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Color transparencies of J.P. Harrington Informants

Collector:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Painter:
Cassidy, Gerald  Search this
Moore  Search this
Names:
Keahtigh, Perry A.  Search this
Kitsepawit  Search this
Librado, Fernando  Search this
Meadows, Isabel  Search this
Smoky, Enoch  Search this
Extent:
8 Slides
Culture:
Rumsen  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Transparencies of four paintings of informants of John P. Harrington, by different artists. Includes 1 duplicate set of slides.
Catalog Number 4643: (1) California (?) Description: Kitsepawit or Fernando Librado. Painter: Gerald Cassidy (signature on painting) S. I. Negative 49,393. (2) Rumsen Meadows, Isabel Painter: "M. H." (signature on painting). BAE Negative Number: S. I. Negative Number 49392. (3) Kiowa Enoch Smoky Painter: Moore (see BAE negative catalog card) BAE Negative Number 49,391. (4) Kiowa Perry A. Keahtigh Painter: Moore (signature on painting) BAE Negative Number: S. I. Negative 49,390.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4643
Local Note:
Transparencies made by Bureau of American Ethnology, October, 1962. (Black and White copy negatives have also been made; S. I. Negatives 49,390-393).
Filed: Slide file, by tribe.
Topic:
Slides  Search this
California  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4643, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4643
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4643

Portraits of anthropologists

Depicted:
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
United States De Soto Expedition Commission  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bond, Q. M.  Search this
Cammerer, Arno B.  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Davis, E. H. (Edwin Hamilton), 1811-1888  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Geary, James A.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knez, Eugene I. (Eugene Irving), 1916-2010  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Le Plongeon, Augustus, 1826-1908  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881  Search this
Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Rink, Signe  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Royce, Charles C., 1845-1923  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Swan, James G., 1818-1900  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Upham, E. P. (Edwin Porter), 1845-1918  Search this
Washburn, Wilcomb E.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Photographer:
Bachrach & Brother  Search this
Blackstone Studios  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Bailey, Vernon Orlando  Search this
Dana (of New York)  Search this
Garrett, Gene  Search this
Gilbert, C. W.  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Kemethy, Kets  Search this
Koby, Paul  Search this
McDonough, David  Search this
Parker, Charles  Search this
Phillips, H. C.  Search this
Rice (of Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Artist:
Nicholson, Grace  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (photogravure)
8 Prints (halftone (including one newspaper clipping))
124 Prints (circa, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
50 copy prints (circa)
3 copper printing plates
1 color print
1 Print (wood engraving)
3 copy negatives (glass)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Color prints
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1860s-1970
Scope and Contents note:
This collection is an artificial collection of photographs, copper plates, and a few notes, all of which depict or relate to anthropologists, many of which were associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Included are portraits of Franz Boas, Q. M. Bond, Arno B. Cammerer, Frank Hamilton Cushing, Edwin Hamilton Davis, J. Woodbridge Davis, Frances Densmore, James Owen Dorsey, Philip Drucker, Jesse Walter Fewkes (including photographs of his home by Frances Densmore), Albert Samuel Gatschet, James A. Geary, De Lancey W. Gill, George Brown Goode, Horatio Hale, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, William Henry Jackson, Eugene Irving Knez, Alfred Louis Kroeber, Pere Albert Lacomb, Augustus Le Plongeon, James Mooney, Lewis Henry Morgan, Carl Oschsicanes, James Constantine Pilling, John Wesley Powell, Frau Signe Rink, Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., Charles C. Royce, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, James Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Julian Haynes Steward, Steward Struever, James Gilchrist Swan, John Reed Swanton, Edwin P. Upham, Wilcomb E. Washburn, and Gordon Randolph Willey. Groups depicted include the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1936; the De Soto Commission; officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1885; a 1920 expedition group to Hawikuk; staff of the Great Lakes Division, United States Geological Survey, in Salt Lake City, 1882; a group at Moundville, Alabama, 1932; the University of Nebraska archeological field party, 1920; the Pecos conference, 1927; John Wesley Powell with Wild Hank, Kentucky Mountain Bill, and Jesus Aloiso; and the United States Geological Survey staff, ca. 1894.

Among photographers represented are Vernon Orlando Bailey, Blackston Studios of New York, Dana of New York, Frances Densmore, Gene Garrett, C. W. Gilbert, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, Kets Kemethy, Paul Koby, David McDonough, H. C. Phillips, Rice of Washington, D. C., and J. A. Shuck of El Reno, Oklahoma.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 33
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Four photographs with negatives by Matilda Coxe Stevenson have been relocated to Photo Lot 23.
This collection includes photographs that have been removed from other collections in the National Anthropological Archives, including MS 4970, MS 4851, MS 4780, MS 4250, MS 4751, MS 4516, MS 4860, MS 4695, MS 4970, MS 4558, and Photo Lot 33.
See others in:
Portraits of anthropologists, 1860s-1960s
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints of photographs held by the American Philosophical Society, National Geographic Society, and National Archives cannot be copied. Copies may be obtained from these repositories.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 33, Portraits of anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.33
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-33

Aleut Sound Recording December 1941

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961  Search this
Informant:
Yatchmeneff, Ivan  Search this
Merkulieff, John  Search this
Assistant:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 17.5in
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Aleuts  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
1941
December 1941
Topic:
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00000538
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_80902

Richard Lynch Garner papers

Creator:
Garner, Richard Lynch, 1848-1920  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet (5 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Gabon
Date:
1891-1941
Summary:
Many facets of Richard Lynch Garner's life and work as an early animal behaviorist observing primates in Africa are represented in these papers. Other than a few notebooks of poems and manuscripts of books Garner had published before he began his study of apes and monkeys, there is little material that reflects his personal life or his work before about 1890. These papers, covering the period of 1891 to 1941, contain a diary, correspondence, articles written for magazines, manuscripts, poetry, notes, data collected on chimpanzees, financial records, legal records, maps, biographical material, artwork, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Many facets of Richard Lynch Garner's life and work as an early animal behaviorist observing primates in Africa are represented in these papers. Other than a few notebooks of poems and manuscripts of books Garner had published before he began his study of apes and monkeys, there is little material that reflects his personal life or his work before about 1890. These papers, covering the period of 1891 to 1941, contain a diary, correspondence, articles written for magazines, manuscripts, poetry, notes, data collected on chimpanzees, financial records, legal records, maps, biographical material, artwork, and photographs.

Many of Garner's observations and writings on the study of the languages of apes are included in this collection. Also included in these papers are comments, notes and essays written by Garner on the French administration of the Congo, on missionaries living in Africa and on the natives themselves. Many, but not all of Garner's writings have been published. Abstracts of many of his articles can be found in the folder "Synopses." Garner also created indices to his works, which may be helpful in navigating his writings. Psychoscope, a book of poems by Garner, was published in 1891 and can be found in this collection along with his other poems. His manuscripts and poems are arranged alphabetically.

Of special interest in this collection is the diary Garner kept while in the French Congo. The diary covers the period of January, 1905 to February, 1906. Also in the collection are data that he collected on chimpanzees, records of his financial transactions with the natives (including the purchase of animals), and rough sketch maps of American Point and Cameroun. The folder "Artwork" contains oil, pen, and pencil drawings of animals, likely intended to illustrate Garner's writings. Among the photographs in the collection are images of Garner, African people, and some of the animals Garner worked with, in particular Susie, his chimpanzee.

Harrington's completed biography on Garner as well as his research notes, reference materials, and drafts can also be found in this collection. In addition, the collection contains obituaries for Garner, presumably collected by his son, Henry. Two letters from Henry Garner to Harrington can be found under "Incoming Correspondence." Most of the outgoing correspondence are addressed to Garner's son.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
There is no discernible arrangement to the collection.
Biographical Note:
Garner, an authority on primitive language, took up the study and investigation of the language, life and habits of anthropoid apes after he realized the usefulness of the phonograph for recording primate communication. According to Harrington, Mr. Garner was the discoverer and initiator of the study of the language of apes, and his work was posthumously proven valid by Robert Mearns Yerkes in approximately 1925.

Chronology

February 19, 1848 -- Born in Abingdon, Virginia

1862 -- Joined the Third Tennessee Mounted infantry Educated at the Jefferson Institute, Tennessee

October 15, 1872 -- Married Margaret E. Gross

1876-1890 -- Worked as a school teacher

1884 -- Began recording monkey language with a phonograph Visited the Cincinnati Zoological Garden, his first ever visit to a zoo.

1892 -- Published The Speech of Monkeys Made first of several trips to the French Congo. Sailed from New York to the French Congo to live in a cage among primates at Lake Fernan Vaz

1900 -- Published Apes and Monkeys

1905 -- Had a house built on an island in Lake Fernan Vaz, French Congo

1916 - 1919 -- Under the Smithsonian Institution, made last expedition to the French Congo

January 22, 1920 -- Died in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Selected Bibliography

1892 -- Garner, Richard Lynch. The Speech of Monkeys. New York: C. L. Webster and Company, 1892.

1896 -- Garner, Richard Lynch. Gorillas & Chimpanzees. London: Osgood, McIlvaine & Co, 1896.

c1900 -- Garner, Richard Lynch. Apes and Monkeys; Their Life and Language. Boston and London: Ginn & Company, c1900. [Includes parts of Gorillas and Chimpanzees]

c1930 -- Garner, Richard Lynch. Autobiography of a Boy; from the Letters of Richard Lynch Garner. An Introduction by Aleš Hrdlička. Washington: Huff Duplicating Co., 1930.
Related Materials:
Other materials at the National Anthropological Archives that relate to Garner can be found in the correspondence of John P. Harrington and Aleš Hrdlička and in the USNM Division of Ethnology Manuscript and Pamphlet File. Garner's lantern slides can be found in Photo Lot 81-58A and Photo Lot 92-46.
Provenance:
The papers of Richard Lynch Garner, early animal behaviorist and expedition leader on occasion for the Smithsonian Institution, were given to Dr. John P. Harrington by Garner's son, Henry. Harrington completed a biography of Garner in 1941. Garner's papers originally entered the National Anthropological Archives as a part of the papers of Harrington, and have since been separated to form their own collection.
Restrictions:
The Richard Lynch Garner papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Chimpanzees  Search this
Primates -- Behavior  Search this
Citation:
Richard Lynch Garner papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.XXXX.0243
See more items in:
Richard Lynch Garner papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-xxxx-0243
Online Media:

MS 1922 Criticism on Mr J. P. Harrington's paper on the Kiowa, Shoshone, and Tanoan tribes

Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Names:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Extent:
8 Pages
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Tanoan Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Tanoan  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also reprint from American Anthropologist, Volume 12, Number 1-January-March 1910 containing Mr Harrington's article comparing the Kiowan and the Tanoan phonetics.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1922
Topic:
Shoshone  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1922, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1922
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1922

C. Hart Merriam photographs of American Indians

Creator:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Boysen Studio  Search this
Diller, J. S.  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Meddaugh, O. E.  Search this
Names:
Muir, John, 1838-1914  Search this
Talbot, Zenaida Merriam (photographer)  Search this
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910  Search this
Extent:
5,000 Items (glass negatives, film negatives, lantern slides, and some prints)
Culture:
Apache Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Jicarilla Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Atsugewi Indians  Search this
Patwin Indians  Search this
Karok Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Shasta Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Panamint Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Mono Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Ohlone Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Luiseño Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Miwok Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Klikitat Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Yana Indians  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Yokayo Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Wasco Indians  Search this
Nisenan Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Photographs
Date:
circa 1902-1938
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting American Indian baskets and portraits of American Indians with whom C. Hart Merriam worked, as well as scenic views and images of animals and plants, mostly in California. Many of the photographs were made by Merriam himself or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J. S. Diller, John Peabody Harrington, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, and O. E. Meddaugh. There are also images acquired from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite and photographs of Mark Twain, John Muir, basketmaker Maggie James, and Merriam's family.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clinton Hart Merriam (1855-1942) was a Columbia University-educated physician who worked as a naturalist, including as head of the Biological Survey for the US Department of Agriculture. He joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as a zoologist in 1899. In 1910, he left the USDA and began to conduct research among the California tribes. Financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E. H. Harriman Fund administered by the Smithsonian, he researched tribes' vocabularies, history, mythology, crafts (particularly basketmaking) until about 1936. His resarch was assisted by his daughter, Zenaida, who took photographs and painted glass slides for him. Merriam served as President of the Anthropological Society of Washington in 1920-1921.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-27
General note:
Additional information supplied by Marvin Shodas.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Merriam's notes held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 1563 and in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA Acc. 12-264.
Additional photographs by Merriam held in the National Museum of American Indian Archives in the Mary Harriman Rumsey Photograph Collection and the Harriman Alaska Expedition Photograph Collection.
Correspondence from Merriam held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4558, the Department of Anthropology records (Manuscript and Pamphlet file), Bureau of American Ethnology records, J.C. Pilling Papers, Ales Hrdlicka Papers, and Jesse Logan Nusbaum Papers.
The Bancroft Library at University of California, Berkeley holds the C. Hart Merriam Papers, C. Hart Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs (prints corresponding to negatives in this collection), and C. Hart Merriam pictorial collection.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Merriamʹs family has requested that credit be given the C. Hart Merriam collection whenever the photographs are used.
Topic:
Baskets  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-27, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-27
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-27

MS 1147 Cochimi and Kiliwi comparative vocabulary

Creator:
Gabb, William M.  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Addressee:
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Cochimi  Search this
Kiliwi  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Diegueño Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
April, 1867
Scope and Contents:
Vocabularies are entered in Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary. Letter transmits these and the Yuma and Diegueno vocabularies filed under 1115. Includes: Letter of W. M. Gabb to George Gibbs. San Francisco. May 17, 1867. Autograph letter signed. 2 pages. Transcript by J. P. Harrington of Gabb's letter to Gibbs, and of note in pencil on cover of ink copy of vocabulary. Typescript document. No date. 4 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1147
Local Note:
Harrington's transcript, and the ink copy of the vocabulary were found among Harrington's papers in April, 1962.
autograph document signed
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Tipai-Ipai  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1147, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1147
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1147

John Peabody Harrington photographs from California

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Former owner:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Names:
Bautista, Bob, c.1843-1923  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Heye, Thea  Search this
Extent:
17 negatives (photographic)
16 Photographic prints
2 copy negatives
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Santa Barbara -- California -- archeology
Ventura County (Calif.)
Santa Barbara (Calif.)
Date:
1923
Summary:
Negatives and photographic prints taken by John Peabody Harrington in Santa Barbara and Ventura County, California in 1923. John Peabody Harrington (1884-1961) was an ethnologist and linguist who specialized in the Native peoples of California and served with the U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology from 1915 to 1955. Beyond his efforts to document innumerable Native languages, Harrington also collected objects for the Bureau of Ethnology and on his own. Photographs in this collection accompanied the objects he sold to or collected for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Scope and Contents:
The John Peabody Harrington photographs from California include negatives and photographic prints taken in 1923 by Harrington while in the field. All of the negatives were taken at the Ventura County fair in the fall of 1923. These photographs depict a group of Chumash men building a grass lodge, organized by J.P. Harrington, as well as Bob Bautista, a Tachi Yokuts man, demonstrating traditional boat and house building. George Gustav Heye is pictured in several shots while the Chumash grass lodge is being built. Prints [P11568-P11572] were made from the aforementioned negatives. There is also one copy negative made from one of the subsequent prints.

The remainder of the photographic prints in this collection were taken during the Burton Mound expedition, funded by Thea Heye and led by John Peabody Harrington in 1923. Photographs taken by Harrington show workers excavating the mound as well images of the mound itself. There are four additional photographs from Burton Mound that were not taken by Harrington. These include an image Of J.P Harrington, D.B. Rogers and George W. Bayley standing with excavated materials. Some of these photographs have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Arrangement:
Physically arranged by catalog number. Negatives: N08762-N08766, N08964-N08975, N35868, N36678. Prints: P06039, P05564-P05566, P09497-P09502, P11568-P11572, P28107.
Biographical / Historical:
John Peabody Harrington (1884-1961) was an ethnologist and linguist employed by the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) for forty years, from 1915 to 1955. He came to the Smithsonian after training at Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley. He became interested in Native American languages upon meeting historically renowned anthropologist A. L. Kroeber. J. P. Harrington was reportedly fluent in nine international languages and eighteen Native American languages.

In 1923, the Museum of the American Indian, Heye foundation provided funding for J.P. Harrington to lead an expedition in Santa Barbara, California to excavate the Burton Mound.

Additional information on John Peabody Harrington can be found on the National Anthropological Archives' website, home to his collection.
Related Materials:
Archaeological materials excavated from Burton Mound can be found in NMAI's archaeological collection. For more information on these object please contact NMAICollections@si.edu.
Provenance:
The negatives were acquired from John Peabody Harrington by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation shortly after they were taken in 1923. It is likely that prints [P11568-P11572] were made from the negatives some time in the 1930s. Prints from Burton Mound [P09497-P09502] were cataloged by the MAI in 1929 though the additional Burton Mound prints arrived with the collection in 1923. The provenance of P06039 and P28107 is unknown.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Mounds -- California -- Santa Barbara  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-040
Online Media:

Chumash Grass Lodge

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Chumash grass lodge or house in course of construction at Ventura County Fair, made by six Chumash men under the direction of John P. Harrington. Flores, a 90-year-old Chumash man, making carriso thatch.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08966
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref10

Chumash Grass Lodge

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Chumash grass lodge or house in course of construction at Ventura County Fair, made by six Chumash men under the direction of John P. Harrington. At work on Chumash grass lodge.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08967
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref11

Chumash Grass Lodge

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Chumash grass lodge or house in course of construction at Ventura County Fair, made by six Chumash men under the direction of John P. Harrington. Chumash grass lodge showing the first two uprights in place.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08968
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref12

Chumash Grass Lodge

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Chumash grass lodge or house in course of construction at Ventura County Fair, made by six Chumash men under the direction of John P. Harrington. Putting the third tier of thatching in place on Chumash grass lodge.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08969
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref13

Chumash Grass Lodge

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Chumash grass lodge or house in course of construction at Ventura County Fair, made by six Chumash men under the direction of John P. Harrington.Tthe completed Chumash grass lodge, with workers posed in front.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08970
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref14

Chumash Grass Lodge

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Chumash  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Chumash grass lodge or house in course of construction at Ventura County Fair, made by six Chumash men under the direction of John P. Harrington. Chumash grass lodge showing second tier of thatching.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08971
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref15

Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923)

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923), Tachi Yokuts, about 80 years old, building a tule rush boat in a farm-like setting. The photo may have been taken at the Ventura County Fair, where Bautista was employed to demonstrate boat and house building.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08972
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref16

Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923)

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923), Tachi Yokuts, about 80 years old, building a tule rush boat in a farm-like setting. The photo may have been taken at the Ventura County Fair, where Bautista was employed to demonstrate boat and house building.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08973
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref17

Tule rush boat

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Tule rush boat made by Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923), on a lake at mouth of Ventura river, with one man rowing, and a boy passenger.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08974
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref18

Tule rush boat

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 negatives (photographic)
Culture:
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1923 September-October
Scope and Contents:
Tule rush boat made by Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923), on a lake at mouth of Ventura river, with one man rowing, and a boy passenger. Dock with people in background.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File N08975
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref19

Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923)

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Culture:
Tachi Yokuts  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
circa 1920
Scope and Contents:
Studio portrait of Bob Bautista (Trehlawat/Trex' Lawat, ca. 1843-1923), posed in a feather headdress, necklace with silver(?) disks, thin beaded or woven shoulder bandolier, a beaded apron with waistband, and wrist ornaments. he is posed among various baskets (one of which appears to contain peppers), on a rug or animal hide, in front of a tasseled drape hung from a planked wall.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some images restriced: Cultural Sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File P28107
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 1: Ventura County Fair
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref20

Burton Mound Expedition

Collection Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Collection Source:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1923
Scope and Contents:
Skull from under reef rock from Burton Mound excavation funded by Thea Heye, led by J.P. Harrington, Santa Barbara, California. RESTRICTED
Restrictions:
Restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); John Peabody Harrington photographs from California, Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.040, File P05564
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California
John Peabody Harrington photographs from California / Series 2: Burton Mound Expedition
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-040-ref21

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