Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
17 documents - page 1 of 1

Ernest Dudley Chase Papers

Creator:
Chase, Ernest Dudley, fl. 1920s  Search this
Holland, Frances  Search this
Holland, Frederic  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Watercolors
Valentines
Poems
Maps
Love letters
Letters (correspondence)
Date:
1924-1966
bulk 1930-1940
Summary:
A collection of greeting cards, pictorial maps, and travel diaries by artist Ernest Dudley Chase. Chase created greeting cards for Clara Holland during their courtship and later marriage. The cards were hand painted by Chase in water color with cut- paper details. Many of the cards include romantic letters or poems composed by Chase.
Scope and Contents:
A collection of greeting cards given by artist Ernest Dudley Chase to Clara Holland in the years during their courtship and marriage, pictorial maps drwan by Chase, and nine travel diaries. The cards were hand-painted by Chase in water color with cut-paper details. Many of the cards include romantic letters or poems composed by Chase.

Series 1, Greeting Cards, circa 1937-1966, consists of hand crafted, personally designed cards that Chase created for his wife Clara Holland. The cards generally include a very affectionate sentiment or on occasion a poem. The cards were done in water color and embellished with cut-paper details and calligraphy. Also included are Monday Morning Letters that Chase wrote to his wife Clara whom he called his "Lovely Little Lady" or "L.L.L."

Series 2, Maps (pictorial), 1935-1947 and undated, consists of maps designed and signed by Chase featuring meticulous illustrations of famous landmarks, flora, fauna and other features.

Series 3, Travel Diaries, 1924-1937, consists of nine volumes of bound, typescript travel diaries maintained by Chase from his travels, to Alaska, the Mediterranean, Carribean, Germany, Holland, Central Europe, Sicily, France, England, Scotland, and Ireland. The diaries are arranged chronologically.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1, Greeting Cards, circa 1937-1966

Series 2, Maps (pictorial), 1935-1947 and undated

Series 3, Travel Diaries, 1924-1938
Biographical / Historical:
Ernest Dudley Chase was born in Lowell, Massachusetts in 1878 but is most associated with the town of Winchester, Massachusetts where he was a well known artist. Chase created a unique body of work, an array of views of various Winchester homes and buildings and whimsically illustrated maps. After attending the Lowell Textile School and the Vesper George Art School in Boston, Chase joined the Butterfield Printing Company in 1900. In 1906, he joined the printing firm of W.T. Sheehan in Boston. He began his own greeting card company in 1908, Des Arts Publishers which eventually became Ernest Dudley Chase Publishers. In 1921, Chase Publishers was purchased by Rust Craft. Chase worked at Rust Craft until 1958 in the position of vice president of creative design. His other duties at Rust Craft included advertising manager and editing the company's newsletter The Rustler and the greeting card industry periodicalThe Greeting Card.

Chase married three times. His first marriage was to Idelle Clark and his second marriage was to Wilhelmina Graham. In 1937, Chase married for a third time to Clara Holland. On all holidays and special occasions, he gave his wife, Clara elaborately crafted, personally designed cards in which he generally included a very affectionate sentiment or on occasion a poem. One of Chase's hobbies was creating enormous greeting cards, gathering thousands of signatures on them and sending them to United States presidents or other famous persons around the world. Chase also enjoyed traveling and documenting his travel experiences in diaries.

According to the book Winchester Artists by Ellen E. Knight, Chase produced more greeting cards than anyone in the United States. He authored the first definitive history of the greeting card business,The Romance of Greeting Cards, which was published in 1926. Chase retired from Rust Craft in 1958 and died in 1966.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Norcross Greeting Card Collection (AC0058)

Olive Leavister 19th Century Handmade Valentine Collection (AC0396)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Greeting Cards (AC0060)
Provenance:
The greeting cards were donated to the Archives Center in 2005 by Ernest Dudley Chase's stepson, Fred, and Frances Holland. Fred Holland donated pictorial maps in July, 2010 and travel diaries in September, 2010.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Greeting cards -- 20th century  Search this
Courtship  Search this
Artists  Search this
Love  Search this
Genre/Form:
Watercolors
Valentines
Poems
Maps -- 1880-1940
Maps -- 1940-1950
Love letters
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Ernest Dudley Chase Papers, 1924-1940s, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0886
See more items in:
Ernest Dudley Chase Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0886
Online Media:

Norcross Greeting Card Collection

Collector:
Norcross, Arthur Dickinson, d. 1968  Search this
Extractive Industries, Division of.  Search this
Rust, Fred Winslow, 1877?-1949  Search this
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company (Dedham (Mass.))  Search this
Extractive Industries, Division of.  Search this
Designer:
Tuck, Raphael, fl. 1880s  Search this
Prang, Louis, fl. 1880-1900  Search this
Chase, Ernest Dudley, fl. 1920s  Search this
Manufacturer:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.))  Search this
Rust Craft Publishers (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Extent:
202 Cubic feet (179 boxes, 362 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lithographs
Business records
Chromolithographs
Color slides
Greeting cards
Valentines
Trade cards
Postcards
Motion pictures (visual works)
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Slides (photographs)
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 20th century
Boston (Mass.) -- 1910-1950
Date:
1800-1981
bulk 1880-1881
Summary:
Collections consists of the records of both the Norcross Greeting Card Company founded in New York City in the 1920s and The Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, founded in Kansas City, Missouri, 1906. Both the Norcross and Rust Craft companies collected antique greeting cards. Also includes a small number of modern cards by other manufacturers, circa 1930-1980. Collection represents development of the greeting card industry, social trends in the United States and technology of the printing industry from 1924 through 1978.
Scope and Contents:
The Norcross Greeting Card Collection consists of cards and a few records of both the Norcross Greeting Card Company and the Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, circa 1911 1981; antique greeting cards, circa 1800 1930 (bulk 1880 1900) collected by both these companies and their executives; and a small number of modern cards by other manufacturers, circa 1939 1960. According to Norcross Company officials in 1978, this collection represents "not only a history of the development of the greeting card industry but also a history of social trends in the United States" and gives "an indication of the quality and technology of the [printing] industry from 1924 through 1978."
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Norcross Company Records, 1920-1981

Series 2: Antique Greeting Card Collection, circa 1800-1930 (bulk 1880-1990)

Series 3: Rust Craft Company Records, circa 1920-1980

Series 4: Greeting Cards by Other Manufacturers, 1939-1960

Series 5: Norcross Company Permanent Files, 1911-1981

Series 6: Rust Craft Company Permanent Files, 1927-1981
Biographical / Historical:
Arthur D. Norcross founded the Norcross Greeting Card Company in New York City in the nineteen twenties. From the start Norcross cards had a "look" which contributed to their selling success although, through the years, the company commanded only a small share of the greeting card market. In 1974 the company relocated to West Chester and Exton, Pennsylvania, where in 1981 Norcross and the Rust Craft Greeting Card Company merged to form divisions of a parent company.

At some point, Norcross executives realized the value of collecting and preserving antique greeting cards. The company built a large collection of antique cards, a number of which traveled in shows around the country bringing attention not only to the cards themselves but also to the Norcross Company.

Arthur Norcross died in 1968, and the company had four owners from then until 1982. One of the owners, the Ziff Corporation, a New York publisher, picked up the Norcross Company to augment the floundering Rust Craft Greeting Card Company that it had purchased primarily for its television holdings. Finally the Norcross and Rust Craft combination was acquired by Windsor Communications, Inc., a privately held company. In August 1981 Windsor entered into Chapter 11 proceedings under the Federal bankruptcy law and ceased producing greeting cards. Factors leading to bankruptcy included the expensive consolidation of Norcross and Rust Craft, a doubtful marketing strategy, and unsuccessful efforts to continue producing two distinct lines of greeting cards.

The Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, some of whose records are contained in this collection, was begun as a little bookshop by Fred Rust, (1877? 1949) in Kansas City in 1906. Later that year he created a plain Christmas folder which he called a "letter," perhaps a forerunner of the greeting card. These "letters" proved successful sellers prompting Rust to increase his publications over the years and expand his line to include post cards, greeting cards with envelopes, calendars, and blotters, in addition to lines of cards for New Year's and birthdays. Donald Rust, his brother, soon joined him to take over manufacturing, and in 1908, Fred Rust, seeking to increase distribution, carried his line to Boston while Donald carried his to California. The original bookshop was retained until 1910 when all retailing was discontinued. After building a considerable volume of business, the firm was consolidated in Boston in 1914 and became known as Rust Craft Publishers.

Sales mounted as the company issued cards for various seasons. Many of the sentiments were written by Fred Rust himself. Around 1927 Ernest Dudley Chase joined the firm as an associate in charge of creation and advertising. In the 1950s the company relocated to Dedham, Massachusetts and finally in 1981 merged with the Norcross Company in West Chester and Exton, Pennsylvania.

A popular innovation of the Rust Craft Company was a card bearing the sentiment printed on the card itself with four or five extra sentiments tucked in as part of the message and design. This card was so popular that it was patented with the name Tukkin. The Rust Craft Company also collected some antique greeting cards.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

AC0109 Division of Domestic Life Greeting Card Collection, circa 1854-1975

AC0126 Burris and Byrd Family Card Sample Case, circa 1920

AC0263 Susie Paige Afro-American Greeting Card Collection, 1900-1984

AC0376 Olive Leavister 19th Century Handmade Valentine Collection, 1830-1880

AC0404 Archives Center Business Americana Collection, circa 1900-present

AC0530 Beatrice Litzinger Postcard Collection, 1900-1990

AC0468Archives Center Scrapbook Collection, circa 1880-circa 1960

AC0579 Greeting Card Collection, 1920s-1970s

AC0886 Ernest Dudley Chase Papers, 1930s-1940s

AC1198 Beatrice Morgan Steyskal Collection of Greeting Cards, 1958-1970

AC0060 Warshaw Collection of Business Americana

AC1251 L.F. Pease Greeting Card Company Collection, circa 1908-1913

AC 1252 Sandford Greeting Card Company and Family Papers, circa 1840-1990

AC 0062 Hoffmania (or Hoffman Collection

AC0295 Rocky Herosian Collection, 1910-1943

AC0674 Jean Clairmook Radio Scrapbook, 1930-1932

AC0136 Celia K. Erskine Scrapbook of Valentines, Advertising Cards, and Postcards, circa 1882-1884

The Valentine & Expressions of Love [videocassette], 2000 within the Archives Center Miscellaneous Film and Videotape Collection, (AC0358)
Provenance:
Norcross Greeting Card Company, West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1982-1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Lithographs
Business records -- 20th century
Chromolithographs -- 1880-1900
Color slides
Greeting cards -- ca. 1800-1980
Valentines
Trade cards
Postcards
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 1960-1980
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Slides (photographs) -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0058
See more items in:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0058
Online Media:

Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang

Creator:
Sittig, Mary Margaret  Search this
Names:
L. Prang & Co.  Search this
Heinzen, Rosa Prang  Search this
Prang, Louis, 1824-1909  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Watercolors
Prints
Etchings
Paintings
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1860-1978
Summary:
Art historian Mary Margaret Sittig's research material on Louis Prang dates from 1860 to 1978 and measures 3.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material for Louis Prang and for Mary Margaret Sittig, collected letters from various members of the Prang family, and scattered letters to Sittig from friends. Additional collected research materials include scattered personal business records for Louis Prang and his wife, notes and writings, art work, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
Art historian Mary Margaret Sittig's research material on Louis Prang dates from 1860 to 1978 and measures 3.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material for Louis Prang and for Mary Margaret Sittig, collected letters from various members of the Prang family, and scattered letters to Sittig from friends. Additional collected research materials include scattered personal business records for Louis Prang and his wife, notes and writings, art work, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical material concerning Louis Prang includes a record book and genealogy listing Prang family members, ephemera, and scattered family papers. Biographical material concerning Mary Margaret Sittig includes resumes, a photograph of Sitting, and scattered ephemera. Letters primarily consist of scattered communications between miscellaneous Prang family members, and a few business-related letters. Letters to Mary Margaret Sittig are primarily from friends and discuss her research activities. Personal business records consist of an account book for Louis Prang's wife, Rosa, and miscellaneous receipts for Louis Prang.

Notes and writings primarily consist of photocopies of research material on Louis Prang collected by Mary Margaret Sittig and include a typescript of her thesis L. Prang and Company, Fine Art Publishers. Art work consists of ink drawings, watercolor sketches, an etching, a block print, and an oil painting on fabric.

Printed material concerning Louis Prang includes clippings, commercial lithographs of book illustrations, chromolithographs of ceramics from the Walters Collection, and printed reproductions of work by others.

Photographs are of Louis Prang, his wives Rosa Prang and Mary Dana Hicks Prang, miscellaneous Prang family members, and of scattered art work. There is also the Prang Family Photograph Album that contains annotations, but no photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1881-1973 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 2: Letters, 1864-1974 (Box 1; 23 folders)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1875-1917 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1890-1978 (Box 1; 16 folders)

Series 5: Art Work, circa 1880 (Box 1; 9 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1866-1972 (Box 1-8; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1860-1957 (Box 3, 7; 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
Mary Margaret Sittig was a doctoral student at George Washington University in Washington D.C. working on a dissertation about the life and work of Boston lithographer Louis Prang (1824-1909), often referred to as the "father of the American Christmas card." Sittig completed her Master's theses L. Prang and Company, Fine Art Publishers in 1970, but died before completing her doctoral dissertation.

In 1864, Prang visited Europe to study the latest techniques in German lithography. He returned to Boston to create high quality reproductions of major works of art using a lithographic process he called "chromos." In 1874, he began producing greeting cards for the popular market in England and began selling the Christmas card in the United States the next year. Also in 1874, Prang began publishing books for drawing and elementary art study for public schools. This latter activity proved so successful that he formed the Prang Educational Company in 1882.
Related Material:
The Archives also holds the Louis Prang papers, 1848-1932.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Mary Margaret Sittig's brother James C. Sittig in 2001, in memory of Charlotte, Edgar, and Mary Sittig.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Lithographers  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Art historians -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Watercolors
Prints
Etchings
Paintings
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang, 1860-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sittmary
See more items in:
Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sittmary
Online Media:

Louis Prang papers

Creator:
Prang, Louis, 1824-1909  Search this
Names:
L. Prang & Co.  Search this
Prang & Meyer  Search this
Christopher, E. Wrightson, 1894-  Search this
Cook, Clarence, 1828-1900  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Photographs
Lectures
Typescripts
Date:
1848-1932
Summary:
The papers of lithographer Louis Prang date from 1848 to 1932 and measure 1.2 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, writings, art work, card samples, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of lithographer Louis Prang date from 1848 to 1932 and measure 1.2 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, writings, art work, card samples, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical material includes a Prussian arrest warrant for Prang, a passport, a receipt for household purchases, patent and membership certificates, and a photocopy of a letter from John Greenleaf Whittier.

Writings are primarily typescripts of lectures by Prang and a typescript "Lithographic Process Used by Louis Prang" by the donor, E. Wrightson Christopher, and a hand-written page concerning a card design competition by Clarence Cook.

Art work consists of a pencil drawing executed by Prang, possibly as a school assignment. Printed material consists of a book of color separation proofs, a sales book of samples of Prang's products, and catalogs for Easter and Valentine cards. Photographs are of Prang, family members, his residence, events, and colleagues.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1852-1906 (Box 1-2, OV 5; 8 folders)

Series 2: Writings, 1880-1898 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 3: Art Work, circa 1848 (Box 2; 1 folder)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1873-1889 (Box 1-4; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, 1874-1932 (Box 1-2, OV 5; 8 folders)
Biographical Note:
Louis Prang (1824-1909) of Boston, Massachusetts, was a lithographer and wood engraver, famous for his chromolithographic reproductions of major works of art as well as for a series of publications used for art education in public schools. Because his company was first to make commercially printed greeting cards available to the public, Prang is often referred to as the "father of the American Christmas Card."

Louis Prang was born on March 12, 1824 in Breslau in what is now Poland. He was the only son among the seven children of a French Huguenot father Jonas Louis Prang and a German mother, Rosina Silverman. Louis Prang learned to dye and print calico as an apprentice in his father's shop. After traveling as a journeyman in Europe, he became involved in revolutionary activity against the Prussian government in 1848. Prang went to Switzerland, emigrated to the United States and settled in Boston in 1850, marrying Rosa Gerber in the following year.

Between 1848 and 1856, Prang supported himself by making wood engravings to illustrate various publications. In 1856, he joined with Julius Mayer and formed the partnership of Prang and Mayer, lithographic and copper plate manufacturers. The business continued until 1860 when Prang became sole owner, changing the name to L. Prang and Co. The firm printed business cards, announcements and other forms of ephemera and soon branched into the production of maps of Civil War sites and novelty items including albums and sets of picture cards decorated with a wide variety of images that became popular collectibles.

In 1864, Prang visited Europe to study the latest techniques in German lithography. He returned to Boston to create high quality reproductions of major works of art using a lithographic process he called "chromos." In 1874, he began producing greeting cards for the popular market in England and began selling the Christmas card in the United States the next year, resulting in his being called the "father of the American Christmas card." Also in 1874, Prang began publishing books for drawing and elementary art study for public schools. This latter activity proved so successful that he formed the Prang Educational Company in 1882. During this time, Prang shared his residence and his work with the family of his son-in-law, lithographer Karl K. Heinzen, who married Prang's daughter Rosa.

Through a merger in 1897, L. Prang and Co. became the Taber-Prang Company and moved from Boston to Springfield, Massachusetts. Two years following the death of his first wife in 1898, Prang married Mary Dana Hicks, an art teacher and author associated with the Prang Educational Company. Prang had retired from active business in 1899 and traveled extensively for the next decade. He became ill and died while en route to view an Exposition in Los Angeles in 1909.

Louis Prang died on June 14, 1909, in Los Angeles, California.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is the Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang.
Provenance:
The Louis Prang papers were donated in 1989 by Thomas West Christopher, M.D., son of E. Wrightson Christopher who compiled the papers while he was a publisher of greeting cards. A photocopied letter and a sales book of samples were donated separately and have unknown provenances.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Louis Prang papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Lithographers  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Lectures
Typescripts
Citation:
Louis Prang, 1848-1932. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pranloui
See more items in:
Louis Prang papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pranloui
Online Media:

American Artists Group records

Creator:
American Artists Group  Search this
Names:
Ahgupuk, George Aden  Search this
Anderson, C. W. (Clarence William), 1891-1971  Search this
Avery, Ralph Hillyer, 1906-1976  Search this
Babcock, R. Fayerweather, 1887-1954  Search this
Bailey, Merrill A., 1909-  Search this
Bakós, Józef, 1891-1977  Search this
Barker, Ken, d. 1956  Search this
Behncke, Nile Jurgen, 1894-1954  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig, 1898-1962  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Bolton, Clarence, 1893-1962  Search this
Botke, Cornelius, 1887-1954  Search this
Botke, Jessie Arms, 1883-1971  Search this
Boyd, Fiske, 1895-1975  Search this
Buff, Conrad, 1886-1975  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Bye, Ranulph, 1916-2003  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton, 1901-1980  Search this
Cosgrave, John O'Hara, 1908-1968  Search this
Curry, John Steuart, 1897-1946  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore, 1901-1967  Search this
Denison, Harold, 1887-1940  Search this
Detwiller, Fred  Search this
Dows, Olin, 1904-1981  Search this
Dubois, Yvonne Pène  Search this
Duvoisin, Roger, 1900-  Search this
Dwight, Mabel, 1876-1955  Search this
Eby, Kerr, 1890-1946  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941  Search this
Enright, Walter J. (Walter Joseph), 1879-1969  Search this
Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert, 1891-1969  Search this
Freeman, Don, 1908-1978  Search this
Funk, Tom  Search this
Gaige, Richard  Search this
Ganso, Emil, 1895-1941  Search this
Golden, Samuel, 1895-1963  Search this
Golinkin, Joseph W. (Joseph Webster), 1896-  Search this
Gordon, Witold  Search this
Grant, Gordon, 1875-1962  Search this
Grant, Vernon, 1902-  Search this
Harmon, Jim  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell, 1893-1963  Search this
Helik, Peter  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967  Search this
Hunt, Peter, 1896?-1967  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Hutson, 1900-1971  Search this
Jacobs, Elmer, 1900-  Search this
Johnstone, Ralph Wilbur, 1911-  Search this
Kantor, Martha Ryther, 1896-1981  Search this
Karasz, Ilonka  Search this
Kent, Norman, 1903-1972  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
King, Nettie  Search this
Kleiber, Hans, 1887-1967  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina, 1889-1977  Search this
Kloss, Gene, 1903-  Search this
Komroff, Manuel, 1890-  Search this
Kotula, Jo  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Kronengold, Adolph, 1900-  Search this
Kuehne, Max, 1880-1968  Search this
Lahey, Richard, b. 1893  Search this
Landacre, Paul, 1893-  Search this
Landon, Edward, 1911-1984  Search this
Latham, Barbara, 1896-1989  Search this
Laughlin, Margaret  Search this
Lederer, Wolfgang, 1912-  Search this
Lenski, Lois, 1893-  Search this
Lewicki, James  Search this
Loeffler, Gisella, 1900-  Search this
Luce, C. A.  Search this
Luneau, Omer Joachim, 1909-  Search this
Markham, Kyra, 1891-1967  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Mays, Maxwell, 1918-  Search this
Morris, Dudley, 1912-1966  Search this
Naegele, Thomas, 1924-  Search this
Nason, Thomas W. (Thomas Willoughby), 1889-1971  Search this
Nesbitt, Alexander, 1901-  Search this
Neufeld, Woldemar, 1909-2002  Search this
Neville, Vera  Search this
Newcombe, Warren, b. 1894  Search this
Newton, Edith Whittlesey, 1878-1962?  Search this
Nichols, Dale, 1904-  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Nicolett, Frank L., b. 1887  Search this
Nordmark, Olle, b. 1890  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Pajaud, William E., 1925-  Search this
Paull, Grace, 1898-  Search this
Pellew, John C., 1903-  Search this
Pennoyer, A. Sheldon (Albert Sheldon), 1888-1957  Search this
Pescheret, Leon Rene, 1892-1961  Search this
Petroff, Gilmer, 1913-  Search this
Pike, John, 1911-1979  Search this
Pitz, Henry Clarence, 1895-1976  Search this
Plummer, Virginia  Search this
Poray, Stan, 1888-1948  Search this
Prentiss, Tina, 1905-  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Rees, Rosalie, b. 1897  Search this
Reynard, Grant T., 1887-1968  Search this
Rogers, John, 1906-  Search this
Roland, Conrad  Search this
Ronnebeck, Arnold, 1885-1947  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr, 1887-1965  Search this
Rosenberg, James N. (James Naumburg), b. 1874  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty, 1889-1971  Search this
Ross, Sanford  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Ruzicka, Rudolph, 1883-  Search this
Sample, Paul, 1896-1974  Search this
Santo, Patsy, b. 1893  Search this
Sawyer, Helen  Search this
Schaldach, William Joseph, 1896-  Search this
Schreiber, Georges, 1904-  Search this
Shane, Fred, 1906-  Search this
Sharp, John, 1911-  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989  Search this
Shelton, Alphonse Joseph, 1905-  Search this
Shepler, Dwight, 1905-  Search this
Shevis, William  Search this
Shokler, Harry, b. 1896  Search this
Sinclair, Gerrit Van W., 1890-1955  Search this
Slotnick, Mortimer H., 1920-  Search this
Smith, Bissell Phelps  Search this
Soderberg, Ynve Edward, 1896-1971  Search this
Sternberg, Harry, 1904-2001  Search this
Thieme, Anthony, 1888-1954  Search this
Ulreich, Nura Woodson  Search this
Vorst, Joseph Paul, b. 1897  Search this
Walker, Maynard  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich), 1895-1983  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow, 1906-1978  Search this
Wheelock, Warren, 1880-1960  Search this
Whorf, John, 1903-1959  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton), 1883-1962  Search this
Wiggins, Myra Albert, 1869-1956  Search this
Wilson, Edward Arthur, 1886-1970  Search this
Woiceske, Ronau William, 1887-1953  Search this
Woodward, Stanley Wingate, 1890-1970  Search this
Extent:
12 microfilm reels
0.4 Linear feet (Unmicrofilmed)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1934-1965
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, photographs, clippings, biographical data on artists, press notices, Christmas cards, and publications documenting the organization's attempt to provide a market for artists affected by the Depression by using original work for greeting cards.
REELS NAGI-NAG12: Correspondence is between Samuel Golden, director, and artists whose work was sought. Among the correspondents are George Ahgupuk, C.W. Anderson, Ralph Avery, R. Fayerweather Babcock, Merrill A. Bailey, Jozef Bakos, Ken Barker, Nile Jurgen Behncke, Ludwig Bemelmans, Thomas H. Benton, Aaron Bohrod, Clarence Bolton, Cornelius Botke, Jessie Arms Botke, Fiske Boyd, Conrad Buff, Charles E. Burchfield, Ranulph Bye, Howard N. Cook, John O'Hara Cosgrave, John Steuart Curry, Gladys R. Davis, Harold Thomas Denison, Frederick K. Detwiller, Olin Dows, Yvonne Pène Dubois, Roger Antoine Duvoisin, Mabel Dwight, Kerr Eby, Louis M. Eilshemius, W.J. Enright, Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, Don Freeman, Tom Funk, Richard Gaige, Emil Ganso, Joseph Webster Golinkin, Witold Gordon, Gordon Grant, Vernon Grant, Jim Harmon, Dalzell Hatfield, Peter Helik, Edward Hopper, Peter Hunt,
Victoria Hutson Huntley, Elmer Jacobs, Ralph Johnstone, Ilonka Karasz, Norman Kent, Rockwell Kent, Nettie King, Hans Kleiber, Georgina Klitgaard, Gene Kloss, Manuel Komroff, Jo Kotula, Leon Kroll, Adolf Kronengold, Max Kuehne, Richard Lahey, Paul Hambleton Landacre, Edward Landon, Barbara Latham, Margaret Laughlin, Wolfgang Lederer, Lois Lenski, James Lewicki, Gisella Loeffler, C. A. Luce, Omer Luneau, Kyra Markham, Reginald Marsh, Maxwell Mays, Dudley Morris, Thomas F. Naegele, Thomas W. Nason, Alexander Nesbitt, Vera Neville, Woldemar Neufeld, Warren Newcombe, Edith Newton, Dale Nichols, Hobart Nichols, Frank L. Nicolet, Olle Nordmark, Jose Clemente Orozco,
William E. Pajaud, Virginia Plummer, Grace Paull, John C. Pellew, A. Sheldon Pennoyer, Leon Pescheret, Gilmer Petroff, John Pike, Henry C. Pitz, Stan Poray, Tina Prentiss, Gregorio Prestopino, Rosalie Rees, Grant Reynard, John Rogers,Conrad Roland, Arnold Ronnebeck, Ruth Starr Rose, James N. Rosenberg, Doris Rosenthal, Sanford Ross, Andree Ruellan, Rudolph Ruzicka, Martha Ryther,Paul Sample, Patsy Santo, Helen Sawyer, William J. Schaldach, Georges Schreiber,Frederick Shane, John Sharp, Charles Sheeler, Millard Sheets, Alphonse Shelton, Dwight Shepler, William Shevis, Harry Shokler, Gerrit V. Sinclair, Mortimer Slotnick, Bissell Phelps Smith, Yngve Edward Soderberg, Harry Sternberg, Anthony Thieme, Nura Ulreich, Joseph P. Vorst, Maynard Walker, Heinz Warneke,Stow Wengenroth, John Whorf, Warren F. Wheelock, Harry H. Wickey, Guy Wiggins, Myra A. Wiggins, Edward A. Wilson, Ronau W. Woiceske, Stanley W. Woodward, and others.
UNMICROFILMED: A portfolio of 106 Christmas cards, with the evelopes and original packing materials, printed and distributed by the American Artists Group in 1935. This is a nearly complete set (missing only two cards) and the first set published by the group. Also included are three publications: "Handbook of the American Artists Group," 1935, "Original Etchings, Lithographs, and Woodcuts Published by the American Artists Group," 1937, and "Ten Years, A Christmas Card Adventure," ca. 1944
Biographical / Historical:
Greeting card company. Founded 1934; New York, N.Y. One of its aims was to popularize contemporary American art by publishing fine reproductions of original etchings, lithographs, drawings and paintings on greeting cards.
Provenance:
Materials on reels NAG1-12 lent for microfilming by the American Artists Group, 1966-1968. Unmicrofilmed material donated 1994 by Allen P. Golden, son of Samuel Golden who founded the American Artists Group.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Art -- Marketing -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Reproduction  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.amerartg
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-amerartg

American Artists Group records, 1934-1965

Creator:
American Artists Group  Search this
Subject:
Grant, Gordon  Search this
Smith, Bissell Phelps  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Pajaud, William E.  Search this
Bakós, Józef  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Helik, Peter  Search this
Prentiss, Tina  Search this
Gaige, Richard  Search this
Sawyer, Helen  Search this
Rogers, John  Search this
Dwight, Mabel  Search this
Walker, Maynard  Search this
Lahey, Richard  Search this
Barker, Ken  Search this
Dubois, Yvonne Pène  Search this
Detwiller, Fred  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Pellew, John C.  Search this
Bolton, Clarence  Search this
Reynard, Grant T.  Search this
Botke, Cornelius  Search this
Santo, Patsy  Search this
Neville, Vera  Search this
Schreiber, Georges  Search this
Newcombe, Warren  Search this
Markham, Kyra  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina  Search this
Eby, Kerr  Search this
Neufeld, Woldemar  Search this
Mays, Maxwell  Search this
Soderberg, Ynve Edward  Search this
Anderson, C. W. (Clarence William),  Search this
Golden, Samuel  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton)  Search this
Ross, Sanford  Search this
Shevis, William  Search this
Johnstone, Ralph Wilbur  Search this
Babcock, R. Fayerweather  Search this
Poray, Stan  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow  Search this
Petroff, Gilmer  Search this
Kotula, Jo  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Sample, Paul Starrett  Search this
Cosgrave, John O'Hara  Search this
Harmon, Jim  Search this
Ulreich, Nura Woodson  Search this
Nichols, John Hobart  Search this
Kleiber, Hans  Search this
Nesbitt, Alexander  Search this
Shane, Fred  Search this
Luneau, Omer Joachim  Search this
Ruzicka, Rudolph  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Komroff, Manuel  Search this
Rönnebeck, Arnold H.  Search this
Morris, Dudley  Search this
Lenski, Lois  Search this
Sharp, John  Search this
Gordon, Witold  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig  Search this
Curry, John Steuart  Search this
Kloss, Gene  Search this
Pike, John  Search this
Whorf, John  Search this
Kent, Norman  Search this
Hunt, Peter  Search this
Kuehne, Max  Search this
Plummer, Virginia  Search this
Duvoisin, Roger  Search this
Ganso, Emil  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Rosenberg, James N. (James Naumburg)  Search this
Woodward, Stanley Wingate  Search this
Botke, Jessie Arms  Search this
Grant, Vernon  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell  Search this
Jacobs, Elmer  Search this
Pescheret, Leon Rene  Search this
Woiceske, Ronau William  Search this
Lederer, Wolfgang  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Naegele, Thomas  Search this
Roland, Conrad  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Sinclair, Gerrit Van W.  Search this
Funk, Tom  Search this
Freeman, Don  Search this
Karasz, Ilonka  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr  Search this
Latham, Barbara  Search this
Vorst, Joseph Paul  Search this
Slotnick, Mortimer H.  Search this
Landon, Edward August  Search this
Shokler, Harry  Search this
Kronengold, Adolph  Search this
Ahgupuk, George Aden  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Enright, Walter J. (Walter Joseph),  Search this
Wheelock, Warren  Search this
Golinkin, Joseph W. (Joseph Webster),  Search this
Sheets, Millard Owen  Search this
Luce, C. A.  Search this
Nicolett, Frank L.  Search this
King, Nettie  Search this
Landacre, Paul  Search this
Pennoyer, A. Sheldon (Albert Sheldon),  Search this
Pitz, Henry Clarence  Search this
Loeffler, Gisella  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Paull, Grace  Search this
Rees, Rosalie  Search this
Denison, Harold  Search this
Shepler, Dwight  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Nordmark, Olle  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Schaldach, William Joseph  Search this
Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert  Search this
Nason, Thomas W. (Thomas Willoughby)  Search this
Bailey, Merrill A.  Search this
Fulton, Martha Ryther  Search this
Nichols, Dale  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich)  Search this
Laughlin, Margaret  Search this
Bye, Ranulph  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Ebbels Hutson  Search this
Lewicki, James  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée  Search this
Avery, Ralph Hillyer  Search this
Buff, Conrad  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Shelton, Alphonse Joseph  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Boyd, Fiske  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Wiggins, Myra Albert  Search this
Thieme, Anthony  Search this
Newton, Edith Whittlesey  Search this
Behncke, Nile Jurgen  Search this
Wilson, Edward Arthur  Search this
Topic:
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Art  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6979
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209108
AAA_collcode_amerartg
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209108

Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang, 1860-1978

Creator:
Sittig, Mary Margaret  Search this
Subject:
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Prang, Louis  Search this
Heinzen, Rosa Prang  Search this
L. Prang & Co  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Topic:
Chromolithography  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5970
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)227984
AAA_collcode_sittmary
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_227984
Online Media:

Louis Prang papers, 1848-1932

Creator:
Prang, Louis, 1824-1909  Search this
Subject:
Cook, Clarence  Search this
Christopher, E. Wrightson  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf  Search this
L. Prang & Co  Search this
Prang & Meyer  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9709
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211965
AAA_collcode_pranloui
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211965
Online Media:

Lillian Pease Card Company Records

Donor:
Gruppo, Barbara Pease  Search this
Rodney W. Pease, III  Search this
Piotrowicz, Elizabeth Pease  Search this
Leers, Katherine Pease  Search this
Gruppo, Barbara Pease  Search this
Leers, Katherine Pease  Search this
Piotrowicz, Elizabeth Pease  Search this
Rodney W. Pease, III  Search this
Creator:
Pease, L.F.  Search this
Names:
Women's Christian Temperance Union  Search this
Extent:
2.33 Cubic feet (7 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Date:
1908-1936; undated
Summary:
The collection consists of samples of primarily greeting cards designed and created by the Lillian Pease Card Company.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of samples of cards designed and created by the Lillian Pease Card Company. Although most of the materials are greeting cards, there are also some postcards. Most of the cards have stock numbers and only a few of them are dated. Copyright applications and information pertaining to copyright registration are also found among these materials. In addition, there are two catalogues that list favorite message cards and a list of publications of the Sandford, Pease and Prince companies. The Sandford and Prince Card Companies were owned by Mary Elizabeth Sandford and Georgina Prince, sisters of Lillian Pease.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Greeting Cards and Postcards, 1910-1936; undated

Series 2: Copyright Materials, 1908-1912; undated
Biographical / Historical:
Lillian Frances Kennedy Pease was born February 3, 1855 in New York. She worked as a teacher until her marriage to Alvah W. Pease, a jeweler from Buffalo, New York (1855-1925) in 1883. Shortly after her marriage she started a greeting card company on Laurel Street in Buffalo. Her sister, Mary Elizabeth Kennedy Sandford, also created a greeting card company in Danville, New York in 1907. Pease used the Sandford Card Company as a distributor for some of her greeting cards. Aside from her greeting card business Lillian was very involved in the Temperance Movement. On one occasion Pease went to Ireland to take part in the Women's Christian Temperance Union convention. Mementoes of this trip are in the Sandford Card Company Collection. Pease died in 1933 and the company closed shortly after her death.
Related Materials:
The Archives Center holds the records of the Sandford Greeting Card Company and Family Papers (AC1252).
Provenance:
Donated in 2011 to the Archives Center by the great-grandchildren of Lillian F. Pease: Katherine Pease Leers, Barbara Pease Gruppo, Rodney W. Pease III, and Elizabeth Pease Piotrowicz.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Potential users must receive written permission from appropriate rights holders prior to obtaining high quality copies.
Topic:
Holidays  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Greeting card industry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Citation:
Lillian Pease Card Company Records, 1908-1936; undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1251
See more items in:
Lillian Pease Card Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1251
Online Media:

Marvin E. Mundel Industrial Engineering Collection

Creator:
Mundel, Marvin Everett, 1916-1996 (industrial engineer)  Search this
Names:
A.O. Smith Company  Search this
Aji-no-moto Corporation  Search this
Albert Trostel and Sons  Search this
Aluminum Goods Manufacturing Comp  Search this
American Colortype  Search this
American Institute of Industrial Engineers  Search this
Asian Productivity organization  Search this
Barbar and Coleman  Search this
Bridgestone  Search this
Briggs and Stratton  Search this
Buffalo China Company  Search this
Cindahy Brothers Company  Search this
College of Technology Birmingham, England  Search this
E.I. DuPont De Nemours  Search this
Gardner Board and Carton Company  Search this
Hamilton Manufacturing Company  Search this
Herbst Shoe Manufacturing Company  Search this
Japan Productivity Center  Search this
Japanese Management Association  Search this
Kanaki Gear Plant  Search this
Kanebo Spinning Co.  Search this
Kawasake Dockyard  Search this
Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Comp  Search this
Milwaukee Dental Research Group  Search this
Milwaukee Gas Company  Search this
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd.  Search this
Nihon Denso  Search this
Nippon Electric Company  Search this
Nippon Kokan Tsurumi  Search this
Pillsbury Mills  Search this
Purdue University  Search this
S.C. Johnson and Son  Search this
Society for the Advancement of Management  Search this
Stephan A. Young Company  Search this
Sumitomo  Search this
Walgreen's  Search this
Western Printing and Lithography Corp  Search this
Westover Engineers  Search this
Yanmar Diesel Engine Company  Search this
Deming, Edwards  Search this
Gambrell, C.B.  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (36 boxes)
75 motion picture films
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion picture films
Photographs
Field notes
Motion photographs
Diagrams
Loop films
Motion pictures (visual works)
Transparencies
Correspondence
Charts
Place:
United States Navy Long Beach Naval Shipyard
United States Rock Island Arsenal
Date:
1937-1996
Summary:
The Marvin E. Mundel Industrial Engineering Collection contains correspondence, reports, data, notes, publications, books, charts, certificates, awards, writings, photographs, films and videos that document the life and career of Marvin Mundel, a well-known expert in the field of work management and productivity enhancement.
Scope and Contents:
The Marvin E. Mundel Industrial Engineering Collection contains correspondence, reports, data, notes, publications, books, charts, certificates, awards, writings, photographs, films and videos that document the life and career of Marvin Mundel and demonstrate his work practices and teaching techniques.

The collection is organized chronologically into eleven series: Biographical Materials, Writings, Industrial Engineering, Work Methods, Purdue University, Time and Motion Study, Government Work, Japanese Consulting, Asian Productivity Organization, Dupont Case Study, and Films and Videos. While the years in each series may overlap, the separation of series demonstrates the evolution of Mundel's work and teachings. Photographs can be found throughout the collection. Information about the film and video series is located in Appendix A.

Series 1, Biographical Materials, 1953-1996, consists of documentation about Mundel and his career. The series contains bibliographies and curriculum vitae, correspondence, documentation on his memberships in Industrial Engineering groups, photographs, and certificates.

Series 2, Writings, 1937-1994, brings together Mundel's papers, speeches, books, and publications. When possible, the writings are arranged chronologically. The remaining writings are arranged by topic. This series should not be considered a definitive bibliography of Mundel's writings.

Series 3, Industrial Engineering, 1954-1995, combines Mundel's research with correspondence to and from other Industrial Engineers. It also includes Mundel's contributions to the Encyclopedia Britannica on "Industrial Engineering," "Work Measurement," and "Memomotion."

Series 4, Work Methods, undated, contains documents such as forms, office procedure manuals, visual aids, and printed matter about office equipment that offer insight into Mundel's work methods and innovative methods of making his own office more efficient.

Series 5, Purdue University, 1951-1957, documents his teaching career at the Industrial Engineering Department as well correspondence from his trip to England where he taught classes on industrial engineering.

Series 6, Time and Motion Study, 1952-1984, includes notes, data, printed matter, correspondence, charts, and photographs from his consultant work for various companies. This series contains seven subseries: Subseries 1, Consulting Work, 1954-1966; Subseries 2, Correspondence, 1956-1960; Subseries 3, Course work, undated; Subseries 4, Equipment, undated; Subseries 5, Film, 1952-1984; Subseries 6, Memberships, 1970-1977; and Subseries 7, Research, 1957.

Subseries 1, Consulting work, 1954-1966, contains correspondence and data from the corporations that hired Mundel as a consultant. Subseries 2, Correspondence, 1956-1960, the contains letters to and from people with diverse interests in time and motion study. Many people wrote to Mundel asking for advice with projects. Visual aids and handouts make up Subseries 3, Course work. In order to create memomotion, Mundel needed to refine certain electrical and motor parts on the cameras and projectors with which he worked. Subseries 4, Equipment, undated, have brochures on many different kinds of motors and switches. Subseries 5, Film, 1952-1984, contains most of the documentation that relates directly to films and video cassettes in this collection. Mundel was active in many organizations related to industrial engineering that shared his interests in time and motion study. Finally, copies and clippings make up the research subseries, 1957.

Series 7, Government Work, 1952-1971, documents Mundel's work for the government, from his work at Rock Island Arsenal to seminars for NASA. This series contains correspondence, data, reports, course work, visual aids, and photographs. The consulting work is arranged in a chronological manner and, in some instances, alphabetically.

Series 8, Japanese Consulting, 1959-1987, documents Mundel's consulting work for Japanese corporations. The files are arranged alphabetically by company and contain research, data, charts, notes, reports, and correspondence about each manufacturing firm. His notebooks and trip files give insight into his cultural understanding of Japanese firms and his teaching practices. Of special interest are the notebooks that contain photographs and firsthand experiences of adapting to Japanese culture and understanding Japanese work practices.

Series 9, Asian Productivity Organization, 1973-1994, consists of year and country files of Mundel's seminars throughout the Far East. The course work, notes, visual aids, reports, and photographs demonstrate Mundel's shift in emphasis from work measurement to managerial organization. This series also contains books published by the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) that give a context to Mundel's work and writings.

Series 10, Dupont Case Study, 1978-1984, contains correspondence, data, notes, reports, research, and visual aids concerning one of the many American companies where Mundel consulted. Dupont was selected because of its prominence in the American business world.

Series 11, Films and Videos, circa 1939-1973, is comprised of 16mm films and 1⁄2" VHS videocassette tapes. The bulk of the series is 16mm films. The films relate to the documents in Series 6: Time and Motion Studies. There are six subseries: Rating Films, 1939-1973; Memomotion Films, circa 1948-1959; Multi-Image Loops, circa, 1956-1958; Instructional Films, circa 1939-1962; Travel Films, circa 1955-1958 and Papers, undated.

Films are labeled either OF, RF, OV, or RV, for Original Film, Reference Film, Original Video, and Reference Video, respectively. [Example: For "676.24 OF Roll Edge on Sheet Metal Disc, circa 1960 (REF. FILM 676.24 and REF. VIDEO 676.70)," 676 is the collection number; 24 is the item number; OF means original film; "Roll Edge on Sheet Metal Disc" is the title; 1960 is the date followed by any reference copies. In this case there are both a reference film and a reference video. The Archives Center will eventually have reference copies for all of the films. for researchers to view.

Subseries 1, Rating Films, circa 1939-1973, represents Mundel's work with rating or pace films. This technique films a worker doing a repetitive work unit and allows trained motion study analysts to establish time standards. These films show a wide variety of jobs held by both men and women, American workers and Japanese workers. There are three groups of films:

Demonstration Rating Films: These films have the same format as titles with 10 scenes of workers doing a work unit at different paces. The films are arranged according to Mundel's numerical system and retain the original titles. These films should be projected at 1000 frames per minute.

Poultry Rating Films: These are rating films that Mundel did for the USDA and the Consumer Protection Programs.

Miscellaneous Films: These are Mundel's rating films for Tung Sol, ASF, Woods Veterans Hospital, and Montfort. There is also a rating film taken by an English company.

Subseries 2, Memomotion Films, circa 1948-1959, includes memomotion examples that were incorporated into instructional films. Memomotion is a filming technique created by Mundel. Time and motion analysts film a non-repetitive or extended crew activity at one frame per second and then project the film at normal speed. In this manner, the analyst can record a longer work period at a fraction of the cost and be able to analyze the film much more quickly. Memomotion is often used in conjunction with work flow diagrams.

Subseries 3, Multi-Image Loops, circa 1956-1958, combines seven of Mundel's multi-image loops onto one film core. The films display twelve images of rating films at the same time. The worker in each image is working at a different pace (fastest in the top left-hand corner and the slowest in the bottom right-hand corner). Time and motion study analysts could watch the loops for as long as they needed to get an idea of what the range of paces for a certain job could be. The loops were disassembled and spliced together for preservation and viewing purposes.

Subseries 4, Instructional Films, circa 1939-1962, includes Mundel's attempts to educate others about his filming techniques and overall industrial engineering themes. The films teach ways to improve productivity through motion studies, how to make memomotion films, and the College of Technology, Birmingham, England's method of making microscope slides.

Subseries 5, Travel Films, circa 1955-1958, includes films that combine Mundel's love for travel and different cultures with film documentation of Japanese seminars.

Subseries 6, Papers, undated, contains papers directly related to the films. Of importance are the rating sheets which associate different percentages of efficiency to the paces in the film.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into eleven series.

Series 1, Biographical Materials, 1953-1996

Series 2, Writings, 1937-1994

Subseries 1, Books, 1942-1994

Subseries 2, Papers, 1959-1989, undated

Subseries 3, Publications, 1937-1993, undated

Subseries 4, Speeches, undated

Subseries 5, University of Iowa Studies, 1938-1940

Series 3, Industrial Engineering, 1954-1995

Series 4, Work Methods, undated

Series 5, Purdue University, 1951-1957

Series 6, Time and Motion Study, 1952-1984

Subseries 1, Consulting Work, 1954-1966

Subseries 2, Correspondence, 1956-1960

Subseries 3, Course Work, undated

Subseries 4, Equipment, undated

Subseries 5, Film, 1952-1984

Subseries 6, Memberships-Industrial Management Society, 1970-1977

Subseries 7, Research, 1957

Series 7, Government Work, 1952-1971

Subseries 1, General, 1955-1967, undated

Subseries 2, Rock Island Arsenal, 1952-1958

Subseries 3, Consulting, 1959-1971

Subseries 4, Seminars, 1963-1969

Series 8, Japanese Consulting, 1959-1987

Subseries 1, Consulting, 1961-1980

Subseries 2, Correspondence, 1959-1980

Subseries 3, Keio University, 1960-1961

Subseries 4, Memberships, 1959-1987

Subseries 5, Notes, undated

Subseries 6, Photographs, undated

Subseries 7, Scrapbooks, 1960-1965

Subseries 8, Seminars, 1959-1967

Series 9, Asian Productivity Organization, 1973-1994

Subseries 1, Annual Reports, 1973-1994

Subseries 2, Books, 1985-1989

Subseries 3, General, 1976-1995, undated

Subseries 4, Seminars, 1973-1989

Subseries 5, Presentation Album of Jakarta Seminar, 1973

Series 10, DuPont Case Study, 1978-1984

Series 11, Films and Videos, circa 1939-1973

Subseries 1, Rating Films, circa 1939-1973

Subseries 2, Memomotion Films, circa 1948-1959

Subseries 3, Multi-Image Loops, circa 1956-1958

Subseries 4, Instructional Films, circa 1939-1962

Subseries 5, Travel Films, circa 1955-1958

Subseries 6, Papers, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Marvin Everett Mundel, born April 20, 1916, was a major figure in the fields of industrial engineering and time and motion studies. He is known particularly for his consulting work, seminars and teaching, as well as numerous publications based on his expertise in work management and productivity enhancement. He began his engineering career in 1936 with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from New York University (1936), followed by an M.S. and Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering earned in 1938 and 1939, respectively, from the State University of Iowa.

In the late 1930s and 1940s, work measurement studies were considered the state-of-the-art method for improving industrial production. Mundel continued and built upon the achievements of pioneers Frank and Lillian Gilbreth during his teaching career at both Bradley and Purdue Universities. He also conducted seminars at Marquette University Management Center and the University of Wisconsin's Extension Center in Milwaukee. In addition to his American teaching career, Mundel was a visiting professor at both the University of Birmingham in England and Keio University in Tokyo, Japan.

In 1952, Mundel started a consulting firm which aided corporations and governments in either work measurement consulting or, later in his career, industrial engineering consulting. His first clients were United States government agencies that wanted to gain control over lost revenue or manpower. His position from 1952 to 1953 at the Rock Island Arsenal in Illinois, as the first Director of the Army Management Engineering Training Program, transformed management techniques in the Army.

After his employment at Rock Island, Mundel began a series of consultant roles with corporations eager to standardize labor practices and make production more efficient. From 1953 to 1963, Mundel conducted time and motion studies at various manufacturing companies and developed techniques to measure work units. His most important contribution to the field of time and motion study was the development of memomotion, a stop-action filming technique used to determine time standards for work tasks.

Following his refinements of time and motion study, Mundel took his expertise to Japan where he offered his consultant services to various Japanese manufacturing firms during the 1960s. His interests evolved from time and motion studies to include work management and overall management organization consulting. During the 1960s and 1970s, Mundel also returned to government consulting in the United States with these new techniques, in offices such as the Bureau of the Budget and United States Department of Agriculture. This period marked an important evolution in Mundel's career, from time and motion study to work measurement and then to industrial consulting. Mundel was among the first consultants to export American management techniques to Japan, and, in his later career, to other Asian countries. He became an integral part of the Asian Productivity Organization, a group that helped developing Asian countries learn how to increase productivity. His seminars sought to provide corporations and governments with efficient management techniques so that Asia would become a strong economic center. Mundel was sensitive to cultural differences as well as varied methods of management and standards of productivity.

Mundel won the Gilbreth Award in 1982. He continued conducting seminars and writing books and articles well into the 1980s, until failing health prevented him from traveling. When Mundel died in 1996, he was well respected in the field of industrial engineering for his many contributions.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the Archives Center at the National Museum of American History by Marvin Mundel's wife, Takako Mundel, in January, 1999.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Hospitals -- Materials management  Search this
Food processing plants  Search this
Industrial productivity -- measurements  Search this
Industrial films  Search this
Government consultants -- Asia -- Japan  Search this
Government productivity -- Japan  Search this
Machine shops  Search this
Slaughtering and slaughter-houses  Search this
Machinery industry  Search this
Punched card systems -- Machinery  Search this
Steel founding  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Plant layout  Search this
Diesel motor industry  Search this
Meat -- Packing  Search this
Shipbuilding industry  Search this
Meat inspection  Search this
Meat industry and trade  Search this
Pharmaceutical industry  Search this
Materials handling  Search this
Poultry -- Inspection  Search this
Dental offices  Search this
Box making  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
United States Department of Agriculture  Search this
Refuse collection  Search this
Poultry industry  Search this
Shoe industry  Search this
Dental instruments and apparatus  Search this
Methods engineering  Search this
Industrial engineering -- 1930-2000  Search this
Chronophotography  Search this
Drafting table  Search this
Organizational effectiveness  Search this
Industrial management  Search this
Work measurement  Search this
Motion study  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Field notes
Motion photographs
Diagrams
Loop films
Motion pictures (visual works)
Transparencies
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Charts
Citation:
Marvin E. Mundel Industrial Engineering Collection, 1937-1996, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0676
See more items in:
Marvin E. Mundel Industrial Engineering Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0676
Online Media:

Bow-Tying Department at Rust Craft [photoprint]

Collector:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.))  Search this
Collection Collector:
Norcross, Arthur Dickinson, d. 1968  Search this
Extractive Industries, Division of.  Search this
Rust, Fred Winslow, 1877?-1949  Search this
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company (Dedham (Mass.))  Search this
Collection Designer:
Tuck, Raphael, fl. 1880s  Search this
Prang, Louis, fl. 1880-1900  Search this
Chase, Ernest Dudley, fl. 1920s  Search this
Collection Manufacturer:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.))  Search this
Rust Craft Publishers (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (7.3" x 9.5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1946
Scope and Contents:
Room full of women seated at long tables tying ribbons to cards.
Arrangement:
In Series 3b, Box 1, Folder Tour Rustcraft.
Local Numbers:
AC0058-0000031.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Greeting card industry -- 1900-1980  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection
Norcross Greeting Card Collection / Series 3: Rust Craft Card Company Records / 3.2: Background Materials about the Company / Photographs of Rust Craft employees,
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0058-ref2604

Sandford Greeting Card Company and Family Papers

Creator:
MacDowell, Helen Sandford, 1889-  Search this
Pease, L.F.  Search this
Prince, Georgiana K., 1861-1915  Search this
Sandford Greeting Card Company  Search this
Gilman, Georgiana Sandford, 1887-1982  Search this
Sandford, Frank S., 1853-1924  Search this
Sandford, Mary Elizabeth, 1852-1936  Search this
Sandford, Ruth, 1879-1972  Search this
Donor:
Gilman, R. Thompson  Search this
Gilman, R. Thompson  Search this
Names:
American Red Cross  Search this
Women's Christian Temperance Union  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic Feet (37 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cartes-de-visite
Clippings
Travel diaries
Photograph albums
Programs
Advertising
Photographs
Letters (correspondence)
DVDs
Business cards
Trade catalogs
Genealogies
Diaries
Design drawings
Business records
Account books
Calling cards
Cabinet photographs
Daguerreotypes
Memoirs
Place:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Date:
1831-2004
Summary:
Collection documents the business activities of the Sandford Card Company and include the papers of Mary Elizabeth Sandford, founder of the company, and her immediate family.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the business activities of the Sandford Card Company primarily in the early part of the century. It includes product designs and samples; advertising and marketing materials, as well as, correspondence and financial papers. In addition, there are the papers of Mary Elizabeth Sandford, founder of the company, and her immediate family. These materials consist primarily of diaries, photographs, correspondence, family histories and genealogies. The collection is arranged into four series. Series one documents the business activities of the Sandford Card Company. Series two contains the personal papers of Mary Elizabeth Sandford, her husband Frank Sherman Sandford and their children. Series three is the personal papers of Mary Elizabeth Sandford's parents and siblings. Series four is the personal papers of extended family members mostly by marriage.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1: Sandford Card Company Records, 1880-1967; undated

Subseries 1.1: Correspondence, 1909-1936; undated

Subseries 1.2: Financial Records, 1880-1926; undated

Subseries 1.3: Product Designs and Samples, 1911-1941; undated

Subseries 1.4: Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1924-1967; undated

Series 2: Sandford Family Papers, 1831-2003; undated

Subseries 2.1: Frank Sherman Sandford, 1870-1925; undated

Subseries 2.2: Mary Elizabeth Kennedy Sandford, 1868-2003; undated

Subseries 2.3: Ruth Louise Sandford, 1900-1972; undated

Subseries 2.4: John Joseph Sanford, 1900-1987; undated

Subseries 2.5: Georgiana Kennedy Sandford Gilman, 1870-1973; undated

Subseries 2.6: Helen Louise Sandford McDowell, 1899-2000; undated

Subseries 2.7: Family Papers, 1831-1992; undated

Subseries 2.8: Frances Rohe, 1913, 1920; undated

Series 3: Kennedy Family Papers, 1861-2003; undated

Subseries 3.1: James Frank Kennedy, 1861-1920s; undated

Subseries 3.2: Mary Jane Durkee Kennedy, 1867-1882

Subseries 3.3: Lillian Frances Kennedy Pease, 1875-2003

Subseries 3.4: Emma Jane Kennedy, 1877-1883; undated

Subseries 3.5: Georgiana Kennedy Prince, 1878-1915; undated

Subseries 3.6: Family Papers, 1934-1992; undated

Series 4: Other Family Papers, 1840s-2004; undated

Subseries 4.1: Durkee Family, 1864-2004; undated

Subseries 4.2: Gilman Family, 1840s-1902

Subseries 4.3: Gilman Family, 1916-2004; undated

Subseries 4.4: McDowell Family, 1920; undated

Subseries 4.5: Pease Family, 1953-1984; undated
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Elizabeth Kennedy Sandford founded the Sandford Card Company in Dansville, New York in 1907. The Sandford Card Company was intended to provide consumers with a means to send messages to family and friends. These messages contained well thought out verses and images on products other than the typical postcards that were available during this time period. Initially, Mary Elizabeth created four verses with images and had five thousand of each printed by the F. A. Owen Publishing Company. The four samples were sent to two hundred bookstores and drugstores. Sales were later made with distributors and agents in various cities throughout the country. In addition, the company also sold cards to fraternal organizations using their symbols or mottos in the design. Eventually, fraternal organizations became a big part of the company's customer base expanding to more than fifty groups.

The company grew as a mail order business. All card shipments were made directly from Dansville, New York to forty eight states and countries including Canada, Alaska, Cuba, Japan, Guam, Philippines, Hawaii, Panama, and Netherlands, West Indies, England and Scotland. Although the Sandford Card Company started as a greeting card business it eventually offered place cards, calling cards, calendars, program folders, napkins, banquet supplies, gifts and souvenirs to its product line. All printing work was contracted out to lithographic businesses in New York, Boston and Cincinnati. With the death of Mary Elizabeth Sandford and her husband Frank Sherman Sandford the company continued to be operated under the guidance of their daughter Ruth Louise Sandford. In 1948, Ruth Sandford hired John G. Holden as business manager. In 1965, the company moved from Dansville to Baldwinsville, New York under the management of the third generation of the founding family. It continued to operate as a family business until 19?? when it was sold to John G. Holden. The company was later purchased by Rodney Pease the grandson of Mary Elizabeth Sandford's sister Lillian Frances Pease. Pease eventually changed the name of the company and took it in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Lillian Pease Card Company Records (AC1251)
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2011 by R. Thompson Gilman, Executor for the estate of Elizabeth G. Essley.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women-owned business enterprises  Search this
Women -- Political activity  Search this
Women -- Organizations  Search this
Postcards -- 20th century  Search this
Greeting cards -- 20th century  Search this
Greeting card industry  Search this
Family-owned business enterprises  Search this
Women's suffrage -- United States  Search this
Temperance  Search this
Health resorts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Clippings -- 20th century
Travel diaries -- 20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Programs -- 20th century
Advertising -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 19th century
DVDs
Business cards
Trade catalogs -- 20th century
Genealogies
Photographs -- 19th century
Diaries -- 20th century
Design drawings -- 20th century
Business records -- 20th century
Account books -- 20th century
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Calling cards
Cabinet photographs
Diaries -- 19th century
Daguerreotypes
Memoirs
Citation:
Sandford Greeting Card Company and Family Papers, circa 1839-2000; undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1252
See more items in:
Sandford Greeting Card Company and Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1252
Online Media:

Has the Internet Finally Killed the Greeting Card?

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Mon, 13 Jul 2015 14:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_4920eecb574dc594935110383acfe566

The Tenacious Woman Who Helped Keep Mother’s Day Alive

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 08 May 2015 12:30:46 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_ab5c969a6a3ad3dfe3d5e65932ada842

A token of my affection : greeting cards and American business culture / Barry Shank

Author:
Shank, Barry  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 328 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
Topic:
Greeting cards industry--History  Search this
Business etiquette  Search this
Consumption (Economics)  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_744667

Boom in black greeting cards

Author:
Anderson, Keisha  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Greeting card industry  Search this
African American business enterprises  Search this
Call number:
E185.5 .B6238
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_504313

Heritage collection

Physical description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
19uu
Topic:
Greeting card industry--Catalogs--Periodicals  Search this
Greeting cards--Catalogs--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
HD9839.G7 H475
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_506715

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By