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Maryland Farm Diary

Source:
Valentino, Carmen D.  Search this
Associated name:
Bond, William  Search this
Brown, Annie  Search this
Brown, Charles  Search this
Brown, Edward  Search this
Brown, Henry  Search this
Campbell, William  Search this
Gemmill, Benjamin B.  Search this
Gemmill, Ephraim  Search this
Goodwater, Charles  Search this
Johnston, Thomas  Search this
Johnstone, Samuel  Search this
Jones, William  Search this
Klob, Ella  Search this
Lomax, Joseph  Search this
Morgan, John  Search this
Pugh, Edward  Search this
Schultz, William  Search this
Sewell, Rose  Search this
Spencer, George  Search this
West, William  Search this
Whitaker, James  Search this
Former owner:
Valentino, Carmen D.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 item)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Record books
Daybooks
Financial records
Account books
Place:
Harford County, Maryland
Fallston, Harford County, Maryland
Bel Air, Harford County, Maryland
Watervale, Harford County, Maryland
Maryland
Ashland
Hanways' Mill
Potspring, Maryland
Maryland -- Family farms
Timonium, Maryland
Fairs -- 1870-1879 -- United States
Forest Hill, Harford County, Maryland
Date:
1879-1884
Summary:
A farm journal and account book for a farm located at Long Branch, Harford County, Maryland, covering the time period March 1879 to August 1884 (excepting 1880) and documenting all aspects of farm life and labor.
Scope and Contents:
The diary bears numerous handwriting styles, denoting more than one author. The farm documented in this volume featured truck farming, orchards, small grain crops, dairying, and hogs. A possible German or Amish influence is indicated, probably due to its proximity to Pennsylvania, with such products as cider, sauerkraut, wheat and hay being produced, as well as by products from hogs including sausages, lard, and pudding (scrapple). Curing and preservation of meat is documented as well.

All tasks of day-to-day life on the farm, by whom they were performed and with what equipment as well as the weather were recorded. The compiler recorded other such detail as which fertilizers were used for which crops, variety names, how much was paid to each hand who worked on the farm (in the case of tenant farmers, with firewood or cow pasture), names given to animals, and such things as laborers' travel to nearby towns to purchase goods and supplies. Especially descriptive are the parts of the diary relating to livestock, with entries for births, sales, and activities such as butchering, sausage making, curing and preservation of meat.

The farm was comprised of fields, orchards, meadows and gardens, in addition to a number of outbuildings, sheds, smokehouses, a barn, a stable, and a blacksmith shop. Maintenance of these buildings is described in detail in the diary.

This volume is rich in detail about the functioning of a typical American farm during this time period. It also includes an entry for the Fallston, Maryland earthquake of March 11, 1883 (page 95).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1, Farm diary, 1879-1884
Biographical / Historical:
This diary is a combined farm journal and account book for a farm located at or near Long Branch, Harford County, Maryland, covering the time period from March 1879 to August 1894, excepting the year 1880. This was a time when American agriculture was on the cusp of mechanization, and a time when increasing urbanization was changing the demographics of farm life. More and more youth were relocating to urban areas, challenging small family farms to continue to run with fewer people, and forcing them to bring on day laborers or other help.

Farms in the northern part of Maryland were quite distinct from those in the southern part, where tobacco dominated. The farm documented in this volume featured truck farming, orchards, small grain crops, dairying, and hogs. A possible German or Amish influence is indicated, probably due to its proximity to Pennsylvania, with such products as cider, sauerkraut, wheat and hay being produced, as well as by products from hogs including sausages, lard, and pudding (scrapple). Curing and preservation of meat is documented in the volume as well. The products (wheat, hay, cider, sauerkraut) being sold in nearby towns (as documented in the volume) indicates that the farm was not just self-sufficient but also a profitable participant in the market economy.

An interesting entry is found on page 95, for March 11, 1883, "A very perceptible earthquake was experienced here the house shook, & things on sideboard rattled. It lasted about 3 minutes." This is primary documentation of the Fallston, Maryland quake. Other entries mention the Maryland State Fair at Timonium, trips to Hanways' Mill, Ashland and other local destinations.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Robinson and Via Family Papers, 1845-2010, (AC0475)

Southern Agriculture Oral History Project Records, 1986-1991, (AC0773)

John K. Parlett Collection of Agriculture Ephemera, (AC1225)
Provenance:
This collection was purchased at auction from Carmen D. Valentino of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Housewives -- United States  Search this
Rural women  Search this
Rural scenes  Search this
Farms -- Maryland  Search this
Sausages  Search this
Rural families  Search this
Work and family  Search this
Farmers  Search this
Agriculture -- 1870-1940 -- Maryland  Search this
Gardens -- Maryland  Search this
Earthquakes -- Maryland  Search this
Gardening  Search this
Weather conditions  Search this
Family farms  Search this
Farmers -- 19th century  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Agricultural laborers  Search this
Agricultural supplies and equipment -- 1850-1870  Search this
Fairs -- 1880-1889 -- United States  Search this
Agricultural Prices  Search this
Agricultural products  Search this
Genre/Form:
Record books
Daybooks -- 1870-1880
Financial records -- 19th century
Account books -- 19th century
Daybooks -- 1880-1910
Citation:
Maryland Farm Diary, 1879-1884, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1267
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1267

Samuel Johnston

Artist:
Charles Peale Polk, 17 Mar 1767 - 6 May 1822  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Johnston, 1727 - 1810  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 89.9 x 71.5cm (35 3/8 x 28 1/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1793
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill  Search this
Printed Material\Papers\Letter  Search this
Samuel Johnston: Male  Search this
Samuel Johnston: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Maryland Historical Society
Website: www.mdhs.org/
Object number:
1986.111.1 MDHS
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a1d59e95-0ffe-476c-ab39-eb147843ba3b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1986.111.1_MDHS

Gov. Samuel Johnston

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Johnston, 1733 - 1816  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Dimensions:
74.9 x 61.0 cm (29 1/2 x 24" )
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1787
Topic:
Samuel Johnston: Male  Search this
Samuel Johnston: Politics and Government\Governor\North Carolina  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: North Carolina Museum of History
Website: ncmuseumofhistory.org/
Object number:
64.123.8
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm472277c81-aab5-4658-bff2-22cd150daf9e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_64.123.8

Samuel Johnston

Artist:
George Peter Alexander Healy, 15 Jul 1813 - 24 Jun 1894  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Johnston, 1833 - 1886  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
74.1cm x 61.5cm (29 3/16" x 24 3/16"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1863
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Samuel Johnston: Male  Search this
Samuel Johnston: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Real Estate Agent  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Chicago History Museum
Website: www.chicagohs.org/
Website: www.chicagohistory.org
Object number:
1955.137
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm457ef16e6-0274-475c-9868-7bc0a9813d1a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1955.137

Samuel Johnston

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Johnston, 1820 - 1875  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
73.3cm x 61.8cm (28 7/8" x 24 5/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
mid-late 19th Century
Topic:
Samuel Johnston: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Missouri Historical Society
Website: www.mohistory.org
Object number:
1913.6.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43a54b667-c50d-4716-b811-fcbdafa1445d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1913.6.1

Samuel Johnston

Artist:
Charles Peale Polk, 17 Mar 1767 - 6 May 1822  Search this
Sitter:
Samuel Johnston, 1727 - 1810  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
91.4cm x 71.3cm (36" x 28 1/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1792
Topic:
Samuel Johnston: Male  Search this
Samuel Johnston: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Maryland Historical Society
Website: www.mdhs.org/
Object number:
26.39.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e7133594-da3a-4a3f-b117-ef3434a498f7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_26.39.1

Johnston, Samuel, 1929

Collection Creator::
National Museum of American History Division of the History of Technology  Search this
Container:
Box 2 of 3
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 16-342, National Museum of American History Division of the History of Technology, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa16-342-refidd1e2537

British soldiers [by] S.H.F. Johnston. With 8 plates in colour and 25 illustrations in black & white

Author:
Johnston, Samuel Henry Fergus  Search this
Subject:
Great Britain Army History  Search this
Physical description:
46, [2] p. illus., col. plates, ports. (part col.) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1944
Topic:
History, Military  Search this
Call number:
DA65.J6X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_178769

Samuel Johnston (1727-1810), (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
Ca. 1791-1796
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 89070043
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_371193

Mrs. Samuel Johnston (Elizabeth North Carnan) (1731-1803), (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel, Mrs. (Elizabeth North Carnan)  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
Ca. 1791-1796
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 89070044
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_371194

Mrs. Samuel Johnston (Elizabeth North Carnan) (1731-1803), (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel, Mrs. (Elizabeth North Carnan)  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
Ca. 1791-1796
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 89070045
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_371195

Samuel Johnston (1727-1810), (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
Ca. 1791-1796
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 89070046
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_371196

Mrs. Samuel Johnston (Elizabeth North Carnan) (1731-1803), (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel, Mrs. (Elizabeth North Carnan)  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Unlocated
Date:
Ca. 1791-1796
Topic:
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 89070047
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_371197

Samuel Johnston (1833-86), (painting)

Painter:
Healy, George Peter Alexander 1813-1894  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Chicago Historical Society Clark Street at North Avenue Chicago Illinois 60614
Date:
1863
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 12030303
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_255295

Samuel Johnston (1727-1810), (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Maryland Historical Society 201 West Monument Street Baltimore Maryland 21201 Accession Number: 26.39.1
Date:
Ca. 1791-1796
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Occupation--Law--Lawyer  Search this
Object--Written Matter--Book  Search this
Control number:
IAP 19240713
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_261397

Mrs. Samuel Johnston, (painting)

Painter:
Polk, Charles Peale 1767-1822  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel, Mrs  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Florene Maine Antiques Ridgefield Connecticut
Topic:
Portrait female--Waist length  Search this
Control number:
IAP 80041573
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_175142

Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), (painting)

Painter:
Inman, Henry 1801-1846  Search this
Peale, James 1749-1831 (copy after)  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings-Copy
Paintings
Topic:
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 81260075
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_191386

Samuel Iredell Johnston (b. 1804), (painting)

Painter:
McGibbon, James active 1800-1827 (attributed to)  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel Iredell  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Control number:
IAP 82010251
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_194822

Samuel Johnston, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Ruckstull, Frederic Wellington 1853-1942  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Marble
Type:
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
North Carolina State Capitol Rotunda Raleigh North Carolina
Date:
1912
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Occupation--Political--Governor  Search this
Control number:
IAS 75006513
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_13774

Gov. Samuel Johnston, (painting)

Painter:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Johnston, Samuel  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
North Carolina Museum of History (Ln To: Iredell House) 109 E. Jones Street Raleigh North Carolina 27611
Date:
Ca. 1787
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Occupation--Political--Governor  Search this
Control number:
IAP 39670054
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_51341

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