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Japanese postcard of Chinese junks at sea

Extent:
1 postcard (collotype)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Chinese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Postcards
Postcards
Place:
Taiwan
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Collection consists of postcard bearing image of four junks, possibly in the Taiwan Strait or near the island of Taiwan. The postcard includes a printed caption in Japanese that describes junks as boats used for ocean voyages and fishing, as well as as cargo vessels.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-37
General note:
Data and translation furnished by Chang-su Houchins, of the Department of Anthropology.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Museum of American History Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution Archives, and Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives hold additional images of junks.
Additional Japanese postcards can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97, Photo Lot 82-73A, and Photo Lot 89-16.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Junks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Citation:
Photo Lot 86-37, Japanese postcard of Chinese junks at sea, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.86-37
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-86-37

Comparison between the Wintun and Japanese languages

Collector:
Faris, Lafayette  Search this
Addressee:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
8 pages
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
August 18, 1893
Scope and Contents:
Letter to Major J. W. Powell.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3618
Citation:
Manuscript 3618, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3618
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3618

Rosanna Blake photograph collection of Japanese people and landscapes

Creator:
Blake, Rosanna  Search this
Extent:
38 mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1880-1900
Scope and Contents note:
Japanese cartes de visite depicting people, villages, cities, and dwellings. Many of the prints are hand colored and some of them are stamped "M. Gillet Gill," possibly a reference to Martin Gillett Gill, a tea merchant in Baltimore in 1880. He may have originally purchased or collected the cartes de visite.
Biographical/Historical note:
Rosanna Alexander Blake (1912-1987) was a lawyer and collector of Confederate historical materials. Blake taught history and government at Lees-McRae College in North Carolina before becoming an attorney, first in Kentucky and then for various federal agencies. Blake bequeathed her entire collection to Marshall University in West Virginia, her undergraduate alma mater.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2004-16
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Marshall University holds Blake's Confederate collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2004-16, Rosanna Blake photograph collection of Japanese landscapes and people, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2004-16
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2004-16

John Caldwell Calhoun Newton photograph collection of Japanese Buddhism

Creator:
Newton, John C. Calhoun, 1848-  Search this
Extent:
11 mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Buddhists  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
mounted prints
Photographs
Place:
Japan
Date:
circa 1888-1894
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by John C. Calhoun Newton during his tenure as a Methodist missionary in Japan. They include images of a stupa at the Toji temple ground, a bell at the Chion-in temple, and scroll paintings depicting the Buddha, Seisho-ko (General Kato Kiyomasa), Shinto gods based on Buddhist deities, Buddhist disciples, and part of a text containing Buddha's last instructions. The original envelopes for the photograph cards, including name and address of print shop owner Okazaki Kazutada of Kyoto, are also available with the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Caldwell Calhoun Newton (1848-1923) was a Methodist minister and missionary to Japan. He was born in South Carolina and educated at Kentucky Wesleyan College, Kentucky Military Institute, and Johns Hopkins University. After working as a minister in Kentucky and Virginia, he made his first trip to Japan in 1888-1897. There, he served as a faculty member and then dean of the theological school at the Kwansei Gakuin Union Mission College and Seminary in Kobe. He returned to Japan in 1903 and served as President of the Mission College from 1913-1923.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 84-6, USNM ACC 28096
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs donated by Newton in 1894 can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97.
The William R. Perkins Library at Duke University holds Newton's papers from 1870-1931.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Buddhas  Search this
Buddhist temples  Search this
Buddhism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 84-6, John Caldwell Calhoun Newton photograph collection of Japanese Buddhism, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.84-6
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-84-6

Yegi-Honten photographs relating to the Japanese Red Cross Society of Tokyo

Photographer:
Yegi-Honten studio  Search this
Yegi M., fl. 1890s  Search this
Names:
Nihon Sekijūjisha  Search this
Extent:
5 mounted prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
mounted prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1904
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs relating to the Japanese Red Cross Society (Nihon Sekijūjisha) of Tokyo, Japan, used in an exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1904. It includes images of the Hakuai Maru, a Red Cross Hospital ship; Japanese Red Cross Society relief staff aboard the ship; the Tokyo headquarters of the Red Cross Society; two nurses with hospital equipment; and a ceremony in front of the Japanese Red Cross Society Hospital. Photographs of relief staff and nurses were possibly made to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the society's founding.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Yegi-Honten Studio was Yegi M.'s main studio, based in Awajicho, Kanda district. The studio was responsible for some of Japan's exhibit photographs at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904).

The Japanese Red Cross Society was founded by Count Tsunetami Sano in 1877. Originally known as Hakuaisha, it was intended to provide relief aid during the Satsuma Rebellion of that year. The organization provided medical supplies, rescue measures, and social work services. It was renamed the Japanese Red Cross Society in 1887.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 86-35, USNM ACC 44415
General note:
Data furnished by Chang-su Houchins, of the Department of Anthropology. She consulted Niho kokugo daijiten (Encyclopaedia of the Japanese Language) and Clark Worswick, Japan Photographs, 1854-1905, 1979.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Artifacts from the Japanese Red Cross Society's exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 44415.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 86-35, Yegi-Honten studio photographs relating to the Japanese Red Cross Society of Tokyo, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.86-35
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-86-35

Exhibition Records

Creator::
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Curatorial - Japanese Art  Search this
Extent:
2.5 cu. ft. (2 record storage boxes) (1 document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Manuscripts
Floor plans
Date:
1989-1992
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records documenting the planning, design, funding, and installation of exhibitions. The records were created and maintained by Ann Yonemura, Assistant Curator of Japanese Art and, beginning in 1990, Associate Curator of Japanese Art. Exhibitions documented in this accession include "Ancient Japan" and "Yokohama: Prints from Nineteenth Century Japan." Both exhibitions were installed in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, brochures, floor plans, schedules, contracts, budgets, object lists, label text, grant information, and related materials.
Topic:
Museum exhibits  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Manuscripts
Floor plans
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 09-104, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Curatorial - Japanese Art, Exhibition Records
Identifier:
Accession 09-104
See more items in:
Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa09-104

Curatorial Records

Creator::
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Curatorial - Japanese Art  Search this
Extent:
3 cu. ft. (3 record storage boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Date:
1953-2000
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of records documenting the curatorial activities of Harold P. Stern, assistant in research, 1951-1958; Associate Curator, 1958-1961; Curator of Japanese Art, 1961-1962; Acting Assistant Director, 1962; Assistant Director, 1963-1971; and Director, 1971-1977; and Ann Yonemura, Museum Specialist, 1976-1979; Assistant Curator, 1979-1990; and Associate Curator, 1990- . Topics include lectures, research, outreach, administration, and professional activities. Both Stern and Yonemura specialized in Japanese art, but occasionally lectured on Chinese and other East Asian art. Stern continued his curatorial duties during his tenure as assistant director and director. Many records in this accession were created within the Freer Gallery of Art prior to the establishment of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery in 1982. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, lecture scripts, photographs of artwork, notes, proposals, installation photographs, meeting materials, and related materials.
Topic:
Art museums  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Lectures and lecturing  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Art, East Asian  Search this
Art -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 17-310, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. Curatorial - Japanese Art, Curatorial Records
Identifier:
Accession 17-310
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa17-310

Website Records

Topic:
The World of the Japanese Illustrated Book: The Gerhard Pulverer Collection (Website)
Creator::
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Electronic records
Place:
Japan -- History $y Tokugawa period, 1600-1868
Date:
2015
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of "The World of the Japanese Illustrated Book: The Gerhard Pulverer Collection" website, maintained by the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, as it existed on March 12, 2015. The website is an online catalog for the Pulverer Collection which includes numerous rare and pristine examples of Japanese illustrated books produced in the Edo (Tokugawa) period and beyond. The website includes essays and videos about the collection. Due to technical issues, much of the digitized collection material and some video is missing from this accession and searches may not function properly. Only data available without logging into the system was captured. Materials are in electronic format.
Topic:
Web sites  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Museums -- Collection management  Search this
Illustrated books  Search this
Genre/Form:
Electronic records
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-197, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Website Records
Identifier:
Accession 15-197
See more items in:
Website Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa15-197
Additional Online Media:

Romyn Hitchcock photographs of Ainu people, Japan, and Korea

Creator:
Hitchcock, Romyn, 1851-1923  Search this
Extent:
200 prints (circa 200 prints: albumen, cyanotype, silver gelatin, halftone)
Culture:
Koreans  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Ainu  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Place:
Japan
Korea
Date:
circa 1885-1895
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting Ainu people and villages and Japanese boats, paintings, artifacts, structures, burial mound, tombs, and scenery. They also include some images of people and a village in Korea. Many of the mounted prints have been annotated for publication, some for the 1890 Annual Report of the National Museum.
Biographical/Historical note:
Romyn Hitchcock (1851-1923), was a Smithsonian curator, scientist and author with degrees in chemistry from Cornell University and Columbia University. He spent four years curating for the Smithsonian's National Museum. In 1887, Hitchcock was put in charge of photographic work for the United States Eclipse Expedition to Japan and appointed professor of English at the Koto Chu Gakko, the Japanese government school in Osaka. His studies in Japan led to a number of articles in the Smithsonian Annual Reports in 1890 and 1891. In the early 1890s, he became a commissioner to China for the World Columbian Exposition and later served as an official of the exposition.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-38
Location of Other Archival Materials:
R.M. Bartleman photographs of Venezuela, previously filed in 77-38, have been relocated to National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 156.
Photographs in the Hitchcock Collection, previously filed in Photo Lot 97 and Photo Lot 8, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 77-38. These photographs were also made by Romyn Hitchcock and form part of this collection.
Hitchcock donated artifacts from Japan, China, and Sri Lanka to the Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, in accessions 022393, 022392, 055059, 021640, 021675, 022518, 021963, 022633, 025499, 014786, 021689, and 023462.
The Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections at Cornell University Library holds Romyn Hitchcock's papers.
See others in:
Romyn Hitchcock photographs of Ainu people, Japan, and Korea, circa 1885-1895
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Mounds -- Japan  Search this
Painting, Japanese  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Villages  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Cyanotypes
Citation:
Photo lot 77-38, Romyn Hitchcock photographs of Japan and Korean and Ainu people, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-38
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-38

Victor Krantz photographs of Okinawa and Honshu

Creator:
Krantz, Victor  Search this
Extent:
364 prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
prints
Place:
Japan
Okinawa Island (Japan)
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made during Victor Krantz's service with the United States Air Force in Japan. They include images of hotels, shrines, and other buildings; street and market scenes; dancers at Obon festival; people engaged in art, crafts, agriculture, games, and household activities; market scenes; and boats.
Biographical/Historical note:
Victor Krantz (1928-2005) was a Smithsonian photographer (1965-1993) and chief of photography at the National Museum of Natural History. He was stationed in Japan while serving in the United States Air Force (1952-1958).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-18
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Markets  Search this
Japanese -- Agriculture  Search this
Architecture -- Japan  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 73-18, Victor Krantz photographs of Okinawa and Honshu, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-18
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-18

MS 7337 Government decree against gambling

Creator:
Japan  Search this
Culture:
Japanese -- Gambling  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1789
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7337
Local Note:
Photograph of a manuscript document
Citation:
Manuscript 7337, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7337
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7337

Betty Meggers postcard collection of Japan

Collector:
Meggers, Betty Jane  Search this
Extent:
2 photographic postcards
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Postcards
Date:
circa 1933
Scope and Contents note:
Collection of two postcards, including a hand-tinted image of two Japanese women bowing to one another and an image of the "Hakurin-tei" pavillion, an example of Korean Buddhist-style architecture, at Fujiyama Garden, Shirongane, Shiba district, Tokyo. The postcards were sent to Betty Meggers in Washington, DC, circa 1933.
Biographical/Historical note:
Betty Jane Meggers (1921-2012) was an archeologist of South America and the Caribbean. At the age of sixteen, she started working at the Smithsonian Institution, assisting in the restoration of pottery from New Mexico. She graduated from the Universities of Pennsylvania and Michigan and received her PhD from Columbia University in 1952. She conducted fieldwork and published findings both individually and with her husband, Clifford Evans. Meggers had met Evans while he was a fellow archeology graduate student at Columbia and she later assisted him after his appointment as a curator in the National Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82-73A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Japanese postcards can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 97, Photo Lot 86-37, and Photo Lot 89-16.
The National Museum of American History Archives Center and Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives also hold Japanese postcards.
Photographs of Betty Meggers can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 80-17, Photo Lot 83-15, and the BAE historical negatives.
Correspondence from Meggers can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 7525 and the papers of Clifford Evans, John Joseph Honigmann, William Duncan Strong, John Victor Murra, Albert Clanton Spaulding, Frank Maryl Setzler, and John Lawrence Angel.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Postcards
Citation:
Photo lot 82-73A, Betty Meggers postcard collection of Japan, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82-73A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82-73a

Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore photographs relating to Japan and China

Creator:
Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah, 1856-1928  Search this
Names:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Thompson, E. B. (Ezra Bowen), 1865-1951 (possible photographer or publisher)  Search this
Extent:
50 Negatives (glass)
23 Negatives (nitrate)
120 lantern slides
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Chinese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Lantern slides
Photographs
Place:
Japan
China
Philippines
South America
Date:
circa 1914-1916
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made and collected by Scidmore documenting life in Japan and China. They depict people, agriculture, crafting and jewelry, and natural and urban settings. Some additional photographs were made in South America and possibly the Philippines. The collection includes lantern slides published by the William H. Jackson Photo and Publishing Company of Denver and E. B. Thompson of Washington, DC.
Biographical/Historical note:
Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore (1856-1928) was an author, journalist, lecturer, and collector who traveled extensively and helped to bring the Japanese cherry blossoms to Washington, DC. She spent her early life in Madison, Wisconsin, and then moved during the Civil War to Washington, DC, with her mother and brother. She was educated for two years at Oberlin College before obtaining a position as a newspaper correspondent covering the capitalʹs social scene. Her career as a travel writer began in 1883 during a trip to Alaska which she documented in her first book, Alaska, Its Southern Coast and the Sitkan Archipelago (published 1885). Shortly thereafter, she lived for long periods of time in southern and eastern Asia, particularly in China, India, Japan, Java, and the Philippines. Scidmore promoted intercultural understanding and cooperation and particularly encouraged the relationship between America and Japan, where her brother served as a Consul General in Yokohama. She was decorated by the Japanese emperor for her sympathetic reporting of Japanʹs treatment of prisoners of war during the Russo-Japanese War. Though Scidmore contributed articles to many popular magazines, she was most active for National Geographic (between 1893 and 1914) and her photographs accompanied many articles. She also served on the National Geographic staff and on its board of managers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 139
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs made and collected by Scidmore are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 97 and in the National Geographic Society archives.
The Department of Anthropology collections holds several artifacts donated by Scidmore.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Handicraft  Search this
Transportation -- Japan  Search this
Agriculture -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 139, Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore photographs relating to Japan and China, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.139
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-139
Additional Online Media:

Herman Pailet photographs and postcard collection from the Philippines

Creator:
Pailet, Herman  Search this
Names:
United States. Army  Search this
Extent:
9 Negatives (glass)
426 Negatives (nitrate)
220 Postcards (circa)
165 Prints (circa, silver gelatin (some photographic postcards))
Culture:
Negritos  Search this
Igorot (Philippine people)  Search this
Ifugao (Philippine people)  Search this
Bagobo (Philippine people)  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Tausug (Philippine people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Postcards
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Philippines
Date:
1909-1914
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs documenting United States military personnel, activities, and installations in the Philippines, as well as Philippine cities and landscapes, indigenous tribes, and some Japanese people. Many of the postcards are made from Pailet's photographs.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herman Pailet (1890-1991) was a member of the United States Army stationed in the Philippines, circa 1912-1914.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-7
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and not available for viewing. Copy negatives available for reference.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-7, Herman Pailet photographs and postcard collection from the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-7
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-7

Gazetteer tear sheet

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Extent:
1 page (24 cm x 32.5 cm)
Culture:
Japanese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
pages
Gazetteers
Date:
ca. 1890
Scope and Contents:
Entries include Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, Osaka, Sakai, and Tōkaidō (regions of the Eastern Ocean). Also refers to road extending from Kyoto to Tokyo and passing through provinces bordering on the Pacific Ocean.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7160
Local Note:
Data furnished by Chang-su Houchins, of the Department of Anthropology. Mrs. Houchins consulted Edmond Papinot, Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Japan, Ann Arbor, 1948.
Manuscript Document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Japan -- Gazetteers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gazetteers
Citation:
Manuscript 7160, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7160
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7160

Elizabeth Gordon Papers

Creator:
Gordon, Elizabeth, 1906-2000  Search this
Names:
Claiborne, Craig  Search this
Gordon, Elizabeth, 1906-2000  Search this
Leach, Bernard  Search this
Extent:
3 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Periodicals
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers
Place:
Japan
Date:
1958-1987
Summary:
Papers, 1959-1987, of Elizabeth Gordon, editor of the periodical, House Beautiful from 1941-1964, mostly related to her research for the August and September 1960 issues of House Beautiful regarding the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui", and the subsequent travelling "shibui exhibition" from 1961-1964. Included are correspondence, some photocopies, 1959-1963; notes; drafts for articles and lectures; printed material including magazine and newspaper clippings, 1959-1987; 2 books, and exhibition announcements; drawings of paper and foil art; a photo album containing photos of exhibition installations; and photographs, slides, color transparencies, and lantern slides depicting people, sites, and objects reflecting the "shibui" aesthetic.
Scope and Contents:
The Elizabeth Gordon Papers measure 4.5 linear feet and span the years 1959-1987. The collection mainly documents Ms. Gordon's research for the August and September 1960 issues of House Beautiful regarding the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui", and the subsequent travelling "shibui exhibition" from 1961-1964. Included are correspondence, some photocopies, 1959-1963; research notes and materials; articles; lectures; printed material including magazine and newspaper clippings, 1959-1987; 2 books, and exhibition announcements; article materials; a photo album containing photos of exhibition installations; and photographs, slides, color transparencies, and lantern slides depicting people, sites, and objects reflecting the "shibui" aesthetic.
Arrangement note:
This collection is organized into eight series. 1. Biographical data, 2. Shibui research, 3. Shibui issues of, House Beautiful, 4. Correspondence, 5. Shibui promotion, 6. Exhibition files, 7. Printed materials, and 8. Photographs.
Biographical Information:
Born in Logansport, Indiana in 1906, Elizabeth Gordon served as editor of House Beautiful magazine 1941 to 1964. Ms. Gordon first became interested in Japanese aesthetics during the mid-1950s. As a result she began to read and study Japanese art, history and culture. In 1959, Gordon travelled to Japan with three staff people from, House Beautiful. In Kyoto she met Eiko Yuasa, a young woman then employed by the City of Kyoto to handle foreign V.I.P.s, who was assigned to assist Gordon during her stay there. It was Ms. Yuasa who, in the course of discussions of Japanese aesthetics, introduced the term "shibui." Around that term and its related concepts ("iki", "jimi", "hade") the theme for the issue began to crystallize. In August and September, 1960, House Beautiful, under the editorial control of Ms. Gordon, published two extremely popular issues devoted to the subject of "shibui". Due to the popularity of the issues, museum exhibits devoted to the concept of "shibui" travelled around the United States. Ms. Gordon died in Adamstown, Maryland in 2000.

Biographical Overview

1906 -- Born in Logansport, Indiana

1920s -- Attended the University of Chicago

1930s -- Moved to New York to work as a promotional copywriter for several newspapers

1930s -- Syndicated columnist on home maintenance for The New York Herald Tribune

1930s -- Editor at Good Housekeeping (here for 8 years)

1937 -- More House for your Money by Elizabeth Gordon and Dorothy Ducas published by W. Morrow and Company: New York.

1937 -- Married Carl Hafey Norcross

1939 -- Appointed editor of House Beautiful

1964 -- Left the magazine world

1972 -- Published a special issue on Scandinavian design and awarded the insignia of a knight, first class, in the Finnish Order of the Lion

1987 -- American Institute of Architects made her an honorary member

1988 -- Carl Hafey Norcross died

September 3, 2000 -- Died in Adamstown, MD

(The following biography of Elizabeth Gordon comes courtesy of curator Louise Cort. Written in consultation with Elizabeth Gordon, October 23, 1987)

The research papers, memoranda, magazines, books, photographs and color transparencies and other materials in this archives are related to the publication by Elizabeth Gordon (Mrs. Carl Norcross), editor of House Beautiful from 1941 to 1964 and creator of the August, 1960 issue of the magazine on the special theme of the Japanese aesthetic concept of "shibui". The "shibui issue" was followed by the September, 1960, issue of the same publication on the theme, "How to be shibui with American things." As a by-product of the issues, a "Shibui Exhibition" travelled to eleven museums in the United States during 1961-1964. Each exhibition was opened with a slide lecture by Elizabeth Gordon.

Miss Gordon first became curious about Japanese aesthetics in the mid-1950s when she began to see Japanese objects being displayed and used in the homes of Americans who had spent time in Japan during the Occupation and Japanese influence began to appear in wholesale showrooms of home furnishings manufacturers. It was clear that the time had come: she HAD to go to Japan!

She read for five years before going to Japan - history, social mores, art history. (Many of the books on Japan that she collected during this time have been presented to the library at the University of Maryland, College Park.)

An important bit of advice came from Alice Spaulding Bowen, owner of Pacifica, the highest quality shop of Asian antiquities in Honolulu, who told her, "Be sure to read, The Tale of Genji - then you'll understand everything."

She made her first trip to Japan in April, 1959, accompanied by three staff people from, House Beautiful. In Kyoto she met Eiko Yuasa, a young woman then employed by the City of Kyoto to handle foreign V.I.P.s, who was assigned to assist Miss Gordon during her stay there. It was Ms. Yuasa who, in the course of discussions of Japanese aesthetics, introduced the term "shibui." Around that term and its related concepts ("iki", "jimi", "hade") the theme for the issue began to crystallize.

Miss Gordon came home, planning to spend the summer researching "shibui" with the aid of the Japan Society. But she found virtually nothing written in English on the concept. So she returned to Japan in December, 1959 together with staff member Marion Gough, to dig deeper and to work out details and get better educated with Eiko Yuasa. One of their devices was to walk through department stores and discuss with sales personnel whether objects for sale were "shibui", or were "jimi" or "hade", and why. Between themselves, they did the same for the costumes of women they saw on the streets.

Lacking printed sources for information on "shibui", Miss Gordon sought out and interviewed experts, including Douglas Overton, head of the Japan Society in New York. In Japan in December, 1959, she met Yanagi Soetsu, founder of Japan's Folk Craft Movement and head of the Craft Museum in Tokyo (with an introduction from Tonomura Kichinosuke, head of the Craft Museum in Kurashiki). She met the chef Tsuji Kaichi, who was commissioned to write an article on "kaiseki" (that could not be used because of an inadequate English translation) and Frances Blakemore. She met several times with Bernard Leach and attended his lecture at Bonnier's while he was in New York in March, 1960. (He would later write a "fan letter" for the issue)

As the concept of "the shibui issue" began to take shape, a third trip in the spring of 1960 focused on photography - to produce the shooting script decided on the preceding December. This was executed by the noted photographer Ezra Stoller of Rye, New York, and John DeKoven Hill, House Beautiful's Editorial Director. (Mr. Hill worked with Frank Lloyd Wright except for the ten years that he was a member of the House Beautiful editorial staff)

Miss Gordon was back in Japan in Mid-August 1960 as the "shibui issue" was causing a sensation. Altogether she spent sixteen months in Japan.

As one of the experiences that influenced her strong interest in Japanese costumes and textiles, Miss Gordon remembers a spectacularly thorough exhibition at the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno on, 1200 Years of Japanese Costume. She saw it on the last day of its exhibition (possibly 1964).

The August 1960 issue sold out quickly. Copies of the magazine, which sold for fifty cents, were sold on the "black market" for ten dollars.

The publication of the August 1960 issue was followed by an unprecedented avalanche of "fan mail". Many department heads in colleges and universities, including the Harvard-Yenching Institute and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (where Miss Gordon had worked as an undergraduate) wrote to comment on the issue. Many people in other fields of endeavor wrote: heads of firms concerned with interior design, landscape architecture, and related areas expressed their interest in the concept of "shibui" Other writers include Bernard Leach, Gertrude Natzler, Laura Gilpin, Mainbocher, the architect Yoshimura Junzo, the textile artist Marianne Strengell, Walter Kerr, Craig Claiborne, and Oliver Statler.

The "shibui issue" was followed immediately by the September issue dealing with the use of non-Japanese objects to express the concept of "shibui." (Miss Gordon convinced her advertisers, who had been skeptical about the potential success of the August issue, by promising the September issue dealing with American products.) Four American firms were involved in the production of an integrated line of paints, wallpaper, furniture and carpets expressive of the concept. Products were designed by the firms' designers following the clues offered by objects and fabrics purchased by Miss Gordon in Japan in December 1959 and spring 1960. Miss Gordon has expressed her dissatisfaction with the September issue, although public opinion was positive. She feels that some of the firms failed in the "shibui" project, though some "caught" the message: namely the paint company and the fabric/wallpaper company.

In response to strong public interest, the House Beautiful staff prepared a travelling exhibition to introduce the concept of "shibui" through a series of vignettes, mixing fabrics and objects, colors and textures. The museum installation was designed by John Hill of House Beautiful. Japan Air Lines underwrote shipping costs.

The exhibition began in Philadelphia in late 1961. Ezra Stoller was sent to photograph the installation in considerable detail at the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts in January, 1962, so that his photographs cold serve as guidelines for installations at the other museums, which included the San Francisco Museum of Art (April 1962), the Newark Pubic Library, and the Honolulu Academy of Art. Miss Gordon presented a lecture on "shibui" at each of the museum installations.

In appreciation of her work to introduce Americans to the concept of "shibui", the city of Kyoto presented a bolt of especially "shibui" kimono fabric executed by a Living National Treasure textile artist. Miss Gordon eventually tailored the fabric into a dress and jacket. She received the 1961 Trail Blazer Award from the New York Chapter of the National Home Fashions League, Inc. In June, 1987, Miss Gordon was named an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, with her introduction of the concept of "shibui" and her promotion of an understanding of other culture cited as her major contributions to American architecture.
Provenance:
Elizabeth Gordon donated her papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1988.
Elizabeth Gordon donated her papers to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives in 1988.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
No restrictions on use.
Topic:
Interior decoration -- Periodicals  Search this
Landscape gardening  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Aesthetics, Japanese  Search this
House funishings  Search this
Interior decoration  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Interior decorators  Search this
Gardens -- Japan  Search this
Genre/Form:
Periodicals -- 1940-1970
Photographs
Correspondence
Personal papers -- 1950-2000
Citation:
The Elizabeth Gordon Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Elizabeth Gordon, 1988
Identifier:
FSA.A1988.03
See more items in:
Elizabeth Gordon Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1988-03
Additional Online Media:

Harry Brosius World War II Photograph Collection

Creator:
Brosius, Harry, 1921-[ca.1986]  Search this
Names:
United States. Army Air Forces. 113th Engineer Construction  Search this
United States. Army Air Forces. 1897th Aviation Engineers  Search this
Brosius, Harry, 1921-[ca.1986]  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 49 photographs taken by Brosius during his World War II career. The prints cover the following topics: the Japanese Surrender Delegation, Ie Shima, 1945, (with Douglas C-54 and Mitsubishi G4M in background); scenes from occupied Japan; derelict Japanese aircraft; nose art on Consolidated and North American aircraft; and group insignia and signs for the 113th Engineer Construction and 1897th Aviation Engineers Groups.
Biographical / Historical:
Harry Brosius (1921-1986?) was a Technician Fifth Grade in the 1897th Engineer Battalion that served in the Pacific Theater.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Florence Decker, gift, 1990, 1990-0049, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes, Military -- Decoration  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Japan -- History -- Allied occupation, 1945-1952  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1990.0049
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1990-0049

MS 7338 Decree against Christianity before the revolution (Meiji Restoration)

Creator:
Japan  Search this
Extent:
2 Sheets
Culture:
Japanese -- Religion  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sheets
Date:
March 1868
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7338
Local Note:
Data furnished by Chang-su Houchins, of the Department of Anthropology. Mrs. Houchins states "the issue date given in the original decree is Keiō yonen sangatsu (the third month in the fourth year of the Keiō period--March, 1868). Technically "return to the old monarchy" was proclaimed in January 1868, but the proclamation of Meiji, the new reign period was made in October. In the translation, by order of Inugami Prefecture should be corrected to read by order of the Inukami District [Shiga Department, now Shiga Prefecture]."
Photographic copy of a manuscript document
Topic:
Christianity -- Japan  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 7338, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7338
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7338

Mary Vance Trent photographs of Micronesia

Creator:
Trent, Mary Vance, 1914-1998  Search this
Names:
United States. Armed Forces  Search this
Extent:
578 color prints (circa 578 color prints)
521 color negatives (circa)
9 postcards (color halftone)
47 prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Chuukese (Micronesian people)  Search this
Ulithi  Search this
Pohnpei  Search this
Kosrae  Search this
Yapese (Micronesian people)  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Taiwanese  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
color prints
color negatives
postcards
prints
Postcards
Photographs
Place:
New Hampshire
Saipan
Palau
Yap (Micronesia)
Washington (D.C.)
Boston (Mass.)
Cape Cod (Mass.)
Micronesia
Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Guam
Pohnpei Island (Micronesia)
Date:
circa 1972-1976
bulk 1972-1974
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made during Mary Vance Trent's time in Micronesia, including in Guam, Saipan, Palau, Yap, Pohnpei, and the Marshall Islands and Taipei. The images depict towns, buildings and other remains of the Japanese and Spanish occupations, boats, airplanes, houses and hotels, US military events, aerial views, and people (including residents and United States and United Nations delegates). The collection also includes some photographs made in Cape Cod, Boston, Washington, DC, and New Hampshire, as well as commercial postcards with images of Saipan and other Mariana Islands.
Biographical/Historical note:
Mary Vance Trent (1914-1998) was a foreign service officer for the State Department. She represented the US in the Pacific Islands, including in Samoa and Tonga (1969-1972), and acted as political advisor during the transition of Micronesia from a US territory to a municipality of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (1972-1974). Over her career, Trent acquired many Polynesian and Micronesian objects, some of which she donated to the Smithsonian.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 97-15
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Artifacts collected by Trent in Polynesia, Micronesia, and New Guinea held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accession 416128.
The Library of Congress holds the Mary Vance Trent Papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Hotels  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Boats and boating  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 97-15, Mary Vance Trent photographs of Micronesia, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.97-15
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-97-15

Fred S. Rosenau Papers

Source:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Creator:
Rosenau, Fred Simon  Search this
Former owner:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Names:
United States. Office of War Information  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Leaflets
Correspondence
Newspapers
Booklets
Maps
Matchcovers
Newsletters
Clippings
Menus
Place:
Calcutta (India) -- 1940-1950
India -- 1940-1950
Thailand -- 1940-1950
Burma -- 1940-1950
China -- 1940-1950
India -- description and travel -- 1901-1946
Date:
1944-1945
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains both the personal papers of Fred Rosenau and examples of air-dropped psychological warfare literature created by the O.W.I. Amongst his personal papers, which constitute the first series, there are information guidebooks and language aids for India and Burma, a large number of Indian newspaper articles, and photographs taken by Rosenau in Calcutta. However, letters to his family in New York City compose the bulk of the personal series. Along with detailing the experience of a young American living in India and his reactions to a distinctly different culture, the letters document the organization of his O.W.I. office and the duties of its workers. In one particular letter, dated January 7, 1945, (which was hand-delivered to his family and thus avoided censorship) Rosenau was able to write freely about his work, colleagues, and responsibilities in Calcutta. In addition, there are letters from the O.W.I. headquarters in New Delhi to Rosenau, including one in which the proposed post-war job was offered.

The second series contains general information about the O.W.I. and its aims. It mainly consists of documents and photographs relating to Rosenau's office. The series includes many examples of propaganda leaflets directed towards the Burmese and Thai peoples (with attached translations) which were produced by the Calcutta team. The representative works include news bulletins on the war's progress, warnings about future Allied bombings, and a variety of anti-Japanese and morale-boosting literature. It also includes examples of leaflets dropped over Japan, which were directed at soldiers rather than civilians in an attempt to undermine their faith in the military leaders. Click here to go to provenance and related collections note.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Personal Experience of Fred S. Rosenau

Series 2: Psychological Warfare
Biographical / Historical:
Fred Simon Rosenau was a student at Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania, when he joined the Overseas Branch of the Office of War Information (O.W.I.) in May 1944. After completing training at an unidentified military base camp, Rosenau traveled to Calcutta, India, where he served as Assistant Representative under the directorship of Mr. Teg Grondahl. The Calcutta office was part of the China-Burma-India (CBI) theater and as such its psychological warfare activities were directed towards Burma and Thailand. Initially Rosenau was responsible for leaflet production, including supervising their printing and delivery to air crews, as well as serving as an assistant to Grondahl. By the spring of 1945, however, Rosenau's role had been expanded and he was given new charges in the intelligence field, becoming more directly involved in the development and editing of "strategic" literature.

While in Calcutta, Rosenau lived in a series of different boarding houses. When he was not working (by the summer of 1945, his work load had been substantially reduced), he devoted his spare time to writing letters home, sightseeing around the city and neighboring areas of Bengal, and attending local cultural events. However, the heat and lack of proper sanitary conditions continued to frustrate Rosenau as he attempted to adjust to an Asian lifestyle.

Once the Japanese had surrendered in September 1945 and World War II had officially ended, Rosenau was offered a position by the Director of Psychological Warfare in India--William Carter--to join a new O.W.I news operation in Bangkok, Thailand. Its intent, as explained to Rosenau, was to fulfill the "need for American news" in Asia. Rosenau declined the offer since he was dissatisfied with the proposed salary and wanted to complete his college education. He left for the United States on the S.S. Muir in late September. Later, he attended the University of Chicago and received his bachelor of arts degree in 1947. His subsequent career is unknown. Rosenau died in 1985.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC #60) contains some three hundred posters from World War I and II.

Princeton University Poster Collection (AC 433) has over 10,600 World War I and II posters.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Armed Forces History Division of the NMAH in January 1986, by Lucy W. Rosenau, daughter of Fred Rosenau. It was transferred to the Archives Center in January 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
"Yank"  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Propaganda  Search this
Chinese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
Japanese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives  Search this
Burmese language -- 1940-1950  Search this
Propaganda, Anti-Japanese -- 1940-1950  Search this
Psychological warfare -- 1940-1950  Search this
Leaflets dropped from aircraft -- 1940-1950  Search this
Propaganda, American -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Burma  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- China  Search this
Thai language -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Pamphlets  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- India  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Leaflets -- 1940-1950
Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Newspapers -- 1940-1950
Booklets -- 1940-1950
Maps -- 1940-1950
Matchcovers -- 1940-1950
Newsletters -- 1940-1950
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Menus -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Fred S. Rosenau Papers, 1944-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0478
See more items in:
Fred S. Rosenau Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0478

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