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Timken

Producer:
Cartier, French, founded 1847  Search this
Medium:
Emeralds, sapphires, diamonds, platinum
Type:
jewelry
Exhibitions
Pendant Necklace
Object Name:
Pendant Necklace
Date:
1925
Credit Line:
Lent by Siegelson, New York
Accession Number:
61.2016.2
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Exhibitions Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_61.2016.2

Earring

Type:
jewelry
Decorative Arts
Earring
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. John Innes Kane
Accession Number:
1920-19-136-a,b
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1920-19-136-a_b

cloak pin

Type:
Decorative Arts
cloak pin
Accession Number:
1931-35-6
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Product Design and Decorative Arts Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1931-35-6

Solomon Adler Papers

Creator:
Adler, Solomon, 1901-1989  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Cubic feet (5 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Printed material
Sketches
Photographs
Notes
Legal records
Drawings
Correspondence
Date:
1916-1980
bulk 1950-1966
Summary:
The papers document independent inventor Solomon Adler's work with sewing machine technology through correspondence, photographs, notes, drawings, sketches, patents, litigation records, and printed materials. The collection provides insight into both an independent inventor's process of invention and Japanese work culture during the post-World War II period.
Scope and Contents:
The papers include correspondence, photographs, notes, drawings, sketches, patents, litigation records, and printed materials, primarily documenting Adler's work with sewing machine technology. The papers provide insight into an independent inventor's process of invention and Japanese work culture during the post-World War II period.

Series 1, Personal Materials, 1920s-1950s and undated consists primarily of high school chemistry and biology notes, business cards, photographs, speeches, and writings of Sol Adler. The photographs contain one black-and-white portrait of Adler, November 1958, and two negatives of him from the nineteen teens; and one scanned copy of a photograph, circa the 1920s of Sol Adler with his children, R. Michael and Diane Zoe Adler. There is a small booklet, Agreement between Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc., and Amalgamated Machine and Instrument Local No. 475 from 1941. Adler worked for Manufacturers Machine and Tool Co., Inc.

Series 2, Inventions, is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1, Other, 1919-1980 and undated, and Subseries 2, Sewing Machines, 1938-1962 and undated. Arranged chronologically, both subseries highlight Adler's inventive work. While the primary focus of Adler's invention work was on sewing machines, his interests were broad.

Subseries 2.1, Other Inventions, 1919-1980 and undated, contains documentation in the form of drawings and sketches, photographs, correspondence, and patents. Overall, the documentation is uneven. The inventions include a dividing head (a specialized tool that allows a workpiece to be easily and precisely rotated to preset angles or circular divisions); decorative window treatment; telescoping umbrella; can opener; question/answer machine; correlating device; radio station recording device; receptacle tap; fountain pen; television projection device; combined ash tray and cigarette holder; automatic machine gun; juice blender; thermonuclear idea; apparatus for producing pile fabric; an extensible, retractable and concealable table; and textile machinery.

Only some of Adler's inventions were patented. However, many of his ideas were well documented through drawings or descriptive text. In some instances prototypes were built.

The question and answer machine, 1939, was approximately three feet by four feet and was powered by a battery, the device was intended for educational use by children and adults. It used interchangeable answer cards on a broad range of subjects and informed the user of a correct and wrong answer by lights and a buzzer.

The correlating device, 1942, was designed for automobile use, and it combined driving directions and maps on a roll of paper data mounted on the dashboard. Although patented (US Patent 2,282,843), the device was never manufactured.

The radio station recording device, 1939, was a device to maintain a record of radio stations tuned on a radio receiver during a twenty-four hour period using recording disks.

The receptacle tap (Siphon-It), 1939, was patented (US Patent 2,184,263). The Siphon-It was designed to fit any size bottle, can, or the like containing fluids without removing the bottle cap. The "tap" punctured the bottle cap and was then turned like a screw several times. It allowed the contents under pressure to not lose carbonation and be poured easily.

The combined ash tray and cigarette holder and lighter, 1951, was Adler's only design patent (US Patent Des. 163,984). Purely ornamental, the tray would light and hold a cigarette.

The automatic machine gun, 1952, was conceived of by Adler and his son R. Michael Adler. The drawings and accompanying narrative text detail a method for cooling the gun through the use of an automatically operated gas turbine centrifugal air compressor and a gun of simple design with few parts and capable of an extremely high rate of fire. Adler submitted his drawings and text to the United States Army Ordance Department at the Pentagon, but it was not manufactured.

Adler's thermonuclear fusion proposal, a technical paper written in 1960, was never realized. The paper, titled "Attempt to Utilize the Concentrated Magnetic Field Around a Pinched Plasma Column as the Focal Point for Particle Acceleration," details through text and schematics Adler's ideas about a thermonuclear reactor. Additionally, there is correspondence, journal articles, newspaper articles, and a notebook with notes from other publications and some loose drawings related to thermonuclear issues.

An apparatus for producing pile fabric (US Patent 3,309,252), was patented in 1967. The intention of the apparatus was to create a method for producing carpets and rugs in a fast, practical, and inexpensive way.

Adler's work with non-woven textiles and fabrics (see US Patent 3,250,655) is well documented through correspondence, drawings, notes, fabric samples, and photographs. Adler founded the Adler Process Corporation in the 1960s as a research and development organization specializing in the development of products for domestic and industrial uses. The corporation also built machinery for the commercial production of the products which included pile fabric (such as carpeting), non-woven fabrics, and leather-like material. A prospectus details the "Adler Process."

Method and apparatus for production of pile carpeting and the like (US Patent 3,424,632, 3,592,374, and 3,655,490)

Subseries 2.2, Sewing machines, 1938-1962 and undated, consists primarily of documentation about the development of the Pacesetter sewing machine and its predecessors through correspondence, drawings and sketches, photographs, guide manuals, and promotional materials. Adler constructed skeletal aluminum models to better understand the functions and internal mechanisms of sewing machines. Between 1940 and 1948, he designed and constructed a sewing machine prototype, which he called his "Parent Machine." The Parent Machine would become known as the Pacesetter. Seven patents were awarded for the novel mechanisms contained within this prototype (US Patent 2,561,643), the most notable being for a compact sewing machine that could expand to a full-sized machine. Additional sewing machine inventions include the needleless sewing machine; a zig-zag sewing machine, and an attachment for a zig-zag sewing machine (US Patent 3,016,030).

While working as an engineer for the Brother International Corporation in Japan in the early 1950s, Adler developed the Pacesetter sewing machine. This portable machine was designed to meet the rapidly growing popularity of multiple decorative and embroidery patterns. A selector dial, which Adler called the "Wishing Dial," controlled sixteen internal cams, multiple cam selectors and followers to automatically sew thirty different basic decorative stitch patterns. Since the Pacesetter could sew both zigzag and straight stitches, varying the width and length of the basic patterns made it possible to create thousands of decorative variations. Adler introduced the Pacesetter sewing machine at the Independent Sewing Machine Dealers Show in New York, July 18, 1955.

Series 3: Brother International Corporation, 1954-1959 and undated

Started in 1908 by Kanekichi Yasui, the Yasui Sewing Machine Company manufactured and repaired sewing machines. The company was later renamed Yasui Brother Sewing Machine Company by Masayoshi Yasui, the eldest of Kanekichi's ten children, who inherited the company. The new name reflected the involvement and spirit of cooperation of other "brothers" in the Yasui family.

In 1934, the Yasui brothers liquidated the Yasui Brother Sewing Machine Company and created the Nippon Sewing Machine Company in Nagoya, Japan. Nippon emerged in response to a Japanese sewing machine market dominated by imported products, and it began mass producing industrial sewing machines. In 1941, Brother Sales, Ltd. was established as a sales outlet for the Japanese market, and in 1954 Brother International Corporation (BIC) was created as an exporting company with offices established in New York City. The company actively promoted exporting in advance of other Japanese companies.

Adler joined BIC in 1954 as a consultant for their product design and development work. This work was previously done in-house by design and engineering staff, so Adler, an American, was charting new territory. The materials in this series consist of corporate histories, and annual report, correspondence, product literature, conference materials, and notebooks maintained by Adler. The latter constitutes the bulk of the material along with the correspondence.

The "conference" materials document a meeting Adler attended, presumably in Japan in 1957. The file contains detailed notes about product marketing and production factors. A flow chart for "product coordinating factors" outlines the motivations, idea sources, management control, and execution of an idea generally.

The correspondence, 1954-1958, consists of letters and inter-company communications (memorandum), patents and drawings between Sol Adler, Max Hugel and the legal firm of, Kane, Dalsmier and Kane of New York. The correspondence relates almost exclusively to patenting matters, especially by Adler and legal matters involving Singer Sewing Manufacturing Company alleging that Brother International infringed on certain Singer-owned patents.

The notebooks of Solomon Adler, approximately 1951-1958, consists primarily of materials documenting Adler's work in Japan on sewing machines. The materials were assembled by Adler and titled "notebook." Some of the materials are three hole punched (indicating they may have been in a three-ring notebook) and are both handwritten and typescript. Also included are chronologies of his work; translations of Japanese words into English; drawings in pencil on tracing paper; sketches in pencil on scrap paper and letterhead; detailed notes about mechanisms and methods of sewing machine operation; business cards; comparative data for sewing machines; and correspondence.

Of note is the "digest" or chronology of events from 1958 to 1959 maintained by Adler to detail the alleged patent infringement of BIC on Singer Sewing machine patents. The digest also notes the value, author of a document, to whom it was sent, date, and a brief description. Adler created a ranking system for his digest, assigning different values, very important, urgent, important, and general. He also compiled a chart of competitor sewing machines by brand name. Many of the Japanese documents--patents and drawings--bear Adler's "chop" or rubber stamp with Japanese characters for his surname.

The Litigation Materials, 1952-1961 and undated, consists of documents (numbered exhibits) assembled by Adler for use in litigation against Brother International Corporation (BIC). The exhibits were used as documentary evidence in court, and the materials are primarily typescript notes and correspondence, newspaper clippings, articles, technical drawings by Adler, patents, photographs and some product literature detailing aspects of the BIC sewing machines.

In 1958, Singer Sewing Machine Company filed a lawsuit against Nippon Sewing Machine Company for patent infringement by BIC's Pacesetter and Select-O-Matic sewing machines. Adler, on behalf of Nippon, conducted extensive patent research into the allegations, working with BIC attorneys in New York as well as creating new sewing machine designs to overcome Singer's claims. In 1959, Singer filed another lawsuit alleging that Nippon was violating United States customs laws by shipping automatic zigzag sewing machines to the United States, which were alleged to infringe on Singer patents. Correspondence related to this patent infringement can be found in Series 3: Brother International Corporation.

Adler returned to the United States in April of 1959 as the representative for Nippon and the Japanese sewing machine industry to help prepare the case and act as a consultant. BIC and Singer representatives appeared before the United States Tariff Commission (USTC). Adler officially testified on behalf of BIC, explaining the three angle cam structure difference between the Singer #401 sewing machine and imported Japanese sewing machines. Adler's testimony was successful, and with patent problems resolved, Adler resigned from BIC in July of 1959 and commenced a long negotiation with the company for financial compensation for his invention work.

Series 5, Publications, 1953-1967, consists of select issues of theNew Japan Sewing Machine News, which followed developments in the Japanese sewing machine industry and other publications featuring articles and brief pieces about sewing machines in general.

References

(http://welcome.brother.com/hk-en/about-us/history.html last accessed on March 24, 2011)
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Personal Materials, 1920-1950s and undated

Series 2: Inventions, 1938-1980

Subseries 1: Other, 1938-1980

Subseries 2: Sewing, 1938-1962 and undated

Series 3: Brother International Corporation, 1952-1961

Series 4: Publications, 1953-1967
Biographical / Historical:
Solomon "Sol" Adler is probably best known for his sewing machine inventions, but his portfolio of work also includes ideas and patents for a fountain pen, a window treatment, a receptacle tap, a telescoping umbrella, an ashtray, a retractable table, and jewelry designs. Adler wrote fiction as well (mostly short stories) that reflected his experiences during the early 1900s in New York City. He filled pages with themes on social protest, radicalism, mobs, unions, poverty, and sweatshop operators. In 1958 Adler wrote about theories of nuclear physics, noting, "Indeed a very bold attempt and definitely a long way from sewing machines." Adler's flow of ideas was constant, and he sought to express them constantly.

Sol Adler was born on July 8, 1901, [Russian?] on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, one of Isaac and Mindel Adler's five children. Isaac was a tailor, so sewing machines were part of Sol's life from the beginning. As a young man, Adler apprenticed in machine shops, honing his skills until he became an expert machinist and toolmaker; these skills eventually allowed him to build the machines he visualized. Adler's design drawings show his precision as a draftsman and engineer (he attended the City College of New York) and provide good insight into the drawing abilities that he later used in preparing patent drawings. Adler also enjoyed metalworking. His home workshop boasted a geared lathe, tilling head machine, drill press, bench grinder, and an assorted hand tools.

Adler's work on sewing machines began in the late 1930s with tinkering with his sister-in-law Bess's treadle-operated Singer machine. Bess wanted a lightweight, motorized sewing machine that had enough space between the frame and the needle for large projects such as quilts. Using his own basement machine shop, Adler began building simple frameworks for sewing machines to understand better the relationships between the parts and their functions. Adler's first sewing machine (which he dubbed the "parent machine") earned U.S. Patent 2,561,643, issued in 1951. The machine was a full-size home machine, with a concealed motor and power cord that could also expand into a commercial-size machine. Six subsequent patents for subassemblies were derived from the "parent machine" over the next several years.

During the Second World War, Adler worked for Manufacturing Methods Technology (MM&T) as a development engineer and experimental machine shop supervisor.

Analyzing the evolving U.S. domestic sewing machine market gave Adler ideas for further inventions, refining the machines and adding new features. Unfortunately, success was elusive; his machine with zigzag and straight-stitch capability was rejected by several U.S. and European sewing machine manufacturers. But in 1954, Adler met Max Hugel, president of the Asiatic Commerce Corporation of New York, later known as Brother International Corporation (BIC), a subsidiary of the Nippon Company. Nippon wanted to solve certain design and operational problems it was having in developing a zigzag sewing machine for sale in the United States. Adler joined BIC, moved to Japan, and succeeded in helping correct the design issues. Adler named the machine the "Select-O-Matic" because by turning a few knobs, an operator could select one of the six patterns that the machine produced.

Adler stayed with BIC until 1959, and worked on a variety of sewing machines, including an automatic zigzag machine and the versatile "Pacesetter," which was unveiled in the United States to great acclaim at the Sewing Machine Show in New York City on July 18, 1955 (a version of the Pacesetter is still sold by Brother). Additionally, he worked on a line of industrial and domestic sewing machines, home washing machines, home knitting machines, and other small appliances. Adler earned several Japanese patents for his work.

Among Adler's writings is a pronouncement of his passion for invention: "When an idea is conceived by an inventor, it never leaves him in peace, it possesses him day and night until it is expressed, after which he enjoys a sense of relief and accomplishment."

Adler married Fay (neé Kagan) in 1928. They had two children, Ralph Michael Adler and Diane Zoe Adler. Adler died on May 31, 1989 at the age of 88.

Issued United States Patents:

Receptacle tap (2,184,263)

Correlating device (2,284,843)

Sewing machine (2,561,643)

Sewing machine feed (2,473,934)

Bobbin winder for sewing machine (2,455,638)

Extension leaf for sewing machines (2,464,838)

Sewing machine feed (2,473,934)

Threading device (2,516,171)

Sewing machine pressure bar (2,554,970)

Sewing machine needle bar operating mechanism (2,554,971)

Sewing machine (2,561,643)

Sewing machine (2,709,978)

Attachment for zigzag sewing machines (3,016,030)

Sewing machine (3,053,207) assigned to Nippon Sewing Machine Manufacturing Company

Sewing machine (3,055,325) assigned to Nippon Sewing Machine Manufacturing Company

Method and apparatus for making non-woven fabric (3,236,711)assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Method for producing non-woven fabric (3,250,655)

Method and apparatus for producing pile fabric (3,309,252) assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Method and apparatus for production of pile fabric and the like (3,424,632) assigned to Adler Process Corporation

Combined ashtray, cigarette holder and lighter (Des. 163,984)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Home and Community Life holds artifacts related to this collection, including several sewing machine prototypes, the Siphon-It and the combination ashtray, lighter and cigarette holder. See Accession numbers: 2009.0118 and 2009.0114.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by R. Michael Adler and Diane Zoe Adler, September, 2009. Additonal materials were donated by R. Michael Adler in 2012.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sewing machines  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Printed material
Sketches
Photographs -- 20th century
Notes
Legal records
Drawings -- 20th century
Correspondence
Citation:
Solomon Adler Papers, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1157
See more items in:
Solomon Adler Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1157
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Ramona Solberg

Interviewee:
Solberg, Ramona  Search this
Interviewer:
Halper, Vicki  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
American Craft Council  Search this
Bellevue Art Museum (Wash.)  Search this
Central Washington State College -- Faculty  Search this
Edison Vocational School -- Students  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
University of Washington -- Students  Search this
Day, Russell  Search this
Hall, Laurie  Search this
Harrington, LaMar, 1917-2005  Search this
Ho, Ron  Search this
Hu, Mary Lee, 1943-  Search this
Larsen, Jack Lenor  Search this
Lipofsky, Marvin, 1938-2016  Search this
Maloof, Frieda  Search this
Maloof, Sam  Search this
Marshall, John, 1936-  Search this
Pence, Coralyn  Search this
Penington, Ruth, b. 1905  Search this
Slemmons, Kiff  Search this
Tompkins, Don  Search this
Woell, J. Fred, 1934-  Search this
Worden, Nancy  Search this
Extent:
35 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2001 March 23
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Ramona Solberg conducted 2001 March 23, by Vicki Halper, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, in Solberg's apartment, Seattle, Washington.
Solberg speaks of her family background and childhood in Seattle; her jewelry studies with Ruth Pennington at the University of Washington in Seattle and her use of found objects; her service in the Unites States Army; attending the Edison Vocational School on the GI Bill and pursuing a masters degree in jewelry at the University of Washington; studies with Coralyn Pence; her travels to Mexico and her fascination with pre-Columbian objects; enameling in Norway; collecting beads from around the world; her book, "Inventive Jewelry-Making" (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972); leading tours for a Seattle-based group, "Friends of the Crafts," to the Middle East, Asia, Antarctica, and elsewhere for 16 or 17 years; teaching at Central Washington State College and creating her first bead and found object pieces there in 1956; her fondness for turquoise, lapis, and coral; inviting Don Tompkins to teach at Central Washington State College; Tompkins's "tongue-in-cheek" use of metals; her desire to make jewelry that can "shake, rattle, and roll"; teaching and workshops; her use of preliminary sketches; her soldering technique; fasteners; the weight of her jewelry; the "restraints of jewelry"; her lack of interest in making matched sets and bracelets and rings; the lack of social commentary in her work; her series of pieces inspired by the book, "Watership Down;" the influence of Fred Woell and his use of "American throw-aways"; her involvement with the Northwest region of the American Craft Council; her association with a group of jewelers in the Northwest including Ron Ho, Laurie Hall, Nancy Worden, and Kiff Slemmons; making beaded fibulas; curating exhibitions such as Ubiquitous Bead (1987) and Ubiquitous Bead II (1998) at the Bellevue Art Museum in Seattle; exhibitions at Facèré Jewelry Art Gallery in Seattle and the Henry Art Gallery at the University of Washington in Seattle; working in small spaces; getting into the exhibition Objects: USA "through the back door"; her status as an international artist; pricing her work; her pieces in museum collections; and her health. She recalls Russell Day, Jack Lenor Larsen, Sam and Frieda Maloof, John Marshall, Marvin Lipofsky, LaMar Harrington, Mary Lee Hu, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Ramona Solberg (1921-2005) was a jeweler from Seattle, Washington. Vicki Halper is a curator at the Seattle Art Museum.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 5 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 13 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Art -- Technique  Search this
Jewelers -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.solber01
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-solber01

Edna Boies scrapbook of teaching notes, 1902-1903

Creator:
Hopkins, Edna Boies, 1872-1937  Search this
Hopkins, James Roy, 1877-1969  Search this
Subject:
Veltin School (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Topic:
Decoration and ornament -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decoration and ornament -- United States -- Design  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9719
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212003
AAA_collcode_hopkedna
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212003

Janet Yellin, Study #8

Artist:
Jon R. Friedman, born 1947  Search this
Sitter:
Janet Yellen, born 13 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Oil on prepared paper
Dimensions:
Image/Board: 77.2 × 55.9 cm (30 3/8 × 22")
Type:
Painting
Date:
2018
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Janet Yellen: Female  Search this
Janet Yellen: Politics and Government\Public Official  Search this
Janet Yellen: Business and Finance\Economist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the artist, Jon R. Friedman
Object number:
NPG.2019.179
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45f1e2280-d22e-4df4-a6ed-fe40fc4e0135
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.179

First Lady Michelle Obama

Artist:
Amy Sherald, born 1973  Search this
Sitter:
Michelle Obama, born 17 Jan 1964  Search this
Medium:
Oil on linen
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 183.2 × 152.7 × 7 cm (72 1/8 × 60 1/8 × 2 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Place:
United States\Maryland\Baltimore Independent City\Baltimore
Date:
2018
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Painting  Search this
Michelle Obama: Female  Search this
Michelle Obama: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Michelle Obama: Politics and Government\First Lady\First Lady of US  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Kate Capshaw and Steven Spielberg; Judith Kern and Kent Whealy; Tommie L. Pegues and Donald A. Capoccia; Clarence, DeLoise, and Brenda Gaines; Jonathan and Nancy Lee Kemper; The Stoneridge Fund of Amy and Marc Meadows; Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker; Catherine and Michael Podell; Mark and Cindy Aron; Lyndon J. Barrois and Janine Sherman Barrois; The Honorable John and Louise Bryson; Paul and Rose Carter; Bob and Jane Clark; Lisa R. Davis; Shirley Ross Davis and Family; Alan and Lois Fern; Conrad and Constance Hipkins; Sharon and John Hoffman; Audrey M. Irmas; John Legend and Chrissy Teigen; Eileen Harris Norton; Helen Hilton Raiser; Philip and Elizabeth Ryan; Roselyne Chroman Swig; Josef Vascovitz and Lisa Goodman; Eileen Baird; Dennis and Joyce Black Family Charitable Foundation; Shelley Brazier; Aryn Drake-Lee; Andy and Teri Goodman; Randi Charno Levine and Jeffrey E. Levine; Fred M. Levin and Nancy Livingston, The Shenson Foundation; Monique Meloche Gallery, Chicago; Arthur Lewis and Hau Nguyen; Sara and John Schram; Alyssa Taubman and Robert Rothman
Object number:
NPG.2018.15
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© National Portrait Gallery
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a15ef680-6589-4057-a168-f5b03a143a05
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.15

President Barack Obama

Artist:
Kehinde Wiley, born 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Barack Hussein Obama, born 4 Aug 1961  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 213.7 × 147 × 3.2 cm (84 1/8 × 57 7/8 × 1 1/4")
Frame: 234.3 × 167 × 10 cm (92 1/4 × 65 3/4 × 3 15/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
2018
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Flowers  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch  Search this
Imaginary  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Male  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Nobel Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Kate Capshaw and Steven Spielberg; Judith Kern and Kent Whealy; Tommie L. Pegues and Donald A. Capoccia; Clarence, DeLoise, and Brenda Gaines; The Stoneridge Fund of Amy and Marc Meadows; Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker; Catherine and Michael Podell; Mark and Cindy Aron; Lyndon J. Barrois and Janine Sherman Barrois; The Honorable John and Louise Bryson; Paul and Rose Carter; Bob and Jane Clark; Lisa R. Davis; Shirley Ross Davis and Family; Alan and Lois Fern; Conrad and Constance Hipkins; Sharon and John Hoffman; Daniel and Kimberly Johnson; John Legend and Chrissy Teigen; Eileen Harris Norton; Helen Hilton Raiser; Philip and Elizabeth Ryan; Roselyne Chroman Swig; Josef Vascovitz and Lisa Goodman; Michele J. Hooper and Lemuel Seabrook III; The Skylark Foundation; Cleveland and Harriette Chambliss; Anna Chavez and Eugene Eidenberg; Carla Diggs & Stephen M. Smith; Danny First; Peggy Woodford Forbes and Harry Bremond; Stephen Friedman Gallery; Sean and Mary Kelly, Sean Kelly Gallery; Jamie Lunder; Joff Masukawa and Noëlle Kennedy Masukawa; Derek McGinty and Cheryl Cooper; Robert and Jan Newman; The Raymond L. Ocampo Jr. and Sandra O. Ocampo Family Trust; Julie and Bennett Roberts; Paul Sack; Gertrude Dixon Sherman; Michael and Mary Silver; V. Joy Simmons, MD; Andrea Lavin Solow and Alan P. Solow; John Sykes; Galerie Templon; Henry L. Thaggert III
Object number:
NPG.2018.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2018 Kehinde Wiley
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
America's Presidents (Reinstallation September 2017)
On View:
NPG, West Gallery 210
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm421d9c892-da07-495f-99cf-b8506e1b845f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.16

Soichi Sakamoto holding stopwatch

Artist:
Mitsuo "Pipi" Wakayama, 06 Sep 1918 - 01 Sep 2007  Search this
Sitter:
Soichi Sakamoto, 23 Jan 1906 - 02 Aug 1997  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 25.2 × 20.3 cm (9 15/16 × 8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1939
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Architecture\Pool  Search this
Soichi Sakamoto: Male  Search this
Soichi Sakamoto: Sports and Recreation\Coach  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Soichi Sakamoto Family
Object number:
NPG.2017.70
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a129eef3-7c83-4e6c-9ab6-ee13f008b40c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2017.70

William Patrick Foster

Artist:
Mickey Adair  Search this
Sitter:
William Patrick Foster, 25 Aug 1919 - 28 Aug 2010  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 12.5 × 10 cm (4 15/16 × 3 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1980
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Conductor's baton  Search this
William Patrick Foster: Male  Search this
William Patrick Foster: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandleader  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Dr. William P. and Mary Ann Foster Foundation, Anthony F. Foster, son of Dr. William P. and Mrs. Mary Ann Foster
Object number:
NPG.2017.85
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Mickey Adair
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b26ade32-4ca0-4c05-90a9-452ce8ee717e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2017.85

Mathilde Krim

Artist:
Annie Leibovitz, born 2 Oct 1949  Search this
Sitter:
Mathilde Krim, 9 Jul 1926 - 15 Jan 2018  Search this
Medium:
Archival pigment print
Dimensions:
Image: 25.1 × 25.1 cm (9 7/8 × 9 7/8")
Sheet: 40.7 × 50.8 cm (16 × 20")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1998 (printed 2014)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch  Search this
Mathilde Krim: Female  Search this
Mathilde Krim: Health and Medicine\Researcher  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, in honor of our Founding Chairman, Dr. Mathilde Krim
Object number:
NPG.2014.104
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 1998 Annie Leibovitz
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d3a75c46-b39f-489d-b6d8-2c6a834818c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.104

Ruth Bader Ginsburg (A Study)

Alternate Title:
Ruth Bader Ginsberg
Artist:
Nelson Shanks, 23 Dec 1937 - 28 Aug 2015  Search this
Sitter:
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, 1933 - 2020  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 54.9 × 40.3 cm (21 5/8 × 15 7/8")
Frame: 74.9 × 59.1 × 5.1 cm (29 1/2 × 23 1/4 × 2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
2012
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace  Search this
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Female  Search this
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge  Search this
Ruth Bader Ginsburg: Law and Law Enforcement\Judge\Justice\US Supreme Court Justice  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Ian M. and Annette P. Cumming
Object number:
NPG.2019.148
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Nelson Shanks
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4bb2ed100-4495-4f4d-bcca-75c839d692c1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.148

Obama 2012 (I)

Artist:
Chuck Close, born 5 Jul 1940  Search this
Sitter:
Barack Hussein Obama, born 4 Aug 1961  Search this
Medium:
Jacquard tapestry
Dimensions:
233.7 × 188 × 1.9 cm (92 × 74 × 3/4")
Type:
Textile
Date:
2012
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Pin\Lapel pin  Search this
Personal Attribute\Teeth  Search this
Decorative Arts\Textile  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Male  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Politics and Government\US Senator\Illinois  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Politics and Government\State Senator\Illinois  Search this
Barack Hussein Obama: Nobel Prize  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Ian M. and Annette P. Cumming
Object number:
NPG.2019.151
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Chuck Close
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47bb95d1b-4706-49a7-ae1c-5d288998d084
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.151

Katharine Graham at her Washington Post Desk

Artist:
Diana Walker, born 1942  Search this
Sitter:
Katharine Meyer Graham, 6 Jun 1917 - 17 Jul 2001  Search this
Medium:
Inkjet print
Dimensions:
Image: 27.5 × 27.5 cm (10 13/16 × 10 13/16")
Sheet: 50.8 x 40.6 cm (20 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\District of Columbia\Washington
Date:
1993
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Printed Material\Newspaper  Search this
Interior\Office  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Desk  Search this
Artist's Effects\Frame  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch\Wrist watch  Search this
Katharine Meyer Graham: Female  Search this
Katharine Meyer Graham: Communications\Publisher\Newspaper  Search this
Katharine Meyer Graham: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Media  Search this
Katharine Meyer Graham: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Katharine Meyer Graham: Literature\Writer\Autobiographer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of an anonymous donor
Object number:
NPG.2013.82
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Diana Walker
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4792312a3-c5a1-482c-b776-fa2516610c98
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2013.82

Plenty Coups

Artist:
Willem Wildschut, 30 Mar 1883 - 07 Jan 1955  Search this
Sitter:
Plenty Coups, c. 1848 - 03 Mar 1932  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Sheet: 91.4 x 61 cm (36 x 24")
Frame: 116.5 x 78.4 x 4.4 cm (45 7/8 x 30 7/8 x 1 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\Montana
Date:
c. 1921
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Headdress  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace  Search this
Exterior  Search this
Exterior\Landscape  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Tree  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Glove  Search this
Plenty Coups: Male  Search this
Plenty Coups: Native American\Warrior  Search this
Plenty Coups: Native American\Leader\Chief  Search this
Plenty Coups: Native American\Treaty negotiator  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Ruth and Vernon Taylor Foundation, Beatrice and James Taylor
Object number:
NPG.2004.128
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm43938bd03-ea1c-4f98-974e-bc0a50b3dacd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2004.128

Cecil B. De Mille

Artist:
Wide World Photos  Search this
Sitter:
Cecil Blount DeMille, 12 Aug 1881 - 21 Jan 1959  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 25.4 × 20.3cm (10 × 8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1934
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Printed Material  Search this
Interior\Office  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Desk  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Cufflinks  Search this
Equipment\Letter opener  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch\Wrist watch  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Male  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Performing Arts\Director\Motion Pictures  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Performing Arts\Producer\Motion Pictures  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Oscar  Search this
Cecil Blount DeMille: Legion of Honor  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine Conserved with funds from The Pritzker Traubert Family Foundation
Object number:
NPG.82.TC95
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© AP Images/Wide World
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48fd27e29-9996-4846-88bc-187b9c6e3fd7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.82.TC95

Two women looking through doughnuts

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
laquered iron base (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 12.5 cm x 9.5 cm; 4 29/32 in x 3 3/4 in
Object Name:
tintype
ID Number:
1982.0589.03
Catalog number:
1982.0589.03
Accession number:
1982.0589
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Photo History Collection
Tintype Collection
Photography
Exhibition:
Girlhood
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-43ff-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1325312
Online Media:

Hairpin

Medium:
Jade
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 19 x 1.5 x 1.6 cm (7 1/2 x 9/16 x 5/8 in)
Type:
Jade
Jewelry and Ornament
Origin:
China
Date:
1644-1911
Period:
Qing dynasty
Topic:
Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
carving  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1144
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3c5244fac-c820-4c74-92da-2776a4e238b5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1144

Hairpin

Medium:
Jade
Dimensions:
H x W x D (overall): 24.5 x 2 x 1.9 cm (9 5/8 x 13/16 x 3/4 in)
Type:
Jade
Jewelry and Ornament
Origin:
China
Date:
1644-1911
Period:
Qing dynasty
Topic:
Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
Paul Singer collection  Search this
carving  Search this
Credit Line:
The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; a joint gift of the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Paul Singer, the AMS Foundation for the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities, and the Children of Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S2012.9.1406
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3b08c88cc-84db-4db5-8905-82d1df4a21a0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2012.9.1406

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