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Mollie Garfield papers, 1874-1883

Creator:
Garfield, Mollie, 1867-1947  Search this
Garfield, Mollie, 1867-1947  Search this
Subject:
Beard, James Carter  Search this
Holmes, William Henry  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram)  Search this
Fenn, Harry  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8174
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210345
AAA_collcode_garfmoll
Theme:
Ephemera, Miscellany, and General Art Related
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210345
Online Media:

Read family papers, 1848-1935

Creator:
Read family  Search this
Read family  Search this
Subject:
Fosdick, W. W. (William Whiteman)  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram)  Search this
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue  Search this
Knaus, Ludwig  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth  Search this
Powers, Hiram  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison)  Search this
Rogers, Randolph  Search this
Sartain, John  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh)  Search this
Story, William Wetmore  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf  Search this
Bierstadt, Albert  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan  Search this
Read, Mary Pratt  Search this
Read, Harriet Denison Butler  Search this
Read, Mary Alice  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8401
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210575
AAA_collcode_readread
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210575

National Republican Ticket

Referenced; depicted:
Garfield, James A.  Search this
Arthur, Chester A.  Search this
Referenced:
Republican Party  Search this
Object Name:
ticket
ballot
Date made:
1880
Subject:
Political Campaigns  Search this
Elections  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Campaign of 1880  Search this
ID Number:
PL.227739.1880.T05
Catalog number:
227739.1880.T5
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng4b360debc-aaea-1948-e053-15f76fa01cd4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1988088

ribbon

Associated person:
Garfield, James A.  Search this
Arthur, Chester A.  Search this
Physical Description:
black (overall color)
red (overall color)
Object Name:
Ribbon
Object Type:
ribbon
Associated date:
1880
ID Number:
PL.227739.1880.J02
Catalog number:
227739.1880.J02
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-373f-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_516195

Advertising Card, Garfield/Arthur

Associated person:
Garfield, James A.  Search this
Arthur, Chester A.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper, card (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/4 in x 4 3/4 in; 8.255 cm x 12.065 cm
Object Name:
Advertisement
Subject:
Political Campaigns  Search this
Credit Line:
Ralph E. Becker
ID Number:
PL.227739.1880.V06
Catalog number:
227739.1880.V06
Accession number:
227739
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Political History, Campaign Collection
Government, Politics, and Reform
American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-4ac5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_516210

Mrs. Mildred McLean Hazen [Wife of General Hazen] Letters

Collection Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Collection Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0427, Subseries 4.2
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
William Babcock Hazen Papers / Series 4: Correspondence of Hazen Family
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0427-ref101

Miscellaneous Letters and Forms (Freedmen Funds)

Collection Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1864 - 1886
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Collection Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0427, Subseries 2.16
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
William Babcock Hazen Papers / Series 2: Correspondence and Forms
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0427-ref83

Hazen Family Tree

Collection Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Collection Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0427, Subseries 4.1
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
William Babcock Hazen Papers / Series 4: Correspondence of Hazen Family
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0427-ref99

Read family papers

Creator:
Read family  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900  Search this
Fosdick, W. W. (William Whiteman), 1825-1862  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908  Search this
Knaus, Ludwig, 1829-1910  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873  Search this
Read, Harriet Denison Butler, 1837-1935  Search this
Read, Mary Alice, 1845-1870  Search this
Read, Mary Pratt, 1818-1855  Search this
Read, Thomas Buchanan, 1822-1872  Search this
Richards, T. Addison (Thomas Addison), 1820-1900  Search this
Rogers, Randolph, 1825-1892  Search this
Sartain, John, 1808-1897  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892  Search this
Extent:
229 Items ((on partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1848-1935
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence between Read family members, Thomas Buchanan Read, Mary Pratt Read, Mary Alice Read, and Harriet Denison Butler Read, and notable military, literary, political, and artistic figures, particluarly of the 19th century. Correspondents include Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Edwin Church, William Whiteman Fosdick, Harriet Goodhue Hosmer, Ludwig Knaus, Hiram Powers, Thomas Addison Richards, Randolph Rogers, John Sartain, William Wetmore Story, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, Philip Sheridan, James Garfield, and William Tecumseh Sherman, among others.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Buchanan Read was a poet, a portrait and history painter, and sometime sculptor, and worked in the U.S. and abroad.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1979 by Denison L. Burton.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Poets  Search this
Portrait painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.readread
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-readread

Mollie Garfield papers

Creator:
Garfield, Mollie, 1867-1947  Search this
Names:
Beard, James Carter, 1837-1913  Search this
Fenn, Harry, 1838-1911  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Date:
1874-1883
Summary:
The Mollie Garfield papers measures 0.2 linear feet and date from 1874 to 1883 and consist primarily of an album of 26 signed pencil sketches, ink drawings, and watercolors of various subjects by American painters and illustrators, including James Carter Beard, Harry Fenn, William Henry Holmes, Joseph Pennell, and others. Also found are a few items of correspondence and notes regarding the album and the artists, and a few scattered miscellaneous documents from the 1870s.
Scope and Content Note:
The Mollie Garfield papers measures 0.2 linear feet and date from 1874 to 1883 and consist primarily of an album of 26 signed pencil sketches, ink drawings, and watercolors of various subjects by American painters and illustrators, including James Carter Beard, Harry Fenn, William Henry Holmes, Joseph Pennell, and others. Also found are a few items of correspondence and notes regarding the album and the artists, and a few scattered miscellaneous documents from the 1870s.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, there is only one series consisting of five folders of 19 items. Items are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Mary "Mollie" Garfield (1867-1947) was born in Washington, D.C. to James A. Garfield and Lucretia Rudolph Garfield. She was 14 when her father became President of the United States in January, 1881. On July 2, James Garfield was shot at Union Station in Washington, D.C. and Mollie and her mother were present when he died of his wounds on September 19. Mollie Garfield's education included Miss Mittleberger's School in Cleveland, Ohio and one semester at Miss Porter's Finishing School in Farmington, Connecticut. She lived with her mother at the Garfield family home, Lawnfield, in Mentor, Ohio until her marriage in 1888 to Joseph Stanley-Brown, who had been her father's private secretary. She died in Pasadena, California at the age of 80.
Related Material:
The Mary Garfield Stanley-Brown papers, 1881-1967, are located at the Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 1970 by Mrs. Herbert (Ruth) Feis, daughter of Mollie Garfield.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Artists -- Ohio -- Cleveland  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Citation:
Mollie Garfield papers, 1874-1883. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.garfmoll
See more items in:
Mollie Garfield papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-garfmoll
Online Media:

Garfield, James A.

Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Container:
Oversize 169, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center Subject Categories: Politics, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Politics
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Politics / 1: Presidents
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-politics-ref564

Folder 30 Garfield, James A., 1879. To Spencer F. Baird.

Collection Creator::
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Container:
Box 3 of 31
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7050, George Brown Goode Collection
See more items in:
George Brown Goode Collection
George Brown Goode Collection / Series 1: AUTOGRAPH LETTERS, 1814-1895, AND UNDATED. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. / Box 3
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7050-refidd1e3400

Garfield, James A.

Series Creator:
DeVincent, Sam, 1918-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder Q
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1880-1965
Scope and Contents note:
Only one composition dates after 1885. Includes many funeral marches. (19 items)
Series Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
The Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 5: Politics and Political Movements
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, Series 5: Politics and Political Movements / 5.2: Politicians and Political Figures
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0300-s05-ref78

St. Felix Sisters' Scrapbook

Collector:
St. Felix Sisters  Search this
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Names:
D'Oyly Carte (theater company)  Search this
E.E. Rice's Opera Comique Company  Search this
Tony Pastor's Vaudeville Theater  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
St. Felix, Charlotte  Search this
St. Felix, Clementina  Search this
St. Felix, Henrietta  Search this
St. Felix, Leonore  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Programs
Theater programs
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Date:
1880-1904
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook contains newspaper reviews & theatre programs in which the St. Felix Sisters are named, and which covers the period from April, 1880 to November, 1898.

The scrapbook also contains a newspaper article on the death of President Garfield, and article about Greenwood Cemetery where many "stage artists" were buried in the public lots, and an engraving titled "Puck and the Fairies" (Midsummer Night's Dream).
Biographical / Historical:
The three Felix sisters, Henrietta, Clementina and Charlotte, performed in theatre companies, such as Tony Pastor's Vaudeville Theatre, and the D'Oyly Carte and E.E. Rice's Opera Comique Company. A fourth sister, Leonora, died in 1880. Their act consisted of original song and dance sketches which were described as "refined and elegant." They had a great variety of costumes of "richness of fabric and elegance of design."

On their annual tours with the vaudeville companies they performed in cities across the United States and in Montreal, Canada. Between 1887 and 1888 they toured Europe, playing for seven months in London; then in Paris, Vienna, Hanover, Dresden, Berlin and Rotterdam.
Provenance:
Transferred from the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Women entertainers -- 1880-1910  Search this
Entertainers -- 1880-1910  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Vaudeville -- 1880-1910  Search this
Burlesque (Theater) -- 1880-1910  Search this
Theater -- 1880-1910  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Theater programs -- 1880-1910
Clippings -- 1880-1910
Scrapbooks -- 1880-1910
Citation:
St. Felix Sisters' Scrapbook, 1880-1904, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0294
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0294

[Little girl in nightgown praying before flag-draped martyred presidents' portraits. Active no. 1121 : stereo photonegative.]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
American Stereoscopic Co.  Search this
Names:
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
McKinley, William, 1843-1901 (President)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 9719

Video number 08996
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 2.1.9 [63].
Company no. 76702.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Martyrs  Search this
Nightgowns  Search this
Children -- 1900-1910  Search this
prayers  Search this
Assassinations  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Presidents  Search this
Flags -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 2: American Stereoscpopic Co. glass plates / 2.1: American Stereoscopic Negatives / RSN Numbers 9706-9790
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref18924

Portraits, Gar- includes photographs, press clippings, correspondence, and news releases related to: Garvan, Francis P.; Garand, John C.; Garra, Raymond D.; Garver, (Dr.); Garfield, Lucretia; Gartley, William H.; Garretson, W. (Dr.); Garner, R. L.; Gar...

Collection Creator::
Science Service  Search this
Container:
Box 8 of 69
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 90-105, Science Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 8
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa90-105-refidd1e12726

Politics and Presidents : stereographs

Photographer:
Wendt, Julius (Albany, N.Y.)  Search this
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Names:
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
Cleveland, Frances Folsom, 1864-1947  Search this
Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885  Search this
Harrison, William Henry, President, 1773-1841 -- Photographs  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
McKinley, William, 1843-1901 (President)  Search this
Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
45 Items
Container:
Box 5
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereographs
Phantom leaf stereographs
Place:
Yosemite National Park (Calif.) -- Stereographs
Washington (D.C.) -- Stereographs.
Date:
ca. 1870s-1905
Scope and Contents:
Group includes "phantom leaf" arrangements with photographs of Lincoln, Garfield, and Cleveland; Theodore Roosevelt on Glacier Point, Yosemite, by Underwood & Underwood; two views of what may be a campaign meeting; a view of U.S. Grant's funeral procession by Julius Wendt; and several White House interior and exterior views.
Related Materials:
Forms part of the photographs division of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site. Photographs must be handled with white cotton gloves, unless protected by plastic sleeves.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Politics and government -- Stereographs  Search this
Presidents -- United States  Search this
Funeral rites and ceremonies -- Stereographs  Search this
Capitols -- United States -- Stereographs  Search this
Politicians -- Stereographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereographs -- 1880-1900
Phantom leaf stereographs
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions / 2.6: Stereographs / Politics and Presidents
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s02-ref2818

William Babcock Hazen Papers

Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Names:
Lincoln, Robert Todd  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diplomas
Military commissions
Legal documents
Correspondence
Cartes-de-visite
Place:
Greenland -- Exploration
Date:
1855-1909
Summary:
Papers document General William Babcock Hazen's military career, primarily through correspondence, photographs, and publications.
Scope and Contents:
The General William Babcock Hazen Collection, 1856-1905, consists of approximately four cubic feet of material. Collection materials include biographical, correspondence (military and family), documents on the Greely Arctic Expedition, photographs, stereographs, and material on General Hazen's book, A Narrative of Military Service.
Arrangement:
This collection is divided into six series.

Series 1, Biographical Materials, 1885-1867

Series 2, Correspondence and Military Forms 1856-1886 and undated

Series 3, Correspondence to General William Babcock Hazen, 1861-1887

Series 4, Correspondence of Hazen Family, 1858-1909

Series 5, Photographs, 1864-1881

Series 6, Publications, 1865-1886
Biographical / Historical:
General William Babcock Hazen was born September 27, 1830 in West Hartford, Vermont. Four years later, the family moved to a farm outside Hiram, Portage County, Ohio where he attended school with James A. Garfield. Hazen's goal was service in the Army, and he wrote his congressman for admission to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Hazen graduated in 1855, twenty-eighth out of a class of thirty-four.

After graduation, General Hazen was assigned as Brevet Second Lieutenant, Company D, Fourth Infantry, Redding, California. After arriving in California, he was ordered to Fort Lane in the Oregon Territory. Lieutenant Hazen was authorized to establish a command at Grand Ronde and build a blockhouse that became the post Fort Yamhill, located west of Portland, Oregon. On April 20, 1857, he was transferred to Fort Jones, California, and then ordered to join the Eighth Infantry, Fort Davis, Texas. Hazen was transferred to Fort Inge, Texas, to protect a road from San Antonio to Eagle Pass. During a chase, Hazen was wounded by a bullet that was not removed. The lingering effect of the bullet wound would cause him frequent pain.

During the period of service in Texas, Hazen reportedly gained leadership experience, practical military knowledge, and considerable confidence in his own abilities. Following twelve months of convalescence, Hazen was nominated assistant instructor of military tactics at West Point on January 28, 1861. He was promoted to First Lieutenant on April 1861 and captain on May 14, 1861. Colonel James A. Garfield influenced the appointment of Hazen as colonel in command of the newly organized forty-first Ohio Volunteer Regiment. Hazen quickly transformed the regiment's inexperienced personnel into a firmly disciplined body. The intensive training paid large dividends later in the war, and he always held the regiment in high regard.

As brigade and division commander, General Hazen led troops in many important battles and campaigns: Shiloh (Place of Peace), Stones River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta, Resaca, Picketts Mill, Jonesboro, Fort McAllister, and Bentonville. On December 13, 1864, Hazen was appointed a major general of volunteers in recognition of long and faithful service and the capture of Fort McAllister. It was after the performance of his troops at Fort McAllister that a friendly relationship developed with General William T. Sherman. With the capitulation of the Confederate armies in spring of 1865, Hazen's division and the Army of the Tennessee left North Carolina where they saw their last fighting. The destination was Washington, D.C., site of a two-day grand review of the victorious Union Armies. On May 19, 1865 Hazen was elevated to commander of the Fifteenth Corps. After a thirty day furlough, he held command of the District of Middle Tennessee until the following summer. In July 1866, Hazen returned west.

In August 1870, President Ulysses S. Grant granted Hazen indefinite leave to observe the Franco-Prussian War. He viewed several battles and personally interviewed Otto von Bismarck and General Helmut von Moltke. Observations and research convinced Hazen that the United States Army was mismanaged and lacked tactical and logistical organization.

Before returning to the Sixth Infantry command, Hazen married Mildred McLean, the twenty-one year-old daughter of prominent Cincinnati Enquirer owner Washington McLean. A son John was born in 1876, but died at the age of twenty-two in 1898.

In June 1877, Hazen was appointed military attaché to the United States Legation in Vienna, Austria, and assigned as military observer of the Russo-Turkish War that had started in April 1877.

In 1878 Colonel Stanley accused Colonel Hazen of perjury and cowardice in the Civil War and requested a court-martial. Colonel Hazen retaliated by formally requesting that Stanley be arraigned by a court-martial on charges of publishing and circulating libelous material against him. On March 19, 1879, General Sherman reluctantly recommended that both generals be arraigned by the same court-martial. The New York Tribune reported "inasmuch as by the decisions of the court-martial Hazen has secured a substantial vindication." Hazen returned to Fort Buford.

While on detached service in Washington, D.C., Hazen actively campaigned for James A. Garfield for president. On August 24, 1880, General Albert James Myer, Chief of the Army Signal Corps, died, opening up a staff position subject to presidential appointment. President Rutherford B. Hayes, after consulting with President-elect Garfield, announced the promotion of Hazen to the rank of brigadier general and appointment as chief signal officer. One of Hazen's lasting legacies in this new role was advancing the development of meteorological science in the Army Signal Corps.

In May 1880, Lady Franklin Bay in northern Canada was chosen as the site for a signal service polar station, one of several conducted by eleven nations for the first International Polar Year (1882-1883). The initial two-year expedition set out in 1881 under the command of Regular Army First Lieutenant Adolphus W. Greely, a Civil War veteran from Massachusetts. The twenty-five man party did not get relief from the long winter in 1882, and a second rescue attempt was disrupted by ice. In September 1883, Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln, decided it was too late to send another relief party and they were left to spend a third winter in the Arctic. The demoralized party was forced to march south in search of supplies and landed at Cape Sabine, spending the next eight months in desperate circumstances. In June 1884, rescuers finally reached them and found only Greely and seven others alive. The remaining expedition members froze or starved to death.

Hazen never forgave Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln for his inaction with the Greely Arctic Expedition, and in 1884 Lincoln censured Hazen for his criticism. Hazen replied to Lincoln by letter, which was returned with a warning to keep the matter private. Hazen went to the press and stated in a published account that he wrote such a letter. He immediately found himself ordered before another court-martial, resulting in a reprimand by President Chester A. Arthur for "unwarranted and captious criticism." Greely supported Hazen's position. In 1885, Hazen produced A Narrative of Military Service, a report devoted to the defense of his Civil War record and personal reputation.

Health problems-diabetes and recurring pain from his bullet wound-forced Hazen to obtain a 12-month leave of absence from his military service. On January 13, 1887, he attended a White House reception where he caught a cold. He died on January 16, 1887, at the age of fifty-six.
Provenance:
In 1985, the Smithsonian received from the Estate of Fredrick McLean Bugher, grandnephew of General Hazen's wife Mildred McLean Hazen, manuscripts and letters concerning General Hazen. Part of the collection was rescued by a private individual from a Lorton, Virginia land fill and sold to the Smithsonian in 1987 in two sections. The first section contained material about the career of General William Babcock Hazen as chief signal officer of the United States Army. The second section contained manuscript materials related to Hazen's duties on the frontier and Indian tribes covering the period of 1855 to 1860, and from 1866 to 1880. Also included are family letters and land holdings in the Midwest.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Topic:
Arctic regions -- Discovery and exploration -- 1880-1890  Search this
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diplomas
Military commissions
Legal documents
Correspondence -- 1850-1900
Cartes-de-visite
Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0427
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0427
Online Media:

West Point Diploma 1855 June

Collection Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Collection Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
William Babcock Hazen Papers / Series 1: Biographical Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0427-ref10

Hazen Family Tree

Collection Creator:
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890  Search this
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893  Search this
Greely, Adolphus Washington  Search this
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881  Search this
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891  Search this
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Rights situation uncertain, but most of the collection is probably in the public domain due to its age.
Collection Citation:
William B. Hazen Papers, 1855-1909, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
William Babcock Hazen Papers
William Babcock Hazen Papers / Series 4: Correspondence of Hazen Family / 4.1: Hazen Family Tree
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0427-ref100

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