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Photographs of artists in their Paris studios

Compiler:
George Walter Vincent Smith Museum  Search this
Names:
Abbéma, Louise, 1858-1927  Search this
Aublet, Albert, 1851-1938  Search this
Bellcourt, Riene  Search this
Benjamin-Constant, 1845-1902  Search this
Besnard, Paul Albert  Search this
Bompard, Maurice  Search this
Bonnat, Léon Joseph Florentin, 1833-1922  Search this
Bouguereau, William Adolphe, 1825-1905  Search this
Boulanger, Gustave Clarence Rodolphe, 1824-1888  Search this
Bridgman, Frederick Arthur, 1847-1928  Search this
Béraud, Jean, 1849-1935  Search this
Cabanel, Alexandre, 1823-1889  Search this
Carolus-Duran, 1837 or 8-1917  Search this
Clairin, Georges, 1843-1919  Search this
Collin, Louis Joseph Rapheal  Search this
Cormon, Fernand  Search this
Courtois, Gustave, 1852-1923  Search this
Dagnan, Pascal Adolphe Jean  Search this
Detaille, Jean Baptiste Edouard  Search this
Duez, Ernest-Ange, 1843-1896  Search this
Falguiére, Jean-Alexandre-Joseph, 1831-1900  Search this
Fleury, T. R.  Search this
Frappa, J.  Search this
Gay, Walter, 1856-1937  Search this
Gervex, Henri, 1852-1929  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Healy, G. P. A. (George Peter Alexander), 1813-1894  Search this
Hebert, Antoine Auguste Ernest  Search this
Henner, Jean-Jacques, 1829-1905  Search this
Jacques, Charles  Search this
Laurens, Jean-Paul, 1838-1921  Search this
Lefebvre, Jules, 1836-1911  Search this
Maignan, Albert  Search this
Merson, Luc Olivier, 1846-1920  Search this
Morot, Aime Nicolas  Search this
Munkácsy, Mihály, 1844-1900  Search this
Puvis de Chavannes, Pierre, 1824-1898  Search this
Rochegrosse, Georges, 1859-1938  Search this
Roll, Alfred Philippe, 1846-1919  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Smith, George Walter Vincent, 1832-1923  Search this
Stevens, Alfred  Search this
Storey, G. A. (George Adolphus), 1834-1919  Search this
de Neuville, Alphonse Wane  Search this
Extent:
47 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1880-1890
Scope and Contents:
47 photographs of 43 artists in their Paris studios. Artists include: Louise Abbema, Albert Aublet, Riene Bellcourt, Jean Beraud, Paul Albert Besnard, Maurice Bompard, Leon Joseph Florentin Bonnat, Gustave Rodolphe Clarence Boulanger, William Adolphe Bouguereau, Frederick Arthur Bridgman, Alexandre Cabanel, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Georges Jules Victor Clairin, Louis Joseph Rapheal Collin, Jean-Joseph Benjamin Constant, Fernand Cormon, Gustave Courtois, Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan, Jean Baptiste Edouard Detaille, Ernest Ange Duez, Carolus Duran, Jean Alexandre Joseph Falguiere, T. R. Fleury, J. Frappa, Walter Gay, Jean Leon Gerome, Henri Gervex, George Peter Alexander Healy, Antoine Auguste Ernest Hebert, Jean Jacques Henner, Charles Jacques, Jean Paul Laurens, Jules Lefebvre, Albert Maignan, Luc Olivier Merson, Aime Nicolas Morot, Mihaly Munkacsy, Alphonse Wane de Neuville, Georges Rochegrosse, Alfred Philippe Roll, John Singer Sargent, Alfred Stevens, and George Adolphus Storey.
The studios show mainly a strong Moorish influence.
Provenance:
Donated by the George Walter Vincent Smith Museum, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1971, which had received them from a Mrs. Kirkham?, a painter who probably purchased them while studying in Paris.
Occupation:
Artists -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- France -- Paris -- Photographs  Search this
Expatriate artists -- France -- Paris -- Photographs  Search this
Function:
Artists' studios
Identifier:
AAA.photartiparis
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-photartiparis

Julian Alden Weir papers

Creator:
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
Names:
Bastien-Lepage, Jules, 1848-1884  Search this
Baude, Charles  Search this
Beckwith, J. Carroll (James Carroll), 1852-1917  Search this
Dubois, Charles  Search this
Edelfelt, Albert, 1854-1905  Search this
Ely, Caroline Alden, 1884-1974  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hinckley, Robert C., 1853-1941  Search this
Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906  Search this
Inness, George, 1825-1894  Search this
Peppercorn, A. D.  Search this
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925  Search this
Weir, John F. (John Ferguson), b. 1841  Search this
Wencker, Joseph  Search this
Whittredge, Worthington, 1820-1910  Search this
Young, Dorothy Weir  Search this
Extent:
5 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1869-1966
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence (mostly typed transcripts); scrapbooks; photographs; sketches; notebooks and scrapbooks and clippings compiled by Dorothy Weir Young in preparation for her book, The Life and Letters of J. Alden Weir (1960, Yale University Press).
REEL 70: Typescripts of 31 letters including: correspondence between Weir, his family and friends, 1881; letters to Weir from A. D. Peppercorn, Charles Baude and Robert Hinckley; letters from Weir to his parents; and correspondence with his brother John Ferguson Weir. Also included are 13 original letters, 1881, to Weir from George Inness, Worthington Whittredge, Daniel Huntington and others; 2 exhibition catalogs, 1916 & 1952; 3 indexed scrapbooks, 1892-1916, containing clippings about Weir's paintings, letters, photos and receipts; a scrapbook containing prints by Weir (often several states of each are included), untitled and undated, some of which are of family and friends; a scrapbook of prints, "Etchings- J. A. Weir, Isle of Man 1889"; sketches; photographs; and clippings.
REEL 71: Correspondence (mostly transcripts), 1869-1880, including: over 200 letters from Weir to his parents and 50 to his brother John Ferguson Weir, mostly from Paris where Julian was a student of Jean Leon Gerome and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts; letters from James Carroll Beckwith, Charles Baude, Wyatt Eaton, Jean Leon Gerome, John Singer Sargent, Albert Edelfelt, Charles Dubois, Filadelfo Simi, John Henry Twachtman, Joseph Wencker, Jules Bastien-Lepage, and his father and brother; excerpts from diaries of trips in Europe; reproductions of works of art and architectural scenes; and miscellany.
REELS 125-126: Notebooks and scrapbooks compiled by Dorothy Weir Young and clippings; catalogs; and correspondence of her sister, Mrs. Caroline Alden Ely (Mrs. Page Ely). The notebooks contain mostly typescripts of letters to and from Weir during 1882-1920, plus some photographs; original letters; and memorabilia. The scrapbooks contain photographs of Weir's works; notes; some original letters; and clippings.
REEL 577: Fragments (45 pp.) of a rough draft of Weir's biography, devoted to Weir's career from 1898 to 1900, with particular reference to the "revolt" of "The Ten" from the Society of American Artists.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, etcher, printmaker; New York, N.Y. and Connecticut. Weir was the son of painter Robert Walter Weir (1803-1889), and brother of painter John Ferguson Weir (1841-1926).
Related Materials:
Researchers should also consult the Weir family papers for additional material of and about Julian Alden Weir.
Provenance:
Material on reels 70-71 & 125-126 lent for microfilming 1971 by Mrs. Caroline Weir Ely (Mrs. Page Ely, d. 1974), sister of Dorothy Weir Young; both daughters of Julian Alden Weir. The donor of the draft of the biography on reel 577 is unspecified.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Connecticut  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.weirjuli
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-weirjuli

Ruel Pardee Tolman papers

Creator:
Tolman, Ruel P. (Ruel Pardee), 1878-1954  Search this
Names:
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
Ferris, Jean Leon Gerome, 1863-1930  Search this
Ferris, Stephen James, 1835-1915  Search this
Fielding, Mantle, 1865-1941  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Harlan, Roma C., 1912-  Search this
Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Washington D.C. -- Photographs
Date:
1887-1958
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence; photographs; index card files; books; pages from a notebook; artwork; notes and diagrams; and printed material.
Correspondence with Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, 1927-1928, Ferris's widow, 1930-1941, and others, 1926-1945, regarding Ferris's gift to the Smithsonian Institution of his prints, paintings, miscellaneous items, and works of art by his father Stephen James Ferris. Included are photos of Mrs. Ferris, Jean Leon Gerome Ferris's studio, 1939, and his brass vessel collection; 21 letters from artist Jean Leon Gerome to Stephen James Ferris (in French, 9 with translations), 1887-1903; a letter and a postcard from Gerome to J. L. G. Ferris, 1903; notes to the Ferrises from Gerome's widow, 1904; and an invitation to Gerome's memorial service, 1904.
Pages from a notebook, circa 1940, and a sketch by Tolman; a 1929 letter from Mantle Fielding, regarding miniatures by Gilbert Stuart; and correspondence between Roma Harlan and Tolman, while Tolman was Director of the National Collection of Fine Arts.
Card files on art collections, artists, dealers, collectors, sales transactions and lost paintings; photographs, mostly 1930s, of Tolman's family, dealers, collectors, galleries, places visited, Smithsonian buildings, scenes of Washington, D.C., works of art and miscellaneous subjects; the book " The Life and Works of Edward Greene Malbone, 1777-1807" by Tolman, 1958; letters, 1910-1948 and undated; notes and diagrams about color and painting; artwork, undated and 1921-1951, including etchings, prints, watercolor sketches, many produced as Christmas cards; printed material including newspaper clippings, 1910-1952 and two exhibition catalogs, 1920 and 1924. Also included are a catalog of works, undated, by Charles Gruppe, signed by Gruppe, and the book "Early American Portrait Painters in Miniature" by Theodore Bolton, 1921, signed by Tolman. A photograph of Tolman and Bolton seated, 1950, is attached to the cover page of the book.
Biographical / Historical:
Ruel P. Tolman (1878-1954) was a museum director and printmaker in Washington, D.C. Tolman was the Director of National Collection of Fine Arts, 1946-1948.
Provenance:
Card files and some photographs donated 1979 by Thomas M. Beggs, Tolman's successor as director of NCFA. Material on reels 2677 and 3480 transferred 1981 and 1986 from the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Additional unmicrofilmed material transferred 2006 and 2015 from SAAM/NPG library.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art museum directors -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.tolmruel
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tolmruel

John Haberle papers

Creator:
Haberle, John, 1856-1933  Search this
Names:
Benjamin-Constant, 1845-1902  Search this
Clairin, Georges, 1843-1919  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor), 1906-1981  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Munkácsy, Mihály, 1844-1900  Search this
Rochegrosse, Georges, 1859-1938  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 2 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1882-1985
bulk 1882-1931
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material, letters, notes and writings, a monograph design, printed material, a scrapbook, and photographs.
REEL 2813: Eighteen letters to Haberle regarding the exhibition and sale of his work, 1891-1901; and a letter from J. William Middendorf to Haberle's son-in-law, Victor Demmer, concerning a Haberle exhibition at the Whitney Museum of Art, 1966.
REEL 3753: 176 drawings, 1882-1931, and 24 commercially printed greeting cards.
UNMICROFILMED: Biographical material; an autobiographical account, 1925; letters to Haberle from colleagues discussing his work, 1870-1915; letters from Haberle to his wife Sarah "Sadie" Haberle, 1893-1898, and his daughter Vera, 1898; and letters to Vera and Victor Demmer and Gladys Haberle Fresnada concerning Haberle's work, 1960-1971, from Alfred Frankenstein and others; notes and writings including poems, 1925, musical annotations, a card file on writing, 8 pages from a travel journal, 1931, and "directions for finishing the painting donated to New Britain."
Also included are a monogram design, 1903; photographs of Haberle, members of his family, 1894, works of art, 1888, views of 2 houses, 1960, and artists in their studios including Georges Clairin, Benjamin Constant, Jean Léon Gérome, Mihaly Munkacsy, and Georges Rochegrosse; clippings, 1887-1970; a scrapbook containing greeting cards and stickers; and printed material, 1874-1932.
Biographical / Historical:
Still-life painter, art instructor; New Haven, Conn. Haberle was apprenticed to a lithography and engraving company during the 1870s, studied at the National Academy of Design between 1884 and 1885 and later founded the New Haven Sketch Club, where he also taught. He specialized in trompe l'oeil still-life paintings, producing most of this work between 1887 and 1900. Deteriorating eyesight caused him to paint broader, more traditional still-lifes and landscapes in later life.
Provenance:
Material on reel 2813 was donated 1969 by Mrs. Vera Haberle Demmer, the daughter of John Haberle. Material on reel 3753 lent, and unmicrofilmed material donated 1986 by James and Claudia Mize, descendants of Haberle.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm.
Occupation:
Painters -- Connecticut -- New Haven  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Trompe l'oeil painting  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Still-life painting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.habejohn
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-habejohn

R. H. Ives Gammell papers

Creator:
Gammell, R. H. Ives (Robert Hale Ives), 1893-1981  Search this
Names:
Bunker, Dennis Miller, 1861-1890 -- Photographs  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Paxton, William McGregor, 1869-1941  Search this
Extent:
29 Volumes ((on 3 microfilm reels))
0.4 Linear feet (Addition)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1883-1981
Scope and Contents:
REELS 4675-4677: Twenty-six diaries (1919-1981) and 3 notebooks with sketches, relating to European travel (1928-l930). There are no diaries for 1921-1928. The diaries were begun in Paris to record ideas and concepts relating to painting. They were later expanded to include reflections and thoughts about people, and they also reflect Gammell's strong interest in Jungian psychology and opera. He often used code names for people chosen from Biblical, mythological, or foreign language sources.
ADDITION: Papers, 1883-1956, comprised mainly of writings, the bulk relating to French academic painting, including 2 annotated typescripts of his Twilight of Painting (published 1946), with photo transparencies of Henri Regnault's "Automedon" for its cover. Other writings relate to Francis Thompson' poem "The Hound of Heaven" with illustrations based on a mural series by Gammell, ca. 1955-56; and to his colleague and teacher William MacGregor Paxton, "William Paxton and the End of an Epoch," (unpublished), ca. 1941-45. Also found are photographs of the Jean Léon Gérome atelier, Paris, 1883 (mounted) and of Dennis Miller Bunker.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, writer; Boston, Mass. Studied with Boston School painter William MacGregor Paxton. In 1946, Gammell's Twilight of Painting: an Analysis of Recent Trends to Serve in a Period of Reconstruction, was published. In addition to being a prolific writer, he was an allegorical painter; his major works incorporated classical, religious, imaginative, and contemporary cultural elements. A series of paintings based on Francis Thompson's poem, "Hound of Heaven" are considered to be some of his most important works. His biography of painter Dennis Miller Bunker was published in 1953.
Provenance:
Diaries and notebooks on reels 4675-4677 were lent for microfilming 1991 by Elizabeth Hunter, goddaughter of R.H. Ives Gammell. She donated additional papers 1998. Additions from Hunter are expected.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters  Search this
Topic:
Painting -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Modernism (Art)  Search this
Painting, French  Search this
Impressionism (Art)  Search this
Painting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.gammr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gammr

Charles E. Waltensperger papers

Creator:
Waltensperger, Charles E., 1871-1931  Search this
Names:
Académie des beaux-arts (France) -- Students  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1893-1931
Summary:
This small collection of scattered papers of painter and illustrator Charles E. Waltensperger measures 1.2 linear feet and dates from 1893-1931. Papers include biographical material, scattered correspondence between family members, sales records, engagement diaries, notes, sketches of the human form, printed material, and photographs of Waltensperger, his family, colleagues, and travel scenes.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and illustrator Charles E. Waltensperger date from 1893-1931 and measure 1.2 linear feet. Biographical material includes passports and membership cards, including one for the Scarab Club. Letters are generally from members of the Waltensperger family discussing travels. One letter from Waltensperger briefly mentions his studies at the Académie des Beaux Arts and his instructor, Jean-Léon Gérôme, "who is perhaps the best that ever happened. He is very severe and no fancy stuff goes with him." Business records consists primarily of receipts, but also include account books documenting sales. Also found within the papers are annotated engagement diaries, notebooks that contain addresses, notes about art, and annonated sketches, and miscellaneous notes. There is one folder of Waltensperger's artwork consisting of sketches of the human form. Printed material including clippings and exhibition catalogs relating to Waltensperger and others. Photographs found here are of Waltensperger, his family and friends, and scenes from his travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1905-1931 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 2: Letters, 1899-1931 (Box 1; 19 folders)

Series 3: Business Records, 1925-1931 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 4: Engagement Diaries, 1914-1931 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1913-1931 (Box 1; 8 folders)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1890-circa 1930 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1896-1931 (Box 1; 19 folders)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1890-circa 1930 (Box 1, 2; 25 folders)
Biographical Note:
Charles E. Waltensperger was born on April 10, 1871 in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Emily and Fred Waltensperger, a merchant.

Waltensperger studied art at the Julius Melchers School with fellow students Joseph Kraemer, Myron Barlow, and Fred Leipziger. While working as an elevator operator for the Detroit Free Press, Waltensperger made sketches of the passengers. This attracted the attention of publisher William E. Quinby, who was so impressed with his drawings that he paid Waltensperger's tuition at the school of the Detroit Museum of Art.

During the early 1890s, Waltensperger exhibited his work in a competition at the Detroit Institute of Arts and was awarded a James E. Scripps scholarship that financed his art studies for two years in Europe. He studied both at the Académie des Beaux Arts under Jean-Léon Gérôme, and at the Académie Julian in Paris in 1893. Upon his return to the United States, Waltensperger was employed as a commercial artist and worked as an illustrator for the Detroit Free Press. He also illustrated books written by M. Quad, the pseudonym of humorist Charles Bertrand Lewis.

Waltensperger later established his own studio and turned his interest to creating oil paintings, primarily of Dutch interiors. He traveled extensively in Europe and in New England. He was a member of a group of Detroit artists known as the Hopkin Club that held exhibitions at the Old Detroit Museum of Art before they established the Scarab Club.

Waltensperger never married and during the last five years of his life, ill health forced him to curtail his travels. He died of a heart attack on December 12, 1931 in Detroit.
Provenance:
The Charles E. Waltensperger papers were donated in 1973 by the artist's brother, George Waltensperger, through Mrs. Beverly Bassett who was conducting a survey of Michigan artists. In 1979, two photographs and two letters were donated.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Illustrators -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Painters -- Michigan -- Detroit  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Charles E. Waltensperger papers, 1893-1931. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.waltchar
See more items in:
Charles E. Waltensperger papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-waltchar

Thomas Eakins letters

Creator:
Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916  Search this
Names:
Couture, Thomas, 1815-1879  Search this
Crowell, Frances Eakins, b. 1848  Search this
Crowell, William J.  Search this
Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hallowell, William R.  Search this
Richards, Frederick de Bourg, 1822-1903  Search this
Sartain, William, 1843-1924  Search this
Wallace, J. Laurie (John Laurie)  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Paris (France) -- description and travel
Date:
1866-1934
Summary:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Scope and Content Note:
The letters of Thomas Eakins measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1866 to 1934. They primarily document the period between 1866 and 1869 that he spent studying art in Paris, as well as his career as a portrait artist.
Arrangement:
Due to the small size of this collection, items are categorized into one series consisting of five folders. Items are arranged chronologically.
Biographical Note:
Realist painter Thomas Eakins was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1844. He was encouraged by his parents to develop his talent in art, and in 1862 he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Also during this period Eakins developed an interest in anatomy, revealed later in the realistically detailed Gross Clinic, painted in 1875. In 1866 he moved to Paris, where he studied painting with Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for three years, and briefly with sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont and painter Léon Bonnat. He toured Spain for six months in 1870 and then returned to Philadelphia to become a portrait artist. Eakins began teaching at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and became its director of instruction in 1882. During this period he also met fellow artist Susan MacDowell and they were married in 1884. While at the Academy, he promoted a curriculum based on the study of the human figure, and began using photography as a method of study for his paintings. A dispute over the use of nude models forced Eakins to resign from the Academy in 1886, but he continued painting and exhibiting until his death in 1916.
Provenance:
Letters from Eakins to his family were donated by Dr. Caroline Crowell, daughter of Frances Eakins Crowell, and niece of Thomas Eakins. Other letters were donated in 1962 and 1963 by Irving Levitt and Lawrence Fleischman. Both accessions were microfilmed upon receipt.
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Portrait painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting, American  Search this
Portrait painting -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Citation:
Thomas Eakins letters, 1866-1934. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.eakithom
See more items in:
Thomas Eakins letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-eakithom
Online Media:

Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers

Creator:
Volk, Leonard Wells, 1828-1895  Search this
Volk, Douglas , 1856-1935  Search this
Names:
Chicago Academy of Design  Search this
Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France)  Search this
Sabatos Industries  Search this
Adler, Felix, 1851-1933  Search this
Albert, King of the Belgians, I, 1875-1934 -- Photographs  Search this
Benson, Eugene, 1837-1908  Search this
Bridge, Marion Volk  Search this
Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916 -- Photographs  Search this
Chubb, Percival, 1860-1960  Search this
Daingerfield, Elliott, 1859-1932  Search this
Douglas, Stephen Arnold, 1813-1861  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904  Search this
Hale, Philip Leslie, 1865-1931 -- Photographs  Search this
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865  Search this
Lloyd George, David, 1863-1945  Search this
Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948 -- Photographs  Search this
Volk, Gerome  Search this
Volk, Marion Larrabee, 1859-1925  Search this
Volk, Wendell  Search this
Weir, Julian Alden, 1852-1919  Search this
von Rydingsvaard, Karl  Search this
Extent:
12.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Paintings
Photographs
Sketches
Place:
Sculptors -- Maine
Date:
circa 1858-1965
2008
bulk 1870-1935
Summary:
The papers of painter and teacher Douglas Volk (1856-1935) and his father, sculptor Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895), measure 12.4 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1965, 2008, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1870-1935. Douglas Volk's papers document his life and career through biographical material, family and professional correspondence, writings and notes, diaries and journals, financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork and sketchbooks, and photographs of the artist, his family, friends, and artwork. The papers also provide documentation of the formation and operations of the Sabatos Handicraft Society established with Marion Volk from the Volk's summer home, Hewnoaks, in Center Lovell, Maine. Scattered documentation of the life and work of Leonard Wells Volk, is found in biographical material, land records, letters, memoirs, and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and teacher Douglas Volk (1856-1935) and his father, sculptor Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895), measure 12.4 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1965, 2008, with the bulk of the material dating from circa 1870-1935. Douglas Volk's papers document his life and career through biographical material, family and professional correspondence, writings and notes, diaries and journals, financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork and sketchbooks, and photographs of the artist, his family, friends, and artwork. The papers also provide documentation of the formation and operations of the Sabatos Handicraft Society established with Marion Volk from the Volk's summer home, Hewnoaks, in Center Lovell, Maine. Scattered documentation of the life and work of Leonard Wells Volk, is found in biographical material, land records, letters, memoirs, and photographs.

Douglas Volk's papers form the bulk of the collection and document all stages of his life from his first visits to Europe during his teenage years, until his death. Biographical material includes address books, biographical notes, genealogical records of Volk's family, and a warranty deed for land purchased by Marion Volk in Center Lovell, Maine, in 1904.

Family correspondence is primarily between Douglas and Marion throughout their courtship and marriage, but also includes letters from other family members including daughter Marion Volk Bridge and sons Wendell and Gerome Volk. General correspondence is with colleagues, art galleries, societies, institutions and museums, schools and colleges, government agencies, and others. Also found are letters from artists including George de Forest Brush, Elliott Daingerfield, Cass Gilbert, Philip Leslie Hale, Swedish woodcarver Karl von Rydingsvard, and J. Alden Weir; and friends Felix Adler and Percival Chubb.

Douglas Volk's writings and notes are on art, art instruction for children, and the significance and influence of his father's work, particularly Leonard Volk's Lincoln life mask, and include drafts of his monograph "Art Instruction in Public Schools."

Diaries and journals record details of Volk's early art education in Europe, including his friendships with Eugene Benson and George de Forest Brush and others, his time spent studying under Jean-Léon Gérôme at the École des Beaux Arts, his appointment by the National Art Committee to paint portraits of World War I era politicians and military figures, and his Lincoln portrait painted just prior to Volk's death.

Financial records document day-to-day routine expense, as well as sales of artwork and other art-related transactions.

Printed material and a scrapbook of clippings and letters include press coverage of Douglas Volk's career from the early 1900s to 1918. An additional scrapbook provides documentation of the Sabatos Handicraft Society, including a copy of one of only three known editions of the society's publication The Fire Fly. Artwork includes sketches, two small oil paintings, and fifteen sketchbooks of Douglas Volk.

Photographs include portraits taken at various stages of Volk's career, family photographs, photographs of the main house at Hewnoaks and additional buildings, photographs of several artists including William Merritt Chase and Karl von Rydinsgsvard, photographs of world leaders including David Lloyd George, King Albert of Belgium, and General John J. Pershing, and photographs of artwork.

The papers of Leonard Wells Volk include seven volumes of his hand-written memoirs which document his relationship with Stephen A. Douglas, his first meeting with Lincoln, and his involvement with the Chicago Academy of Design. Also found are three letters including one written to Douglas Volk in 1887, and a memorandum related to the value of Leonard Wells Volk's Lincoln and Douglas statues at the Illinois State House. Photographs include three of Leonard Wells Volk, photographs of other family members including his wife Emily, photos of houses and woodland scenes, and photos of artwork.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series.

Series 1: Douglas Volk Papers, circa 1870-1965, 2008 (11.85 linear feet; Boxes 1-12, 15-16, OVs 13-14)

Series 2: Leonard Wells Volk Papers, circa 1858-circa 1930 (0.45 linear feet; Boxes 11-12)
Biographical / Historical:
Chicago sculptor Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895) created one of only two life masks of Abraham Lincoln. His son, painter and teacher Douglas Volk (1856-1935), was known for his figure and portrait paintings. Douglas Volk and his wife Marion Larrabee Volk established the Sabatos Handicraft Society, producing homespun woolen rugs and textiles from their summer home in Center Lovell, Maine.

Leonard Wells Volk was raised in New York State and Massachusetts, before moving to St. Louis to learn modeling and drawing. Around 1852 he married Emily Clarissa King Barlow, a cousin of Senator Stephen A. Douglas. Douglas took an interest in Volk's career and helped finance his trip to Rome and Florence between 1855 and 1857, where Volk studied art. On returning from Europe Volk settled in Chicago, opening a studio there and establishing himself as a leader in art circles and a founder of the Chicago Academy of Design. He served as president of the Academy (later the School of the Art Institute of Chicago) for eight years. Volk recorded his first meeting with Lincoln during the 1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates, and the subsequent 1860 sittings with Lincoln for the life mask, hands, and bust, in his memoirs. The mask served as a model for many sculptors who made later portraits of Lincoln. Volk's other important works include the Rock Island County Soldier's Monument in Rochester, New York (1869), statues of Lincoln and Douglas for the Illinois Statehouse (1876), a bust of Douglas, and the Douglas Tomb monument (1881) in Chicago.

Douglas Volk was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts in 1856. His artistic education began in his teens when he traveled to Europe with his family. In the early 1870s he lived in Rome and Venice, spending time with his friends George de Forest Brush and J. Alden Weir. He moved to Paris in 1873 where he studied at the École des Beaux Arts with Jean-Léon Gérôme, and exhibited his first picture, In Brittany, at the 1875 Paris Salon.

In 1879 Volk returned to the United States and accepted a teaching position at Cooper Union. He was elected to the Society of American Artists in 1880 and married Marion Larrabee in 1881. In 1883 Volk became a founder of the Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts and was appointed the first president of the subsequent Minneapolis School of Fine Arts in 1886, a position he held until 1893. During his time in Minneapolis, Volk purchased a summer studio and retreat in Osceola, Wisconsin, and he and Marion had four children: Leonard (1882-1891), Wendell (1884-1953), Marion (1888-1973) and Gerome (1890-1959). In 1893 Volk returned to New York and accepted a position at the Art Students League, where he taught from 1893-1898, and also resumed his post at Cooper Union. He became interested in innovative ways to teach art and art history to children, and in 1895 the National Academy of Design printed his essay "A Plea for Art in the Public Schools," in its annual exhibition catalog. He was elected an associate of the Academy in 1898, becoming a full academician in 1899.

In 1898, looking to provide the family with a summer retreat, Marion Volk purchased property with a friend in Center Lovell, Maine, an area already enjoyed by the couple's friends, George de Forest Brush and Percival Chubb. The property was divided in 1901 and Marion added to her half creating a lot of approximately twenty-five acres. The Volks renovated the house, which they named Hewnoaks, and eventually built four more cottages and a studio for Douglas Volk on the property. During this period Marion Volk was working with handwoven wool on traditional area looms using fruit and vegetable hand-dyes and designs based on motifs from Native American art. In 1902 the Volks held the founding meeting of the Sabatos Handicraft Society at Hewnoaks, and the property became the hub of a Center Lovell community effort to produce rugs, textiles, and other handicrafts using traditional methods. Daughter Marion worked with her mother, and son Wendell, a printmaker and woodcaver, operated the Hewn Beam Press, printing pamphlets and a newsletter entitled the Fire Fly: A Periodical of Fearless Endeavour. Swedish-born wood carver Karl von Rydingsvard offered classes on wood carving at Hewnoaks, assisted by Wendell Volk.

Douglas Volk worked to make the Hewnoaks handicraft movement a success, but focused primarily on his own painting. The Maine woods provided endless inspiration and the setting for many of his paintings and murals, which primarily depicted romanticized historical subjects in Colonial America and reflected his traditional academic training. One of his best known works, The Boy with the Arrow (1903), a portrait of his son Leonard "Leo" Volk who died at the age of eight, is now in the collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum.

Volk taught at the National Academy of Design from 1910-1917. He served as recording secretary and then on the council for the organization from 1910-1919. His acclaimed intimate portraits of friends and acquaintances, including Felix Adler (1914) and William Macbeth (1917), were painted during this period. In 1919 Volk was one of a group of artists commissioned by the National Art Committee to paint major figures from World War I. He subsequently painted portraits of King Albert of Belgium, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, and General John J. Pershing, and recorded his meetings and sittings with the three men in his journals.

For the last fifteen years of his life Volk, using his father's life mask, painted a series of portraits of Abraham Lincoln, one of which hangs in the Lincoln Bedroom at The White House.

At least fifteen years prior to her death in 1925, Marion Volk's involvement in handicrafts at Hewnoaks declined, while Douglas Volk continued to focus on his own work. Wendell Volk's career in civil engineering took precedence over his interest in weaving and woodcarving and both he and his brother Gerome moved West in 1909. Following Douglas Volk's death in Fryeburg, Maine in 1935, Wendell Volk and his wife Jessie, also an artist, ultimately took possession of Hewnoaks. Wendell died in 1953, but the property was eventually bequeathed by Jessie Volk to the University of Maine and now operates as an artist colony.
Separated Materials:
Volumes 1, 3, 6-7, 9, and 10 of Leonard Volk's memoirs form part of the Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana in the Library of Congress.

The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel 4280) including correspondence of Leonard Volk and photographs of his artwork. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York first lent material for microfilming in 1989. Most of the material was then donated in 2004–2005 by Jessie J. Volk, the daughter-in-law of Douglas Volk, who also bequeathed the Volk estate including additional Volk papers to the University of Maine. In 2006, University officials arranged for an auction of much of the property of the estate including the remaining family papers. The Volk Family estate auction was conducted by Cyr Auction Co., in Gray, Maine, on July 19, 2006. Several individuals purchased parts of the papers at that auction and subsequently donated them to the Archives. Those donors are: David Wright, who acquired the 1875 journal and Brush letters and donated them to the Archives in 2006; Dr. Christine Isabelle Oaklander, who purchased the account book, 1873–1875, and donated it to the Archives in honor of Judith Ellen Throm in 2007, and also donated additional letters and a photograph in 2008; and Mary K. and John F. McGuigan Jr., who purchased correspondence (1120 letters), speeches, lectures, articles, checks, check stubs and miscellaneous items and donated them to the Archives in 2015. In 2007, the University of Maine Foundation via Amos Orcutt donated the 1934 journal and 60 photographs.

John F. McGuigan Jr. and Mary K. McGuigan have purchased and donated additional archival materials to the Archives, including the Mary K. McGuigan and John F. McGuigan Jr. artists' letters collection, and 69 letters now among the Sylvester Rosa Koehler papers.

In 2007, the University of Maine Foundation via Amos Orcutt donated the 1934 journal and 60 photographs that were part of the Volk Family estate, but not included in the June 19, 2006 auction.

In 2019 Dr. Christine Isabelle Oaklander donated additional material purchased at auction, primarily photographs and some printed material.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Maine  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- Illinois -- Chicago  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Paintings
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers, circa 1858-1965, 2008, bulk circa 1870-1935. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.volkleon
See more items in:
Douglas Volk and Leonard Wells Volk papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-volkleon
Online Media:

Gérome a collection of the works of J. L. Gérome in one hundred photogravures ed. by Edward Strahan [pseud.]

Author:
Shinn, Earl 1838-1886  Search this
Subject:
Gëröme, Jean Lëon 1824-1904  Search this
Physical description:
10 portfolios illustrations 45 cm
Type:
Books
Photogravures
Date:
1881
Call number:
N40.1.G374 S5
ND553.G47S56 1881
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_279503

Jean Leon Gerome: artist file, [photographs]

Artist:
Gerome, Jean Leon 1824-1904  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder
Type:
Photograph
Artist files
Topic:
Art, French  Search this
Image number:
VFM VF001190
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_138832

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Gerome, Jean Leon 1824-1904  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1885
Image number:
JUL J0124504
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_124505

Camels at a Watering Place [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Gerome, Jean Leon 1824-1904  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0025019
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_25020

(No Title Given) [art work] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Gerome, Jean Leon 1824-1904  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Image number:
JUL J0019028
See more items in:
Photograph Archives
Data Source:
Photograph Archives, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_19028

Charles Bargue drawing course : with the collaboration of Jean-Léon Gérôme / Gerald M. Ackerman ; with the collaboration of Graydon Parrish

Title:
Drawing course
Author:
Bargue, Charles 1826 or 1827-1883  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Ackerman, Gerald M  Search this
Parrish, Graydon 1970-  Search this
Dahesh Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Bargue, Charles 1826 or 1827-1883  Search this
Physical description:
336 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
2003
©2003
Topic:
Drawing--Study and teaching  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1096030

Scientific Metallurgy, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Gerome, Jean Leon 1824-1904  Search this
Founder:
Siot-Decauville  Search this
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: white granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Allentown Art Museum Fifth & Court Streets, P.O. Box 117 Allentown Pennsylvania 18105 Accession Number: 82.08.1
Date:
Ca. 1900. Cast after 1901
Topic:
Figure male--Full length  Search this
Allegory--Arts & Sciences--Industry  Search this
Architecture--Machine--Steam Descaler  Search this
Dress--Historic--Classical Dress  Search this
Landscape--Plant  Search this
Control number:
IAS PA001252
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_340075

The Steel Worker, (sculpture)

Sculptor:
Gerome, Jean Leon 1824-1904  Search this
Founder:
Siot-Decauville  Search this
Medium:
Sculpture: bronze; Base: white granite
Type:
Sculptures-Outdoor Sculpture
Sculptures
Owner/Location:
Allentown Art Museum Fifth & Court Streets, P.O. Box 117 Allentown Pennsylvania 18105 Accession Number: 82.08.2
Date:
1904
Topic:
Figure male--Full length  Search this
Occupation--Industry--Manufacturing  Search this
Control number:
IAS PA001253
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_340076

La vie et l'œuvre de Jean-Léon Gérôme / Gerald M. Ackerman ; préface de Jacques Foucart

Author:
Ackerman, Gerald M  Search this
Subject:
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Physical description:
351 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
In art
Place:
Middle East
Date:
1986
C1986
19th century
Topic:
Painting, French  Search this
Call number:
ND1460.E95 A38
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_870130

Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904) / organized by Bruce H. Evans ; introduction and commentaries by Gerald M. Ackerman ; essay by Richard Ettinghausen

Author:
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Ackerman, Gerald M  Search this
Dayton Art Institute  Search this
Minneapolis Institute of Arts  Search this
Walters Art Gallery (Baltimore, Md.)  Search this
Subject:
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Physical description:
104 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
1972]
Call number:
ND553.G5 A66 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_873274

Divàr mush dàrad, : mush gush dàrad / Giovanni Curatola, Maria Vittoria Fontana

Author:
Curatola, Giovanni  Search this
Fontana, Maria Vittoria Appunti sul pittore J.L. Gérom̂e  Search this
Subject:
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Masjid-i Jumʻah (Iṣfahān, Iran)  Search this
Physical description:
42 p., [5] leaves of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Date:
1985
Topic:
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
NA5997.5.I84 C87
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_877971

Monuments for a steel king / Suzanne Glover Lindsay

Author:
Lindsay, Suzanne G. 1947-  Search this
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Allentown Art Museum  Search this
Subject:
Gérôme, Jean Léon 1824-1904  Search this
Schwab, Charles M. 1862-1939  Search this
Allentown Art Museum  Search this
Physical description:
24 p. : ill ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Catalogs
Date:
2002
[2002?]
Call number:
N40.1.G374 L56 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_689201

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