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MS 7372 Cocopa face and land markings

Creator:
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Extent:
3 Drawings (pencil, 11 x 15 inches.)
Culture:
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Place:
Colorado River Valley (Colo.-Mexico)
Date:
circa 1900
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of two pencil drawings depicting land markings along the Colorado River valley, south of Yuma and adjacent to several Cocopa villages, and one pencil drawing depicting face markings on Cocopa men and women. Each drawing measures approximately 11 x 15 inches and dates from circa 1900.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7372
Topic:
Body marking  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 7372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS7372
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7372

MS 7031 Drawings and watercolors of people, animals, boats, ships, and houses

Collector:
Hunt, George  Search this
Extent:
13 Drawings
Culture:
Kwakiutl Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Only two incomplete drawings are in a traditional style; many of the others are of non-Indian subjects. Watercolors are marked "Asseo" on reverse.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7031
Local Note:
watercolor drawings
Provenance:
Deposited by Douglas Osborne, Department of Anthropology, California State College at Long Beach in 1967. Osborne obtained the material from John M. Goggin, who reportedly obtained them from William C. Orchard, of the Heye Foundation. Goggin represented them as being by George Hunt. Correspondence in accession file.
Topic:
Habitations and other structures -- Kwakiutl  Search this
Zoology -- Kwakiutl  Search this
Kwakiutl (Kwakwaka'wakw)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 7031, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7031
See more items in:
MS 7031 Drawings and watercolors of people, animals, boats, ships, and houses
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7031

MS 4950 Mary Wright Gill watercolor of a Hopi altar

Creator:
Gill, Mary W.  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (watercolor, image 8 x 5.5 inches on 10.5 x 8 inch board.)
Culture:
Sichomovi  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Watercolors
Date:
circa 1901
Scope and Contents:
This collection is comprised of one watercolor drawing (approximately 8 x 5.5 inches) by Mary Wright Gill, circa 1901, which depicts a Hopi altar. A caption reading "Owak├╝lti Sitchomovi" has been added to the drawing in J. Walter Fewkes' handwriting. The drawing was done from a photograph held in the National Anthropological Archives' collection from the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Wright Gill (1867-1929) was a painter and illustrator who traveled and sketched extensively in Indian Territory with her husband, De Lancey Walker Gill, who was employed as an artist for the Bureau of Ethnology for a number of years.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4950
Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the photograph from which this drawing was undertaken. Please see negative # 1820-b from the Bureau of American Ethnology collection.
Topic:
Altars  Search this
Hopi Indians -- Religion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Watercolors
Citation:
Manuscript 4950, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS4950
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4950

MS 4949 Young man and woman in native dress

Artist:
Wright, Mary Irwin  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 11018000

NAA MS 4949
Local Note:
Not reproduced in Bureau of American Ethnology-AR 23 or AR 5.
Found in Zuni Original Prints "Unlisted" 7/1970.
black and white watercolor drawing
Topic:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4949, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4949
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4949

MS 4948 Drawings of Zuni game equipment

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Extent:
12 Items (ink drawings )
9 Items (proofs of ink drawings )
2 Items (pencil drawings )
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
ca. 1903
Scope and Contents:
A. notes on some of the drawings.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4948
Local Note:
Numbers stamped on some of the drawings do not refer to negatives in MNH, MHT, or A & I photo labs; nor to USNM Catalog Numbers.
Ink drawings are based on photographs (see Original Prints, Zuni, Box 1, Number 23).
Topic:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Toys and games  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4948, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4948
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4948
Additional Online Media:

James G. Swan drawings of Tlingit house and salmon carving

Creator:
Swan, James G., 1818-1900  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Drawings
Date:
March 1874
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 129776

OPPS NEG 45604a
Local Note:
watercolor drawing
Topic:
Habitations and other structures -- Tlingit  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 129,776, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS129776
See more items in:
James G. Swan drawings of Tlingit house and salmon carving
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms129776
Additional Online Media:

MS 3992-a A man bewitched within the house by a woman without... and The patient welcomes his physicians

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Extent:
2 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Drawings
Date:
1830-50?
Biographical / Historical:
Probably collected by J. N. B. Hewitt, ca. 1928-1936, at either Nedrow, N. Y., Onondaga Reservation, N. Y., Tuscarora, N. Y., or Six Nations Reserve, Grand River, Ontario, Canada. See undated field photograph by Hewitt of drawing and possible tribal attribution of "The patient welcomes his physicians..." See Photo Lot 155, J.N.B. Hewitt photographs.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3992-A

OPPS NEG 44,516

OPPS NEG 44,516-A
Local Note:
watercolor drawings
Topic:
Medicine -- Iroquois  Search this
Witchcraft -- Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 3992-A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3992A
See more items in:
MS 3992-a A man bewitched within the house by a woman without... and The patient welcomes his physicians
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3992a

MS 3992-b Drawings of Iroquois myths and festivals

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Extent:
6 Drawings
Culture:
Iroquois -- Seneca -- (identification uncertain)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Numbers 1, 5, and 6 have annotated captions by J. N. B. Hewitt on the front. Numbers 1-5 have annotated captions by W. N. Fenton on the reverse.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3992-B
Local Note:
graphite, crayon and ink drawings
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 3992-B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3992B
See more items in:
MS 3992-b Drawings of Iroquois myths and festivals
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3992b

MS 4607 Drawings by Acoma Indians, of Kachina masks and other ceremonial objects

Collector:
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Extent:
63 Drawings
Culture:
Acoma Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4607
Local Note:
watercolor drawings
ink drawings
colored pencil drawings
Topic:
Kachinas  Search this
Ceremonial objects  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4607, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4607
See more items in:
MS 4607 Drawings by Acoma Indians, of Kachina masks and other ceremonial objects
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4607

MS 2135 Niska notes and sketches

Creator:
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages
Culture:
Niska Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Drawings
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2135
Topic:
Tsimshian  Search this
Nishga  Search this
Nishga  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2135, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2135
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2135
Additional Online Media:

MS 2044 Tempera drawings of human and animal figures

Creator:
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Extent:
6 Drawings
Culture:
Zuni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2044
Local Note:
Tempera drawings
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2044, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2044
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2044

MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others

Artist:
Doanmoe, Etahdleuh, 1856-1888  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Kobay, (Comanche chief)  Search this
Onkoiday  Search this
Sepinta  Search this
White Horse  Search this
Zonekeuk ?  Search this
Zotom  Search this
Extent:
33 Drawings (graphite, colored pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor, 12 x 18 cm.-20 x 55 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Pictographs
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
The manuscript contains 28 drawings depicting warfare, courting, hunting, dances, a horse race, and an intertribal meeting. The drawings also include 5 pages with pictographs representing various words and the names of the prisoners. Included in the manuscript are rosters of the Ft. Marion prisoners listing the prisoners' names and tribal affiliations. Several drawings are inscribed with the name of Koba, some with the name Etahdleuh. Most were probably drawn by Koba.
Biographical / Historical:
Koba (Wild Horse) was born in 1848. During the Red River War he was a member of the Kiowa band that surrendered on February 18, 1875. Following his surrender, he was confined at Fort Sill, Indian Territory. He was accused of stealing horses and mules in Texas and participating in the August 22, 1874 skirmish at the Wichita Agency, one of the opening engagements of the Red River War. He was among the Kiowa prisoners who were incarcerated in Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida following the end of the conflict. He arrived at Fort Marion on May 21, 1875. After his release from Ft. Marion, Koba attended the Hampton Institute in Virginia. He arrived at Hampton on April 14, 1878. In June of 1879, he left Hampton to work on a farm in Lee, Massachusetts. He then enrolled in the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania, where he studied to be a tinsmith. He arrived at Carlisle on October 7, 1879. On September 10, 1880, Koba left Carlisle on what was intended to be a brief trip to Indian Territory. Although his health was failing, he was deemed fit to travel. He died of consumption on September 24, 1880, only three days after arriving at his destination.
Etahdleuh (1856-1888) was also known as Etahdleeuh, Etadeleuh, Etahdleuh Doanmoe, Boy, and Boy Hunting. He was imprisoned at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida from 1875-1878. After his release from Fort Marion, he attended the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, arriving in April, 1878. In 1879, he travelled to the Indian Territory to recruit pupils to attend the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania, where he would study and work on and off from 1879 to 1887. He made two extended trips back to the reservation during this period and from February to May 1880, he worked at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. He was trained as a Presbyterian missionary and returned to the reservation in January 1888 to serve in this capacity.
For further biographical information on Koba or Etahdleuh see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 39C
Album Information:
MS 39C 000
Provenance:
Reynolds, Mary B.
Topic:
Federal-Indian relations -- Kiowa  Search this
Marriage and family -- Courtship -- Kiowa  Search this
War -- Apache  Search this
War -- Navaho  Search this
War -- Comanche  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs -- Kiowa
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 39C, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS39C
See more items in:
MS 39-c Kiowa drawings by Koba, Etahdleuh, and others
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms39c
Additional Online Media:

MS 7500 Tichkematse book of drawings

Creator:
Tichkematse, 1857-1932  Search this
Depicted:
Bliss, Zenas Randall, 1835-1900  Search this
Extent:
21 Drawings (graphite, watercolor, and ink, 14 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Photographs
Date:
1887 April
Scope and Contents:
Drawings in a small notebook of ruled paper, now disbound, covers retained. Drawings document an 1887 hunting excursion taken by Colonel Bliss of Fort Supply (in Indian Territory) and Major John Dunlop, a visitor to the fort from Washington D.C.. Included in the manuscript are a cyanotype picture featuring Colonel Bliss, end papers, and covers of the book as well as a typescript note pasted to the inside cover describing the drawings. The inscription reads as follows: "This pictorial history of various hunts made by Cheyenne Indians, and white men, was drawn and painted entirely by Squint Eye, a Cheyenne and Sergeant of the Scouts at Fort Supply, Indian Territory, April 1887. It will be observed that Sergt. Squint Eye, and Major Dunlop are the most important personages represented ; and it will also be observed that the Sergt. never forgets to put on his stripes, or chevrons. If any difference is noticed between the verbal report made by the major, of his encounter with the Catamount, and Squint eye's representation of it, it will please be ascribed to the native Scotch and Cheyenne modesty of the participants. Fort Supply, I.T., April 17, 1887, with compliments of Z.R. Bliss, on this his birthday." Many drawings are inscribed names identifying the figures, most of whom are Cheyenne men who were enlisted as Army scouts.
Biographical / Historical:
Tichkematse a.k.a. Squint Eyes, Quchkeimus (1857-1932) was one of the best known groups of Plains artists was among the men held prisoner at Fort Marion in Saint Augustine, Florida, from 1875-1878. Tichkematse, a Cheyenne, was one of these prisoner artists. While imprisoned, he learned to speak English and to read and write. Upon release he attended school at the Hampton Institute in Virginia for about a year before coming to the Smithsonian. There he was trained in the preparation of bird and mammal specimens for study and display. During his time at the Smithsonian, he also produced drawings illustrating his old life on the Plains, full of buffalo hunts and battles as well as everyday camp life. In 1880 he returned to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation in what is now Oklahoma, but he continued his affiliation with the Smithsonian. He was active in collecting bird and mammal specimens as well as craft items acquired from Cheyenne friends and relatives, which he shipped to the museum. For additional information on Tichkematse, see Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion by Karen Daniels Petersen (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK 1971), "Squint Eyes: Artist and Indian Scout" by Bob Rea, (2002) www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/scout, and "Tichkematse: A Cheyenne at the Smithsonian" by Candace Greene, (2000) www.nmnh.si.edu/naa/squint_eyes/squint_eyes.htm. For further information on the Cheyenne scouts and their artwork, see "Artists in Blue: the Indian Scouts of Fort Reno and Fort Supply," by Candace S. Greene (American Indian Art Magazine, Winter 1992, pp.50-57) Major John Dunlop was a supply sergeant in San Antonio before the Civil War, then went to Mexico, and later to Washington. While in Washington he met Col. Bliss and the maintained a friendship over time, resulting in his visiting Bliss in Indian Territory and participating in the hunt depicted.
Fort Supply, established in 1868, was initially designated as a supply camp where U.S. Cavalry troops could restock and refresh themselves. It was from this post that Custer and the Seventh Cavalry marched to the Battle of Washita. Over the next twenty-five years, soldiers from Fort Supply performed duties that included peace-keeping and monitoring of the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation and the Cherokee Outlet as well as monitoring the Land Run of 1893. From 1869 to early 1870, the post served as the temporary location for the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Agency. For more information on Fort Supply see Fort Supply, Indian Territory: Frontier Outpost by Robert C. Carriker, 1990 Norman: University of Oklahoma Press; and "History of Fort Supply" at http://www.ok-history.mus.ok.us/mus-sites/fshistory.htm.
Local Numbers:
NAA ACC 91-13

NAA MS 7500
Place:
United States Indian Territory Fort Supply.
United States Oklahoma Fort Supply.
Album Information:
MS 7500 000
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 7500, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7500
See more items in:
MS 7500 Tichkematse book of drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7500
Additional Online Media:

MS 2002-27 Quitone Kiowa calendar

Extent:
171 Drawings (25 leaves, graphite, watercolor, and ink on card stock, 28 x 22 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Pictographs
Ledger drawings
Date:
1825-1921
Scope and Contents:
The calendar consists of 171 pictographs on heavy card stock. Each page contains two to four pictographs, arranged top to bottom and left to right. The calendar entries cover the period 1825 - 1921. A red diamond is used to signify winter and a green or yellow bar to signify summer. A depiction of the forked Medicine Lodge pole often accompanies the symbol for summer. No information is known about the original production of this calendar. However, the pictures are a close match to a tracing that Wilbur S. Nye made in the 1920s of a calendar on cloth belonging to Jimmy Quitone, although arranged in a different format, and this may be considered a variant of the Quitone calendar. Nye's tracing is in the collection of the Fort Sill Museum in Oklahoma together with his notes about the version that he examined. He recorded that while Quitone owned the calendar when he made the tracing, it had been produced by Johnny Anko and Hauvahte. Huvahte may be an alternate rendering of Habate, or Haba. Nye believed that the calendar was destroyed when the Quitone home burned in the 1930s.
Biographical / Historical:
Jimmy Quitone (Wolf Tail) was one of the elders from whom W.S. Nye recorded much information about Kiowa history. According to Nye, he was the father of George Hunt and Guy Quitone. Hugh Corwin provides anecdotal information about Quitone, including a note that he died in 1956 at the age of 101. For additional biographical information see: W.S. Nye, Bad Medicine and Good: Tales of the Kiowa, University of Oklahoma, 1962. Hugh Corwin, The Kiowa Indians Their History and Life Stories, 1958.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2002-27
Local Note:
The collection record is based on information presented in Candace S. Greene and Russell Thornton, The Years the Stars Fell: Lakota Winter Counts at the Smithsonian, University of Nebraska Press, in press.
Album Information:
MS 2002-27 000
Genre/Form:
Pictographs
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 2002-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2002-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2002-27
Additional Online Media:

MS 1998-54 Exercise book containing drawings by anonymous Kiowa artist

Extent:
20 Drawings (18 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 17 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1875-1878
Scope and Contents:
Twenty drawings in a commercial exercise book that has been rebound. The book had been sewn into a second cover prior to its acquisition by the Smithsonian. This second cover was removed when the book was rebound. It is still with the manuscript. The drawings depict hunting, courtship, dance, social gatherings, Indian scouts, mounted and dismounted warriors, and part of the Kiowa Sun Dance. The inside of the front cover is inscribed, "Capt Pratt USA", "By the Indians", "By the Indians incarcerated in Fort Marion St. Augustine in 1876", "Engaged in the Custer Massacre", "Care of Capt Pratt in charge assisted by the following ladies Mrs Linethurst, Mrs Gibbs - Mrs S' Mother St Augustine Mrs Kingsly Gibbs aunt Mrs Valentine Phila Miss Reed", "Carlisle was the outcome of Capt Pratt's efforts assisted by Mrs Kingsly Gibbs of St Augustine". The back cover is inscribed "Works of the Indians while in prison in Fort Marion St Augustine Florida/ after the Custer Massacre in care of Capt Pratt/ The founder of Carlisle/ These Indians finally taken there for housing and taming/ by the Government/ under the care of Capt Pratt USA". In addition to the inscription, the back cover bears the image of a man wearing a breechcloth, which was scratched into its surface. The name "ZOTOM" appears in stencil block letters on the back cover and the inside of the front cover. Although Zotom was a noted Kiowa artist, it is not clear that he is responsible for the drawings. Candace Greene notes that they are unlike his later work and early documented examples of his drawing style have not been identified.
Biographical / Historical:
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 98-54
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 98-54 000
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 98-54, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1998-54
See more items in:
MS 1998-54 Exercise book containing drawings by anonymous Kiowa artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1998-54
Additional Online Media:

MS 7119 Paintings made in Alaska and British Columbia

Creator:
Elliott, Henry Wood, 1846-1930  Search this
Extent:
15 Items
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Aleuts  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1890's
Scope and Contents:
Includes: 1) Eskimo man with harpoon. Undated. 2) Man running at seal seals in rookery. July 7, 1892. 3) Natives fishing and drying fish. Undated. 4) Man clubbing seals. Undated. 5) Eskimo whaling and walrus camp, Icy Point, Arctic Ocean, Alaska. Lookout created of drift logs. 1891. 6) Interior or Stick Indians spearing fish in the canon of th Fraser River. 1891. 7) Fishing from kaiaks. 1872. 8) View of settlement and fishing trap. Undated. 9) Aleutians striking humpback whales: off Akootan Island, Bering Sea. Undated. 10) Aleutians sea-otter hunters in camp, Tigalda, Aleutian Chain. 1891. 11) Europeans clubbing and skinning seals. 1891. 12) Man with clubs on edge of rookery, St. Paul Island. 1891. 13) Fishing from kaiaks, Captains Harbour. 1872. 14) Seal rookery. 1872. 15) Dropping an Aleutian sea Otter hunting Party of A---tanak Island. 1892.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7119
Topic:
Camps -- Eskimo  Search this
Camps -- Aleut  Search this
Fishing -- Aleut  Search this
Fishing -- Eskimo  Search this
Habitations and other structures -- Aleut  Search this
Habitations and other structures -- Eskimo  Search this
Hunting -- Aleut  Search this
Hunting -- Eskimo  Search this
Tools and other implements -- Aleut  Search this
Tools and other implements -- Eskimo  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 7119, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7119
See more items in:
MS 7119 Paintings made in Alaska and British Columbia
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7119
Additional Online Media:

MS 1988-27 Eskimo drawing and prints

Extent:
2 Prints (color, woodblock.)
8 Drawings (crayon, pencil.)
Culture:
Inuit  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Drawings
Place:
Cape Dorset (Nunavut)
Date:
circa 1966
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two color woodblock prints and eight crayon/pencil drawings made by Inuit residents of Cape Dorset in Nunavut territory, Canada, circa 1966. The prints and drawings depict traditional Inuit subjects, including birds, bears, fish and hunting scenes.
Biographical / Historical:
Cape Dorset is an Inuit community located on Dorset Island in the Qikiqtaaluk region of Nunavut, Canada. Since the 1950s, Cape Dorset, often called the "Capital of Inuit Art," has been a center for Inuit artists, especially in the areas of drawing, printmaking, and carving.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1988-27
Topic:
Eskimo ?  Search this
Eskimo ?  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Prints
Citation:
Manuscript 1988-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS1988-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1988-27
Additional Online Media:

Portrait of Nana Nanei

Creator:
Harmer, Alexander Francis, 1856-1925  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing
Culture:
Apache -- Chiricahua  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Chiricahua Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
May, 1883
Scope and Contents:
Signed A. F. Harmer.
Biographical / Historical:
Handwritten caption also says: "on Genl. Crook's Campaign." However, Harmer's connection to the military is not yet researched. For biographical sketch of Nana, see Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30, Part 2, page 19.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 363,200
Local Note:
watercolor drawing painted on cardboard mat
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 363,200, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS363200
See more items in:
Portrait of Nana Nanei
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms363200

Wohaw drawing of tightrope walker

Creator:
Wohaw, 1855-1924  Search this
Annotator:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Names:
Fort Marion artists  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and watercolor, 12 x 18 cm.)
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1855-1877
Scope and Contents:
The manuscript consists of one drawing of a tight rope walker. It is inscribed on the verso "Drawn by Wohaw Kiowa."It is from a set of 12 drawings donated by Captain Richard Pratt. Three of the drawings are now in the NAA (MS 30,740, 30,747, and 30,750) and 8 are now in the Graphic Arts collection of the National Museum of American History. The location of the twelfth drawing is not known.
Biographical / Historical:
Wohaw, also known as Wo-Haw, Beef, Gu hau de, and Wolf Robe, was a Kiowa born in 1855. He was accused of being a combatant in the Red River War of 1874 and 1875. On October 3, 1874, he surrendered at the Cheyenne-Arapaho Agency at Darlinton, Indian Territory. He was transferred to Ft. Sill, where he was held in the guard house. He was among the Kiowa warriors who were subsequently imprisoned at Ft. Marion in San Augustine, Florida. Following his release in 1878, Wohaw returned to the Indian Territory, arriving in Anadarko on May 1, 1878. He served in the Indian Police between 1879 and 1880 and in Troop L of the 7th U.S. Cavalry from 1891 to 1895. He was a member of the Ohomah society and is believed to have been an adherant of the Ghost Dance and Peyote religions. Wohaw died in Oklahoma in 1924. For further biographical information on Wohaw see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Moira Harris, Between Two Cultures: Kiowa Art from Fort Marion, Pogo Press, 1989.
Richard Henry Pratt had a long and varied military career, beginning as a soldier in the Civil War and participating in the Indian wars on the frontier. It was his work on the frontier that sparked Pratt's lifelong interests in the American Indian and spurred him to develop his infamous education system devoted to "civilizing" American Indian peoples. It was Pratt's Belief that the American Indian, although leading a savage and uncivilized life, was fully capable of being educated and absorbed into American society. Pratt gained support for this view when he commanded a group of seventy-two Indian prisoners at St. Augustine, Florida, in 1875. While at Fort Marion, Pratt encouraged the prisoners to draw and produce works of art, which he often collected and sold as tourist souvenirs. Some of the drawings he collected were later donated to museums around the country including the Smithsonian Institute and the Yale Library. Information on Pratt taken from http://webtext.library.yale.edu/xml2html/beinecke.PRATT.con.html. For more information about Richard Henry Pratt, see his autobiography Battlefield and Classroom; Four Decades with the American Indian, 1867-1904, 1964, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion. For further information on Fort Marion see Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art from Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 and Richard Pratt, Battlefield and Classroom, ed. by R. M. Utley, Yale University Press, 1964.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08500300

NAA MS 30750

OPPS NEG 88-19,335

OPPS NEG 92-11256
Place:
United States Florida Fort Marion.
Album Information:
MS 30750
Provenance:
Pratt, R H Capt
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 30750, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS30750
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms30750

Totem pole of the Brown Bear and Crow (or Raven) Family

Creator:
Mc Cauley, C. A. H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Sheet
Culture:
Haida Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Drawings
Date:
August 7, 1894
Scope and Contents:
Signed (hand printed caption) "C. A. H. McCauley, U. S. Army."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 342,397
Local Note:
watercolor drawing, brown wash
Topic:
Totem poles -- Haida  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 342,397, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS342397
See more items in:
Totem pole of the Brown Bear and Crow (or Raven) Family
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms342397

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