Recorded in "Vocabulary" form, printed for the use of the Department of War to collect vocabularies from Indians of the Pacific Coast for publication by Smithsonian Institution. Form sent to Cooper by George Gibbs. First page includes brief notes in the handwriting of Gibbs, J. C. Pilling, and A. S. Gatschet.
Folder 1: Powell to Whitney, July 17, 1877 (Copy) Whiteney to Powell, July 25, 1877 (Draft) Powell to Whitney, July 31, 1877 (Draft) List of vowel and consonant symbols, with definitions, from Whitney (so identified in George Gibb's hand--MCB); undated copy of draft of Whitneyʹs manuscript which is also in the Yale manuscripts. It was subsequently published, slightly revised and attributed to Whitney as "On the alphabet," page 306 of Powellʹs Introduction . . ., 1877. 11 pages.
Folder 2: Photographic copies of all Powell-Whitney correspondence in Yale University Library, secured by W. C. Sturtevant after visit of November 4, 1960 (Stirling Memorial Library, Yale University, Historical Manuscripts Collections, W. D. Whitney (1827-1894) collection): Powell to Whitney, July 17, 1877, 15 pages. Enclosure in above : untitled manuscript by W. D. W., describing alphabet for Indian languages. 22 pages. Powell to Whitney, July 31, 1877, 6 pages letter and 6 pages tables of symbols. Powell to Whitney, August 27, 1877, 2 pages (transmitting 2 copies of printed alphabet, not present).
Folder 3: 3 drafts of Powellʹs alphabet with introduction, undated. "Suggestions from I. (?) Porter", May 12, (no year) re Whitneyʹs orthographic proposals. 2 pages. O. T. Masonʹs note on Powellʹs and Whitneyʹs orthography, 2 pages. 2 unsigned copies of letter to William Dwight Whitney, May 7th, 1877, labelled "O. T. Mason," on US Geographic & Geologic Survey Rocky Mountains letterhead paper--written in phonetic orthography, one (marked "q") in Whitneyʹs orthography, and the other (marked "r" in Masonʹs modification, 2 pages each.
Folder 4: Several sheets on orthography, unsigned, undated, marked "Gibbs," "Pilling," "Gatschet," etc. and apparently received from them. The manuscript copy in Gibbsʹ hand marked "Pickeringʹs alphabet" is summarized from pages 35-36 of "An essay on a uniform orthography for the Indian languages of North America," by John Pickering, Cambridge, University Press, 1820 (reprint from Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences volume 4, art.22)(BAE Library PM 211.P5). The Dakota alphabet in Gibb's hand is a copy from Riggs, Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, 4, 1852.
Folder 5: Printed materials: Clipping, definition of symbols "from the manual or circular sent out by Gibbs, George . . . . 1863" two copies printed sheet "The Origin of our alphabet," copyright 1877 by J. Enthoffer Newspaper clipping re Melville Bellʹs "Universal Alphabet," March 17, 1876.
Folder 6: McGee to Boas, May 27, 1903 (Copy); Boas to McGee, May 28, 1903; McGee to Boas, June 16, 1903; J. P. Harrington to F. W. Hodge, January 11, 1910; J. P. Harrington to F. W. Hodge, January 16, 1910 (two letters, this date); Hodge to Harrington, January 20, 1910; Harrington to Hodge, September 30, 1911; Hewitt to Hodge, October 16, 1911 re Harringtonʹs proposals; Hodge to Harrington, October 18, 1911.
(a)- Letter from Mr. Ross to George Gibbs, dated November 10, 1858; Gives detailed information relative to the various Chipewyan tribes, with abstract of the census of McKenzies River District, June 1, 1858. 6 pages. (b)- Vocabulary of the Chipewyan (Caribou Eaters and Yellow Knives), and the Sekani (Sickannie), 5 pages with parallel columns. (c)- A copy of the Chipewyan vocabulary , by Gibbs, with changes. 6 pages.
Copy in hand of George Gibbs, marked, "Simpson [Number] 5."
Title page, filed with Navajo Manuscript Number 104, reads, "Vocabularies of the Pueblo and other Indians of New Mexico from a Journal of a Military Reconnaissance from Santa Fe New Mexico to the Navajo Country, by Jas. H. Simpson 1st Lieut. Top. Eng. Phila. 1852." (Note added by SJB 12/1969.)
Manuscript 817, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded by the National Science Foundation under BCS Grant No. 1561167 and the Recovering Voices initiative at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History.
Many vocabularies are recorded in Manuscript Number 227, as follows: Flathead, Kalispelm or Pend Oreille, Shewhapmukh or Shuswap, Nikutemukh (Couteaux or Samena), Spokane, Piskwaus, Show-yel-pi or Colville, Okinaken (or Okanagan), Yukeh, Lilowat, Samena, Hailtzuk (BellaBella), and Belhoola, Kalapuya, and Molele.
NAA MS 742
Manuscript 742, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution