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Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers

Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Names:
American Antiquity  Search this
Extent:
13 Items (2 oversize boxes, 7 printing blocks, and 4 map drawers. )
51 Linear feet (115 document boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 5x6x2.5" box, and 1 record storage box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1893-1994
bulk 1930-1993
Scope and Contents:
While these papers primarily consist of Waldo's archeological work in the field and his many publications, the collection also contains Mildred's correspondence and manuscripts, most of which concern her ethnohistorical and archeological work, conferences in which she participated, and her publications, particularly those on La Harpe. Most of the material dates between 1930 and 1990.

A useful way to consider these materials is to conceptualize them as a continuum from project proposals to funding, into fieldwork materials, and ultimately toward manuscripts and publications. These texts generate reputations in academic and museum circles, in this case, drawing Waldo into various organizations and conferences throughout his career. As he rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian, his responsibilities and visibility within the museum also increased. This gradual transformation is reflected in the correspondence, organizational and administrative, and research and field work series. Because these and other facets of Waldo's career both constantly and consistently interfaced, the boundaries between the various series and types of materials contained in this collection are highly permeable. This should be kept in mind when reviewing them.

Among Waldo's correspondence are letters from A.T. Hill, F.M. Setzler, and W.D. Strong. The Organizational and Administrative Material contains material from the Department of Anthropology, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science Foundation, the River Basin Survey, and Tulumniu research. Also included is material from the 5th through the 44th Plains conferences, as well as material from Society for American Archaeology meetings and seminars. Writings include both published and unpublished works. The published works are mainly those by Waldo, however, there are several publications from Mildred. Many of the publications are articles from journals, such as the American Anthropologist and American Antiquity. Drafts and writing notes of both Waldo and Mildred make up the bulk of the writings series. The Research and Fieldwork Materials contains papers relating to Waldo's fieldwork on the River Basin Surveys, as well as his work in Kansas, Missouri and Michigan. In addition, there is material relating to his expert testimony in claims cases brought by the Missouri and Oto, Pawnee, and Kansa Indians (which also involved Mildred) during the 1940s and 1950s. The series of Photographs consists of lantern slides, prints, and negatives. There are extensive photographs of Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska, including field sites, artifacts, bones and landscape. The Personal series contains a miscellany of Waldo's materials, such as his business card and materials from his days as a study at UC Berkeley. Finally, there are several drawers of site maps, topographic maps, aeronautical maps and county maps of Kansas, Wyoming, South Dakota, and Missouri.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
The papers of Waldo Wedel and Mildred Wedel are organized into the following series: Correspondence; Organizational and Administrative Material; Writings; Research and Fieldwork Materials; Personal; Photographs; Printing Blocks; and Maps.
Biographical Note:
Waldo R. Wedel was born in Newton, Kansas in 1908. He grew up in and around Newton with Emil Haury. He graduated from Bethel Academy in 1928 and earned his B.A. at the University of Arizona in 1930. It was at Arizona that Waldo began his development as a field archeologist, working under Dean Cummings and Haury. He continued his education at University of Nebraska, where he was a student of William Duncan Strong, who trained him in Plains archeology and introduced him to the direct historical approach. Through an apprenticeship under Strong, Waldo conducted fieldwork in Signal Butte, Loup River Valley, and in eastern Nebraska during 1930-1933. After earning his M.A. in 1931, he enrolled in the doctoral program at University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1936). During his education at Berkeley, although his chief mentor was Alfred Kroeber, he was strongly influenced by the ecological ideas of geographer Carl Sauer. In the late 1930's, Wedel began to concentrate on a survey of his native Kansas, a region little known archeologically. The Kansas survey began during the field seasons of 1937 and 1938. 1n 1938, he also excavated at a Hopewell site in Platte County, Missouri. In the summer of 1946, Wedel was detailed to establish and direct the Missouri Basin Project (MBP) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys (RBS). He continued as the MBP director until 1950 and was detailed each summer to the MBP headquarters in Lincoln, Nebraska. He also worked at sites in South Dakota, Colorado, and the Texas Panhandle from the 1950s to the 1970s.

Except for early work for the Nebraska Historical Society and Gila Pueblo Foundation, Waldo's institutional affiliation was with the Smithsonian Institution. In 1936, he was appointed assistant curator under Neil M. Judd in the Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (USNM). He was made associate curator in 1942. During World War II, he was detailed for a brief period to the Military Planning Division of the Quartermaster Corps, charged with analysis of captured foreign material. In 1950, he was named curator of archeology at the USNM. In 1962, he became head curator of the Department of Anthropology, and in 1964-1965, he was acting head of the newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. He became Senior Archeologist in 1965. In 1977, he retired from what had become the Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History and became curator emeritus. He continued activity with the department until 1990 when he moved to Boulder, Colorado. He died in 1996.

Mildred Mott was born in Marengo, Iowa on September 7, 1912. She was trained in history at the University of Iowa (A.B. 1934) and in anthropology with an emphasis on archeology at the University of Chicago (M.A., 1938). She also attended University of New Mexico Jemez Field School in the summer of 1933. She conducted fieldwork under Ellison Orr at Hill Mound Group (13AM105) and Brazell's Island Bear Effigy Mound (13AM81) in Allamakee County in 1936. In the following year, she worked at the Kincaid site in Illinois. She also assisted Florence Hawley in the University of Chicago Dendrochronology Laboratory (1937-38). In 1938, she served as field director for Charles Keyes' archaeological excavation near Webster City, Iowa.

In 1939, Mildred married Waldo Wedel and afterwards accompanied him on many trips to the field. In addition, she pursued an interest in ethnohistory that she developed in school. In particular, she worked on the ethnohistory of regions where her husband was working, often taking advantage of field seasons to retrace routes of early European explorers. Thus, she carried out intensive work on French explorations in the Plains areas (particularly Jean-Baptiste Bénard, Sieur de la Harpe; Pierre-Charles Le Sueur; Claude-Charles Dutisne; and Jean-Baptiste Teuteau). She also published on Plains Caddoan origins and on the Iowa and the Wichita. In 1978-1979, under contract with the Corps of Engineers, she studied the ethnohistory of a Wichita village and French post at the Deer Creek site, Kay County, Oklahoma.

In 1974, Mildred was appointed a Smithsonian Institution research associate in anthropology. In 1985, she was one of several women honored by the American Anthropological Association for their long-time involvement in anthropology. She died in 1995.

Waldo R. Wedel (see also Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel)

1908 -- Born in Newton, Kansas

1930 -- B.A. from University of Arizona

1930-1933 -- Apprenticeship under William Duncan Strong at Signal Butte, Loup River Valley, Nebraska

1931 -- M. A. from University of Nebraska

1936 -- Assistant Curator under Neil M. Judd, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM) Ph.D. from University of California at Berkeley

1937-1938 -- Field work in Kansas

1938 -- Excavation at a Hopewell site in Platte County, Missouri

1939 -- Married Mildred Mott Wedel

1942 -- Associate Curator, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM)

1946 -- Established Missouri Basin Project (MBP) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys (RBS), serves as Director

1946-1950 -- Served with Military Planning Division of the Quartermaster Corps

1950 -- Curator of Archeology, United States National Museum (USNM)

1962 -- Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology

1964-1965 -- Acting Head of newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology

1965 -- Senior Archeologist, Smithsonian Office of Anthropology

1977 -- Curator Emeritus, retired from Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History

1977-1990 -- Continued involvement with Department of Anthropology

1990 -- Moved to Boulder, Colorado

1996 -- Died

Mildred Mott Wedel

1912 -- Born in Marengo, Iowa

1933 -- Attended University of New Mexico Jemez Field School during the summer

1934 -- A.B. from University of Iowa

1936 -- Fieldwork under Ellison Orr at Hill Mound Group (13AM105) and Brazell's Island Bear Effigy Mound (13AM81) in Allamakee County

1937 -- Fieldwork at Kincaid Site in Illinois Assisted Florence Hawley in the University of Chicago Dendrochronology Laboratory

1938 -- M.A. from University of Chicago Field director for Charles Keyes' archaeological excavation near Webster City, Iowa

1939 -- Married Waldo R. Wedel

1974 -- Research associate, Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History

1978-1979 -- Studied the ethnohistory of a Wichita village and French post at the Deer Creek site, Kay County, Oklahoma

1990 -- Moved to Boulder, Colorado

1995 -- Died
Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel:
This timeline was created by Waldo R. Wedel in the 1990s.

1929 -- Place: Arizona (Turkey Hill Pueblo, near Flagstaff)Organizational Affiliation: University of Arizona field party (BC)

1930 -- Place: Nebraska, eastern and southern (Rock Bluffs, Gates, Dooley, Hill sites)Organizational Affiliation: University of Nebraska field party (WDS)Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1935. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. SMC 93:10.

1931 -- Place: Nebraska, Loup valley (Burkett, Gray‑Wolfe, Sweetwater sites)Organizational Affiliation: University of Nebraska field party leaderReported in: Dunlevy, M. L. 1936. A Comparison of the Cultural Manifestations of the Burkett (Nance County) and Gray‑Wolfe (Colfax County) sites.Reported in: Chapters in Nebraska Archeology, pp. 147‑247.Reported in: Champe, J. L. 1936. The Sweetwater Culture Complex. Chapters in Nebraska Archeology, pp. 249‑299.

1932 -- Place: Nebraska (Signal Butte) and South Dakota (Leavenworth)Organizational Affiliation: Bureau of American Ethnology (WDS)Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1935. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. SMC 93:10.Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1933. Studying the Arikara and their Neighbors on the Upper Missouri. Explor. and Field­ Work of the Smithsonian Institution in 1932.

1933 -- Place: Nebraska (Medicine Creek)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska State Historical Society (ATH)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1934. Preliminary Notes on the Archeology of Medicine Valley in Southwestern Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine, 14:3:144-166. Place: Oklahoma (Comanche ethnography near Layton)Organizational Affiliation: Laboratory of Anthropology Fellow (R Linton)

1933-1934 -- Place: California (Buena Vista Lake)Organizational Affiliation: CWA relief expedition (WDS)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1941. Archeological Investigations at Buena Vista Lake, BAE Bulletin 130.

1934 -- Place: Nebraska and Kansas (Republican Valley; Minneapolis, Paint Creek)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska State Historical Society (ATH)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1935. Reports on Field Work by the Archeological Survey of the Nebraska State Historical Society, May 1 to July 23, 1934. Nebraska History Magazine, 15:3:130-256.

1935 -- Place: California (Sacramento Valley: Howells Point, Redding; San Francisco Bay shellmounds)Organizational Affiliation: University of California field party leader

1936 -- Place: Nebraska (survey in Loup River drainage)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska Historical Society and Gila Pueblo

1937 -- Place: Missouri and Kansas (Renner, Doniphan, Manhattan)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1943. Archeological Investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. U.S.N.M., Bulletin 183.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An IntroductionReported in: To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.

1938 -- Place: Missouri, Colorado (Steed-Kisker, vault mounds; Purgatoire survey)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1943. Archeological Investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. U.S.N.M., Bulletin 183.

1939 -- Place: Kansas (Scott and Lane Counties)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An Introduction To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.

1940 -- Place: Kansas (Rice and Cowley Counties)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An Introduction To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.

1943 -- Place: Mexico (La Venta)Organizational Affiliation: Smithsonian‑National Geographic Society expedition under MWSReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1952. Structural Investigations in 1943. In: La Venta, Tabasco, a Study of Olmec Ceramics and Art, by P. Drucker, BAE ‑ Bull. 153, pp. 34-79.

1946-1949 -- Place: Missouri River BasinOrganizational Affiliation: Field director Missouri Basin Project, River Basin Surveys, Smithsonian InstitutionReported in: Wedel, W. R., 1947. Prehistory and the Missouri Valley Development Program: Summary Report on the Missouri River Basin Archeological Survey in 1946. SMC. 107:6:1‑17.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1948. SMC 111:2.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1953. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 1; BAE ‑ Bull. 154, pp. 1‑59.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1953. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 2; BAE ‑ Bull. 154, pp. 61‑101.

1951 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1952 -- Place: Wyoming (Horner site)Organizational Affiliation: Archeologist on Smithsonian-Princeton expedition.Reported in: Frison, Geo. C. and L. C. Todd, eds. I987 The Horner Site: Type Site of the Cody Cultural Complex. Ch. 2 History of the Princeton and Smithsonian Investigations. Academic Press, Orlando, Fla.

1955 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1956 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1957 -- Place: South Dakota (39ST203)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief

1961-1962 -- Place: Littleton, Colo. (5DO201)Organizational Affiliation: Smithsonian archeological & paleont. exped. (NSF G‑17609: Lamb Spring)

1964 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Southwestern KansasOrganizational Affiliation: NSF grant GS-556

1965 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co)Organizational Affiliation: NSF grant GS-556

1966-1967 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co)Organizational Affiliation: NSF grant 05-556; Smithsonian Res. Award. 3301

1971 -- Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co.)

1972-1973 -- Place: Archeological investigations at Chalk Hollow, Palo Duro Canyon, TexasOrganizational Affiliation: Smithsonian Research AwardReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1975. Chalk Hollow: Culture sequence and chronology in the Texas panhandle. Proceedings, XLI International Congress of Americanists, Mexico, Sept. 2-7, 1974, pp270-278.
Related Materials:
Additional correspondence from Waldo Wedel can be found in various collections at the National Anthropological Archives, including the William Duncan Strong papers, Albert Clanton Spaulding papers, Donald Lehmer papers, Frederick Johnson papers, Manuscript 4846, Manuscript 4192, Department of Anthropology records, River Basin Surveys records, Society for American Archaeology records, Central States Anthropological Society records, and Anthropological Society of Washington records. Photographs of Waldo can be found in Photo lot 33, Photo 83-13, Photo 58, Photo Lot 85-12, Manuscript 4261(1), Negative MHT 65124, Negative 728413, and the Source Print Collection. Manuscript 7450 is a recording of Waldo and others giving a talk on the history of anthropology at the Smithsonian. See Manuscript 2011-29 for an oral history interview with Waldo, conducted by Larry Banks.

Correspondence from Mildred can be found in the Robert King Harris papers and the William Duncan Strong papers. Manuscript 7293 is a recording of the Ewers-Wedel symposium, at which Mildred was a speaker.

At the Smithsonian Institution Archives, photos of Waldo can be found in the Kjell Bloch Sandved Photographic Files and the Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Information, Productions records.
Separated Materials:
The following films were separated from the collection and transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives:

6 reels of 16MM kodachrome film-original reversal 5 reels of Medicine Creek...1947-48 (includes Boysen Camp (1947) and Brule Flat site) 1 reel of Bison Kill (Powder River) Ghost Cave near Billings, MT., 1947

The following artifacts were separated from the collection and transferred to the ethnology and archaeology collections of the Department of Anthropology:

Sherds from Peppiatt-Lyons Metal ice shoe cleats Glass beads
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel in 1990. Additional materials were donated by their son, Waldo M. Wedel in 2011.
Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1990-20
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d7ca58ad-ffbf-4771-96eb-ae42ae40ae03
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1990-20

[Publications - Coronado Expedition] ...1991-1992

Collection Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 52
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers / Series 3: Writings / 3.3: Writings of Waldo R. Wedel
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39582717b-8f2b-4ecc-a553-b1b3f35c6153
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-20-ref3406

[W.D. Strong photos -- Honduras expedition, 1 of 3] (prints)

Collection Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 113
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers / Series 6: Photographs / 6.3: Field sites and artifacts
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c385d29b-3fd9-4f1b-b603-21c9a7ba051f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-20-ref4383

[W.D. Strong photos -- Honduras expedition, 2 of 3] (prints)

Collection Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 114a
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers / Series 6: Photographs / 6.3: Field sites and artifacts
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3c81b3fe2-7ead-40d2-9113-825f850a30d1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-20-ref4384

[W.D. Strong photos -- Honduras expedition, 3 of 3] (prints)

Collection Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 114a
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers / Series 6: Photographs / 6.3: Field sites and artifacts
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw315a162e2-95c3-48fb-b557-b023513d8e21
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-20-ref4385

Copy of map of Kansas Indian village as described by Professor Thomas Say of Major Long's Exploring Expedition in 1819

Collection Creator:
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Container:
Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.

Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
NAA.1990-20, Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers
Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers / Series 8: Maps
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3df004da1-1245-4888-bb8c-77215c64a84e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1990-20-ref4517

MS 2038 Matilda Coxe Stevenson papers related to Zuni pottery

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Extent:
26 Pages
8 Photographs (black and white)
Container:
Box 2037 / 2038, Folder 4-6
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Photographs
Drawings
Place:
North America
Date:
1896
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of notes, sketches and photographs related to Zuni pottery created and collected by Matilda Coxe Stevenson. Included are sketches of a painted tablet, katchinas, petroglyphs, and cloud and rain symbols on pottery; a list of photographs taken by Stevenson; and photographs of pottery in United States National Museum, probably used for reference in study of cloud and rain symbols.

Two pages of notes entitled "Cloud and Rain Symbols" contain a list of United States National Museum Catalog Numbers and a reference to the "Gates Expedition of 1901, by Walter Hough;" the Catalog Numbers refer to pottery in the United States National Museum collections. The list of photographs does not refer to the photographs of pottery in this collection; it mentions 2 photographs of "Ka'ka'ma south base of To'wa yal lanne [Corn Mountain], several of plants and flowers, and 2 of the informant Nai'uchi. The photographs may be in the Matilda Coxe Stevenson photographs, 1882-1914 (Photo Lot 23).

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Matilda Coxe Stevenson (1849-1915; though her birth year is often erroneously listed as 1850) was the first woman to study the American Southwest and the first (and for a long time the only) female anthropologist hired by the US government. Born Matilda Coxe Evans in 1849 in San Augustine, Texas, Stevenson was brought to Washington, D.C., as an infant. She was educated at Miss Anable's English, French, and German School in Philadelphia and through private studies with her father and Dr. William M. Mew of the Army Medical Museum. In 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist with the US Geological Survey of the Territories. From 1872-1878, Matilda joined James on Ferdinand V. Hayden's geological surveys to Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah, and assisted him by compiling geological data. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879, Matilda Stevenson was appointed "volunteer coadjutor [sic] in ethnology" and she went with James on his BAE expeditions to the Southwest.

After James Stevenson's death in 1888, BAE Director John Wesley Powell hired Matilda Stevenson to organize her husband's notes. In 1889, Stevenson became regular BAE staff. From 1890 to 1907, Stevenson did substantial individual fieldwork at Zuni and published "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies" in the Bureau of American Ethnology's Twenty-Third Annual Report (1901-2). Starting in 1904, Stevenson conducted comparative studies at Zia, Jemez, San Juan, Cochiti, Nambe, Picarus, Tesuque, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Taos. In 1907 she purchased a ranch (Ton'yo) near San Ildefonso, which became her base for fieldwork. Stevenson died in Maryland on June 24, 1915.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2038
Variant Title:
Notes and sketches
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Matilda Coxe Stevenson's papers in MS 4689.

The Smithsonian Institution Collections and Archives Program's Cross-Collections Guide to Matilda Coxe Stevenson, written by Abby Clouse-Radigan, PhD, provides information on object collections related to Stevenson, as well as additional biographical information and notes on Stevenson's correspondence in the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
MS 2038 Matilda Coxe Stevenson papers related to Zuni pottery, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2038
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3369dcda9-a58b-4378-a8ed-36656ff9060c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2038
Online Media:

MS 2037 Drawings of ceremonial dry paintings

Collector:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Artist:
Unknown  Search this
Extent:
4 Drawings (pencil and watercolor)
Container:
Box 2037 / 2038, Folder 1-3
Culture:
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Works of art
Place:
North America
Date:
1897-1904
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four (4) drawings of Zuni dry paintings, or sandpaintings, collected by Matilda Coxe Stevenson.

A note on one of the drawings reads: "drawn by Nick; described by Nick in Great Fire Society." A description of the dry painting which this drawing illustrates was published in Stevenson, Matilada C. "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies," Twenty-third Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1901-1902. (1904) 507.

The remaining three drawing are unidentified. Two of the drawings represent the same design, but there is no identification of the artist or the ceremony in which the painting is used. All three of the unidentified drawings resemble the drawing by Nick in style and in details of the design.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Historical Note:
Sand paintings were made by the Zuni and Navajo as part of healing rituals or ceremonies. The artist would use naturally colored grains of sand, pouring them by hand to create elaborate "paintings."
Biographical Note:
Matilda Coxe Stevenson (1849-1915; though her birth year is often erroneously listed as 1850) was the first woman to study the American Southwest and the first (and for a long time the only) female anthropologist hired by the US government. Born Matilda Coxe Evans in 1849 in San Augustine, Texas, Stevenson was brought to Washington, D.C., as an infant. She was educated at Miss Anable's English, French, and German School in Philadelphia and through private studies with her father and Dr. William M. Mew of the Army Medical Museum. In 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist with the US Geological Survey of the Territories. From 1872-1878, Matilda joined James on Ferdinand V. Hayden's geological surveys to Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah, and assisted him by compiling geological data. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was created in 1879, Matilda Stevenson was appointed "volunteer coadjutor [sic] in ethnology" and she went with James on his BAE expeditions to the Southwest.

After James Stevenson's death in 1888, BAE Director John Wesley Powell hired Matilda Stevenson to organize her husband's notes. In 1889, Stevenson became regular BAE staff. From 1890 to 1907, Stevenson did substantial individual fieldwork at Zuni and published "The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies" in the Bureau of American Ethnology's Twenty-Third Annual Report (1901-2). Starting in 1904, Stevenson conducted comparative studies at Zia, Jemez, San Juan, Cochiti, Nambe, Picarus, Tesuque, Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, and Taos. In 1907 she purchased a ranch (Ton'yo) near San Ildefonso, which became her base for fieldwork. Stevenson died in Maryland on June 24, 1915.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2037

INV 08631001

INV 08631002

INV 11014800

INV 11014900
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Matilda Coxe Stevenson's papers in MS 4689.

The Smithsonian Institution Collections and Archives Program's Cross-Collections Guide to Matilda Coxe Stevenson, written by Abby Clouse-Radigan, PhD, provides information on object collections related to Stevenson, as well as additional biographical information and notes on Stevenson's correspondence in the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sandpaintings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Drawings
Citation:
MS 2037 Drawings of ceremonial dry paintings, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2037
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw365808f45-4976-4011-af88-82ab8f0a7909
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2037

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
K. Hill  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
15 - 17
Place:
Seychelle Islands Program, Amirante Islands. vicinity of Saint Joseph Island, southwest of Resource Island, off small boat entrance to lagoon, Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
10 Mar 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200699
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35e012ddc-4556-4ce7-99b5-21c028709df3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060308

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (ANSP)  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
24 - 30
Place:
Amirantes Islands, vicinity of Saint Joseph Island, southwest of Ressource Island, near drop off, outside small boat passage (Adm.Ch. 724), Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
7 Mar 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200700
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3af364528-1fbe-4993-b971-8a8cafcea49a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060309

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
0 - 3
Place:
Mahe vicinty, inner edge of reef (where the sea breaks) just north of Anonyme Island, Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
10 Feb 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200701
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37289096b-b8fc-409d-a6ca-531158bd6273
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060310

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
0 - 3
Place:
Seychelles Islands, Mahe Vicinity, inner edge of reef (where the seas break) just north of Anonyme Island. (Adm. Ch. 1072), Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
2 Feb 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200703
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37ed4689b-22dc-4368-9224-0365df0aae07
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060312

Parapercis trispilota Schultz

Collector:
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
K. Hill  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1968. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 124 (3636): 13-15.
Type Status:
Paratype
Place:
Mahe Island, North Islet, west side of island, Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
16 Mar 1966
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis trispilota Schultz
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200722
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30c392375-1f46-405c-95db-d5df37107051
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060331

Parapercis trispilota Schultz

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
K. Hill  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
24 - 27
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1968. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 124 (3636): 13-15.
Type Status:
Paratype
Place:
Amirante Islands, D'Arros Island, off east side of island (Adm. Ch. 724)., Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
8 Mar 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis trispilota Schultz
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200723
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3016735fe-8376-4338-8fc6-bb18d878c1ba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060332

Parapercis trispilota Schultz

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (ANSP)  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
24 - 30
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1968. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 124 (3636): 13-15.
Type Status:
Paratype
Place:
Amirantes Islands, vicinity of Saint Joseph Island, southwest of Ressource Island, near drop off, outside small boat passage (Adm.Ch. 724), Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
7 Mar 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis trispilota Schultz
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200725
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37c598ceb-e944-4e81-84d4-1e385c48b16b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060334

Parapercis trispilota Schultz

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (ANSP)  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
12 - 15
Type Citation:
Schultz, L. P. 1968. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 124 (3636): 13-15.
Type Status:
Paratype
Place:
Praslin vicinity, just south of Round Island (Adm. Ch. 1072), Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
22 Feb 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis trispilota Schultz
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200726
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31b1cd7cd-04c6-47cd-88f4-af6a3a7bfd66
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060335

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
12 - 12
Place:
Seychelle Islands, Faon Island, off south shore, Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
24 Jan 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200744
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3a6d67b3b-4d05-4ac9-8de8-131660f32113
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060353

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
James E. Bohlke  Search this
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia (ANSP)  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
11 - 14
Place:
Faon Island, off south shore of island (Adm.Ch. 722), Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
29 Jan 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200745
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/310326a14-bdd4-43da-8c9f-8e2e19671bd4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060354

Parapercis polyophthalma

Collector:
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
12 - 15
Place:
Seychelle Islands, Faon Island, off south shore (Adm. Ch. 722)., Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
28 Jan 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis polyophthalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200747
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34f7313e6-99db-4566-bc14-90e675f8f98a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060356

Parapercis hexophtalma

Collector:
Donald M. Dockins  Search this
Richard H. Rosenblatt  Search this
Walter A. Starck II  Search this
James C. Tyler  Search this
K. Hill  Search this
Expedition:
International Indian Ocean Expedition Seychelle Islands Program, 1964  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Indian  Search this
Depth (m):
15 - 17
Place:
Seychelle Islands Program, Amirante Islands. vicinity of Saint Joseph Island, southwest of Resource Island, off small boat entrance to lagoon, Seychelles, Indian
Collection Date:
10 Mar 1964
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii, Neopterygii, Acanthopterygii, Perciformes, Trachinoidei, Pinguipedidae
Published Name:
Parapercis hexophtalma
Accession Number:
262379
USNM Number:
200748
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Fishes
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Fishes Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/349600238-4085-43a2-8d21-406a906097c9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_5060357

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