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Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection

Topic:
Landscape architecture
Creator:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Sears & Wendell  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Extent:
44.5 Cubic feet (4,317 glass negatives. 363 film negatives. 182 glass lantern slides. 12 photograph albums. 56 plans and drawings. 3 monographs. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Blueprints
Albums
Plans (drawings)
Lantern slides
Date:
1899-1964
Summary:
The Thomas Warren Sears Photograph Collection documents examples of the design work of Thomas Warren Sears (1880-1966), a landscape architect and amateur photographer from Brookline, Massachusetts. Sears, who was based for most of his career in Philadelphia, designed a variety of different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments located primarily in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. In addition to some of Sears' design work, images in the collection document Sears' domestic and foreign travels, design inspirations, and family. The collection includes over 4,800 black and white negatives and glass lantern slides dated circa 1899 to 1930. While most images show private and public gardens, there are a significant number of unidentified views and views photographed in Europe during two trips he took there in 1906 and 1908. Few images are captioned or dated. In addition, there are over 50 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and 3 monographs by or about Sears.
Scope and Contents note:
The Thomas Warren Sears Photograph Collection documents examples of the design work of Thomas Warren Sears (1880-1966), a landscape architect and amateur photographer from Brookline, Massachusetts. Sears, who was based for most of his career in Philadelphia, designed a variety of different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments located primarily in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. In addition to some of Sears' design work, images in the collection document Sears' domestic and foreign travels, design inspirations, and family. The collection includes over 4,800 black and white negatives and glass lantern slides dated circa 1899 to 1930. While most images show private and public gardens, there are a significant number of unidentified views and views photographed in Europe during two trips he took there in 1906 and 1908. Few images are captioned or dated. In addition, there are over 50 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and monographs by or about Sears. Several of the glass lantern slides are duplicates of glass plate negatives in the collection. They apparently were chosen by Sears to illustrate some of his best design work, perhaps for lecture or client purposes.

In addition, there are 56 plans and drawings, most notably for Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland and Reynolda in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. They range in date from 1917 to 1937 and from 1955 to 1964. Sears photographed some of his early plans; they are included in with the photographic images. Sears also photographed a handful of design plans by landscape architect Sibley Coslett Smith who practiced in Providence, Rhode Island; Sears and Smith shared the same business address there.

The Thomas Warren Sears Collection does not fully document the extent of Sears' design work. The use of glass plate negatives—which make up the bulk of the Thomas Warren Sears Collection—as a photography medium waned sometime during the first quarter of the twentieth century. As a result, the images in the Sears Collection capture examples of Sears' early to mid-career design work but they do not include jobs designed by Sears during the latter half of his design career.
Arrangement note:
The glass plate negatives were originally housed in numerous cardboard boxes manufactured for the sale of undeveloped glass plate negatives. Sears annotated the outside of the boxes with project or client names and/or locations, but the contents do not always match these labels. In addition, because very few of the glass plate negatives and lantern slides were labeled or captioned, it is not always evident where one job ended and another began if multiple projects were stored in the same carton. As a result, there are many instances in the Sears Collection where images have been inadvertently mislabeled because their identification is not apparent. Misidentified images are subject to correction as their proper identification is discovered. Each project has been assigned its own unique AAG job number based on its geographic origin. Those groups of images that have not been identified as to their location have been assigned a project number starting with 'SRS.' The collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Photographic images (including glass plate negatives, film negatives, glass lantern slides, and photograph albums) 2) Plans and Drawings 3) Monographs
Biographical/Historical note:
Thomas Warren Sears was born in 1880 in Brookline, Massachusetts. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard University in 1903 and Bachelor of Science degree in landscape architecture from the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard in 1906. Sears was an amateur photographer who won awards for his photography while at Harvard. In 1915 his images were published in the monograph, Parish Churches of England. After graduation he worked for the firm of Olmsted Brothers Landscape Architects for two years and then briefly practiced in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1913, Sears established a landscape design office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he spent the remainder of his professional career. Sears at one point was in a professional partnership; some of his design plans list the firm name of Sears and Wendell. He was made a Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects in 1921.

Sears designed many different types of landscapes ranging from private residences, schools, and playgrounds to parks, cemeteries, and urban housing developments. His designs were primarily located in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New York. Just a few of his private landscapes include Marengo in Easton, Maryland; Sunnybrook, the Isaac H. Clothier, Jr. estate in Radnor, Pennsylvania; and Balmuckety in Pikesville, Maryland. In 1915, Sears started work on Reynolda, a country estate in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. He generated design plans for the property intermittently over the next two decades. Reynolda's formal gardens, greenhouses, and acres of fields and woodlands subsequently became part of Wake Forest University.

During World War I, Sears designed Army camps in Battle Creek, Michigan and Spartanburg, South Carolina. He also helped lay out Langley Field, at that time an experimental aviation field in Hampton Roads, Virginia. In the 1940s, Sears designed the amphitheater at Swarthmore College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania for concerts, outdoor performances, and other special events. During that decade he also worked on Colonial Revival gardens at Pennsbury, William Penn's country estate in Bucks County, Pennsylvania located by the Delaware River. Sears retired in 1964 and died in 1966.
Related Archival Materials note:
The Philadelphia Architects and Buildings Project (PAB), administered by The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, includes references to design projects by Sears.

Harvard University's Loeb Library includes a number of images by Sears, some of them documenting gardens that he designed.

Harvard University's Fine Arts Library, Special Collections includes a collection of photographs and negatives of English parish churches by Sears, c. 1908. Some of the images were published in the monograph, Parish Churches of England.

The Reynolda House Museum of American Art in Winston-Salem, North Carolina includes plans by Sears of Reynolda in its Estate Archives.
Provenance:
Gift of Eleanor Sears Tibbetts, Sears' daughter, to the Horticulture Services Division (later Smithsonian Gardens) in 1992.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
Landscape architects  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- Switzerland  Search this
Gardens -- Scotland  Search this
Gardens -- Italy  Search this
Gardens -- Germany  Search this
Gardens -- France  Search this
Gardens -- England  Search this
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Blueprints
Albums
Plans (drawings)
Lantern slides
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-srs
Online Media:

Explore Smithsonian: How Can a Greenhouse Use Technology to Meet the Needs of Plants?

Creator:
Smithsonian Science Education Center  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2016-06-07T20:09:13Z
Topic:
Education;Science  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianScienceEdCenter
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianScienceEdCenter
Data Source:
Smithsonian Science Education Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_gLi4RsZesEs

Making Sense Of Climate Change 1: The History and Physical Science of Global Warming

Creator:
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2017-02-11T00:38:28Z
Topic:
Animal health;Environmental Sciences;Coastal ecology  Search this
Youtube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianSERC
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianSERC
Data Source:
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_KeaMiMjvYrw

Living Earth Festival 2018: Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-07-29T21:17:21Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_dugq-2XvQr8

Eastern Bluebird Habitat Trail

Creator:
Smithsonian Gardens  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2013-05-21T14:52:49Z
Topic:
Gardens  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianGardens
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianGardens
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_6VfpuqkkwNA

Smithsonian Gardens, Greenhouse Tour

Creator:
Smithsonian Gardens  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2020-06-10T09:51:38Z
Topic:
Gardens  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianGardens
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianGardens
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_HB4-mRLQdBo

This Drone Made the First Home Delivery in the United States

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 04 Aug 2020 16:06:33 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_d187364c470aab4ef67f81e83dd7b273

Incilius nebulifer

Expedition:
Lower Rio Grande Valley Wildlife Refuge Survey  Search this
Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, Santa Ana Tract, Hidalgo, Texas, United States, North America
Collection Date:
9 May 1985
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae
Published Name:
Incilius nebulifer
Bufo nebulifer
Accession Number:
388567
Other Numbers:
Field Number : RWM 18222
USNM Number:
299645
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30f19b465-f101-4f3f-818d-1b07e10ac47f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6154631

Aspidoscelis gularis

Expedition:
Lower Rio Grande Valley Wildlife Refuge Survey  Search this
Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, Santa Ana Tract, Hidalgo, Texas, United States, North America
Collection Date:
9 May 1985
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Reptilia, Squamata, Sauria, Teiidae
Published Name:
Aspidoscelis gularis
Cnemidophorus gularis
Accession Number:
388567
Other Numbers:
Field Number : RWM 18221
USNM Number:
299648
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3fa72f004-404d-4d4c-9476-063758c4c0f4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6154634

Plestiodon tetragrammus

Expedition:
Lower Rio Grande Valley Wildlife Refuge Survey  Search this
Preparation:
Ethanol
Place:
Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, Santa Ana Tract, Hidalgo, Texas, United States, North America
Collection Date:
9 May 1985
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Reptilia, Squamata, Sauria, Scincidae
Published Name:
Plestiodon tetragrammus
Eumeces tetragrammus
Accession Number:
388567
Other Numbers:
Field Number : RWM 18220
USNM Number:
299647
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Amphibians & Reptiles
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Herpetology Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ed036900-55f1-4e29-b0da-327783195265
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_6154633

John Smith, Helen and Christine Peto in the Greenhouse (unfocused)

Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1900
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7096
See more items in:
John Frederick Peto and Peto family papers, 1850-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7096

John Smith, Helen Peto and Christine Peto in the greenhouse

Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1900
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7107
See more items in:
John Frederick Peto and Peto family papers, 1850-1983
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7107

Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk bulk 1913-1974

Creator:
Jacques Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Subject:
Hauke, Cesar M. de (Cesar Mange)  Search this
Glaenzer, Eugene  Search this
Haardt, Georges  Search this
Seligman, Germain  Search this
Seligmann, Arnold  Search this
Parker, Theresa D.  Search this
Waegen, Rolf Hans  Search this
Trevor, Clyfford  Search this
Seligmann, René  Search this
Seligmann, Jacques  Search this
De Hauke & Co., Inc.  Search this
MM. Jacques Seligmann & fils  Search this
Eugene Glaenzer & Co.  Search this
Germain Seligmann & Co.  Search this
Gersel  Search this
Type:
Gallery records
Topic:
Mackay, Clarence Hungerford, 1874-1938 -- Art collections  Search this
Schiff, Mortimer L. -- Art collections  Search this
Arenberg, duc d' -- Art collections  Search this
Liechtenstein, House of -- Art collections  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- France -- Paris  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Art and the war  Search this
Art dealers -- France -- Paris  Search this
La Fresnaye, Roger de, 1885-1925  Search this
Art, Renaissance  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Art treasures in war  Search this
Art, European  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- France -- Paris  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9936
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212486
AAA_collcode_jacqself
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212486
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 1
  • View Jacques Seligmann & Co. records, 1904-1978, bulk bulk 1913-1974 digital asset number 2
Online Media:

Photographs relating to Diego Rivera's fresco "Nightmare of War, Dream of Peace,", 1952

Creator:
Greenhouse, Wendy, 1955-  Search this
Subject:
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Topic:
Hispanic American art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11123
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)247190
AAA_collcode_greewend
Theme:
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Latino and Latin American
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_247190

Miami -- Vizcaya

Former owner:
Deering, James, 1859-1925)  Search this
Architect:
Hoffman, Francis Burrell, 1882-1980)  Search this
Landscape architect:
Suarez, Diego, 1888-1974  Search this
Sculptor:
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
5 slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Vizcaya estate (Florida)
United States of America -- Florida -- Miami-Dade County -- Miami
Date:
circa 1930-1950
General:
The Vizcaya gardens span over ten acres surrounding the former winter home of the wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts, James Deering (1859-1925). The Vizcaya estate, located in the Coconut Grove area of Miami, was conceived of by Deering and artist and designer Paul Chalfin (1874-1959). Together they traveled extensively through Europe, particularly Italy, to inspire the design for Deering's South Florida retreat. Vizcaya which means "an elevated place" in Basque, was built in the years 1914 to 1916, and transformed a jungle tract of land into one of the most celebrated houses on the Eastern Seaboard. Diego Suarez (1888-1974), a Columbia-born landscape architect trained in Florence, Italy, was commissioned to create a modern, subtropical interpretation of classical, European Renaissance and Baroque landscape design suited to Miami's climate and terrain. Suarez' extensive knowledge of Italian gardens was combined with a consciousness of architectural design to create a setting for the house.

The garden scheme was divided into various terraces and areas, including a completely walled secret garden, a maze garden, theater garden, pergola garden, and the fountain garden, which features a fountain from the town square of Sutri, Italy. Plants were chosen for their ability to withstand south Florida's climate and pests and combined with native soil and plant materials in designs inspired by gardens seen by Deering and Chalfin on their tours of Italy and France. Varieties of bougainvillea, roses, water lilies, and jasmine were among the flowers found throughout the gardens, along with potted pines and podocarpus, some carefully trimmed in the art of topiary. The gardens were trimmed with hedges and trees and feature decorative walls, balustrades, urns, and sculpture. The areas were supplied with water through designed elements meant to compliment the garden such as pools, cascades, a frescoed grotto pool, fountains, and a system of canals, which invokes scenes on the waterways of Venice.

Unique among country estates, the gardens of Vizcaya integrated statues, busts, vases and urns that ranged from antiquity to the Renaissance and Baroque periods, as well as modern art from Deering's time into the lush vegetation. As the artistic advisor of the property, Paul Chalfin, acquired artifacts as decoration rather than to create a collection. Garden artworks ranged from antique elements to new sculptural decorations by contemporary artists. The gardens also featured several structures including a Baroque casino (garden house), decorative bridges, a large boathouse with a rooftop garden, and a domed garden house called the Casba. The most celebrated outdoor feature was the Barge by artist Alexander Stirling Calder (1870–1945), located in the water in front of the house. In addition to the house and gardens, the grounds also housed a swimming pool and tennis courts. Over two-thirds of the estate, originally 180 acres of subtropical forest along the shores of Biscayne Bay, remains in its natural state. The untouched hammock, shoreline, and pineland serves as a background for the more formal main gardens and along the drive up to the house. The Vizcaya property was surrounded by a wall with decorative paintings on stone and wrought-iron grills.

The house was designed to take advantage of its location on west shore of Biscayne Bay and each side of the house had a unique relationship with the surrounding grounds with loggias, terraces, arcades, and a partially enclosed swimming pool and, from some rooms, views of the gardens and bay. Architect F. Burrell Hoffman Jr. (1884-1980) was commissioned to design the house in the manner of an Italian Renaissance-style villa. Hoffman adapted traditional Mediterranean architectural elements to the subtropical climate in the palatial 70-room mansion. The beautifully planned interior was designed around an airy garden courtyard with a peripheral gallery, originally open to the sky, that was the heart and primary living space of the home. The house embraced modern conveniences and employed the latest technology of the period with an automated telephone switch board, a central vacuum-cleaning system, central heating, several elevators, generators and a water filtration system. The house also included a billiard room, bowling alley, and smoking room. The interiors were designed by the artistic advisor Paul Chalfin around objects acquired on Deering's travels in period rooms ranging in style from the Renaissance through the Neoclassical. The villa housed entire ceilings, mural paintings, chimney pieces, carved paneling, and doorways removed from foreign palaces along with rare rugs, tapestries, and antique furnishings. A working farm called the "Village" with eleven outbuildings was also located on the estate. These buildings were designed to look like an Italian village by Hoffman to compliment the architecture of the house. The Village included barns, stables, chicken houses, mechanical shops, housing for the staff, and the gate lodge making it nearly self-sufficient. A pumphouse provided water for the flower and vegetable gardens, groves for citrus, pineapple, and other fruits, greenhouses, and a large shade house for delicate plants grown at the Village to supply the mansion.

The estate, mansion, and its interiors were celebrated in magazines of the time. Deering occupied the house for four months each winter season beginning at Christmas in 1916.The whole complex was created for entertaining and recreation and Deering frequently invited family, visitors, and houseguests to the enjoy his estate. After Deering's death in 1925, the estate passed to his brother's children. Some of the acreage was sold off, and in 1952 Dade County purchased the remaining land and house. With donations of art and furniture from the family, the Vizcaya estate, became a decorative arts museum operated by Dade County Park and Recreation Department. The property, including the house, gardens, hammock forest, and Vizcaya Village, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994.

Other notable artists who contributed to the house and grounds were: Alexander Stirling Calder (1870-1945), Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935), Robert Chanler (1872-1930), Charles Gary Rumsey (1879-1922), Ettore Pellagatta (1881-1966), Paul Thevenez (1891-1921), and Samuel Yellin (1885-1940).

Persons associated include: James Deering (former owner), F. Burrall Hoffman, Jr. (architect), Paul Chalfin (architect of interiors), Diego Suarez (landscape architect, and Alexander Stirling Calder (sculptor), and Metro Dade County Park & Recreation Department (owner).
Varying Form:
Also known as Villa Vizcaya, Vizcaya Palace and Vizcaya Museum and Gardens.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Florida -- Miami  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File FL083
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Florida
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1329

Morris Henry Hobbs papers

Creator:
Hobbs, Morris Henry, 1892-1967  Search this
Names:
Bromeliad Society  Search this
Chicago Society of Etchers  Search this
Louisiana Society of Etchers  Search this
New Orleans Art League  Search this
Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953  Search this
Jacques, Bertha  Search this
Smith, Lyman B.  Search this
Extent:
4.7 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Architectural drawings
Prints
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Date:
circa 1901-2014
Summary:
The papers of etcher Morris Henry Hobbs measure 4.7 linear feet and date from circa 1901-2014. His career as an artist in Chicago and New Orleans is documented through biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional files, printed material, photographs, artwork, and four sketchbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of etcher Morris Henry Hobbs measure 4.7 linear feet and date from circa 1901-2014. His career as an artist in Chicago and New Orleans is documented through biographical material, correspondence, writings, professional files, printed material, photographs, artwork, and four sketchbooks.

Biographical material includes chronologies, biographical statements, and documentation on his home and studio. Correspondence includes letters to friends and family regarding art, travel, and botany. Of note are letters from the etchers John Taylor Arms and Bertha Jaques and botanist Lyman Smith. Writings consist of Hobbs' diary kept during World War I while serving in the U.S. Army, journal pages documenting his move to New Orleans, and garden notebooks. Professional files include documents relating to Hobbs' memberships and activities in the Bromeliad Society, Chicago Society of Etchers, Louisiana Society of Etchers, New Orleans Art League, and other organizations. Also included are exhibition records, price lists, and sales records.

Printed material includes clippings and exhibition announcements documenting his career as well as published versions of his etchings. Photographs and slides are of Hobbs, family and friends, trips abroad, and his properties in New Orleans and Mandeville, Louisiana. Artwork includes architectural renderings, sketches of Chicago, France, and New Orleans, and an annotated scrapbook containing original etchings. Four sketchbooks include figure drawings and landscapes in pencil and ink.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1918-2014 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1921-1993 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 1 and 5)

Series 3: Writings, 1918-2014 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)

Series 4: Professional Files, 1922-2014 (1.0 linear foot; Boxes 2-3)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1929-2014 (0.6 linear feet; Box 3)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1901-1991 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1919-1950s (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 4-5)

Series 8: Sketchbooks, 1930s-1950s (0.2 linear feet; Box 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Morris Henry Hobbs (1892-1967) was an etcher in Chicago and New Orleans. Hobbs was born in Rockford, Illinois, and raised in Chicago. As a teenager he took classes at the Art Institute of Chicago and at the age of 17 was hired as a draftsman at an architectural firm. From 1918-1919, he served in France with the Allied Expeditionary Force. While there he contracted influenza which resulted in the loss of his hearing. After the war he lived in Toledo, Ohio, with his wife and two daughters and worked at an architectural firm. He also learned printmaking techniques from etcher J. Ernest Dean and began exhibiting his work. In 1927, he returned to Chicago with his family and in 1930 became director of the Chicago Society of Etchers. During his career he was active in many arts and printmaking organizations.

In 1938, Hobbs traveled to New Orleans for an extended visit, opened a studio space, and began a ten-year project of etching French Quarter scenes. A year later he moved to New Orleans permanently and became the first president of the Louisiana Society of Etchers. In 1942, he married Alice "Judy" Seddon. In 1948, he was hired as a designer for the architectural firm Favrot, Reed, Mathes and Bergman, and was employed there until his death. Also at this time, he and his wife establish a country home in Mandeville, Louisiana, where he built a greenhouse and cultivated tropical bromeliads. They kept an apartment in the French Quarter as a weekday residence.

In 1960, Hobbs began a series of watercolors depicting bromeliads and in the subsequent years traveled to Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Trinidad to collect specimens for a potential book project. He died in 1967 at the age of 75 and that year the Reinike Gallery held a retrospective of his work. His wife Alice Seddon Hobbs died in 1993 at the age of 95.
Provenance:
Donated in 2014 by Reed Isbell-Hobbs, widow of Morris Henry Hobbs' son William Hobbs.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Morris Henry Hobbs papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Etchers -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Etchers -- Louisiana -- New Orleans  Search this
Topic:
Gardening  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Architectural drawings
Prints
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Morris Henry Hobbs papers, circa 1901-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.hobbmorr
See more items in:
Morris Henry Hobbs papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hobbmorr

Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin.

Biogeographical Region:
74 - North-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Albert F. Dodge  Search this
Place:
Plant Intr. Station, Ames. Grown in greenhouse., Iowa, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1955
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Cyperales Poaceae Pooideae
Published Name:
Phalaris angusta Nees ex Trin.
Barcode:
04013848
USNM Number:
3100948
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a720b78a-aa8e-4ef1-a351-9aae524b2d3a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15791921

Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv.

Biogeographical Region:
74 - North-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
-- Dodge  Search this
Place:
NCRPIS Greenhouse., Iowa, United States, North America
Collection Date:
Transcribed d/m/y: 6/7/59
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Cyperales Poaceae Pooideae
Published Name:
Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv.
Barcode:
04003983
USNM Number:
2304327
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/338e8e94f-b4df-4dd1-af18-a82688badecd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15737497

Alisma subcordatum Raf.

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Kristen M. Van Neste  Search this
Sarah E. Gabler  Search this
Dr. Vicki A. Funk  Search this
Rod Simmons  Search this
Min. Elevation:
Search this
Place:
Daingerfield Island Marina along the abandoned greenhouse and marshy field, Alexandria, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1 Jul 2015
Common name:
American water plantain
Southern Water Plantain
water-plantain
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Alismatales Alismataceae
Published Name:
Alisma subcordatum Raf.
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
GGI Gardens Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3701a3a72-7ec9-48d1-86af-9d79dec27c4d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14881448

Verbena urticifolia L.

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Kristen M. Van Neste  Search this
Sarah E. Gabler  Search this
Dr. Vicki A. Funk  Search this
Rod Simmons  Search this
Min. Elevation:
Search this
Place:
Daingerfield Island Marina along the abandoned greenhouse and marshy field, Alexandria, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1 Jul 2015
Common name:
white vervain
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Lamiales Verbenaceae
Published Name:
Verbena urticifolia L.
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
GGI Gardens Project
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36d7b1214-289f-4288-bcd4-bef60f235c5e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14881457

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