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Anton Refregier papers

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Names:
ACA Galleries  Search this
Bard College -- Faculty  Search this
Gosudarstvennyĭ Ėrmitazh (Russia)  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
De Diego, Julio, 1900-  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry, 1904-  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Fast, Howard, 1914-  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Greenwood, Marion, 1909-1970  Search this
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Morley, Eugene, 1909-1953  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Randall, Byron, 1918-1999  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Extent:
35.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Place:
Chile
Soviet Union
Guatemala
Mexico
Date:
circa 1900-circa 1990
Summary:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, 15 diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, 10 scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Woodstock area painter, muralist, and designer, Anton Refregier (1905-1979) date from circa 1900 to circa 1990 and measure 35.9 linear feet. The collection records Refregier's early commercial work and murals for the Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) and documents his career through to the 1970s with records of commissions for many public and private buildings, exhibitions in the United States and abroad, teaching positions, essays and publications, and extensive travel, particularly to the Soviet Union and Mexico. The collection contains scattered biographical material, personal and business correspondence, notes and writings, diaries and journals, mural and tapestry files, exhibition files, personal business records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork including sketches and cartoons for murals, and photographs of Refregier, his friends, family and travels.

Biographical material contains legal records such as Refregier's will and marriage and death records, passports, resume material and 2 interview transcripts.

Correspondence, both chronological and alphabetical, constitutes almost a third of the collection and documents all aspects of Refregier's career including his work for the WPA, private commissions, representation by ACA Galleries, his involvement with groups such as the Woodstock Artists Association and his teaching work for institutions such as Bard College. Also documented are his involvement with local political groups and international organizations such as the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship and the World Peace Council, and travels including visits to the Soviet Union. Notable correspondents include Henry Dreyfuss, Philip Evergood, Rockwell Kent, Emmy-Lou Packard, and Byron Randall. Correspondence also includes family letters written primarily by Refregier to Lila Refregier, in addition to greeting cards received by the Refregier family, many of which contain original arwork.

Writings are primarily by Refregier and include drafts of many essays and autobiographical writings, in addition to copies of published works including Natural Figure Drawing, An Artists Journey and Sketches of the Soviet Union.

The collection contains diaries and journals from 12 years in various formats including published and handmade day planners and typed and handwritten journal entries. They include sketches and primarily record travel and daily activities including specific projects such as the New York World's Fair mural (1938-1939).

Mural and Tapestry files document individual commissions bid on and/or completed by Refregier. The creation of the Rincon Annex Post Office mural and subsequent controversies over its subject matter are well-documented here, as are many of Refregier's commissions for banks, hospitals, hotels, shopping centers, and schools.

Exhibition files document at least 15 of Refregier's exhibitions, including his first one-man show at ACA Galleries (1942) and his exhibition of paintings at the Hermitage Museum (1967) in what was then Leningrad.

Personal business records contain addresses of contacts. Scattered records referencing market values for Refregier's work can be found throughout the series in records such as bills and receipts, financial notes and tax records.

Printed material provides extensive coverage of Refregier's entire career through announcements, invitations, catalogs, and news clippings. His interests in art, literature, music, theater and politics are also well-represented in these files.

The collection contains 10 scrapbooks, mostly in fragmented condition, which contain a mixture of photographs, sketches and other artwork, notes and fragments of writings, and printed material. The scrapbooks document a variety of subjects including Refregier's family life, travels to Guatemala and the Soviet Union, and the artist at work.

Artwork consists primarily of artwork by Refregier in the form of mural design sketches and cartoons in various media, including pencil, ink and pastel, in addition to 21 sketchbooks, many of which also contain journal entries and notes. Also found here are prints and reproductions of Refregier's "Peace card" block engravings for every year from 1950-1973, with the exception of 1970.

Photographs document all phases of Refregier's career and include family photographs dating from circa 1900, photos of Refregier in the studio including work for the WPA, Refregier and other artists and individuals at events and parties from the 1940s-1970s, travel snapshots probably taken in Chile, Guatemala, Mexico, and the Soviet Union, and photographs of artwork and installations. Individuals pictured include Julio de Diego, Marion Greenwood, Rockwell Kent, Pablo O'Higgins and David Siqueiros; also, a series of press photographs by Albert A. Freeman pictures Refregier with Howard Fast, Norman Bel Geddes, Marion Greenwood, John Kingsbury, Yasuo Kuniyoshi and Harry Stockwell. One photograph by Eliot Elisofon, 2 by Eugene Morley and 4 by Max Yavno can also be found here.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 11 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-1980 (Box 1; 0.25 linear ft.)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1912-circa 1990s (Boxes 1-11, 36, OVs 38, 45; 10.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 11-14, OV 45; 3.3 linear ft.)

Series 4: Diaries and Journals, 1923-1979 (Box 15; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 5: Mural and Tapestry Files, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 15-18, 36, OVs 38, 45, 46, RD 42; 3.65 linear ft.)

Series 6: Exhibition Files, 1942-1981 (Boxes 18-19; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 7: Personal Business Records, 1920s-1980s (Boxes 19-20; 1.8 linear ft.)

Series 8: Printed Material, circa 1920s-1980s (Boxes 21-28, 36; 7.4 linear ft.)

Series 9: Scrapbooks, 1930s-1960s (Boxes 28, 37, BV 47; 1.1 linear ft.)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1930s-circa 1970s (Boxes 28-30, 36, OVs 40, 41, RDs 42-44; 3.5 linear ft.)

Series 11: Photographic Material, ca. 1900-1980s (Boxes 31-35, 39; 4.5 linear ft.)
Biographical Note:
Russian-born Woodstock painter Anton Refregier (1905-1979) immigrated to the United States in 1920. Refregier was well-known for his sometimes controversial social realist murals for the WPA.

After an apprenticeship to the sculptor, Vasilief, in Paris, Anton Refregier attended the Rhode Island School of Design from 1920-1925 and studied with Hans Hofmann in Germany in 1927. He had his first one-man show at ACA Galleries in New York City in 1942 and settled in Woodstock, New York, with his wife, Lila, and three children Anton, Jr., Brigit and Aleksandre, where he became a prominent member of the artist community.

Refregier completed several social realist murals for the federal Works Progress Adminstration (WPA) program, including one at the New York Worlds Fair in 1939 and the controversial Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco begun in 1941. He also completed interior design installations for businesses such as the nightclub, Cafe Society Uptown, and the restaurant, The Cookery, in New York City. In addition to being an easel and mural painter Refregier worked in tapestry, mosaic, ceramic, and collage, and completed many commissions for hotels, banks, hospitals, restaurants, synagogues, supermarkets and deparment stores throughout the country.

Refregier taught at various institutions including Stanford University, the University of Arkansas, and Bard College and his publications inlcude Natural Figure Drawing (1948), An Artist's Journey (1965), and Sketches of the Soviet Union (1978). He traveled regularly to the Soviet Union to explore and exchange ideas about art and culture and as a representative of the World Peace Council.

Anton Refregier died in Moscow in October 1979 while visiting the Soviet Union. His work can be found in many museums including the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Metropolitan Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Anton Refregier, 1964, Nov. 5 by Joseph Trovato; and Papers regarding Anton Refregier mural controversy, 1953.
Provenance:
Donated 1983 by Lila Refregier, widow of Anton Refregier, and in 1992 by Brigit R. Sutton, Refregier's daughter.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Anton Refregier papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. They may be used for research, study and scholarship. Authorization to quote or reproduce for purposes of publication must be obtained from: Brigit R. Sutton, Box 344D, Woodstock, New York, 12498.
Topic:
Tapestry  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Muralists -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Art -- Commissioning  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- Archival resources -- 20th century  Search this
Designers -- New York (State)  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Travel diaries
Greeting cards
Interviews
Cartoons (working drawings)
Scrapbooks
Transcripts
Photographs
Diaries
Sketches
Citation:
Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.refranto
See more items in:
Anton Refregier papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-refranto

Henry Billings letters and photographs

Creator:
Billings, Henry, 1901-  Search this
Names:
National Council for U.S. Art  Search this
Cronbach, Robert M., 1908-2001  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz, 1904-1985  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Kaz, Nathaniel, 1917-  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Redmond, Roland Livingston, 1892-1982  Search this
Scaravaglione, Concetta, 1900-1975  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet ((on 2 partial microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1955
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence relating to Billings' position as an officer of the National Council for U.S. Art and related photographs, among them one of Roland L. Redmond (President of the Council) with Dag Hammarskjold and Robert Cronbach in front of a sculpture by Cronbach and Jose de Rivera, 1960, and one photo each of works by Jacob Lawrence, Concetta Scaravaglione, and Nathaniel Kaz; a photograph (copyprint made from slide) of Billings seated on a platform among others listening to an unidentified speaker, photographer unknown; and a photograph of Billings seated on a stage near an unidentified speaker, photographed by Eliot Elisofon.
Biographical / Historical:
Henry Billings (1901-1985) was a painter, illustrator, and teacher, from Sag Harbor, N.Y. Born in 1901 in Bronxville, N.Y.; studied at the Art Students' League; lives in Sag Harbor, N.Y.
Provenance:
Donated by Henry Billings, 1965.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Identifier:
AAA.billhenr
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-billhenr

Male figure

Object Name:
mukuya
Maker:
Bembe artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, ceramic, pigment, cloth
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 21.6 x 5.7 x 5.1 cm (8 1/2 x 2 1/4 x 2 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Congo
Date:
Early 20th century
Topic:
Ancestral  Search this
Power  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-296
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys796282edb-a364-475a-a63c-839548c4527b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-296

Male figure

Object Name:
nkisi nkondi
Maker:
Kongo artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, mirror, iron, plant fiber, cloth, leopard teeth, pigment, nails, resin
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 34.2 x 18.5 x 12.6 cm (13 7/16 x 7 5/16 x 4 15/16 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Congo
Date:
Late 19th-early 20th century
Topic:
Power  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-297
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys74286ef8e-4f93-418d-9f53-176df161abdd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-297

Male figure

Maker:
Yaka artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, cowrie shell, seeds, plant fiber, pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 17.5 x 4.4 x 3.5 cm (6 7/8 x 1 3/4 x 1 3/8 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Power  Search this
male  Search this
Healing  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-369
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys71dd54816-37e7-4fb0-bcbc-f34200963173
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-369

Pendant

Maker:
Pende artist  Search this
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6 x 2.9 x 2.2 cm (2 3/8 x 1 1/8 x 7/8 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
Healing  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-395
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys786113b28-020e-4914-a76a-24e2e8172bf7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-395

Pendant

Maker:
Pende artist  Search this
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 6.4 × 3.8 × 1.9 cm (2 1/2 × 1 1/2 × 3/4 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
Healing  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-396
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys77d762b83-e975-4be3-8dbb-d0f59d85d55d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-396

Reliquary guardian figure

Object Name:
eyema bieri
Maker:
Fang artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, metal, plant fiber
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 38.7 x 12.7 x 12.1 cm (15 1/4 x 5 x 4 3/4 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Gabon
Equatorial Guinea
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
Funerary  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-738
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys796432d85-82d6-4000-9912-9c5e043a3c81
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-738

Reliquary guardian figure

Object Name:
ngulu
Maker:
Kota artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, brass, copper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 28.6 x 13 x 7.3 cm (11 1/4 x 5 1/8 x 2 7/8 in.)
Type:
Figure
Geography:
Ogowe-Ngunie River region, Gabon
Date:
Late 19th-early 20th century
Topic:
Funerary  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-740
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7a433d2ea-745d-4e56-aba5-41deb6360093
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-740

Cup

Maker:
Kuba artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 18.4 x 9.8 x 13 cm (7 1/4 x 3 7/8 x 5 1/8 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Kasai-Sankuru River region, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Household  Search this
Status  Search this
Male use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-412
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7f4859b5f-5026-4bd8-8f72-59170b6577e5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-412

Anton Refregier papers, circa 1900-circa 1990

Creator:
Refregier, Anton, 1905-1979  Search this
Subject:
Fast, Howard  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Randall, Byron  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
Yavno, Max  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Greenwood, Marion  Search this
Morley, Eugene  Search this
Refregier, Lila  Search this
Works Progress Administration  Search this
ACA Galleries  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association  Search this
Bard College  Search this
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (U.S.)  Search this
World Peace Council  Search this
Gosudarstvennyµi þErmitazh (Russia)  Search this
New York World's Fair  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Topic:
Artists' studios  Search this
Soviet Union  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Political clubs  Search this
Guatemala  Search this
Art  Search this
Chile  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Tapestry  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9646
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211854
AAA_collcode_refranto
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211854
Online Media:

Henry Billings letters and photographs, 1955

Creator:
Billings, Henry, 1901-1985  Search this
Subject:
Scaravaglione, Concetta Maria  Search this
Redmond, Roland Livingston  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Kaz, Nathaniel  Search this
De Rivera, José Ruiz  Search this
Cronbach, Robert M.  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
National Council for U.S. Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5948
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208791
AAA_collcode_billhenr
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Audio - Visual
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208791

Untitled (Fence in Residential Neighborhood)

Artist:
Eliot Elisofon, born New York City 1911-died New York City 1973  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 5 5/8 x 7 3/4 in. (14.3 x 19.7 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1937
Topic:
Cityscape  Search this
Architecture\religious\church  Search this
Architecture\domestic\apartment  Search this
Architecture\detail\fence  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase in part through the Director's Discretionary Fund
Object number:
1990.67.5
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7ed27dde5-33d2-412c-a4da-c17aa03f7474
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1990.67.5

Untitled (Storefront Window)

Artist:
Eliot Elisofon, born New York City 1911-died New York City 1973  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 6 7/8 x 8 1/4 in. (17.4 x 21.0 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1937
Topic:
Architecture\commercial\store  Search this
Figure female\bust  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase in part through the Director's Discretionary Fund
Copyright:
© 1990, Eliot Elisofon Collection
Object number:
1990.67.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7f62d5cfd-0a32-42ea-914d-a544e4f71e55
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1990.67.6

Face mask

Maker:
Dan artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, nail
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 22.2 x 12.4 x 6.4 cm (8 3/4 x 4 7/8 x 2 1/2 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Cavalla River region, Liberia
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
male  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-104
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys74a05dbff-0264-4833-8d6f-8bbe1277ed6b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-104

Face mask

Object Name:
ngere
Maker:
Bété artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, brass, iron
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 33 x 20.3 x 16.5 cm (13 x 8 x 6 1/2 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Côte d'Ivoire
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
warthog  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-114
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys72a64668b-40b7-4089-8b7d-8d40c82ae1ff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-114

Helmet mask

Maker:
Kwele artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, resin, pigment
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 43.3 x 25.7 x 26.9 cm (17 1/16 x 10 1/8 x 10 9/16 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Gabon
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-290
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys711fd71fc-6905-44d8-824c-b58f5b10ca9f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-290

Rubbing oracle

Object Name:
itombwa
Maker:
Kuba artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7.9 x 30.2 x 10.2 cm (3 1/8 x 11 7/8 x 4 in.)
Type:
Sculpture
Geography:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Divination  Search this
dog  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-436
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys794129920-029e-46db-a480-c8bf23874f5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-436

Crest mask

Object Name:
chi wara kun
Maker:
Bamana artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, resin
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 58.4 x 6.4 x 17.5 cm (23 x 2 1/2 x 6 7/8 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Mali
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Fertility  Search this
antelope  Search this
male  Search this
female  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-48
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7cae646ee-a057-4fea-8991-aae8624b2256
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-48

Crest mask

Object Name:
chi wara kun
Maker:
Bamana artist  Search this
Medium:
Wood, wool, metal, plant fiber
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 27.3 x 55.9 x 8.3 cm (10 3/4 x 22 x 3 1/4 in.)
Type:
Mask
Geography:
Mali
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Agricultural  Search this
pangolin  Search this
antelope  Search this
aardvark  Search this
geometric motif  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Bequest of Eliot Elisofon
Object number:
73-7-743
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7b909a962-0134-441d-9426-5dd474804f06
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_73-7-743

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