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Acee Blue Eagle papers

Creator:
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959  Search this
Names:
Abbott, Mae  Search this
Beaver, Fred  Search this
Bosin, Blackbear, 1921-1980  Search this
Campbell, Walter S.  Search this
Dale, Edward E.  Search this
Debo, Angie, 1890-1988  Search this
Dja, Devi  Search this
Echohawk, Brummett T., 1922-2006  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H. (Charles Herron), 1913-1985  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Field, Dorothy  Search this
Gilcrease, Thomas, 1890-1962  Search this
Houser, Allan, 1914-1994  Search this
Howe, Oscar, 1915-1983  Search this
Jackson, Oscar B.  Search this
Lemos, Pedro de  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Martinez, Julian, -1943  Search this
Martínez, María Montoya  Search this
McCombs, Solomon, 1913-1980 (Creek)  Search this
Medicine Crow, Joseph, 1913-2016  Search this
Mirabel, Eva  Search this
Momaday, Al  Search this
Pond, Charles E.  Search this
Rowan, Edward B.  Search this
Shears, Glen E.  Search this
Sheets, Nan  Search this
Steinke, Bettina, 1913-1999  Search this
Sunrise, Riley  Search this
Te Ata  Search this
Whitehorse, Roland Noah, 1920-1998  Search this
Extent:
673 Paintings (visual works) (approximate)
30 Linear feet (55 document boxes and 8 oversize boxes)
Culture:
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Paintings (visual works)
Date:
1907 - 1975
Summary:
Acee Blue Eagle was a Pawnee-Creek artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. The papers relate to both Blue Eagle's personal and professional life. Also included are some materials of Blue Eagle's friend Mae Abbott and a collection of art by other Indians.
Scope and Contents:
This collection reflects the life and work of Acee Blue Eagle, internationally famed Indian artist of Oklahoma. Identified for his brilliant paintings of tribal ceremonies, legend and dance, Blue Eagle's work is represented in numerous private collections and museums both in this country and abroad.

A portion of the papers contains correspondence. Fan mail written by school children to Chief Blue Eagle of the Chief Blue Eagle television program is included. Letters regarding Blue Eagle's participation in Indian festivals and events, art shows and exhibitions, speaking engagements on Indian life and culture are found in the collection. Personal correspondence is included; most frequent correspondents are Devi Dja, Mae Abbott, and Charles E. Pond. There are approximately 100 letters from Devi Dja, approximately 90 to or from Mae Abbott, and approximately 36 from Charles E. Pond. Some letters addressed to these individuals from other friends and acquaintances are also within this collection.

Photographs comprise a large portion of the Blue Eagle collection. Included are not only portraits of the artist himself and photographs of his art work, but a large number of prints of Blue Eagle in full costume and other Indians engaged in tribal ceremonies, identified by tribe, whenever possible. Photographs of Mae Abbott, Devi Dja and the latter's Balinese dance troupe are identified. A file of negatives is arranged in the same subject order as the prints. Newspaper and magazine clippings regarding Blue Eagle's work and activities are also included in the collection. These clippings have not been arranged. In addition, Mae Abbott's recipes and notes for her cookbook, wood blocks, greeting cards and other miscellaneous publications can be found in the collection. These items have been sorted but not arranged.

Within the collection are also over 600 pieces of artwork. A good number are by Blue Eagle while most are by other Native artists. Artists whose are work are represented in the collection include Fred Beaver, Harrison Begay, Archie Blackowl, Woodrow Crumbo, Allan Houser, Ruthe Blalock Jones, Quicy Tahoma, Pablita Verde, and members of the Kiowa Five (Spencer Asah, James Auchiah, Stephen Mopope, Monroe Tsatoke).
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into six series: 1) Personal; 2) Collections; 3) Artwork; 4) Television; 5) Correspondence; 6) Photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Acee Blue Eagle was an artist, poet, dancer, teacher, and celebrity. Born Alex C. McIntosh in 1907, Blue Eagle attended Indian schools in Anadarko, Nuyaka, and Euchee, Oklahoma, and the Haskell and Chilocco Indian schools. Advanced study came at Bacone Indian College and the University of Oklahoma. At the latter, he studied with Oscar B. Jacobson. Privately he studied with Winold Reiss. Discrepancies exist in the records regarding his early life: born in either Anadarko or Hitchita, Oklahoma; he's cited as both Pawnee-Creek and 5/8 Creek without any Pawnee blood; his mother is either Mattie Odom, the first wife of Solomon McIntosh or Ella Starr, McIntosh's second wife.

A prolific painter who, for the sake of authenticity, carried out research in libraries and museums, Blue Eagle was an outstanding American Indian artist of the 1930s-1950s. His paintings hung in many exhibits, including the Exposition of Indian Tribal Arts, 1932-1933; International Art Exhibition of Sport Subjects at Los Angeles, 1932; Chicago Century of Progress Exposition, 1934; a one-man show at the Young Galleries in Chicago; National Exhibition of Art at the Rockefeller Center in New York, 1936; a one-man show at the Washington, D.C., Arts Club, 1936; Museum of Modern Art, 1941; Northwest Art Exhibition at Spokane, Washington, 1944; a one-man show at the Gilcrease Institute in Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1953; An Exposition of American Indian Painters in New York, 1955; and a one-man show at the Philbrook Art Center in Tulsa, 1957. Between 1946 and 1965, over fifty galleries hung his paintings. Some pieces are among the permanent holdings of many institutions.

In 1934, Blue Eagle joined the Work Projects Administration (WPA) Public Works of Art Project, painting murals in public buildings. In 1935 at Oxford University, he participated in a program of the International Federation of Education and lectured on Indian art. A tour of Europe followed. He taught at Bacone Indian College from 1935-1938 where he founded the art program and became Director of Art. He also taught at the University of Kansas extension division in 1949 and Oklahoma State Technical College beginning in 1956. During World War II, he served in the United States Army Air Force; and, following the war, he spent a few years attempting to get into the movies. During 1946-1952, he was married to his second wife, a famous Balinese dancer, Devi Dja, and became involved in her career, an involvement that was briefly reflected in his art. However, Dja and Blue Eagle divorced and Blue Eagle lived with Mae Wadley Abbott for the last years of his life. During the 1950s, he had a television show for children on a Tulsa-Muskogee station. Acee Blue Eagle died on June 18, 1959 of a liver infection.

Sources Consulted

Martindale, Rob. Muskogee Paying Tribute to Blue Eagle. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

West, Juanita W. 1967. Acee Blue Eagle: A.C. McIntosh. Biographical/Genealogical data, Box 1, Acee Blue Eagle Collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

1907 -- Born August 17, 1907 on the Wichita Reservation, north of Anadarko, Oklahoma

1928 -- Graduated Chilocco High School

1929-1934 -- Attended Bacone College, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State Tech

1935 -- Toured United States and Europe giving lecture-exhibition program, "Life and Character of the American Indian"

1935-1938 -- Established and headed art department at Bacone College at Muskogee

1936 -- Exhibited at the National Exhibition of Art, Rockefeller Center, New York

1942-1945 -- World War II, U.S. Air Force (Army)

1947-49 -- Free-lance work in New York and Chicago

1951-52 -- Artist-in-residence at Oklahoma Tech

1950-54 -- Conducted TV program, Muskogee, OklahomaToured U.S. West Coast exhibiting and lecturing about ways to improve TV programs for children

1958 -- Named Indian-of-the-Year by the American Indian Expostion at Anadarko, Oklahoma

1959 -- Died June 18, 1959
Related Materials:
Other materials relating to Acee Blue Eagle at the National Anthropological Archives include correspondence in the Solomon McCombs papers, 1914-1972, and correspondence with Betty Meilink under Manuscript 2011-20.
Provenance:
Acee Blue Eagle's private papers and collection of paintings were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Mrs. Mae Abbott of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Restrictions:
There are no restrictions on access.
Rights:
Literary property rights to unpublished material in the collection in the National Anthropological Archives has been given to the public.
Topic:
Indian art -- North America  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Citation:
Acee Blue Eagle Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1973-51
See more items in:
Acee Blue Eagle papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1973-51
Online Media:

Seminoles of Florida / Wyatt Blassingame ; [revised by Charles H. Fairbanks]

Author:
Blassingame, Wyatt  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H. - (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
[48] p. : ill., map, (some col.) ; 21 x 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Date:
1963
C1963
Call number:
E99.S28 B547 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_798325

Early Spanish colonial beads

Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Florida
Date:
1968
Topic:
Glass beads  Search this
Call number:
E159.5 .C6aX
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_663446

Archeology of the funeral mound : Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia / by Charles H. Fairbanks ; with introduction by Frank M. Setzler

Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H. - (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 95 p. illus., maps 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Georgia
Ocmulgee National Monument (Ga.)
Date:
1956
Topic:
Funeral customs and rites  Search this
Mounds  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
E78.G3 F16 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_497334

Indians, colonists, and slaves : essays in memory of Charles H. Fairbanks / edited by Kenneth W. Johnson, Jonathan M. Leader, Robert C. Wilson

Author:
Johnson, Kenneth W  Search this
Leader, Jonathan M  Search this
Wilson, Robert C  Search this
University of Florida Anthropology Student Association  Search this
Subject:
Fairbanks, Charles H (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 252 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
Topic:
Anthropology--Study and teaching (Higher)  Search this
Archaeology--Study and teaching (Higher)  Search this
Antiquities--Study and teaching (Higher)  Search this
Call number:
E77 .I39 1985
E77.I39 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_324873

Prehistoric cultures of the Southeast

Author:
Kelly, A. R (Arthur Randolph) 1900-1979  Search this
Friedlander, Louis  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H. - (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. l., 31, [1] p. illus. (incl. maps (1 double)) 18 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Ocmulgee National Monument (Ca.)
Southern States
Date:
1941
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F211.P92 1941
F211.P92 1941
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_269110

Florida archaeology / Jerald T. Milanich, Charles H. Fairbanks

Author:
Milanich, Jerald T  Search this
Fairbanks, Charles H (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 290 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Date:
1980
C1980
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
E78.F6 M55X
E78.F6M55X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_132807

Ethnohistorical report on the Florida Indians [by] Charles H. Fairbanks. Commission findings

Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H. - (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
United States Indian Claims Commission  Search this
Physical description:
582 p. maps (part fold.)
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Date:
1974
Topic:
Claims  Search this
Call number:
E78.F6 F16
E78.F6F16
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_42110

The Florida Seminole people, by Charles H. Fairbanks

Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
104 p. photos, illus. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
[c1973]
Call number:
E99.S28 F16
E99.S28 F16
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_59701

Florida anthropology

Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Florida Anthropological Society  Search this
Physical description:
ii, 81 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Date:
1958
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
E78.F6 F16f
E78.F6F16f
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_68337

Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia / Charles H. Fairbanks ; introduction by Frank M. Setzler ; with a new introduction by Mark Williams

Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H. - (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 95 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Georgia
Ocmulgee National Monument
Ocmulgee National Monument (Ga.)
Date:
2003
1956
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Mounds  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_915771

Ethnohistorical report of the Florida Indians

Title:
Before the Indian Claims Commission
Author:
Fairbanks, Charles H (Charles Herron) 1913-1985  Search this
Physical description:
v, 286 leaves ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Florida
Date:
1957
1957]
Call number:
E78.F6 F158 1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_930794

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