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Anacostia Neighborhood Museum: 3rd Anniversary Celebration

Creator:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
Names:
Ahmad Jamal Trio  Search this
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum  Search this
The Colombians  Search this
Anderson, Stanley J.  Search this
Dale, Almore  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Hope, Marion C.  Search this
Horn, Shirley  Search this
Jamal, Ahmad, 1930-  Search this
Jones, Alton  Search this
Kinard, John, 1936-1989  Search this
Collection Creator:
Anacostia Community Museum  Search this
Extent:
3 Sound recordings (open reel, 1/4 inch)
Culture:
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Music
Awards
Place:
Anacostia (Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Date:
circa 1970
Scope and Contents:
On September 13, 1970, Stanley J. Anderson, Marion Hope, Alton Jones, and Almore Dale presented with Anacostia Neighborhood Museum (ANM) Founders' Awards. John Kinard announces night before Distinguished Service Awards were presented to Ella Fitzgerald and Dizzy Gillespie. After the presentation of his Distinguished Service Award, jazz pianist Ahmad Jamal performs with accompanists (Ahmad Jamal Trio). The trio also performs with The Colombians. The Young People's Choir of the Bethlehem Baptist Church (Anacostia) perform spirituals. A another group performs Evolution of the Black Man in Jazz which shows the changes the black man went through in music from before he came to America up until today. Other musicians perform spirituals, gospel and jazz music. Shirley Horn also performs. John Kinard speaks in celebration of the 3rd anniversay of the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum. He thanks the community, ANM's staff, and day's master of ceremonies, Tony Taylor. Kinard's short speech is followed by additional musical performances.
Award presentations and music. Part of ACM Museum Events, PR, and Ceremonies Recordings. AV003529-1: celebration begins at 002945. AV003530-1: celebration begins at 001926. AV003529-1 and AV003530-1: content overlaps [also on recordings: Musical Performance: Public School 186 from Harlem]. AV003529-2, AV003530-1, AV003530-2, and AV003438: content overlaps. Undated.
Local Numbers:
ACMA AV003529-1

ACMA AV003529-2

ACMA AV003530-1

ACMA AV003530-2
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Some items are not accessible due to obsolete format and playback machinery restrictions. Please contact the archivist at acmarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
Community museums  Search this
Museums and community  Search this
Awards  Search this
Spirituals (Songs)  Search this
Choral music  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Music
Awards
Citation:
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum: 3rd Anniversary Celebration, Record Group AV09-023, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
ACMA.09-023, Item ACMA AV003438
See more items in:
Museum Events, Programs, and Projects, 1967-1989
Museum Events, Programs, and Projects, 1967-1989 / Recording of Anacostia Neighborhood Museum opening and various anniversary celebrations
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/qa7d08afc9d-1929-4eb3-baf8-719ad93154da
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-acma-09-023-ref629

You showed me the way [music]

Composer:
Green, Bud  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
McRae, Teddy  Search this
Webb, Chick, 1909-1939  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (copy scores, 32 cm.)
Container:
Box 417, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Music
Parts (musical)
Manuscripts
Scope and Contents:
4 parts.
You showed me the way is contained in one folder consisting of 4 parts in Db Major concert -- in ink -- in identified hand (Parker).
Parts for 2 reeds - alto 4, tenor 2; 1 trumpet - 2; 1 trombone - 1. -- from the Duke Ellington Library.
Biographical / Historical:
Statement of responsibility taken from Popular Music, 1920-1979, ed. Nat Shapiro.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, Wayne Shirley, and Dr. Mark Tucker.
Unsigned Strayhorn composition.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original and master audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Music
Parts (musical)
Music -- Manuscripts
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1.25: Y
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8240a6c8e-edfd-46d6-a94f-67d259d3ac38
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref47310

A-tisket a-tasket [music]

Composer:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Webb, Chick, 1909-1939  Search this
Arranger:
Murphy, Spud  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
2 Items (manuscripts, 32 cm.)
1 Item (copy score, 32 cm.)
14 Items (conductor score and/or parts (Published sheet music), 27 cm.)
Container:
Box 3 (Series 1), Folder 13-14
Type:
Archival materials
Copy scores
Music
Parts (musical)
Piano conductor scores
Short scores
Sheet music
Date:
1938
Scope and Contents:
13 parts and an indefinite number of scores.
A-tisket a-tasket is contained in two folders consisting of 1 published two-page short score, 1 published five-page piano conductor score and 12 published parts in F Major concert, and 1 seven-page short score, 1 three-page short score and 1 part in C Major concert -- in ink and pencil -- in unidentified hands (Whaley, other?).
Folder A contains published items in F Major. Short score indicates parts for voices - tenor 1, tenor 2, baritone. Lyrics begin "I found my yellow basket, oh yes, I really did ...". Piano conductor score indicates parts for saxes, trumpet, violin, voice. Lyrics begin as above. Parts for 4 reeds - alto 1, alto 3, tenor 2, tenor 4; 3 trumpets - 1, 2, 3; 2 trombones - 1, 2; bass; drums; guitar.
Folder B contains items in C Major. Seven page short score indicates parts for flute, clarinet, tenor, trombones. Three-page short score does not indicate instrumentation and appears incomplete. Part for 1 reed - alto 3. -- from the Duke Ellington Library.
General:
Handwriting and other details have been reported based on the notes of David Berger, Andrew Homzy, Dr. Theodore Hudson, Walter van de Leur, and Mark Tucker.
Other Title:
Tisket-a-tasket.
I found my yellow basket.
Publication:
New York, N.Y., Robbins Music Corp., 1938
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original and master audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Topic:
Music -- United States -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Copy scores
Music
Parts (musical)
Piano conductor scores
Short scores
Sheet music
Collection Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Duke Ellington Collection / Series 1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1: Music Manuscripts / 1.1.2: A Titles
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85ca8e17c-f804-4e70-8687-3de634f3d321
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0301-ref36807

Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Musical History  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford Mr  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark, 1920-2015  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑ ) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e44f9017-2701-439c-ac51-9916f1092b09
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Online Media:

Ella Fitzgerald -- Downbeat Club -- NYC 1949 [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Downbeat Club  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (11" x 14".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Date:
1949
Scope and Contents:
Ella Fitzgerald at the microphone with three band members behind; photographed at the Downbeat Club in New York, New York. Title below image, left; signed below image at right.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000004.tif (AC Scan)

00044502.tif (AC Scan, duplicate)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 8.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed to: Herman Leonard Photography, LLC, 530 South Lake Avenue #503, Pasadena, CA 91101 (818) 509-8987.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Singers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection / Series 1: 11" x 14" Prints
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep831779330-cf0f-4986-80d6-f98f5161d982
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref23
Online Media:

Jazz and Big Band Collection

Creator:
Mooney, Art  Search this
Morrow, Buddy  Search this
Stacy, Jess, 1904-1995  Search this
Timbrell, Tiny, 1917-1992  Search this
Wilson, Teddy, 1912-1986  Search this
Glen Gray Band  Search this
Gabler, Milt  Search this
Fields, Shep  Search this
Dick Jurgens  Search this
James, Harry  Search this
Horace Heidt  Search this
Lombardo, Guy, 1902-1977  Search this
Kay Kyser  Search this
Duchin, Eddy, 1909-1951  Search this
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
McIntyre, Hal, -1959  Search this
Krupa, Gene, 1909-1973  Search this
Barron, Blue, 1912-2005  Search this
Elman, Ziggy  Search this
Cohasco, Inc.  Search this
Cugat, Xavier, 1900-1990  Search this
Names:
Anthony, Ray, 1922-  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1901-1971  Search this
Barnet, Charlie, 1913-1991  Search this
Beneke, Tex  Search this
Brown, Les, 1912-2001  Search this
Brubeck, Dave  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Christy, June, 1925-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Dorsey, Tommy, 1905-1956  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Frankie Laine  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Gray, Glen, 1906-1963  Search this
Henderson, Fletcher, 1897-1952  Search this
Herman, Woody, 1913-1987  Search this
Jordan, Louis, 1908-1975  Search this
Kaye, Sammy, 1910-1987  Search this
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Lee, Peggy  Search this
Lopez, Vincent, 1894-1975  Search this
Lunceford, Jimmie  Search this
MacRae, Gordon  Search this
Martin, Freddy, 1906-1983  Search this
May, Billy  Search this
Mercer, Johnny, 1909-1976  Search this
Miller, Glenn  Search this
Monroe, Vaughn, 1911-1973  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Norvo, Red, 1908-1999  Search this
Page, Patti  Search this
Ray McKinley  Search this
Rich, Buddy  Search this
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004  Search this
Shore, Dinah, 1917-1994  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Spivak, Charlie  Search this
Vallée, Rudy, 1901-1986  Search this
Vaughan, Sarah, 1924-1990  Search this
Waring, Fred, 1900-1984  Search this
Webb, Chick, 1909-1939  Search this
Weems, Ted  Search this
Welk, Lawrence, 1903-1992  Search this
Whiteman, Paul, 1890-1967  Search this
Whiting, Margaret  Search this
Extent:
1.5 Cubic feet (3 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contracts
Handbills
Matchcovers
Magazines (periodicals)
Motion picture stills
Menus
Postcards
Posters
Programs
Publicity photographs
Sheet music
Signatures (names)
Tickets
Date:
1930-1975
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of 235 pieces of music ephemera assembled by an anonymous California musicologist over several decades. The contents include such things as concert ticket stubs; show programs; handbills; publicity stills; record store posters; nightclub souvenirs; autographs; contracts, lobby cards; movie stills; postcards; fan and record industry magazines; sheet music; an oversize RKO theatre owners' advertising book for the 1942 sensation "Syncopation," starring Charlie Barnet, Benny Goodman, Harry James, Gene Krupa, et al; and miscellany such as matchbook covers and novelty promotional pieces. There are just a few letters in the collection. The collection contains materials representing both bands and band members, and individual artists. In many cases, there are only one or a few relevant items. Persons and acts represented include: Ray Anthony, Louis Armstrong, Charlie Barnet, Tex Beneke, Les Brown, Dave Brubeck, Cab Calloway, June Christy, Nat King Cole, Tommy Dorsey, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Erroll Garner, Stan Getz, Dizzy Gillespie, Benny Goodman, Glen Gray, Fletcher Henderson, Woody Herman, Harry James, Louis Jordan, Sammy Kaye, Stan Kenton, Gene Krupa, Kay Kyser, Frankie Laine, Peggy Lee, Guy Lombardo, Vincent Lopez, Jimmy Lunceford, Gordon MacRae, Freddy Martin, Billy May, Johnny Mercer, Glenn Miller, Vaughn Monroe, Gerry Mulligan, Red Norvo, Patti Page, Buddy Rich, Artie Shaw, Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Charlie Spivak, Rudy Vallee, Sarah Vaughan, Fred Waring, Chick Webb, Ted Weems, Lawrence Welk, Paul Whiteman, Margaret Whiting, and Benny Goodman. In other cases, the collection contains an item or items (such as menus) that have been autographed. The collection contains autographs or autographed items for the following: Gene Krupa, Jess Stacy, Teddy Wilson, Blue Barron, Eddie Duchin, Shep Fields, Ziggy Elman, Glen Gray Band, Milt Gabler, Horace Heidt, Dick Jurgens, Kay Kyser, Guy Lombardo, Xavier Cugat, Hal McIntyre, Art Mooney, Buddy Morrow, Harry James and "Tiny" Timbrell.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1: Magazines, 1939-1950

Series 2: Programs, 1930-1975

Series 3: Publications, 1949-1965

Series 4: Sheet Music, 1935-1943

Series 5: Advertisements, 1932-1954

Series 6: Ephemera, 1938-1953
Provenance:
Purchased at auction by the Archives Center from Cohasco, Inc. in 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Big band music  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Genre/Form:
Contracts
Handbills
Matchcovers
Magazines (periodicals)
Motion picture stills
Menus
Postcards
Posters
Programs -- Concerts
Publicity photographs
Sheet music
Signatures (names)
Tickets
Citation:
Jazz and Big Band Collection, 1927-1966, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1388
See more items in:
Jazz and Big Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8a3031d76-a023-419f-a408-0b38377fe826
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1388
Online Media:

William "Cat" Anderson Collection

Creator:
Anderson, William "Cat", 1916-1981 ((musician))  Search this
Names:
Benny Carter All Stars  Search this
Cat Anderson Quintet  Search this
Duke Ellington Orchestra  Search this
Lionel Hampton Orchestra  Search this
Mingus Quintet  Search this
Bechet, Sidney (musician)  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Carter, Benny, 1907-2003  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Hampton, Lionel  Search this
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978  Search this
Humphrey, Muriel  Search this
Johnson, Lucy Bird  Search this
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973  Search this
Tatum, Art, 1910-1956  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Extent:
5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Transcripts
Oral histories (document genres)
Oral history
Phonograph records
Photographs
Recordings
Interviews
Clippings
Audiotapes
Awards
Audiocassettes
Articles
Date:
1940-1981
bulk 1963-1977
Scope and Contents note:
Primarily audiotapes, sheet music, and photographic images. Also: correspondence, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, itineraries, awards, and ephemera.,Of particular interest are recordings or photographic images, including the personalities listed below, and President and Mrs. Tubman of Liberia; also, two interviews and three recordings of Cat Anderson as guest with various university and college jazz bands.
Arrangement:
Collection is divided into four series.

Series 1: Music

Series 2: Original tapes and recordings

Series 3: Photographs

Series 4: Miscellaneous
Biographical/Historical note:
Cat Anderson (Sept 12, 1916 - April 29, 1981) was one of the premier trumpet players of the Duke Ellington Orchestra. Known for his effortless high notes, he was a strong section leader and a great soloist whose style exhibited humor and precision. He grew up in Jenkins= Orphanage in Charleston, SC, received basic music training there, and participated in many of their famous student ensembles. He formed and played with the Cotton Pickers, a group of orphanage teens while still a young man. Before joining Ellington in 1944, he played in several big bands, including Claude Hopkins and Lionel Hampton. Anderson left the Ellington organization from 1947 through 1949 again to lead his own group. From 1959 to1961 and after 1971 Anderson free lanced, working with the Ellington orchestra intermittently. He died in 1981 after receiving honors from the US Air Force, the Prix du Disque de Jazz, and the City of Los Angeles.
Related Archival Materials:
Related artifacts include: awards, plaques, mutes, trumpet mouth pieces, and the Jon Williams/Cat Anderson simulator in the Division of Cultural and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life). See accession: 1998.3074.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the National Museum of American History in January 1998, by Dorothy Anderson, Cat Anderson's widow. It was acquired through negotiations with her, her brother, Mr. John Coffey and her nephew, Andrew Brazington. The materials were picked up from Mr. John Coffey of upper N.W. Washington, DC on January 21, 1998.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Master tapes not available to researchers.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright status of items varies. Signed copies of releases on file.
Occupation:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Topic:
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- Acoustics and physics  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Piano and synthesizer music  Search this
Inventions -- 1980-2000  Search this
Synthesizer music  Search this
Electric engineering -- 1980-2000  Search this
Band musicians  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Transcripts
Oral histories (document genres)
Oral history
Phonograph records
Photographs -- 20th century
Recordings
Interviews
Interviews -- 1950-2000
Clippings -- 20th century
Audiotapes -- 1940-1980
Awards
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Articles -- 1940-1980
Citation:
William "Cat" Anderson Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0630
See more items in:
William "Cat" Anderson Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep891a9a0e4-7c4f-4956-b81e-6d65c57e1f29
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0630
Online Media:

Annie Leibovitz Color Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, [color photoprint]

Manufacturer:
American Express (New York)  Search this
Photographer:
Leibovitz, Annie, 1949-  Search this
Names:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (1 folder, 15" x 12," in mat with Mylar overlay, 21-3/8" x 18-1/8")
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Chromogenic color prints
Color prints (photographs)
Chromogenic processes
Photographs
Date:
1988.
Scope and Contents:
Image shows Ella Fitzgerald in red dress and hat with fur (designed by Don Loper), posed with a Mercedez-Benz automobile. The picture was created for an American Express Card advertisement, ca. 1987, part of a popular "portraits" campaign for American Express, for which the photographer won the Clio Award and the Campaign of the Decade Award from Advertising Age magazine. Color printing process unidentified.
Arrangement:
1 series (single Item).
Biographical / Historical:
Born in Westport, Connecticut. Fine arts degree, San Francisco Art Institute, 1971. Leibovitz's career began in 1970, when she began photographing for Rolling Stone magazine; in 1973, she became the chief photographer. Later worked for Life, Vogue, Esquire, Time and Newsweek. In 1983 a 60-print show of her work toured Europe and the United States. The accompanying book, "Annie Leibovitz: Photographs," was a best-seller. Currently works for Vanity Fair. Published "Olympic Portraits," in June 1996 during Summer Olympic Games. Based in New York City.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Annie Leibovitz, May 19, 1997.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Photographer retains copyright. Not available from the Archives Center for reproduction.
Topic:
Automobiles  Search this
Mercedes automobile  Search this
Genre/Form:
Chromogenic color prints
Color prints (photographs)
Chromogenic processes
Photographs -- 1980-2000
Citation:
Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald by Annie Leibovitz, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of the artist.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0588
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep871fbfe49-c910-4e12-bd0c-1c00c6524e8e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0588
Online Media:

Ella Fitzgerald Papers

Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Producer:
Decca (recording company).  Search this
Verve Records (Firm)  Search this
Granz, Norman  Search this
Performer:
Jazz at the Philharmonic (Musical group)  Search this
Musician:
Betts, Keter, 1928-  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Pass, Joe, 1929-1994  Search this
Peterson, Oscar, 1925-  Search this
Names:
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Arranger:
Riddle, Nelson  Search this
Extent:
50 Cubic feet (92 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Awards
Videocassettes
Audiotapes
Programs
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Phonograph records
Photographs
Posters
16mm motion picture film
Clippings
Contracts
Greeting cards
Date:
circa 1935-1996
Summary:
Ella Fitzgerald, often called the "First Lady of Song," was one of the 20th century's most important musical performers. The collection reflects her career and personal life through photographs, audio recordings, and manuscript materials.
Scope and Contents:
The Ella Fitzgerald Papers document the performing and personal life of the "First Lady of Song." The collection contains music manuscripts, sheet music, photographs, scripts, correspondence, clippings, business records, sound recordings and video. The bulk of the materials reflect Fitzgerald's career as a singer and performer. The collection comprises materials found in Ella Fitzgerald's home at the time of her death.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 10 series.

Series 1: Music Manuscripts and Sheet Music, 1919-1973

Suberies 1.1: Television Shows

Series 2: Photographs, 1939-1990

Subseries 2.1: Ella Fitzgerald Performing Alone

Subseries 2.2: Ella Fitzgerald Performing With Others

Subseries 2.3: Publicity

Subseries 2.4: Ella Fitzgerald With Family, Colleagues, and Friends

Subseries 2.5: Ella Fitzgerald Candid Photographs

Subseries 2.6: Performing Venues

Subseries 2.7: Photographs From Friends and Fans

Series 3: Scripts, 1957-1981

Series 4: Correspondence, circa 1960-1996

Series 5: Business Records, 1954-1990

Series 6: Honorary Degrees and Awards, 1960-1996

Series 7: Concert Programs and Announcements, 1957-1992, undated

Series 8: Clippings, 1949-1997

Subseries 8.1: Magazine Articles, 1949-1997

Subseries 8.2: Newspapers, circa 19650-circa 1990

Series 9: Emphemera, 1950-1996

Subseries 9.1: Album Jackets

Subseries 9.2: Miscellaneous

Series 10: Audiovisual, 1939-1995

Subseries 10.1: Sound Discs: Test Pressings, Transcription Discs, and Performer Copies

Subseries 10.2: Commercial Sound Recordings

Subseries 10.3: Demonstration Sound Discs: Other Artists

Subseries 10.4: Videotapes
Biographical / Historical:
Born in Newport News, Virginia on April 25th, 1918, Ella Fitzgerald was sent to an orphanage in Yonkers, New York at the age of six. In 1934, she was discovered as a singer in New York's famed Apollo Theater Amateur Contest. This led to a stint with drummer Chick Webb's Band, with whom she recorded her first big hit, "A -tisket A-tasket" in 1938.

After Webb died in 1939, Fitzgerald took over leadership of the band for three years, during which time they were featured on a live radio series. She then embarked upon a solo career, which included recording for Decca Records, and in 1946, she began a pivotal association with producer Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic series, which brought her a large international following.

In 1956, Fitzgerald left Decca Records to join Granz's newly formed Verve label. Among her notable Verve recordings were a series of "songbooks" featuring the work of major American composers such as Cole Porter, George Gershwin, and Harold Arlen as well as classic collaborations with Count Basie and Duke Ellington. Fitzgerald's toured and performed extensively and her immense popularity also led to appearances on television, in movies, and in commercials and magazine ads.

Despite increasing health problems, Fitzgerald continued to tour, perform and record into her seventies with musicians such as guitarist Joe Pass, arranger-producer Quincy Jones, and pianist Oscar Peterson. Throughout her life, Fitzgerald was active in charitable work with particular emphasis on the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation and the Ella Fitzgerald and Harriette E. Shields Child Care Centers.

Ella Fitzgerald was admired and honored world-wide. In addition to receiving more than a dozen Grammy awards, she was awarded numerous honorary degrees and many states and cities had commemorative Ella Fitzgerald days. Fitzgerald was a Kennedy Center honoree in 1979 and Harvard University's Hasty Pudding Club named her "Woman of the Year" in 1982.

The "First Lady of Song" died on June 17, 1996, of complications from diabetes.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Benny Carter Collection, 1928-2000 (AC0757)

Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, 1940s-1993 (AC0979)

Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection, 1992-2012 (AC0808)

Milt Gabler Papers, 1927-2001 (AC0849)

Tad Hershorn Collection, 1956-1991 (AC0680)

Ernie Smith Jazz Film Collection, circa 1910- circa 1970 (AC0491)
Separated Materials:
"The National Museum of American History, Division of Culture and the Arts (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) holds Ella Fitzgerald artifacts including costumes and clothing.

"
Provenance:
The collection was donated by the Fitzgerald 1989 Trust, Richard Rosman, trustee on April 14, 1997. The Ella Fitzgeral Charitable Foundation is the successor to the Fitzgerald 1989 Trust.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Awards
Videocassettes
Audiotapes
Programs -- 1930-2000
Sound recordings
Sound recordings -- 1930-1990
Manuscripts -- Music -- 20th century
Phonograph records
Photographs -- 20th century
Posters -- 20th century
16mm motion picture film
Clippings -- 20th century
Contracts
Greeting cards
Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0584
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b30d86b3-2935-49c8-b13c-faf206402d9c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0584
Online Media:

Hotel and Travel Receipts

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8fdbd044f-4881-42e2-888b-83de81c0d57f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1052

International Work Permits

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b9de07a9-cc30-43c8-88fe-0a500e021e45
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1053

Financial Records and Information

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e5aa3a73-6d5e-4c6b-9877-970ff83f3679
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1054

Memberships: American Guild of Variety Artists, ASCAP, American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, Screen Actors Guild

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87b6364ec-9cfd-4430-9e2b-96a2226f0135
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1055

Song Title Lists for Performances

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84ae88626-9674-4bf0-b242-00f6b245888c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1056

Lyrics to Songs Performed

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Handwritten by Fitzgerald.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d90fa179-a62c-4012-a5f8-7abacf0b30f6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1057

General Business Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep83b87c23f-26b7-4591-838d-b77fddc7053d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1058

Miscellaneous Notes

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b81d0d3d-d35b-4369-a3ee-e4adde1801b0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1059

Publicity

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f9eded12-c51e-4f0d-8ba0-2d32cfe2b554
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1060

Promotional

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ff28ace7-bf4f-440c-9308-60dddd44f806
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1061

Business Cards

Collection Creator:
Fitzgerald, Ella, 1917-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 44
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Only reference copies of audiovisual materials can be used.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ella Fitzgerald Papers
Ella Fitzgerald Papers / Series 5: Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f1ad64b3-cd0c-4531-a183-fa93fa28cb61
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0584-ref1062

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