United States of America -- Hawaii -- Honolulu -- Honolulu
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and extensive plant lists for each garden.
Located on approximately .75 acres in Honolulu, Hale 'Opua located ten minutes from downtown Honolulu on the volcanic slopes of the Ko'olau mountains at an elevation of 600 feet. Hale 'Opua means "house in the clouds" in Hawaiian.
There are five garden rooms that surround a one story home built in 1917. The current owners have lived in the home for over forty year and the creation, appreciation and care for the gardens by the owners demonstrate the importance of the Hawaiian concept of 'aloha aina' which means love and respect for the land. The entry garden is called Maka hū a'e. The maidenfair fern wall provides transition to the next garden, the Mili pa'a. Mili pa'a includes fruit trees on the upper path and a pond. The backyard is called Kilo Manu has views of the ocean and the valley of Pauoa. The circular path leads down to the next garden, called Kea la pili, and it includes rock pathways intended for climbing. The last garden is called Ulu hai lei a.
Hale 'Opua was originally a banana plantation. The ironwoods on the west side of the property were a windbreak for the bananas and the front cottage was used as a stable. The Pacific Heights railroad turnaround was in front of the house.
Garden features include benches, ferns, fruit trees, garden walks, orchids, lawns, planting walls, retaining walls, ponds, rock gardens, rockwork, stepping stones, tropical plants, vistas, stone walkways, and water gardens.
Persons associated with the garden include: Samuel Northrup Castle Sr. and Anna Castle (former owners, 1917); Alice Hastings Cooke (former owner, 1953); Peter Hwei-Yang His and Priscilla Lai Fong His (former owners, 1969); Tom Way Wong and Linda Yap Wong (1972); Cole Slater (landscape architect).
Hale 'Opua related holdings consist of 1 folder (33 digital images)
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Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.