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William F. Wheeler Efe Pygmy Papers

Creator:
Wheeler, William F. (William Felix), 1943-2008  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (document box (5 inches); 5 oversized boxes (12x17.5 inches); and 1 oversized box (16 x 20 inches)
Culture:
Efe (African people)  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Photographs
Place:
Ituri Rainforest, Belgian Congo (Zaire)
Date:
bulk 1990-2004
Scope and Contents:
William F. Wheeler papers and photographs of Efe Pygmies. A large part, if not all, of these materials are associated with the 2004 exhibit of Wheeler's Efe Pygmies photographs and artifacts at the San Diego Museum of Man titled "Efe: Archers of the Congo." This collection consists of mounted photographs (20 x 30 inches and 11 x 17 inches); text panels; "Safari Diary of William Wheeler" (3 volumes of typed diary transcripts from 1990, 1993, 1994, 1996, and 1998); photocopies of the original handwritten diaires; bound sample pages of drawings from diaries; enlarged and laminated copies of field journal pages used for the exhibit; a photocopy of Efe collection provenance book (relates to artifact collection donated to NMNH Department of Anthropology Collections Management ); and list of those artifacts and items listed herein.
Biographical / Historical:
William F. Wheeler was born in Blackville, S.C. in 1943 and received an M.D. degree from Duke University after completing his internship at UC San Diego and a specialty degree in anesthesiology at Massachusetts General in Boston. After years of practicing medicine, he bought a Land Rover and began traveling Africa on his own, chalking up 40,000 miles over a five year period. To gain a more intimate experience, he returned to the most remote places and began to explore them on foot. His detailed safari journals, written in the style of 19th century explorers, describe camel journeys in the Sahara, foot safaris with Maasai in Kenya and Tanzania, and hundred of miles of treks with Efe through the rainforest of the Ituri river basin, a tributary of the Congo River. He passed away at the age of 65 of bone-marrow cancer in 2008.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2005-14
Other Archival Materials:
See Photo Lot 2005-19 for William F. Wheeler's color slides of Efe Pygmies.
A DVD video of Efee culture edited from video material was transferred to HSFA.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2005-14 William Wheeler Efe Pygmy Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2005-14
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2005-14

Barkcloth, "Viva"

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
46 cm
Width:
52.1 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Mar 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432244-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34be3d6d6-bbca-4773-ad60-5414c51f904a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945863
Online Media:

Barkcloth, "Rambo"

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
24.1 cm
Width:
38 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Mar 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432245-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3591896a0-daf7-48ed-a03e-8f510accd2bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945864
Online Media:

Barkcloth, "Viva"

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
43 cm
Width:
76 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Mar 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432247-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35ab4e585-0a08-4a6f-8af1-9bfba64421eb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945866
Online Media:

Drum

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
46.5 cm
Culture:
Lese  Search this
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Drum
Place:
Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993 to 1998
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2036145
USNM Number:
E432385-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33ca82343-6e59-4f48-980d-3270acf55e57
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8946004
Online Media:

William F. Wheeler photographs of Africa and Efe people

Creator:
Wheeler, William F. (William Felix), 1943-2008  Search this
Extent:
8 color slides (circa)
Culture:
Maasai (African people)  Search this
Mbuti (African people)  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Efe (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Ituri Forest (Congo)
Algeria
Kenya
Ngorongoro Crater (Tanzania)
Niger
Mali
Date:
1986-1998
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by William F. Wheeler during his expeditions to Africa in July 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1996, and 1998, mostly documenting the Efe of Akokora in the Ituri forest. Photographs relating to the Efe people of Akokora in the Ituri forest include images of Efe people, camps, musical instruments, dances, archery and poison arrows, hunting, barkcloth making and use, body marking, food, animals and plants of the rainforest, forest treks, villages (including Anduli, Dui, and Akokora). Other photographs include images of ceremonies (including an Olngesherr ceremony in the Loita Hills), Mbuti at Epulu, a Masai village in Kenya, William Wheeler's wedding to Linda Penn in a Masai village (1987), Berber nomads and scenic views in Algeria, markets and Tuaregs during a camel trip through Niger, and aerial views.
Biographical/Historical note:
William F. Wheeler (1943-2008) was born in Blackville, South Carolina, and earned a medical degree from Duke University and a specialty degree in anesthesiology at Massachusetts General in Boston. In 1978, after years of practicing medicine, he began traveling Africa by car, making over twenty-four trips during the next three decades. To gain a more intimate experience, he returned to explore the most remote places on foot. His detailed safari journals, written in the style of 19th century explorers, describe camel journeys in the Sahara, foot safaris with Maasai in Kenya and Tanzania, and hundreds of miles of treks with Efe through the rainforest of the Ituri river basin, a tributary of the Congo River. Wheeler's collection of artifacts and photographs formed the basis of a 2004 exhibit at the San Diego Museum of Man.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2005-19, NAA ACC 2010-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 2005-19 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 2010-21. These photographs were also made by William F. Wheeler in Africa and form part of this collection.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the William F. Wheeler Efe Pgymy Papers, 1999-2004 (MS 2005-14).
Artifacts collected by Wheeler held in the Department of Anthropology collections in accessions 2036145, 2034089, and 2033754.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Hunting  Search this
Camps  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Photo Lot 2005-19, William F. Wheeler photographs of Africa and Efe people, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2005-19
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2005-19

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
31.8 cm
Width:
13 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Nduye, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432185-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33f70cd16-b82f-4df5-bd2e-2724658ef798
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945804

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
33 cm
Width:
20 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Nduye, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432186-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3388fb115-ddb6-453c-a30b-7120402ff893
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945805

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
24.1 cm
Width:
46 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Nduye, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432187-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d756c1c0-e9b6-41c7-b18e-ca0d93314bb5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945806

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
33 cm
Width:
28 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Nduye, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432188-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/310ca522a-34ed-4e44-b6e7-b3e257143308
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945807

Barkcloth, "Bezangu"

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
31.8 cm
Width:
59.7 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432189-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35b353581-6647-4880-895e-595c4c9c1a93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945808

Barkcloth, "Bezangu"

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
28 cm
Width:
66 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1993
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432190-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f6e665b9-5635-4097-b583-99a9aded2ea8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945809

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
23 cm
Width:
53 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1994
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432191-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/31d66ab56-1148-4004-b170-e3670f1760ce
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945810

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
46 cm
Width:
56 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
1994
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432192-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38107db61-3b1d-4ab0-bb41-97add236eb0f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945811

Barkcloth, "Salumu"

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
53 cm
Width:
28 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Jul 1996
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432193-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f24422e9-1256-4215-b8da-8fc1be39157c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945812

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
43 cm
Width:
28 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Jul 1996
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432194-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3681de3b3-9c8c-4414-8144-6f8b64ea1a1d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945813

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
56 cm
Width:
43 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Jul 1996
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432195-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/325a1c4f0-0cd7-4bf8-9c24-3093906cfd66
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945814

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
51 cm
Width:
48 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Jul 1996
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432198-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f2636ffb-4eb5-4ccb-ad11-e8c281826ee1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945817

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
53 cm
Width:
30 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Jul 1996
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432199-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3e355d3a9-46fb-41fc-9489-e4f15202f0f2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945818

Barkcloth

Collector:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William F. Wheeler  Search this
Length:
81 cm
Width:
33 cm
Culture:
Efe Pygmy  Search this
Object Type:
Barkcloth
Place:
Akokoro, Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa
Accession Date:
12 Apr 2006
Collection Date:
Jul 1996
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2033754
USNM Number:
E432202-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36e0ef3a5-0a3a-496e-ae01-3482e64efd8a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8945821

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