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[House of the Four Winds]: yew branches overhang the exedrae with statues surmounted on plinths that are wall fountains.

Photographer:
Ross, Deborah  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (col., JPEG.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
House of the Four Winds (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake -- Lake Forest
Date:
2012 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Benches  Search this
Exedrae (site elements)  Search this
Wall fountains  Search this
Hydrangeas  Search this
Fountains  Search this
Yew  Search this
Rills  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL009015
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL009: Lake Forest -- House of the Four Winds
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6999

Lake Forest -- Hull Residence, The

Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Garden designer:
Brookes, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
The Hull Residence (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 24 digital images.
General:
The one-acre property had a few trees and no garden in 1970; since then the owner and the late British garden designer John Brookes have created English-inspired formal and woodland gardens. The entrance court/parking area is patterned gravel and brick enclosed by curving brick walls with in-ground crabapple standards that appear to be planted in Versailles boxes set on brick paving. Curved steps lead down to the woodland garden in front of the house where a decorative shed appears as a folly. In spring primrose, hellebore, columbine, daffodil and lily-of-the-valley bloom under dogwood and magnolia. In summer white accents from hydrangea, birch and variegated hosta show through evergreen and woody shrubs. A winding path with deep garden borders leads to formal gardens that surround the back lawn. Clipped boxwood and yew add structure at the intersections of curving beds, a seating area overlooked by a statue of a seated deer, gravel garden and terrace. Towering pines and other trees were planted around the perimeter of the property and act as both privacy screens and backdrop to the borders.

David Austin roses in shades of pink grow in curving beds accented with perennials, tuteurs and an armillary sphere for height. Flowering trees and shrubs add color before the roses take over in summer. At one end there is a formal gravel garden where rope swags between columns support climbing roses with rose bushes, peonies, lady's mantle and clipped balls of yew at ground level. A terrace of mixed hardscapes along the back of the houses is planted with clipped shrubs and pots of annuals and bulbs. Planting beds and a small pond are cut into the hardscape, and opportunistic perennials including mosses are encouraged. The gardens are dotted with antique and inherited statuary and an urn on a second story balcony. Layered details include ivy trained in a crisscrossing pattern on a brick wall and running along flagstone steps.

Persons associated with the garden include: John Brookes (garden and landscape designer, late 1980's-2018).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL187
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32890

Lake Forest -- House of the Four Winds

Garden restoration:
Bergmann, Craig K.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Nichols, Rose Standish  Search this
Architect of house:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Former owner:
McBirney, Hugh J. Mrs  Search this
Coffey, Jack C.  Search this
Coffey, Jack C. Mrs.  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Guild of Winnetka  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
House of the Four Winds (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and an article.
General:
The garden at the House of the Four Winds was originally designed circa 1908 by architect Howard Van Doren Shaw and planted the following year by landscape architect Rose Standish Nichols. At that time the property comprised 5.29 acres and was a summer home sited to catch breezes off Lake Michigan. The hardscape designed by Shaw included two long pools or rills on different levels on the longitudinal axis from the house to the exedra and small fountains at the rear of the property. Stone benches and low walls were included in the hard scape design as well as an arched stone and wrought iron gateway. Shaw was said to be inspired by the Generalife Gardens at the Alhambra in Spain, and included water jets in the rills for spray. Rose Standish Nichols designed the formal garden borders in the upper and lower pool gardens as well as another formal side garden to the east. The property was subdivided in 1955, and House of the Four Winds currently comprises almost two acres.
The garden nearly was lost for 50 years until bits of the original hardscape were noticed, which led to the excavation of the two long pools and a complete renovation of blue stone walkways. Trees that had grown over and shaded the formal flower beds were removed. Hornbeam, yew and boxwood hedges and grass walkways outline the redesigned perennial flower beds, limited in color to purples, blues, pinks and whites at the owners' request. A tall boxwood hedge in the upper pool garden is clipped into an undulating shape, while other boxwood are clipped into conical or spherical shapes. There are planted containers at the exedra and near the house, original statues and fountains as well as original stone benches.
This garden was featured in the Garden Conservancy's Open Days directory in 2009.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Johnston McBirney (former owners, 1909-1954); Isabel M. Stimson (former owner, 1954-1955); Mr. and Mrs. Harry N. Bryant (former owners, 1955); Mr. and Mrs. Jack C. Coffey (former owners, 1955-1959); Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wolcott Henry, Jr. (former owners, 1959-1972); Nancy Cummings Henry (former owner, 1972-1974); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect of house and garden hard scape, 1908); Rose Standish Nichols (landscape architect, 1909-1911); Craig Bergmann (garden restoration, circa 2000 - 2002)
Related Materials:
House of the Four Winds related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 digital prints, 21 digital images + 3 lantern slides)
Additional materials also located in the Lake Forest Public Library, Lake Forest, Illinois.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL009
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6789

Lake Forest -- Greensward of Market Square, The

Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Landscape architect:
Rodney Robinson Landscape Architects  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Greensward of Market Square, The (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles about the project, and other information.
General:
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, Market Square was the first planned shopping center in the United States. Completed in 1916, the square and its surroundings were showing their age by the late 1990s, when a collaborative restoration project of the "green" in the center of the square was undertaken by the Lake Forest Garden Club, the city, and concerned citizens. The club had played an active role in Market Square landscaping improvements over the years; the current project was given its initial impetus by the club, but was soon transformed into a separate Market Square 2000 project with wide public and city support. With design work by Rodney Robinson Landscape Architects of Delaware, the project was completed in 2000. Features include a flagpole and fountain, sculpture, and various elements of hardscaping, such as brick walkways. On the north and south sides of the square's lawn are fire maples with an underplanting of hydrangea, viburnum, boxwood, and groundcover. West of the flagpole is a rose garden surrounded by an arch of yews, while two European hornbeams are situated in the corners of the rose bed. A low hedge of Alpine Currant (Ribes alpinum) outlines the north and south perimeters of the park.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include Rodney Robinson Landscape Architects (landscape architects, 1996-2000) and Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, 1913-1917).
Related Materials:
The Greensward of Market Square related holdings consist of 2 folders (6 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL120
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6818

Lake Forest -- Morris Garden

Landscape designer:
Miller, P. Clifford  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Morris Garden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and other information.
General:
Located on a one-quarter-acre lot, this garden was completely renovated in 2001-2002 with elements from English gardens observed during its owners' residence there. The garage at the rear of the property was modeled to resemble an orangerie and was inspired by the Serpentine Gallery in London's Kensington Gardens. 'William Baffin' roses are being trained on the fence at this end of the site, while through a gate to the left of the garage lies a small potting area and staging area for the planting of late blooming annuals. The southern edge of the garden features a scaled-down version of a wall seen at Sudeley Castle, fronted by flowering shrubs and clinging vines. A combination hornbeam and copper beech hedge covers a wooden fence, completing the southern boundary of the property. A euonymus-covered chain link fence and a stand of pleached linden trees are featured on the north side. The heart of the design is a sunken English-style garden modeled after a design by Rosemary Verey at Sudeley Castle. Its beds are planted with perennials, woody shrubs, and well-chosen annuals and surround a rectangle of green lawn. Designed for color interest from May to October, the sunken garden features a color palate of lavender and pink with touches of pale yellow. In addition to the sunken garden a pergola was built on one side of the patio by the house and provides a support for trumpet vine and the thornless climbing rose 'Zepherine Drouhin'.
Persons associated with the garden include P. Clifford Miller (landscape designer, 2001-2002).
Related Materials:
Morris Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL121
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6819

Lake Forest -- Carton Garden, The

Landscape architect:
Tyznik, Anthony  Search this
Architect:
Binkley, Roy  Search this
Myhrum, Arthur  Search this
Landscape designer:
Siegel, Julie  Search this
Sculptor:
van Dijk, Nenne  Search this
Former owner:
Ellis, Corson  Search this
Ellis, Roberta  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Carton Garden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, historical information about the house and garden, photocopies of articles about the property and garden, reference images, and other information.
General:
The Carton Garden is a two and one-half acre property on a one hundred year flood plain, west of the natural ridge that extends from Chicago to Wisconsin, tiled land that was a marshy area of the original prairie. A contemporary house by architect Roy Binkley was built in 1984, with design elements derived from Bauhaus and New England saltbox. Large Palladian windows provide solar gain in the winter, and the garden maintenance regime is based on Integrated Pest Management (I.P.M.) to reduce the use of chemicals. The current Carton Garden and house were created after the owners subdivided their original holding of six acres. Landscape architect Anthony Tyznik, FALSA, began working with the owners in 1955 and on this property in 1984, and continues to consult with the owner.
Tyznik designed a semi-circular brick terrace to connect the house to the meandering lawn, which connects to all other parts of the rectangular property. There is a kitchen garden room, planted in both flowers and herbs, and a woodland garden of mature white pines under planted with deciduous trees, shrubs, and ferns and hostas on the garden floor. A shady area is used as an outdoor reading room in summer with the sculpture SeeSaw by Nenne van Dijk nearby which is the focal point of the garden; a secret garden next to the house has a treasured wooden mushroom from the garden of the Prince of Wales; the swimming pool and pool house in the modern international style were designed by Chicago architect Arthur Myhrum in the 1960's. A wall next to the pool house is criss-crossed by espaliered pear trees, and beyond the pool house there is a tennis court. A potager in the style of the 17th century has a fountain surrounded by medicinal herbs and raised beds for growing summer vegetables.
Anthony Tyznik designed a pond for one corner of the property, which attracts wild fowl and bullfrogs. A dog cemetery has inscriptions from Shakespeare and Whittier on its stones. There is an orchard of fruit trees and a campfire with rustic furnishings under spruce trees. The design extends to all four corners of the property, all of which has been thoughtfully planned, planted and tended.
In addition to the Carton Garden, Anthony Tyznik has designed The Morton Arboretum in Lisle, Illinois and The King Residence in Burr Ridge, Illinois.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include Corson and Roberta Ellis (previous owners, 1928-1950); Roy Binkley (architect, 1984); Anthony Tyznik, FALSA (landscape architect, 1955-2009); Julie Siegel (landscape designer); Nenne van Dijk (sculptress, 1992); Arthur Myhrum (architect of pool and pool house, circa 1960).
Related Materials:
The Carton Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 digital images + reference photographs)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL125
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6820

[The Hull Residence]: A wood and gravel path leads to the shed/folly in the woodland garden.

Photographer:
Cherry, Crissy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (color, JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
The Hull Residence (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Date:
2016 June 14
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Woodland gardens  Search this
Sheds  Search this
Follies (Architecture)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL187005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL187: Lake Forest -- Hull Residence, The
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33164

[The Hull Residence]: An overhead view of the structure from clipped shrubs backed by mature trees.

Photographer:
Cherry, Crissy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (color, JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Aerial views
Place:
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
The Hull Residence (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Date:
2017 June 10
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Aerial views
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL187011
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL187: Lake Forest -- Hull Residence, The
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33165

[The Hull Residence]: A seating area in the middle of the rose garden.

Photographer:
Cherry, Crissy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (color, JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
The Hull Residence (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Date:
2017 June 14
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Roses  Search this
Garden borders  Search this
Benches  Search this
Armillary spheres  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL187016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL187: Lake Forest -- Hull Residence, The
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33166

[The Hull Residence]: Climbing roses cover the rope swags between columns in the gravel garden.

Photographer:
Cherry, Crissy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (color, JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
The Hull Residence (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Date:
2016 June 14
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Gravel  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Sundials  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL187018
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL187: Lake Forest -- Hull Residence, The
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33167

[The Hull Residence]: Volunteer plants thrive on the brick terrace that connects to the gravel garden.

Photographer:
Cherry, Crissy  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Digital image (color, JPEG file.)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Place:
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
The Hull Residence (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Date:
2016 June 14
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Ponds  Search this
statues  Search this
Climbing plants  Search this
Mosses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Digital images
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL187020
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL187: Lake Forest -- Hull Residence, The
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33168

Lake Forest -- Pirie Garden

Landscape architect:
Nichols, Rose Standish  Search this
Former owner:
Pirie, John T.  Search this
Cathcart, James A.  Search this
Wood, Robert E.  Search this
Armour, Lawrence H., Jr.  Search this
Architect:
Marshall, Benjamin H.  Search this
Bebbe, Thomas  Search this
Landscape designer:
Bergmann, Craig K.  Search this
Nevins, Debrorah  Search this
Garden designer:
Verey, Rosemary  Search this
Naturalist:
Miller, Cliff  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Pirie Garden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, garden plans, and photocopies of an article and other information about the garden.
General:
The Pirie Garden was designed by Rose Standish Nichols in the 1920s, although the estate's house had been built in 1904. It is comprised of garden rooms partitioned by pines, yews, and boxwood hedges. Today, a sweeping lawn and container plantings at the front steps hint at what lies beyond: a box-edged parterre, a thyme garden, an urn brimming with roses, and perennials and annuals set against an ancient yew hedge affectionately called "the couch." Other areas include a chapel-like white garden with two reflecting pools and a vine and rose-entwined pergola garden with three exuberant borders surrounding a small pool. In 1998 work began on a walled garden, which now graces the area surrounding the pool house. Wide grass steps, paired rose borders, a linden alleĢe, intricately patterned knot gardens, and four perennial borders are all key elements of this new landscape. In contrast to the softer colors of the perennial beds near the pergola, these borders reflect a stronger palette of red, orange, violet, and blue. Burgundy and silver foliage plants complement the whole scheme. Beyond the walled garden is a wooded ravine. A meandering path traces the ravine's edge beginning at the grass labyrinth and ending in a small glade overlooking the ravine. From this vantage point, a statue of Diana, the huntress, watches over the whole garden.
Persons associated with the property and garden include: John T. Pirie (former owner, 1904-1949); James A. Cathcart (former owner, 1949-1951); Robert E. Wood (former owner, 1951); Lawrence H. Armour, Jr. (former owner, 1952-1988); Benjamin H. Marshall (architect, 1904); Rose Standish Nichols (landscape architect, 1920s); Craig K. Bergmann, landscape designer, 1989); Thomas Bebbe (architect, 1995); Rosemary Verey (garden designer, 1995); Debra Nevins (landscape designer, 1995); and Cliff Miller (naturalist, 2000).
Related Materials:
Pirie Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (14 35 mm. slides; 3 glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6784

Lake Forest -- Haven Wood

Former owner:
Ryerson, Edward L. Mr. Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Nichols, Rose Standish  Search this
Jensen, Jens, 1860-1951  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Haven Wood (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of published information about the site, and additional information about the house and garden.
General:
Dating to 1912 and originally the home of Mr. and Mrs. Edward L. Ryerson, Haven Wood was a large country estate with several garden areas. Howard Van Doren Shaw was its architect, while Rose Standish Nichols was its landscape architect, with additional design work by Jens Jensen. The design featured long grassy vistas terminating with sculpture and pergolas. Herbaceous plants were used throughout. A large flower garden of rectangular beds was defined by hedge borders and featured a pool and fountain. There was also a terrace with a balustrade. The house is no longer extant.
Persons associated with the garden include Mr. and Mrs. Edward L. Ryerson (former owners, 1912-1930s); Rose Standish Nichols (landscape architect (ca. 1912); Howard Van Doren Shaw (architect, ca. 1912); and Jens Jensen (landscape architect, ca. 1912).
Related Materials:
Haven Wood related holdings consist of 1 folder (5 35 mm. slides (photographs); 3 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL022
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6800

Lake Forest -- Walden

Former owner:
McCormick, Cyrus H. (Cyrus Hall), 1859-1936  Search this
McCormick, Harriet Hammond, d. 1921  Search this
Landscape architect:
Manning, Warren H.  Search this
Shelton, Louise  Search this
Griswold, Ralph E., 1894-1981  Search this
Architect:
Hunt, Jarvis  Search this
Garden, Hugh Mackie Gordon  Search this
Coolidge, Charles Allerton, 1858-1936  Search this
Walcott, Russell A.  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Walden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies and printouts of information about the site, and additional information.
General:
Dating to the late 19th century, Walden was the estate of Cyrus H. McCormick and his wife Harriet Hammond McCormick. Inspired by Henry David Thoreau's Walden, its namesake was a center for the reform-era initiatives of its owners. Not the least was Harriet's interest in promoting calming natural surroundings and gardens (she was one of the founders of both the Lake Forest Garden Club and the Garden Club of America). Design work for the grounds, which included extensive woodlands, a ravine, bluffs overlooking Lake Michigan, and a working farm, was primarily the responsibility of Warren H. Manning, while over the years other contributions were made by such designers as Louise Shelton and Ralph E. Griswold. The house, which has been demolished, was designed in 1896 by Jarvis Hunt, with subsequent remodellings by Hugh Mackie Gordon Garden, Charles Allerton Coolidge, and Russell S. Walcott. The entire estate was subdivided after World War II, although isolated elements remain.
An aerial view of the estate and its neighbor, Villa Turicum (IL079), may be found at www.villaturicum.com.
Persons associated with the property include Cyrus H. (Cyrus Hall) McCormick and Harriet Hammond McCormick (former owners, ca. 1895-1936); Warren H. Manning (landscape architect, ca. 1895); Louise Shelton (landscape architect), Ralph E. Griswold (landscape architect); Jarvis Hunt (architect, 1896); Hugh Mackie Gordon Garden (architect); Charles Allerton Coolidge (architect); and Russell S. Walcott (architect).
Related Materials:
Walden related holdings consist of 1 folder (1 35 mm. slide (photograph); 8 lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL025
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6802

Lake Forest -- Mellody Farm

Former owner:
Armour, J. Ogden  Search this
Architect:
Huen, Arthur  Search this
Gardener:
Huen, Arthur  Search this
Designer:
Huen, Arthur  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Mellody Farm (Lake Forest, Ill.)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
General:
This estate contains several gardens. Before the main facade (northeast) is an arrival court with an oval pool which has a fountain at the center. This water feature is surrounded by sculpture. Circling this space is a drive. On axis with the opposite facade are three rectangular pools with lawn and flower borders which lead to a loggia. Urns and potted topiary plants are dotted about the garden. To the west of this water garden is a geometrically laid out rose garden. To the west of this is an orchard and service area. By the artificial lake, there is a 'Dutch Garden' composed of wedge-shaped flower beds arranged in a circle with an urn at the center.
Persons associated with the property include: J. Ogden Armour (former owner); Arthur Huen (designer, gardener, architect).
Related Materials:
Mellody Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL067
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6816

Lake Forest -- Villa Turicum

Architect:
Platt, Charles A. (Charles Adams), 1861-1933  Search this
Former owner:
McCormick, Harold F.  Search this
McCormick, Edith Rockefeller, 1872-1932  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Villa Turicum (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of publications featuring the gardenphotocopies of correspondence, and other information.
General:
"This is a handsomely wooded country estate, with white beaches running out on the water, giving scope for both formal and informal landscape design. From the east facade of the residence a series of terraces descends to the waterfront. From the south facade a series of rectangular flower beds create a large, formal garden." Extensive documentation, including photographs, of the property may be found at www.villaturicum.com.
The date 1912 has been assigned because most of the slides are of pages from the March 1912 issue of The Architectural Record.
Persons associated with the property include: Charles A. Platt (architect) and Harold F. and Edith Rockefeller McCormick (former owners).
Related Materials:
Villa Turicum related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL079
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6817

Lake Forest -- Covin Tree

Former owner:
Brewster, Walter, J.  Search this
Brewster, Katherine  Search this
Provenance:
Lake Forest Garden Club  Search this
Garden designer:
Brewster, Katherine  Search this
Architect:
Shaw, Howard Van Doren  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Covin Tree (Lake Forest, Illinois)
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets articles and exceprts from a slide script.
General:
The house was built in 1907 by architect Howard Van Doren Shaw on flat meadow land. In 1907, there was only one tree planted on the entire property. The large pond was a feature. Terraces and lawns surrounded the house with walks leading to and through a series of gardens, notably three called the April, May and June Gardens. The gardens are designed to bloom in those months and be secluded the rest of the year. Plantings included peonies and other plants a suitable to local condititions.
Garden statuary included works by Carl Milles, M. Alfeo Faggi, Edith Barretto Parsons, and Sylvia Shaw Judson.
Katherine Lancaster Brewster was the editor of the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America. She wrote, "The Little Garden for Little Money," 1924 and her garden design style may have been influenced by William Robinson and Gertrude Jeykll.
Persons and groups associated with the garden include: Mrs. Walter J. Brewster and Katherine Lancaster Brewster (former owners, 1920s-30s?), Hoard Doren Shaw (architect, 1907), Carl Milles, M. Alfeo Faggi (sculptor), Edith Barretto Parsons (sculptor), and Sylvia Shaw Judson (sculptor).
Related Materials:
Covin Tree related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 lantern slides)
Garden plan of the property is located at Lake Forest College.
See others in:
Garden Club of American collection, ca. 1920- [ongoing].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File IL003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6851

[Pirie Garden]: iris-bordered path.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Pirie Garden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "21."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Perennials  Search this
Irises (Plants)  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Rocks  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL002001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL002: Lake Forest -- Pirie Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6977

[Pirie Garden]: terrace and cart laden with potted flowers.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Pirie Garden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "58."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Columns  Search this
Fences  Search this
Containers  Search this
Chairs  Search this
Tables  Search this
Outdoor furniture  Search this
Flagstone  Search this
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Terraces  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL002002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL002: Lake Forest -- Pirie Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6978

[Pirie Garden]: grassy conifer-surrounded "room" with water jets and pools and a pair of marble Chinese goddess sculptures at the far end.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Pirie Garden (Lake Forest, Illinois)
United States of America -- Illinois -- Lake County -- Lake Forest
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
General:
Historic plate number: "57."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Green gardens  Search this
Ponds  Search this
Water jets  Search this
Conifers  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Gardens -- Illinois -- Lake Forest  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item IL002003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Illinois / IL002: Lake Forest -- Pirie Garden
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref6979

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