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Vase

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Elpidio Chavarria (Elpidio Chavarría Chavarría), Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vase
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, slipped, burnished
Dimensions:
17.0 x 13.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9000
Barcode:
269000.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws639d42dfe-47d8-4037-8b6b-4170f2e7e014
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407704

Canteen

Culture/People:
Teribe (Terraba)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Isabel Rivera (Isabel Cristina Rivera Navas), Teribe (Terraba), b. 1964  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Canteen
Media/Materials:
Gourd, wood, yarn
Techniques:
Carved, etched, tied
Dimensions:
21.5 x 16.0 cm
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Térraba Indigenous Territory; Térraba; Buenos Aires Cantón; Puntarenas Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9006
Barcode:
269006.000
See related items:
Teribe (Terraba)
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b8909b49-0ea0-49ae-9b75-d7a74c66ae58
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407710
Online Media:

Bottle

Culture/People:
Lenca  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Bottle
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Slab built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
10.0 x 41.2 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Honduras (inferred)
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8995
Barcode:
268995.000
See related items:
Lenca
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f59c8e44-c9d2-45ad-9e8e-d98b0868a6e5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407699

Vase

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Harry Garcia (Harry Garcia Grijalba), Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vase
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, incised, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
17.8 x 10.7 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8997
Barcode:
268997.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6623f438f-6da9-4e37-a486-e9ee29205979
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407701

Plate

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Elpidio Chavarria (Elpidio Chavarría Chavarría), Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Plate
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, slipped, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
7.0 x 33.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9004
Barcode:
269004.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c933335b-4886-49ee-bf74-8bb1c3e2eb11
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407708

Vessel

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vessel
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
16.0 x 19.0 x 21.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica (inferred)
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9001
Barcode:
269001.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e13a9893-d7b3-4283-8ec0-93ffdcb0f5dd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407705
Online Media:

Vessel

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ilcia Chavarria (Ilcia Chavarria Arelis Ruiz), Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vessel
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled, carved, slipped, burnished
Dimensions:
20.0 x 26.0 x 16.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9003
Barcode:
269003.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws65851fdd0-fbd2-4b7a-8113-95d1b7b6c05b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407707

Plate

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Elpidio Chavarria (Elpidio Chavarría Chavarría), Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Plate
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, slipped, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
6.7 x 33.3 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9005
Barcode:
269005.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a4eafffe-ba46-4d78-a33c-e87a8423719f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407709

Lamp stand

Culture/People:
Lenca  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Lamp stand
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Slab built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
9.0 x 9.0 x 31.0 cm
Object Type:
Furnishings (Home)
Place:
Honduras (inferred)
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8994
Barcode:
268994.000
See related items:
Lenca
Furnishings (Home)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws632703a93-3461-44b9-9ded-da5b1a18cadd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407698

Jar

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Gerardo Campos, Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Jar
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, carved, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
16.0 x 16.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Guaitil; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8998
Barcode:
268998.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws649df89c5-9fba-490b-a524-fda07e394739
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407702
Online Media:

Vase

Culture/People:
Lenca  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vase
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Slab built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
21.0 x 11.0 x 21.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Honduras (inferred)
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8992
Barcode:
268992.000
See related items:
Lenca
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e2c4d495-a40e-4c51-a736-a80c8b67e174
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407696

Bottle

Culture/People:
Lenca  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Bottle
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Slab built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
41.2 x 10.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Honduras (inferred)
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8996
Barcode:
268996.000
See related items:
Lenca
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6eaa24c61-5559-45a3-b042-f5093f0fa8f5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407700

Jar

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ilcia Chavarria (Ilcia Chavarria Arelis Ruiz), Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Chietón Morén  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Jar
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, incised, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
15.0 x 26.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8999
Barcode:
268999.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69011b2d2-bbe0-4d1b-8bb1-cf24520e8b7c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407703

Vessel

Culture/People:
Chorotega  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Vessel
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
16.0 x 10.0 x 16.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
San Vicente de Nicoya community; Nicoya; Nicoya Cantón; Guanacaste Province; Costa Rica
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/9002
Barcode:
269002.000
See related items:
Chorotega
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws610665c52-16cd-4aa3-9bd5-4a642e755cc0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407706
Online Media:

Box

Culture/People:
Lenca  Search this
Seller:
Galería NAMU  Search this
NMAI agent:
Dr. Alexander Villa Benitez (Alex Benitez), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Box
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Slab built, modeled, burnished, painted
Dimensions:
15.5 x 15.0 x 13.8 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Honduras (inferred)
Date created:
2012
Catalog Number:
26/8993
Barcode:
268993.000
See related items:
Lenca
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b8ec5e2c-7d1d-4d06-af2e-ee15aa2311b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_407697

Monfort, Steven, No. 680005, George Mason University, 05/31/2002

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Sponsored Projects  Search this
Container:
Box 13 of 15
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 04-005, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Sponsored Projects, Award Files
See more items in:
Award Files
Award Files / Box 13
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa04-005-refidd1e2157

Erechtites hieracifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Robert M. King  Search this
Robert M. Garvey  Search this
Place:
George Mason University Campus, near parking lot B., Fairfax, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
9 Oct 1993
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae
Published Name:
Erechtites hieracifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.
Barcode:
00525453
USNM Number:
3399740
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
DC Flora
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/375734b68-b861-47cd-9e5c-dd64902413ec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2207161

Evaluation of accelerated aging for use in museum preservation research

Author:
Erhardt, W. David  Search this
Tumosa, Charles S.  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2002
Topic:
Museum conservation methods  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_55858

Marvin Harris papers

Creator:
Harris, Marvin, 1927-2001  Search this
Names:
Columbia University  Search this
University of Florida. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Extent:
42.27 Linear feet (85.5 document boxes, 1 oversize box, 4 record storage boxes, 90 computer disks, 19 cassette tapes, 1 7" sound reel, 3 vinyl records, and 1 map folder)
Note:
Boxes 88-91 (formerly designated off-site boxes 1-4) are stored off-site. Advanced notice must be given to view these materials.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Mozambique
Rio de Contas (Brazil)
Arembepe (Brazil)
Chimborazo (Ecuador)
Date:
1945-2001
Summary:
This collection contains the professional papers of anthropologist Marvin Harris. Harris was a prominent anthropologist, best known for developing the controversial paradigm of cultural materialism. He authored several important books in the field of anthropology and taught at Columbia University and The University of Florida. The papers include correspondence, research materials, his publications, unpublished manuscripts, conference papers, lectures, subject files, teaching files, computer files, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains the professional papers of anthropologist Marvin Harris. The papers include correspondence, research materials, his publications, unpublished manuscripts, conference papers, lectures, subject files, teaching files, computer files, and photographs.

His research files document his ethnographic field work in Rio de Contas, Brazil, both for his dissertation and his racial categorization project; his research on forced labor in Mozambique; his videotape study in New York City households; and his India sacred cattle research. The collection also contains his research on food preferences and aversions, his files as a research consultant for the McKinsey Global Institute, and photos from his field work in Chimborazo, Ecuador and Arembepe, Brazil.

Over the course of his career, Harris also participated in several conferences and invited lectures. The collection contains some of the papers he presented as well as audio recordings of his lecture "Levi-Strauss and the Clam: An Open and Shut Case" and a recording of a radio interview. Also present in the collection are materials relating to conference sessions and symposiums that he organized, including the 1967 AAA session on Anthropology and War and his 1983 Wenner-Gren symposium on Food Preferences and Aversions.

Additional materials that may be of interest are materials documenting Harris' activism in the 1960s at Columbia University, which include his anti-Vietnam War activities, as well as his involvement in the student protests of 1968 at Columbia University. The collection also contains Harris' CIA, FBI, and Department of State records that he obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests, photographs from Harris' service in the army in the 1940s, and photos taken in Brazil by Pierre Verger.

Harris corresponded with several prominent anthropologists, many of whom were Latin American specialists. Some of his noteworthy correspondents include Napoleon Chagnon, Derek Freeman, Morton Fried, Conrad Kottak, Sidney Mintz, Anthony Leeds, Claude Levi-Strauss, Darcy Ribeiro, Anisio Teixeira, Charles Wagley, and Karl Wittfogel. Also of special interest is his correspondence with leading figures in the Mozambique and Portuguese liberation movements, including Antonio Figuereido, Eduardo Mondlane, and General Humberto Delgado.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 10 series: (1) Correspondence, 1952-2001; (2) Research, 1949-1997; (3) Writings, 1955-2001; (4) Professional Activities, 1960-1999; (5) Name Subject Files, 1951-2001; (6) University, 1947-1999; (7) Biographical Files, 1954-1999; (8) Writings by Other People, 1961-2000; (9) Photographs, 1945-1996; (10) Computer Files, 1980-2000
Biographical Note:
Marvin Harris was a prominent anthropologist, best known for developing the controversial paradigm of cultural materialism. He authored several important books in the field of anthropology, most notably The Rise of Anthropological Theory (1968) and Cultural Materialism (1979) as well as books that reached a wider audience, such as Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches (1974) and Cannibals and Kings (1977).

Harris was born in Brooklyn, New York on August 18, 1927. After serving in the U.S. Army Transportation Corps (1945-47), he received his B.A. (1948) and Ph.D. (1953) from Columbia University. His first anthropology course was taught by Charles Wagley, who was influential in Harris' decision to become an anthropologist. Harris joined the faculty at Columbia University after earning his doctorate and served as chair of the Department of Anthropology from 1963 to 1966. In 1980, he left Columbia for a position as Graduate Research Professor at University of Florida, where he stayed until his retirement in 2000.

It was in The Rise of Anthropological Theory that Harris coined the phrase "cultural materialism," a subject he further elaborated on in Cultural Materialism. Cultural materialism, Harris explains, is a scientific research strategy "based on the simple premise that human social life is a response to the practical problems of earthly existence" (1979, xv). Harris applied the paradigm to explain various cultural patterns, such as food preferences and taboos, changes in U.S. family structure, and the collapse of Soviet and East European state socialism. One of his most controversial theories was that the Hindu prohibition of slaughtering and consuming cows in India arose because it was more economically beneficial to use cattle as draft animals than as meat. He challenged Napoleon Chagnon's views that Yanomami men were inherently more aggressive and violent by explaining that it was the pursuit of animal protein that was the cause of Yanomami warfare. Harris similarly argued that protein deficiency was the reason why the Aztecs practiced cannibalism.

Harris presented his theories beyond academic circles to a general audience by contributing a monthly column to Natural History Magazine. He also authored several popular books. In addition to Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches and Cannibals and Kings, Harris also wrote America Now (1981), Good to Eat (1985), and Our Kind (1989). Harris also authored and edited several editions of two college-level introductory textbooks: Culture, People, Nature (first published as Culture, Man, and Nature in 1971) and Cultural Anthropology (first published in 1983, later editions coauthored with Orna Johnson). According to Harris, the 1975 edition of Culture, People, Nature "was the first anthropology textbook to be written cover to cover in a gender-neutral mode of discourse" (12/3/93 letter from Harris to Deborah S. Rubin, "Furlow - [The Teaching of Anthropology]", Series 3. Writings, Marvin Harris Papers).

Although Harris is primarily known for his work as a theoretician, he also conducted ethnographic fieldwork throughout his career. Harris traveled to Rio de Contas, Brazil in 1950-51 to conduct research for his dissertation, "Minas Velhas: A Study of Urbanism in the Mountains of Eastern Brazil." This research was also the subject of his book Town and Country in Brazil (1958) and his chapter, "Race Relations in Minas Velhas, a Community in the Mountain Region of Central Brazil" in Race and Class in Rural Brazil (Charles Wagley, 1952). He continued his research in Brazil in 1953-54 while serving as a research advisor for the Ministry of Education in Rio de Janeiro. As field leader of the Columbia-Cornell-Harvard-Illinois Summer Field Studies Program, Harris returned to Brazil in 1962 to study fishing villages in Arembepe. Prior to that, he also served as field leader for the program in Chimborazo, Ecuador in 1960.

In 1956-57, Harris conducted field research in Mozambique, at the time under Portuguese rule. He initially intended to study the influence of Portuguese rule on race relations, comparing the race relations in Brazil and Mozambique. He soon became aware, however, of the political brutalities that the Portuguese government was imposing on the people of Mozambique. Consequently, Harris decided to focus his research on labor exploitation in the colony. Antonio de Figueiredo, who later became an important figure in the Mozambique liberation movement, served as an informal assistant to Harris. Harris was also friends with Eduardo Mondlane, president of FRELIMO, the Mozambican Liberation Front. Because Harris was openly critical of the Portuguese government, he was forced to leave Mozambique before he completed his research. When he returned to the United States, Harris published Portugal's African "Wards" (1958), a critical evaluation of Portugal's colonialism. His publication was influential in eradicating the forced labor system in Mozambique a few years later.

Harris' activism extended to the social and political unrest at home during the 1960s. He was vice-chairman of Vietnam Facts, an organization of professors in the United States who were against the Vietnam War, and was one of the organizers of the Ad Hoc Teaching Committee on Vietnam. In 1967, he brought an academic focus to war by organizing a symposium on the subject with Morton Fried and Robert Murphy at the American Anthropological Association's (AAA) annual meeting. Together, they edited War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression (1968), a compilation of the papers presented at the conference. During the 1968 student uprising at Columbia University, Harris was one of the few faculty members that openly sided with the students. Harris criticized the actions of the university administrators in his article, "Big Busts on Morningside Heights" (1968).

Due to his experiences in Mozambique, Harris also began to think about the distinctions between emic and etic perspectives, which he discusses in his book, The Nature of Cultural Things (1964). During the 1960s-70s, Harris experimented with the use of video recordings as an etic approach to collecting ethnographic data. He collaborated with the Bronx State Hospital to videotape domestic life in two Puerto Rican and two African American families. He also videotaped and coded behavioral streams of two Caucasian and two African-American families in New York City for his NSF funded project, "Patterns of Authority and Subordination in Low-Income Urban Domiciles." In 1965 and 1992, Harris returned to Brazil to study racial categorizations and identifications, specifically the emic and etic differences in the perception of race. He published several papers on the subject, including "The Structural Significance of Brazilian Racial Categories" (1963), "Referential Ambiguity in the Calculus of Brazilian Racial Identity" (1970), and "Who are the Whites?" (1993).

During the 1980s, Harris was troubled by the rising popularity of postmodernist theory within anthropology. He believed that anthropology was a science and was concerned about the harmful consequences of postmodernist theory to the field. He organized a AAA session on postmodernism called "Anti-anti Science" in 1989 and participated in multiple conference sessions on the subject, including a 1993 session on "The Objectivity Crisis: Rethinking the Role of Science" at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting. "Anthropology and Postmodernism," a revised version of his AAAS paper was published as a chapter in Science, Materialism, and the Study of Culture (Martin F. Murphey and Maxine L. Margolis, 1995). Harris also criticized postmodernist theory in his final book, Theories of Culture in Postmodern Times (1999).

While Harris thought that postmodernism was moving anthropology further away from science, behavior scientists began to see the relevancy of cultural materialism in their own research. In 1986, Harris was invited to give an address at the annual conference of the Association for Behavioral Analysis (ABA). His paper was titled, "Cultural Materialism and Behavior Analysis: Common Problems and Radical Solutions." He also participated in a symposium on "The Integration of Cultural Materialism and Behavior Analysis" at the 1991 ABA annual meeting.

From 1988-90, Harris served as president of the General Anthropology Division of AAA. In 1991, he was given the honor of presenting the Distinguished Lecture at the AAA annual meeting. His talk was titled, "Anthropology and the Theoretical and Paradigmatic Significance of the Collapse of Soviet and East European Communism." That same year, The Rise of Anthropological Theory was designated a Social Science Citation Classic.

Harris died at the age of 74 on October 25, 2001.

Sources Consulted

Margoline, Maxine L. and Conrad Phillip Kottak. "Marvin Harris (1927-2001)." American Anthropologist. 105(3) (2003): 685-688.

Curriculum Vitae. Series 7. Biographical Files. Marvin Harris papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Harris, Marvin. "Cultural Materialism is Alive and Well and Won't Go Away Until Something Better Comes Along." In Assessing Anthropology,edited by Robert Borofsky, 62-76. New York: McGraw Hill, 1994.

Chronology

1927 -- Born August 18 in Brooklyn, New York

1945-1947 -- Served in U.S. Army Transportation Corps

1948 -- B.A. from Columbia College

1950-1951 -- Field research in Brazil

1953 -- Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University Field research in Brazil

1953-1954 -- Research Advisor, National Institute of Pedagogical Studies, Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian Ministry of Education

1953-1959 -- Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1956-1957 -- Field research in Mozambique

1959-1963 -- Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1960 -- Field leader of Columbia-Cornell-Harvard-Illinois Summer Field Studies Program in Chimborazo, Ecuador

1962 -- Field leader of Columbia-Cornell-Harvard-Illinois Summer Field Studies Program in Arembepe, Bahia, Brazil. NSF

1963-1980 -- Professor, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1963-1966 -- Chair, Department of Anthropology, Columbia University

1965 -- Field Research in Brazil

1965-1972 -- Video Tape Methodology and Etic Ethnography

1969-1974 -- Principle Investigator, Videotape Studies of Urban Domiciles

1968-1969 -- Visiting Distinguished Professor, Central Washington State College

1976 -- Field Research in India

1980-2000 -- Graduate Research Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Florida

1983-1984 -- Consultant, United Nations Fund for Population Activities

1984 -- McMurrin Professor, University of Utah, Fall

1991-1992 -- Consultant, McKinsey and Company Global Institute

1991 -- Presented AAA Distinguished Lecture, "Anthropology and the Theoretical and Paradigmatic Significance of the Collapse of Soviet and East European Communism" The Rise of Anthropological Theory designated Social Science Citation Classic

1992 -- Field Research in Brazil

2001 -- Died October 25

Selected Bibliography

1952 -- Harris, Marvin. "Race Relations in Minas Velhas." In Race and Class in Rural Brazil, edited by Charles Wagley, 51-55. Paris: UNESCO, 1952.

1956 -- Harris, Marvin. Town and Country in Brazil. New York: Columbia University Press, 1956.

1958 -- Harris, Marvin, and Charles Wagley. Minorities in the New World. New York: Columbia University, 1958. Harris, Marvin. Portugal's African "Wards". New York: The American Committee on Africa, 1958.

1959 -- Harris, Marvin. "The Economy Has No Surplus?" American Anthropologist 51 (1959): 189-199. Harris, Marvin. "Labor Emigration Among the Mozambique Thonga: Cultural and Political Factors." Africa 29 (1959): 50-56.

1963 -- Harris, Marvin, and Conrad Kottack. "The Structural Significance of Brazilian Racial Categories." Sociologia 25 (1963): 203-209.

1964 -- Harris, Marvin. "Racial Identity in Brazil." Luso-Brazilian Review 1 (1964): 21-28. Harris, Marvin. The Nature of Cultural Things. New York: Random House, 1964. Harris, Marvin. Patterns of Race in the Americas. New York: Walker and Company, 1964.

1965 -- Harris, Marvin. "The Myth of the Sacred Cow." In Man, Culture and Animals, edited by A. Vayda and A. Leeds, 217-228. Washington: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1965.

1966 -- Harris, Marvin. "The Cultural Ecology of India's Sacred Cattle." Current Anthropology 7 (1966): 51-66. Harris, Marvin, and George Morren. "The Limitations of the Principle of Limited Possibilities." American Anthropologist 58 (1966): 122-127.

1967 -- Harris, Marvin, Morton Fried, and Robert Murphy, eds. "The Anthropology of War and Aggression." Special Supplement, Natural History (December 1967): 30-70.

1968 -- Harris, Marvin. "Big Bust on Morningside Heights." The Nation 206 (1968): 757-763. Harris, Marvin. The Rise of Anthropological Theory. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1968. Harris, Marvin, Morton Fried, and Robert Murphy, eds. War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. New York: Natural History Press, 1968.

1970 -- Harris, Marvin. "Referential Ambiguity in the Calculus of Brazilian Racial Identity." Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 26 (1970): 1-14.

1971 -- Harris, Marvin. Culture, Man and Nature: An Introduction to General Anthropology. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1971.

1974 -- Harris, Marvin. Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches: The Riddles of Culture. New York: Random House, 1974.

1976 -- Harris, Marvin, and William Divale. "Population, Warfare, and the Male Supremacist Complex." American Anthropologist 78 (1976): 521-538.

1977 -- Harris, Marvin. Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures. New York: Random House, 1977.

1979 -- Harris, Marvin. Cultural Materialism: The Struggle for a Science of Culture. New York: Random House, 1979.

1981 -- Harris, Marvin. America Now: The Anthropology of a Changing Culture. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981.

1982 -- Harris, Marvin, A. Vaidynathan, and K.N. Nair. "Bovine Sex and Species Ratios in India." Current Anthropology 23 (1982): 365-383.

1983 -- Harris, Marvin. Cultural Anthropology. New York: Harper and Row, 1983.

1984 -- Harris, Marvin. "Animal Capture and Yanomamo Warfare: Retrospect and New Evidence." Journal of Anthropological Research 40 (1984): 183-201.

1985 -- Harris, Marvin. Good to Eat: Riddles of Food and Culture. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.

1987 -- Harris, Marvin. "Cultural Materialism: Alarums and Excursions." In Waymarks: The Notre Dame Inaugural Lectures in Anthropology, edited by Kenneth Morre, 107-126. Notre Dame: Notre Dame Press, 1987. Harris, Marvin, and Eric Ross, eds. Food and Evolution: Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987. Harris, Marvin, and Eric Ross. Death, Sex and Fertility: Population Regulation in Preindustrial and Developing Societies. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

1988 -- Harris, Marvin. Why Nothing Works: The Anthropology of Daily Life. New York: Touchstone, 1988.

1989 -- Harris, Marvin. Our Kind: Who We Are, Where We Came From, and Where We're Going. New York: Harper and Row, 1989.

1991 -- Harris, Marvin. "Anthropology: Ships that Crash in the Night." In Perspectives on Social Science: The Colorado Lectures, edited by Richard Jessor, 70-114. Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1991. Harris, Marvin, Thomas Headland, and Kenneth Pike, eds. Emics and Etics: The Insider/Outsider Debate. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1991. Harris, Marvin. "The Evolution of Human Gender Hierarchies: A Trial Formulation." In Sex and Gender Hierarchies, edited by Barbara Miller, 57-79. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

1992 -- Harris, Marvin. "Distinguished Lecture: Anthropology and the Theoretical and Paradigmatic Significance of the collapse of Soviet and East European Communism." American Anthropologist 94 (1992): 295-305.

1993 -- Harris, Marvin, Josildeth Gomes Consorte, Joseph Lang, and Bryan Byrne. "Who are the White? Imposed Census Categories and the Racial Demography of Brazil." Social Forces 72 (1993): 451-462.

1994 -- Harris, Marvin. "Cultural Materialism is Alive and Well and Won't Go Away Until Something Better Comes Along." In Assessing Anthropology, edited by Robert Borofsky, 62-76. New York: McGraw Hill, 1994.

1995 -- Harris, Marvin. "Anthropology and Postmodernism." In Science, Materialism, and the Study of Culture, edited by Martin Murphy and Maxine Margolis, 62-77. Gainsville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1995.

1999 -- Harris, Marvin. Theories of Culture in Postmodern Times. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 1999.
Related Materials:
More of Marvin Harris' correspondence can be found in the papers of William Duncan Strong. Researchers may also want to consult the Human Studies Film Archives, which holds video oral histories of Charles Wagley (HSFA 89.10.5) and Lambros Comitas (HSFA 89.10.20), both of whom discuss Harris in their interviews.
Separated Materials:
An open reel video from the collection was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA 2011.10.1). The video relates to Series 2: Research; Sub-series 2.6: Videotape Research--"[Macy's Santa Claus study]"
Provenance:
The papers of Marvin Harris were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by his daughter, Susan Harris.
Restrictions:
Access to student records (consisting of graded materials and student recommendation letters), grant proposals sent to Harris for review by grant agencies, and part of his faculty recruitment files are restricted until 2081. Series 10. Computer Files are also restricted due to preservation concerns.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Food habits  Search this
Race  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Cattle -- India  Search this
Citation:
Marvin Harris papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.2009-27
See more items in:
Marvin Harris papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2009-27

George Mason University/Smithsonian Joint Research Program, 1980-1984

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Fellowships and Internships  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 11
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years;until Jan-01-2028. These records contain sensitive information and will be redacted by SIA before use by researchers. Transferring office; 9/5/2013 memorandum, Johnstone to Murphy; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 13-242, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Fellowships and Internships, Director's Records
See more items in:
Director's Records
Director's Records / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa13-242-refidd1e2265

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