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Heritage Gallery records

Creator:
Heritage Gallery  Search this
Names:
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Horowitz, Benjamin, 1912-  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
White, Charles, 1918-1979  Search this
Extent:
13.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1944-2000
bulk 1960-1998
Summary:
The records of Los Angeles Heritage Gallery measure 13.8 linear feet and date from 1944-2000 with the bulk of the materials dating from 1960-1998. The majority of the collection consists of artists' files containing a wide variety of materials documenting the gallery's representation of its contemporary artists and gallery exhibitions, including biographical information, correspondence, and printed materials. About half of the artists' files are related to artist Charles White. Gallery records also include business correspondence, business records and additional printed materials.
Scope and Contents:
The records of Los Angeles Heritage Gallery measure 13.8 linear feet and date from 1944-2000 with the bulk of the materials dating from 1960-1998. The majority of the collection consists of artists' files containing a wide variety of materials documenting the gallery's representation of its contemporary artists and gallery exhibitions, including biographical information, correspondence, and printed materials. About half of the artists' files are related to artist Charles White. Gallery records also include business correspondence, business records and additional printed materials.

The bulk of the collection are artists' files which document the works and careers of Heritage Gallery artists through a wide variety of materials including biographical information, correspondence, scattered financial records, inventory lists and price lists, printed materials, and photographic materials. Especially rich are the folders of correspondence with Social Realist artist William Gropper, and materials related to artists José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiro, Moses Soyer and Raphael Soyer. Additionally, about half of the Artists' Files are related to African-American artist Charles White, for whom Horowitz was the sole representative of his artwork, but also a personal friend to White and his family.

Business correspondence and records contain incoming and outgoing correspondence with clients and galleries regarding artwork sales, consignments and exhibition loans; contracts, many with artists and lithographers; biographical information about Benjamin Horowitz; and other day-to-day business records.

Printed material documents exhibitions held at Heritage Gallery through exhibition announcement, catalogs, clippings, and posters, as well as a handful of printed materials for exhibitions held at other galleries and museums.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series.

Series 1: Artists' Files, 1944-2000, bulk 1960-1998 (11.6 linear feet; Boxes 1-12, 15-16, OV 17)

Series 2: Business Correspondence and Records, 1945-1997 (1.6 linear feet; Boxes 12-13)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1960s-1990s (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 13-14, 16)
Biographical / Historical:
Founder Benjamin Horowitz (1912-2004) was born in New York City and moved to Hollywood shortly before the outbreak of World War II. He began a career as a writer of detective fiction but was interrupted by the draft. Horowitz opened Heritage Gallery in the early 1960s on La Cienega Boulevard in Los Angeles, California. His early dedication to African-American artists, chief among them Charles White to whom he gave more than 51 one-person exhibitions, distinguished the gallery.

Horowitz was the co-founder of the Art Dealers Association of California and also worked as an appraiser.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art holds several collections related to Heritage Gallery and Benjamin Horowitz, including the William Gropper papers and the Charles Wilbert White papers. Also found in the Archives is an oral history interview with Benjamin Horowitz conducted by Molly Saltman as a part of "Art and Artists" interviews, 1965-1966.
Provenance:
The Heritage Gallery records were donated by Benjamin Horowitz, founder of the gallery, in two accessions in 1998 and 2000.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Heritage Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Citation:
Heritage Gallery records, 1944-2000, bulk 1960-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.herigall
See more items in:
Heritage Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-herigall

The ACA Galleries records

Creator:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Names:
American Contemporary Art Gallery  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Baron, Herman, 1892-1961  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Dondero, George A. (George Anthony), 1883-1968  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph, 1910-1981  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965  Search this
Mumford, Lewis, 1895-1990  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Young, Art, 1866-1943  Search this
Photographer:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1917-1963
Summary:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.
Scope and Content Note:
The scattered records of the ACA (American Contemporary Art) Galleries date from 1917 through 1963 and include writings by founder Herman Baron, artists Philip Evergood and Anton Refregier, and art critic Elizabeth McCausland; printed materials; and photographs of Baron, ACA artists, art collectors, works of art, and exhibitions. Correspondence is with David Burliuk, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Lewis Mumford, Moses Sawyer, Max Weber, and others. Also found is a small group of Herman Baron's personal papers.

The records are a rich resource for documenting the Social Realist artists and the militant socialist artists during the great depression and the post-World War II era of "McCarthyism".

Correspondence with ACA artists consists of letters from Philip Evergood, David Burliuk, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joseph Hirsch, Lewis Mumford, Elizabeth Olds, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Max Weber, and Art Young. Some of the letters concern the socialist and communist views of some of the artists, including responses to Congressional Representive George A. Dondero's public statements and attacks on modern art as a conspiracy to spread communism in the United States. There is a letter written by Holger Cahill to the editor of Time magazine concerning WPA artists. Also found is a letter from Raphael Soyer written to the ACA Galleries concerning the American Artists' Congress.

Writings include Herman Baron's written history of the ACA Galleries and scattered pages of Baron's book on Joe Jones and William Gropper. There are essays and writings by art critic Elizabeth McCausland, and artists Anton Refregier and Philip Evergood. Printed materials consist of ACA publications, newspaper clippings, published articles, printed illustrations by Philip Evergood, and printed materials about Congressman Dondero.

Photographs are of David Burliuk, Bruce Calder, Nicolai Cikovsky, Hy Cohen, Robert Cronbach, Alexander Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Mike Gold, Chaim Gross, William Gropper, Joe Jones, Mervin Jules, Irene Rice Pereia, Geri Pine, Philip Reisman, Vic Shifreen, Harry Sternberg, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, James Baare Turnbull, Nicky Walker, Abraham Walkowitz, Nat Werner, and Art Young. Photographers include Berenice Abbott, Arnold Newman, and Alfredo Valente. Additional photographs are of unidentified installations or exhibitions.

Herman Baron's personal papers include letters written to his wife and friends during World War I, writings by Baron for various magazines including Glazier's Journal. Personal photographs are of Herman Baron in his army uniform. There is also an obituary for Herman Baron written by art critic Elizabeth McCausland.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1930s-1960s (Box 1; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 2: Writings and Notes, 1938-circa 1960s (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1939-1960 (Box 2; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1930s-circa 1960s (Box 2; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 5: Herman Baron Personal Papers, circa 1910s, 1940s-1960s (Box 2-3; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Herman Baron, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and Adolf Dehn founded the American Contemporary Art (ACA) Galleries on August 16, 1932. Located at 1269 Madison Avenue in New York City, the galleries' first show featured watercolorist Hy Cohen. Baron encouraged freedom of expression and did not censor the artworks displayed in his gallery. As a result, the gallery became an outlet for generally unknown and socially conscious artists, including the Social Realists.

Born in Lithuania in 1892, Herman Baron immigrated to the United States as a child. He served in World War I and later attended New York University. Baron founded and edited Glazier's Journal (later Glass Digest) in 1924 as the first journal for the professional glazing trade. Additionally, he wrote short stories and plays for American Hebrew and Young Israel.

In response to economic issues facing the art market during the depresssion of 1930s, ACA Galleries organized relief efforts to financially support their artists. During this period, the gallery became closely allied with militant artists' organizations and some of the more politically radical artists. In 1935, the ACA Galleries and Herman Baron hosted the first meeting of the American Artists' Congress in the gallery space.

The ACA Galleries featured exhibitions of works by artists David Burliuk, Stuart Davis, Philip Evergood, William Gropper, Robert Gwathmey, Joe Jones, Rockwell Kent, Lee Krasner, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Lewis Mumford, Louise Nevelson, Alton Pickens, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, Max Weber, Art Young, and others. Baron also organized exhibitions of many artists employed by or associated with the Works Progress Administration of the federal arts program. Due to the progressive nature of the works of art found in the ACA Galleries, Herman Baron came under considerable criticism during the McCarthy Era. Baron was condemned by Representative George A. Dondero for supporting "un-American" sympathies and was forced often to defend his gallery and artists.

For years the gallery focused on artists rights and supporting the work of artists, rather than a profit. In the 1950s, a shift occurred when Baron's nephew Sidney Bergen initiated professional business practices and transformed the gallery into a profitable venture. Now located at 529 West 20th Street in New York City, ACA Galleries continues to promote and support various social causes.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art holds the Herman Baron papers, dating from 1937-1967 which were donated by Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library in 1984. Some exhibition catalogs may be found here.
Provenance:
Ella Baron, widow of the ACA Galleries' founder Herman Baron, donated the records to the Archives of American Art in 1965 and 1966.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The ACA Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.acagall
See more items in:
The ACA Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-acagall
Online Media:

Arnold Newman photographs of artists

Creator:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Names:
Abercrombie, Gertrude, 1909-1977 -- Photographs  Search this
Albers, Josef -- Photographs  Search this
Albright, Ivan, 1897-1983 -- Photographs  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965 -- Photographs  Search this
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987 -- Photographs  Search this
Baziotes, William, 1912-1963 -- Photographs  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig, 1898-1962 -- Photographs  Search this
Blai, Boris, 1893-1985 -- Photographs  Search this
Bloch, Julius T. (Julius Thiengen), 1888-1966 -- Photographs  Search this
Botkin, Henry, 1896-1983 -- Photographs  Search this
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980 -- Photographs  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967 -- Photographs  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967 -- Photographs  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
Castellón, Federico, 1914-1971 -- Photographs  Search this
Cikovsky, Nicolai, 1894- -- Photographs  Search this
Criss, Francis, 1901-1973 -- Photographs  Search this
Davidson, Jo, 1883-1952 -- Photographs  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964 -- Photographs  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973 -- Photographs  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956 -- Photographs  Search this
Florsheim, Richard A., 1916-1979 -- Photographs  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977 -- Photographs  Search this
Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991 -- Photographs  Search this
Groth, John, 1908-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis, 1906-1956 -- Photographs  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980 -- Photographs  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988 -- Photographs  Search this
Hare, David, 1917- -- Photographs  Search this
Hirshfield, Morris, 1872-1946 -- Photographs  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966 -- Photographs  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967 -- Photographs  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012 -- Photographs  Search this
Jules, Mervin, 1912- -- Photographs  Search this
Kantor, Morris, 1896-1974 -- Photographs  Search this
Kaplan, Joseph, 1900-1980 -- Photographs  Search this
Knaths, Karl, 1891-1971 -- Photographs  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974 -- Photographs  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953 -- Photographs  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram, 1913- -- Photographs  Search this
Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970 -- Photographs  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000 -- Photographs  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982 -- Photographs  Search this
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010 -- Photographs  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965 -- Photographs  Search this
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
0.6 Linear feet ((on 2 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1940-1960
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of 47 American artists taken by Newman.
REEL 153: Artists include: Gertrude Abercrombie, Josef Albers, Ivan Albright, Milton Avery, Peggy Bacon, William Baziotes, Ludwig Bemelmans, Boris Blai, Julis Bloch, Harry Botkin, Alexander Brook, Charles Burchfield, David Burliuk, Alexander Calder, Federico Castellon, Nicolai Cikovsky, Francis Criss (2), Jo Davidson, Willem De Kooning, Philip Evergood, Lyonel Feininger, Richard Florsheim, William Gropper, Chaim Gross (2), John Groth, Louis Guglielmi, Philip Guston, Robert Gwathmey, David Hare, Morris Hirshfield, Hans Hofmann, Edward Hopper, Paul Jenkins, Mervin Jules, Morris Kantor, Joseph Kaplan, Karl Knaths, Leon Kroll, Ibram Lassaw, Robert Laurent, Julian Levi, Jack Levine, and Jacques Lipchitz.
REEL 1027: Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and Charles Sheeler.
UNMICROFILMED: Jacob Lawrence (2) and Joseph Stella (2).
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait photographer; New York City; b. New York, N.Y., Mar. 3, 1918; d. June 6, 2006, New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated 1961 by Arnold Newman.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.newmarno
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-newmarno

Playboy : a portfolio of art and satire, 1919-1924

Subject:
Gropper, William  Search this
Robinson, Boardman  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Blum, Jerome  Search this
Chapin, James  Search this
Dehn, Adolf  Search this
Arens, Egmont  Search this
Topic:
Playboy (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Art publishing  Search this
Art -- Periodicals  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8851
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211036
AAA_collcode_playboy
Theme:
Publications
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211036

Playboy : a portfolio of art and satire

Topic:
Playboy (New York, N.Y.)
Names:
Arens, Egmont, 1889-1966  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Blum, Jerome, 1884-1956  Search this
Chapin, James, 1887-1975  Search this
Dehn, Adolf, 1895-1968  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite, 1887-1968  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
9 Volumes (ill. plates, ports, 30 cm.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1919-1924
Scope and Contents:
Complete bound run [v.1-9, 1919-1924]. Contains many original hand-pulled woodcuts and linocuts. Among the many contributing artists are George Biddle, Jerome Blum, James Chapin, Adolf Dehn, William Gropper, Alfred Maurer, Boardman Robinson, John Storrs, F. Vollaton, Max Weber, and Marguerite and William Zorach. Ezra Pound, Dorothy Parker, and Robert C. Benchley are among the many well known literary contributors.
Biographical / Historical:
Art periodical, New York, N.Y, devoted to the exposition of contemporary literary and artistic expression. Playboy ran from January 1919 to June 1924. Publication was suspended from July 1921 to February 1923. Nos. 4-5 issued in one number. Issue for 1st quarter 1923 called v. 2, no. 1 but would be no. 8 in whole numbering sequence.
Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint):
New York : Egmont Arens, 1919-1924.
General:
"A portfolio of art and satire."
Provenance:
One issue (v.2, no.1, 1923) donated 1981 by Irving Burton, an art collector and member of the Archives' Board of Trustees. A complete bound run donated by Mildred Baker, 1993. Baker, in addition to being an assistant to Holger Cahill, who served as director on the Federal Art Project and organizer of several art exhibitions in New York in the 1930s, also worked for the College Art Association and a gallery on 57th Street.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Artists  Search this
Topic:
Magazine illustration  Search this
Art publishing  Search this
Art -- Periodicals  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.playboy
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-playboy

Max Weber papers, 1902-2008

Creator:
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Subject:
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Forum Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sound recordings
Motion pictures (visual works)
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9331
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211527
AAA_collcode_webemax
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211527
Online Media:

Joseph Kaplan papers, 1915-1977

Creator:
Kaplan, Joseph, 1900-1980  Search this
Subject:
Avery, Milton  Search this
Lozowick, Louis  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Kaplan, Virginia  Search this
Ishigaki, Eitarō  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Ishigaki, Aya  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
DeMartini, Joseph  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Wilson, Sol  Search this
United States  Search this
Audubon Artists (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Etchings
Photographs
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Photographers -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Photographers -- New York (State)  Search this
Printmakers -- Massachusetts -- Provincetown  Search this
Printmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7650
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209813
AAA_collcode_kapljose
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Architecture & Design
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209813
Online Media:

Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986

Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Subject:
Gropper, William  Search this
Lie, Jonas  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Gellert, Ernest  Search this
Sequenzia, Sofia  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry  Search this
Reisman, Philip  Search this
Gellert, Lawrence  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Derkovits, Gyula  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Fast, Howard  Search this
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Art of Today Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artist's Committee of Action (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Hungarian Word, Inc.  Search this
National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Council  Search this
Artists Coordination Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome  Search this
Artists for Victory, Inc.  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Photographs
Topic:
Artists' writings  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7845
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210012
AAA_collcode_gellhugo
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210012
Online Media:

William Gropper papers, 1916-1983

Creator:
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Subject:
Crowninshield, Frank  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Gropper, Sophie  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Parsons, Frank Alvah  Search this
Lozowick, Louis  Search this
Horowitz, Benjamin  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Heritage Gallery  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Drawings
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Political activists  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Political aspects  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6052
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216031
AAA_collcode_gropwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216031
Online Media:

Heritage Gallery records, 1944-2000, bulk 1960-1998

Creator:
Heritage Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Horowitz, Benjamin  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
White, Charles  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6191
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216438
AAA_collcode_herigall
Theme:
African American
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216438
Online Media:

Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, 1965-1968

Creator:
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Jacobowitz, Arlene  Search this
Subject:
Schrag, Karl  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Sopher, Aaron  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Okada, Kenzo  Search this
Ohlson, Douglas Dean  Search this
Palmer, Amanda  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Richards, Bill  Search this
Weinberg, Albert  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
Jaffe, Nora  Search this
Jacobowitz, Arlene  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Koch, John  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio  Search this
Kienbusch, William  Search this
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice)  Search this
Kawabata, Minoru  Search this
Grillo, John  Search this
Greene, Balcomb  Search this
Graziani, Sante  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Gussow, Roy  Search this
Meyer, Ursula  Search this
Moller, Hans  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Odate, Toshio  Search this
Offner, Elliot  Search this
Murch, Walter  Search this
Lang, Steven  Search this
Kosama, Yayoi  Search this
Lam, Jennett  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Lipton, Seymour  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Dombek, Blanche  Search this
De Creeft, José  Search this
Dash, Robert  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Casarella, Edmond  Search this
Butchkes, Sydney  Search this
Brackman, Robert  Search this
Goodman, Sidney  Search this
Goldin, Leon  Search this
Freilicher, Jane  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Estern, Neil  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Ernst, Jimmy  Search this
Doyle, Tom  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Bauermeister, Mary  Search this
Arisman, Marshall  Search this
Barker, Walter  Search this
Anderson, Lennart  Search this
Antonakos, Stephen  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Laurent, Robert  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Listening to pictures (1968-1973: Brooklyn Museum)  Search this
Type:
Transcripts
Interviews
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Art, American -- Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7593
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209755
AAA_collcode_broomuse
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209755

The ACA Galleries records, 1917-1963

Creator:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Refregier, Anton  Search this
Pickens, Alton  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
Mumford, Lewis  Search this
Young, Art  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Newman, Arnold  Search this
Baron, Herman  Search this
Olds, Elizabeth  Search this
Abbott, Berenice  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Burliuk, David  Search this
Dondero, George A. (George Anthony)  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
American Contemporary Art Gallery  Search this
Type:
Writings
Photographs
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Gallery directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8772
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210955
AAA_collcode_acagall
Theme:
The Art Market
New Deal
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210955
Online Media:

Ann Uhry Abrams interview of William Gropper, 1974 May 11

Creator:
Abrams, Ann Uhry  Search this
Subject:
Bellows, George  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Ray, Man  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Abrams, Ann Uhry  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
New York Tribune.  Search this
Armory Show  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16161
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)366284
AAA_collcode_gropwill3
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_366284

Ann Uhry Abrams interview of William Gropper

Interviewer:
Abrams, Ann Uhry  Search this
Abrams, Ann Uhry  Search this
Names:
Armory Show (1913: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York Tribune. (New York.)  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Interviewee:
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (sound cassette (45 min.), analog)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1974 May 11
Scope and Contents:
An interview with William Gropper conducted by Ann Uhry Abrams as a part of research for her Ph.D. dissertation, "Catalyst for Change: American Art and Revolution, 1906-1915," Emory University, 1975.
Gropper discusses art classes as a youth in New York, the 1913 Armory show, and working for the New York Tribune as a young adult. He recalls Robert Henri, George Bellows, Man Ray, Alfred Stieglitz, Max Weber and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Ann Uhry Abrams is an art historian and professor in Atlanta, Georgia.
Provenance:
Donated 2013 by Ann Uhry Abrams.
Restrictions:
Use of interview requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.gropwill3
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gropwill3

Alfredo Valente papers, 1941-1978

Creator:
Valente, Alfredo, 1899-1973  Search this
Subject:
Aronson, Boris  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Burliuk, David  Search this
Carreño, Mario  Search this
Dalí, Salvador  Search this
DeMartini, Joseph  Search this
Dobkin, Alexander  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Harmon, Lily  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Haucke, Frederick  Search this
Kelekian, Dikran  Search this
Kleinholz, Frank  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Lassen, Ben  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Lax, David  Search this
Lebduska, Lawrence  Search this
Liberte, Jean  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Masson, André  Search this
Menkes, Sigmund  Search this
Miller, Henry  Search this
Ormandy, Eugene  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Rome, Harold  Search this
Rose, Iver  Search this
Ryan, Sally  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Stark, Margaret  Search this
Teichman, Sabina  Search this
Toney, Anthony  Search this
Tschacbasov, Nahum  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Wilson, Ben  Search this
Alfredo Valente Gallery  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Topic:
Art and photography -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Portrait photography -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5567
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213857
AAA_collcode_valealfr
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213857

Alfredo Valente papers

Creator:
Valente, Alfredo  Search this
Names:
Alfredo Valente Gallery  Search this
Aronson, Boris, 1900-1980  Search this
Avery, Milton, 1885-1965  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Blatas, Arbit  Search this
Burliuk, David, 1882-1967  Search this
Carreño, Mario  Search this
Dalí, Salvador, 1904-  Search this
DeMartini, Joseph, 1896-1984  Search this
Dobkin, Alexander, 1908-  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991  Search this
Grosz, George, 1893-1959  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Harmon, Lily, 1912-  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Haucke, Frederick, 1908-  Search this
Kelekian, Dikran, 1868-1951  Search this
Kleinholz, Frank, 1901-  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Lassen, Ben, d. 1968  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Lax, David, 1910-  Search this
Lebduska, Lawrence, 1894-1966  Search this
Liberte, Jean, 1896-1965  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Masson, André, 1896-1987  Search this
Menkes, Sigmund, 1896-1986  Search this
Miller, Henry, 1891-1980  Search this
Ormandy, Eugene, 1899-1985  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Rome, Harold, 1908-  Search this
Rose, Iver, 1899-1972  Search this
Ryan, Sally, 1916-1968  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Stark, Margaret, 1915-1988  Search this
Teichman, Sabina  Search this
Toney, Anthony  Search this
Tschacbasov, Nahum, 1899-  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Wilson, Ben, 1913-  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot ((partially microfilmed on 3 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Date:
1941-1978
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of artists; letters; printed material; and a motion picture film.
REEL D284: Exhibition catalogs, 1941-1952, from the Valente Gallery, and clippings; a letter and a sketch from Henry Miller; and a scrapbook containing photographs by Valente of 41 artists, their art work and clippings. Photographs of artists include Boris Aronson, Milton Avery, Arbit Blatas, David Burliuk, Mario Carreño, Joseph DeMartini, Alexander Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Jose Ferrer, Adolph Gottlieb, Marion Greenwood, William Gropper, Chaim Gross, George Grosz, Robert Gwathmey, Lily Harmon, Marsden Hartley, Frederick Haucke, Frank Kleinholz, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Ben Lassen,Sigmund Menkes, Jose Clemente Orozco, Abraham Rattner, Iver Rose, Sally Ryan, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, Margaret Stark, Sabina Teichman, Anthony Toney, Nahum Tschacbasov, Abraham Walkowitz and Ben Wilson.
REEL 2802: A letter from the National Gallery of Art regarding Valente's film "Art Discovers America"; exhibition catalogs on and written by Valente; clippings; and 30 photographs by Valente of 20 artists.
REEL 3480: Two letters from Henry Miller, dated 1943 and 1945. The letters refer to a "watercolor pad and brushes", and Miller also thanks Valente for a portrait of Abe Rattner.
UNMICROFILMED: Photographs by Valente of artists, each accompanied with the artists' self-portrait. Included are Milton Avery, Arbit Blatas, David Burliuk, Mario Carreño, Alexander Dobkin, Philip Evergood, Chaim Gross, Lily Harmon, Frank Kleinholz, Ben Lassen, David Lax, Lawrence H. Lebduska, Jean Liberte, Jose Orozco, Harold Rome, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, Margaret Stark, Sabina Teichman, Anthony Toney, Nahum Tschacbasov, Abraham Walkowitz, and Ben Wilson and 4 photographs of composer Eugene Ormandy which are on the back of the Blatas portraits.
UNMICROFILMED: "Art Discovers America" (MGM shorts), ca. 1945, a 16mm b&w, 400 ft. film regarding the "new public interest" in American art. The film traces the trend back to the exhibition of The Eight, and shows various artists at work, including John Sloan, Thomas Hart Benton, Reginald Marsh, and Abraham Walkowitz. The film was produced by Regency Pictures. Valente was the photographer and co-director along with Hal Frater.
REEL 439-441 AND SCANNED Photos of artists, previously microfilmed under Photos of Artists I, have subsequently been scanned and returned to the Valente papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer; New York City.
Provenance:
Material on reel D284 lent for microfilming by Valente, 1966; Mrs. Valente subsequently donated the scrapbook, 1979. Material on reels 2802, and 3480 donated by Mr. & Mrs. Valente, 1966 through 1979. Unmicrofilmed material donated by Harold Rome, 1988. An additional 35 photos of artists were donated by Valente ca. 1966, and microfilmed on reels 439-441 with AAA's Photographs of Artists Collection I; search under Valente for more information. Many of the photographs are duplicates.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art and photography -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Portrait photography -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.valealfr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-valealfr

Yasuo Kuniyoshi

Artist:
William Gropper, 30 Dec 1897 - 7 Jan 1977  Search this
Sitter:
Yasuo Kuniyoshi, 01 Sep 1889 - 14 May 1953  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
43.2cm x 35.6cm (17" x 14"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1940-1950
Topic:
Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Male  Search this
Yasuo Kuniyoshi: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Everson Museum of Art of Syracuse & Onondaga County
Website: https://www.everson.org/
Object number:
PC. 77.86.49
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm401393526-e9c2-444d-b6b6-8d63bff3d1d5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_PC._77.86.49

Arnold Newman photographs of artists, ca. 1940-1960

Creator:
Newman, Arnold, 1918-2006  Search this
Subject:
Abercrombie, Gertrude  Search this
Albers, Josef  Search this
Albright, Ivan  Search this
Avery, Milton  Search this
Bacon, Peggy  Search this
Baziotes, William  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig  Search this
Blai, Boris  Search this
Bloch, Julius T. (Julius Thiengen)  Search this
Botkin, Henry  Search this
Brook, Alexander  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Burliuk, David  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Castellón, Federico  Search this
Cikovsky, Nicolai  Search this
Criss, Francis  Search this
Davidson, Jo  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Florsheim, Richard A.  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Groth, John  Search this
Guglielmi, Louis  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Hare, David  Search this
Hirshfield, Morris  Search this
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
Jules, Mervin  Search this
Kantor, Morris  Search this
Kaplan, Joseph  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram  Search this
Laurent, Robert  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Stella, Joseph  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8084
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210255
AAA_collcode_newmarno
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Audio - Visual
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210255

Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists

Creator:
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Names:
Listening to pictures (1968-1973: Brooklyn Museum)  Search this
Anderson, Lennart, 1928-  Search this
Antonakos, Stephen, 1926-2013  Search this
Arisman, Marshall  Search this
Barker, Walter  Search this
Baskin, Leonard, 1922-2000  Search this
Bauermeister, Mary, 1934-  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Bishop, Isabel, 1902-1988  Search this
Brackman, Robert, 1898-  Search this
Butchkes, Sydney, 1922-  Search this
Casarella, Edmond, 1920-1996  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Dash, Robert  Search this
De Creeft, José, 1884-1982  Search this
Dombek, Blanche, 1914-  Search this
Doyle, Tom, 1928-  Search this
Ernst, Jimmy, 1920-1984  Search this
Estern, Neil, 1926-  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Freilicher, Jane, 1924-  Search this
Goldin, Leon, 1923-  Search this
Goodman, Sidney  Search this
Graziani, Sante, 1920-  Search this
Greene, Balcomb, 1904-1990  Search this
Grillo, John, 1917-  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Gross, Chaim, 1904-1991  Search this
Gussow, Roy, 1918-2011  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert, 1903-1988  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967  Search this
Jaffe, Nora  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012  Search this
Kawabata, Minoru, 1911-  Search this
Kienbusch, William, 1914-1980  Search this
Knaths, Karl, 1891-1971  Search this
Koch, John, 1909-1978  Search this
Kosama, Yayoi  Search this
Lam, Jennett, 1911-  Search this
Lang, Steven, 1944-1971  Search this
Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Lipton, Seymour, 1903-1986  Search this
Margo, Boris, 1902-1995  Search this
Meyer, Ursula, 1915-  Search this
Moller, Hans, 1905-  Search this
Murch, Walter  Search this
Nevelson, Louise, 1899-1988  Search this
Odate, Toshio  Search this
Offner, Elliot  Search this
Ohlson, Douglas Dean, 1936-  Search this
Okada, Kenzo, 1902-1982  Search this
Palmer, Amanda, 1931-  Search this
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice), 1902-1971  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967  Search this
Richards, Bill, 1936-  Search this
Rivers, Larry, 1925-2002  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio, 1921-1999  Search this
Schrag, Karl  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Sopher, Aaron, 1905-1972  Search this
Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974  Search this
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Thon, William, 1906-2000  Search this
Weinberg, Albert  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite, 1887-1968  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Interviewer:
Jacobowitz, Arlene  Search this
Extent:
7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Interviews
Date:
1965-1968
Summary:
Interviews of 72 artists, and transcripts for all but five, conducted by Arlene Jacobowitz, the Associate Curator for the Department of Painting and Sculpture at the Brooklyn Museum, between 1965 and 1968. The artists discuss their work in the museum collection. Also included are 38 edited excerpts of the interviews, approximately 2-3 min. in length, used as "audio-labels" in the 1968 "Listening to Pictures" installation at the museum.
Scope and Content Note:
Interviews of 72 artists, and transcripts for all but five, conducted by Arlene Jacobowitz, the Associate Curator for the Department of Painting and Sculpture, between 1965 and 1968. The artists discuss their work in the museum collection. Also included are 38 edited excerpts of the interviews, approximately 2-3 min. in length, used as "audio-labels" in the 1968 "Listening to Pictures" installation.

The artists interviewed are: Lennart Anderson, Stephen B. Antonakos, Marshall Arisman, Walter Barker, Leonard Baskin, Mary Bauermeister, Thomas Hart Benton, Isabel Bishop, Robert Brackman, Sydney Butchkes, Edmund Casarella, George Constant, Robert Warren Dash, Jose DeCreeft, Blanche Dombek, Tom Doyle, Jimmy Ernst, Neil Estern, Philip Evergood, Helen Frankenthaler, Jane Freilicher, Leon Goldin, Sidney Goodman, Sante Graziani, Balcomb Greene, John Grillo, William Gropper, Chaim Gross, Roy Gussow, Robert Gwathmey, Grace Hartigan, Edward Hopper, Nora Jaffe, Paul Jenkins, Minoru Kawabata, William Kienbusch, Karl Knaths, John Koch, Yayoi Kosama, Jennett Lam, Steven Lang, Robert Laurent, Jacob Lawrence, Jack Levine, Jacques Lipchitz, Seymour Lipton, Boris Margo, Ursula Meyer, Hans Moller, Walter Murch, Louise Nevelson, Toshio Odate, Elliot Offner, Douglas Ohlson, Kenzo Okada, Amanda Palmer, Irene Rice Pereira, Gabor Peterdi, Ad Reinhardt, Bill Richards, Larry Rivers, Emilio Sanchez, Karl Schrag, Ben Shahn, Charles Sheeler, Aaron Sopher, Moses Soyer, Raphael Soyer, William Thon, Albert Weinberg, and William and Marguerite Zorach.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as a single series:

Series 1: Interviews, 1965-1968 (Box 1-7; 7 lin. ft.)
Historical Note:
The interview program at the Brooklyn Museum was begun by Arlene Jacobowitz in the spring of 1965 with artists whose works were on exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum. In 1968, excerpts from the interviews were incorporated into an exhibition entitled "Listening to Pictures," in which visitors could access the sound recordings using headphones while standing before the painting being discussed. The exhibition opened April 28, 1968, and was gradually disassembled, 1971-1973.
Related Material:
The Brooklyn Museum Archives houses the records of the Departments of European Painting and Sculpture, American Painting and Sculpture, Contemporary Art (1897-2005), which contain records relating to the work of Arlene Jacobowitz.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Dierdre Lawrence of the Brooklyn Museum in 1989.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Researchers may view the original reels for the archival notations on them, but original reels are not available for playback due to fragility.
Rights:
Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication requires written permission from the interviewee.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Art, American -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Interviews
Citation:
Interview between [artist's name] and [interviewer's name] from the "Listening to Pictures" program of the Brooklyn Museum. Gift of the Brooklyn Museum. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.broomuse
See more items in:
Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-broomuse

Hugo Gellert papers

Creator:
Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985  Search this
Names:
American Artists' Congress  Search this
Art of Today Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artist's Committee of Action (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Coordination Committee (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Artists Council  Search this
Artists for Victory, Inc.  Search this
Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome  Search this
Hungarian Word, Inc.  Search this
National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Derkovits, Gyula, 1894-1934  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Fiene, Ernest, 1894-  Search this
Gellert, Ernest  Search this
Gellert, Lawrence, 1898-1979  Search this
Gottlieb, Harry, 1895-  Search this
Gropper, William, 1897-1977  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reisman, Philip, 1904-  Search this
Sequenzia, Sofia  Search this
Extent:
6.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Date:
1916-1986
Summary:
The papers of graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert measure 6.9 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1986. They document his career as an artist and organizer for the radical political left through an interview, legal papers, financial records, family papers, artifacts, correspondence, writings, organizational records, extensive printed materials (many of them illustrated by Gellert), photographs, and artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert measure 6.9 linear feet and date from 1916 to 1986. They document his career as an artist and organizer for the radical left through an oral interview conducted by Sofia Sequenzia, legal papers, financial records, family papers, artifacts, correspondence, writings, organizational records, clippings, exhibition catalogs, various printed materials illustrated by Gellert, pamphlets, periodicals, mass mailings, photographs, and artwork.

Biographical Material includes an audio interview with Gellert; official documents related to memberships, property, and legal matters; financial documents that include bills, receipts, and contracts related to professional activities; papers of Gellert's brothers, Lawrence and Ernest; and artifacts. Correspondence is with other artists, writers, publishers, activists, friends, and family, including Ernest Fiene, Rockwell Kent, Harry Gottlieb, William Gropper, Philip Evergood, Howard Fast, and Jonas Lie. Writings include essays, book projects, notes, and notebooks written by Gellert; and stories and articles by other authors, including typescripts of early twentieth-century Hungarian short stories collected by Gellert.

Organizational Records are related to political and art organizations in which Gellert was an active organizer, officer, and in some cases, a founder. Because of his central role in many of these organizations, records often contain unique documentation of their activities. Records are found for the American Artists Congress, the Art of Today Gallery, the Artists Committee of Action, the Artists Coordination Committee, the Artists Council, Artists for Victory, Inc., the Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome, Hungarian Word, Inc., the National Society of Mural Painters, and other organizations.

Printed materials include a variety of political publications and periodicals with illustrations by Gellert, including New Masses, Art Front, Magyar Szo, and American Dialog; clippings related to his career, exhibition catalogs, political pamphlets, Hungarian literature, and mass mailings received from political organizations. Photographs contain a few personal photographs but are mostly news and publicity photographs, many of which depict prominent Communists and other newsmakers. Artwork includes sketches, drawings, designs, prints, and production elements for Gellert's artwork, as well as prints and drawings by Philip Reisman, Gyula Derkovits, and Anton Refregier.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1917-1982 (Box 1 and OV 9; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1920-1986 (Boxes 1-2, 8; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1916-1970 (Boxes 2 and 8; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Organizational Records, circa 1920-1977 (Boxes 3, 8, and OV 9; 1 linear foot)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1920-1986 (Boxes 4-6, 8, and OV 9; 3 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1920-1959 (Boxes 6-7; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1927-1981 (Box 7, OV 10; 0.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Graphic artist, muralist, and activist Hugo Gellert was born Hugo Grünbaum in Budapest, Hungary in 1892, the oldest of six children. His family immigrated to New York City in 1906, eventually changing their family name to Gellert.

Gellert attended art school at Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design. As a student, he designed posters for movies and theater, and also worked for Tiffany Studios. A number of student art prizes with cash awards enabled him to travel to Europe in the summer of 1914, where he witnessed the outbreak of World War I, an experience which helped shape his political beliefs. Aesthetically, he was also influenced by a folk revival among Hungarian artists at the time of his trip, and was more impressed, he later said, with the street advertising in Paris than he was with the cubism he saw in the Louvre.

Returning to the United States, Gellert became involved in the Hungarian-American workers' movement, and contributed drawings to its newspaper, Elöre (Forward). He remained involved in Hungarian-American art and activism throughout his life, including membership in the anti-fascist group, the Anti-Horthy League. When members of the fascist Horthy government unveiled a statue of a Hungarian hero in New York in 1928, Gellert hired a pilot and dropped leaflets on the group, a stunt for which he was arrested. In the 1950s, Gellert served as director of Hungarian Word, Inc., a Hungarian-language publisher in New York.

Gellert's political commitment and art remained deeply intertwined throughout his life, as he continually sought to integrate his commitment to Communism, his hatred of fascism, and his dedication to civil liberties. Throughout the 1910s and 1920s, he contributed artwork to several magazines of the radical left, including Masses and its successors Liberator and New Masses, both of which featured Gellert's artwork on their inaugural issue. Through Masses, he came to know other radicals such as Mike Gold, John Reed, Louise Bryant, Max Eastman, Floyd Dell, Anton Refregier, William Gropper, Harry Gottlieb, Bob Minor, and Art Young, and with them he followed the events of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia with sympathy and growing political fervor.

His brother, Ernest Gellert, also a socialist and activist, was drafted into the military but refused to serve. He died of a gunshot wound under suspicious circumstances while imprisoned at Fort Hancock, New Jersey, as a conscientious objector. Traumatized by this event, Gellert fled to Mexico to avoid conscription. In 1920 to 1922, he taught art at the Stelton School in New Jersey, a radical, utopian community school. He participated in the cultural scene of Greenwich Village, working on set designs, publications, and graphic art for political productions. He founded the first John Reed Club in 1929 with a group of Communist artists and writers including Anton Refregier, Louis Lozowick, and William Gropper. Initially, the group held classes and exhibitions, and provided services for strikes and other working-class activism. Later, John Reed Clubs formed around the country and became a formal arm of the United States Communist Party (CPUSA).

In the late 1920s, Gellert became a member of the National Society of Mural Painters (which, partly due to Gellert's activism in the group, became the Mural Artists' Guild local 829 of the United Scenic Artists Union of the AFL-CIO in 1937. Other members included Rockwell Kent, Anton Refregier, Arshile Gorky, and Marion Greenwood). In 1928, he created a mural for the Worker's Cafeteria in Union Square, NY. Later murals include the Center Theater in Rockefeller Center, the National Maritime Union Headquarters, the Hotel and Restaurant Workers' Union Building, NYC, the interior of the Communications Building at the 1939 World's Fair, and the Seward Park Housing Project in 1961.

In 1932, Gellert was invited to participate in a mural exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, and submitted a political mural about the robber barons of contemporary American politics and industry called Us Fellas Gotta Stick Together - Al Capone. The museum attempted to censor the mural, along with the murals of William Gropper and Ben Shahn. Other artists threatened to boycott the exhibition over the censorship and were successful in restoring them to the show.

The cooperation of artists in this controversy foreshadowed a larger protest in 1934, organized by Gellert, Saul Belman, Stuart Davis, and Zoltan Hecht, when Diego Rivera's pro-labor mural was destroyed at Rockefeller Center. After the incident, the group formed the Artists' Committee of Action and continued to fight censorship and advocate for artists' interests and welfare. They also co-published the magazine Art Front with the Artists' Union, a labor organization. Gellert served for a time as editor of Art Front, and chairman of the Artists' Committee of Action.

Gellert was active in producing both art and strategic policy for the cultural arm of the CPUSA, and he worked to mobilize the non-communist left, often referred to as the Popular Front. In 1933 he illustrated Karl Marx's Capital in Lithographs, and in 1935, he wrote a Marxist, illustrated satire called Comrade Gulliver, An Illustrated Account of Travel into that Strange Country the United States of America. Other published graphic works include Aesop Said So (1936) and a portfolio of silkscreen prints entitled Century of the Common Man (1943).

Other artist groups he helped to found and/or run include the American Artist's Congress, a Communist organization founded with Max Weber, Margaret Bourke-White, Stuart Davis, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Harry Sternberg, and others, which held symposia and exhibitions between 1936 and 1942; the Artists' Coordination Committee, an umbrella group of national organizations which sought protections for federally-employed and unionized artists; Artists for Victory, Inc., which formed in 1942 to mobilize artists in support of the war effort; and the Artists' Council, formed after the war to advocate for artists' welfare and employment.

Gellert maintained his loyalty to the Communist party throughout the post-war period despite growing disillusionment in the Popular Front over the actions of Josef Stalin, and despite the intense anti-communist crusades in the late 1940s and 1950s. He was investigated by the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and was nearly deported. He spent a number of years during this period in his wife's native Australia. Returning to the United States in the early 1950s, he threw his efforts into the defense of others who faced prison, deportation, and the blacklist following the HUAC hearings. He established The Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome in 1951 when Jerome, the cultural commissioner of CPUSA, was convicted under the Smith Act. The writer Dorothy Parker was the group's treasurer.

In 1954, Gellert established the Art of Today Gallery in New York City with Rockwell Kent and Charles White to provide an exhibition venue for blacklisted artists. Exhibitions included Maurice Becker, Henry Glintenkamp, Harry Gottlieb, Kay Harris, and Rockwell Kent. Gellert served as the gallery's secretary until it closed in 1957.

In the 1960s until his death in 1985, Gellert continued his activism through involvement in grassroots political organizations. Unlike many of his radical contemporaries, Gellert lived to see the revival of some of the ideas of the progressive era of the thirties in the countercultural years of the late 1960s and early 1970s. There were retrospectives of his work in Moscow in 1967 and in his native Budapest in 1968, and he appeared in Warren Beatty's film Reds in 1981.

Sources used for this essay include James Wechsler's 2003 dissertation "The Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert: Embracing the Spectre of Communism," his essay "From World War I to the Popular Front: The Art and Activism of Hugo Gellert," ( Journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts number 24, Spring 2002), and Jeff Kisseloff's biographical essay for the 1986 Hugo Gellert exhibition at the Mary Ryan Gallery.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are an oral history with Hugo Gellert from 1984, a recording of a lecture Gellert gave at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1985, and additional records of Artists for Victory, Inc., 1942-1946.

The Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University holds additional papers of Hugo Gellert.
Provenance:
A portion of the papers were donated in 1970 by Hugo Gellert. Additional papers were donated by Gellert and his wife, Livia Cinquegrana, in 1983 and 1986.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Hugo Gellert papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists' writings  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Illustrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Citation:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gellhugo
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gellhugo
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