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Unregistered Letters Received

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Apr. 1867–July 1868
Collection Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commerical use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Collection Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M1053, File 3.3.2
See more items in:
Records of the Superintendent of Education for the State of Virginia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1870
Records of the Superintendent of Education for the State of Virginia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1870 / Series 3: Letters Received / 3.3: Unregistered Letters Received
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-fb-m1053-ref21
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Online Media:

Oral history interview with Roswell Weidner, 1989 July 20-27

Interviewee:
Weidner, Roswell T., 1911-1999  Search this
Weidner, Roswell T., 1911-1999  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Subject:
Curran, Mary  Search this
De Mazia, Violette  Search this
Garber, Daniel  Search this
Harding, George  Search this
Laessle, Albert  Search this
McCarter, Henry  Search this
Nuse, Roy Cleveland  Search this
Pierson, Joseph  Search this
Pinto, Angelo  Search this
Speight, Francis  Search this
Thrash, Dox  Search this
Weidner, Marilyn Kemp  Search this
Barnes Foundation  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
United States. National Youth Administration  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12252
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212536
AAA_collcode_weidne89
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212536

Oral history interview with Warren Rohrer, 1989 March 9-June 1

Interviewee:
Rohrer, Warren, 1927-1995  Search this
Rohrer, Warren, 1927-1995  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Subject:
Pittman, Hobson Lafayette  Search this
Speight, Francis  Search this
Makler Gallery  Search this
Marian Locks Gallery  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
State College (Pa.)  Search this
Philadelphia College of Art  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12993
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213406
AAA_collcode_rohrer89
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213406

Oral history interview with Helen Williams Drutt English, 2018 January 8-26

Interviewee:
Drutt, Helen Williams, 1930-  Search this
Drutt, Helen Williams, 1930-  Search this
Interviewer:
Milosch, Jane, 1964-  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art dealers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)17541
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)392623
AAA_collcode_drutt18
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_392623

Angel Suarez Rosado papers, 1978-2010

Creator:
Suarez Rosado, Angel, 1957-  Search this
Suarez Rosado, Angel, 1957-  Search this
Subject:
McCarthy, Justin  Search this
Rojas, Daniel  Search this
Rosario, Vidal  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Educators -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Theme:
Latino and Latin American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16283
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)373510
AAA_collcode_suarange
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_373510

Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers

Creator:
Smith family (Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Names:
Smith, Mary Priscilla, 1819-1874  Search this
Smith, Mary Russell, 1842-1878  Search this
Smith, Russell, 1812-1896  Search this
Smith, Xanthus, 1839-1929  Search this
Extent:
5.12 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Writings
Scrapbooks
Tintypes
Drawings
Daguerreotypes
Ambrotypes
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
1793-1977
bulk 1826-1977
Summary:
The Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers comprise 5.12 linear feet and are dated 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Correspondence, writings, artwork, financial records, printed material, miscellaneous items and photographs provide documentation of the lives and works of painter, illustrator and poet, Russell Smith, and his son, painter Xanthus Smith, and scattered documentation of the lives of his wife, painter and educator Mary Priscilla Smith, and daughter and painter Mary Russell Smith.
Scope and Content Note:
The Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers comprise 5.12 linear feet and are dated 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Correspondence, writings, artwork, financial records, printed material, miscellaneous items and photographs provide documentation of the lives and works of painter, illustrator and poet, Russell Smith, and his son, painter Xanthus Smith, and scattered documentation of the lives of his wife, painter and educator Mary Priscilla Smith, and daughter and painter Mary Russell Smith.

Family papers include correspondence, writings, printed material, and miscellaneous items. Correspondence, the bulk of which is comprised of letters to and from Russell and Xanthus Smith, covers both personal and professional matters. Among the correspondents are family, friends, colleagues, and arts organizations. Writings, printed material, and miscellaneous items in this series refer either to the entire Smith family or multiple individuals. Miscellaneous items also concern Horace Binder, father-in-law of Xanthus Smith.

The Russell Smith papers are comprised of biographical information, writings, artwork, and financial records. Biographical information includes some personal documents such as passports and marriage certificates. Among Russell Smith's writings are an autobiography, transcripts of correspondence, and notes. Artwork consists of loose pages and sketch books containing sketches and drawings in pencil, ink, and watercolor. His financial records are cash books recording professional and personal expenses, and receipts and memorabilia from the family's 1851-1852 travels in Europe. The printed material consists of loose clippings and a scrapbook of clippings from Philadelphia newspapers, as well as a small number of exhibition catalogs.

The Xanthus Smith papers consist of biographical information, artwork, financial records, and printed material. Among the writings are his unpublished autobiography, biographies of his father and sister, impressions of the Centennial art exhibition, journals, notes, and poems. Artwork consists of loose sketches in pencil and ink, and sketchbooks containing sketches and finished drawings in pencil and ink, some colored with gouache or watercolor washes. Financial records are cash books recording personal and professional expenses. Printed material includes clippings and a scrapbook.

The Mary Smith papers consist of writings, sketches, and printed material. The papers of her mother, Mary Priscilla Smith, are comprised of writings and printed material.

Photographs are of people, artwork, and miscellaneous subjects. People represented are Russell and Mary Priscilla Smith, their children Xanthus and Mary Smith, and several other relatives including Xanthus's wife and Russell's sister, granddaughter, and uncle. Photographs include ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, and tintypes, along with glass negatives and a small number of original prints. Copy prints have been produced from the glass negatives and other cased photographs. Photographs of artwork are of paintings by Russell Smith, Xanthus Smith, and other artists.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 6 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Smith Family Papers, 1793-1977 (Box 1; 0.9 linear ft.)

Series 2: Russell Smith Papers, 1805-1954 (Boxes 1-2; 1.2 linear ft.)

Series 3: Xanthus Smith Papers, 1850-1953 (Boxes 3-4; 1.9 linear ft.)

Series 4: Mary Smith Papers, 1852-1877 (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 5: Mary Priscilla Smith Papers, 1839-1874 (21 folders)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1845-1934 (Box 6-7, MGP 3, Black Cabinet; 0.9 linear ft.)

Microfilm reel numbers and frames are referenced at folder headings in parenthesis when known. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Biographical Note:
Russell Smith (1812-1896) was a native of Glasgow, Scotland whose family came to the United States in 1819 and settled near Pittsburgh. The Smith children were educated at home, and Russell showed an early interest in art. His first formal training in portraiture and landscape painting was in Pittsburgh under James Reid Lambdin. Around 1827, Smith began painting backdrops for theaters and within 6 years had achieved a national reputation for his theatrical painting. In 1835 he moved to Philadelphia to paint for the Walnut Street Theater, and soon received commissions to paint for theaters in Boston and Washington. Around this time, he also began writing poetry. Even while engaged in theatrical work, Smith continued to paint landscapes which were exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Artists' Fund Society of Philadelphia as early as 1834.

Russell Smith married Mary Priscilla Wilson, a flower painter and teacher of French and drawing, in 1838. By the 1840s, in addition to painting landscapes and theatrical backdrops, Smith was advertising his services as an "illustrator for lectures on various branches of natural science painted in distemper." He accompanied the scientific expeditions of geologists William Barton Rogers and Henry Darwin Rogers to Virginia and the Susquehanna and Juniata River valleys of Pennsylvania in 1844 and 1845 as an illustrator. During this period, Smith also traveled extensively in New Hampshire and upstate New York for summer painting expeditions. The Smiths traveled to Europe with their two children in 1851-1852, touring Wales, Scotland, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands, London, and Paris. Smith visited major museums and private collections, as well as architectural attractions, making sketches and keeping detailed notes of the trip.

Smith continued painting landscapes well into old age, even though his long out of fashion works were rejected with increasing frequency by the juries of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He died in 1896.

Born in Milestown, Pennsylvania in 1819, Mary Priscilla Smith (1819-1874) studied at a female seminary in Germantown, Pennsylvania operated by noted educator William Russell (Russell Smith's uncle) in Germantown, Pennsylvania, and at Charles Picot's school in Philadelphia. She eventually became a teacher of French, drawing, and painting at the Picot school, and later taught at a school established by William Russell in Philadelphia.

At her husband's urging, Mary Priscilla Smith, already an accomplished flower painter, began painting figures and landscapes, and participated in exhibitions of the Artists' Fund Society exhibitions. After becoming a mother, she painted very little but taught her children, Xanthus and Mary, to draw and paint. Mary Priscilla Smith died in 1874.

Xanthus Smith (1839-1929) was born in Philadelphia and was educated at home. During the family's European tour of 1851-1852 he saw a wide variety of art and, upon returning home, began painting with enthusiasm. Around 1858 he enrolled in a cast drawing class at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.

At the start of the Civil War Xanthus Smith enlisted in the Navy, where he served as clerk to the commander of a flagship guarding Port Royal, South Carolina. He began producing detailed drawings of the ships both for official purposes and his own enjoyment. After the war, he continued painting ships and exhibited many of these paintings at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Further commissions of Civil War subjects followed, and Xanthus Smith was soon recognized as the foremost painter of Civil War naval battle scenes.

In the 1880s, Xanthus Smith began painting European landscapes, probably based on his father's sketches made during their 1851-1852 tour of Europe. By the 1900s, he was concentrating on portraiture and figure subjects, and continued painting well into old age. His final years were spent in an unsuccessful attempt to publish his autobiography, "An Unvarnished Tale." Xanthus Smith died in 1929.

Mary Russell Smith (1842-1878) was born near Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. Her mother provided her with instruction in flower painting and she sketched animals and insects independently. At age fourteen Mary Smith completed her first oil painting and by 1858 had begun compiling a list of her completed pictures. She was encouraged by her parents to pursue a career as a professional artist. From 1859-1869, and in 1876 and 1878, Mary Smith exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. She also participated in exhibitions at the National Academy of Design in New York, and in the 1876 Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia.

From early childhood, Mary Smith enjoyed raising poultry, and chickens became her favorite painting subject. Her paintings of chickens were popular with Philadelphia art collectors, and sought after in England.

Always sickly, Mary Smith died of gastric fever in 1878. At her request, Russell Smith established the Mary Smith Prize, awarded annually by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, for the best painting exhibited by a woman resident of Philadelphia.
Provenance:
The Smith family papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 1978 and 1979 by Franklin R. Smith, a family descendent.
Restrictions:
The collection is partially microfilmed. Use of material not microfilmed requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Educators -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Illustrators -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Poets -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 19th century -- Pensylvania  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Writings
Scrapbooks
Tintypes
Drawings
Daguerreotypes
Ambrotypes
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Smith family papers, 1793-1977, bulk 1826-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitfami
See more items in:
Russell, Xanthus, and Mary Smith family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitfami
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Roswell Weidner

Interviewee:
Weidner, Roswell, 1911-1999  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Names:
Barnes Foundation  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
United States. National Youth Administration  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Curran, Mary  Search this
De Mazia, Violette, 1899-  Search this
Garber, Daniel, 1880-  Search this
Harding, George, 1882-1959  Search this
Laessle, Albert, 1877-1954  Search this
McCarter, Henry, 1866-1942  Search this
Nuse, Roy Cleveland, b. 1885  Search this
Pierson, Joseph  Search this
Pinto, Angelo, 1908-1994  Search this
Speight, Francis, 1896-1989  Search this
Thrash, Dox, 1892-1965  Search this
Weidner, Marilyn Kemp, 1928-  Search this
Extent:
134 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1989 July 20-27
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Roswell Weidner conducted 1989 July 20-27, by Marina Pacini, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project. Weidner discusses his early life, education, and art training at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, first at the school at Chester Springs, and later at the main school in Philadelphia. He discusses the programs at both schools, and recalls some of the faculty members, including Roy Nuse, Albert Laessle, George Harding, Joseph Pierson, Francis Speight, Daniel Garber, and Henry McCarter. He discusses the courses, exhibitions, and the competitions for traveling scholarships. He also discusses his study at the Barnes Foundation with Violette De Mazia and Angelo Pinto. After leaving the Academy, he joined the National Youth Administration and then transferred to the WPA with the Museum Extension, the Painting Project and the Print Project. He speaks of his work for each of these programs, their administration, and some of the individuals involved including Dox Thrash. He recalls Mary Curran and the efforts made by Albert Barnes to have her removed as head of the Painting Project. Weidner discusses his fifty years as a teacher at the Academy, beginning in 1939, and the changes in the institution since then, including the introduction of printmaking, the growth of abstraction, the hiring of women and black instructors, and other changes. He speaks of his wife, Marilyn Kemp Weidner, a paper conservator, and the development of her practice, as well as his own future work.
Biographical / Historical:
Roswell T. Weidner (1911-1999) was a painter and educator from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr.; 18 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.weidne89
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-weidne89
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Louis Sloan

Interviewee:
Sloan, Louis B. (Louis Baynard), 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Veloric, Cynthia  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts -- Faculty  Search this
Extent:
110 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1991 July 18
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Louis Sloan conducted 1991 July 18, by Cynthia Veloric, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Sloan discusses his background; early art training at the Fleisher Art Memorial; attending the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; his instructors including Hobson Pittman and Francis Speight; fellow students including Roy Saunders and Elizabeth Osborne; difficulties he encountered as an African American artist; traveling to Europe on a Cresson fellowship and traveling the United States on a Guggenheim fellowship; teaching at the PAFA and changes in the school; working as an assistant to conservator Ted Siegel at the PAFA and the Philadelphia Museum of Art; the development of his art; subject matter; being a landscape painter; and exhibitions and sales of his work.
Biographical / Historical:
Louis Sloan (1932- ) is a painter from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 4 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hr., 53 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics, and administrators.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Conservation and restoration  Search this
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Landscape painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.sloan91
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sloan91
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Warren Rohrer

Interviewee:
Rohrer, Warren  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Names:
Makler Gallery  Search this
Marian Locks Gallery  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Philadelphia College of Art  Search this
State College (Pa.)  Search this
Pittman, Hobson Lafayette, 1899 or 1900-1972  Search this
Speight, Francis, 1896-1989  Search this
Extent:
258 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1989 March 9-June 1
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Warren Rohrer conducted 1989 March 9-June 1, by Marina Pacini, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project. Rohrer speaks of his early life as a Mennonite and his schooling on a farm in Lancaster, Pa.; his art studies at Eastern Mennonite College, James Madison College, Pennsylvania State University with Hobson Pittman, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts with Francis Speight, and art history classes at the University of Pennsylvania; the development of his work, his efforts at portraiture, and the importance of landscape to his art for most of his career as a painter; his teaching in the Education Department at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Philadelphia College of Art; his exhibitions at the Robert Carlen Galleries, the Makler Gallery, the Pennsylvania Academy's Morris Gallery, the Marian Locks Gallery in Philadelphia, as well as the Lamagna Gallery and CDS Gallery in New York City; his collectors, and critics' reactions to his work in New York and Philadelphia.
Biographical / Historical:
Warren Rohrer (1927-1995) was a painter and educator from Philadelphia, Pa.
General:
Originally recorded on 7 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 13 digital wav files. Duration is 9 hr., 54 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript: Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.rohrer89
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rohrer89
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Paul Keene

Interviewee:
Keene, Paul F., Jr., 1920-2009  Search this
Interviewer:
Pacini, Marina  Search this
Names:
Galerie Huit  Search this
Philadelphia College of Art  Search this
Tyler School of Art  Search this
Extent:
3 Sound cassettes (Sound recording)
152 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 Apr. 23
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Paul Keene conducted 1990 Apr. 23, by Marina Pacini, for the Archives of American Art Philadelphia Project.
Keene discusses his early life, family and education including his studies at the Philadelphia College of Art and Temple University's Tyler Art School; his service during World War II; traveling to Paris on the GI Bill, his studies at the Academie Julian and the founding and operation of Galerie Huit; his travels to Haiti on a Whitney fellowship including a discussion of his time at the Centre d'Art with DeWitt Peters and the Hatian Renaissance; his teaching at the Philadelphia College of Art and Bucks County Community College; and his work.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul F. Keene (1920-2009) was an Afro-American painter and educator from Philadelphia, Pa.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
This transcript is open for research. Access to the entire recording is restricted. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Function:
Art Schools -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.keene90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-keene90
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Helen Williams Drutt English

Interviewee:
Drutt, Helen Williams  Search this
Interviewer:
Milosch, Jane  Search this
Extent:
21 Items (Sound recording: 21 sound files (6 hr., 47 min.), digital, wav)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
2018 January 8-26
Scope and Contents:
An interview with Helen Williams Drutt English conducted 2018 January 8,9, and 26, by Jane Milosch, for the Archives of American Art, at Drutt's homes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New York, New York.
Biographical / Historical:
Helen Williams Drutt English (1930- ) is a curatorial consultant and educator in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and New York, New York. Jane Milosch (1964- ) is a former curator with the Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the papers of Helen Williams Drutt English.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
For information on how to access this interview contact Reference Services.
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Art dealers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Educators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Interviews  Search this
Jewelry  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.drutt18
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-drutt18

Oral history interview with Edna Andrade

Interviewee:
Andrade, Edna, 1917-2008  Search this
Interviewer:
Likos, Patricia  Search this
Names:
Barnes Foundation  Search this
Easthampton Gallery  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Andrade, C. Preston (Clarence Preston), 1912-1977  Search this
Garber, Daniel, 1880-  Search this
Harding, George, 1882-1959  Search this
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Extent:
114 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1987 April 1-29
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edna Andrade conducted 1987 April 1-29, by Patricia Likos, for the Archives of American Art.
Andrade speaks of her upbringing in Virginia, her education at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in the 1930s under Daniel Garber, Henry McCarter, and George Harding; visiting the Barnes Foundation; her travels in Europe and Egypt and living and working as a teacher and a graphic designer in New Orleans, Washington, and Philadelphia. She discusses the influence of the Bauhaus and Paul Klee on her work and teaching, her marriage to C. Preston Andrade, working in the training and education division of the Office of Strategic Services during World War II, the shift in her work from realism to abstraction, her associations with the Easthampton Gallery in New York and the Marian Locks Gallery in Philadelphia, and changes in the Philadelphia art scene. She recalls Violet Oakley.
Biographical / Historical:
Edna W. Andrade (1917-2008) was a painter from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hrs., 31 minutes.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Women educators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.andrad87
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-andrad87
Online Media:

Neil Welliver papers

Creator:
Welliver, Neil  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Video recordings
Date:
1964-1981
Summary:
The papers of painter and educator Neil Welliver measure 1.4 linear feet and date from 1964-1981. The collection documents Welliver's career through mixed professional and personal files that include correspondence, some exhibition material, writings, slides of art by others and of friends, and a video recording of a talk given by Welliver in 1974.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter and educator Neil Welliver measure 1.4 linear feet and date from 1964-1981. The collection documents Welliver's career through mixed professional and personal files that include correspondence, some exhibition material, writings, slides of art by others and of friends, and a video recording of a talk given by Welliver in 1974.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as one series due to its small size.
Biographical / Historical:
Neil Welliver (1929-2005) was a painter and educator from Millville, Pennsylvania.

Welliver earned his bachelor's degree from the Philadelphia College of Art and his Master of Fine Arts degree at Yale University where he studied under Josef Albers and Burgoyne Diller. By the late 1950s Welliver had developed his signature style of combining abstract and representational art, painting people and landscapes and other natural scenes. He taught at Cooper Union from 1953-1957 and at Yale University from 1955-1966. He then began working at the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Fine Art, going on to become chairman before retiring in 1989. With the encouragement of Alex Katz and Lois Dodd, Welliver began spending time in Maine in the early 1960s, painting and exploring the natural landscape. By the 1970s, Welliver spent most of his time away from Philadelphia on his property in Lincolnville, Maine.

Welliver's solo shows included exhibitions at Alexandra Grotto in Philadelphia, Stable Gallery in New York, Tibor de Nagy Gallery in New York, and the Farnsworth Museum of Art in Maine. Group exhibitions that featured his work included Five Landscape Paintings (2006), University of Maine Museum of Art, In The Country (1987), The Bronx Museum of the Arts, Annual Exhibition: Contemporary American Painting (1972), Whitney Museum of American Art, and many others. His paintings can be found in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, among others.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Neil Welliver in 1981 and 1999.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Maine  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Maine  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Citation:
Neil Welliver papers, 1964-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.wellneil
See more items in:
Neil Welliver papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wellneil

Angel Suarez Rosado papers

Creator:
Suárez Rosádo, Angel  Search this
Names:
McCarthy, Justin, 1891-1977  Search this
Rojas, Daniel  Search this
Rosario, Vidal  Search this
Extent:
1.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Date:
1978-2010
Scope and Contents:
Teaching files, artists' files, two scrapbooks, photographs, works of art including a sketchbook and two altered book sculptures, printed material, and an artifact relating to artist Angel Suarez Rosado.
Artists' files relate to Justin McCarthy, Vidal Rosario, and Daniel Rojas, friends and colleagues of Suarez Rosado.
Biographical / Historical:
Angel Suarez Rosado (1957- ) is a Puerto Rican born altar maker, sculptor, mask maker, painter, and educator in Easton, Pennsylvania. Angel Suarez Rosado moved to New York City from Cayeye, Puerto Rico as a young adult and was active in New York. Suarez Rosado currently teaches classes at the Crayola Factory, Easton, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
Donated 2015 by Angel Suarez Rosado.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Sculptors -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Topic:
Educators -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.suarange
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-suarange

Raymond Steth papers

Creator:
Steth, Raymond, 1917-1997  Search this
Names:
Philographic School of Art  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
1941-1989
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection of the papers of African American printmaker Raymond Steth contains corrrespondence; business records; photographs; printed material; and records of the Philographic School of Art including correspondence, financial records, course materials, student records, printed material, and photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Raymond Steth (1917-1997) was an African American printmaker in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He worked for the WPA's Federal Art Project graphics division and collaborated with Dox Thrash, an artist known for developing new methods of Carborundum printing. After the WPA, Steth founded and directed the Philographic School of Art, an independent printmaking and graphics workshop teaching commercial, fine, and graphic art.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds the Oral history interview with Raymond Steth, 1990 April 28 conducted by Marge Kline.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1989 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Printmakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.stetraym
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stetraym

Paul King papers

Creator:
King, Paul Bernard, Sr., 1867-1947  Search this
Extent:
2.7 Linear feet ((on 1 partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1871-1977
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; letters; business records; photographs; works of art; and printed material.
REEL 3320: Photographs, of works of art, of ancestors, family members, friends, and business associates; 16 original works of art, including one print and 15 pencil drawings; and one exhibition catalog, 1919.
UNMICROFILMED: 15 biographical accounts, 1929-1948; letters received by King and his family from friends, patrons, and colleagues express congratulations, thanks, and condolences, 1907-1959; a contract engaging William Bell as King's agent, 1939; 4 sales ledgers, 1926-1951; lists of paintings sold, 1948-1975; 4 address books, a gallery visitors' book, 1950-1952; printed material; and photographs, 1907-1940, of King, his family, and his works of art.
Biographical / Historical:
Portrait and landscape painter. Began his career in Buffalo, New York, working as a lithographer's assistant. Studied at the Art Students League of New York under Mowbray, in Paris, and in Holland with Willy Sluiter, Bloomers, and Peters. During World War I, specialized in the application of camouflage. Member of the National Academy of Design, the Salmagundi Club, and many other art clubs. Director of Philadelphia Art Alliance and President of the Philadelphia School of Design for Women.
Provenance:
Material on reel 3320 lent for microfilming and unmicrofilmed material donated 1984 by Mr. & Mrs. Paul King, Jr., son and daughter-in-law of Paul King.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Portrait painting -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Landscape painting -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.kingpaul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kingpaul

Paul F. Keene papers

Creator:
Keene, Paul F., Jr., 1920-2009  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Scrapbooks
Date:
circa 1940-1987
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection of the papers of African American painter and educator Paul F. Keene consists of correspondence regarding Keene's application for the Whitney Fellowship, Mr. Whitney's purchase of a painting, and a letter from Humbert Howard regarding an award and exhibition of Keene's painting at the Pyramid Club; diplomas; and painting inventories. Also included is a scrapbook containing portraits of Keene as a student, his time in Paris, and of his exhibitions, as well as a letter from the Whitney regarding an exhibition. Photographs and printed material are also included in the collection. Photographs depict Keene's paintings; family; students at Tyler; Keene and fellow artists in front of Galerie Huit in Paris; Keene's apartment; friends in Paris and Haiti; and Keene teaching at Philadelphia College of Art.
Biographical / Historical:
Paul F. Keene, Jr. (1920-2009) was an African American painter and educator in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A Tuskegee Airman in WWII, Keene used his G.I. Bill to study at Academie Julian in Paris. While in Paris, he was a founding member of Galerie Huit, a collective gallery for American artists. Keene received a John J. Whitney fellowhip and studied and taught in Haiti from 1952-1954. He also exhibited his work while there. Upon his return to the United States, Keene taught at the Philadelphia College of Art, the Tyler School of Art at Temple University, and at Bucks County Community College.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1988 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.keenpaul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-keenpaul

Milton Morriss James papers

Creator:
James, Milton Morriss, 1926-  Search this
Names:
Harmon Foundation  Search this
State Teachers College at Cheyney  Search this
Bloch, Julius T. (Julius Thiengen), 1888-1966  Search this
Brady, Mary Beatty  Search this
Tanner, Henry Ossawa, 1859-1937  Search this
Waring, Laura Wheeler, 1887-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Microfilm reel
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Sketchbooks
Date:
1923-1980
Scope and Contents:
This microfilm collection consists of papers compiled by Milton Morriss James on African American artists Laura Wheeler Waring and Henry Ossawa Tanner, as well as on artist Julius Bloch.

The compiled papers related to Laura Wheeler Waring include correspondence (1923-1946) regarding commissions, exhibitions, honorary positions, and activities related to State Teachers College at Cheyney, as well as a letter from J. O. Tanner offering to sell an H. O. Tanner painting to Waring for Cheyney; teaching materials, including course outlines, exams, and reports for music and art appreciation, handwriting, visual education, and other art classes; a sketchbook; and printed material (1948-1977).

Julius Bloch material (1950-1980) includes correspondence regarding James' effort to purchase a Bloch painting, as well as an article on Bloch.

James' correspondence (1948-1977) relates to efforts to get a Philadelphia public school named after Laura Wheeler Waring and to organize exhibitions of Waring's work. Research correspondence conserns publications on Warring and Henry O. Tanner. Also included is correspondence with Mary Beattie Brady of the Harmon Foundation regarding works of art for Cheyney and the Laura Wheeler Waring Public School.
Biographical / Historical:
Milton Morriss James (1926-) is a teacher and author in Yeadon, Pennsylvania. James taught in the Philadelphia Public School System and publishes books and articles on African American artists. He was acquainted with Laura Wheeler Waring in the 1940s.
Provenance:
Microfilmed in 1990 as part of AAA's Philadelphia Arts Documentation Project. James collected the Waring papers from Dr. Waring after Laura Wheeler Waring's death for his research.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Authors -- Pennsylvania -- Yeadon  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
African American universities and colleges -- Pennsylvania -- Cheyney  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
African American painters  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.jamemilt
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-jamemilt

Abraham P. Hankins papers

Creator:
Hankins, Abraham P., 1900-1963  Search this
Extent:
3.22 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Date:
1935-1979
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; correspondence, mostly of Hankin's wife, Estelle Hankins; artwork including sketchbooks, loose sketches, drawings; writings, including a facsimile of Hankins annotated manuscript for "The Way to Art" privately published in 1979 by Dorothy Morgan Levin, the executor of Hankins' estate, and "Primer of Art"; photographs; and printed material including exhibition catalogs, documenting the career of teacher and painter Abraham Hankins.
Biographical / Historical:
Abraham Hankins (1900-1963) was a teacher and painter in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Two of Hankins' paintings were purchased by Dr. Albert Barnes.
Provenance:
Donated 1964 by Mrs. Estelle Hankins, Abraham Hankins' widow, and in 2015 by Deborah Stone, whose mother Ruth Kirschner Stone received art work from her friend Dorothy Morgan Levin, executor of Hankins' estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Occupation:
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.hankabra
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hankabra

Allan Randall Freelon papers

Creator:
Freelon, Allan Randall, 1895-1960  Search this
Extent:
4.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1895-2008
Scope and Contents:
The papers of African American painter Allan Randall Freelon measure 4.2 linear feet and date from 1895-2008. The papers document Freelon's painting and teaching career and include correspondence with institutions Freelon was involved with as well as letters from colleagues; printed material; three scrapbooks containing letters to Freelon and newspaper clippings; three journals, a notebook, and two datebooks by Freelon; exhibition files; personal business records consisting of a handwritten list of works sold, 1930-1935, and material regarding the auction of Freelon's estate in 1997; photographs of family, classmates, colleagues, art work, exhibitions, and events; and artwork including three sketchbooks.
Biographical / Historical:
Allan Randall Freelon (1895-1960) was a an African American painter and teacher who worked in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Provenance:
The collection was donated in 2019 by Nnenna Freelon, the widow of Phil Freelon, Allan Freelon's grandson, and their daughter, Maya Freelon as part of the Archives' African American Collecting Initiative funded by the Henry Luce Foundation.
Restrictions:
This collection is temporarily closed to researchers due to archival processing. Contact Reference Services for more information
Occupation:
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Educators -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Topic:
African American artists  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.freealla
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-freealla

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