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Portrait of Chief Little Bear with Rifle

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (003 in x 005 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 24
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601112

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56557
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Montana ?
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 24
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ba58142c-7204-4602-9f5f-740d0d2312dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref823

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J1
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ef12bcef-ba39-451a-891c-38ba73807f40
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12389

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J2
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw373102af4-46c2-494b-bf5a-505f06f7e712
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12390

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J3
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31775cdc7-6210-4754-8187-883b4b9bcd7e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12391

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J4
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c72d7329-5262-4e55-aeb3-848dd98b4d58
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12392

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J5
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3dfe38da9-25e6-4ee6-8e6e-cbbfb6d85833
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12393

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J6
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw390fe750d-f1d5-449a-861c-8b54ba781274
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12394

[Miscellaneous vocabularies]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Cree  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Identified by J.P. Harrington
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.837 J7
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw392f8da73-cbca-46ed-8384-e12315884165
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12395

[Unaligmiut man, wife, and child]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimo -- Unaligmiut  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Date:
1905
1905
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.3103 A
Topic:
Unalakleet  Search this
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d8a90d66-cf2d-42ee-8830-009223bbe90e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12662

[Eskimo man posing in native costume]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 1121
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw349926968-0d01-46cd-acfd-761798c32852
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13374

[Two Eskimo women in front of a canvas tent]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3776
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37f6d5e0f-25f3-4866-83e2-f3353775016d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13388

[Two Eskimo women in front of a canvas tent]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3785
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c17d7a80-63e0-470e-bde4-70a58780398e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13389

[Two Eskimo men in front of a canvas tent]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3786
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw356eda7c4-525a-4a2b-8ed7-74799bf2066b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13390

[Three men seated before a wall with tools, an electric clock, and a wall calendar on it]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
April 1885
April 1885
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 4823
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3a0351f4b-05bb-456b-a415-2d533adcd902
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13410

[Three Eskimo men seated outside a tent]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 4824
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3520d16d5-faae-4e15-8830-4cff2ccede44
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13411

[View of Fort Chimo, Ungava]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 3203
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3321414b2-be77-4d6d-b9d1-e61d2d07c806
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13425

Eskimo girl wearing snowshirt made from store goods

Creator:
Nupok, Florence  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (3 1/2x5 in)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
Series of sketches drawn from life by Florence Nupok, a full blood St Lawrence Island Eskimo woman. 93 sketches (numbers are listed on each drawing).

With the introduction of schools and missions the tendencyis toward making these garments from material obtainable at the store.

This series of sketches was made by Florence Nupok, a full blooded St Lawrence Island married Eskimo woman, aged about 19, during the winter of 1927-8 at her camp at N. East Cape. I purchased the sketches because they were drawn from life and because they show so nicely the usual every day life of the St Lawrence Island Eskimo. The sketches are worth the money expended for them and I doubt that an other set is in existence made by a native on the spot as these were. It is almost impossible for a white person to do any sketching in the houses or homes of these natives as they will not stand for it under any condition, unless one is fortunate enough to be taken into their tribe. I shall of course try to obtain photographs where ever possible. I shall ask Nupok again to continue this work for me, and I think she will. I trust that the idea meets with your approval. In a few years all St Lawrence Island Eskimos will live in frame houses -- five were built last year -- four this year (1928) and the old customs will go the long trail and be forgotten. Modern kitchen ranges, stoves, coal oil heaters, and so on are replacing the famous and serviceable seal oil lamps, enamel pans, dishes, the old driftwood bowls and platters; aluminum tea kettles are replacing the good old Russian "Samovars", etc. Clothing is about the only thing that they cling to and for a very good reason, which is that the white man's clothing is not yet good enough to keep out the terrible winter's cold and for that reason, I too, adopt the native clothes, the only kind which is good enough to keep one warm. I shall list the sketches by numbers and will give the remarks...
Biographical / Historical:
Made during the winter (1927-1928) at her camp at North East Cape.

Florence Nupok is now Florence Malewotkuk, according to Dorothy Ray, 1968.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.3106 D 90
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Nupok, Florence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw392d8fa34-806e-4e28-800c-7750d9d76027
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8922

Eskimo girl with baby

Creator:
Nupok, Florence  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (3 1/2x5 in)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
Series of sketches drawn from life by Florence Nupok, a full blood St Lawrence Island Eskimo woman. 93 sketches (numbers are listed on each drawing).

The woman's snowshirt is made of brightly colored calico or similar material.

This series of sketches was made by Florence Nupok, a full blooded St Lawrence Island married Eskimo woman, aged about 19, during the winter of 1927-8 at her camp at N. East Cape. I purchased the sketches because they were drawn from life and because they show so nicely the usual every day life of the St Lawrence Island Eskimo. The sketches are worth the money expended for them and I doubt that an other set is in existence made by a native on the spot as these were. It is almost impossible for a white person to do any sketching in the houses or homes of these natives as they will not stand for it under any condition, unless one is fortunate enough to be taken into their tribe. I shall of course try to obtain photographs where ever possible. I shall ask Nupok again to continue this work for me, and I think she will. I trust that the idea meets with your approval. In a few years all St Lawrence Island Eskimos will live in frame houses -- five were built last year -- four this year (1928) and the old customs will go the long trail and be forgotten. Modern kitchen ranges, stoves, coal oil heaters, and so on are replacing the famous and serviceable seal oil lamps, enamel pans, dishes, the old driftwood bowls and platters; aluminum tea kettles are replacing the good old Russian "Samovars", etc. Clothing is about the only thing that they cling to and for a very good reason, which is that the white man's clothing is not yet good enough to keep out the terrible winter's cold and for that reason, I too, adopt the native clothes, the only kind which is good enough to keep one warm. I shall list the sketches by numbers and will give the remarks...
Biographical / Historical:
Made during the winter (1927-1928) at her camp at North East Cape.

Florence Nupok is now Florence Malewotkuk, according to Dorothy Ray, 1968.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.3106 D 91
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Nupok, Florence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw396baaaa0-7e85-4d0b-aa89-69313ef7c15c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8923

Eskimo girl with baby

Creator:
Nupok, Florence  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (3 1/2x5 in)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
Series of sketches drawn from life by Florence Nupok, a full blood St Lawrence Island Eskimo woman. 93 sketches (numbers are listed on each drawing).

The woman's snowshirt is made of bright colored calico or similar material. The girl wears a dress under the snowshirt. However, from the fur collar around the neck we know that under the snowshirt she is wearing a reindeer fawnskin parka. When in the home the dresses made from store goods are not removed as were former clothes since it would take too long. Since it is customary to sit and lie on the floor many of the clothes are not always as clean as they might be. Only when members of the family retire in the evening or expect to be in the agra for a long time do they remove all their clothing. Usually the breech cloth is worn by school girls under bloomers which are similar to the kind used by modern white women but which are made from colorful material such as mattress ticking. These are worn showing below the dresses.

This series of sketches was made by Florence Nupok, a full blooded St Lawrence Island married Eskimo woman, aged about 19, during the winter of 1927-8 at her camp at N. East Cape. I purchased the sketches because they were drawn from life and because they show so nicely the usual every day life of the St Lawrence Island Eskimo. The sketches are worth the money expended for them and I doubt that an other set is in existence made by a native on the spot as these were. It is almost impossible for a white person to do any sketching in the houses or homes of these natives as they will not stand for it under any condition, unless one is fortunate enough to be taken into their tribe. I shall of course try to obtain photographs where ever possible. I shall ask Nupok again to continue this work for me, and I think she will. I trust that the idea meets with your approval. In a few years all St Lawrence Island Eskimos will live in frame houses -- five were built last year -- four this year (1928) and the old customs will go the long trail and be forgotten. Modern kitchen ranges, stoves, coal oil heaters, and so on are replacing the famous and serviceable seal oil lamps, enamel pans, dishes, the old driftwood bowls and platters; aluminum tea kettles are replacing the good old Russian "Samovars", etc. Clothing is about the only thing that they cling to and for a very good reason, which is that the white man's clothing is not yet good enough to keep out the terrible winter's cold and for that reason, I too, adopt the native clothes, the only kind which is good enough to keep one warm. I shall list the sketches by numbers and will give the remarks...
Biographical / Historical:
Made during the winter (1927-1928) at her camp at North East Cape.

Florence Nupok is now Florence Malewotkuk, according to Dorothy Ray, 1968.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.3106 D 92
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Nupok, Florence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34bde07da-4c49-4016-8a2b-f1058319f4c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8924

Two school girls with bright colored snowshirts and dresses underneath

Creator:
Nupok, Florence  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (3 1/2x5 in)
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1927-1928
Scope and Contents:
Series of sketches drawn from life by Florence Nupok, a full blood St Lawrence Island Eskimo woman. 93 sketches (numbers are listed on each drawing).

The sleeves are bordered with dog fur while the collar also indicates that the reindeer fawnskin parka is worn underneath the snowshirt and directly over the school dress, probably with the hair worn outside.

This series of sketches was made by Florence Nupok, a full blooded St Lawrence Island married Eskimo woman, aged about 19, during the winter of 1927-8 at her camp at N. East Cape. I purchased the sketches because they were drawn from life and because they show so nicely the usual every day life of the St Lawrence Island Eskimo. The sketches are worth the money expended for them and I doubt that an other set is in existence made by a native on the spot as these were. It is almost impossible for a white person to do any sketching in the houses or homes of these natives as they will not stand for it under any condition, unless one is fortunate enough to be taken into their tribe. I shall of course try to obtain photographs where ever possible. I shall ask Nupok again to continue this work for me, and I think she will. I trust that the idea meets with your approval. In a few years all St Lawrence Island Eskimos will live in frame houses -- five were built last year -- four this year (1928) and the old customs will go the long trail and be forgotten. Modern kitchen ranges, stoves, coal oil heaters, and so on are replacing the famous and serviceable seal oil lamps, enamel pans, dishes, the old driftwood bowls and platters; aluminum tea kettles are replacing the good old Russian "Samovars", etc. Clothing is about the only thing that they cling to and for a very good reason, which is that the white man's clothing is not yet good enough to keep out the terrible winter's cold and for that reason, I too, adopt the native clothes, the only kind which is good enough to keep one warm. I shall list the sketches by numbers and will give the remarks...
Biographical / Historical:
Made during the winter (1927-1928) at her camp at North East Cape.

Florence Nupok is now Florence Malewotkuk, according to Dorothy Ray, 1968.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.3106 D 93
Local Note:
Originally, snowshirts were primarily used to protect fur and feather parkas from blowing snow which would get under hair and feathers and after melting would cause them to come loose or "slip"; they were secondarily used for decorative purposes. The snowshirt is now worn at all times for the latter purpose. Women, particularly the younger ones, today would not feel "dressed up" without such a gaudy colored garment.
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Nupok, Florence
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw311607b7f-4166-4975-9bd5-104a5544a838
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8925

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