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Space Telescope History Project

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.). Division of Space History  Search this
Names:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.). Division of Space History  Search this
National Air and Space Museum. Department of Space History  Search this
Space Telescope History Project (U.S.)  Search this
Adams, Robert  Search this
Aucremanne, M.  Search this
Bahcall, John N.  Search this
Bahcall, Neta  Search this
Baum, William  Search this
Belton, M. J. S.  Search this
Bensimon, March  Search this
Bless, Robert, 1927-  Search this
Boeshaar, Greg  Search this
Boggess, Albert  Search this
Brandt, John C.  Search this
Brown, Art  Search this
Brown, Robert A.  Search this
Bulkin, Bert  Search this
Burbidge, E. Margaret  Search this
Caldwell, J. J.  Search this
Carr, Frank  Search this
Chapman, Clark R.  Search this
Clark, John  Search this
Costa, Frank  Search this
Danielson, E. G.  Search this
Davidsen, Arthur Falnes, 1944-  Search this
Disney, Michael  Search this
Downey, John  Search this
Doxsey, Rodger E.  Search this
Edmondson, Frank K. (Frank Kelly)  Search this
Elliot, James, 1943-2011  Search this
Emanuel, Garvin  Search this
Fastie, William  Search this
Giacconi, Riccardo  Search this
Goldberg, Alan  Search this
Groth, Edward  Search this
Guha, Arun  Search this
Hall, Donald N. B.  Search this
Harms, Richard  Search this
Havens, Kitty  Search this
Henry, Richard B. C.  Search this
Hinners, Noel W.  Search this
Hulst, H. C. van de (Hendrik Christoffel), 1918-  Search this
Hunten, Donald M.  Search this
Keathley, William  Search this
Keller, Sam  Search this
Keller, Warren  Search this
King, Ivan R.  Search this
Lane, A. L.  Search this
Lasker, Barry M.  Search this
Laurence, Robin  Search this
Leckrone, David  Search this
Longair, M. S., 1941-  Search this
Lowrance, John  Search this
Macchetto, F.  Search this
McCandless, Bruce  Search this
Meserve, Kent  Search this
Mitchell, Jesse  Search this
Moore, Jim  Search this
Nein, Mas  Search this
Noah, Don  Search this
Norman, Memphis  Search this
Norris, T. Bland  Search this
Odom, James  Search this
Olivier, Jean  Search this
Pellerin, Charles  Search this
Reetz, Arthur  Search this
Rehnberg, Jack  Search this
Richards, Evan  Search this
Roman, Nancy Grace, 1925-  Search this
Rose, James  Search this
Rosendhal, Jeffrey D.  Search this
Russell, Jane  Search this
Scherrill, Thomas  Search this
Schreier, Ethan  Search this
Schroeder, D. J.  Search this
Simmons, F. Pete  Search this
Smith, Robert W. (Robert William), 1952-  Search this
Sobieski, Stanley  Search this
Speer, Fred  Search this
Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-  Search this
Stockman, Peter  Search this
Stuhlinger, Ernst, 1913-  Search this
Teem, John  Search this
Tenerelli, Domenik  Search this
Tifft, William G.  Search this
Trevino, Robert  Search this
Weiler, Edward  Search this
Welch, James  Search this
Westphal, James  Search this
White, Richard Lee, 1953-  Search this
Zedekar, Ray  Search this
Extent:
3.7 Cubic feet (15 cassette boxes; 5 letter-size document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Press releases
Transcripts
Photographs
Reports
Publications
Date:
1983-1991
Summary:
This collection consists of the oral history transcripts and related research documentation for the Space Telescope History Project (STHP), which examined the space sciences, predominantly astronomy, viewed through the lens of a particular undertaking, the Hubble Space Telescope, 1970s-1980s.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the oral history transcripts and related research documentation for the Space Telescope History Project (STHP), which examined the space sciences, predominantly astronomy, viewed through the lens of a particular undertaking, the Hubble Space Telescope, 1970s-1980s. The principal investigator for the STHP was Robert W. Smith, and the interview set contains 235 hours of interviews with 80 individuals. The central thread of this collection was the problem of configuring new political relations among the space sciences and sponsors. The following were interviewed: Bob Adams (with Robert Trevino and Kitty Havens); M. Aucremanne; John Bahcall; Neta Bahcall; William Baum; Michael Belton; March Bensimon; Robert Bless; Greg Boeshaar; Albert Boggess; John Brandt; Robert Brown; Bert Bulkin; Margaret Burbidge; J. J. Caldwell; Frank Carr; Clark Chapman; John Clark; Art Code; Frank Costa; E. G. Danielson; Arthur Davidsen; Mike Disney; John Downey; Rodger Doxsey; Frank Edmondson; James Elliot; Garvin Emanuel; William Fastie; Riccardo Giacconi; Alan Goldberg; Edward Groth; Arun Guha; Don Hall; Richard Harms; Richard Henry; Noel Hinners; Donald Hunten; William Keathley; Warren Keller; Sam Keller; Ivan King; A.L. Lane; Barry Lasker; Robin Laurence; David Leckrone; Malcolm Longair; John Lowrance; Duccio Macchetto; Bruce McCandless; Kent Meserve; Jesse Mitchell; Jim Moore; Mas Nein; Don Noah; Memphis Norman; T. Bland Norris; James Odom; Jean Olivier; Charles Pellerin; Arthur Reetz; Jack Rehnberg; Evan Richards; Nancy Roman; James Rose; Jeffrey Rosendhal; Jane Russell; Ethan Schreier; Daniel Schroeder; Thomas Sherrill; F. Pete Simmons; Stanley Sobieski; Fred Speer; Lyman Spitzer; Peter Stockman; Ernst Stuhlinger; John Teem; Domenick Tenerelli; William Tifft; Hedrick van de Hulst; Edward Weiler; James Welch; James Westphal; Richard White; and Ray Zedekar. The collection also contains the following documentation gathered from a variety of sources: photographs, slides, NASA publications and reports, contractor reports and studies, press releases, and finding aids produced by the Space History Department, NASM.
Arrangement:
The Space Telescope History History Project interviews are arranged alphabetically by interviewee. Boxes 1-14 contain interviews on audio cassette tapes. Boxes 15-20 contain the transcripts for these cassette tapes. Most of these transcripts are available to researchers though, restrictions are placed on a small number of them. A NASM staff member will advise the patron which transcripts are available for copying and/or viewing and how to order copies of transcripts. Transcripts with user restrictions are highlighted in bold type.
Biographical / Historical:
This collection contains the interviews for the Space Telescope History Project. These interviews examine the early planning and development of what would eventually be known as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The period covered is from the 1970s into the 1980s. This project constitutes one of several oral history projects carried out within the National Air and Space Museum's (NASM) Department of Space History. This interview set consists of over 235 hours of interviews with 94 individuals. Please note that there are a few instances where audio cassette tapes of the interview subjects exist but without written transcripts while there are a few cases of existing transcripts of the interviews without any audio cassette tapes. Those interviewed include astronomers, scientists, engineers, as well as administrators, all of whom were involved in the space telescope project. The following were interviewed for this project: Bob Adams, Ken Ando, Marcel Aucremanne, John N. Bahcall, Neta Bahcall, William Baum, Michael J.S. Belton, Marc Bensimon, Livingston Biddle, Robert C. Bless, Greg Boeshaar, Albert Boggess, III, John Brandt, Robert A. Brown, Bert Bulkin, Margaret E. Burbridge, J.J. Caldwell, Frank Carr, Clark R. Chapman, John Clark, Art Code, Frank V. Costa, Allan Cree, E.G. Danielson, Arthur Davidsen, Mike Disney, James A. Downey, III, Roger Doxsey, Frank K. Edmondson, James L. Elliot, Garvin Emmanuel, William G. Fastie, George Field, Don Fordyce, Laurence W. Fredrick, Riccardo Giaconi, Alan Goldberg, Edward Groth, Arun K. Guha, Don Hall, Richard Harms, Kitty Havens, Richard Henry, Noel Hinners, Donald Hunten, William W. Keathley, Warren J. Keller, Sam Keller, Ivan King, A.L. Lane, Barry Lasker, Robin J. Laurance, David Leckone, Malcolm Longair, John L. Lowrance, Duccio Macchetto, Bruce McCandless, Kent Meserve, Jesse L. Mitchell, Jim Moore, Max Nein, Don Noah, Memphis Norman, T. Bland Norris, James B. Odom, Jean R. Olivier, Charles Pellerin, Arthur J. Reetz, Jack Rehnberg, Evan Richards, Nancy Roman, James Rose, Jeffrey D. Rosendahl, Jane Russell, Ethan Schreier, Daniel J. Schroeder, Thomas J. Sherrill, Pete F. Simmons, Stanley Sobieski, Fred A. Speer, Lyman Spitzer, Peter Stockman, Ernst Stuhlinger, John Teem, Domenick Tenerelli, William G. Tifft, Rodger Thompson, Robert Trevino, Hendrick C. van de Hulst, Edward Weiler, James C. Welch, James A. Westphal, Richard L. White and Ray Zedekar.
General note:
Additional material: This collection consists only of the interview transcripts, not the tapes. The tapes are housed in the National Air and Space Museum Department of Space History.
Provenance:
Department of Space History, NASM, Transfer, 1999, 1999-0035, Varies.
Restrictions:
Some restrictions apply; see permission forms in the collection accession file.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Astronautics  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Space sciences  Search this
Telescopes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Press releases
Transcripts
Photographs
Reports
Publications
Citation:
Space Telescope History Project, NASM.1999.0035, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0035
See more items in:
Space Telescope History Project
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28f1ca8cd-bf66-41c9-a0f9-72d1b05e5962
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0035
Online Media:

Inventors Oral History Collection

Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Interviewer:
Bedi, Joyce  Search this
Daemmrich, Arthur  Search this
Oswald, Alison  Search this
Ott, Katherine  Search this
Interviewee:
Hamilton, Marilyn, 1949-  Search this
Hyatt, Gilbert P. , 1938-  Search this
Lindahl, Lisa  Search this
Miller, Hinda  Search this
Reid, Tahira N.  Search this
Smith, Polly Palmer  Search this
Extent:
855.63 Gigabytes (Interviews include .mp4, video/.mxf and .wav files. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Born digital
Oral history
Transcripts
Date:
2020-2021
Summary:
Born digital video oral history interviews and transcripts with inventors documenting a variety of subjects and disciplines.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series, alphabetical by last name of interviewee.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

JogBra, Inc. Records (NMAH.AC.1315)

Disability Reference Collection (NMAH.AC.1319)

Folia Water Materials (NMAH.AC.1407)

Materials at the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Program/Project Records, 1994-2017 (SIA Acc. 19-100)

Interview with Theresa Dankovitch, inventor of the Folia water filter.

Interview with David Stone, inventor of Ferrock, a carbon-negative substitute for concrete. Also includes interviewee Richard Pablo.

Interview with Amy Prieto, inventor of a rechargeable battery.

Interview with John Warner, co-founder of the field of green chemistry.

Program/Project Records, 1989-2010 (SIA Acc. 12-582)

Interview with Remo Belli, jazz drummer who developed and marketed the first successful synthetic drumheads and founded the Remo company.

Interview with Arthur Ganson, inventor, kinetic sculptor and musician.

Audiovisual Records, 1995-2014 (SIA Acc. 16-092)

Interview with Gary Fisher, inventor of the modern mountain bike.

Lemelson Center, Program/Project Records, 2006-2015 (SIA Acc. 16-043)

Interview with Doreen Lorenzo, former president of Quirky.

Interview with Corinna E. Lathan, co-Founder of AnthroTronix, Inc., a biomedical research and development company with a focus on assistive technologies.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access and use of audiovisual materials available in the Archives Center reading room or by requesting copies of audiovisual materials at RightsReproductions@si.edu.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African American engineers  Search this
Brassieres -- 20th century  Search this
Computer science  Search this
Disabilities  Search this
Double Dutch  Search this
Electrical engineering  Search this
Electrical engineers  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Mechanical engineers  Search this
Mechanical engineering and engineers  Search this
Microprocessors  Search this
Running  Search this
Sports  Search this
Sports bra  Search this
Women inventors  Search this
wheelchairs  Search this
Inventors, Black  Search this
Genre/Form:
Born digital
Oral history -- 2010-2020
Transcripts
Citation:
Inventors Oral History Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1504
See more items in:
Inventors Oral History Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85c072cbb-cb11-493e-a0e6-184df5e09c2e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1504

Hyatt, Gilbert P.

Collection Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Collection Interviewer:
Bedi, Joyce  Search this
Daemmrich, Arthur  Search this
Oswald, Alison  Search this
Ott, Katherine  Search this
Extent:
275.03 Megabytes (Total Running Time: 2:00:09, .mp3 audio file)
1,223.49 Megabytes (Total Running Time: 2:01:13, .wav audio file)
Container:
Item AC1504-BD0009
Item AC1504-BD0009
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Megabytes
Date:
2019-12-19
Scope and Contents:
Gilbert P. Hyatt (1938-) is an American electrical engineer and computer scientist and is the inventor of the integrated circuit microprocessor.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access and use of audiovisual materials available in the Archives Center reading room or by requesting copies of audiovisual materials at RightsReproductions@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Inventors Oral History Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Inventors Oral History Collection
Inventors Oral History Collection / Series 1: Born Digital Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8bde0b3d0-eb98-4677-ada1-f4b7a599ce73
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1504-ref21

Reid, Tahira N.

Collection Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Collection Interviewer:
Bedi, Joyce  Search this
Daemmrich, Arthur  Search this
Oswald, Alison  Search this
Ott, Katherine  Search this
Extent:
7,795.83 Megabytes (Total Running Time: 01:28:27:00, video/mp4 file)
Container:
Video NMAH-AC1504-BD0008
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images
Megabytes
Date:
2021-03-30
Scope and Contents:
Interview with Tahira N. Reid, mechanical engineer and inventor of a Double Dutch jump rope machine.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access and use of audiovisual materials available in the Archives Center reading room or by requesting copies of audiovisual materials at RightsReproductions@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Inventors Oral History Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Inventors Oral History Collection
Inventors Oral History Collection / Series 1: Born Digital Interviews
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c7ed4f38-2f19-4e68-abc5-9791119e951f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1504-ref5

National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Extent:
175 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
Ongoing
Scope and Contents:
The Technical Reference Files comprise an artificial collection that currently contains 1,900 cubic feet of aviation and space related materials, organized in 22 subject series. File materials include photographs, press releases, clippings, correspondence, reports, and brochures, on individuals, organizations, events, and objects.
Accessories:
Accessories and components which support air-breathing engines; also fuels, coolants, and lubricants.
Engines:
Air-breathing engines. (Other power plants for aircraft (including rocket motors) are filed under the Space Propulsion subseries.)
Propellers:
Specific models, listed by designer or manufacturer; also general topics.
Space Propulsion:
All methods of spacecraft propulsion (even "passive" concepts such as the Solar Sail), spacecraft power sources (such as solar batteries and fuel cells), all rocket motors (including those used to power aircraft and other vehicles), and all accessories and components.
Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.B
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2894e4bf9-5dea-43ef-9ec4-7ec0ff8a11a9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b

USA, Goodyear, Airship Projects Engineering Meeting Notes 1958-1960 [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-401000-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, Goodyear, General (See also: Balloons, USA, Goodyear)
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2a633ba71-2416-4c55-9005-e75b14f46208
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64814

USA, Navy, ZR-3 "Los Angeles", Technical Data, Maybach VL-1 Engine Test [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-723000-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, Navy, ZR-3 "Los Angeles"
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2222215bb-b622-42ba-b7d6-cdf789f4a40d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref65744

USA, All American Engineering Co

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2522524ac-3bed-4ecc-85e2-50364a4592c4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64065

USA, All American Engineering Co, Aerocrane [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-103850-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, All American Engineering Co
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22e9daa4a-63a7-4272-8b46-bb6c1c7781ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64066

USA, Army, RS-1, Power Car, Packard 2A-1500 Engines Test Report [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-253200-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, Army, RS-1
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2cb9e1fcd-5869-41cb-8cc5-927d2037ecdb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64295

USA, Army, TE Series, General, TE-2 Type, Engine Mounts Report [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.A, File A3U-291040-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Aircraft / Series A3: Lighter than Air (LTA), Airships / USA, Army, TE Series
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28fa5b5e5-de34-41b3-85d5-848d8e9fe97b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-a-ref64458

Painting, by James Earl Taylor in 1896, of Non-Native Northern Pacific Railroad Engineer, Thomas L. Rosser at Battle with Chief Little Red Horn and Group of Men in Native Dress and On Horseback; Lieutenant Louis D. Adair Lying Wounded Nearby

Creator:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (006 in x 009 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 106
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1896
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01605212

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56455
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 106
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e1da128a-a9b2-4249-b09d-70957a9bdd16
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref1336

Box, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal, James H. Doolittle

Materials:
Metal
Textile
Paper
Dimensions:
3-D: 7.8 × 9.5 × 1.9cm (3 1/16 × 3 3/4 × 3/4 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19600042001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c004c27e-c121-466b-9fbf-1d0ed9415813
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600042001
Online Media:

Box, Presentation, International Harmon Trophy Medal, James H. Doolittle

Materials:
Wood
Textile
Metal
Dimensions:
3-D: 13.8 × 13.3 × 2.4cm (5 7/16 × 5 1/4 × 15/16 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19600054001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e498e290-7cfb-4d92-a340-2108d9f300e4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600054001
Online Media:

Box, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Medal, James H. Doolittle

Manufacturer:
Medallic Art Company  Search this
Materials:
Wood
Textile
Metal
Dimensions:
3-D: 10.8 × 10.2 × 2.2cm (4 1/4 × 4 × 7/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19600059001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv933151689-3ff0-4a37-821c-8ff5f122bfba
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19600059001
Online Media:

Stand, Display, Medal, Research Institute of America Award, James H. Doolittle

Manufacturer:
Medallic Art Company  Search this
Materials:
Wood
Dimensions:
3-D: 3.3 × 10 × 2.9cm (1 5/16 × 3 15/16 × 1 1/8 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Medals & Ribbons
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Donated by Lt. Gen. James H. Doolittle (USAF, Ret.)
Inventory Number:
A19610002001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv985c0d21d-d922-4024-84c3-3d6966853622
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19610002001
Online Media:

Box, Presentation, Badge, Nationalist Chinese Air Force

Materials:
Metal
Textile
Dimensions:
3-D: 10.8 × 8.9 × 3.2cm (4 1/4 × 3 1/2 × 1 1/4 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
China
Credit Line:
Donated by the Embassy of the Republic of China
Inventory Number:
A19761733001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9416c0f53-1a6d-460d-ab4a-07b2613448c0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19761733001
Online Media:

Satellite, COBE, FIRAS, External Calibrator

Manufacturer:
NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center  Search this
Materials:
Overall - aluminum, plastic
Dimensions:
3-D: 30.5 x 30.5 x 20.3cm (12 x 12 x 8 in.)
Type:
INSTRUMENTS-Scientific
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A19960298003
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9b29afee6-313f-41e6-bc7c-44395ec48cbc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19960298003
Online Media:

Agency history, 1904-1995

Creator:
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources  Search this
Subject:
Bishop, Philip W  Search this
Gilbert, Chester Garfield  Search this
Schlebecker, John T  Search this
Daniel, Pete  Search this
Sharrer, G. Terry  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Reed, Fred C  Search this
Watkins, William N  Search this
Mitman, Carl Weaver 1889-  Search this
Lewton, Frederick L (Frederick Lewis) 1874-1959  Search this
Hoffman, John Nathan 1923-1982  Search this
Kendall, Edward C  Search this
Houston, Charles O (Charles Orville) 1918-2001  Search this
Richards, Abraham  Search this
Walther, R. G (Robert G.)  Search this
Wessel, Thomas R  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Mineral Technology  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Mechanical Technology  Search this
United States National Museum Section of Agricultural History  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Industrial Cooperation  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Wood Products  Search this
Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Manufactures and Heavy Industries  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Extractive Industries  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.) Division of the History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.) Division of Agriculture and Mining  Search this
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Date:
1904
1904-1994
1904-1995
Topic:
Mining engineering  Search this
Mineral industries--History  Search this
Agriculture--History  Search this
Local number:
SIA AH00248
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_222941

A. Scott Crossfield Papers

Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Names:
Eastern Air Lines  Search this
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
20.23 Cubic feet (42 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Date:
1940 - 2004
Summary:
This collection consists of over nine cubic feet of material documenting Scott Crossfield's aviation career, with emphasis on his involvement with the North American X-15. The following types of material are included: correspondence; reel to reel tapes; papers, manuscripts; newspaper and magazine clippings; aviation manuals; photographs; film; and Crossfield's notes and reports.
Scope and Content note:
This collection encompasses the entirety of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr.'s career as an engineer, test pilot, airline executive, and speaker and advocate for aerospace education. Records in the collection date from Crossfield's time at college in the 1940s through his death in 2006. Crossfield's papers were donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives by the Crossfield family in 2006 and a second batch of material was received in 2008. The collection was received without any apparent organizational scheme, but some items were received in labeled folders and these folder titles were retained when the collection was processed. One group of material was loaned by the family for copying and these items were photocopied and placed within the appropriate folder in the case of documents, or were scanned and entered into the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives image database in the case of photographs.

After his retirement from North American Aviation, Inc., Crossfield gave his papers to a former secretary, Marion Brown, so that she could organize them for his use in future writing projects. In February 1973, a U.S. Navy Vought A-7E Corsair II crashed into the apartment building where Brown lived and all of Crossfield's papers in her possession were destroyed. Due to this incident, the collection has more material from Crossfield's time with Eastern Air Lines and onwards, although the prior years are still well represented through records that were either retained in Crossfield's possession or copies that were gathered after the fact. There is correspondence from Crossfield relating to the crash in Box 11 of the collection.

The archival materials in this collection are organized into four series. The first series is composed of personal materials and includes school records, correspondence, personal photographs, records relating to various organizations in which Crossfield was active, information relating to the publication of Crossfield's autobiography, Always Another Dawn, other writings by Crossfield, financial records, subject files assembled by Crossfield, philatelic materials (Crossfield was an active collector and was a founding member and officer of The Aviation Historical Foundation, a philatelic organization), and news clippings. The material in this series is largely organized chronologically. Personal photographs and subject files are organized by topic first and chronologically within each folder and organizations are arranged alphabetically by name first and also chronologically within the individual folders.

The second series contains items relating to Crossfield's professional life, organized chronologically by place of employment. This series includes materials relating to Crossfield's work at Boeing, the U.S. Navy, the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), North American Aviation, Inc., Eastern Air Lines, Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Crossfield's work as an Independent Technical Advisor, Crossfield's application for the position of Director of the National Air and Space Museum, Crossfield's time as a member of the United States Organizing Committee, and his work with organizations such as the Scott Crossfield Foundation and The Wright Experience. During the later part of his life, Crossfield toured the country extensively giving speeches, presenting awards, etc. and there is a large amount of material relating to these appearances in this part of the collection. These materials arrived already organized chronologically by individual trip and this organizational scheme was retained. Specifically, the professional life series includes flight reports, manuals, drawings, business correspondence, administrative records, presentations and papers, travel itineraries, notebooks, calendars, speeches delivered by Crossfield, and career related photographs (which are broken out as their own subseries). The professional life series also includes a section of miscellaneous professional items including job seeking correspondence, information on the patent for a power wheel braking or driving unit designed by Crossfield, and a folder of Crossfield's résumés.

The third series consists of audiotapes and is organized first by tape format and then chronologically within each category. Subjects of the audiotapes include speeches, a large number of North American X-15 cockpit recordings and radio communications, tape produced for a television program, and autobiographical notes. A number of the audiotapes include no description. With a total of 65 examples in this series, the most common audiotape format in the collection is, by far, 7 inch reel to reel tapes. Other formats in this series include 5 inch reel to reel tapes, 3.125 by 3.5 inch metal audiotape cartridges, and Dictaphone recording belts. Please note that these audio recordings are unavailable to the researcher at the time of processing due to the format and fragility of the tapes.

The fourth series of this collection is comprised of oversized materials and additional materials including galley proofs, news clippings, drawings, charts, professional records, and photographs. The organization of this series mirrors the folder titles found in the rest of the collection.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains several motion picture films relating to the life and career of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. These films are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
The A. Scott Crossfield Papers are organized into the following series and subseries:

Series I: Personal Materials

1.1 School Records

1.2 Correspondence

1.3 Personal Photographs

1.4 Organizations

1.5 Information Related to the Publication of Always Another Dawn

1.6 Other Writings by Crossfield

1.7 Financial Records

1.8 Subject Files

1.9 Philatelic Materials

1.10 News Clippings

1.11 Miscellaneous Personal Records

Series II: Professional Life

2.1 Boeing

2.2 U.S. Navy

2.3 Kirsten Wind Tunnel, University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory

2.4 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)

2.5 North American Aviation, Inc.

2.6 Eastern Air Lines

2.7 Hawker Siddeley Aviation

2.8 Independent Technical Advisor

2.9 Application for NASM Director Position

2.10 United States Organizing Committee

2.11 Scott Crossfield Foundation

2.12 The Wright Experience

2.13 Speaking Engagements and Professional Appearances

2.14 Career Related Photographs

2.14 Miscellaneous Professional Records

Series III: Audiotapes

Series IV: Oversized Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. was born on October 2, 1921, in California. As a young boy, Crossfield was often confined indoors due to health problems related to pneumonia and rheumatic fever. During this time, he dreamed of becoming a pilot and designed and constructed model airplanes. Crossfield took his first airplane ride in 1927, at six years old, in an Alexander Eaglerock A-1 piloted by family friend Charles "Carl" Lienesch. Lienesch also encouraged Crossfield to become an engineer as well as a pilot. Unbeknownst to Crossfield's parents, he began taking flying lessons at the age of 12 at Wilmington Airport under the tutelage of pilot Vaughn McNulty. The family later moved to Washington State and it was there, at the Chehalis Airport, that Crossfield made his first solo flight in a Curtiss Robin. It was not until the summer of 1941, however, that Crossfield officially soloed and earned his pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA), Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP).

Crossfield enrolled in the University of Washington in 1940 and worked at the Boeing plant in Seattle, beginning in the fall of 1941, while still pursuing his studies. Crossfield's first assignment at Boeing was as an assembly page clerk. He was later promoted to the position of production expediter and shop salvage engineer. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps and continued to work at Boeing while he waited for an opening in a cadet class. In February 1942, tired of waiting on the Air Corps and eager to get into combat, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Navy instead where he joined the cadet class of May 7, 1942. Crossfield first trained in Seattle, Washington, and later was sent to the Naval Air Training Center in Corpus Christi, Texas, where he earned his Naval Aviator's wings in 1942. During his time in the Navy, Crossfield never fulfilled his ambition to see combat because he was selected instead to remain at Corpus Christi as a flight and gunnery instructor. Crossfield eventually was sent to Hawaii to prepare and train for an invasion of Japan but the war ended before this became necessary. During his time in the U.S. Navy, Crossfield flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, and the North American SNJ Texan, among other aircraft. After he separated from active duty with the Service, Crossfield remained active in the Naval Reserves and was part of an aerobatic team at Sand Point Naval Air Station that flew Goodyear FG-1D Corsairs.

Crossfield returned to his studies at the University of Washington in 1946 and was employed doing tests at the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University's Aeronautical Laboratory. Crossfield earned his Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1949 and his master's degree in aeronautical science in 1950. After obtaining his degrees, Crossfield joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as a research pilot. During his time with NACA, Crossfield flew many aircraft including the Convair XF-92A, Bell X-1, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak, Bell X-5, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, North American F-86 Sabre, and the North American F-100A Super Sabre. Crossfield made history in the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket on November 20, 1953, as the first pilot to exceed Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound).

In 1955, Crossfield left NACA and joined North American Aviation, Inc. to work on the X-15 program where he would not only serve as the X-15 Project Pilot but also as a Design Specialist, a role in which he was an integral part of the design of both the aircraft and the pressure suit developed by the David Clark Company for the X-15 program. The suit served as a prototype for the spacesuits later worn by astronauts. Crossfield helped to develop the X-15's cockpit, control, and engine systems; structural design; propulsion system; engineered its escape system; and contributed to its handling quality requirements. He also developed the ground control test methodology that would later become standard on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs. Crossfield piloted the North American X-15 on its first captive flight in March 1959, first glide flight in June 1959, and the first powered flight in September 1959, as well as numerous other test flights, before the X-15 was delivered to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in February 1960. Crossfield also served as Chief Engineering Test Pilot at North American from 1955-1961 before moving to the Space and Information Systems Division first as the Director of Systems Test (1961) then as the Division Director of Test and Quality Assurance (1961-1966) where he was responsible for quality control in all North American projects including the Hounddog Missile (AGM-28, GAM-77), Paragliders for the Gemini program, Apollo Command and Service Module, and the Saturn V launch vehicles, second stage. Crossfield's final position with North American was as the Technical Director, Research, Engineering and Test from 1966-1967.

Crossfield joined Eastern Air Lines in Miami, Florida, as Division Vice President, Flight, Research, and Development, Flight Operations in 1967, a position he held until 1971 when he moved to Washington, DC, to serve as Staff Vice President, Transportation Systems Development (1971-1973). From 1974 to 1975, Crossfield served as Senior Vice President at Hawker Siddeley Aviation's U.S. subsidiary branch, an office he helped to establish. After leaving Hawker Siddeley, Crossfield served for many years as an independent technical advisor to the U.S. Congress. Crossfield also served on the United States Organizing Committee to plan the Air and Space Bicentennial. In the later part of his life, Crossfield traveled extensively to give talks, attend events, and make various professional appearances and it was on a return flight home from one such trip in 2006 that Crossfield was killed when the plane he was piloting was caught in a thunderstorm.

Crossfield was active in various organizations including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the National Aeronautic Association (NAA), and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP), a group in which he was a founding member. Crossfield also created the Scott Crossfield Foundation to support aerospace education. Crossfield was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Sperry (Lawrence B.) Memorial Award (1954) and Chanute (Octave) Award (AIAA, 1958), Kincheloe Award (SETP, 1960), Harmon Trophy (1960), Collier (Robert J.) Trophy (1961), NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1993), and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Trophy for Lifetime Achievement (2000).

Crossfield published his autobiography, Always Another Dawn, in 1960 with Clay Blair, Jr. and is the author of numerous other publications, articles, and technical papers.
Provenance:
Alice Crossfield, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
North American X-15  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0041
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28d41031c-4569-4e2e-b114-8a32f81be51e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0041
Online Media:

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