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Woman's Dress, 1967

Designer:
Beene, Geoffrey  Search this
Maker:
Beene, Geoffrey  Search this
Measurements:
center back: 57 1/2 in; 146.05 cm
Object Name:
Dress, 1-Piece
Object Type:
Main Dress
Woman
Dress
Entire Body
Other Terms:
Dress, 1-Piece; Entire Body; Main Dress; Female
Date made:
1967
Credit Line:
Gift of The Washington Fashion Group
ID Number:
CS.310259.018
Catalog number:
310259.018
Accession number:
310259
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Costume
Clothing & Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-1bd8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_360606
Online Media:

Woman's Dress, 1948–58

Designer:
Simpson, Adele  Search this
Simpson, Adele  Search this
Measurements:
center back: 45 3/8 in; 115.2525 cm
Object Name:
dress, 2-piece
Object Type:
Main Dress
Woman
Dress
Entire Body
Made in:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1960 - 196900
1946-1956
Credit Line:
Gift of The Washington Fashion Group
ID Number:
CS.310259.005
Catalog number:
310259.005
Accession number:
310259
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Costume
Clothing & Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a1-6532-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_360605

Asawa, Ruth

Collection Creator:
Ankrum Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1960-1963
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ankrum Gallery records, circa 1900-circa 1990s, bulk 1960-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ankrum Gallery records
Ankrum Gallery records / Series 5: Artists' Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw912de4ff0-e92b-4521-93ca-c9d535ee272e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-ankrgall-ref100
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  • View Asawa, Ruth digital asset number 1

Male dress designer at H.U. [Howard University] School of Home Economics, June 1964 [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Ansco (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
Howard University -- 1960-1970  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet., 5" x 4")
Container:
Box 111
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Washington (D.C.) -- 1960-1970 -- Photographs
Date:
June 1964
Scope and Contents:
Man making adjustments to a dress worn by a woman who is holding a pin cushion. They are standing next to two tailor's dummies. There are curtains on either side of them and a row of three mirrors on the wall behind. No ink on negative. Ink on envelope: caption and "12 - Fri". "ANSCO SAFETY FILM 11" edge imprint.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Home economics  Search this
African American fashion designers  Search this
Fashion designers  Search this
Mannequins (Figures)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1960-1970 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives / 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep809b603b5-c177-4da4-b774-d00bfb3e18c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01-ref3783

The world of Anna Sui by Tim Blanks ; foreword by Naomi Campbell

Author:
Blanks, Tim  Search this
Writer of foreword:
Campbell, Naomi  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (287 pages) chiefly illustrations
Type:
Pictorial works
Ouvrages illustrés
Electronic books
History
Place:
United States
États-Unis
Date:
2017
20th century
Topic:
Women fashion designers  Search this
Fashion--History  Search this
Fashion design--History  Search this
Costume--History  Search this
Clothing and dress--History  Search this
Couturières (Créatrices de mode)  Search this
HEALTH & FITNESS--Beauty & Grooming  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Costume  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1156471

German design 1949-1989 two countries, one history editors, Erika Pinner, Klára Němečková ; translations, Herwig Engelmann [and four others]

Editor:
Pinner, Erika  Search this
Nemečkova, Klara  Search this
Translator:
Engelmann, Herwig  Search this
Host institution:
Vitra Design Museum  Search this
Kunstgewerbemuseum (Dresden, Germany)  Search this
Physical description:
320 pages illustrations (chiefly color), facsimiles, portraits 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Expositions
Exhibition catalogs
History
Place:
Germany
Allemagne
Date:
2021
20th century
20e siècle
Topic:
Design--History  Search this
Design--Histoire  Search this
Design  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1155060

Announcements and Press Material

Collection Creator:
Constantine, Mildred  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1974-2006
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Use of origininal material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Mildred Constantine papers, 1945-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Mildred Constantine Papers
Mildred Constantine Papers / Series 3: Subject Files / Sheila Hicks
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw975fbfc6e-56ba-44d2-94a6-534005a2c58e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-consmild-ref61
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  • View Announcements and Press Material digital asset number 1

Diana Ross (with Mary Wilson and Florence Ballard)

Artist:
Steve Schapiro, 16 Nov 1934 - 15 Jan 2022  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Wilson, 6 Mar 1944 - 8 Feb 2021  Search this
Diana Ross, born 26 Mar 1944  Search this
Florence Ballard, 30 Jun 1943 - 22 Feb 1976  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 22.6 x 33.7cm (8 7/8 x 13 1/4")
Sheet: 27.7 x 35.5cm (10 7/8 x 14")
Mat: 40.6 x 55.9cm (16 x 22")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1965 (printed 2006)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Interior\Performing Arts\Theatrical\Stage  Search this
Mary Wilson: Female  Search this
Mary Wilson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Diana Ross: Female  Search this
Diana Ross: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Diana Ross: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Diana Ross: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Pop  Search this
Florence Ballard: Female  Search this
Florence Ballard: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Steve Schapiro
Object number:
NPG.2006.24
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Steve Schapiro
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm414d097bb-dbb3-4fbc-a42f-ba444a4b55cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2006.24

Pauline Trigère

Artist:
Arthur Leipzig, 25 Oct 1918 - 5 Dec 2014  Search this
Sitter:
Pauline Trigère, 04 Nov 1908 - 13 Feb 2002  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23 × 34.3 cm (9 1/16 × 13 1/2")
Sheet: 27.3 × 35.1 cm (10 3/4 × 13 13/16")
Mat: 55.9 × 71.1 cm (22 × 28")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1968 (printed 1997)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Equipment\Textile Working\Needlework\Sewing\Measuring tape  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Home Furnishings\Mirror  Search this
Equipment\Textile Working\Needlework\Sewing\Dress dummy  Search this
Pauline Trigère: Female  Search this
Pauline Trigère: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.97.108
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Arthur Leipzig
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c936d7be-4058-4b77-9390-0a33853e9bb6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.97.108

Diana Ross (with Florence Ballard and Mary Wilson)

Artist:
Bruce Davidson, born 1933  Search this
Sitter:
Florence Ballard, 30 Jun 1943 - 22 Feb 1976  Search this
Diana Ross, born 26 Mar 1944  Search this
Mary Wilson, 6 Mar 1944 - 8 Feb 2021  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 20.4 x 35.3 cm (8 1/16 x 13 7/8")
Sheet: 27.8 x 35.3 cm (10 15/16 x 13 7/8")
Mat: 40.6 x 55.9 cm (16 x 22")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\Michigan\Wayne\Detroit
Date:
1965 (printed 1996)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace\Pearl  Search this
Equipment\Sound Devices\Microphone  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Saxophone  Search this
Interior\Studio\Music  Search this
Mary Wilson: Female  Search this
Mary Wilson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Diana Ross: Female  Search this
Diana Ross: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Diana Ross: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Diana Ross: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Pop  Search this
Florence Ballard: Female  Search this
Florence Ballard: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.96.170
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Bruce Davidson / Magnum Photos
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47753b001-4969-4c24-ab82-77234df99a29
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.96.170

Miss America 1951 Papers

Creator:
Betbeze, Yolande  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Sports, Entertainment and Leisure  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Cubic feet (8 boxes, 1 map folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Programs
Paper dolls
Interviews
Clippings
Awards
Photographs
Magazines (periodicals)
Advertisements
Date:
1910 - 2003
Summary:
Yolande Betbeze was crowned Miss America in September, 1950. During and after her reign she was influential in both the Civil Rights and Feminist movements. Her papers document her reign as Miss America, her life after Miss America, and the Miss America pageant itself.
Scope and Contents:
Scope and Content: This collection documents the life of Yolande Betbeze who reigned as Miss America 1951. Though the collection focuses heavily on the year of her reign from September 1950 to September 1951, it also includes information about her life before winning the Miss America pageant, the Miss Alabama and Miss America pageants of 1950, and her life post-Miss America. Visual imagery in the collection documents life and fashion in the 1950s through 2000. Newspaper articles offer evidence of the culture of the 1950s. This collection contains newspaper clippings, magazine articles, photographs, awards, and memorabilia of Miss America pageants throughout the twentieth century in the form of booklets, brochures, and paper dolls.

Series 1, Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, 1994, undated, includes newspaper articles, magazine articles, and awards from the House of Representatives, programs and brochures relating to Ms. Betbeze's activities as Miss America. All publicity articles—whether promotional or editorial-are included in this series. Betbeze traveled extensively during her reign, and her trips are documented here. Also included in this series are her visits to military installations, promotion of Miss America pageant sponsors, promotion of her own opera career, and most importantly her verbal attacks against the objectification of women in pageants while she wore the Miss America crown.

Subseries 1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1950-1951, undated,

includes newspaper clippings about Betbeze during her reign as Miss America, documenting nearly every event she attended and delving into her love life and home life. The clippings are arranged by month and year from September 1950 through September 1951. The newspaper articles from Betbeze's reign that are without a date are arranged by topic behind the dated clippings. This subseries also includes several articles published in magazines about Betbeze during her reign. The articles are arranged in chronological order by year behind the newspaper clippings.

Subseries 2, Awards, 1950, includes awards given to Betbeze by the House of Representatives after she was named Miss America in Atlantic City, as well as an award by the town of Chickasaw naming Betbeze an honorary citizen.

Subseries 3, Programs and Brochures, 1950-1951, includes mini-photo books of Betbeze from her reign as Miss America, as well as pageant programs from pageants she attended as Miss America. It also includes programs and brochures of events she attended and participated in as Miss America, such as her Coronation Ball and a Symphony in Fashion runway show. The materials are arranged with the photograph books first, followed by pageant programs, then programs from various events.

Subseries 4, Promotional Advertisements, 1950-1951, includes promotional advertisements for Nash Automobile, the Official Car Company of Miss America, and Everglaze Fabric. These advertisements are arranged in chronological order.

Subseries 5, Materials Related to Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, 1994, includes material relevant to Betbeze's reign as Miss America, such as her schedule book from September 1950 to September 1951 and a 1994 interview regarding her life, her reign, and her beliefs. The materials are arranged in chronological order by year.

Series 2, Post-Miss America Reign, 1951-2001, undated, documents Betbeze's life after her reign as Miss America through newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and Betbeze's copy of pageant judging guidelines for Miss America 1957. It also documents the changing view of women from the 1950s through the turn of the twenty-first century. Betbeze pursued a career in opera after Miss America, but this career ended with her marriage to Matthew Fox. Materials also relate to her marriage to Matthew Fox, her relationship with Cherif Guellal, her life in Georgetown in Washington D.C in the 1960s, and her participation in later Miss America pageants.

Subseries 1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1952-2001, undated, includes newspaper clippings and magazine articles about Betbeze after her reign as Miss America. They document her relationships, lifestyle, causes, and career. The clippings are arranged chronologically by year. The magazine articles are arranged chronologically by decade behind the newspaper clippings.

Subseries 2, Miss America Activities, 1957, comprises of Betbeze's copy of judging guidelines from the 1957 Miss America Pageant. It includes a schedule of events and the judging criteria for each woman, illustrating the changing perception of women in the United States of America from the 1950s through the twenty-first century.

Series 3, Photographs, 1950-2000, undated, documents Betbeze's life from the 1940s to the turn of the twenty-first century. It includes several photographs from her childhood and teen years. The majority of the series focuses on her reign as Miss America, including photos of her travels, glamour photos, publicity photos, and candid shots. It also includes photographs of Betbeze after her reign. There are negatives for several of the photographs. Photographs are arranged by topic.

Subseries 1, Pre-Miss America Reign, 1949-1950, contains Betbeze's life as a teenager and the Miss Alabama pageant. The photographs are arranged by topic.

Subseries 2, Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, undated, provides visual evidence enhancing the printed materials in the other series. It includes photographs of Betbeze's travels throughout the United States, Europe, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It also includes glamour photographs, candid shots, and publicity events that she attended as Miss America. There are a few photographs of her in a swimsuit. The photographs are arranged by topic.

Subseries 3, Post-Miss America Reign, 1951-2001, includes photographs of Betbeze in later life, especially at Miss America pageants in the 1990s. The photographs are arranged by topic.

Series 4, Materials Related to Miss America Pageants, 1910-2003, undated, documents the institution of the Miss America Pageant and its development throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first. It includes memorabilia from Atlantic City, the pageants, and Miss America advertisements. It includes official pageant yearbooks and correspondence to Betbeze regarding the seventy-fifth anniversary of Miss America, including a booklet about the pageant. It also includes Miss America Through the Looking Glass (1985), a book documenting the Miss America Pageant from its inception to the 1980s.

Subseries 1, Official Pageant Yearbooks, 1946-2003, comprises of Official Pageant Yearbooks. They illustrate the changing fashions and culture surrounding the pageant. They are arranged in chronological order by year.

Subseries 2, Miss America Memorabilia, 1910-2001, undated, consists of memorabilia of the Miss America Pageant and Atlantic City. The materials include a package for a hairnet from the 1920s, advertisements using the Miss America label for Lucky Strike cigarettes, sheet music for the Miss America and Miss Alabama official songs, Miss America Through the Looking Glass, various stickers advertising the pageant and Atlantic City, Miss America paper dolls, cards and postcards. The memorabilia is arranged in chronological order by year.

Subseries 3, Seventy-fifth Anniversary of Miss America, 1995, includes correspondence between pageant directors and Betbeze regarding the seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Miss America Pageant, as well as a brochure about the pageant. The materials are arranged by type; first is the correspondence regarding the seventy-fifth anniversary, then the brochure advertising Miss America.

Series 5, Yolande Betbeze Personal Papers, 1949-1999, undated, documents life behind-the-scenes through telegrams and letters from friends and fans, invitations and Betbeze's schedule book as Miss America. It includes magazine articles and newspaper clippings from her pre-Miss America years, and the layout of an interview she gave in 1994.

Subseries 1, Personal Correspondence, 1950-1995, undated, consists of personal letters between Betbeze and her friends, including Lenora Slaughter, the head of the Miss America Pageant when Betbeze was Miss America. It also includes fan-mail and autograph requests. The correspondence is arranged chronologically by year.

Subseries 2, Telegrams, 1950-1951, consists of telegrams that Betbeze received as Miss America. They consist of well wishes for her reign, birthday, and Christmas. The telegrams are arranged chronologically by year.

Subseries 3, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1949-1950, consists of newspaper clippings and magazine articles saved by Betbeze. They include reviews of her performance as Musetta in La Boheme in Mobile in 1949 and articles about Matthew Fox. The clippings are arranged chronologically by month and year. The magazine articles are arranged by year behind the newspaper clippings.
Arrangement:
Tyhe collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, 1994, undated

Subseries 1.1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1950-1951, undated

Subseries 1.2, Awards, 1950

Subseries 1.3, Programs and Brochures, 1950-1951

Subseries 1.4, Promotional Advertisements, 1950-1951

Subseries 1.5, Materials Related to Miss America Reign, 1950-1994

Series 2: Post Miss America, 1952-2001, undated

Subseries 1, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1952-2001, undated

Subseries 2, Miss America Activities, 1957

Series 3: Photographs, 1950-2000, undated

Subseries 3.1, Pre-Miss America Reign, 1949-1950

Subseries 3.2, Miss America Reign, 1950-1951, undated

Subseries 3.3, Post Miss America Reign, 1951-2001

Series 4: Materials Related to Miss America Pageants, 1910-2003, undated

Subseries 4.1, Official Pageant Yearbooks, 1946-2003

Subseries 4.2, Miss America Memorabilia, 1910-2001, undated

Subseries 4.3, Seventy-fifth Anniversary of Miss America, 1995

Series 5: Yolande Betbeze Personal Papers, 1949-1999, undated

Subseries 5.1, Personal Correspondence, 1950-1995, undated

Subseries 5.2, Telegrams, 1950-1951

Subseries 5.3, Newspaper Clippings and Magazine Articles, 1949-1950
Biographical / Historical:
Yolande Betbeze, Miss America 1951, was born in 1929 in Mobile, Alabama. Her mother was of Basque ancestry, so Yolande ended up with a foreign sounding name and dark European looks, quite different from the general populace of Mobile. Early on she aspired to become a famous opera singer, and took voice lessons throughout her teenage years. In 1949 she starred as Musetta in Puccini's La Boheme, through the Mobile Opera Guild.

In 1950, Yolande entered the Miss Mobile Beauty Pageant, hoping to win and continue to state and national levels to receive a scholarship to study voice in New York City, or even abroad. When she entered the pageant she gave her age as 21, but at her next birthday in late 1950 (presumably her 22nd) she confessed that she had lied about her age. Really, she was 20 when she entered the Miss America pageant, and this was her 21st birthday. She was crowned Miss Mobile, then Miss Alabama. In September 1950, she made her way to Atlantic City to compete for the title of Miss America. Newspapers in Alabama raved about her. Even journalists in the north predicted that Yolande would be crowned the next Miss America. In an interview, pageant director Lenora Slaughter says that from the moment she saw her she felt that Yolande would be crowned the next Miss America. During preliminaries, Yolande won first place in the swimsuit competition, while Miss Connecticut won first place in the talent competition. Nonetheless, Yolande wowed them with her singing. When she won the title of Miss America, her schedule quickly filled with singing engagements.

On September 9th, 1950, Yolande Betbeze was crowned Miss America. She became an overnight success due to her grace, poise, beauty, and talent. However, she had received an education at a convent school, and felt a bit squeamish about 'cheesecake poses' in a bathing suit. Every Miss America had done a swimsuit tour, even though it wasn't in their contracts that they must, and Yolande was expected to follow in their footsteps. But she wanted to be an opera star, not a pin-up girl, she declared. After winning Miss America, she refused to pose in a swimsuit unless she was going swimming.

The Catalina Swimwear Company, a sponsor of the Miss America pageant, did not like Yolande's stance on swimsuits. They contended that the Miss America pageant had become less focused on the beauty of the contestant and more on their talents and personality. They wanted to bring beauty back. They pulled their sponsorship and created a new pageant line which now includes Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss Teen USA. This pageant focuses only on the physical beauty of a competitor. Even today there is no talent portion, and even the interview portion has been diluted.

Another issue of the Miss America pageant involved the marriage of a Miss America. Though Yolande had no plans to marry, or even a boyfriend, the papers certainly wanted to know the details surrounding her love-life and ability to marry with the title Miss America. Yolande explained that she received an extra $4000 for staying single throughout the year, but if she wanted to marry she could ask permission from the 18 pageant directors. "Wouldn't it be easier to wait a year?" she asked.

Her year as Miss America was an eventful one. She traveled throughout the United States, the Bahamas, Mexico, France, and Italy. She met with Congressmen, foreign leaders, opera stars, and famous fashion designers. According to Lenora Slaughter, Yolande had the fullest schedule of any Miss America to that date. Everyone agreed that she had put class into the Miss America pageant.

After her reign, she was succeeded as Miss America by Colleen Kay Hutchins, originally Miss Utah. The two became friends and Yolande was in Colleen's wedding some years later. Yolande took up philanthropic causes—fighting for racial equality in the pageants, for instance. She also marched in civil rights demonstrations, participated in sit-ins, and marched in a feminist demonstration in Atlantic City. In 1954 she married a motion picture and television producer, Matthew Fox. They had one daughter before his death in 1964. After she was widowed, Yolande moved to Georgetown in the District of Columbia, where she lives to this day.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

The Miss America 1943 [Jean Bartel] Photographs, 1943-1944 (AC0902)
Separated Materials:
The Division of Work and Industry, Natiuonal Museum of American Historu holds artifacts related to this collection: the Miss America crown, scepter, and sash of 1950-1951, worn by the donor, and the Miss Alabama sash and Miss America ribbon of 1950-1951.
Provenance:
Donated by Yolande Betbeze in 2005.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark.
Topic:
Beauty contests -- United States  Search this
Beauty contestants  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Programs
Paper dolls
Interviews
Clippings -- 20th century
Awards
Photographs -- 1950-2000
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Citation:
Miss America 1951 Papers, 1949-2000, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0888
See more items in:
Miss America 1951 Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep831c413c2-0f80-442d-96bb-d1c263de59a7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0888
Online Media:

Designers

Collection Creator:
Grepke, Donald, 1932-  Search this
Grepke, Carolyn, 1937-1995  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1950-1980
Scope and Contents:
Comprise of materials documenting the creative work of American, French, and Italian clothing designers dating from circa 1890-1970s. Materials include couture, ready-to-wear clothing, and costumes for film and theater productions. Fashion designers include Elsa Schiaparelli (1890-1973), Coco Chanel (1883-1971), Claire McCardell (1905-1958), and Paul Poiret (1879-1944). There are also materials representing time periods of fashion design including La Belle Époque (1890-1914). The materials are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the designer followed by collections representing the 1920s-1960s.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
The Carolyn and Donald Grepke Paper Doll Collection, 1800s-1998, undated, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0752, Subseries 8.3
See more items in:
The Carolyn and Donald Grepke Paper Doll Collection
The Carolyn and Donald Grepke Paper Doll Collection / Series 8: Clothing and Fashion
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e6278267-66cf-4c3b-adf9-d2e27818b914
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0752-ref949

Brooch/Pin

Culture/People:
Plains Ojibwa (Bungi) [Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Flora Big Knife (Flora Stump), Plains Ojibwa (Bungi) [Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana], ca. 1908-1998  Search this
Previous owner:
Vera Maxwell (Vera Huppe Maxwell), Non-Indian, 1901-1995  Search this
Donor:
Vera Maxwell, Incorporated  Search this
Object Name:
Brooch/Pin
Media/Materials:
Commercially tanned leather, glass bead/beads, metal jewelry findings
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork, edge beaded, strung, stitched
Dimensions:
8 x 4.5 cm
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Rocky Boy's Reservation; Hill County; Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1950-1975
Catalog Number:
25/2850
Barcode:
252850.000
See related items:
Plains Ojibwa (Bungi) [Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66ae386ce-ba38-4fb4-a20b-f036c79197f7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_268725
Online Media:

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.45 Cubic feet (consisting of 3 boxes, 2 folders, 2 oversize folders, 1 map case folder, plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Speeches
Monographs
Newsclippings
Fliers (printed matter)
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Books
Realia
Magazines (periodicals)
Plates (illustrations)
Programs
Application forms
Illustrations
Concert programs
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Booklets
Publications
Transcriptions
Certificates
Pamphlets
Date:
1787-1964
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Women documents the Suffrage Movement within the United States, as well as aspects of women's lives and societal contributions. This includes information about women's social lives, fashion, health, occupations, as well as commentary about the roles and expectations of many women in society. There is a notable shortage of material related to women of color.

Women includes newslippings, and material related to pro and anti-Suffrage efforts such as fliers, speeches, monographs, and realia. Outside of Suffrage-related topics, Women also includes artistic prints and images of women, poems about women, and serial publications related to women's issues or oriented towards an audience of women.

Women includes a span of subject materials related to more specfic aspects of women's lives and social commentary. This includes historical overviews of notable women's lives, guides to aspects of womanhood, fashion documentation, literature to promote good health, and background about the role of women in varied trades.

No single subtopic is explored in particular depth, though Women offers general information about various aspects of women's lives and varied social and political environments.
Arrangement:
Women is arranged in three subseries.

Missing Title

Suffrage Movement

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Missing Title

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Women is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, and it was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published since Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Composers  Search this
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Topic:
Fashion -- United States -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Women iron and steel workers  Search this
Fashion -- 20th century  Search this
Women laborers  Search this
United States-Social life and customs  Search this
Health  Search this
Suffragists  Search this
Religion  Search this
Women musicians  Search this
Women -- Social life and customs -- 19th century  Search this
Children  Search this
Industry  Search this
Labor  Search this
Childbirth  Search this
Dress  Search this
Fashion design  Search this
Marriages  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Women -- Political activity  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Social interaction  Search this
Industry -- U.S.  Search this
Women -- Employment  Search this
Women -- Civil rights  Search this
Women -- Health and hygiene  Search this
Children and childbirth  Search this
Clubs  Search this
Women's music  Search this
Social norms  Search this
Women -- Organizations  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's suffrage -- United States  Search this
Women's rights  Search this
Child rearing  Search this
Musical performances  Search this
Women employees  Search this
Women's rights -- United States  Search this
Marriage and family -- women, status of  Search this
Marriage  Search this
Women -- Suffrage  Search this
Mental health  Search this
Banking  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Marriage and family  Search this
Women -- Societies and clubs  Search this
Hygiene  Search this
Fashion  Search this
War  Search this
Banks and banking, American -- 19th century  Search this
Music  Search this
Health education  Search this
Women -- Education  Search this
Journalists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Speeches
Monographs
Newsclippings
Fliers (printed matter)
Clippings
Newspaper clippings
Books
Realia
Magazines (periodicals)
Plates (illustrations)
Programs
Application forms
Illustrations
Concert programs
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Booklets
Publications
Transcriptions
Certificates
Pamphlets
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Women
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Women
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82872300c-a4e2-4b50-bc09-a07880235215
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-women
Online Media:

Pauline Trigère

Artist:
Arthur Leipzig, 25 Oct 1918 - 5 Dec 2014  Search this
Sitter:
Pauline Trigère, 04 Nov 1908 - 13 Feb 2002  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23.1 × 34.6 cm (9 1/8 × 13 5/8")
Sheet: 27.8 × 35.6 cm (10 15/16 × 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1968 (printed 1997)
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Earring  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Equipment\Textile Working\Needlework\Sewing\Measuring tape  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Bracelet  Search this
Tool\Scissors  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Pauline Trigère: Female  Search this
Pauline Trigère: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Arthur Leipzig
Object number:
NPG.97.109
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Arthur Leipzig
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42a81a8ae-98ca-4251-a15c-b61c3138dcbb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.97.109

Rudi Gernreich

Artist:
Boris Chaliapin, 22 Sep 1904 - 18 May 1979  Search this
Sitter:
Rudi Gernreich, 1922 - 1985  Search this
Medium:
Gouache and graphite pencil, with painted mylar overlay, on paperboard
Dimensions:
35.3cm x 25.2cm (13 7/8" x 9 15/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1967
Topic:
Costume\Footwear\Boots  Search this
Rudi Gernreich: Male  Search this
Rudi Gernreich: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine
Object number:
NPG.78.TC400
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Chris Murphy
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4c7a7dc6d-d1ce-491e-94ec-84edb7e441aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.TC400

Portrait of Martha Reed

Artist:
Leon Shulman Gaspard, 1882 - 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Martha Reed, 20th century  Search this
Medium:
Crayon on paper
Dimensions:
Sight: 45 x 60 cm (17 11/16 x 23 5/8" )
Type:
Drawing
Date:
late 19th-mid 20th century
Topic:
Martha Reed: Female  Search this
Martha Reed: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Kit Carson Historic Museums - Ernest Blumenschein House
Object number:
NM080025
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4656013bf-d077-47aa-bef0-fa17c37c4721
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NM080025

Lauren Bacall and the Boys

Alternate Title:
Lauren Bacall (with Pierre Cardin, Emanuel Ungaro, Yves Saint Laurent, and Marc Bohan)
Artist:
Bea Feitler, 1938 - 8 Apr 1982  Search this
Copy after:
Joseph Eula, 16 Jan 1925 - 27 Oct 2004  Search this
Sitter:
Pierre Cardin, 2 Jul 1922 - 29 Dec 2020  Search this
Emanuel Ungaro, born 1933  Search this
Lauren Bacall, 16 Sep 1924 - 12 Aug 2014  Search this
Yves Saint Laurent, 1 Aug 1936 - 1 Jun 2008  Search this
Marc Bohan, born 22 Aug 1926  Search this
Medium:
Color photolithographic poster with halftone
Dimensions:
Sheet: 97.2 x 63.3 cm (38 1/4 x 24 15/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1968
Topic:
Poster  Search this
Commercial\Advertisement  Search this
Pierre Cardin: Male  Search this
Pierre Cardin: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Female  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Theater  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Society and Social Change\Fashion model  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Performing Arts\Performer\Entertainer\Radio  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Television  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Oscar  Search this
Lauren Bacall: Literature\Writer\Autobiographer  Search this
Emanuel Ungaro: Male  Search this
Yves Saint Laurent: Male  Search this
Yves Saint Laurent: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Marc Bohan: Male  Search this
Marc Bohan: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jack Rennert
Object number:
NPG.2007.161
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Greene-Eula, Inc.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm41a440f63-c19b-44a4-ac79-b00586dca1bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2007.161

The Supremes

Alternate Title:
Diana Ross (with Mary Wilson and Florence Ballard)
Artist:
Joseph Eula, 16 Jan 1925 - 27 Oct 2004  Search this
Sitter:
Mary Wilson, 6 Mar 1944 - 8 Feb 2021  Search this
Diana Ross, born 26 Mar 1944  Search this
Florence Ballard, 30 Jun 1943 - 22 Feb 1976  Search this
Medium:
Color photolithographic poster
Dimensions:
Sheet: 96.5 x 63.5 cm (38 x 25")
Type:
Print
Date:
1965
Topic:
Poster  Search this
Mary Wilson: Female  Search this
Mary Wilson: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Diana Ross: Female  Search this
Diana Ross: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Diana Ross: Performing Arts\Performer\Actor\Movie  Search this
Diana Ross: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Pop  Search this
Florence Ballard: Female  Search this
Florence Ballard: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Popular  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Jack Rennert
Object number:
NPG.2007.164
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Estate of Joe Eula
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1960-2000
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 342
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm421d04e32-cae2-4a96-acfa-cc5a9c2111f5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2007.164

Coco Chanel and Unidentified Woman

Artist:
Sir Cecil Beaton, 14 Jan 1904 - 18 Jan 1980  Search this
Sitter:
Coco Chanel, 19 Aug 1883 - 10 Jan 1971  Search this
Unidentified Woman  Search this
Medium:
Pencil
Dimensions:
Sheet (estimate): 25.4 × 19.1cm (10 × 7 1/2")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1960s?
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Caricature  Search this
Tool\Scissors  Search this
Human Figures\Model\Fashion model  Search this
Unidentified Woman: Female  Search this
Coco Chanel: Female  Search this
Coco Chanel: Visual Arts\Designer\Fashion Designer  Search this
Coco Chanel: Health and Medicine\Nurse  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Portrait Gallery, London
Object number:
D17953(44) PGL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b82fe094-2018-4080-8a65-3b82c6cf08ff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_D17953_44__PGL

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