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Tulsa -- Villa Philbrook

Former owner:
Phillips, Waite  Search this
Architect:
Delk, Edward Beuhler  Search this
Landscape architect:
Hare & Hare  Search this
Owner:
Philbrook Museum of Art  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Oklahoma -- Tulsa
Villa Philbrook (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
General:
Philbrook Museum of Art is located in Tulsa, Oklahoma at the former Waite Phillips estate. The museum housed in the Villa Philbrook, an Italianate mansion surrounded by of 25 acres of gardens. The estate was created for the wealthy oilman and philanthropist Waite Phillips (1883-1964) and his wife Genevieve Elliott Phillips (1887-1979) and their two children in 1926-1927. The gardens around the mansion were the result of a collaboration of the owners, the house's architect, and the firm of Hare & Hare, Landscape Architects & City Planners. To complement Delk's architectural designs, the garden design combined French, and English garden iconography with inspiration from Villa Lante, an Italian country estate by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola in 1566. They followed Renaissance models with features such as formal gardens, cascading water feature, rock garden and pond terminated by a tempietto. The main emphasis was placed on the East Formal Garden, which was designed on axis with the villa's grand hall. The Italian preference for a predominately green palette was achieved with beds of English ivy, low hedges of Chinese privet, clipped spheres of bay or boxwood and tall red cedars chosen to mimic Italian cypress. Beyond the formal garden stretches a pastoral grove. Important to Genevie Philips was a scheme that featured plants native to the area. Specimens were collected from the native woods on the property, and used in along the flagstone walkways, in borders, and on slopes near house. Yuccas, cedars, dogwood, elder, and serviceberry were among the varieties incorporated into the Italianate design. Structures found throughout the gardens include the Tempietto, the Summer House built in 1933, fountains in the East Formal Garden, the grotto, and a fireplace.

To design their home, the Philips commissioned a Kansas City architect, Edward Buehler Delk (1885–1956), as well as designing Villa Philmonte for their ranch in Cimarron, New Mexico, and the Philtower office building in downtown Tulsa. For Villa Philbrook, Delk interpreted the most fashionable styles of the day in his plans for the 72-room Italian Renaissance villa. It is situated high on the property, overlooking the gardens and to get the breezes in warmer months. The façade of the house is unpretentious with spare use of classical ornament. The house and grounds are linked by the addition of arches and windows, which frame views of the garden, as well as a loggia and terrace that overlooks the most formal of the gardens.

After only eleven years living at Philbrook, the Philips family donated the estate to the community to become Tulsa's first art museum. The house underwent major renovations, and the landscape architecture firm, Hare and Hare, were brought back in to work on the conversion of the gardens from private to public. In 1939 the Philbrook Art Museum (later Philbrook Museum of Art) opened to the public. The gardens were briefly used as a botanical garden concerned with the development, preservation and exhibition of native species to Oklahoma and the Southwest. From 2002-2004, Howell & Vancuren designed another major garden renovation with the support of the Philips family. The Philips also gave Villa Philmonte and the Philmont Ranch to the Boy Scouts of America, and today both institutions continue to serve their communities.

Contributions to the construction of Villa Philbrook were made by multiple craftspeople and artists including George Gibbs, Oscar Bach, Bertram Segar, Cooper & Gentiluomo, Edward F. Caldwell & Co., and Jørgen Dreyer.

Persons associated include: Waite and Genevieve Phillips (former owner), Edward Buehler Delk (architect), S. Herbert Hare of Hare & Hare, Landscape Architects & City Planners (landscape architect), Howell & Vancuren (landscape architects), and Philbrook Museum of Art, Inc. (owner).
Postcard circa 1930-1950.
Varying Form:
Also known as Philbrook Art Museum and Philbrook Museum of Art.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oklahoma -- Tulsa  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Parterres  Search this
Museums  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Groves  Search this
Naturalized plantings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File OK001
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Oklahoma
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1703

Elkins -- Halliehurst

Former owner:
Elkins, Stephen B. (Stephen Benton)  Search this
Architect:
Mott, Charles T.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
3 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Halliehurst (Elkins, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Randolph County -- Elkins
General:
Halliehurst was situated on a the 450-acre estate in Elkins, West Virginia. The mansion was the summer home of the lawyer, industrialist, and politician, Senator Stephen Benson Elkins and his wife Hallie Davis Elkins. The mansion was named for Mrs. Elkins, who had the distinction of being a daughter, wife, and mother to members of the US Senate. The 16,000 square-foot mansion was designed by the notable New York architect, Charles T. Mott after a Rhineland castle admired by Mrs. Elkins. The site for the mansion was chosen for its proximity to the upcoming terminal of one of Elkins railroads. Construction began on the baronial mansion in 1890 using locally sourced hardwoods and stone. While the turreted structure, with towers, columns, dormers, chimneys, and a steep hipped roof defies any direct architectural style, its closest relation is the Shingle style. The grounds around the mansion were extensively planted for the Elkins family, and the estate also functioned as a farm.

Soon after its construction, Senator Henry Gassaway Davis, the father of Mrs. Elkins and business partner of Senator Elkins, constructed his summer home, Graceland, on the estate next door. This pair of mansions is representative of the wealth and influence of two Gilded-Age businessmen-politicians, and as a result of their enterprises the town of Elkins grew up around them. The mansion and 60 acres of the land were deeded to Davis and Elkins College in 1923, by Senator Elkins widow, and it has served as dormitory, classroom space, home of the college president, and today houses the offices of the President, Admission, and Development. Halliehurst was listed individually on the National Register of Historic Landmarks in 1982, at which point the mansion was completely restored. In 1996, Halliehurst was incorporated into the Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, a discontinuous district comprised of four separate historic buildings on the campus of Davis and Elkins College.

Persons associated include: Senator Stephen Benton Elkins (former owner), Baldwin and Pennington (architects), and Davis & Elkins College (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, Elkins, Randolph County, West Virginia, National Register #70000666 and #96001129.
See also Elkins -- Graceland Mansion (AAG# WV009). Graceland Masion is also pictured in postcard WV022_MAR003.
Postcards circa 1915-1945.
Varying Form:
Also known as Hallihurst and Senator Stephen Benton Elkins' House.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Elkins  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Landscape gardening  Search this
Hillsides  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV022
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1808

Fairmont -- High Gate House

Former owner:
Watson, James Edwin  Search this
Architect:
Trumbauer, Horace  Search this
Landscape architect:
Paul, Oglesby  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
2 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
High Gate House (Fairmont, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Marion County -- Fairmont
General:
High Gate was the estate of James Edwin Watson, heir to a West Virginia coal dynasty, and was located in his native city, Fairmont, West Virginia. Designed by notable Philadelphia architect, Horace Trumbauer, the twenty-five-room mansion was completed by 1912. Trumbauer's design was in the Jacobethan Revival style, which pulled elements from manor houses of the Jacobean and Elizabethan periods, particularly the use of half-timbered, stucco-clad walls. Also called "Stockbroker's Tudor" style, the mansion and adjacent carriage house were surrounded by immense, ornamental iron gates and fencing, which earned the property its name. Named for the immense iron gates at the entrance of the property.

A frequent collaborator of Horace Trumbauer, Philadelphia landscape architect, Oglesby Paul, designed the grounds. Around the mansion and in the courtyard of the carriage house, Paul employed flower beds, boxed hedges, shrubbery, catalpa, white birch, and magnolia trees. To the rear of the buildings, exotic trees and shrubs highlighted a box garden, tennis court, and a sunken garden, which featured lighting around stone conversation benches. The gardens also included garden ornaments such as a sundial and large bird bath. The regulation, clay tennis court was once the home of the Tiffany Cup Championship games.

Following the death of Watson, the home was sold to the Sisters of St. Joseph in 1929. The renamed it St. Joseph's Villa and used it as a rest home and later a kindergarten. It later became the Ross funeral home and the carriage house became a nursing home. In 1982, High Gate was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and was later transferred to the Vandalia Heritage Foundation, an organization promoting historic preservation throughout northern West Virginia.

Persons associated include: James Edwin Watson (former owner), Horace Trumbauer (architect), Oglesby Paul (landscape architect), the Sisters of Saint Joseph (former owner), and Vandalia Heritage Foundation (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, High Gate, Fairmont, Marion County, West Virginia, National Register #82004326.
Postcards circa 1930-1945.
Varying Form:
Also known as James Edwin Watson House, Saint Joseph's Villa, and Ross Funeral Home.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Fairmont  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Allées  Search this
Tudor Revival  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV008
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1809

Pinokiann Toy Finger Puppet made by Hazelle Rollins

Maker:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 1/2 in x 4 in x 1 1/2 in; 21.59 cm x 10.16 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
puppet
Place made:
United States: Missouri, Kansas City
Made at:
United States: Missouri, Kansas City
Date made:
1935 - 1939
Subject:
Puppetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Gene and Nancy R. Krupa
ID Number:
1981.1085.03
Accession number:
1981.1085
Catalog number:
1981.1085.03
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Puppets
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-41c7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1182899
Online Media:

Teto the Clown Marionette

User:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Maker:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic, tenite (overall material)
fabric (overall material)
string (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements:
overall (without strings): 14 1/2 in x 5 in x 2 1/2 in; 36.83 cm x 12.7 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
puppet
Place made:
United States: Missouri, Kansas City
Made at:
United States: Missouri, Kansas City
Date made:
1950
Subject:
Puppetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Gene and Nancy R. Krupa
ID Number:
1981.1085.06
Accession number:
1981.1085
Catalog number:
1981.1085.06
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Puppets
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-deaa-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_662191

Latin from Manhattan Marionette

User:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Maker:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
fabric (overall material)
string (overall material)
synthetic (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 24 in x 6 1/2 in x 3 in; 60.96 cm x 16.51 cm x 7.62 cm
Object Name:
puppet
Place made:
United States: Missouri, Kansas City
Made at:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1935
Subject:
Puppetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Gene and Nancy R. Krupa
ID Number:
1981.1085.10
Accession number:
1981.1085
Catalog number:
1981.1085.10
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Popular Entertainment
Highlights from the Culture and the Arts Collection
Puppets
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-34d8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_662198

Pinokio Finger Puppet

User:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Maker:
Rollins, Hazelle H.  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
fabric (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 8 1/2 in x 4 in x 1 1/2 in; 21.59 cm x 10.16 cm x 3.81 cm
Object Name:
puppet
Place made:
United States: Missouri, Kansas City
Date made:
late 1930s
Subject:
Puppetry  Search this
Credit Line:
Gene and Nancy R. Krupa
ID Number:
1981.1085.04
Accession number:
1981.1085
Catalog number:
1981.1085.04
1981.1085.04
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Puppets
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a4-dda4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_662707
Online Media:

Hedges, Charles. New York, New York

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Paper Products, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Paper Products
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Paper Products / 2: Distributors of Paper and Paper Products
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-paper-ref1364

Chapman, L.B.

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents note:
Fruit, Ornamental Trees and Evergreen Vines,
Flowering Shrubs, Hedge Plants, &c.
New York, New York
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Seed Industry and Trade, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Seed Industry and Trade
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Seed Industry and Trade / 1: Seed Growers, Merchants and Nurseries
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-seed-ref208

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
11.35 Cubic feet (consisting of 20 boxes, 8 folder, 30 oversize folders, 17 map case folders, 3 flat boxes (partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Date:
1750-1965
undated
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Tobacco Trade and Industry forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
This subject category, "Tobacco Trade and Industry," consists of materials related to the tobacco trade and industry. This subject category provides an extensive record of the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth century tobacco industry with materials for consumers, traders, and distributors. It forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Collection Division I: Business Ephemera and Division II: Oversize Materials.

Series 1, Tobacco and Tobacco Related Product Ephemera, 1781-1965, undated, is the largest portion of the tobacco related materials. This series is arranged alphabetically by manufacturer and distributor name. The materials consist of advertising cards, scraps, trade catalogs, price lists, pamphlets, labels, correspondence on letterhead stationery, bills, receipts, illustrations from periodicals, printed advertisements, periodicals, newspaper clippings, broadsides, shipping documents, handbills, premiums, promotional items, announcements, and business cards. The majority of materials are from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth- century and were created primarily for consumers, traders and distributors. Most of the materials are from the East Coast and there is a large amount of undated material. Ethnic imagery and images of women and children are prominently featured in this series. The location of the company is given when known.

Series 2, Patents and Trademarks, 1875-1904, is arranged alphabetically by patent and trademark applicants. With illustrations and descriptions, many patent and trademark documents come from East Coast patent offices during the 1870s. While this series is limited in scope, it provides numerous examples of the patenting of tobacco brand names and other related products. Additionally, it contains many images of minorities, women, and a variety of ethnic imagery.

Series 3, Bills of Lading, 1833-1925, is arranged alphabetically by location with foreign locations comprising one folder. The materials date from the late nineteenth century, and the majority is from the port of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This series not only tells a great deal about shipping and importing, but it also provides detailed information about the parties, countries, and people involved in the process of shipping tobacco around the world. Although the collection is somewhat varied, the majority of the bills of lading have date stamps, detailed port information, and information about the imported tobacco itself. Other locations include Maryland, New York, Cuba, and foreign locales.

Series 4, Lithographs, undated, is a series of labels for packages and products arranged alphabetically. It is a great resource for the study of early American advertising. Although most of the product labels are undated, they are probably of the late nineteenth to early twentieth- century. The majority of companies were based in New York, New York.

Series 5, Ephemera and Photographs, 1750-1957, undated, is arranged and organized by type of material. This series is comprised of general images, cigar store Indian images, auction lists, packing for tobacco products, and advertising cards, and contains a wealth of documentation of the American tobacco market. One of the best resources of this series is its collection of cigar bands. There are two photographs within this series, one depicting the exterior of a tobacco shop and another photograph of ladies working with shade grown tobacco, most likely in Connecticut. This series contains a copy of the Burr McIntosh photograph, "Leaves of Desire".

Series 6, Publications, 1742-1962, undated, consist of articles, books, pamphlets, magazines, and periodicals. One of the most useful portions of this series is the anti-tobacco related publications. The series contains tobacco-related articles. In addition to a few articles about tobacco companies, there are publications that contemplate the issues behind smoking. This series also contains tobacco related clippings from magazines and periodicals. Directories are also included in this series. The sheer variety of the material is vast, including essays from The Farm Quarterly and United States government documents. Tobacco is the only unifying factor. Researchers may be interested in La Santa Yerba, a late nineteenth-century book containing verses and other reflections on the tobacco plant itself.
Brand Name Index:
The following is a list of brand names for various tobacco products and related names that appear on this list is a compilation of those found on materials in the vertical document boxes. It is not a complete list of all the brand names for tobacco. The list is intended to assist researchers locate desired materials when only the brand name is known.

Brand Name -- Manufacturer/Dealer

Adonis -- Waldorf-Astoria Sugar Company

A. Hussey -- Leaf Tobacco Company

All Red Scrap -- Spaulding & Merrick

Alligator -- Pierre Lorillard

Almighty Dollar -- Roig & Langsdorf, LTD.

American Eagle -- Barker, K.C. & Company

Anglo-Egyptian -- Anderson, John & Company

Ante Fine (Cut) -- Pierre Lorillard

Apollo Egyptian -- Crescent Tobacco Company

Ateshian Bagdad -- Ateshian Company

Bagdad -- Pierre Lorillard

Bag Pipe -- Pierre Lorillard

Banner -- Banner Company

Banner -- American Tobacco Company

Bay State -- Brewer, Clarks & Sons

Bee -- Pierre Lorillard

Beech-Nut -- Pierre Lorillard

Belle of Turkey -- Pierre Lorillard

Between the Acts -- Pierre Lorillard

Between the Acts -- Thomas Hall Company

Bibber Cigarettes -- American Tobacco Company

Bijou -- S. Busnitz & Company

Birdseye -- British-American Company

Birdseye -- Akhbar Shah

B & L -- S. Busnitz & Company

Black Bird -- Baumann-Ashley Company

Black Joe Dark Plug -- American Tobacco Company

Black & Tan -- Pierre Lorillard

Black & Tan -- Annen Tobacco Company

Blended Stock -- American Tobacco Company

Blot -- Pierre Lorillard

Blue Peter -- Blue Peter Company

Bock y Ca -- Benson & Hedges

Boot Jack -- John Finzer

Boss Bite -- Pierre Lorillard

Brand M -- S. Monday & Son

Briar -- Spaulding & Merrick

Bright Sweet Emerald -- Pierre Lorillard

Briggs -- Pierre Lorillard

Brotherhood -- Pierre Lorillard

Buffalo Head -- Bland Tobacco Company

Bull Durham -- American Tobacco Company Smoking Tobacco

Bull's Eye -- Pierre Lorillard

Bull's Eye -- Peerless (Kimball)

Buzz Long -- Pierre Lorillard

Cabana -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Cabanas -- Benson & Hedges

Cabarga -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Cameo -- W. Duke & Son

Canada -- American Tobacco Company

Canoe -- Spence

Cap Sheaf -- Pierre Lorillard

Capadura -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capadura De La Reina -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capadura Olivette -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capadura Patience -- R.C. Brown & Company

Capital -- G.W. Gail

Captive -- Pierre Lorillard

Catlin's Twin Sisters -- American Tobacco Company

Cavendish -- Pierre Lorillard

Century -- Peter Lorillard

Challenge -- Pierre Lorillard

Chesterfield -- Ligget & Myers

Circassian Girls -- Pierre Lorillard

Clay, Henry -- Benson & Hedges

Climax -- Peter Lorillard

Clipper -- American Tobacco Company

Coca -- Drummond

Comet -- Pierre Lorillard

Common Sense -- American Tobacco Company

Conchas -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Consols -- Consolidated Co.

Continental Cubes -- Continental Tobacco Company

Cools -- Brown & Williams Company

Cork (Number 1) -- Benson & Hedges

Cork Tip #2 -- Benson & Hedges

Cornucopia -- American Tobacco Company

Corona -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Crown -- Benson & Hedges

Cute -- Merchants Cigar Factory

Dainties -- Allen & Ginter

Dainties -- American Tobacco Company

Defiance -- D. Hirsch

Derby -- Felener, F.W. Company

Diamond -- Allen & Ellis

Dixie -- Dixie Allen & Ginter

Dogtail -- Peter Lorillard

Drawing Room -- Pierre Lorillard

Dubec -- Allen & Ginter

Dubec -- American Tobacco Company

Duke of Durham -- American Tobacco Company

Duke's Best -- American Tobacco Company

Duke's Cameo -- American Tobacco Company

Duke's Mixture -- American Tobacco Company

Eagle Principe -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Egyptian -- Pierre Lorillard

Egyptian Deities -- American Tobacco Company

Egyptian Dreams -- Rappaport

Egyptian Luxury -- American Tobacco Company

Egyptian Temple Lorillard, Peter -- Pierre Lorillard

Egyptian Straights -- American Tobacco Company

El Muezzin #1 -- Benson & Hedges

El Muezzin #2 -- Benson & Hedges

Embassy -- Pierre Lorillard

Emerald -- Pierre Lorillard

Etc., Etc. -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Eureka -- Peter Lorillard

Excelsior -- American Tobacco Company

Extra Eagle -- B. Leidersdorf & Company

Excelsior #1 -- American Tobacco Company

Extra Mild #3 -- Benson & Hedges

Extra Mild Mild #4 -- Benson & Hedges

Fair Play -- American Tobacco Company

Favorite -- Cameron & Cameron

Felgner's Mohawk -- American Tobacco Company

Fine Brother -- Finzer, John

Flagman -- American Tobacco Company

Fontica -- Brewer, Clark & Sons

Forget-Me-Not -- Pierre Lorillard

Fortunato Bianco -- American Tobacco Company

Fragrant Vanity Fair -- American Tobacco Company

Friends -- Pierre Lorillard

Full Dress -- American Tobacco Company

Gaiety -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Gail & Ax's Navy -- American Tobacco Co.

Genuine Durham -- Blackwell, W.T. & Co.

Globe -- McGraw, Walker

Gold Extra Fine #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Gold #2 -- Benson & Hedges

Gold Rope -- Wilson & McNally

Golden Back -- Pioneer Tobacco Co.

Golden Bell -- Pierre Lorillard

Golden Bright -- Pierre Lorillard

Golden Culprit -- Peter Lorillard

Golden Light -- American Tobacco Co.

Golden Light -- Kimball & Co.

[Golden S?] -- [Unknown]

Golden Thread -- American Tobacco Co.

Good Luck -- Cotterill & Fenner Co.

Good Luck -- Drummond

Good Smoke -- Pierre Lorillard

Gondola -- Pierre Lorillard

Greek Slave -- Commonwealth Tobacco Co.

Green Turtle -- Pierre Lorillard

Greenback -- American Tobacco Co.

Greenback -- Marburg Brothers

Grizzly -- Pierre Lorillard

Gypsy Queen -- Goodwin

Happy Thought -- Pierre Lorillard

Happy Thought -- Wilson McNally

Hard A Port -- Thompson & C. Moors

Hard Plan -- H.M. Ferguson

Hard Tack -- American Tobacco Co.

Havana Consul Penete -- Pierre Lorillard

Havana Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Havana Segar -- Waldorf-Astoria Segar Co.

Havannah -- Amber & Co.

Hazel Nut -- John J. Bagley

Helma -- Pierre Lorillard

Helmar Turkish -- American Tobacco Company

His Majesty's -- Benson & Hedges

Hoffman House Magnum -- Pierre Lorillard

Honest -- American Tobacco Co.

Honey Dew -- John Anderson & Co.

Horse Shoe -- Cotterill & Fenner

Horse Shoe -- Drummond

Hoyt's Medium -- American Tobacco Co

Hunki-Dori -- Chapin Stuart & Co.

Hunter -- H.M. Ferguson

Ideal -- Pierre Lorillard

Imperial Cavendish -- Allen & Ginter

Imperialette -- S. Monday

Imported -- Benson & Hedges

Improved Shorts -- Pierre Lorillard

India House -- Pierre Lorillard

Indian -- Amber & Company

Ivanhoe -- American Tobacco Co.

I. X.L. -- American Tobacco Co.

Jack & Jill -- American Tobacco Co.

Jack Rose -- Pierre Lorillard

John Dew -- Kaufmann, A.G

Jolly Tar -- Continental Tobacco Co.

Just Suits -- Pierre Lorillard

Kaiser (Gold Tip) -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

Karam -- Aslan Brothers

Kensington -- Brucker & Boghein

Kismen -- Strater Brothers

Kool -- Kool Brown & Williamson Co.

La Corona (Plain) -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

La Corona -- Benson & Hedges

La Flor de Cuba -- Benson & Hedges

La Marquise -- American Tobacco Co.

La Rosa -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Latest English -- American Tobacco & Sons

Leather Stocking -- C. Bickel

Level Head -- Pierre Lorillard

Libertad -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Lime Kiln Club -- Bagley & Company

Little Drummer -- Drummond

Little Joker -- American Tobacco Co.

Little Joker -- G.W. Gail

Little Rhody -- Pierre Lorillard

Little Sparks -- F.W. Felener

London Life -- American Tobacco Co.

Londres -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Long Cut -- W. & Son Duke

Lorillard's Stripped -- Pierre Lorillard

Louisiana Perique -- Allen & Ginter

Lucky Strike -- American Tobacco Co.

Lucky Strike -- R.A. Petterson

Luscious Luxury -- Pierre Lorillard

Luxury -- American Tobacco Co.

Lyceum -- Duke & Son

Mail Pouch -- Block Brothers

Manilla -- Amber & Company

Matinee -- Oliver & Robinson

Match -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Mecca -- American Tobacco Co.

Mechanic's Delight -- Pierre Lorillard

Melachrino -- L. Melachrino

Mellowleaf -- Commonwealth Tobacco Co.

Melrose -- British-American Co.

Melrose -- Marburg Brothers

Mercedes (Gold Tip) -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

Mexican -- Amber & Co.

Mild Number 2 -- Pierre Lorillard

Miner's Stript -- Pierre Lorillard

Mogul Egyptian -- American Tobacco Co.

Moon Spot -- Van Slyke & Horton

Mule Ear -- Wellman & Dwire Co.

Murad -- American Tobacco Co.

Myrtle Navy -- American Tobacco Co.

Napoleons -- Allen & Ginter

Navy -- G.W. Gail

Nebo -- Pierre Lorillard

Neptune -- Adams, J.L.

Neptune -- Buchanan & Lyalls

New Cross Bar -- Drummond

Nigger Head -- American Tobacco Co.

Night Watch -- Banner Co.

Night Watch -- American Tobacco Co.

Number 1 -- Benson & Hedges

Number 1 -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Egypt -- Pierre Lorillard

Old English -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Fashion -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Gold -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Gold -- British American Co.

Old Gold -- Kimball & Co.

Old Gold -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Guebeck -- Benson & Hedges

Old Guebeck Gold -- Benson & Hedges

Old Honesty -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Honesty -- John Finzer

Old Judge -- British-American Co.

Old Judge -- Kimball & Co.

Old Judge -- Goodwin Co.

Old Judge -- Allen & Ginter

Old Nut -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Rip -- British-American Co.

Old Rip -- Allen & Ginter

Old Sledge -- Edel

Old Tom -- Pierre Lorillard

Old Virginia Cheroots -- American Tobacco Co.

Old Virginia Cheroots -- Whitlock Co.

Olympia -- Gail, G.W.

Omar Turkish -- American Tobacco Co.

Omega Kentucky -- Pierre Lorillard

Opera -- Kerbs, Werthim & Schiffer

Opera Puff -- Allen & Ginter

Oronoko -- Pierre Lorillard

Our Country's Pride -- Collins Cigar Co.

Our game -- Alex Cameron

Our Little Beauties -- Allen & Ginter

Our Pet Nave -- Goddard Co.

Owl -- Straitron & Storm

Pall Mall -- American Tobacco Co.

Panetelas -- S. Monday & Son

Parliament -- Benson & Hedges

Parole -- Pierre Lorillard

Pastime -- John Finzer Co.

Pearl -- Pierre Lorillard

Peerless -- Kimball & Co.

Pedro -- American Tobacco Co.

Pedro Murias -- Benson & Hedges

Perfection -- Allen & Ginter

Perfection Mixture -- Pierre Lorillard

Perique Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Pet -- Allen & Ginter

Peter Schuyler -- Van Slyke & Horton

Pink -- Pierre Lorillard

Pioneer Crown -- Allen & Ellis

Piper Heidsieck -- American Tobacco Co.

Pippin -- Banner Company

Pippins -- H. Traisser & Co.

Plain Light -- Pierre Lorillard

Planet -- Buchannan & Lyalls

Polar Bear -- Pierre Lorillard

Preferred Stock -- American Tobacco Co.

Prince Albert -- R.J. Reynolds

Princess Charlotte -- A.B.C. Importation Co.

Pure Virginia -- Pierre Lorillard

Purity -- Cameron & Cameron

Quality Puffs -- S. Monday & Sons

Queen of the Seas -- Alex Cameron & Co.

Raleigh -- Brown & Williamson Co.

Red Cross -- Pierre Lorillard

Regalia -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Richmond Cavendish -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Gem Mild -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Gem Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Mixture #1 -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Mixture #2 -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Straight -- Allen & Ginter

Richmond Straight #1 -- Allen & Ginter

Right Bower -- Allen & Ginter

Ripple Navy -- Pierre Lorillard

Robert Burns -- Straiton & Storm

Rose Leaf -- Pierre Lorillard

Royal Bengals -- Pierre Lorillard

Royal Bengals -- Pierre Lorillard

Russian #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Gold -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Gold #3 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Mouthpiece #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Mouthpiece #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Russian Mouthpiece #3 -- Benson & Hedges

Rustic -- George Bell

Sailor's Delight -- Pierre Lorillard

Sailor's Pride -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Satins -- American Tobacco Co.

Seal of North Carolina -- American Tobacco Co.

Seal Skin -- Commonwealth Tobacco

Sensation -- Peter Lorillard

Siesta -- Pierre Lorillard

Silk -- Strasser Co.

Si Peu Que Rein -- Benson & Hedges

Snow Flake -- American Tobacco Co.

Solace -- John Anderson & Co.

Something Good -- James Butler Co.

Sovereign -- Butler & Butler

Spanish Puffs -- American Tobacco Co.

Spear Head -- American Tobacco Co.

Special -- American Tobacco Co.

Special Favours -- American Tobacco Co.

Splendid -- Pierre Lorillard

Sport -- H.M. Lockrow

Sporting Extra -- American Tobacco Co.

Spot Cash -- H.P. Brewster

Stag -- Pierre Lorillard

St. Ledger -- Pierre Lorillard

Straw #1 -- Benson & Hedges

Straw Extra Mild #4 -- Benson & Hedges

Straw Tip #2 -- Pierre Lorillard

Stripped -- Pierre Lorillard

Sub-Rosa -- Pierre Lorillard

Sunny South -- Allen & Ginter

Sunnyside -- American Tobacco Co.

Suwanee River -- Van Slyke & Co.

Sweet Banner -- American Tobacco Co.

Sweet Caporal -- American Tobacco Co.

Sweet Caporal -- Kinny Co.

Sweet Conqueror -- Pierre Lorillard

Sweet Golden Seal -- Buchner & Co.

Sweet Lavender -- American Tobacco Co.

Sweet Maple -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Tareyton -- American Tobacco Co.

Ten Minute -- Marburg Brothers

Three Black Cows -- Pierre Lorillard

Three Kings -- William S. Kimball Co.

Tiger -- Pierre Lorillard

Tin Tag -- Pierre Lorillard

Toko -- Bland Tobacco Co.

Tolstoi -- American Tobacco Co.

Troy -- American Tobacco Co.

Tuberose -- Pierre Lorillard

Turkey Red -- Pierre Lorillard

Turkish Cross Cut -- American Tobacco Co.

Turkish Mixture -- Allen & Ginter

Tuxedo -- American Tobacco Co.

Uncle Sam -- Nall & Williams

Union Leader -- Pierre Lorillard

Upper Cut -- L. Miller & Son

Vafiadis -- Ligget & Myers

Van Bibber -- American Tobacco Co.

Vanity Fair -- Kimballs

Velvet -- Ligget & Myers

Venable's Cockade -- S.W. Venable Tobacco Co.

Veteran -- American Tobacco Co.

Victory -- Buchner & Co.

Victory -- American Tobacco Co.

Villar y Villar -- Benson & Hedges

Virginia Brights -- Allen & Ginter

Virginia Brights -- American Tobacco Co.

Virginia Cheroots -- Pierre Lorillard

Virginia's Choice -- [Unknown]

Virginia Leaf -- John Cornish Co.

Wandering Jew -- Clark Brewer & Sons

Welcome -- Goodwin

West Virginia Mail Pouch -- Block Brothers Co.

Wings -- Brown & Williamson Co.

Winner -- H.M. Ferguson

White Puff -- Pierre Lorillard

Wild Rose Chipped -- Pierre Lorillard

XX Navy Clipping -- Pierre Lorillard

Yacht Club -- Pierre Lorillard

Yasoa -- S. Monday & Son

Yellow Jacket -- Pierre Lorillard

Yellow Kid -- National Tobacco Co.

Zira -- Pierre Lorillard

Zoo Zoo -- Wilson & McNally Co.

Zubelda -- Pierre Lorillard
Materials in the Archives Center:
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Tobacco Trade and Industry is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Business ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Tobacco
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tobacco
Online Media:

Benson & Hedges

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1906-1914
Scope and Contents:
New York, New York
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Tobacco and Tobacco-Related Product Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tobacco-ref708

Benson & Hedges

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 64, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965
Scope and Contents:
New York, New York
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tobacco Trade and Industry / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Tobacco and Tobacco-Related Product Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tobacco-ref709

Hedge Trimmers

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 40
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lawn Mowers and Lawn Accessories, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lawn Mowers and Lawn Accessories
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lawn Mowers and Lawn Accessories / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 2: Lawn Accessories
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-lawnmowers-ref560

Hedges, Mockbee and Company

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Mills and Manufacturers of Millng Equipment
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-mills-ref542

Scott and Hedges

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Cincinnati, Ohio
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Mills and Manufacturers of Millng Equipment
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-mills-ref567

Atlanta -- Trygveson

Landscape designer:
Reid, J. Neel (Joseph Neel), 1885-1926  Search this
Shutze, Philip Trammell  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Georgia -- Atlanta
Scope and Contents:
17 35mm slides (photographs) and 1 file folder. Image date from 1922, 1925, 1926 and 1940.
General:
Georgia's climate and flora were similar enough to Tuscany to inspire this Italian Baroque style house and gardens on a 40-acre property, designed by J. Neel Reid in 1923. There was a boundary screen of cedars and cherry laurel along the road with a winding drive to the entrance court through pine underplanted with native azaleas. Additional plantings of oleaster, yucca and gardenias led to wisteria on a loggia, espaliered magnolias, and pots and tubs of pomegranates, orange trees, oleanders and geraniums. North of the house there were steps to a formal boxwood and clipped ivy parterre with a small pool in the center and a tiny frog pool to one side in a wild garden of azaleas, kalmias and native ferns growing above mixed violets. Beyond the parterre an oval stretch of lawn had another pool with a tall water jet, enclosed by a hedge of sheared arbor vitae bordered by a double allée of magnolias. On the other side of the house the courtyard overlooked the tennis court, orchard, terraced cutting garden, and the road to a farm and vineyard partly screened by pine, mimosa and bamboo. Additional Italian-style features included large terra cotta jars and stone pots of aloes and azaleas, climbing vines on the buff-colored high walls of the terrace, and two Baroque statues at the sides of the shallow steps.

Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Calhoun (former owners, 1923-1948); Mr. and Mrs. Roby Robinson (former owners, 1948-1961); Mr. and Mrs. Allison Thornwell (former owners, 1961- ); J. Neel Reid (architect and landscape designer, c. 1923-1925); Philip Trammell Shutze (terrace gardens designer, c. 1925).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File GA044
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Georgia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref23101

Hedges, William S. and Company, New York, New York

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Jewelry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Jewelry
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Jewelry / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Manufacturers, Distributors and Retailers of Jewelry
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-jewelry-ref810

Benson & Hedges, City unknown, New York

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Dealer in Chippendale Furniture
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Companies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-furniture-ref625

Hagerstown Hedge & Fencing Co., Hagerstown, Maryland

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center Subject Categories: Fences, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences / 1: Manufacturers and Distributors
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-fences-ref550

National Hedge & Wire Co., Pennsylvania

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center Subject Categories: Fences, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences / 1: Manufacturers and Distributors
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-fences-ref568

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