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Rudolph Schaeffer papers

Creator:
Schaeffer, Rudolph  Search this
Names:
East & West Gallery (San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976 -- Photographs  Search this
Frey, Caroline  Search this
Frey, Fred  Search this
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959 -- Photographs  Search this
Extent:
13.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Place:
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1880s-1997
Summary:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997 and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection measures 13.3 linear feet, dates from the 1880s-1997, and documents the life and varied career of Rudolph Schaeffer, artist, designer, teacher, writer, collector of Asian art, and pioneer in the field of color study who founded the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco in 1926. The papers include biographical information, correspondence, subject files, writings, diaries, journals, artwork, scrapbooks, sound recordings, and photographs.

Correspondence documents Schaeffer's personal and professional activities as well as the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design. Subject files contain various combinations of correspondence, photographs, printed material, and drawings reflecting Schaeffer's activities, projects, and interests. Within the subject files is correspondence with artists, including Mark Tobey. Extensive writings include manuscripts for published and unpublished articles and drafts, notes, and manuscripts of several unpublished books including Collected Lectures of Rudolph Schaeffer on Color and Design, Color and Design, Prismatic Color Theory, and Rhythmo-Chromatics, all undated. Diaries include a volume recording Schaeffer's 1936 trip to Japan. 42 volumes of journals, compiled between 1954 and 1987, contain entries on a wide range of subjects including lists of errands, invitation lists, class notes, drafts of letters, notes including staff assignments and staff meetings, autobiographical notes and reminiscences, and musings on religion and philosophy.

The Artwork series houses artwork by Schaeffer and his students. Found are hand-made Christmas cards, designs, sketches, and sketchbooks. Seven scrapbooks document Rudolph Schaeffer's career, his school and former students, and the San Francisco art scene. They contain printed material, photographs, letters, and a small amount of artwork. Volume 3 is devoted to East West Gallery, and volume 7 documents Rudolph Schaeffer's 90th Birthday and the 50th Anniversary of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Most untranscribed sound recordings (audio cassettes and reels) are of lectures by Schaeffer and others delivered at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design.

Miscellaneous records includes a series of hand-baticked fabric samples from the Wiener Werkstatte, as well as transcripts of an oral history with Schaeffer and other interviews.

Printed material concerns the career of Rudolph Schaeffer, his school and former students, the San Francisco art scene, and general art topics. Included are articles and a book by Schaeffer, catalogs and other items produced by the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and miscellaneous items about or mentioning Schaeffer and his school. Items of note are announcements of courses taught by Schaeffer in Piedmont and San Francisco prior to the opening of his school, and theatre programs from productions with sets and some costumes designed by Schaeffer in the early 1920s.

Photographs are of artwork, people, places, events, stage designs, and miscellaneous subjects. Artwork includes some designs by Rudolph Schaeffer; people include Schaeffer, his family, friends, and students. Of particular note are a photograph of Frank Lloyd Wright's visit to the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design, and one of Rudolph Schaeffer and Imogen Cunningham. Places include interior and exterior views of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design at its St. Anne Street and Mariposa Street locations. Also included are photographs by Ansel Adams of the home of Ed and Caroline Fey.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1900-1988 (Box 1; 0.1 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1906-1989 (Box 1, 19; 0.5 linear ft.)

Series 3: Subject Files, 1907-1988 (Boxes 1-2, OV 16; 1.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Writings, circa 1910-1987 (Boxes 2-6, 15, 19, 21; 4.2 linear ft.)

Series 5: Artwork, 1911-1957 (Boxes 6-15, 19, 21 OV 17; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1933-1976 (Boxes 6, 14, 19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Sound Recordings, 1949-1986 (Boxes 11-13; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1905-1986 (Box 7, 19, 22; 0.8 linear ft.)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1906-1994 (Boxes 7-8, 15, 19, 22; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 10: Photographs, 1880s-circa 1988 (Boxes 8-10,15, 20, 22, OV 18; 1.8 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Rudolph Schaeffer (1886-1988), a proponent of the Arts and Crafts movement, aspired to unite technology, science, and lifestyle in order to live in harmony with nature. An individual with many talents and interests, he was best known for his work in the field of color study and as a teacher and the founder of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco.

Born on a farm in Clare, Michigan in 1886, Rudolph Schaeffer displayed musical and artistic talent from a young age. Although he initially wanted to become a professional musician, he began focusing more on art when his musical abilities were compromised by an improperly set broken wrist. Schaeffer received his first formal art training as a high school student and then attended the Thomas Normal Training School in Detroit, where he studied music, art, and design. He continued studying independently, developing interests in calligraphy and metal craft.

In 1907, Schaeffer taught manual training courses in the Columbus, Ohio, public schools. The following summer he traveled to Paris and London. While in London he saw an exhibition of Josef Hoffman's modern interiors that had a great impact on his own design ideas. He then returned to Michigan and taught in schools close to home. In 1909, Schaeffer attended a design course in Minneapolis taught by A. E. Batchelder, director of Throop Polytechnic Institute in Pasadena. Both Batchelder and his course were strong influences on Schaeffer, as was Ralph Johnot, a proponent of Arthur Wesley Dow's design principles. In 1910 Schaeffer joined the faculty of Throop Polytechnic Institute, where he remained for five years.

The U. S. Commission on Education selected Schaeffer to be part of a delegation of twenty-five American teachers sent to Munich for several months in 1914 to investigate the exemplary industrial design curriculum offered in their secondary schools. Schaeffer subsequently expected to begin teaching at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles at the start of the 1914 school year, but World War I erupted while he was in Germany and his return to the United States was delayed so long that another teacher had to be hired to fill his place.

In 1915 Schaeffer was a manual training instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts (formerly the Hopkins School), and taught design and metal crafts at the University of California Berkeley. For a number of years afterwards, he did free lance design work, taught private classes, and ran a small summer school in his Piedmont studio. Schaeffer was a visiting professor at Stanford University in 1918 when he was drafted and sent to drafting and surveying courses by the Army. Between 1917 and 1924 Schaeffer was on the faculty of the California College of Arts and Crafts where he taught design, color, handicrafts, and interior design. During this period he developed a new approach to teaching color and design based on the prismatic color wheel.

During the early 1920s Schaeffer worked as a set designer and as Art Director of Greek Theatre at the University of California at Berkeley, Schaeffer began applying prismatic color theory to set and costume design. He also designed sets for productions in Detroit. In 1925, Schaeffer saw the Paris Exposition and researched interior and stage design while in France.

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design which, in its early days was called the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Rhythmo-Chromatic Design, opened on St. Anne Street in San Francisco's Chinatown in 1926. In 1951 the school then moved to Union Street on Telegraph Hill where it remained for nearly a decade. In 1960, the school purchased a former boys' school on Mariposa Street, Portero Hill. Rudolph Schaeffer lived in a small cottage built for him at the rear of the property where he designed and tended a remarkable "Peace Garden."

The Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was best known for its courses in color and interior design. Schaeffer was the first person in the United States to teach prismatic color theory, is credited with being the first to use the term "interior design" rather than "interior decoration" and the first to incorporate the use of models into interior design coursework. In 1959 the school's courses were expanded from 2 to 3-year programs and a diploma was awarded. Former students include many successful interior designers, textile designers, furniture designers, industrial designers, commercial artists, color consultants, teachers, and master flower arrangers.

In addition to the interior design and color diploma courses, the school offered a summer session, classes for children, a brief lecture series for the general public, and a wide variety of classes including advertising art, architecture and design, art history, art in public schools, calligraphy, color design, color for television, color for weavers, color theory, design, drawing, environmental aesthetics, fashion design, fashion illustration, flower arrangement, industrial design, interior design, Notan, sculpture, space planning, textile design, and weaving. Always struggling financially and sometimes lacking adequate enrollment, the school nevertheless managed to stay open for nearly 60 years. In 1984, the Board of Directors voted to remove Schaeffer from the board and close the school. Two years earlier the board had forced Schaeffer to retire, appointed him Director Emeritus, and brought in a new director charged with making the institution financially solvent, reorganizing the curriculum, and working toward accreditation. Unable to separate himself from the school (though he had done so legally when it was incorporated in 1953), Schaeffer balked and refused to cooperate with plans for revitalizing the institution.

One of the aims of the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design was to interpret Asian esthetic principles. To this end the East West Gallery was established at the school in 1950. A membership organization, it offered exhibitions, lectures, concerts, and other programs that encouraged cultural integration. Exhibitions alternated between East (Asian art and artifacts from Rudolph Schaeffer's collection or other sources) and West (student work or work of local artists illustrating the influence of the Asian esthetic on contemporary art and design). East West Gallery was a membership organization, the first space of its kind in San Francisco for Asian art and operated in each of the school's locations.

In addition to running the school Schaeffer was involved in many other activities. He wrote several articles about flower arrangement, color, and color theory that were published in popular magazines. In 1935, he published Flower Arrangement Folio I (said to be the first on the subject published in this country) and in 1942 edited and wrote the introduction to Sunset's Flower Arrangement Book by Nell True Welch. Over a period of many years, he worked on several monographs on color, design, and "rhythmo-chromatics." None were ever published.

A sought-after speaker on the subjects of color, interior design, flower arrangement, and myriad other art topics, Schaeffer frequently served as a juror for art exhibitions and flower shows. From the 1930s on, the San Francisco department store Emporium used his services as a color consultant, as did Dutch Boy paints, and numerous textile and clothing manufacturers. Builders also asked Schaeffer to select interior and exterior colors for suburban housing developments.

Schaeffer worked on planning and designing the decorative arts exhibition at the 1939-40 Golden Gate International Exposition. In 1943-44, he participated in the Red Cross's Arts and Skills program, using color therapy with shell-shocked soldiers in a psychiatric unit.

The Rudolph Schaeffer Collection of Asian Art began as a collection of ceramics, both historical and contemporary examples chosen for their form and color, which he used for flower arrangements and in set-ups for still life classes. It soon expanded to include color prints, paintings, screens, and other works of art and portions were exhibited frequently in the East West Gallery. Selections from this collection were exhibited in Kansas City in 1960 and at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco in 1976.

The City of San Francisco declared June 26, 1986, Schaeffer's 100th birthday, "Rudolph Schaeffer Day" and it was observed with great fanfare. He died at home on March 5, 1988, a few months before his 102nd birthday.
Provenance:
The Rudolph Schaeffer papers were donated in 1991 by Rudolph Schaeffer and the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design administrator Peter Docili, and in 1999 and 2000 by James Alexander, a friend of both Schaeffer and Docili, who had been storing portions of Docili's estate after his death in 1998, with the assistance of Frances Valesco, a fiber artist and researcher. An addition was received in 2007 by William Woodworth, a close friend and caretaker of Schaeffer's and in 2017 and 2018 by Frances Valesco.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Designers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Authors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Color -- Study and teaching  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Diaries
Christmas cards
Designs
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Citation:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers, 1880s-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.scharudo
See more items in:
Rudolph Schaeffer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e577bb5b-7a69-4e35-a266-06d309085a6a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-scharudo

Issey Miyake / by Marie-Andrée Jouve

Author:
Jouve, Marie-Andrée  Search this
Subject:
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Physical description:
79 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Japan
Date:
1997
20th century
Topic:
Costume design  Search this
Wearable art  Search this
Fashion designers  Search this
Fashion--History--Pictorial works  Search this
Call number:
TT505.M59 J68 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_551912

イッセイさんはどこから来たの? : 三宅一生の人と仕事 = Where did Issey come form? : the work of Issey Miyake / 小池一子 ; 翻訳木幡和枝 [and 3 others]

Title:
Where did Issey come from? : the work of Issey Miyake
Author:
Koike, Kazuko  Search this
Author:
Kobata, Kazue 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Physical description:
104, 113 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
Japan
Date:
2017
20th century
21st century
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Fashion design--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090451

Irving Penn regards the work of Issey Miyake : photographs, 1975-1998 / with the close collaboration of Midori Kitamura ; an introductory essay by Mark Holborn

Author:
Penn, Irving  Search this
Kitamura, Midori  Search this
Holborn, Mark 1949-  Search this
Subject:
Penn, Irving  Search this
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : chiefly col. ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
United States
Japan
Date:
1999
[1999?]
Topic:
Fashion photography  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Call number:
TT507 .P46 1999
TR647.P412 I78 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_594926

Miyake Issei ten : ten, sen, men : dai 1-kai Hiroshima-shō jushō kinen = Issey Miyake : the 1st Hiroshima Art Prize / [henshū Hiroshima-shi Gendai Bijutsukan, Miyake Dezain Jimusho]

Title:
三宅一生展 : ten, sen, men : 第 1回ヒロシマ賞受賞記念 = Issey Miyake : the 1st Hiroshima Art Prize / 編集広島市現代美術館, 三宅デザイン事務所
Ten, sen, men
Dai 1-kai Hiroshima-shō jushō kinen
第 1回ヒロシマ賞受賞記念
Issey Miyake
Hiroshima-shō jushō kinen
ヒロシマ賞受賞記念
Hiroshima Art Prize
Author:
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Hiroshima-shi Gendai Bijutsukan  Search this
JAC Project  Search this
Hiroshima-shō (1st : 1990 : Hiroshima-shi, Japan)  Search this
Subject:
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Physical description:
110 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Japan
Date:
1990
C1990
20th century
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Costume design--History  Search this
Fashion--History  Search this
Call number:
TT505 .M593 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_845621

Yohji Yamamoto / by François Baudot ; [translated from the French by Jane Brenton]

Author:
Baudot, François  Search this
Subject:
Yamamoto, Yohji 1943-  Search this
Physical description:
79 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.), ports. ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Japan
Date:
1997
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Call number:
TT505.Y36 B68 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_890796

Talking to myself / by Yohji Yamamoto ; texts by Kiyokazu Washida and Yohji Yamamoto ; [edited by Carla Sozzani and Yohji Yamamoto] ; drawings by Yohji Yamamoto

Title:
Talking to myself by Yohji Yamamoto
Author:
Yamamoto, Yohji 1943-  Search this
Washida, Kiyokazu  Search this
Sozzani, Carla  Search this
Subject:
Yamamoto, Yohji 1943-  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill. (some col.) ; 33 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
Japan
Date:
2002
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Call number:
TT505.Y36 A3 2002
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_894735

Fashioning kimono : art deco and modernism in Japan : the Montgomery Collection / edited by Annie Van Assche ; photographs by Stefano Ember

Author:
Van Assche, Annie  Search this
Ember, Stefano  Search this
Subject:
Montgomery, Jeffrey Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
326 p. : col. ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Japan
Date:
2007
2005
20th century
Topic:
Kimonos--Pattern design--History  Search this
Fashion design--History  Search this
Clothing and dress--History  Search this
Arts, Japanese--Western influences  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_895594

A-Poc making : [Issey Miyake & Dai Fujiwara : Vitra Design Museum Berlin June 1-July 1, 2001] / editors, Mateo Kries, Alexander von Vegesack ; autors: Issey Miyake, Dai Fujiwara, Mateo Kries ; translations: Jutta Küster]

Title:
A-Piece of cloth making
Author:
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Fujiwara, Dai 1967-  Search this
Kries, Mateo 1974-  Search this
Vitra Design Museum  Search this
Subject:
Miyake, Issei 1938-  Search this
Fujiwara, Dai 1967-  Search this
Physical description:
109 p. : chiefly ill. (chiefly col.) ; 30 x 25 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Japan
Date:
2001
Topic:
Fashion design  Search this
Fashion designers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_794380

Kenzo / Tamae Armand-Ejima ... [et al.]

Author:
Armand-Ejima, Tamae  Search this
Subject:
Takada, Kenzo  Search this
Physical description:
296 p. (some fold-out) : chiefly ill. (chiefly col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Specimens
Place:
Japan
Date:
2010
C2010
Topic:
Fashion design  Search this
Pop-up books  Search this
Call number:
TT505.T35 K46 2010
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1037800

Yayoi Kusama : I who have arrived in heaven / text by Akira Tatehata ; poem by Yayoi Kusama

Title:
I who have arrived in heaven
Author:
Kusama, Yayoi  Search this
Tatehata, Akira 1947-  Search this
David Zwirner (Gallery)  Search this
Subject:
Kusama, Yayoi  Search this
Physical description:
1 volume (unpaged) : color illustrations, portraits ; 33 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
Japan
Date:
2014
[2014]
20th century
21st century
Topic:
Multimedia (Art)  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1041162

The cutting edge : fashion from Japan / edited by Louise Mitchell

Author:
Mitchell, Louise 1961-  Search this
Powerhouse Museum  Search this
Kyōto Fukushoku Bunka Kenkyū Zaidan  Search this
Physical description:
112 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Japan
Date:
2005
21st century
Topic:
Fashion design--History  Search this
Fashion designers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_904031

The Japanese revolution in Paris fashion / Yuniya Kawamura

Author:
Kawamura, Yuniya 1963-  Search this
Physical description:
x, 198 p. : ill ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
France
Paris
Date:
2004
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_916970

Yoshiki Hishinuma in the Fashion Gallery of the Gemeentemuseum, the Haag / [text, Ietse Meij, Yoko Otsuka, Yoshiki Hishinuma]

Author:
Hishinuma, Yoshiki 1958-  Search this
Meij, Ietse  Search this
Otsuka, Yoko  Search this
Haags Gemeentemuseum  Search this
Subject:
Hishinuma, Yoshiki 1958-  Search this
Physical description:
46 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Biography
Place:
Japan
Date:
1999
C1999
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Costume design  Search this
Call number:
TT505.H57 H33 1999
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_932210

Rei Kawakubo and Comme des Garçons / Deyan Sudjic

Author:
Sudjic, Deyan  Search this
Subject:
Kawakubo, Rei 1942-  Search this
Comme des Garçons (Firm)  Search this
Physical description:
160 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Japan
Date:
1990
Topic:
Fashion design  Search this
Call number:
TT505.K39 S89 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_936788

Yohji Yamamoto / Ligaya Salazar, ed

Author:
Salazar, Ligaya  Search this
Victoria and Albert Museum  Search this
Subject:
Yamamoto, Yohji 1943-  Search this
Yamamoto, Yohji 1943-  Search this
Physical description:
192 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Interviews
Place:
Japan
Date:
2011
Topic:
Fashion designers  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Call number:
TT505.Y36 Y6 2011
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_991328

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