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National Congress of American Indians records

Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Names:
Arrow, Inc.  Search this
National Tribal Chairmen's Association  Search this
Native American Rights Fund  Search this
United Effort Trust  Search this
United States. American Indian Policy Review Commission  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Bronson, Ruth Muskrat  Search this
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Deloria, Vine  Search this
Harjo, Suzan Shown  Search this
McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977  Search this
Peterson, Helen L.  Search this
Snake, Reuben, 1937-1993  Search this
Tonasket, Mel  Search this
Trimble, Charles E.  Search this
Extent:
251 Linear feet (597 archival boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Date:
1933-1990
bulk 1944-1989
Summary:
The National Congress of American Indian (NCAI), founded in 1944, is the oldest nation-wide American Indian advocacy organization in the United States. The NCAI records document the organization's work, particularly that of its office in Washington, DC, and the wide variety of issues faced by American Indians in the twentieth century. The collection is located in the Cultural Resource Center of the National Museum of the American Indian.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) reflect the operations of its Washington, DC, headquarters and, in particular, the activities and responsibilities of its executive director. The papers primarily cover the period 1943 to 1990, although some documents pre-dating NCAI are present. The bulk of the material relates to legislation, lobbying, and NCAI's interactions with various governmental bodies. A large segment also concerns the annual conventions and executive council and executive committee meetings. Finally, the records also document the operations of the NCAI, including personnel, financial, and fundraising material. Materials found throughout the collection include letters, memoranda, handwritten notes, speeches, press releases, newspaper clippings, publications, minutes of meetings, transcripts, reports, agenda, programs, financial records, legislative materials, photographs, and sound recordings.
Arrangement:
The National Congress of American Indians records are arranged in 21 series:

Series 1 -- : NCAI Conventions and Mid-Year Conferences

Series 2 -- : Executive Council and Executive Committee Files

Subseries 2.1: Executive Council

Subseries 2.2: Executive Committee

Subseries 2.3: Executive Committee: Benefit Awards

Series 3 -- : Correspondence Files

Subseries 3.1: Name Files

Subseries 3.2: Chronological Files

Subseries 3.3: Miscellaneous Files

Series 4 -- : Tribal Files

Subseries 4.1: Individual Tribes, Bands and Reservations

Subseries 4.2: Intertribal Organizations

Subseries 4.3: Special Issues

Subseries 4.4: Miscellaneous Tribal Files

Series 5 -- : Records of Indian Interest Organizations

Subseries 5.1: Other Indian Organizations

Subseries 5.2: Non-Indian Support Groups

Subseries 5.3: General Indian Interest Groups

Series 6 -- : NCAI Committees and Special Issue Files

Subseries 6.1: Alaskan Natives

Subseries 6.2: Policy Conference

Subseries 6.3: Religious Freedom and Related Cultural Concerns

Subseries 6.4: Hunting and Fishing Rights

Subseries 6.5: Natural Resources and Indian Water Rights

Subseries 6.6: Nuclear Waste

Subseries 6.7: Solar Bank

Subseries 6.8: AIMS [American Indian Media Surveillance] Committee

Subseries 6.9: HCR 108 and Federal Termination Policies

Subseries 6.10: Emergency Conference of 1954

Subseries 6.11: Jurisdiction --NCAI Commission and Federal Legislation

Subseries 6.12: Law Enforcement

Subseries 6.13: Litigation Committee

Subseries 6.14: Annual Litigation Conference

Subseries 6.15: Trail of Broken Treaties Impact Survey Team

Subseries 6.16: Block Grants

Subseries 6.17: Health and Welfare

Subseries 6.18: Self-Determination and Education

Subseries 6.19: National Conference on Federal Recognition

Subseries 6.20: Economic and Reservation Development

Series -- 7: United Effort Trust (UET)

Subseries 7.1: NCAI and NTCA Joint Committee

Subseries 7.2: Issues

Subseries 7.3: Legislation

Subseries 7.4: News Releases

Subseries 7.5: Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.6: Inter-Tribal Organizations

Subseries 7.7: Non-Indian Organizations

Subseries 7.8: Tribes

Series 8 -- : Attorneys and Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.1: Attorneys

Subseries 8.2: Legal Interest Groups

Subseries 8.3: Legal Services

Series 9 -- : Federal Indian Policy and Legislation Files

Subseries 9.1: American Indian Policy Review Task Force

Series 10 -- : Bureau of Indian Affairs

Series 11 -- : State and Local Government Organizations

Series 12 -- : Census

Series 13 -- : General Alpha-Subject Files

Series 14 -- : Records of Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble

Series 15 -- : Records of Suzan S. Harjo

Subseries 15.1: Indian Claims: Eastern Land Claims

Subseries 15.2: Indian Claims: Statute of Limitations

Subseries 15.3: Conference on -- The Indian Reorganization Act - An Assessment and Prospectus Fifty Years Later

Subseries 15.4: Inter-American Indian Institute (IAII)

Subseries 15.5: Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA)

Subseries 15.6: Institute of the American West (IAW)

Subseries 15.7: Common Cause

Subseries 15.8: Office Files

Series 16 -- : Fund Raising

Subseries 16.1: Gifts, Bequests, and Contributions

Subseries 16.2: Foundations

Subseries 16.3: General --Arrow and NCAI Fund

Series 17 -- : Business and Financial Records Files

Subseries 17.1: Personnel

Series 18 -- : "Give-Away" Files

Series 19 -- : Publications

Subseries 19.1: -- News/Sentinels -- and -- Sentinel Bulletin

Subseries 19.2: Other Publications

Series 20 -- : Photographs

Series 21 -- : Audio and Film Recordings
Biographical / Historical:
The National Congress of America Indians, which describes itself as the oldest and largest American Indian and Alaskan Native organization in the United States, was founded on November 16, 1944, in Denver, CO. NCAI was intended to serve as a link between individual tribal councils and the United States government, by defining and helping to crystallize Indian thought on the administration of Indian affairs. The Congress also aimed to educate the general public about Indians, preserve Indian cultural values, protect treaty rights with the United States, and promote Indian welfare.

At the first convention, delegates representing fifty tribes ratified the constitution and by-laws, drafted resolutions determining the direction of NCAI policy, and elected the organizations' first officers, with Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice Napoleon B. Johnson (Cherokee) as president. The officers, as well as eight elected council members, formed the Executive Council. The Council chose the Executive Director; Ruth Muskrat Bronson (Cherokee) was the organization's first director, from 1944-1948. "Persons of Indian blood" could join the organization either as individuals or as groups. In 1955, however, the constitution was revised to restrict group membership to recognized tribes, committees, or bands, and to make the Executive Council chosen by tribal representatives. These changes gave control of the organization to governing bodies of organized tribes, rather than individuals. A further amendment that year created a five-member Executive Committee, headed by the president, which had all the powers of the Executive Council between council meetings.

Conventions have been held annually in the fall since the formation of the NCAI in 1944. Since 1977, mid-year conferences have been held in May or June of each year, to allow more frequent and thorough discussion of issues. The resolutions passed at these conventions are the basis for all policy of the Executive Committee and Executive Director between meetings. The conventions are also used for informational sessions and meetings of standing and special committees of NCAI. One or two-day workshops may also be held on special topics or Congressional issues of particular concern.

NCAI created a tax-exempt arm in 1949 to accept charitable contributions and apply for grants, the NCAI Fund, which soon changed its name to ARROW, Inc. By 1957, however, ARROW had split off to become an independent organization, and NCAI started a new arm, again called the NCAI Fund. In the coming decades, the NCAI Fund would obtain grants from sources including the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Veteran Affairs, Indian Health Service, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Ford Foundation, humanities councils and others, which they used for conferences, workshops, publications, and other projects.

In its early years, NCAI fought for the recognition of land claims of Alaska natives, the enfranchisement of Arizona and New Mexico Indians, the equitable settlement of tribal land claims, and the right of Indians to select their own attorneys. The NCAI lobbied vigorously for an Indian Claims Commission Bill, which became law in August 1946. NCAI's lobbying efforts on behalf of this act set the pattern for the organization's future role in legislative matters: keeping member tribes abreast of proposed legislation and ascertaining their views, and maintaining a presence in Congress through lobbying and testimony.

Beginning in 1954, the threat of termination pushed NCAI into a period of increased activity. Although some tribes were ready to terminate their relationship with the federal government, much of Indian Country felt threatened by the government's new stated policy. NCAI therefore organized an Emergency Conference of American Indians for February 1954 to protest this new termination policy. An agreement was forged at the conference between the NCAI and the Bureau of Indian Affairs to work together toward slowly liquidating the BIA. The termination period of the 1950s and 1960s, while challenging, saw NCAI increase in confidence and political acumen.

During the 1960s, a number of other activist Indian groups sprang up and began to dilute the singular influence which NCAI had commanded. Newer, more militant groups often considered themselves at odds with NCAI, which was increasingly perceived as conservative. As the number of Indian advocacy groups grew in the 1960s and 1970s, however, NCAI actively partnered with other organizations, particularly the National Tribal Chairmen's Association (NTCA) and Native American Rights Fund (NARF), on a variety of projects.

Charles E. "Chuck" Trimble (Oglala Dakota) served as Executive Director of NCAI in 1972 until 1977, when he resigned to lead the United Effort Trust, a project designed to fight white backlash to Indian rights. NCAI spent most of the next two years trying to find another permanent director. In 1979, Ronald P. Andrade (Luiseno-Diegueno) joined NCAI and unfortunately found a group that was demoralized and underfunded. He was able to return the organization to good health but left in 1982. Si Whitman (Nez Perce), his successor, remained at NCAI for less than a year.

Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne-Creek) became director of NCAI on May 1, 1984. Prior to taking this postions, she had served as Congressional Liaison for Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior during the Carter administration and as legislative liaison for the Native American Rights Fund, as well as working for NCAI during the mid-1970s. Harjo was also an active and published poet, as well as a frequent speaker at events around the country. The National Congress of American Indians was particularly active on Capitol Hill while Harjo was director, advocating for government-to-government status, the Tribal Government Tax Status Act of 1983, repatriation legislation, and economic development programs, among other issues. Harjo was herself very involved in the establishment of the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC.

The NCAI Fund was very successful in receiving grants during this period, although they were chronically short of operating funds. Some of their most active projects during this period were the Indian and Native Veterans Outreach Program (INVOP), Inter-generational Health Promotion and Education Program (IHPEP), Environmental Handbook and related educational seminars, Solar Bank, nuclear waste disposal and transportation information sessions, and voter registration.

For years, NCAI's operating expenses had been funded by the Ford Foundation and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). In 1985, the director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, opposing the use of Federal monies to support outside organizations, began to block the payment for services due to the NCAI. This created a financial crisis from which the NCAI did not recover during Harjo's tenure, and it became the major issue for which she was not rehired in October 1989.

Following the 1989 Annual Convention, Wayne Ducheneaux (Cheyenne River Sioux) became President of NCAI and A. Gay Kingman (Cheyenne River Sioux) was appointed Executive Director. Their first efforts were focused on recovering the financial well-being of the organization, which meant that less attention was devoted to issues in Congress. One of the successful projects NCAI pursued during the next two years was organization and presentation of the Indian pre-conference of the White House Conference on Library and Information Science, which was held in early 1991.

The National Congress of American Indians is still active today, continuing its work of lobbying, support for tribal governments, and advocacy for American Indian issues.
Related Materials:
Other collections at the NMAI Archives Center that include information on the National Congress of American Indians include:

Arrow, Inc., and the American Indian Tribal Court Judges records, 1949-1999 (NMAI.MS.013) James E. Curry papers, 1935-1955 (NMAI.MS.015) National Tribal Chairmen's Association records, 1971-1978 (NMAI.MS.014) Helen L. Peterson papers, 1944-1992 (NMAI.MS.016) Reuben Snake papers, 1971-1996 (NMAI.MS.012)
Provenance:
The National Congress of American Indians designated the National Anthropological Archives (NAA) as its official repository in 1976. This collection was received by NAA in four accessions between 1976 and 1991. It was transferred from NAA to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center in 2006.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1934-  Search this
Indians of North America -- Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America -- Social conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Indians of North America -- Legal status, laws, etc.  Search this
Indian termination policy  Search this
Alaska Natives -- Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America -- Civil rights  Search this
Indians of North America -- Economic conditions -- 20th century  Search this
Radioactive wastes -- United States -- Management  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Videotapes
Correspondence
Administrative records
Financial records
Audiotapes
Clippings
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.010
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-010
Online Media:

Documents of Native American political development : 1933 to present edited by David E. Wilkins

Editor:
Wilkins, David E (David Eugene) 1954- http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/edt http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n97001985 http://viaf.org/viaf/86138405/  Search this
Author:
ProQuest (Firm) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2007068018 http://viaf.org/viaf/125993931/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xvii, 520 pages)
Type:
Sources
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Civil Rights  Search this
POLITICAL SCIENCE--Political Freedom & Security--Human Rights  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Call number:
E98.T77 D63 2019 (Internet)
Restrictions & Rights:
1-user
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1118677

Publications

Topic:
American Indians/American Presidents: A History (Monograph : 2009)
Creator::
National Museum of the American Indian. Office of Education and Museum Programs. Publications Office  Search this
Extent:
0.25 cu. ft. (1 half document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Books
Date:
2009
Descriptive Entry:
This accession consists of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) publication, American Indians/American Presidents: A History. The book, co-published with HarperCollins, was edited by Clifford E. Trafzer and includes essays by five scholars of Native American history, including Robert W. Venables, Donna Akers, Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert, Duane Champagne, and Troy R. Johnson. American Indians/American Presidents: A History explores the relationship of tribal leaders and American presidents; covering what they said and felt about one another, and how their words and actions framed relations between Native nations and the United States. The book also shows how Native people advanced their own agenda for tribal sovereignty, from the 18th century to the present.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Indian leadership  Search this
Indians of North America -- Politics and government  Search this
Self-determination, National  Search this
Presidents -- United States -- History  Search this
Presidents -- United States -- Racial attitudes  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Genre/Form:
Books
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 10-009, National Museum of the American Indian. Office of Education and Museum Programs. Publications Office, Publications
Identifier:
Accession 10-009
See more items in:
Publications
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa10-009

Our history is the future Standing Rock versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the long tradition of Indigenous resistance Nick Estes

Title:
Standing Rock versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the long tradition of Indigenous resistance
Author:
Estes, Nick http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/aut http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2019008803 http://viaf.org/viaf/1155706985122411382/  Search this
Subject:
Dakota Access, LLC http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2016147746 http://viaf.org/viaf/86147905249979091898/  Search this
Physical description:
310 pages illustrations, maps 22 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
North Dakota
United States
Standing Rock Indian Reservation
Standing Rock- Indianerreservation
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indians of North America--Land tenure  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Petroleum pipelines  Search this
Environmental justice  Search this
Indian activists  Search this
Environmental protection--Citizen participation  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations--History  Search this
Red Power movement  Search this
Protest movements  Search this
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Studies  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Erdölgewinnung  Search this
Sozialer Konflikt  Search this
Umweltschaden  Search this
Native americans--Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1111770

Project Files, 2011

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Museum Programs Media Initiatives Department  Search this
Uniform title:
American Indian Responses to Environmental Challenges (Website)  Search this
Subject:
Mohawk Nation at Akwesasne  Search this
Campo Kumeyaay Nation  Search this
Type:
Digital images
Collection descriptions
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Electronic records
Place:
California, Southern
Leech Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation, Washington
Minnesota
New York (State)
Washington (State)
Date:
2011
Topic:
Education, Secondary  Search this
Educators  Search this
Environmental sciences  Search this
Green technology  Search this
High school students  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Social life and customs  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Middle school education  Search this
Middle school students  Search this
Scientists  Search this
Teachers  Search this
Web sites  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 12-063
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2027; special restrictions on use of these materials apply; Transferring office; 12/28/2011 memorandum, Toda to Goldstein; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Project Files 1973, 1991-2011 [National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) Office of Education and Public Programs Media Initiatives Department]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_306816

A history of Indian policy / S. Lyman Tyler

Author:
Tyler, S. Lyman (Samuel Lyman) 1920-1998  Search this
Author:
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 328 pages, 3 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations, maps (some folded, 1 color), portraits ; 23 cm
Type:
Texts
History
Place:
United States
Date:
1973
Topic:
Government relations--History  Search this
Indians, Treatment of--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government--History  Search this
Call number:
E93 .T98h
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_47979

Standing with Standing Rock : voices from the #NoDAPL movement / Nick Estes and Jaskiran Dhillon, editors

Editor:
Estes, Nick http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2019008803 http://viaf.org/viaf/1155706985122411382  Search this
Dhillon, Jaskiran 1974- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2017058886 http://viaf.org/viaf/75148449811615691889  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 420 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Date:
2019
Topic:
Indian activists  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Petroleum pipelines  Search this
Environmental justice  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1106644

Mike Williams / the Institute for Tribal Government

Title:
Great tribal leaders of modern times : Mike Williams, Yupiaq
Mike Williams, Yupiaq
Author:
Williams, Mike 1952-  Search this
Institute for Tribal Government (Portland, Or.)  Search this
Subject:
Williams, Mike 1952-  Search this
Williams, Mike 1952-  Search this
Physical description:
1 videodisc (86 min.) : sound, color with black and white sequences ; 4 3/4 in
Type:
Biography
Interviews
Place:
Alaska
Date:
2004
Topic:
Yupik Eskimos  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Mental health services  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Indians of North America--Mental health services  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
video 001607
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1095573

Ute Mountain Ute government

Author:
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah  Search this
Physical description:
24 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Utah
Date:
1986
C1986
Topic:
Wiminuche Indians--Politics and government  Search this
Wiminuche Indians--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Wiminuche Indians--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1011993

American Indian tribal governments : a two- or three-day activity for students grades 8-12 [...] / prepared by the Department of Human Relations, Madison Metropolitan School District

Author:
Gudinas, Ruth A. 1931-  Search this
Madison Metropolitan School District Department of Human Relations  Search this
Physical description:
ii, 62 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Wisconsin
Date:
1983
[©1983]
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government--Study and teaching  Search this
Call number:
E98.T77 A45 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1089726

From Wounded Knee to Checkpoint Charlie : the alliance for sovereignty between American Indians and Central Europeans in the late Cold War / György Ferenc Tóth

Author:
Tóth, György Ferenc 1976-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 313 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Europe, Central
Date:
2016
20th century
1945-1989
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Civil rights--History  Search this
Sovereignty--History  Search this
Anti-imperialist movements--History  Search this
Relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1083352

The new Trail of Tears : how Washington is destroying American Indians / Naomi Schaefer Riley

Title:
How Washington is destroying American Indians
Author:
Riley, Naomi Schaefer  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 214 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
21st century
Topic:
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indians of North America--Social conditions  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians, Treatment of  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1083348

Indians in the family : adoption and the politics of antebellum expansion / Dawn Peterson

Author:
Peterson, Dawn 1977-  Search this
Physical description:
421 pages : illustrations, map ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Southern States
United States
Date:
2017
19th century
1775-1865
Topic:
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation--History  Search this
Indians, Treatment of--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Adoption--History  Search this
Imperialism  Search this
Slaveholders--History  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1078711

We are still here : a photographic history of the American Indian Movement / photographs by Dick Bancroft ; text by Laura Waterman Wittstock

Author:
Bancroft, Dick 1927-  Search this
Wittstock, Laura Waterman  Search this
Subject:
American Indian Movement History  Search this
American Indian Movement History  Search this
Physical description:
xxvii, 210 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Portraits
Place:
United States
Wounded Knee (S.D.)
Date:
2013
1934-
Indian occupation, 1973
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations  Search this
Indian activists  Search this
Trail of Broken Treaties, 1972  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1009905

The National Council on Indian Opportunity : quiet champion of self-determination / Thomas A. Britten

Author:
Britten, Thomas A (Thomas Anthony) 1964-  Search this
Subject:
National Council on Indian Opportunity (U.S.) History  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 337 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2014
20th century
Topic:
Indians of North America--Government relations--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Self-determination, National--History  Search this
Indian land transfers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1029836

Clyde Warrior : tradition, community, and Red Power / by Paul R. McKenzie-Jones

Author:
McKenzie-Jones, Paul R. 1970-  Search this
Subject:
Warrior, Clyde 1939-1968  Search this
National Indian Youth Council History  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 234 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Date:
2015
20th century
Topic:
Ponca Indians  Search this
Indian activists  Search this
Indian youth--Political activity--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Civil rights--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Government relations x History  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1049392

Say we are nations : documents of politics and protest in indigenous America since 1887 / edited by Daniel M. Cobb

Compiler:
Cobb, Daniel M.  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 294 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Sources
Place:
United States
Date:
2015
Topic:
Indians of North America--Social conditions  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Indigenous peoples--Civil rights  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Hawaiians--Social conditions  Search this
Alaska Natives--Social conditions  Search this
Hawaiians--Government relations  Search this
Alaska Natives--Government relations  Search this
Hawaiians--Politics and government  Search this
Alaska Natives--Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1055887

City Indian : Native American activism in Chicago, 1893-1934 / Rosalyn R. LaPier and David R.M. Beck

Title:
Native American activism in Chicago, 1893-1934
Author:
LaPier, Rosalyn R  Search this
Beck, David 1956-  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 268 pages ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
Illinois
Chicago
Chicago (Ill.)
Date:
2015
Topic:
History  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Indians of North America--Ethnic identity  Search this
Urban residence  Search this
Indian activists  Search this
Whites--Relations with Indians  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1057276

The contemporary Coast Salish : essays / by Bruce Granville Miller ; edited by Bruce Granville Miller and Darby C. Stapp

Author and editor:
Miller, Bruce Granville 1951-  Search this
Editor:
Stapp, Darby C. 1954-  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 347 pages : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
British Columbia
Washington (State)
Date:
2016
Topic:
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Call number:
E78.N77 M52 2016
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1073560

AlterNatives : community, identity, and environmental justice on Walpole Island / Robert M. VanWynsberghe

Author:
VanWynsberghe, Robert M  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 144 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Ontario
Walpole Island (Lambton)
Walpole Island (Lambton, Ont.)
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Environmental justice  Search this
Indians of North America--Politics and government  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904072

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