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Algonquian

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986  Search this
Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
2 Boxes
Culture:
Cheyenne language  Search this
Fox  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Miami  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Montauk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Piscataway (Conoy)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Vocabulary
Date:
circa 1907-circa 1957
Scope and Contents:
This subseries of the Northeast/Southeast series contains John P. Harrington's Algonquian research. It consists primarily of material he collected; there is very little original data, most of which are undated. The topics covered are Cheyenne grammar, Fox linguistic notes, Menominee grammar, Miami-Peoria grammar, Mohegan-Pequot-Montauk vocabulary, Montagnais miscellaneous notes, Nanticoke-Conoy-Unalachtigo linguistic notes, Ojibwa linguistic notes, Potawatomi linguistic notes, and comparative and miscellaneous notes.

The Cheyenne material consist of two pages of grammatical excerpts from Rodolphe Petter's English-Cheyenne Dictionary (1915).

The Fox notes stem from conversations which Harrington had with Truman Michelson on the Fox syllabary and grammar. One note is dated September 24, 1924; others are undated. One page gives the etymology of the word Chicago and a Potawatomi equivalent. Phonetic material (former B.A.E. MS 6021 pt. and 6025pt.) is based on William Jones's "Algonquian (Fox)" (1911). A bibliography is included, mainly on Michelson's publications and manuscripts which he submitted to the B.A.E.

The Menominee files contain a phonetic key from Leonard Bloomfield's Menomini Texts (1928), a short report on a conversation with Michelson (former B.A.E. MS 6025pt. and 6030), and a brief description of Menominee tentshaking was excerpted from W. J. Hoffman's The Menomini Indians (1896).

Miami-Peoria vocabulary were copied from Albert Gatschet's B.A.E. manuscripts 3025 and 3026b. (Those entries marked 3026b are no longer listed as part of that B.A.E. manuscript.)

An 1890 copy of a 1798 Montauk vocabulary taken by John Lyon Gardiner was loaned to Harrington by Foster H. Saville. There are also a three-page typescript of this manuscript and several pages of a Mohegan-Pequot bibliography.

For Montagnais, there are three bibliographical notes. Two placenames came from J.N.B. Hewitt in November 1926.

Reading notes on Nanticoke, Conoy, and Unalachtigo were taken principally from Speck's The Nanticoke and Conoy Indians . .. (1927) and from Hodge's "Handbook" (1907). Some linguistic and ethnohistoric material is included and there is a brief bibliography.

Ojibwa forms the largest portion of this subseries. It includes notes from a joint interview conducted most likely in 1940 with C. F. Voegelin and his informant, Gregor McGregor, who was technically considered a speaker of Ottawa. There are also notes Harrington took of Voegelin's lecture at the University of Michigan on June 25, 1940 (former B.A.E. MS 6020pt.). There is a slight emphasis on placenames in an otherwise random vocabulary. From James Hammond Trumbull's Notes on Forty Algonkin Versions of the Lord's Prayer (1873), Harrington copied the Southern Chippeway version (pp. 74 -75) and penciled in a slightly different English translation. A final potpourri of undated notes includes a miscellaneous vocabulary from secondary sources and a few pages of grammatical material. The etymologies of several Ojibwa words are briefly developed. Frederic Baraga's A Dictionary of the Otchipwe Language is the most frequently cited source (former B.A.E. MS 6020pt. and 6025pt.).

The Potawatomi files contain material from Harrington's interview with Chief Simon Kahquados in Blackwell, Wisconsin (n.d.) with whom he recorded general ethnographic information, particularly regarding the loss of Potawatomi lands due to Indian Office policies and illegal acts of the Menominee. A brief vocabulary is included. Unrelated to this interview is a Potawatomi phoneme chart.

Comparative material includes reading notes regarding the earliest appearances of certain Algonquian phonetic sounds. Harrington consulted primarily the works of Sir Isaac Pitman, Jean Claude Mathevet (Nipissing, Abnaki), and Silas Tertius Rand (Micmac). Additional peripheral bibliographical information is identified in the notes. The only date recorded is March 26, 1951. There are other scattered reading notes with Menominee, Cree, Fox, and Ojibwa phonetic comparisons, based mainly on Leonard Bloomfield's Menomini Texts (1938) and Plains Cree Texts (1934). One page of Arapaho terms was copied from Kroeber.

In the category of general linguistic and ethnographic notes (former B.A.E. ms. 6025pt.), information results from various conversations with fellow linguists: Truman Michelson and J.N.B. Hewitt on September 24, 1924; Hewitt in November 1924 and November 1926; Michelson in October 1930; and Michelson and Frank G. Speck in May 1934. Under the heading "The Southern Delawares," Harrington arranged random information on the Virginia Indians, touching briefly on history and ethnography. He included some Abnaki, Cree, and Cherokee linguistic terms, as well as a general bibliography. Vocabulary material in this series (former B.A.E. MS 6025pt.) consists of terms from various Algonquian languages, most probably taken from unidentified printed sources. One note gives "The Chief from Mass[achusetts]" as an informant. One group of terms is compared with Natick words and with a vocabulary recorded by Roger Williams.
Local Numbers:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Algonquian languages  Search this
Abenaki language  Search this
Cree language  Search this
Cherokee language  Search this
Cheyenne language  Search this
Fox language  Search this
Menominee language  Search this
Miami language (Ind. and Okla.)  Search this
Mohegan language  Search this
Montagnais language  Search this
Nanticoke language  Search this
Ojibwa language  Search this
Potawatomi language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Meskwaki; Sauk & Fox  Search this
Genre/Form:
Vocabulary
Collection Citation:
John Peabody Harrington papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
The preferred citation for the Harrington Papers will reference the actual location within the collection, i.e. Box 172, Alaska/Northwest Coast, Papers of John Peabody Harrington, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

However, as the NAA understands the need to cite phrases or vocabulary on specific pages, a citation referencing the microfilmed papers is acceptable. Please note that the page numbering of the PDF version of the Harrington microfilm does not directly correlate to the analog microfilm frame numbers. If it is necessary to cite the microfilmed papers, please refer to the specific page number of the PDF version, as in: Papers of John Peabody Harrington, Microfilm: MF 7, R34 page 42.
Identifier:
NAA.1976-95, Subseries 6.1
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers
John Peabody Harrington papers / Series 6: Native American History, Language, and Culture of the Northeast & Southeast
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw320d52ed8-2a4a-49a7-b5a3-67bbc9806544
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-95-ref14792

Community Anthropology at the Smithsonian. American Anthropological Association. Anthropology Newsletter, October: 23-24.. 1998.Stubborn Independence: An Essay on the Innu and Archaeology.

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1996
Citation:
Loring, Stephen. 1996. "Community Anthropology at the Smithsonian. American Anthropological Association. Anthropology Newsletter, October: 23-24.. 1998."Stubborn Independence: An Essay on the Innu and Archaeology."." Bringing Back the Past, Historical Perspectives on Canadian Archaeology, ed.Pamela Jane Smith and Donald Mitchell, 259–276.
Identifier:
115886
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_115886

To Please the Animal Master: The Innu Hunting Way of Life

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1996
Citation:
Loring, Stephen. 1996. "To Please the Animal Master: The Innu Hunting Way of Life." Tribal College, 7, (4) 20–23.
Identifier:
115901
ISSN:
1052-5505
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_115901

Past and future pathways: Innu cultural heritage in the twenty-first century

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Ashini, D.  Search this
Editor:
Smith, Claire  Search this
Ward, Graeme  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2000
Citation:
Loring, Stephen and Ashini, D. 2000. "Past and future pathways: Innu cultural heritage in the twenty-first century." In Indigenous Cultures in an Interconnected World. Smith, Claire and Ward, Graeme, editors. 167–189. St. Leonards, Australia: Allen and Unwin.
Identifier:
101778
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_101778

On the trail to the caribou house: some reflections on Innu caribou hunters in northern Ntessinan (Labrador)

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
1999
Citation:
Loring, Stephen. 1999. "On the trail to the caribou house: some reflections on Innu caribou hunters in northern Ntessinan (Labrador)." In Caribou and reindeer hunters of the Northern Hemisphere. 185–220. In Worldwide archaeology series.
Identifier:
131055
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_131055

At home in the wilderness: the Mushuau Innu and caribou

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Editor:
Bergerud, A. T.  Search this
Luttich, Stuart N.  Search this
Camps, Lodewijk  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2008
Citation:
Loring, Stephen. 2008. "At home in the wilderness: the Mushuau Innu and caribou." In The return of caribou to Ungava. Bergerud, A. T., Luttich, Stuart N., and Camps, Lodewijk, editors. 123–134. Montreal: McGill-Queen's.
Identifier:
30542
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_30542

An Appreciation of “Something Fiercely Desirable”

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Editor:
Heyes, Scott A.  Search this
Helgen, Kristofer M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2009
Citation:
Loring, Stephen. 2009. "An Appreciation of “Something Fiercely Desirable”." In Mammals of Ungava and Labrador: The 1882–1884 Fieldnotes of Lucien M. Turner Together with Inuit and Innu Knowledge. Heyes, Scott A. and Helgen, Kristofer M., editors. xxv-xxvi.
Identifier:
118689
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_118689

Editors' Preface

Author:
Heyes , Scott A.  Search this
Helgen, Kristofer M.  Search this
Editor:
Heyes, Scott A.  Search this
Helgen, Kristofer M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2009
Citation:
Heyes , Scott A. and Helgen, Kristofer M. 2009. "Editors' Preface." In Mammals of Ungava and Labrador: The 1882–1884 Fieldnotes of Lucien M. Turner Together with Inuit and Innu Knowledge. Heyes, Scott A. and Helgen, Kristofer M., editors. xix-xx.
Identifier:
118688
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_118688

Two Extraordinary Years: The Editors’ Reflections on Lucien Turner’s Contributions to Mammalogy and Anthropology in Ungava and Labrador

Author:
Heyes , Scott A.  Search this
Helgen, Kristofer M.  Search this
Editor:
Heyes, Scott A.  Search this
Helgen, Kristofer M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2009
Citation:
Heyes , Scott A. and Helgen, Kristofer M. 2009. "Two Extraordinary Years: The Editors’ Reflections on Lucien Turner’s Contributions to Mammalogy and Anthropology in Ungava and Labrador." In Mammals of Ungava and Labrador: The 1882–1884 Fieldnotes of Lucien M. Turner Together with Inuit and Innu Knowledge. Heyes, Scott A. and Helgen, Kristofer M., editors. xxvii-xlv.
Identifier:
118690
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_118690

Mammals of Ungava and Labrador: the 1882-1884 fieldnotes of Lucien M. Turner together with Inuit and Innu knowledge

Author:
Turner, Lucien McShan  Search this
Editor:
Heyes, Scott A.  Search this
Helgen, Kristofer M.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2014
Citation:
Turner, Lucien McShan. 2014. Mammals of Ungava and Labrador: the 1882-1884 fieldnotes of Lucien M. Turner together with Inuit and Innu knowledge, Heyes, Scott A. and Helgen, Kristofer M., editors. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.
Identifier:
118485
ISBN:
9781935623212
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_118485

Pour ramener l’été: À la recherché d’une concordance entre l’histoire innue et l’archéologie.

Author:
Loring, Stephen  Search this
Arbour, Chelsee  Search this
Ashini, Napes  Search this
Jenkinson, Anthony  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Year:
2018
Citation:
Loring, Stephen, Arbour, Chelsee, Ashini, Napes, and Jenkinson, Anthony. 2018. "Pour ramener l’été: À la recherché d’une concordance entre l’histoire innue et l’archéologie." Recherches Amérindiennes au Québec, XLVIII, (3) 41–54.
Identifier:
150891
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries and Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:slasro_150891

Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1428 Negatives (photographic)
40 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Montagnais Innu  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Maliseet (Malecite)  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Penobscot  Search this
Passamaquoddy  Search this
Abenaki (Abnaki)  Search this
Wampanoag  Search this
Nauset  Search this
Mohegan  Search this
Niantic  Search this
Pequot  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Rappahannock  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Pamunkey  Search this
Mattaponi  Search this
Nansemond  Search this
Catawba  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Machapunga (Pungo River)  Search this
Innu  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
Massachusetts
Maine
Maryland
Virginia
Canada
Delaware
North Carolina
Date:
1909-1937
Summary:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes portraits of individuals and families, as well as scenic shots and landscape views made between 1909 and 1937. Speck was an anthropologist and ethnographer, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collecting ethnographic materials across the Eastern United States and Canada. His collection of photographs includes materials from native communities ranging from Newfoundland to Ontario in Canada and from Maine to South Carolina in the United States.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection includes negatives and a small amount of prints made by Speck throughout the course of his career as an anthropologist and ethnographer. The majority of the photographs in this collection were made while Speck conducted field trips on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1924 and 1932, though there are photographs from before and after this time. This collection has been arranged into Series by geographical location and then into subseries by culture group or community. Series 1: Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat, 1916-1935; Series 2: Quebec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, 1910-1937; Series 3: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, 1909-1917; Series 4: Ontario: Six Nations/Grand River (Naticoke, Mohawk, Cayuga, Mahican, Tutelo), Oneida Nation, 1914-1937; Series 5: Maine and New Hampshire: Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, 1910-1924; Series 6: Massachussets and Rhode Island: Wampanoag, Nauset, 1914-1931; Series 7: Connecticut: Mohegan, Niantic, Schaghticoke, Pequot, 1912-1931; Series 8: Delaware: Nanticoke and Rappahanock, 1911-1925; Series 9: Virginia and Maryland: Rappahanock, Chickahominy, Pamunkey, Mattaponi, Nansemond, Potomac, Accomac, Powhatan, 1915-1924; Series 10: North Carolina and South Carolina: Catawba, Eastern Band of Cherokee, 1915-1930.

Many of Frank Speck's photographs are individual and family portraits of community members, many identified, posed outdoors in front of homes and community buildings. There are also landscape views as well as photographs taken during community events. There are a small amount of photographs that have now been restricted due to cultural sensitivity though for the most part Speck did not photograph culturally sensitive activities.
Arrangement:
The collection is intellectually arranged in 10 Series by geographic region and within each series by culture group. The negatives are physically arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)
Related Materials:
The Frank G. Speck Papers can be found at the American Philosophical Society (Mss.Ms.Coll.126) along with additional photographic materials by Speck.
Frank Speck published extensively in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation publications; "Indian Notes" and "Indian Notes and Monographs." These publications are avialable through the Smithsonian Institution Libraries or online on the Internet Archive.
Separated Materials:
A small amount of notes from Speck's field work can be found in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 273, Folder 18 through Box 274 Folder 2.

Close to 4000 ethnographic and archeological items were collected by Speck for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and are now in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) collection. For more information about these objects contact the NMAI Collections Department.
Provenance:
The majority of the negatives were gifted to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) by Frank Speck in 1927. The group of Nanticoke photographs were purchased by the MAI in 1915 and smaller amounts of photographs were gifted and purchased by the MAI between 1923 and 1942.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Maine  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Maryland  Search this
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts  Search this
Indians of North America -- Canada  Search this
Indians of North America -- Delaware  Search this
Indians of North America -- Midwest  Search this
Indians of North America -- Virginia  Search this
Indians of North America -- North Carolina  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a7ad21af-6cc2-49e2-a636-bcf01e1c4dc6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-032
Online Media:

Newfoundland and Labrador: Innu, Mushuaunnuat

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
66 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Innu [Pakuashipi (Saint Augustin)]  Search this
Innu [Sheshatshit (Northwest River)]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1916-1935
Scope and Contents:
This series includes negatives that Frank Speck made among various Newfoundland and Labrador communities in Canada between 1916 and 1935. The majority were taken in 1927 among the Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi) and in 1935 among the Innu [Pakuashipi (Saint Augustin). There are a smaller amount of photographs from 1916 and 1924 from additional Innu and Mi'kmaq (Micmac) communities.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Series 1
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4cf1f5e9e-b36d-4021-9f08-060a270a2523
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref510

Québec: Innu, Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg

Collection Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Extent:
499 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Innu [Kiskissink]  Search this
Innu [Mashteuiatsh (Pointe-Bleue, Quebec)]  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Innu [Nutashkuan (Nataskwan)]  Search this
Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]  Search this
Lorette Huron  Search this
Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg (Maniwaki Algonquin) [River Desert]  Search this
Innu [Moisie]  Search this
Innu [Essipit (Escoumains)]  Search this
Innu [Lac Saint Jean (Lake Saint John)]  Search this
Innu [Pakuashipi (Saint Augustin)]  Search this
Mushuaunnuat (Barren Ground Naskapi)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1910-1937
Scope and Contents:
This series includes negatives that Frank Speck made among various Québec communities between 1910 and 1937. The majority of the photographs were shot in Innu communities in the Saguenay-Lac Saint Jean and Côte Nord Regions in the 1920s. Additional photographs were made among the Mistassini Cree, Lorette Huron, Wawenock, Mohawk, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg communities.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank Speck photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.032, Series 2
See more items in:
Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv438189a2c-8e4f-4ade-9f6d-a2e0cb2be3f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-032-ref511

Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
33 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1925
Scope and Contents:
The photographs in this subseries were taken by Frederick Johnson as undergraduate student in 1925 among the Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)] or Innu Takuaikan Uashat Mak Mani-Utenam in Quebec, Canada. Also known as the Naskapi at Seven Islands (Sept Iles), Johnson photographed daily activity on the reserve as well as outdoor portraits of men, women and dogs. These portraits include individuals and groups posed and unposed in front of buildings and landscapes. None of the individuals in this series have been identified.
N14767-N14800
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Subseries 2.1
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4449d9a57-59cf-4d54-bccd-7106485ee88f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref550

Innu [Mashteuiatsh (Pointe-Bleue, Quebec)] and Mistassini Cree

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
33 Negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Innu [Mashteuiatsh (Pointe-Bleue, Quebec)]  Search this
Mistassini Cree  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1926
1930
Scope and Contents:
The photographs in this subseries were taken during two separate trips by Frederick Johnson to Lac Saint Jean in Quebec in 1926 and 1930. Both trips were to the Mashteuiatsh reserve, formerly called Ouiatchouan, which is located on a headland jutting out of the western shore of Lac Saint Jean, known as Pointe-Bleu. In 1926, as an undergraduate student, Johnson photographed Innu (Montagnais) community members Luke Simon, Rene Basil, Alexandre Metacic in various locations around the reserve. When Johnson returned to Pointe-Bleue in 1930 there were also Mistassini Cree men, women and children on the reserve whom he photographed playing various hunting games. These include "Rabbit Hunting" and "Shooting the Otter." Johnson also took additional portraits of unidentified Innu community members around the Mashteuiatsh reserve.
N14801-N14813, N19140-N19159
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47f309905-ee99-4175-acb9-dddaa7a2c54f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref551

Portrait of Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)] Man

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1925 Summer
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of an Innu young man wearing a cotton shirt with collar of a different fabric, striped tie with a young boy behind him. Wooden clapboard or shingled house or structure in background, with a church with steeple and another structure beyond on the Uashat-Maliotenam reserve, Sept-Îles, Quebec.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Item N14767
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities / 2.1: Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv48bb19608-a998-4634-8a4f-e26acecbb779
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref738

Portrait of Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)] Woman

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1925 Summer
Scope and Contents:
Young woman, of French and Innu descent, seated on a rail fence in front of a wooden clapboard house, shed, and fence on the Uashat-Maliotenam reserve, Sept-Îles, Quebec. She wears a high-waisted dress with a brooch.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Item N14768
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities / 2.1: Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv42cb2d03b-07e3-4459-bfd9-7f527199dfbe
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref739

Portrait of Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)] Man

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1925 Summer
Scope and Contents:
Outdoor portrait of an Innu man posed in front of a wooden clapboard shed on the Uashat-Maliotenam reserve, Sept-Îles, Quebec. He wears a European suit jacket and pants, and a white knitted sweater, pen in top pocket, and various badges and pins, some with a maple leaf design.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Item N14769
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities / 2.1: Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a958391d-6582-4a5a-afd4-8ae59ad3805b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref740

Group of Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)] Men

Collection Creator:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1925 Summer
Scope and Contents:
Group of Innu men and a boy seated on the front porch of a wooden shingled structure on the Uashat-Maliotenam reserve, Sept-Îles, Quebec. Man in front appears to be carving a piece of wood with a crooked/curved knife.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.

Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frederick Johnson photograph collection, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.038, Item N14770
See more items in:
Frederick Johnson photograph collection
Frederick Johnson photograph collection / Series 2: Canada: Quebec and Ontario, Various Communities / 2.1: Innu [Uashat-Maliotenam (Seven Islands)]
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv442f02fe3-1e7b-4631-8376-c8abb4a36021
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-038-ref741

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