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Hedge Trimmers

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 40
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lawn Mowers and Lawn Accessories, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lawn Mowers and Lawn Accessories
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Lawn Mowers and Lawn Accessories / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 2: Lawn Accessories
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-lawnmowers-ref560

Hedges, Mockbee and Company

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Mills and Manufacturers of Millng Equipment
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-mills-ref542

Scott and Hedges

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Cincinnati, Ohio
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mills / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Mills and Manufacturers of Millng Equipment
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-mills-ref567

Hedges, William S. and Company, New York, New York

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Jewelry, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Jewelry
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Jewelry / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Manufacturers, Distributors and Retailers of Jewelry
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-jewelry-ref810

Benson & Hedges, City unknown, New York

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Dealer in Chippendale Furniture
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Furniture and Furnishings / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / 1: Companies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-furniture-ref625

Hagerstown Hedge & Fencing Co., Hagerstown, Maryland

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center Subject Categories: Fences, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences / 1: Manufacturers and Distributors
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-fences-ref550

National Hedge & Wire Co., Pennsylvania

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center Subject Categories: Fences, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Fences / 1: Manufacturers and Distributors
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-fences-ref568

Hedges & Powers

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 12, Folder 29
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Wholesale Dealers in Boots and Shoes; New York, New York
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Sears, Roebuck & Co. catalogs are restricted due to fragile condition. Researchers should consult microfilm in NMAH library for 1880-1983 editions, drawer 692. Some additional items may be restricted due to fragile condition. Off-site materials must be requested in advance. Consult Archives Staff.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Dry Goods, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Dry Goods
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Dry Goods / Business Records and Marketing Material / Companies and Proprietors / H-He
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-dry-ref2611

Hedge, F., Boston, Massachusetts

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 56
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engraving, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engraving
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Engraving / Business Records, Marketing Material, and Other / Engravers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-engraving-ref602

Atlanta -- Trygveson

Landscape designer:
Reid, J. Neel (Joseph Neel), 1885-1926  Search this
Shutze, Philip Trammell  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Georgia -- Atlanta
Scope and Contents:
17 35mm slides (photographs) and 1 file folder. Image date from 1922, 1925, 1926 and 1940.
General:
Georgia's climate and flora were similar enough to Tuscany to inspire this Italian Baroque style house and gardens on a 40-acre property, designed by J. Neel Reid in 1923. There was a boundary screen of cedars and cherry laurel along the road with a winding drive to the entrance court through pine underplanted with native azaleas. Additional plantings of oleaster, yucca and gardenias led to wisteria on a loggia, espaliered magnolias, and pots and tubs of pomegranates, orange trees, oleanders and geraniums. North of the house there were steps to a formal boxwood and clipped ivy parterre with a small pool in the center and a tiny frog pool to one side in a wild garden of azaleas, kalmias and native ferns growing above mixed violets. Beyond the parterre an oval stretch of lawn had another pool with a tall water jet, enclosed by a hedge of sheared arbor vitae bordered by a double allée of magnolias. On the other side of the house the courtyard overlooked the tennis court, orchard, terraced cutting garden, and the road to a farm and vineyard partly screened by pine, mimosa and bamboo. Additional Italian-style features included large terra cotta jars and stone pots of aloes and azaleas, climbing vines on the buff-colored high walls of the terrace, and two Baroque statues at the sides of the shallow steps.

Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Calhoun (former owners, 1923-1948); Mr. and Mrs. Roby Robinson (former owners, 1948-1961); Mr. and Mrs. Allison Thornwell (former owners, 1961- ); J. Neel Reid (architect and landscape designer, c. 1923-1925); Philip Trammell Shutze (terrace gardens designer, c. 1925).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File GA044
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Georgia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref23101

Elkins -- Halliehurst

Former owner:
Elkins, Stephen B. (Stephen Benton)  Search this
Architect:
Mott, Charles T.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
3 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Halliehurst (Elkins, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Randolph County -- Elkins
General:
Halliehurst was situated on a the 450-acre estate in Elkins, West Virginia. The mansion was the summer home of the lawyer, industrialist, and politician, Senator Stephen Benson Elkins and his wife Hallie Davis Elkins. The mansion was named for Mrs. Elkins, who had the distinction of being a daughter, wife, and mother to members of the US Senate. The 16,000 square-foot mansion was designed by the notable New York architect, Charles T. Mott after a Rhineland castle admired by Mrs. Elkins. The site for the mansion was chosen for its proximity to the upcoming terminal of one of Elkins railroads. Construction began on the baronial mansion in 1890 using locally sourced hardwoods and stone. While the turreted structure, with towers, columns, dormers, chimneys, and a steep hipped roof defies any direct architectural style, its closest relation is the Shingle style. The grounds around the mansion were extensively planted for the Elkins family, and the estate also functioned as a farm.

Soon after its construction, Senator Henry Gassaway Davis, the father of Mrs. Elkins and business partner of Senator Elkins, constructed his summer home, Graceland, on the estate next door. This pair of mansions is representative of the wealth and influence of two Gilded-Age businessmen-politicians, and as a result of their enterprises the town of Elkins grew up around them. The mansion and 60 acres of the land were deeded to Davis and Elkins College in 1923, by Senator Elkins widow, and it has served as dormitory, classroom space, home of the college president, and today houses the offices of the President, Admission, and Development. Halliehurst was listed individually on the National Register of Historic Landmarks in 1982, at which point the mansion was completely restored. In 1996, Halliehurst was incorporated into the Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, a discontinuous district comprised of four separate historic buildings on the campus of Davis and Elkins College.

Persons associated include: Senator Stephen Benton Elkins (former owner), Baldwin and Pennington (architects), and Davis & Elkins College (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, Elkins, Randolph County, West Virginia, National Register #70000666 and #96001129.
Varying Form:
Also known as Hallihurst and Senator Stephen Benton Elkins' House.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Elkins  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Landscape gardening  Search this
Hillsides  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV022
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1808

[Unidentified Garden in Unidentified Location]: flower beds and stone path adjacent to house.

Collection Donor:
Hiller, John  Search this
Extent:
1 autochromes (photographs) (lantern slide.)
Type:
Archival materials
Autochromes (photographs)
Lantern slides
Place:
Unidentified Garden (Unknown location).
Date:
circa 1920-1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Houses  Search this
Paths  Search this
Steps  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Benches, stone  Search this
Outdoor furniture  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Genre/Form:
Autochromes (photographs)
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, John Hiller lantern slide collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HIL, Item HLR073
See more items in:
John Hiller lantern slide collection
John Hiller lantern slide collection / Series 1: Garden Images / Unidentified Location
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-hil-ref1006

[Unidentified Garden in Unidentified Location]: view of sunken garden with flower beds and hedges.

Collection Donor:
Hiller, John  Search this
Extent:
1 autochromes (photographs) (lantern slide.)
Type:
Archival materials
Autochromes (photographs)
Lantern slides
Place:
Unidentified Garden (Unknown location).
Date:
circa 1920-1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Lawns  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Paths  Search this
Flower beds  Search this
Stones  Search this
Roses  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Sunken gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Autochromes (photographs)
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, John Hiller lantern slide collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HIL, Item HLR145
See more items in:
John Hiller lantern slide collection
John Hiller lantern slide collection / Series 1: Garden Images / Unidentified Location
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-hil-ref1024

Miami -- Vizcaya

Former owner:
Deering, James, 1859-1925)  Search this
Architect:
Hoffman, Francis Burrell, 1882-1980)  Search this
Landscape architect:
Suarez, Diego, 1888-1974  Search this
Sculptor:
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
5 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Vizcaya estate (Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County -- Miami
Date:
circa 1930-1950
General:
The Vizcaya gardens span over ten acres surrounding the former winter home of the wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts, James Deering (1859-1925). The Vizcaya estate, located in the Coconut Grove area of Miami, was conceived of by Deering and artist and designer Paul Chalfin (1874-1959). Together they traveled extensively through Europe, particularly Italy, to inspire the design for Deering's South Florida retreat. Vizcaya which means "an elevated place" in Basque, was built in the years 1914 to 1916, and transformed a jungle tract of land into one of the most celebrated houses on the Eastern Seaboard. Diego Suarez (1888-1974), a Columbia-born landscape architect trained in Florence, Italy, was commissioned to create a modern, subtropical interpretation of classical, European Renaissance and Baroque landscape design suited to Miami's climate and terrain. Suarez' extensive knowledge of Italian gardens was combined with a consciousness of architectural design to create a setting for the house.

The garden scheme was divided into various terraces and areas, including a completely walled secret garden, a maze garden, theater garden, pergola garden, and the fountain garden, which features a fountain from the town square of Sutri, Italy. Plants were chosen for their ability to withstand south Florida's climate and pests and combined with native soil and plant materials in designs inspired by gardens seen by Deering and Chalfin on their tours of Italy and France. Varieties of bougainvillea, roses, water lilies, and jasmine were among the flowers found throughout the gardens, along with potted pines and podocarpus, some carefully trimmed in the art of topiary. The gardens were trimmed with hedges and trees and feature decorative walls, balustrades, urns, and sculpture. The areas were supplied with water through designed elements meant to compliment the garden such as pools, cascades, a frescoed grotto pool, fountains, and a system of canals, which invokes scenes on the waterways of Venice.

Unique among country estates, the gardens of Vizcaya integrated statues, busts, vases and urns that ranged from antiquity to the Renaissance and Baroque periods, as well as modern art from Deering's time into the lush vegetation. As the artistic advisor of the property, Paul Chalfin, acquired artifacts as decoration rather than to create a collection. Garden artworks ranged from antique elements to new sculptural decorations by contemporary artists. The gardens also featured several structures including a Baroque casino (garden house), decorative bridges, a large boathouse with a rooftop garden, and a domed garden house called the Casba. The most celebrated outdoor feature was the Barge by artist Alexander Stirling Calder (1870–1945), located in the water in front of the house. In addition to the house and gardens, the grounds also housed a swimming pool and tennis courts. Over two-thirds of the estate, originally 180 acres of subtropical forest along the shores of Biscayne Bay, remains in its natural state. The untouched hammock, shoreline, and pineland serves as a background for the more formal main gardens and along the drive up to the house. The Vizcaya property was surrounded by a wall with decorative paintings on stone and wrought-iron grills.

The house was designed to take advantage of its location on west shore of Biscayne Bay and each side of the house had a unique relationship with the surrounding grounds with loggias, terraces, arcades, and a partially enclosed swimming pool and, from some rooms, views of the gardens and bay. Architect F. Burrell Hoffman Jr. (1884-1980) was commissioned to design the house in the manner of an Italian Renaissance-style villa. Hoffman adapted traditional Mediterranean architectural elements to the subtropical climate in the palatial 70-room mansion. The beautifully planned interior was designed around an airy garden courtyard with a peripheral gallery, originally open to the sky, that was the heart and primary living space of the home. The house embraced modern conveniences and employed the latest technology of the period with an automated telephone switch board, a central vacuum-cleaning system, central heating, several elevators, generators and a water filtration system. The house also included a billiard room, bowling alley, and smoking room. The interiors were designed by the artistic advisor Paul Chalfin around objects acquired on Deering's travels in period rooms ranging in style from the Renaissance through the Neoclassical. The villa housed entire ceilings, mural paintings, chimney pieces, carved paneling, and doorways removed from foreign palaces along with rare rugs, tapestries, and antique furnishings. A working farm called the "Village" with eleven outbuildings was also located on the estate. These buildings were designed to look like an Italian village by Hoffman to compliment the architecture of the house. The Village included barns, stables, chicken houses, mechanical shops, housing for the staff, and the gate lodge making it nearly self-sufficient. A pumphouse provided water for the flower and vegetable gardens, groves for citrus, pineapple, and other fruits, greenhouses, and a large shade house for delicate plants grown at the Village to supply the mansion.

The estate, mansion, and its interiors were celebrated in magazines of the time. Deering occupied the house for four months each winter season beginning at Christmas in 1916.The whole complex was created for entertaining and recreation and Deering frequently invited family, visitors, and houseguests to the enjoy his estate. After Deering's death in 1925, the estate passed to his brother's children. Some of the acreage was sold off, and in 1952 Dade County purchased the remaining land and house. With donations of art and furniture from the family, the Vizcaya estate, became a decorative arts museum operated by Dade County Park and Recreation Department. The property, including the house, gardens, hammock forest, and Vizcaya Village, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994.

Other notable artists who contributed to the house and grounds were: Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945), Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935), Robert Chanler (1872-1930), Charles Gary Rumsey (1879-1922), Ettore Pellagatta (1881-1966), Paul Thevenez (1891-1921), and Samuel Yellin (1885-1940).

Persons associated include: James Deering (former owner), F. Burrall Hoffman, Jr. (architect), Paul Chalfin (architect of interiors), Diego Suarez (landscape architect), and Alexander Stirling Calder (sculptor), and Metro Dade County Park & Recreation Department (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Vizcaya, Miami, Dade County, Florida, National Register #70000181.
Varying Form:
Also known as Villa Vizcaya, Vizcaya Palace, Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, and the James Deering Estate.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Seaside gardening  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File FL083
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1329

Fairmont -- High Gate House

Former owner:
Watson, James Edwin  Search this
Architect:
Trumbauer, Horace  Search this
Landscape architect:
Paul, Oglesby  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
2 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
High Gate House (Fairmont, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Marion County -- Fairmont
Date:
circa 1930-1950
General:
High Gate was the estate of James Edwin Watson, heir to a West Virginia coal dynasty, and was located in his native city, Fairmont, West Virginia. Designed by notable Philadelphia architect, Horace Trumbauer, the twenty-five-room mansion was completed by 1912. Trumbauer's design was in the Jacobethan Revival style, which pulled elements from manor houses of the Jacobean and Elizabethan periods, particularly the use of half-timbered, stucco-clad walls. Also called "Stockbroker's Tudor" style, the mansion and adjacent carriage house were surrounded by immense, ornamental iron gates and fencing, which earned the property its name. Named for the immense iron gates at the entrance of the property.

A frequent collaborator of Horace Trumbauer, Philadelphia landscape architect, Oglesby Paul, designed the grounds. Around the mansion and in the courtyard of the carriage house, Paul employed flower beds, boxed hedges, shrubbery, catalpa, white birch, and magnolia trees. To the rear of the buildings, exotic trees and shrubs highlighted a box garden, tennis court, and a sunken garden, which featured lighting around stone conversation benches. The gardens also included garden ornaments such as a sundial and large bird bath. The regulation, clay tennis court was once the home of the Tiffany Cup Championship games.

Following the death of Watson, the home was sold to the Sisters of St. Joseph in 1929. The renamed it St. Joseph's Villa and used it as a rest home and later a kindergarten. It later became the Ross funeral home and the carriage house became a nursing home. In 1982, High Gate was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and was later transferred to the Vandalia Heritage Foundation, an organization promoting historic preservation throughout northern West Virginia.

Persons associated include: James Edwin Watson (former owner), Horace Trumbauer (architect), Oglesby Paul (landscape architect), the Sisters of Saint Joseph (former owner), and Vandalia Heritage Foundation (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, High Gate, Fairmont, Marion County, West Virginia, National Register #82004326.
Varying Form:
Also known as James Edwin Watson House, Saint Joseph's Villa, and Ross Funeral Home.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Fairmont  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Allées  Search this
Tudor Revival  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV008
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1809

Tulsa -- Villa Philbrook

Former owner:
Phillips, Waite  Search this
Architect:
Delk, Edward Beuhler  Search this
Landscape architect:
Hare & Hare  Search this
Owner:
Philbrook Museum of Art  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Oklahoma -- Tulsa
Villa Philbrook (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
Date:
1930-1950
General:
Philbrook Museum of Art is located in Tulsa, Oklahoma at the former Waite Phillips estate. The museum housed in the Villa Philbrook, an Italianate mansion surrounded by of 25 acres of gardens. The estate was created for the wealthy oilman and philanthropist Waite Phillips (1883-1964) and his wife Genevieve Elliott Phillips (1887-1979) and their two children in 1926-1927. The gardens around the mansion were the result of a collaboration of the owners, the house's architect, and the firm of Hare & Hare, Landscape Architects & City Planners. To complement Delk's architectural designs, the garden design combined French, and English garden iconography with inspiration from Villa Lante, an Italian country estate by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola in 1566. They followed Renaissance models with features such as formal gardens, cascading water feature, rock garden and pond terminated by a tempietto. The main emphasis was placed on the East Formal Garden, which was designed on axis with the villa's grand hall. The Italian preference for a predominately green palette was achieved with beds of English ivy, low hedges of Chinese privet, clipped spheres of bay or boxwood and tall red cedars chosen to mimic Italian cypress. Beyond the formal garden stretches a pastoral grove. Important to Genevie Philips was a scheme that featured plants native to the area. Specimens were collected from the native woods on the property, and used in along the flagstone walkways, in borders, and on slopes near house. Yuccas, cedars, dogwood, elder, and serviceberry were among the varieties incorporated into the Italianate design. Structures found throughout the gardens include the Tempietto, the Summer House built in 1933, fountains in the East Formal Garden, the grotto, and a fireplace.

To design their home, the Philips commissioned a Kansas City architect, Edward Buehler Delk (1885–1956), as well as designing Villa Philmonte for their ranch in Cimarron, New Mexico, and the Philtower office building in downtown Tulsa. For Villa Philbrook, Delk interpreted the most fashionable styles of the day in his plans for the 72-room Italian Renaissance villa. It is situated high on the property, overlooking the gardens and to get the breezes in warmer months. The façade of the house is unpretentious with spare use of classical ornament. The house and grounds are linked by the addition of arches and windows, which frame views of the garden, as well as a loggia and terrace that overlooks the most formal of the gardens.

After only eleven years living at Philbrook, the Philips family donated the estate to the community to become Tulsa's first art museum. The house underwent major renovations, and the landscape architecture firm, Hare and Hare, were brought back in to work on the conversion of the gardens from private to public. In 1939 the Philbrook Art Museum (later Philbrook Museum of Art) opened to the public. The gardens were briefly used as a botanical garden concerned with the development, preservation and exhibition of native species to Oklahoma and the Southwest. From 2002-2004, Howell & Vancuren designed another major garden renovation with the support of the Philips family. The Philips also gave Villa Philmonte and the Philmont Ranch to the Boy Scouts of America, and today both institutions continue to serve their communities.

Contributions to the construction of Villa Philbrook were made by multiple craftspeople and artists including George Gibbs, Oscar Bach, Bertram Segar, Cooper & Gentiluomo, Edward F. Caldwell & Co., and Jørgen Dreyer.

Persons associated include: Waite and Genevieve Phillips (former owner), Edward Buehler Delk (architect), S. Herbert Hare of Hare & Hare, Landscape Architects & City Planners (landscape architect), Howell & Vancuren (landscape architects), and Philbrook Museum of Art, Inc. (owner).
Varying Form:
Also known as Philbrook Art Museum and Philbrook Museum of Art.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Oklahoma -- Tulsa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File OK001
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Oklahoma
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1703

[Hillwood]

Owner:
Long Island University. C. W. Post College  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (black-and-white.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
New York (State) -- Brookville
Hillwood (Brookville, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Oyster Bay -- Brookville
Date:
1935.
General:
This is one of three images mounted on a single board. The first two are under NY460014.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Topiary work  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Walkways, stone  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- New York -- Brookville  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY460015
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY460: Brookville -- Hillwood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref29181

[Crocker Garden]: herb garden and back of house with greenhouse on far right.

Photographer:
Adams, Molly, 1918-2003  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Crocker Garden (Laurel Hollow, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Oyster Bay -- Syosset
Date:
[between 1960 and 1975]
General:
In the Maida Babson Adams American Garden Collection there is also the original 4 x 5 in. transparency from which the slide was created.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Summer  Search this
Herb gardens  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Roses  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Stepping stones  Search this
Vines  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- New York -- Syosset  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item NY497043
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York / NY497: Laurel Hollow (Syosset) -- Crocker Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref29207

[Crocker Garden]: herb garden with patio at right rear.

Photographer:
Adams, Molly, 1918-2003  Search this
Collection Creator:
Adams, Molly, 1918-2003  Search this
Extent:
1 Transparencie (col., 4 x 5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Transparencies
Place:
Crocker Garden (Laurel Hollow, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- Nassau County -- Oyster Bay -- Syosset
Date:
[between 1960 and 1975]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- New York -- Syosset  Search this
Trees  Search this
Outdoor furniture  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Herb gardens  Search this
Walkways, gravel  Search this
Lavenders  Search this
Roses  Search this
Patios, flagstone  Search this
Walkways, flagstone  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Edging, brick  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Maida Babson Adams American garden collection.
Identifier:
AAG.ADM, Item NY497045
See more items in:
Maida Babson Adams American garden collection
Maida Babson Adams American garden collection / Series 1: Garden Images / New York / NY497: Laurel Hollow (Syosset) -- Crocker Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-adm-ref1418

Topiary Trees and Hedges, Watercolor by Dabney

Collection Landscape architect:
Wheeler, Perry H., 1914-1989  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Stengle, James M., Dr.  Search this
Collection Creator:
University of Georgia  Search this
Garden Club of America  Search this
Emory University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Extent:
1 Watercolor
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Watercolor
Date:
circa 1960-1968
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Perry H. Wheeler collection.
See more items in:
Perry H. Wheeler collection
Perry H. Wheeler collection / Personal Papers / Artwork and Books
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-whe-ref1676

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