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The world of Anna Sui by Tim Blanks ; foreword by Naomi Campbell

Author:
Blanks, Tim  Search this
Writer of foreword:
Campbell, Naomi  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (287 pages) chiefly illustrations
Type:
Pictorial works
Ouvrages illustrés
Electronic books
History
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Date:
2017
20th century
Topic:
Women fashion designers  Search this
Fashion--History  Search this
Fashion design--History  Search this
Costume--History  Search this
Clothing and dress--History  Search this
Couturières (Créatrices de mode)  Search this
HEALTH & FITNESS--Beauty & Grooming  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Costume  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156471

Festival Recordings: Community Talk: Old Traditions in New Settings; Work Experience Stories

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Festival of American Folklife. African Immigrant Program 1997 Washington, D.C.  Search this
Ruland, Marcella (recorder)  Search this
Ruland, Tim (recorder)  Search this
Performer:
Osanyingbemi, Gabriel  Search this
Ajibade, Layo  Search this
Macharia, Kanuthia  Search this
Pereira, Aristide  Search this
Gihgi  Search this
Collection Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Extent:
compact audio cassette
1 Sound cassette (analog.)
Culture:
Americans  Search this
African American  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Nigeria
Senegal
Date:
1997 June 27
Track Information:
101 Old Traditions in New Settings: African Gospel in the U.S / Gabriel Osanyingbemi, Layo Ajibade.

102 Work Experience Stories: First Jobs in the U.S / Gihgi, Kanuthia Macharia, Aristide Pereira.
Local Numbers:
FP-1997-CT-0266-7
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Recorded in: Washington (D.C.), United States, June 27, 1997.
Restrictions:
Restrictions on access. SI Permission.
Collection Rights:
Copyright and other restrictions may apply. Generally, materials created during a Festival are covered by a release signed by each participant permitting their use for personal and educational purposes; materials created as part of the fieldwork leading to a Festival may be more restricted. We permit and encourage such personal and educational use of those materials provided digitally here, without special permissions. Use of any materials for publication, commercial use, or distribution requires a license from the Archives. Licensing fees may apply in addition to any processing fees.
Topic:
Oral history  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
Music  Search this
Religion  Search this
Work  Search this
language  Search this
Fashion designers  Search this
occupational folklore  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.SFF.1997, Item FP-1997-CT-0266
See more items in:
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife
Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1997 Festival of American Folklife / Series 2: African Immigrant Folklife / 2.3: Audio
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/bk5670f4e12-c9bb-4ab8-9499-dfb97ae41175
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-cfch-sff-1997-ref629

Isabel Toledo

Alternate Title:
Isabel Toledo at her Penthouse Studio, New York City
Artist:
Alexis Rodríguez-Duarte, born 1962  Search this
Stylist:
Tico Torres, born 1961  Search this
Sitter:
Isabel Toledo, born 1961  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 34.2 × 22.9 cm (13 7/16 × 9")
Sheet: 35.2 × 27.9 cm (13 7/8 × 11")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
May 21, 1998 (printed 2016)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Religious  Search this
Artwork\Sculpture\Statue  Search this
Isabel Toledo: Female  Search this
Isabel Toledo: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquisition made possible through the Smithsonian Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center
Object number:
NPG.2016.94
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Alexis Rodriguez-Duarte
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
2022 Paper Rotations
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 342
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4ff40aade-8939-4c75-be86-8293aed3225e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2016.94

Costume worn by Maxine Jones in "Giving Him Something He Can Feel" video

Designed by:
Danny Flynn  Search this
Manufactured by:
Frederick's of Hollywood, founded 1947  Search this
Anne Klein, founded 1968  Search this
Worn by:
Maxine Jones, American, born 1962  Search this
Subject of:
En Vogue, American, founded 1989  Search this
Medium:
Dress: synthetic fiber and spandex
Bra: Polyester fiber, nylon, spandex, and metal (underwire)
Gloves: nylon and spandex
Shoes: crepe, leather, rubber, and metal
Dimensions:
H x W (.1, dress, flat): 48 1/2 × 12 1/4 in. (123.2 × 31.1 cm)
H x W x D (.1, dress, on form): 52 × 12 1/2 × 8 in. (132.1 × 31.8 × 20.3 cm)
H x W (,2, bra, flat): 10 3/4 × 11 1/4 in. (27.3 × 28.6 cm)
H x W x D (.2, bra, on form): 9 3/4 × 10 1/4 × 9 in. (24.8 × 26 × 22.9 cm)
H x W (.3a, glove (left)): 19 1/2 × 4 1/4 in. (49.5 × 10.8 cm)
H x W (.3b, glove (right)): 19 1/2 × 4 1/2 in. (49.5 × 11.4 cm)
H x W x D (.4a, shoe (left)): 5 1/4 × 3 × 9 1/2 in. (13.3 × 7.6 × 24.1 cm)
H x W x D (.4b, shoe (right)): 5 1/4 × 3 × 9 1/2 in. (13.3 × 7.6 × 24.1 cm)
Type:
dresses
brassieres
gloves
pumps (shoes)
Date:
1992
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of En Vogue
Object number:
2014.189.1.1-.4ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Costume
Exhibition:
Musical Crossroads
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5150b6d65-d1c7-4d1c-b5d7-7b4cb1bafb7d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.189.1.1-.4ab

Costume worn by Terry Ellis in "Giving Him Something He Can Feel" video

Designed by:
Danny Flynn  Search this
Manufactured by:
Frederick's of Hollywood, founded 1947  Search this
Via Spiga, Italian, founded 1985  Search this
Worn by:
Terry Lynn Ellis, American, born 1963  Search this
Subject of:
En Vogue, American, founded 1989  Search this
Medium:
Dress: synthetic fiber and spandex
Bra: Polyester fiber, polyurethane and metal (underwire)
Gloves: satin and spandex
Shoes: suede, leather, plastic, rubber, and elastic
Dimensions:
H x W (.1, dress, flat): 48 1/2 × 13 in. (123.2 × 33 cm)
H x W x D (.1, dress, on form): 50 × 12 1/2 × 8 in. (127 × 31.8 × 20.3 cm)
H x W (,2, bra, flat): 9 × 11 in. (22.9 × 27.9 cm)
H x W x D (.2, bra, on form): 8 3/4 × 10 × 8 3/4 in. (22.2 × 25.4 × 22.2 cm)
H x W (.3a, glove (left)): 18 × 4 1/4 in. (45.7 × 10.8 cm)
H x W (.3b, glove (right)): 17 3/4 × 4 1/2 in. (45.1 × 11.4 cm)
H x W x D (.4a, shoe (left)): 5 3/4 × 3 1/4 × 9 3/4 in. (14.6 × 8.3 × 24.8 cm)
H x W x D (.4b, shoe (right)): 5 3/4 × 3 1/4 × 9 3/4 in. (14.6 × 8.3 × 24.8 cm)
Type:
dresses
brassieres
gloves
pumps (shoes)
Date:
1992
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Popular music  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of En Vogue
Object number:
2014.189.3.1-.4ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Costume
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53ff67c21-7e27-49ce-baa4-5bb1f26ee455
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2014.189.3.1-.4ab
Online Media:

Geoffrey Beene

Artist:
Yousuf Karsh, 23 Dec 1908 - 13 Jul 2002  Search this
Sitter:
Geoffrey Beene, 30 Aug 1927 - 28 Sep 2004  Search this
Medium:
Chromogenic print
Dimensions:
Image: 34.3 x 25.6 cm (13 1/2 x 10 1/16")
Sheet: 35.5 x 27.9 cm (14 x 11")
Mat: 55.9 x 40.6 cm (22 x 16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1991
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Geoffrey Beene: Male  Search this
Geoffrey Beene: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh
Object number:
NPG.2012.77.9
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Yousuf Karsh
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e8723086-4a5f-44c9-b8a9-e5749eb6f63c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2012.77.9

German design 1949-1989 two countries, one history editors, Erika Pinner, Klára Němečková ; translations, Herwig Engelmann [and four others]

Editor:
Pinner, Erika  Search this
Nemečkova, Klara  Search this
Translator:
Engelmann, Herwig  Search this
Host institution:
Vitra Design Museum  Search this
Kunstgewerbemuseum (Dresden, Germany)  Search this
Physical description:
320 pages illustrations (chiefly color), facsimiles, portraits 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Expositions
Exhibition catalogs
History
Place:
Germany
Allemagne
Date:
2021
20th century
20e siècle
Topic:
Design--History  Search this
Design--Histoire  Search this
Design  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1155060

Ring with gold and diamond "MTV" design owned by Fab 5 Freddy

Designed by:
Tito D. Caicedo, American, 1961 - 2016  Search this
Owned by:
Fab 5 Freddy, American, born 1959  Search this
Subject of:
MTV, American, founded 1981  Search this
Medium:
diamond on gold
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 1 1/8 × 1 1/2 × 1 7/16 in. (2.9 × 3.8 × 3.7 cm)
Type:
finger rings
Place made:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1988
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Hip-hop (Music)  Search this
Rappers (Musicians)  Search this
Television  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2020.38.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Adornment
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd57fc32a72-6bff-418b-aef2-2f5777c1dd22
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2020.38.6
Online Media:

Anna Sui

Artist:
Jesse Frohman, born 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Anna Sui, born 1964  Search this
Medium:
Inkjet print
Dimensions:
Image: 60.96 × 48.26 cm (24 × 19")
Sheet: 63.5 x 50.8 cm (25 x 20")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1992 (printed 2016)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Flowers  Search this
Equipment\Mannequin  Search this
Anna Sui: Female  Search this
Anna Sui: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jesse Frohman
Object number:
NPG.2016.29
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Jesse Frohman
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d6146dd0-e8ca-4e2b-87cc-d117374e457a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2016.29

Gold and black fascinator with pin from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
synthetic fiber, net, plastic, rhinestones, feathers, and beads
Dimensions:
H x W x D (ab): 5 3/4 × 9 3/4 × 9 in. (14.6 × 24.8 × 22.9 cm)
Type:
pins (jewelry)
fascinators
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Donna Limerick
Object number:
2016.48.38.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Exhibition:
Power of Place
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 051
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58d35d168-a4f8-4916-abb1-f8e79c617e93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.48.38.1ab

Black cap with long brown feather plume from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
wool felt and feathers
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 13 1/2 x 7 1/2 x 10 1/4 in. (34.3 x 19.1 x 26 cm)
Type:
hats
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.213.10
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd589210f3d-f873-4f08-937d-7bcaf2e36192
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.213.10

Announcements and Press Material

Collection Creator:
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1974-2006
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of origininal material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Mildred Constantine papers, 1945-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Mildred Constantine Papers
Mildred Constantine Papers / Series 3: Subject Files / Sheila Hicks
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw975fbfc6e-56ba-44d2-94a6-534005a2c58e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consmild-ref61
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  • View Announcements and Press Material digital asset number 1

Ralph Lauren

Artist:
Nancy Januzzi  Search this
Sitter:
Ralph Lauren, born 1939  Search this
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 25.2 x 16.1cm (9 15/16 x 6 5/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1996
Topic:
Illustration  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Ralph Lauren: Male  Search this
Ralph Lauren: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Ralph Lauren: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Dow Jones and Company, publishers of The Wall Street Journal
Object number:
S/NPG.2002.31
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Nancy Januzzi
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4fc1a6826-9053-4efa-a9c5-a46e1d3196ac
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2002.31

Calvin Klein

Artist:
Abe Frajndlich, born 1946  Search this
Sitter:
Calvin Richard Klein, born 19 Nov 1942  Search this
Medium:
Chromogenic print
Dimensions:
Image: 38.1 x 48.3 cm (15 x 19")
Sheet: 40.7 x 50.8cm (16 x 20")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1cm (22 x 28")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York City
Date:
1994 (printed 2000)
Topic:
Costume  Search this
Interior\Studio  Search this
Calvin Richard Klein: Male  Search this
Calvin Richard Klein: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Paulette and Kurt Olden in memory of Lily E. Kay
Object number:
NPG.2000.83
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 2000, Abe Frajndlich
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f15a05b9-2321-44bb-aefb-2ea076bbdb91
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2000.83

Miss America 1951 Papers

Creator:
Betbeze, Yolande  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Sports, Entertainment and Leisure  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Cubic feet (8 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Programs
Paper dolls
Interviews
Clippings
Awards
Photographs
Magazines (periodicals)
Advertisements
Date:
1910 - 2003
Summary:
Yolande Betbeze was crowned Miss America in September, 1950. During and after her reign she was influential in both the Civil Rights and Feminist movements. Her papers document her reign as Miss America, her life after Miss America, and the Miss America pageant itself.
Scope and Contents:
Scope and Content: This collection documents the life of Yolande Betbeze who reigned as Miss America 1951. Though the collection focuses heavily on the year of her reign from September 1950 to September 1951, it also includes information about her life before winning the Miss America pageant, the Miss Alabama and Miss America pageants of 1950, and her life post-Miss America. Visual imagery in the collection documents life and fashion in the 1950s through 2000. Newspaper articles offer evidence of the culture of the 1950s. This collection contains newspaper clippings, magazine articles, photographs, awards, and memorabilia of Miss America pageants throughout the twentieth century in the form of booklets, brochures, and paper dolls.

Series 1, Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, 1994, undated, includes newspaper articles, magazine articles, and awards from the House of Representatives, programs and brochures relating to Ms. Betbeze's activities as Miss America. All publicity articles—whether promotional or editorial-are included in this series. Betbeze traveled extensively during her reign, and her trips are documented here. Also included in this series are her visits to military installations, promotion of Miss America pageant sponsors, promotion of her own opera career, and most importantly her verbal attacks against the objectification of women in pageants while she wore the Miss America crown.

Subseries 1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1950-1951, undated,

includes newspaper clippings about Betbeze during her reign as Miss America, documenting nearly every event she attended and delving into her love life and home life. The clippings are arranged by month and year from September 1950 through September 1951. The newspaper articles from Betbeze's reign that are without a date are arranged by topic behind the dated clippings. This subseries also includes several articles published in magazines about Betbeze during her reign. The articles are arranged in chronological order by year behind the newspaper clippings.

Subseries 2, Awards, 1950, includes awards given to Betbeze by the House of Representatives after she was named Miss America in Atlantic City, as well as an award by the town of Chickasaw naming Betbeze an honorary citizen.

Subseries 3, Programs and Brochures, 1950-1951, includes mini-photo books of Betbeze from her reign as Miss America, as well as pageant programs from pageants she attended as Miss America. It also includes programs and brochures of events she attended and participated in as Miss America, such as her Coronation Ball and a Symphony in Fashion runway show. The materials are arranged with the photograph books first, followed by pageant programs, then programs from various events.

Subseries 4, Promotional Advertisements, 1950-1951, includes promotional advertisements for Nash Automobile, the Official Car Company of Miss America, and Everglaze Fabric. These advertisements are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 5, Materials Related to Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, 1994, includes material relevant to Betbeze's reign as Miss America, such as her schedule book from September 1950 to September 1951 and a 1994 interview regarding her life, her reign, and her beliefs. The materials are arranged in chronological order by year.

Series 2, Post-Miss America Reign, 1951-2001, undated, documents Betbeze's life after her reign as Miss America through newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and Betbeze's copy of pageant judging guidelines for Miss America 1957. It also documents the changing view of women from the 1950s through the turn of the twenty-first century. Betbeze pursued a career in opera after Miss America, but this career ended with her marriage to Matthew Fox. Materials also relate to her marriage to Matthew Fox, her relationship with Cherif Guellal, her life in Georgetown in Washington D.C in the 1960s, and her participation in later Miss America pageants.

Subseries 1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1952-2001, undated, includes newspaper clippings and magazine articles about Betbeze after her reign as Miss America. They document her relationships, lifestyle, causes, and career. The clippings are arranged chronologically by year. The magazine articles are arranged chronologically by decade behind the newspaper clippings.

Subseries 2, Miss America Activities, 1957, comprises of Betbeze's copy of judging guidelines from the 1957 Miss America Pageant. It includes a schedule of events and the judging criteria for each woman, illustrating the changing perception of women in the United States of America from the 1950s through the twenty-first century.

Series 3, Photographs, 1950-2000, undated, documents Betbeze's life from the 1940s to the turn of the twenty-first century. It includes several photographs from her childhood and teen years. The majority of the series focuses on her reign as Miss America, including photos of her travels, glamour photos, publicity photos, and candid shots. It also includes photographs of Betbeze after her reign. There are negatives for several of the photographs. Photographs are arranged by topic.

Subseries 1, Pre-Miss America Reign, 1949-1950, contains Betbeze's life as a teenager and the Miss Alabama pageant. The photographs are arranged by topic.

Subseries 2, Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, undated, provides visual evidence enhancing the printed materials in the other series. It includes photographs of Betbeze's travels throughout the United States, Europe, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It also includes glamour photographs, candid shots, and publicity events that she attended as Miss America. There are a few photographs of her in a swimsuit. The photographs are arranged by topic.

Subseries 3, Post-Miss America Reign, 1951-2001, includes photographs of Betbeze in later life, especially at Miss America pageants in the 1990s. The photographs are arranged by topic.

Series 4, Materials Related to Miss America Pageants, 1910-2003, undated, documents the institution of the Miss America Pageant and its development throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first. It includes memorabilia from Atlantic City, the pageants, and Miss America advertisements. It includes official pageant yearbooks and correspondence to Betbeze regarding the seventy-fifth anniversary of Miss America, including a booklet about the pageant. It also includes Miss America Through the Looking Glass (1985), a book documenting the Miss America Pageant from its inception to the 1980s.

Subseries 1, Official Pageant Yearbooks, 1946-2003, comprises of Official Pageant Yearbooks. They illustrate the changing fashions and culture surrounding the pageant. They are arranged in chronological order by year.

Subseries 2, Miss America Memorabilia, 1910-2001, undated, consists of memorabilia of the Miss America Pageant and Atlantic City. The materials include a package for a hairnet from the 1920s, advertisements using the Miss America label for Lucky Strike cigarettes, sheet music for the Miss America and Miss Alabama official songs, Miss America Through the Looking Glass, various stickers advertising the pageant and Atlantic City, Miss America paper dolls, cards and postcards. The memorabilia is arranged in chronological order by year.

Subseries 3, Seventy-fifth Anniversary of Miss America, 1995, includes correspondence between pageant directors and Betbeze regarding the seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Miss America Pageant, as well as a brochure about the pageant. The materials are arranged by type; first is the correspondence regarding the seventy-fifth anniversary, then the brochure advertising Miss America.

Series 5, Yolande Betbeze Personal Papers, 1949-1999, undated, documents life behind-the-scenes through telegrams and letters from friends and fans, invitations and Betbeze's schedule book as Miss America. It includes magazine articles and newspaper clippings from her pre-Miss America years, and the layout of an interview she gave in 1994.

Subseries 1, Personal Correspondence, 1950-1995, undated, consists of personal letters between Betbeze and her friends, including Lenora Slaughter, the head of the Miss America Pageant when Betbeze was Miss America. It also includes fan-mail and autograph requests. The correspondence is arranged chronologically by year.

Subseries 2, Telegrams, 1950-1951, consists of telegrams that Betbeze received as Miss America. They consist of well wishes for her reign, birthday, and Christmas. The telegrams are arranged chronologically by year.

Subseries 3, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1949-1950, consists of newspaper clippings and magazine articles saved by Betbeze. They include reviews of her performance as Musetta in La Boheme in Mobile in 1949 and articles about Matthew Fox. The clippings are arranged chronologically by month and year. The magazine articles are arranged by year behind the newspaper clippings.
Arrangement:
Tyhe collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, 1994, undated

Subseries 1.1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1950-1951, undated

Subseries 1.2, Awards, 1950

Subseries 1.3, Programs and Brochures, 1950-1951

Subseries 1.4, Promotional Advertisements, 1950-1951

Subseries 1.5, Materials Related to Miss America Reign, 1950-1994

Series 2: Post Miss America, 1952-2001, undated

Subseries 1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1952-2001, undated

Subseries 2, Miss America Activities, 1957

Series 3: Photographs, 1950-2000, undated

Subseries 3.1, Pre-Miss America Reign, 1949-1950

Subseries 3.2, Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, undated

Subseries 3.3, Post Miss America Reign, 1951-2001

Series 4: Materials Related to Miss America Pageants, 1910-2003, undated

Subseries 4.1, Official Pageant Yearbooks, 1946-2003

Subseries 4.2, Miss America Memorabilia, 1910-2001, undated

Subseries 4.3, Seventy-fifth Anniversary of Miss America, 1995

Series 5: Yolande Betbeze Personal Papers, 1949-1999, undated

Subseries 5.1, Personal Correspondence, 1950-1995, undated

Subseries 5.2, Telegrams, 1950-1951

Subseries 5.3, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1949-1950
Biographical / Historical:
Yolande Betbeze, Miss America 1951, was born in 1929 in Mobile, Alabama. Her mother was of Basque ancestry, so Yolande ended up with a foreign sounding name and dark European looks, quite different from the general populace of Mobile. Early on she aspired to become a famous opera singer, and took voice lessons throughout her teenage years. In 1949 she starred as Musetta in Puccini's La Boheme, through the Mobile Opera Guild.

In 1950, Yolande entered the Miss Mobile Beauty Pageant, hoping to win and continue to state and national levels to receive a scholarship to study voice in New York City, or even abroad. When she entered the pageant she gave her age as 21, but at her next birthday in late 1950 (presumably her 22nd) she confessed that she had lied about her age. Really, she was 20 when she entered the Miss America pageant, and this was her 21st birthday. She was crowned Miss Mobile, then Miss Alabama. In September 1950, she made her way to Atlantic City to compete for the title of Miss America. Newspapers in Alabama raved about her. Even journalists in the north predicted that Yolande would be crowned the next Miss America. In an interview, pageant director Lenora Slaughter says that from the moment she saw her she felt that Yolande would be crowned the next Miss America. During preliminaries, Yolande won first place in the swimsuit competition, while Miss Connecticut won first place in the talent competition. Nonetheless, Yolande wowed them with her singing. When she won the title of Miss America, her schedule quickly filled with singing engagements.

On September 9th, 1950, Yolande Betbeze was crowned Miss America. She became an overnight success due to her grace, poise, beauty, and talent. However, she had received an education at a convent school, and felt a bit squeamish about 'cheesecake poses' in a bathing suit. Every Miss America had done a swimsuit tour, even though it wasn't in their contracts that they must, and Yolande was expected to follow in their footsteps. But she wanted to be an opera star, not a pin-up girl, she declared. After winning Miss America, she refused to pose in a swimsuit unless she was going swimming.

The Catalina Swimwear Company, a sponsor of the Miss America pageant, did not like Yolande's stance on swimsuits. They contended that the Miss America pageant had become less focused on the beauty of the contestant and more on their talents and personality. They wanted to bring beauty back. They pulled their sponsorship and created a new pageant line which now includes Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss Teen USA. This pageant focuses only on the physical beauty of a competitor. Even today there is no talent portion, and even the interview portion has been diluted.

Another issue of the Miss America pageant involved the marriage of a Miss America. Though Yolande had no plans to marry, or even a boyfriend, the papers certainly wanted to know the details surrounding her love-life and ability to marry with the title Miss America. Yolande explained that she received an extra $4000 for staying single throughout the year, but if she wanted to marry she could ask permission from the 18 pageant directors. "Wouldn't it be easier to wait a year?" she asked.

Her year as Miss America was an eventful one. She traveled throughout the United States, the Bahamas, Mexico, France, and Italy. She met with Congressmen, foreign leaders, opera stars, and famous fashion designers. According to Lenora Slaughter, Yolande had the fullest schedule of any Miss America to that date. Everyone agreed that she had put class into the Miss America pageant.

After her reign, she was succeeded as Miss America by Colleen Kay Hutchins, originally Miss Utah. The two became friends and Yolande was in Colleen's wedding some years later. Yolande took up philanthropic causes—fighting for racial equality in the pageants, for instance. She also marched in civil rights demonstrations, participated in sit-ins, and marched in a feminist demonstration in Atlantic City. In 1954 she married a motion picture and television producer, Matthew Fox. They had one daughter before his death in 1964. After she was widowed, Yolande moved to Georgetown in the District of Columbia, where she lives to this day.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

The Miss America 1943 [Jean Bartel] Photographs, 1943-1944 (AC0902)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry, Natiuonal Museum of American Historu holds artifacts related to this collection: the Miss America crown, scepter, and sash of 1950-1951, worn by the donor, and the Miss Alabama sash and Miss America ribbon of 1950-1951.
Provenance:
Donated by Yolande Betbeze in 2005.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark.
Topic:
Beauty contests -- United States  Search this
Beauty contestants  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Programs
Paper dolls
Interviews
Clippings -- 20th century
Awards
Photographs -- 1950-2000
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Citation:
Miss America 1951 Papers, 1949-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0888
See more items in:
Miss America 1951 Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep831c413c2-0f80-442d-96bb-d1c263de59a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0888
Online Media:

Black raffia and net cap from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
raffia, net, and velvet ribbon
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 x 8 x 9 1/4 in. (15.2 x 20.3 x 23.5 cm)
Type:
caps (headgear)
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Donna Limerick
Object number:
2016.48.10
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58d70409e-5427-4074-8e22-afcb5a4bd24c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.48.10

Rust satin and black lace turban from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
silk satin, net, buckram, metal, and glass
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7 3/8 x 8 x 9 1/2 in. (18.7 x 20.3 x 24.1 cm)
Type:
hats
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Donna Limerick
Object number:
2016.48.11ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f5795fef-fc26-4aed-9157-afab5912b7af
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.48.11ab
Online Media:

Red raffia hat with red artificial rose decoration from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
raffia, synthetic fiber, and plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 9 1/8 x 9 x 11 1/2 in. (23.2 x 22.9 x 29.2 cm)
Type:
hats
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Donna Limerick
Object number:
2016.48.14
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bc8d2ee7-85ec-4b08-b1f0-b5861eda8524
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.48.14

Jewel toned fabric hat with teal bow embellishment from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
synthetic fiber, satin, canvas, lace, and rhinestones
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 8 x 9 1/4 x 11 in. (20.3 x 23.5 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
hats
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Donna Limerick
Object number:
2016.48.16
Restrictions & Rights:
No known copyright restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Exhibition:
Power of Place
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Community/Third Floor, 3 051
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5dc852014-f70d-4a94-b21e-3a2b1de5bbc6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.48.16
Online Media:

Ivory cap with sequins and beading from Mae's Millinery Shop

Designed by:
Mae Reeves, American, 1912 - 2016  Search this
Subject of:
Mae's Millinery Shop, American, 1941 - 1994  Search this
Medium:
wool felt and cotton velvet with sequins and beads
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 1/4 x 7 1/2 x 7 in. (15.9 x 19.1 x 17.8 cm)
Type:
skullcaps
Place collected:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1941-1994
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Enterprise  Search this
Business  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Design  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Women  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Donna Limerick
Object number:
2016.48.18
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
Mae's Millinery Shop Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Fashion
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5ae4e5c16-7a3d-482d-8253-7ff682a07f15
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.48.18

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