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The Historical Records of the Barnett-Aden Gallery

Creator:
Barnett-Aden Gallery  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Howard University  Search this
Howard University. Gallery of Art  Search this
Aden, Alonzo J., 1906-1963  Search this
Asher, Lila Oliver  Search this
Driskell, David C.  Search this
Ealey, Adolphus  Search this
Greene, Carroll  Search this
Herring, James V. (James Vernon)  Search this
Johnson, Robert L., 1946 April 8-  Search this
Lazzari, Pietro, 1898-1979  Search this
Long, Richard, 1945-  Search this
Porter, James A. (James Amos), 1905-1970  Search this
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962  Search this
Spellman, Gladys Noon  Search this
Thomas, Alma  Search this
Wells, James Lesesne, 1902-1993  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet
Culture:
African American artists  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Ephemera
Catalogues
Business records
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
South Carolina
Date:
1954-1989
bulk 1961-1977
Summary:
The Historical Records of the Barnett-Aden Gallery showcases one of the first galleries owned and operated by African Americans. The work of the Gallery was invaluable as they opened the exhibition space to established and unknown artists regardless of race or gender.
Scope and Contents:
The Historical Records of Barnett-Aden Gallery collection includes historical background materials on the gallery, its founders James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden as well as Adolphus Ealey, its steward after its closure in 1969. The materials include correspondence, business records, photographs, exhibition catalogues, and clippings.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been kept at the folder level and separated into four series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content. Within each series and subseries, the folders are organized as close to the collection's original order as when it was acquired.
Historical Sketch:
The Barnett-Aden Gallery, suggested to be the first African American privately-owned gallery in the U.S, open its doors on October 16, 1943. The gallery was founded by artist and scholar James V. Herring alongside his protegee, curator Alonzo Aden. The gallery was housed in a private home that they shared, located on 127 Randolph Street NW in Washington, DC. These men aimed to create an art gallery that provided a venue for underrepresented artists of all races and genres. It was this partnership that laid the foundation for the shift in African American representation in modern art. Aden stated that the gallery's aims were to help foster new talent while also bringing "art of superior quality" to the community. Throughout its history, the gallery held almost 200 exhibitions and showcased the work of over 400 artists.

James Vernon Herring was born on January 7, 1887 in Clio, South Carolina to an African American mother, Alice Herring (1860-1942), and white father, William Culbreth. As a young man, he moved to Washington, DC for better educational opportunities. Herring was educated at the Howard Academy, a preparatory high school located at nearby Howard University campus. Herring received his undergraduate degree from Syracuse University and completed graduate studies at Columbia and Harvard Universities. Trained in art and classical studies with a focus on French impressionism, Herring was initially brought on Howard University's faculty as architecture instructor in 1920. This experience inspired Herring to create the Department of Art at the university where he convinced former home economics student and future prominent visual artist, Alma Thomas to be the art school's first graduate in 1924. Herring continued to mentor and discover young artists as was the case with Alonzo Aden.

Alonzo Aden was born on May 6, 1906 in Spartanburg, South Carolina to Naomi Barnett (1883-1956) and Ephraim Aden (1859-1917). His working-class parents wanting more for their eldest son, decided to send him to live with relatives in Washington, DC for greater educational opportunities. Aden did well academically and completed some studies at Hampton Institute (now Hampton University) before finally entering Howard University in 1927. The following year, Herring opened the Howard University Gallery of Art and installed Aden as its first curator. Aden initially pursued a career as an educator but became more interested in art history and after his graduation from Howard in 1933, he pursued studies in museum and curatorial work.

Recent scholarship has suggested that Herring and Aden were in a romantic as well as working relationship. Working together in the Howard Gallery of Art, they sought to provide a space for art students, local artists and other relatively unknown artists from around the world. Living together since 1929, Herring supported Aden's post-graduate pursuits including his studies of African arts and crafts in galleries across Europe as well as his curatorial work at the American Negro Exposition in Chicago in 1940. Aden returned to Washington to great acclaim and continued his work with Herring at the Howard Gallery of Art.

The Gallery was housed in a Victorian townhouse located in the then middle-class African American neighborhoods of LeDroit Park and Logan Circle (present-day Bloomingdale). Research notes that the house was purchased during the late 1920s by Herring with some assistance of artist Alma Thomas (or vice versa). Both were listed as owners of the property until 1933 when Aden was listed as the co-owner. In 1943, Aden resigned as head of the Howard Gallery for unknown reasons which led Herring and Aden to open a gallery in their home. The gallery was named after Aden's mother Naomi, who also served as an early benefactor of the gallery giving $1,000 in support. It was the support of various benefactors alongside Herring's salary as a Howard professor and Aden's several "government jobs" that kept the gallery afloat during its time in the home. The first floor of the gallery consisted entirely of exhibition space with the second-floor space interchanged between exhibition, study, and living spaces over the years. Herring's library, also located on the upper floors, was used for research by students and local scholars. Herring and Aden never saw the gallery as a truly profitable venture but instead wanted to offer avenues for the artists to showcase their work. As policy, each artist retained all money earned from sales but were required to donate at least one work of art to the Barnett-Aden collection.

The gallery, the first of its kind in Washington at the time, exhibited works of artists regardless of race; African American artists displayed alongside their more notable white peers. Notable artists featured in the gallery include Henri Matisse, Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, and M.C. Escher were exhibited alongside notable African American artists Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Charles White, Selma Burke as well as many others. Several Howard professors who went on to have notable art careers also exhibited their work at the gallery including James Porter, Lois Mailou Jones, and James Lesesne Wells. Many of the artists featured in the gallery were also greatly involved in the operations. Alma Thomas served gallery's vice president before she began exhibiting her work there in 1950s. Artist and scholar, David Driskell served as the associate director of the gallery after Aden's death.

The gallery held five to eight exhibitions every year including a special annual anniversary exhibition. In 1944, the gallery opened a show featuring Brazilian modern artist, Candido Portinari, who had previously completed a mural at the Library of Congress, that sparked great interest at the gallery. The exhibition opening brought in visitors from all over Washington including members of the president's cabinet, foreign ambassadors and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. This renewed interest created a somewhat hectic pace in keeping up with the work of the gallery. This pace coupled with the full-time jobs and other ventures including a gift shop enabled the gallery to act as a luminary of the African American and local arts community in Washington.

In 1961, while preparing for the annual anniversary exhibition, Alonzo Aden died suddenly. Herring with aid of his friends and students took on the management of the gallery after his partner's death but was unable to keep the pace of Aden's work and the attendance declined. In 1969, Herring died in the home leaving behind a formidable legacy. The home and its contents including the gallery's art collection was sold in order to settle the debts of Herring's estate. The collection was divided amongst three individuals. Artist and former Herring student, Adolphus Ealey inherited the bulk of the collection that featured 250 significant works. Herring's books, graphic drawings, and prints were given to Herring associate and friend, Dr. Felton J. Earls, while the sculptures went to art collectors and friends Dr. and Mrs. Cecil Marquez.

The portion of the collection owned by Ealey was described as the preeminent selection from the gallery's collection. The size and ongoing upkeep of the collection was significant which caused the collection to be moved several times over the years. The collection which out of necessity was originally stored in Ealey's Southwest Washington apartment then moved a to a house in LeDroit Park and then to another space in the Washington neighborhood of Fort Lincoln. Ealey collaborated with colleagues and institutions to have it exhibited in various locations but also bid to find the collection a permanent home. During the 1970s, the collection was featured at the Museum of Afro-American Culture and History in Philadelphia, the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum (now the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum) and the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

Unable to find an institutional home for the collection, Ealey was forced to sell the collection in 1989 to the Florida Endowment Fund for Higher Education. Ealey stipulated that collection must remain intact but also that the new owners had to develop educational and outreach programs focused on African Americans in the arts. Failing to find consistent opportunities to exhibit the collection, the owners were forced to sell the collection. In 1998, Robert L. Johnson, then chairman and founder of the television channel, Black Entertainment Television (BET), purchased the collection. The collection went on a national tour then was displayed for some time at the BET headquarters in Washington. In 2015, Johnson donated selections from the gallery collection to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in an effort to preserve the legacy of the Barnett-Aden Gallery and the tireless work of James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden for generations to come.

Historical Timeline

1897 -- James Vernon Herring was born January 7 in Clio, South Carolina.

1906 -- Alonzo James Aden was born May 6 in Spartanburg, South Carolina.

1914-1916 -- While attending Syracuse University, Herring taught summer classes at Wilberforce University in Ohio for two summers.

1917 -- Herring graduated from Syracuse University with a Bachelors of Pedagogy in Art degree.

1917-1920 -- Herring served as YMCA secretary for the YMCA in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, and then Camp Lee, Virginia. Herring also held teaching positions at Straight College in New Orleans and Bennett College in North Carolina

1920 -- Alonzo was sent to Washington, D.C. to live with his uncle, James Aden, and his wife Laura.

1921 -- Herring was initially hired as architectural drawing instructor at Howard University and after negotiations established Department of Art later that same year.

1927 -- Herring organized an exhibition of Howard U. students' artwork that toured the Deep South U.S. Aden enrolled in Howard University in pursuit of an education degree.

1930 -- The Howard University Gallery of Art formally opened on April 7. Aden was hired as gallery assistant.

1933 -- Aden received his Bachelor of Arts in Education; Herring added Aden's name as co-owner of the 127 Randolph Place home.

1934-1939 -- Aden engaged in post-graduate study and museum curatorial work around the U.S. and Europe.

1940 -- Aden served as art curator for the American Negro Exposition (the "Negro's World Fair") in Chicago

1943 -- Aden resigned his position at the Howard University Gallery of Art for undisclosed reasons. The Barnett-Aden Gallery was founded by James V. Herring and Alonzo Aden. The first exhibition, "American Paintings for the Home" featured Elizabeth Catlett, Lois Mailou Jones, Malvin Gray Johnson, James Lesesne Wells, Jacob Lawrence, and many others.

1944 -- First anniversary exhibition featuring artist Candido Portinari, Brazilian artist who was already known in Washington from his mural for the Library of Congress. It was attended by the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt. Exhibition, "The Negro in Art" and "American Paintings for the Home" featuring Catlett, James A. Porter, Wells, Jones, Richmond Barthé, Hale Woodruff, Betsy Graves Reyneau and others.

1946 -- Exhibition, "Paintings by Lois Mailou Jones" and featured paintings of Jacob Lawrence for Third Anniversary exhibition.

1947 -- Fourth Anniversary Exhibition, "Recent Paintings by Charles White". Exhibition of Elizabeth Catlett, "Paintings, Sculpture, and Prints of The Negro Woman".

1948 -- Exhibition, "Paintings and Drawings by James A. Porter".

1949 -- Exhibition, "Sylvia Carewe".

1950 -- "Exhibition of Six Washington Artists" featuring Romare Bearden, Samuel Bookatz, Bernice Cross, Robert Gates, Norma Mazo, and James A. Porter. "Exhibition "Paintings and Prints by James Lesesne Wells."

1951 -- Exhibition, "Three Washington Artists" featuring Richard Dempsey, Sam Herman, and Jack Perlmutter Exhibition, "Herman Maril: Paintings in Retrospect, 1931-1951"

1953 -- Tenth Anniversary Exhibition, "Eighteen Washington Artists" featuring Sarah Baker, Samuel Bookatz, William Calfee, Bernice Cross, Robert Franklin Gates, Jacob Kainen, Marjorie Phillips, James Porter, and James Lesesne Wells.

1954 -- Exhibition "Six Washington Painters" featuring Theresa Abbott, Gabriel Cherin, Gloria Besser Green, Alma W. Thomas, and Anita Wertheim.

1955 -- Twelfth anniversary exhibition focused on "Jack Perlmutter".

1957 -- Exhibition, "David C. Driskell: Exhibition of Paintings"

1958 -- Exhibition "Norman Lewis: Paintings"

1959 -- Sixteenth Anniversary Exhibition of "Paintings by Pietro Lazzari, Helen Rennie, Alma Thomas, Andrea De Zerega". Exhibition of "Religious Paintings and Prints by James L. Wells and Sculpture by Selma Burke"

1962 -- Alonzo Aden died suddenly at the age of 56 on October 13 in Washington D.C. Herring solely inherits the Gallery collection.

1969 -- Herring dies at age 84 in Washington, DC. on May 29. Artist Adolphus Ealey inherits the bulk of the gallery collection along with Dr. Felton J. Earls and Dr. and Mrs. Cecil Marquez.

1974 -- Two exhibitions of the collection at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum and the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

1989 -- Collection sold to Florida Endowment Fund for Higher Education.

1998 -- Robert Johnson, founder and former CEO of Black Entertainment Television (BET) purchased the entire collection and serves as administrators over the collection.
Provenance:
Acquired through a purchase by the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Art  Search this
Business  Search this
LGBTQ  Search this
Museums  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Galleries  Search this
Education  Search this
finance  Search this
Local and Regional  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Ephemera
Catalogues
Business records
Citation:
Historical Records of the Barnett-Aden Gallery, Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2014.63.32
See more items in:
The Historical Records of the Barnett-Aden Gallery
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2014-63-32

Ticket for funeral services for Martin Luther King, Jr. owned by Nina Simone

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
Used by:
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 1/8 x 5 1/4 in. (5.4 x 13.3 cm)
Type:
passes (tickets)
Place used:
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
April 9, 1968
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.132.4.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Exhibition:
A Changing America: 1968 and Beyond
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 1, C1 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d3636b20-0f7a-4e43-bb15-b9889a7ab409
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.132.4.1
Online Media:

Ticket for funeral services for Martin Luther King, Jr. owned by Nina Simone

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
Used by:
Morehouse College, American, founded 1867  Search this
Owned by:
Nina Simone, American, 1933 - 2003  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 2 1/8 x 5 1/4 in. (5.4 x 13.3 cm)
Type:
passes (tickets)
Place used:
Morehouse College, Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
April 9, 1968
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
U.S. History, 1961-1969  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.132.4.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Movement:
Civil Rights Movement
Exhibition:
Musical Crossroads
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5cacc834d-8e2d-4fe6-bf45-84b5f02ae268
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.132.4.2
Online Media:

SI HBCU (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian African American Association  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 99-016, Smithsonian African American Association, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa99-016-refidd1e504

The Crisis, Vol. 4, No. 3

Edited by:
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Subject of:
The Crisis, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Evaristo Estenoz Corominas, Cuban, 1872 - 1912  Search this
Written by:
Jessie Redmon Fauset, American, 1882 - 1961  Search this
Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, Puerto Rican, 1874 - 1938  Search this
Lafayette M. Hershaw, American, 1863 - 1945  Search this
Bertha Johnston, American, 1864 - 1953  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 7/8 × 6 7/8 in. (25.1 × 17.5 cm)
H x W (Open): 9 7/8 × 13 5/8 in. (25.1 × 34.6 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Missouri, United States, North and Central America
Hampton, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 1912
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Literature  Search this
Lynching  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Prisons  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Social reform  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2015.97.14.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Movement:
Anti-Lynching Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd534363254-d746-4ad6-adcb-896037954478
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.97.14.4

The Crisis, Vol. 6, No. 2

Edited by:
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Subject of:
The Crisis, American, founded 1910  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Gabriel de la Concepción Valdés, Cuban, 1809 - 1844  Search this
Wilberforce University, American, founded 1856  Search this
Illustrated by:
Vincent Ellsworth Saunders, American  Search this
Lorenzo W. Harris, American, born 1888  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W: 9 3/4 × 6 3/4 in. (24.8 × 17.1 cm)
H x W (Open): 9 3/4 × 13 1/2 in. (24.8 × 34.3 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Houston, Harris County, Texas, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 1913
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Business  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Colonialism  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Literature  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Spanish colonialism  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2015.97.14.7
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd54c1e207a-722b-473d-916a-5ae050abac1a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2015.97.14.7

Cheryl Bailey Solomon Oral History Interview

Created by:
National Museum of African American History and Culture, American, founded 2003  Search this
Recorded by:
Patrick Telepictures, Inc., American  Search this
Interview of:
Cheryl Bailey Solomon, American, born 1959  Search this
Interviewed by:
Deborah Tulani Salahu-Din, American  Search this
Subject of:
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, American, founded 1913  Search this
Coppin State University, American, founded 1900  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration (2016.129.10.1a): 35.6 minutes
Duration (2016.129.10.2a): 35 minutes
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 27, 2016
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Museums  Search this
Sororities  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.129.10.1a-.2a
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Collection Donor Oral History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd572ff5a6d-1cd2-4376-baf8-d97d490ca4e0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.129.10.1a-.2a

John Jacob Oliver Oral History Interview

Created by:
National Museum of African American History and Culture, American, founded 2003  Search this
Recorded by:
Patrick Telepictures, Inc., American  Search this
Interview of:
John Jacob Oliver, American, born 1945  Search this
Interviewed by:
Kelly Elaine Navies, American  Search this
Subject of:
The Afro-American, American, founded 1892  Search this
Fisk University, American, founded 1866  Search this
University of Maryland, Baltimore County, American, founded 1966  Search this
Columbia Law School, American, founded 1858  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration (2016.129.19.1a): 108.2 minutes
Duration (2016.129.19.2a): 107.9 minutes
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, United States, North and Central America
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1945-2017
Topic:
African American  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Education  Search this
Families  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Law  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Museums  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Technology  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.129.19.1a-.2a
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Collection Donor Oral History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd594ee3333-f1df-495d-bd7c-9bc68e19a9c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.129.19.1a-.2a

Joan Trumpauer Mulholland Oral History Interview

Created by:
National Museum of African American History and Culture, American, founded 2003  Search this
Recorded by:
Patrick Telepictures, Inc., American  Search this
Interview of:
Joan Trumpauer Mulholland, American, born 1941  Search this
Interviewed by:
William S. Pretzer, American  Search this
Subject of:
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, American, 1960 - 1970s  Search this
Tougaloo College, American, founded 1869  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration (2016.129.2.1a): 50.7 minutes
Duration (2016.129.2.2a): 49.4 minutes
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Jackson, Hinds County, Mississippi, United States, North and Central America
Date:
July 11, 2016
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Museums  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.129.2.1a-.2a
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Collection Donor Oral History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d12c878e-00ac-45db-919e-bfb462aaa65a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.129.2.1a-.2a

Hat worn by Dr. Issac Greggs with The Human Jukebox marching band

Manufactured by:
Bayly, Inc., American, founded 1865  Search this
Used by:
Dr. Isaac Ben Greggs, American, 1929 - 2014  Search this
Distributed by:
DeMoulin Bros. and Co., American, founded 1892  Search this
Subject of:
The Human Jukebox, American, founded 1969  Search this
Southern University and A&M College, American, founded 1880  Search this
Medium:
polyester, plastic, cord, paper, ink, vinyl, metal thread, and felt
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5 1/2 × 10 3/4 × 10 3/8 in. (14 × 27.3 × 26.4 cm)
Type:
caps (headgear)
Place used:
Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2000
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Conductors (Musicians)  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Marching bands (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Mrs. Rose Greggs in loving memory of her husband Dr. Isaac Ben Greggs
Object number:
2016.21.1.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Costume
Exhibition:
Sports: Leveling the Playing Field
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d111aae1-5ae3-419f-98da-7a85df354572
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.21.1.1

Baton used by Dr. Issac Greggs with The Human Jukebox marching band

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Dr. Isaac Ben Greggs, American, 1929 - 2014  Search this
Subject of:
The Human Jukebox, American, founded 1969  Search this
Southern University and A&M College, American, founded 1880  Search this
Medium:
wood and plastic
Dimensions:
H x W (width at handle): 12 1/4 × 3/4 in. (31.1 × 1.9 cm)
Type:
batons (music equipment)
Place used:
Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 2000
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Conductors (Musicians)  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Marching bands (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Mrs. Rose Greggs in loving memory of her husband Dr. Isaac Ben Greggs
Object number:
2016.21.4
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Musical Instruments
Exhibition:
Sports: Leveling the Playing Field
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd56c6df864-f432-4cc8-9843-4be8715ef3a4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.21.4
Online Media:

Embosser used by Claflin University

Manufactured by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Claflin University, American, founded 1869  Search this
Medium:
paint, cast iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 7/8 × 6 1/2 × 2 1/8 in. (17.5 × 16.5 × 5.4 cm)
Type:
tools
Place used:
Orangeburg, South Carolina, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1870-1900
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Business  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Reconstruction, U.S. History, 1865-1877  Search this
Segregation  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Claflin University
Object number:
2016.24
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Tools and Equipment-Crafting-Artistic-Image-making
Exhibition:
Defending Freedom, Defining Freedom: The Era of Segregation, 1876-1968
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 2, C 2053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd532c97a89-30d3-4ce1-9293-ff72647ef851
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.24

Photograph of the 25th anniversary of the founding of Tuskegee Institute

Photograph by:
Frances B. Johnston, American, 1864 - 1952  Search this
Subject of:
Tuskegee Institute, American, founded 1881  Search this
Unidentified Woman or Women  Search this
Lyman Abbott, American, 1835 - 1922  Search this
Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American, 1835 - 1919  Search this
Charles W. Eliot, American, 1834 - 1926  Search this
Dr. Hollis Burke Frissell, American, 1852 - 1917  Search this
V. Everit Macy, American, 1871 - 1930  Search this
William Jay Schieffelin, American, 1866 - 1955  Search this
Isaac N. Seligman, American, 1855 - 1917  Search this
Clara B. Spence, American, 1862 - 1923  Search this
William G. Wilcox, American, 1851 - 1917  Search this
Unidentified Man or Men  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 7 3/4 × 9 3/4 in. (19.7 × 24.8 cm)
H x W (mount): 8 × 13 in. (20.3 × 33 cm)
H x W (mat): 16 × 20 in. (40.6 × 50.8 cm)
Place captured:
Tuskegee, Macon County, Alabama, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1906
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Photography  Search this
Reconstruction, U.S. History, 1865-1877  Search this
U.S. History, 1865-1921  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.49.5
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5be09ffc5-ad20-494b-9e5a-db52aca55b89
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.49.5

Program for Grambling State University Commemorative Football Game

Distributed by:
Grambling State University, American, founded 1901  Search this
Subject of:
Edward Gay Robinson Sr., American, 1919 - 2007  Search this
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, American, founded 1890  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 × 8 1/2 in. (28 × 21.6 cm)
Type:
programs
Place used:
Grambling, Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, United States, North and Central America
Date:
November 15, 1997
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
Football  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Dr. Leonard L. Haynes, III
Object number:
2017.4
Restrictions & Rights:
© Grambling State University. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bb01a321-360b-4049-8eda-a89f2a450243
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.4
Online Media:

Diploma for medical degree for Dr. Ionia Rollin

Created by:
Howard University, American, founded 1867  Search this
Subject of:
Dr. Ionia Rollin Whipper, American, 1872 - 1953  Search this
Medium:
ink on vellum (paper)
Dimensions:
H x W: 18 × 22 in. (45.7 × 55.9 cm)
Type:
diplomas
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1903
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Midwifery  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Carole Ione Lewis Family Collection
Object number:
2018.101.6
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Business and Legal Documents
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5357b1b3c-90e0-4ec0-912c-7dbe66894058
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.101.6

Cheyney University Class of '64 40th Class Reunion name tag owned by Jim Vance

Printed by:
Unidentified  Search this
Owned by:
Jim Vance, American, 1942 - 2017  Search this
Subject of:
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, American, founded 1837  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper, metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 2 3/16 × 3 5/8 × 3/8 in. (5.5 × 9.2 × 1 cm)
Type:
badges
Place used:
Cheyney, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
2004
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Identity  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Estate of James H. Vance, III
Object number:
2018.107.14
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Memorabilia and Ephemera
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5c6b9c21b-abc2-4362-a5b6-b920254ed61e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.107.14
Online Media:

Jeannine Smith Clark Oral History Interview

Created by:
National Museum of African American History and Culture, American, founded 2003  Search this
Interview of:
Jeannine Smith Clark, American, 1928 - 2018  Search this
Interviewed by:
Kelly Elaine Navies, American  Search this
Recorded by:
Kim Moir, American  Search this
Subject of:
Smithsonian Institution, American, founded 1846  Search this
Poor People's Campaign, American, 1967 - 1968  Search this
Dunbar High School, American, founded 1870  Search this
Howard University, American, founded 1867  Search this
Anacostia Community Museum, American, founded 1967  Search this
National Museum of Natural History, American, founded 1910  Search this
John Kinard, American, 1936 - 1989  Search this
Claudine K. Brown, American, 1949 - 2016  Search this
Asbury United Methodist Church, American, founded 1836  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 85 minutes (5100 seconds)
Type:
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Germany, Europe
Date:
2018
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Africa  Search this
Education  Search this
Families  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Museums  Search this
Women  Search this
World War II  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.109
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Movement:
African American - Latinx Solidarity
Poor People's Campaign
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5565bc339-13bd-4b36-aeb8-6c6a8b95ca66
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.109

Program for "Slave Songs of the South" by the Hampton Colored Students

Created by:
Hampton Singers, American, founded 1870  Search this
Subject of:
Hampton University, American, founded 1868  Search this
Henry Ward Beecher, American, 1813 - 1887  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W (folded): 9 3/4 × 6 7/16 in. (24.8 × 16.4 cm)
H x W (open): 9 3/4 × 12 9/16 in. (24.8 × 31.9 cm)
Type:
programs
Place depicted:
Hampton, Virginia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1873
Topic:
African American  Search this
Education  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Reconstruction, U.S. History, 1865-1877  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Slavery  Search this
Spirituals (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2018.48
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5cf83962c-146c-40aa-b49f-aaea59729597
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.48
Online Media:

Episode 146: Andrea Pippins

Produced by:
Maurice Cherry, American  Search this
Interview of:
Andrea Pippins, American  Search this
Subject of:
Smithsonian Institution, American, founded 1846  Search this
National Museum of African American History and Culture, American, founded 2003  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 60.95 minutes (3657 seconds)
Type:
digital media - born digital
Place made:
United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 27, 2016
Topic:
African American  Search this
Art  Search this
Design  Search this
Education  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Hair  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Motherhood  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maurice Cherry and Glitch, Inc.
Object number:
2019.47.4
Restrictions & Rights:
© Maurice Cherry and Glitch, Inc.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Audio Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bbb9534e-95d8-4e11-b404-b3b790c1731a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.47.4

Episode 233: Hadiya Williams

Produced by:
Maurice Cherry, American  Search this
Interview of:
Hadiya Williams, American, born 1978  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 50.12 minutes (3007.2 seconds)
Type:
digital media - born digital
Place made:
United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Africa
Date:
March 12, 2018
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Design  Search this
Education  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Museums  Search this
Photography  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Maurice Cherry and Glitch, Inc.
Object number:
2019.47.5
Restrictions & Rights:
© Maurice Cherry and Glitch, Inc.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Audio Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5d1727681-4114-49be-ad30-3cc246d8cf67
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.47.5

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