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Oral history interview with Paul Marioni, 2006 September 18-19

Interviewee:
Marioni, Paul, 1941-  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Subject:
Ben Tré, Howard  Search this
Blaine, Sandy  Search this
Bolles, John S.  Search this
Bosworth, Thomas L. (Thomas Lawrence)  Search this
Brychtová, Jaroslava  Search this
Chihuly, Dale  Search this
Dreisbach, Fritz  Search this
Libenský, Stanislav  Search this
Lipofsky, Marvin  Search this
Marioni, Dante  Search this
Marquis, Richard  Search this
McCann, Cecile  Search this
Milhoan, Randy  Search this
Nelson, Gunvor  Search this
Nelson, Robert A.  Search this
North, Judy  Search this
Signoretto, Pino  Search this
Sindler, Allan P.  Search this
Sindler, Leonore  Search this
Troutner, Ann Margaret  Search this
Vallien, Bertil  Search this
A.C. Fischer Glashütte  Search this
California College of Arts and Crafts  Search this
College of Marin  Search this
Glass Art Society  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Penland School of Handicrafts (Penland, N.C.)  Search this
Pilchuck Glass Center (Stanwood, Wash.)  Search this
San Francisco State University  Search this
Spectrum Glass Co.  Search this
University of Cincinnati  Search this
University of Dayton  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art -- Political aspects  Search this
Cast glass  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass art  Search this
Glass art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Glass art -- Technique  Search this
Glass artists -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Parenting  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13577
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)265439
AAA_collcode_marion06
Theme:
Craft
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_265439
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Paul Marioni

Interviewee:
Marioni, Paul  Search this
Interviewer:
Riedel, Mija, 1958-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
A.C. Fischer Glashütte  Search this
California College of Arts and Crafts -- Faculty  Search this
College of Marin -- Faculty  Search this
Glass Art Society  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Penland School of Handicrafts (Penland, N.C.) -- Faculty  Search this
Pilchuck Glass Center (Stanwood, Wash.) -- Faculty  Search this
San Francisco State University -- Students  Search this
Spectrum Glass Co.  Search this
University of Cincinnati -- Students  Search this
University of Dayton -- Students  Search this
Ben Tré, Howard, 1949-2020  Search this
Blaine, Sandy  Search this
Bolles, John S., 1905-  Search this
Bosworth, Thomas L. (Thomas Lawrence), 1930-  Search this
Brychtová, Jaroslava, 1924-  Search this
Chihuly, Dale, 1941-  Search this
Dreisbach, Fritz  Search this
Libenský, Stanislav, 1921-2002  Search this
Lipofsky, Marvin, 1938-2016  Search this
Marioni, Dante, 1964-  Search this
Marquis, Richard, 1945-  Search this
McCann, Cecile  Search this
Milhoan, Randy  Search this
Nelson, Gunvor  Search this
Nelson, Robert A.  Search this
North, Judy, 1937-  Search this
Signoretto, Pino, 1944-  Search this
Sindler, Allan P.  Search this
Sindler, Leonore  Search this
Troutner, Ann Margaret  Search this
Vallien, Bertil, 1938-  Search this
Extent:
11 Items (Sound recording: 11 sound files (8 hrs., 18 min.), digital, wav)
112 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Europe -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Mexico -- description and travel
South America -- description and travel
Thailand -- description and travel
Date:
2006 September 18-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Paul Marioni conducted 2006 September 18-19, by Mija Riedel, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at the artist's home and studio, Seattle, Washington. Marioni speaks of his childhood in Ohio; excelling in math as a young student; being labeled a troublemaker in high school; his interest and skill in fixing cars and motorcycles; attending the University of Dayton, the University of Cincinnati, and San Francisco State University; receiving bachelor's degrees in English and philosophy; an interest in filmmaking; the joys and struggles of raising two children by himself; his unorthodox parenting philosophy; learning glass techniques from Judy Raffeal North; teaching experiences at College of Marin, California College of Arts and Crafts, Pilchuck Glass School, and Penland School of Crafts, among others; the importance of fostering idea formation and creativity in educational institutions; his experiences as Artist-in-Residence at A.C. Fischer Glashutte and Spectrum Glass Co.; the development of his process for producing cast glass; the great number of public architectural commissions that resulted from the ability to work with cast glass; the more than 85 commissions he has completed alone and in collaboration with Ann Troutner; the difference between his gallery work and commission work; the pleasure he gets from working in the studio; travels throughout Europe, South America, Japan, Thailand, Mexico; his use of ambient light; strong responses received from his political artwork; his dislike of art critics; the vital role Glass Art Society played in supporting the studio glass art movement; the emphasis of human nature in his art; and plans for the future. Marioni also recalls Robert Nelson, Gunvar Nelson, John Bolles, Cecile McCann, Marvin Lipofsky, Dale Chihuly, Tom Bosworth, Fritz Dreisbach, Richard Marquis, Howard Ben Tré, Bertil Vallien, Jaroslava Brychtová, Stanislav Libenský, Randy Milhoan, Dante Marioni, Pino Signoretto, Sandy Blaine, Allan and Lenore Sindler, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul Marioni (1941- ) is a glass artist from Seattle, Washington. Mija Riedel (1958- ) is a curator and writer, from San Francisco, California.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 11 digital wav files. Duration is 8 hrs., 18 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Art critics  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Political aspects  Search this
Cast glass  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Glass art  Search this
Glass art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Glass art -- Technique  Search this
Glass artists -- Washington (State) -- Seattle -- Interviews  Search this
Parenting  Search this
Politics in art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.marion06
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-marion06

Women's Films, All of Our Futures

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 21 Feb 2020 12:49:00 -0500
Topic:
Art  Search this
See more posts:
Eye Level Blog
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_bf0a0cb9c3d46b8b73b5e8a5de182f24

The Federal Express Advertising History Collection

Interviewer:
Ellsworth, Scott, Dr.  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Fallon McElligott Advertising Agency  Search this
Federal Express Corporation  Search this
Names:
Ally & Gargano, Inc. (advertising agency)  Search this
Collector:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Interviewee:
Ally, Carl  Search this
Altenburg, Nancy  Search this
Burnham, Patrick  Search this
Frazier, Sharon  Search this
Gargano, Amil  Search this
Kelly, Patrick  Search this
Miller, William B.  Search this
Moschitta, John (actor)  Search this
Oliver, Tom  Search this
Presley, Carol  Search this
Sedelmaier, Joe (filmmaker)  Search this
Smith, Fred  Search this
Tesch, Mike  Search this
Williams, Carl  Search this
Extent:
6.6 Cubic feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Oral history
Commercials
Videotapes
Clippings
Storyboards
Posters
Audiocassettes
Abstracts
Advertisements
Audiotapes
Place:
Memphis (Tenn.)
Minneapolis (Minn.)
Chicago (Ill.)
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Date:
1972-1989
Summary:
Created in 1971, the Federal Express Corporation, an overnight air freight delivery system was an innovative company known for its memorable advertising campaigns. The core of the Federal Express Advertising History Collection is a series of interviews conducted in 1988 by Dr. Scott Ellsworth. Twenty-five individuals associated with Federal Express advertising were interviewed about the company and its award-winning advertising.
Scope and Contents:
The Federal Express Advertising Collection documents the dvelopment of the overnight air freight delivery company with particular emphasis on the innovative advertising campaigns used to introduce and promote the company's services. The oral histories with individuals associated with both Federal Express Corporation and the advertising agencies form the core of the collection. Abstracts that provide biographical information and summaries of the interviews supplement the oral histories. Research files and company publications provide background information. Television commercials and print advertising contain examples, particularly illustrating the campaigns discussed in the interviews.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1, Research Files, 1972-1988

Subseries 1.1, Federal Express Clippings Files

Subseries 1.2, Federal Express Research Reports

Subseries 1.3, Research Files

Series 2, Interviewee Files, 1988

Series 3, Oral History Interviews, 1988

Subseries 3.1, Original Interviews

Subseries 3.2, Researcher Copies

Subseries 3.3, Masters

Series 4, Television Advertising, 1973-1989

Subseries 4.1, Television Commercials

Subseries 4.2, Storyboards

Subseries 4.3, Slides and Photographs

Series 5, Print Advertising, 1972-1988

Subseries 5.1, Federal Express Print Advertising

Subseries 5.2, Federal Express Mechanicals

Subseries 5.3, Slides of Mechanicals and International Marketing

Subseries 5.4, Federal Express Posters

Subseries 5.5, Print Reference Materials

Series 6, Public Relations Materials, 1973-1988

Series 7, Company Publications, 1973-1988

Series 8, Miscellaneous, Undated
Biographical / Historical:
In 1971, Fred Smith of Memphis, Tennessee created the Federal Express Corporation, an overnight air freight delivery system. He based his idea for a new approach to the air freight delivery service on the "hub and spoke system." According to Smith's innovative model, a fleet of airplanes would fly packages from cities across the nation each evening to a central "hub" in Memphis, where the parcels would be unloaded, sorted, and re-loaded onto other planes for travel to their final destinations. Smith's objective was two-fold: to expedite delivery of the parcels and to ensure their security in the process.

In 1977, Congress passed the Air Cargo Deregulation Act. This enabled Federal Express to fly much larger planes and to expand its business without substantial capital investment. During its first decade of existence, the corporation achieved remarkable success, enjoying its first billion-dollar revenue in 1981.

Federal Express originally employed two advertising agencies: Ally & Gargano, Inc. of New York City (1974-1987) and Fallon McElligott of Minneapolis (1987 - 1994). In its early years, Federal Express was attracted to Ally & Gargano due to the agency's small size and its entrepreneurial spirit. Fred Smith believed these traits would foster the creativity necessary for original and effective advertising to introduce Federal Express. It was the responsibility of the agency to convince customers not only to abandon such incumbants in the industry as Emery, United Parcel Service and the U.S. Postal Service, but also to trust Federal Express, a newcomer.

Ally & Gargano targeted the professional community and the general public through print advertisements and television commercials. Especially in the latter medium, the agency used humor as its primary marketing technique, emphasizing competitors' "slowness" and "unreliability." In 1981, the agency launched a series of widely acclaimed ads with John Moschitta as the "Fast Talking Man." The slogan "When it absolutely, positively has to be there overnight" seen at the close of most commercials served as a practical reminder of Federal Express' function.

Federal Express moved its account from Ally & Gargano to Fallon McElligott in 1987. Fallon McElligott's first television campaign used the phrase "It's more than just a package -- it's your business" and depicted scenes of different work environments. The campaign stressed the seriousness with which Federal Express handled its customers' parcels. In 1988, Federal Express was a sponsor of the Winter Olympics.
Related Materials:
Ally and Gargano, Inc. Print Advertisements (AC0938)
Provenance:
Made by the Smithsonian Institution and donated by the Federal Express Corporation, 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Television advertising  Search this
Advertising campaigns  Search this
advertising -- History  Search this
Broadcast advertising  Search this
Service industries  Search this
Overnight delivery service  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- Freight  Search this
Business -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews -- 1970-1990
Oral history
Commercials
Videotapes
Clippings
Storyboards
Posters
Audiocassettes
Abstracts
Advertisements
Audiotapes
Citation:
The Federal Express Advertising History Collection, 1972-1989, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smiithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0306
See more items in:
The Federal Express Advertising History Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0306

Dwinell Grant papers, 1923-1988

Creator:
Grant, Dwinell, 1912-  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Video recordings
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9761
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212156
AAA_collcode_grandwin
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212156

Ben Caldwell Oral History Interview

Created by:
Civil Rights History Project, American, founded 2009  Search this
Interview of:
Ben R. Caldwell, American  Search this
Interviewed by:
David P. Cline Ph. D., American, born 1969  Search this
Subject of:
L.A. Rebellion, American, 1967 - 1989  Search this
University of California, Los Angeles, American, founded 1919  Search this
Medium:
digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 02:07:24
Type:
video recordings
oral histories
digital media - born digital
Place collected:
Los Angeles, California, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
New Mexico, United States, North and Central America
Date:
April 11, 2013
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
American West  Search this
Art  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Education  Search this
Film  Search this
Military  Search this
Social reform  Search this
United States--History--1969-2001  Search this
Vietnam War, 1961-1975  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture in partnership with the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Object number:
2011.174.77.1a-f
Restrictions & Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture and The American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Civil Rights History Project
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a30b4029-8050-4b75-bc27-290c90a6eb6f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.174.77.1a-f

Blues for Mr. Charlie

Title:
Play script belonging to James Baldwin
Written by:
James Baldwin, American, 1924 - 1987  Search this
Used by:
Actors Studio, American, founded 1947  Search this
Received by:
Bill Gunn, American, 1934 - 1989  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper (fiber product), imitation leather
Dimensions:
11 1/2 x 8 3/4 x 7/8 in. (29.2 x 22.2 x 2.2 cm)
Type:
scripts (documents)
Place used:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1964
Topic:
African American  Search this
Civil Rights  Search this
Drama (Theatre)  Search this
Literature  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.57.19
Restrictions & Rights:
© Estate of James Baldwin. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd59c59d759-b4e8-43af-a30f-10fa77f40bf4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.57.19
Online Media:

Dwinell Grant papers

Creator:
Grant, Dwinell, 1912-  Search this
Names:
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Rebay, Hilla, 1890-1967  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet ((on 4 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Date:
1923-1988
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; correspondence; business records; writings; printed material; photograph albums; sketchbooks; and videocassettes.
REELS 4152-4153: Biographical material including a fraternity membership card, 6 resumes, a biographical account, a transcript of an interview of Grant, award certificates, and a diploma; correspondence, primarily dealing with Hilla Rebay of the Guggenheim Foundation from whom Grant received funding for film projects, and including project proposals and financial accounts, some letters also deal with the medical films he produced; letters and financial records concerning the sale of his paintings through the Olympia Gallery, Martin Diamond Fine Arts, Inc., and the Graham Gallery;
typescript writings expressing Grant's thoughts on art and religion; clippings; 17 programs from plays produced at Wittenberg College; 11 exhibition announcements and catalogs; 7 press releases; and 13 brochures and fliers concerning Grant's medical and other filmmaking projects; and two videotapes PROFILE OF DWINELL GRANT from "Profiles in Excellence" conducted by Gary Perdue, and an interview with Grant for ART BEAT;
REELS 4154-4155: writings, mostly from the 1980s, expressing Grant's thoughts and philosophies concerning himself and his art work, sometimes presented in the format of a journal; one album containing photographs of Grant, his family and friends, and nine albums of photographs of works and of gallery installations, annotated with information on sales, experiments with light, including a formula for stereoscopic drawing, notes on abstract films, medical illustrations, and dream fantasies; and two sketchbooks containing abstract drawings.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, filmmaker; New York, N.Y. and New Hope, Pa. Born and raised in Ohio, Grant received early art training from his grandfather, Paul E. Henking. He also studied at the Dayton Art Institute and the National Academy of Design. In 1935, he began teaching at Wittenberg College in Ohio. He was primarily influenced by his association with Hilla Rebay and the Museum of Non-Objective Art (the Guggenheim), and from 1944-1948 worked on an unfinished film project for the Guggenheim. In 1947, he began producing medical teaching films and supplemented his income with work on medical books, while continuing to work on his paintings.
Provenance:
Loan, Reels 4154-4155: All material was assembled and edited by the donor specifically for microfilming by the Archives. The writings were copied into the notebook by Grant from other sources.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Filmmakers -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Video recordings
Identifier:
AAA.grandwin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-grandwin

Eve Propp papers regarding Joseph Cornell

Creator:
Propp, Eve  Search this
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1966-1994
Summary:
The Eve Propp papers regarding artist Joseph Cornell date from 1966-1994 and measure 1 linear foot. This small collection documents the relationship between Eve Propp, a gallerist, and Joseph Cornell. The two maintained a friendship through frequent letters and visits. The papers consist of approximately sixty letters from Cornell to Propp from 1968-1972, letters from others, notes on Propp's visits to Cornell, printed material, and photographic material.
Scope and Contents:
The Eve Propp papers regarding artist Joseph Cornell date from 1966-1994 and measure 1 linear foot. This small collection documents the relationship between Eve Propp, a gallerist, and Joseph Cornell. The two maintained a friendship through frequent letters and visits. The papers consist of approximately sixty letters from Cornell to Propp from 1968-1972, letters from others, notes on Propp's visits to Cornell, printed material, and photographic material.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as a single series.

Series 1: Eve Propp papers regarding Joseph Cornell, 1966-1994 (1 linear foot; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
Eve Propp befriended artist Joseph Cornell (1903-1972) while operating a short lived gallery in New York, N.Y. She visited him at his home on Wednesdays from 1969-1970. She now resides in upstate New York.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are the Joseph Cornell papers. The bulk of Cornell's source material resides in the Joseph Cornell Study Center, Smithsonian American Art Museum, along with his library and record collection.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives of American Art in 2017 by Eve Propp.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Eve Propp papers regarding Joseph Cornell are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Assemblage artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Gallery owners -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Citation:
Eve Propp papers regarding Joseph Cornell, 1966-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.propeve
See more items in:
Eve Propp papers regarding Joseph Cornell
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-propeve

Underworld

Title:
16mm motion picture film of Underworld
Created by:
Oscar Micheaux, American, 1884 - 1951  Search this
Written by:
Oscar Micheaux, American, 1884 - 1951  Search this
Owned by:
Pearl Bowser, American, born 1931  Search this
Medium:
acetate film
Dimensions:
Duration: 70 Minutes
Length (Film), Reel 1: 1250 Feet
Length (Film), Reel 2: 1300 Feet
Type:
motion pictures (information artifacts)
Place filmed:
Harlem, New York City, New York County, New York, United States, North and Central America
Place depicted:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1937
Topic:
African American  Search this
American South  Search this
Business  Search this
Film  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Race films  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Violence  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Pearl Bowser
Object number:
2012.79.1.33.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Public Domain
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Pearl Bowser Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f66b3aa8-fc56-440f-a7a6-a8d2531949a5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.79.1.33.1ab

Hildreth Meière papers

Creator:
Meiere, M. Hildreth, d. 1961  Search this
Names:
Exposition internationale (1937 : Paris, France)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)  Search this
Peter A. Juley & Son  Search this
United States. Navy  Search this
Abbott, Berenice, 1898-1991  Search this
Dunn, Louise Meière  Search this
Extent:
27.3 Linear feet
0.068 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Slides (photographs)
Transcripts
Video recordings
Photographs
Poetry
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Place:
Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939
Date:
1901-2011
bulk 1911-1960
Summary:
The papers of Hildreth Meière measure 27.3 linear feet and 0.068 GB and date from 1901 to 2011, with the bulk of material dating from 1911 to 1960. The collection documents Meière's life and travels, and her long and prolific career as an architectural muralist through biographical material, correspondence, writings, thirteen diaries, files regarding her war relief work during the Spanish Civil War and World War II, printed and digital materials, extensive photographs and slides, eight sketchbooks, and two videocassettes and 93 reels of motion picture film documenting her travels, her volunteer efforts in Spain following the civil war, artwork, and home movies.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Hildreth Meière measure 27.3 linear feet and 0.068 GB and date from 1901 to 2011, with the bulk of material dating from 1911 to 1960. The collection documents Meière's life and travels, and her long and prolific career as an architectural muralist through biographical material, correspondence, writings, thirteen diaries, files regarding her war relief work during the Spanish Civil War and World War II, printed and digital materials, extensive photographs and slides, eight sketchbooks, and two videocassettes and 93 reels of motion picture film documenting her travels, her volunteer efforts in Spain following the civil war, artwork, and home movies.

Biographical material includes an autobiographical narrative written by Meière, her many awards and certificates, membership information, passports, her U.S. Navy service records from World War I, documentation of her brief marriage and family genealogy, obituaries, and memorial service documentation. Also found are extensive writings and research conducted by Meière's daughter, Louise Meière Dunn, which include a complete list of Meière's commissions, detailed biographical narratives, and records of Meière's works held elsewhere.

The papers contain Meière's personal and family correspondence, travel correspondence, and business correspondence regarding professional activities. Much of the correspondence with family and friends was written during Meière's extensive travels over the world. Both family and travel correspondence have extensive indexes, summaries, and in some cases, transcripts prepared by Meière's daughter, Louise Meière Dunn. Some of the indexes, summaries and transcripts are digital. Writings include poetry and diaries kept during childhood and school years, travel diaries, essays and talks written about Meière's work, writings Meière prepared for committees of the National Mural Painters Association, and detailed travelogues of her trips to Constantinople and the Balkans in 1933, to Russia in 1936, her "Grand Tour" to Australia, Southeast Asia, India, Africa, and Europe in 1952-1953, and her "Holy Land" tour of the Middle East in 1954.

Civilian War Service Records document Meière's efforts at war relief organization during and after the Spanish Civil War and during World War II. The Spanish Civil War files include extensive photographs provided by the Spanish government as well as three motion picture films documenting refugees and damaged architecture and public artwork shot by Meière during a trip sponsored by Franco's government. World War II activities concern Meière's efforts to organize artists in the United States to design and execute murals and other works of public art at military facilities around the U.S.

Travel records include maps, ephemera, slides, and 83 motion picture films taken on trips abroad between 1933 and 1958. Trips include Eastern and Western Europe, the Mediterranean Region and the Middle East, South America, Mexico and Guatemala, India, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Scandinavia, and the UK. The motion picture films are mostly shot in Kodachrome color and many contain intertitles prepared by Meière to identify locations for travel lectures.

Printed materials consist primarily of clippings and publications that reference Meière's work, contain profiles of her, or contain published writings by her. A single published educational film is also found, given to her by an Australian filmmaker friend. Additional photographs, digital photographs and moving images include personal photographs of Meière, with portraits by Peter A. Juley and Sons and Berenice Abbott, photographs of many of her commissioned works, and a few photographs of artwork by others. Home movies show Meière with friends in 1926 and 1940. Among the photographic documentation of artworks by Meière and others are motion picture films of the 1939 New York World's Fair, the D.C. Municipal Building Frieze, and the 1937 Paris Fair; also found are 311 lantern slides and 201 glass copy negatives of her own completed works as well as murals she documented while traveling, notably murals in Norway and Oberammergau, Bavaria, taken in the 1930s.

Eight sketchbooks date to her early years as an art student and artist and include many figure studies, landscapes, and theatrical sketches made at home and abroad.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 8 series. Indexes, summaries, and transcripts prepared by Louise Meière Dunn that relate directly to archival materials in the collection are found throughout the collection with the material they describe. These indices are particularly rich in Series 2, Correspondence.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1915-2003 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 1, 14, OV18)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1901-2011 (3 linear feet; Boxes 1-4, RD19, 0.038 GB; ER01-ER03)

Series 3: Writings, 1904-1960 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 4-5)

Series 4: Civilian War Service Records, 1938-2006 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 5-6, 15, FC 28-30)

Series 5: Travel Records, 1933-1958 (12.8 linear feet; Boxes 6-10, 15, OV18, FC 31-111)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1913-1998 (2.1 linear feet; Boxes 10-12, 15, FC 112)

Series 7: Photographs and Moving Images, 1915-1966 (5.8 linear feet; Boxes 12-13, 16, 20-27, FC 17, 113-127, 0.029 GB; ER04)

Series 8: Sketchbooks, 1911-1922 (0.4 linear feet; Box 13)
Biographical / Historical:
Hildreth Meière (1892-1961) was born in Flushing, New York, and had a prolific career from 1921-1961 as an architectural muralist working primarily in an Art Deco style. Meière painted murals and designed for various mediums including mosaic, metal, and stained glass. In 1956 the American Institute of Architects awarded Meière their Fine Arts Medal.

Meière was educated at New York's Convent of the Sacred Heart, Manhattanville, the Art Students League in New York, the California School of Fine Arts (now San Francisco Art Institute), and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, in addition to pursuing studies in Italy. Her major commissions include the Nebraska State Capitol at Lincoln, the National Academy of Sciences, the Resurrection Chapel of the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. In New York, she designed the Art Deco plaques on the exterior wall of Radio City Music Hall; created mosaic interiors for the Irving Trust Building at 1 Wall Street; and provided ecclesiastical decorations for St. Patrick's Cathedral, St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church, Temple Emanu-El, and elsewhere. She also created murals for the Chicago 1933 Century of Progress Fair, and the 1939 New York World's Fair.

She was also an active officer in the Art Students League and the National Society of Mural Painters. Some of her most inspired collaborations were with the architect Bertram Goodhue in the 1920s, and only his sudden death in 1924 put an end to them, although some projects were finished with the successor firm.

Meière died in 1961 at the age of 68. Her work is remembered in several major publications, including The Art Deco Murals of Hildreth Meière by Catherine Coleman Brawer and Kathleen Murphy Skolnik, with photographs by Meière's granddaughter, Hildreth Meière Dunn, published in 2014; and the catalog of the 2009 exhibition at St. Bonaventure University, curated by Brawer and photographed by Dunn, entitled Walls Speak: the Narrative Art of Hildreth Meière.
Provenance:
A majority of the collection placed on deposit 2001 by Louise Meière Dunn, daughter of Hildreth Meière. The collection was donated incrementally by Dunn through 2012. Donations occurred 2001-2007, and again in 2010-2012.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires and appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Hildreth Meière papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
War relief  Search this
Travel  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War I, 1914-1918  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Mosaicists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art commissions  Search this
Motion pictures (visual works)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Transcripts
Video recordings
Photographs
Poetry
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Hildreth Meière papers, 1901-2011, bulk 1911-1960. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.meiemari
See more items in:
Hildreth Meière papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-meiemari
Online Media:

Wallpocket

Culture/People:
Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Possible collector:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Seller:
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Object Name:
Wallpocket
Media/Materials:
Dogbane fiber, silk ribbon, dye/dyes, cornhusk
Techniques:
Dyed, twined, false-embroidered, sewn
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Idaho; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
15/4746
Barcode:
154746.000
See related items:
Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62728e056-8ec1-4e8c-8b35-4d493848ae76
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_166046
Online Media:

Bow

Culture/People:
Nahukuá (Nahuqua)  Search this
Collector:
Commander George Miller Dyott (G.M. Dyott), Non-Indian, 1883-1972  Search this
Previous owner:
Commander George Miller Dyott (G.M. Dyott), Non-Indian, 1883-1972  Search this
Donor:
Commander George Miller Dyott (G.M. Dyott), Non-Indian, 1883-1972  Search this
Object Name:
Bow
Media/Materials:
Wood, cordage
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Place:
Rio Culuene (Rio Xingu headwaters); Mato Grosso State, Central-West Region; Brazil
Catalog Number:
18/5739
Barcode:
185739.000
See related items:
Nahukuá (Nahuqua)
Hunting/Fishing/Warfare
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69d27be2a-5cc8-4989-a345-5122eb698022
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_198650
Online Media:

Figure (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Witoto  Search this
Expedition:
Wenner-Gren Scientific Expedition to Hispanic America (1940-1941) (Wenner-Gren Peru Expedition)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Dr. Paul Fejos (Pál Fejös), Non-Indian, 1897-1963  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Axel Wenner-Gren, Non-Indian, 1881-1961  Search this
Donor:
Viking Fund, Incorporated (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.), 1941-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood, human hair, paint
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Dimensions:
74 cm
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Native Term:
hánnáre
Place:
Río Amazonas (Amazon River) area near frontiers of Peru, Colombia, and Brazil; Río Ampiyacu; Maynas Province; Loreto Region; Peru
Catalog Number:
20/4781
Barcode:
204781.000
See related items:
Witoto
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6abcfb330-c6a6-410c-bd23-da8384e4438d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218718

Breastplate

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Possible collector:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Seller:
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Object Name:
Breastplate
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, brass beads, shell beads, shell/shells, hide, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Strung
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
15/4736
Barcode:
154736.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws669d5cec2-2619-4243-af0b-5ed5d3c0fbbc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_166036
Online Media:

Canteen

Culture/People:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Possible collector:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Previous owner:
Joseph Kossuth Dixon (Joseph K. Dixon), Non-Indian, 1856-1926  Search this
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Seller:
Edith R. Dixon (Edith Sloane Reid/Mrs. Joseph Kossuth Dixon), Non-Indian, 1891-1969  Search this
Object Name:
Canteen
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Place:
Arizona; USA
Catalog Number:
15/6923
Barcode:
156923.000
See related items:
Hopi Pueblo
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6adfd21f4-284f-4ce0-a35f-51b68228c926
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_168264
Online Media:

Bowl/Dish

Culture/People:
Yagua (Yahua)  Search this
Expedition:
Wenner-Gren Scientific Expedition to Hispanic America (1940-1941) (Wenner-Gren Peru Expedition)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Dr. Paul Fejos (Pál Fejös), Non-Indian, 1897-1963  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Axel Wenner-Gren, Non-Indian, 1881-1961  Search this
Donor:
Viking Fund, Incorporated (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.), 1941-  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl/Dish
Media/Materials:
Gourd, paint
Techniques:
Incised, painted
Object Type:
Food/Beverage Serving
Native Term:
sekkannö
Place:
Río Amazonas (Amazon River) area near frontiers of Peru, Colombia, and Brazil; Río Ampiyacu; Maynas Province; Loreto Region; Peru
Catalog Number:
20/4736
Barcode:
204736.000
See related items:
Yagua (Yahua)
Food/Beverage Serving
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6c0b00695-69a0-42ae-8891-a4fdc8d3ec2a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218672
Online Media:

Panpipes

Culture/People:
Yagua (Yahua)  Search this
Expedition:
Wenner-Gren Scientific Expedition to Hispanic America (1940-1941) (Wenner-Gren Peru Expedition)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Dr. Paul Fejos (Pál Fejös), Non-Indian, 1897-1963  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Axel Wenner-Gren, Non-Indian, 1881-1961  Search this
Donor:
Viking Fund, Incorporated (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.), 1941-  Search this
Object Name:
Panpipes
Media/Materials:
Cane, chambira palm fiber
Techniques:
Cut, wrapped, tied
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Native Term:
nunumáttá
Place:
Río Amazonas (Amazon River) area near frontiers of Peru, Colombia, and Brazil; Río Ampiyacu; Maynas Province; Loreto Region; Peru
Catalog Number:
20/4759
Barcode:
204759.000
See related items:
Yagua (Yahua)
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6d987b7e0-331b-41bb-a146-4e4738d74f54
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218695
Online Media:

Figure (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Witoto  Search this
Expedition:
Wenner-Gren Scientific Expedition to Hispanic America (1940-1941) (Wenner-Gren Peru Expedition)  Search this
Expedition leader:
Dr. Paul Fejos (Pál Fejös), Non-Indian, 1897-1963  Search this
Expedition sponsor:
Axel Wenner-Gren, Non-Indian, 1881-1961  Search this
Donor:
Viking Fund, Incorporated (The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.), 1941-  Search this
Object Name:
Figure (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Balsa wood, human hair, paint, chalk
Techniques:
Carved, painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Native Term:
hánnáre
Place:
Río Amazonas (Amazon River) area near frontiers of Peru, Colombia, and Brazil; Río Ampiyacu; Maynas Province; Loreto Region; Peru
Catalog Number:
20/4783
Barcode:
204783.000
See related items:
Witoto
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws61613f8c2-2311-407e-9a6c-ac1fe4e4b223
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_218720

Scarifier

Culture/People:
Karajá (Caraja)  Search this
Collector:
George Tamarski, Non-Indian, 1903-1987  Search this
Seller:
George Tamarski, Non-Indian, 1903-1987  Search this
Object Name:
Scarifier
Media/Materials:
Gourd, piranha tooth/teeth
Techniques:
Cut
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Ilha do Bananal, Rio Araguaia; Tocantins State, North Region; Brazil
Island Name:
Ilha do Bananal
Catalog Number:
23/1892
Barcode:
231892.000
See related items:
Karajá (Caraja)
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68eb8c7a5-148f-4772-8f2c-5c4c2305aa88
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_247050
Online Media:

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