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Architectural League of New York records

Creator:
Architectural League of New York  Search this
Names:
American Institute of Architects  Search this
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Extent:
114.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Annual reports
Photographs
Minutes
Lantern slides
Date:
1880s-1974
Summary:
The records of the Architectural League of New York measure 114.9 linear feet and date from 1880s-1974 (bulk 1927-1968). The League's mission "to advance the art of architecture" is documented through administrative and business records, committee records and officers' files, exhibition files, records of functions and events, correspondence, publicity files, photographs, lantern slides, and 16 scrapbooks.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Architectural League of New York measure 114.9 linear feet and date from 1880s-1974 (bulk 1927-1968). The League's mission "to advance the art of architecture" is documented through administrative and business records, committee records and officers' files, exhibition files, records of functions and events, correspondence, publicity files, photographs, lantern slides, and scrapbooks.

League records prior to 1927 are limited in the collection and are mostly found among Administrative Files. The administrative files include a nearly complete collection of annual reports from 1889-1932 and various meetings minutes from 1889 through the mid-20th century. Also found is a history of the League written by founding member Cass Gilbert, documentation of the changes of the League Constitution and By-Laws during the first half of the 20th century, and other administrative records.

Over a third of the collection are records from committees, including voluminous records of the Executive Committee, Current Work Committee, House Committee, Finance Committee, Membership Committee, and Scholarships and Special Awards Committee. In addition, there are scattered records for minor committees. Materials include correspondence, meeting minutes, election ballots, financial records, membership records, documents related to awarding scholarships and awards, and other administrative and organizational committee records. Found is the original 1889 agreement between the Architectural League, the Art Students League, and the Society of American Artists to build the American Fine Arts Society building. Throughout the collection, but especially in the Membership Committee subseries, the records provide a glimpse into the struggles the League faced during the Depression through World War II to maintain dues-paying members.

Officers' Files includes collated records of the League Executive Secretary and Secretary, as well as correspondence of the League President and Treasurer. Materials found here are not comprehensive; similar materials can be found throughout the collection.

Financial records such as bank statements, correspondence, and ledgers; insurance correspondence and policies; and legal correspondence, are found in the Business Records series. This series does not include records prior to 1926.

Exhibition files provide detailed documentation of the exhibitions sponsored by, or held at, the League primarily from the 1930s to the early 1970s. Records related to the League Annual Exhibition, the National Gold Medal Exhibitions, and the 1939 World's Fair in New York are found here, as well as exhibition files arranged chronologically by exhibition date and miscellaneous administrative files. Materials include administrative files, applications, correspondence, printed materials, publicity files, and other records related to organizing and managing exhibitions. The files of the Exhibition Committee are also found here.

Other series which document activities held by, or held at, the League include Functions and Events series and Publicity Files series. Found is correspondence, printed materials, press releases, schedules, and other administrative documents created in organizing events such as dinners, lectures, receptions, balls, and outings. The Records of Other Organizations includes records relating to organizations that had business with the League, often regarding events, meetings, and exhibitions held at the League. Represented here are some records of the American Institute of Architects (A.I.A.) and the National Sculpture Society (N.S.S.).

Correspondence includes miscellaneous correspondence arranged alphabetically by subject or name, and collated correspondence arranged chronologically. Most of the chronological correspondence appears to be Secretaries' files. The materials in the Miscellaneous series seem to have been separated from their original files, or were never filed properly. Therefore, materials and contents are similar to those found in other series, such as correspondence, administrative records, some financial records, and handwritten notes.

Black and white photographs, a handful of colored photographs, nearly 350 lantern slides, and negatives of exhibitions, buildings, events, and portraits are found in the Photographic Materials series.

Sixteen scrapbooks include eight scrapbooks of clippings from 1880s-1960s, and seven scrapbooks of notices and printed materials from 1925-1930. Also found is a scrapbook of signatures of event attendees, a clippings scrapbook compiled by Hamilton M. Wright, and a scrapbook of the Archeological Institute of America.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 12 series:

Series 1: Administrative Files, 1889-1969 (Boxes 1-10, OV 116; 9.7 linear feet)

Series 2: Committee Records, 1887-1974 (Boxes 10-54, 110, 114, OV 116; 44.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Officers' Files, 1900, 1923-1970 (Boxes 54-58; 3.9 linear feet)

Series 4: Business Records, circa 1926-1972 (Boxes 58-62, BVs 129-144; 7.35 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibitions, 1887-1972, bulk 1930s-1960s (Boxes 62-83, 111, OVs 117-119; 21.85 linear feet)

Series 6: Functions and Events, 1909, 1931-1973 (Boxes 84-93, OV 120; 9.35 linear feet)

Series 7: Publicity Files, 1922-1972 (Boxes 93-95, 111; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Records Relating to Organizations, 1908-1968, bulk 1930s-1960s (Boxes 95-101; 6.1 linear feet)

Series 9: Correspondence, 1929-1970 (Boxes 101-103, OV 120; 1.85 linear feet)

Series 10: Miscellaneous, circa 1936-1968 (Boxes 103-104; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 11: Photographic Materials, 1896-1960s (Boxes 105-108, 112, OVs 121-128; 4.3 linear feet)

Series 12: Scrapbooks, 1880s-1960s (Boxes 108-109, 113-115, BVs 145-148; 2.2 linear feet)

There are frequently similar and related materials in multiple series, as is indicated in the series' descriptions. The records may originally have been arranged by file owner (committees, secretary, etc.), then by League season (roughly May - April). Most series include a handful of folders in which the original folder title indicates the file owner and League season (i.e. Secretary 1938-1939).
Historical Note:
Modeling the organization's name after the Art Students League of New York, the Architectural League of New York was founded in New York City in 1881 by a group of architects who wished to gather and discuss architecture and its relationship to the arts. The group elected D.W. Willard as the first President of the League and they began gathering regularly to discuss and critique each other's sketches and hold competitions. The organization grew quickly and soon the League rented a room in a building on 14th Street between University Place and Fifth Avenue.

However, by the mid-1880s the founders and more active League members left New York, and membership began to falter. The League was reorganized in 1886, expanding membership beyond professional architects, and incorporated in 1888 with 166 members. In 1889, the League joined with the Art Students League of New York and the Society of American Artists to form the American Fine Arts Society. Thus, in 1892 the three organizations were able to erect a building at 215 West 57th Street where the League remained until 1927 when it moved to 115 East 40th Street.

The League was run by the Executive Committee and its officers, elected every two years. The beginning of each League season kicked off with an annual dinner in the spring. The League also formed numerous committees to organize activities and manage administrative tasks. Noteworthy committees include the Current Work Committee, House Committee, Finance Committee, Exhibition Committee, Membership Committee, and Scholarships and Special Awards Committee.

The League's interdisciplinary approach to architecture and the arts was expressed through sponsored forums and discussions with architects and artists. From the League's beginning, the Current Work Committee was established to organize educational forums for members. Recognition of achievement was awarded by an Annual Exhibition from the late 1880s until 1938. In 1950, the League began awarding the annual National Gold Medal Exhibition in various fields, including landscape architecture, engineering, and sculpture. Additionally, the League awarded numerous other scholarships each year. Architects, artists, and arts-related organizations could also rent space in the League building to hold meetings, discussions, and exhibitions.

The League admitted its first female member in 1934. Notable members of the League included Arnold W. Brunner (President, 1903-1905), Cass Gilbert (President, 1913-1915), Philip Johnson, Robert A.M. Stern, and Russell Sturgis (President, 1889-1893).

The Architectural League of New York continues to provide educational opportunities and scholarships to students and professionals.

Background information was gathered from a written history of the League by Cass Gilbert found in this collection and the Architectural League of New York website (http://archleague.org/category/archive/history-archive/).
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are several collections that contain Architectural League of New York records. The American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993, include a significant amount of League records related to national awards programs and lantern slides from the "New Horizons in America" lecture series.
Provenance:
The Architectural League of New York records were donated in several installments from 1967-1980 by the Architectural League of New York.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Annual reports
Photographs
Minutes
Lantern slides
Citation:
Architectural League of New York records, 1880s-1974, bulk 1927-1968. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.archleag
See more items in:
Architectural League of New York records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-archleag
Online Media:

New Haven, Connecticut: City Improvement Committee/Plan To Accompany Report On Reservations, Parks, and Parkways.

Photographer:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Creator:
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Sears & Wendell  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Collection Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Extent:
5 Glass negatives (black-and-white, 10 x 8 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Maps
Place:
Connecticut -- New Haven
United States of America -- Connecticut -- New Haven County -- New Haven
Date:
1908 Nov.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- New Haven  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS, Item CT079001
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection / Series 1: Photographic Images / United States / Connecticut / CT079: New Haven -- Maps of New Haven
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-srs-ref4288
Online Media:

New Haven, Connecticut: Map Showing Areas In Which Are Needed More Small Parks For Local Purposes.

Photographer:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Creator:
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Sears & Wendell  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Collection Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Extent:
3 Glass negatives (black-and-white, 8 X 10 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Maps
Place:
Connecticut -- New Haven
United States of America -- Connecticut -- New Haven County -- New Haven
Date:
1908 Nov.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Connecticut -- New Haven  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS, Item CT079002
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection / Series 1: Photographic Images / United States / Connecticut / CT079: New Haven -- Maps of New Haven
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-srs-ref4289
Online Media:

New Haven -- Maps of New Haven

Landscape architect:
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Creator:
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Collection Creator:
Sears, Thomas Warren, 1880-1966  Search this
Sears & Wendell  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Harvard University  Search this
American Society of Landscape Architects  Search this
Collection Donor:
Tibbetts, Eleanor Sears  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Related Materials:
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 03352, Commission on Improvement of the City.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection.
Identifier:
AAG.SRS, File CT079
See more items in:
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection
Thomas Warren Sears photograph collection / Series 1: Photographic Images / United States / Connecticut
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-srs-ref475

Interviews of artists and architects associated with the National Academy of Design

Interviewer:
Lockman, DeWitt McClellan, 1870-1957  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Harding, Chester, 1792-1866  Search this
Jewett, William S. (Smith), 1812-1873  Search this
Loeb, Louis, 1866-1909  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Interviewee:
Abbey, Mary Gertrude, d. 1931  Search this
Adams, Wayman, 1883-1959  Search this
Aitken, Robert, 1878-1949  Search this
Albert, Ernest, 1857-1946  Search this
Beal, Reynolds, 1866-1951  Search this
Bell, Edward August, 1862-1953  Search this
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 1848-1936  Search this
Brown, Roy H., 1879-1956  Search this
Browne, George Elmer, 1871-1946  Search this
Brunner, Arnold W. (Arnold William), 1857-1925  Search this
Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945  Search this
Chapman, Carlton T. (Carlton Theodore), 1860-1925  Search this
Clinedinst, B. West (Benjamin West), 1860-1931  Search this
Cole, Alphaeus Philemon, 1876-1988  Search this
Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931  Search this
Couse, E. Irving (Eanger Irving), 1866-1936  Search this
Crane, Bruce, 1857-1937  Search this
Curran, Charles C. (Charles Courtney), 1861-1942  Search this
De Haven, Franklin, 1856-1934  Search this
Derrick, William Rowell, 1857-1941  Search this
Dessar, Louis Paul, 1867-1952  Search this
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 1851-1938  Search this
Dielman, Frederick, 1847-1935  Search this
Dufner, Edward, 1872-1957  Search this
Dunsmore, John Ward, 1856-1945  Search this
Flagg, Jared B. (Jared Bradley), 1820-1899  Search this
Flannagan, John Bernard, 1895?-1942  Search this
Franzen, August, 1863-1938  Search this
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931  Search this
Fry, Sherry Edmundson, 1879-  Search this
Gay, Edward, 1837-1928  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Granville-Smith, Walter, 1870-1938  Search this
Hassam, Childe, 1859-1935  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930  Search this
Howe, William Henry, 1846-1929  Search this
Hubbell, Henry Salem, 1870-1938  Search this
Hyde, William H. (William Henry), 1858-1943  Search this
Jones, Francis Coates, 1857-1932  Search this
Kieth, Dora Wheeler  Search this
Kline, William Fair, 1870-1931  Search this
Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940  Search this
Low, Will Hicok, 1853-1932  Search this
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
MacNeil, Hermon Atkins, 1866-1947  Search this
McCartan, Edward, 1879-1947  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Mora, F. Luis (Francis Luis), 1874-1940  Search this
Mowbray, H. Siddons (Harry Siddons), 1858-1928  Search this
Neilson, Raymond P. R. (Raymond Perry Rodgers), 1881-1964  Search this
Newell, G. Glenn (George Glenn), 1870-1947  Search this
Nisbet, Robert H., 1879-1961  Search this
Olinsky, Ivan G. (Ivan Gregorewitch), 1878-1962  Search this
Paddock, Willard Dryden, 1873-1956  Search this
Palmer, Walter Launt, 1854-1932  Search this
Parton, Arthur, 1842-1914  Search this
Paxton, William McGregor, 1869-1941  Search this
Peixotto, Ernest, b. 1869  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Potthast, Edward, 1857-1927  Search this
Prellwitz, Henry, 1865-1940  Search this
Ritschel, William, 1864-1949  Search this
Rittenberg, Henry R., b. 1879  Search this
Roth, Frederick George Richard, 1872-1944  Search this
Rungius, Carl, 1869-1959  Search this
Sartain, Emily, 1841-1927  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Snell, Henry B. (Henry Bayley), 1858-1943  Search this
Spencer, Robert, 1879-1931  Search this
Swartwout, R. E. (Robert Egerton)  Search this
Volk, Douglas , 1856-1935  Search this
Vonnoh, Bessie Potter, 1872-1955  Search this
Vonnoh, Robert William, 1858-1933  Search this
Walker, Horatio, 1858-1938  Search this
Watrous, Harry W. (Harry Willson), 1857-1940  Search this
Weinman, Adolph A. (Adolph Alexander), 1870-1952  Search this
Weldon, Charles D., 1855-1935  Search this
Whittemore, William J., 1860-1955  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Williams, Frederick Ballard, 1871-1956  Search this
Yates, Cullen, 1866-1945  Search this
Extent:
3 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1926-1927
Scope and Contents:
Transcripts and handwritten drafts of interviews of 86 artists and architects associated with the National Academy of Design, conducted by Lockman. Also included are a few biographical sketches.
Interviewees include: Mrs. Edwin Austin Abbey, Wayman Adams, Robert I. Aiken, Ernest Albert, Alonzo R. Beal, Edward A. Bell, Edwin H. Blashfield, Roy H. Brown, George E. Browne, Arnold Brunner, Alexander S. Calder, Carleton T. Chapman, Benjamin West Clinedinst, Alphaeus Cole, Timothy Cole, Irving E. Couse, Robert B. Crane, Charles C. Curran, B. Franklin De Haven, William R. Derrick, Louis P. Dessar, Thomas W. Dewing, Frederick I. Dielman, Edward Dufner, John W. Dunsmore, Jared B. Flagg, John G. Flanagan, August R. Franzen, Daniel C. French, Sherry E. Fry, Edward Gay, Cass Gilbert, Walter Granville-Smith, Chester Harding, Childe Hassam, Charles W. Hawthorne, William H. Howe, Henry S. Hubbell, William H. Hyde, William S. Jewett, Francis C. Jones, Dora Wheeler Kieth, William Fair Kline, Jonas Lie, Louis Loeb, Will H. Low, Edward McCartan, Frederick MacMonnies, Herman A. MacNeil, Gari Melchers, Francis Luis Mora, H. Siddons Mowbray, Raymond P. R. Neilson, George G. Newell,Robert H. Nisbet,
Ivan G. Olinsky, Willard Dryden Paddock, Walter L. Palmer, Arthur Parton, William McGregor Paxton, Ernest C. Peixotto, Joseph Pennell, Edward H. Potthast, Henry Prellwitz, Wilhelm F. Ritschel, Henry Rittenberg, Frederick Roth, Carl Rungius, Emily Sartain, John Sartain, William Sartain, Henry B. Snell, Robert Spencer, Egerton Swartwout, Douglas Volk, Bessie & Robert Vonnoh, Horatio Walker, Harry Watrous, Adolph Weinman, Charles D. Weldon, William Whittemore, Irving Wiles, Frederick B. Williams, and Cullen Yates.
Biographical / Historical:
DeWitt Lockman was a portrait painter, New York, N.Y. He studied in Europe, 1891-1892 and 1901-1902; a pupil of James H. Beard, Nelson N. Bickford and William Sartain; and was president of the National Academy of Design and records secretary of the New York Historical Society.
Provenance:
Lent 1973 by the New York Historical Society.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Architects -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.lockdewi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lockdewi

Cass Gilbert Collection

Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Names:
New York Life Insurance Building.  Search this
Seaside Sanatorium (Waterford, Conn)  Search this
Supreme Court Building (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Woolworth Building (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
15 Cubic feet (71 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Business records
Clippings
Contracts
Personal papers
Photographs
Pastels (visual works)
Pencil works
Pamphlets
Booklets
Specifications
Correspondence
Statistics
Sketchbooks
Date:
1897-1963
bulk 1897-1936
Scope and Contents:
The contents of the collection date from 1897 to 1936. The bulk of the collection consists of loose-leaf binders of photo prints of forty-one Cass Gilbert buildings under construction between 1908 and 1936. (This represents less than half of his firm's total output.) The volumes are arranged alphabetically by name of building. A few additional photo prints of buildings under construction are found in the unbound materials.

The collection also includes correspondence (1919-1932), contracts, statistical data, news clippings, booklets, and other miscellaneous Gilbert papers. There are three volumes of correspondence, specifications and blueprints, 1932-1935, for the construction of the U.S. Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. Also included are twenty pencil and pastel sketch books of Gilbert's travels in Europe, 1897 to 1932, and miscellaneous loose sketches (including photo prints and negatives of his studies for the George Washington Bridge. The photographic prints are mostly mounted on cloth in loose-leaf binders. Some of the photographers are identified, although many are not. Photographers included P.O. Valentine of 33 Homestead Park, Newark, New Jersey.
Arrangement:
Collection arranged into six series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1919-1932

Series 2: Personal Papers, 1914-1963

Series 3: New York Life Insurance Building Contracts, 1934-1935

Series 4: Woolworth Building, 1911-1913

Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books, 1897-1932

Series 6: Photoprints, 1908-1936
Biographical / Historical:
Cass Gilbert, 1859-1934, was a prominent American architect best known for his commercial and public buildings. Gilbert was born in Zanesville, Ohio and educated in St. Paul, Minnesota. After only a year of study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and subsequent travels in Europe, he began working for the New York firm of McKim, Mead, and White in 1880. In 1883 he returned to St. Paul where he practised briefly with James Knox Taylor, a classmate at M.I.T., designing private homes, churches, and commercial buildings. His first major commission was the Minnesota State Capitol (1895), which he modeled after the National Capitol and the dome of St. Peter's, Rome. Gilbert returned to New York in 1899 when he won the prized commission for the design of the U.S. Customs House. This was followed by many other major projects. The most famous of these was the Woolworth Building in New York (1913); with its fifty‑five stories and Gothic ornament it is considered Gilbert's greatest achievement. Firmly supportive of the European tradition and eastern academic architecture, Gilbert continued his numerous and successful designs until his death in 1934. Among his many familiar public buildings are the Treasury Annex and the Supreme Court in Washington, DC, the state capitol buildings of West Virginia and Arkansas, and the public libraries of St. Louis and Detroit.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Library of Congress

Cass Gilbert Archive, 1890-1939

Montana Historical Society

Cass Gilbert Papers, 1902-1910

Oberlin College Archives

Cass Gilbert Collection, 1903-1984, 2000

University of Minnesota, Archives and Special Collections

Cass Gilbert Collection, 1909-1910

United States Supreme Court, Office of the Curator
Provenance:
Gift of Emily Gilbert and Cass Gilbert, Jr. through Mr. Silvio Bedini, November 30, 1961, January 15, 1962, and later in 1962.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Engineering -- 1890-1940 -- U.S.  Search this
Bridges -- 1890-1940  Search this
Civil engineering -- 1890-1940 -- U.S.  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Commercial buildings -- 1890-1940 -- U.S.  Search this
Architects -- 1890-1940  Search this
Architecture -- 1890-1940 -- United States  Search this
Public architecture -- 1890-1940 -- U.S.  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings -- 1890-1940
Business records -- 1880-1950
Clippings -- 1900-1950
Contracts -- 1890-1940
Personal papers -- 1890-1940
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Pastels (visual works)
Pencil works
Pamphlets
Booklets
Specifications
Correspondence -- 1900-1950
Statistics
Sketchbooks -- 1890-1940
Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0214
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0214
Online Media:

First Division Memorial, Washington, D.C., c. 1923-1924

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref100

New York Life Insurance Building, c. 1925-1928

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref101

Seaside Hospital, Waterford, CT, c. 1932-1934

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref102

U.S. Court House, New York, c. 1932-1936

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref103

Woolworth Building, New York City, ca. 1911-1913

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref104

Snapshots of Construction of Woolworth Building, New York City

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref105

F.W. Woolworth & Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert at Palm Beach, Florida, Spring, 1911

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref106

Snapshots and negatives, New York City, July 1935

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 71, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 6: Photoprints / 6.1: Bound Volumes
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref107

Hudson River Bridge (George Washington Bridge) sketches

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1925 - 1926
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref120

Bayonne Bridge (Kill Van Kull Bridge) sketches

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1927 - 1927
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref121

United States Chamber of Commerce sketches

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also includes sketches for an art gallery (1930) and an idea for a south entrance (1925).
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref122

Nashville Moument, War Department and Nashville [capitol study?]

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1922 - 1922
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref124

Allentown Office Building sketches

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1926 - 1926
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref125

Bayonne Bridge (Kill van Kull Bridge) sketches

Collection Creator:
Valentine, P. O. (33 Homestead, Park, Newark)  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Belden & Company (45 Clinton Street, Newark, N.J.)  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1927 - 1927
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Cass Gilbert Collection, 1897-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Cass Gilbert Collection
Cass Gilbert Collection / Series 5: Sketches and Sketch Books
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0214-ref126

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