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Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistas Mari, al-Karmili, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Additional Online Media:

A hunt

Medium:
Ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 20.5 x 26.5 cm (8 1/16 x 10 7/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Tabriz, Iran
Date:
circa 1530-1540
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
hunting  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.290
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.290

Seated youth holding an album

Artist:
signed by Sayyid Ali  Search this
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 25 x 18 cm (9 13/16 x 7 1/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Tabriz, Iran
Date:
circa 1540
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
youth  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.291
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.291

An old man carries a bowl

Medium:
Ink and lead white on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 37.4 x 24.5 cm (14 3/4 x 9 5/8 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
ca. 1610-1615
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
man  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.303
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.303

Seated woman and a youth

Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 12.9 x 18 cm (5 1/16 x 7 1/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
ca. 1600-1610
Period:
Safavid Period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
woman  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.309
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.309

Top: Head of a youth; Bottom: Old man drawn up cloth over his head

Artist:
Riza Abbasi (ca. 1565-1635)  Search this
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (overall): 13.3 × 6.8 cm (5 1/4 × 2 11/16 in)
H x W (top): 6.5 × 6.7 cm (2 9/16 × 2 5/8 in)
H x W (bottom): 6.8 × 6.8 cm (2 11/16 × 2 11/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
1630s
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
youth  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.310
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.310

Two lovers and a bearded man

Artist:
Riza Abbasi (ca. 1565-1635)  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color wash on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 10.5 x 15.8 cm (4 1/8 x 6 1/4 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
ca. 1610-1615
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
lovers  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.311
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.311

Bearded man leans on stick

Medium:
Ink and color wash on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 33.7 x 22.8 cm (13 1/4 x 9 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Iran
Date:
ca. 1590s
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
portrait  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
man  Search this
nasta'liq script  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.312
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.312

Youth holding a falcon

Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 16.6 x 10.4 cm (6 9/16 x 4 1/8 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Qazvin, Iran
Date:
ca. 1575-1580
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
falcon  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
falconry  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.313
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.313

Hunt

Artist:
Ascribed erroneously to Riza Abbasi (ca. 1565-1635)  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 47.3 x 33.2 cm (18 5/8 x 13 1/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
1626 (1035 A.H.)
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
hunting  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Henri Vever collection  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
Accession Number:
S1986.314
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S1986.314

A Bird Catches a Butterfly

Artist:
Shafi ' Abbasi  Search this
Medium:
Black ink and wash on light brown paper
Dimensions:
H x W (drawing): 11.2 × 16.9 cm (4 7/16 × 6 5/8 in)
Type:
Drawing
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
circa 1650
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
bird  Search this
butterfly  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1996.36
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1996.36

Portrait of Muhammad Shah Padishah

Medium:
Ink and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (sheet & image): 10.2 x 15.4 cm (4 x 6 1/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Origin:
Iran
Date:
1580s-1590s
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
portrait  Search this
horse  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
bow  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
horseman  Search this
arrow  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1947.22
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1947.22
Additional Online Media:

A Monkey Riding A Lion

Artist:
Mu'in Musavvir  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (drawing): 13.7 × 6.9 cm (5 3/8 × 2 11/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
1672
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
lion  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
monkey  Search this
Iran  Search this
shield  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1966.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1966.13

Portrait of a lady

Medium:
Ink, slight tint, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 12.4 x 5.4 cm (4 7/8 x 2 1/8 in)
Type:
Drawing
Origin:
Iran
Date:
early 17th century
Topic:
portrait  Search this
woman  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1931.12
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1931.12
Additional Online Media:

Youth and parrot

Artist:
Shaykh Muhammad  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color wash on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 14.7 x 8.3 cm (5 13/16 x 3 1/4 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Qazvin, Iran
Date:
circa 1575
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
parrot  Search this
Iran  Search this
youth  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1937.23
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1937.23

Two demons, fettered

Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (painting): 14.6 × 22.1 cm (5 3/4 × 8 11/16 in)
Type:
Drawing
Origin:
Iran or Central Asia
Date:
15th century
Period:
Timurid period
Topic:
demon  Search this
Timurid period (1378 - 1506)  Search this
fiddle  Search this
Central Asia  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1937.25
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1937.25

Album page: a group of dervishes

Medium:
Ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (drawing): 15.9 × 9.6 cm (6 1/4 × 3 3/4 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
early 17th century
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
drinking  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1940.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1940.18

A woman carrying a large jar

Artist:
Muhammad Muhsin  Search this
Medium:
Ink and color wash on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 21.1 x 10.1 cm (8 5/16 x 4 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
1649
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
woman  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1912.99
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1912.99

Seated man holding a book

Medium:
Ink and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 10.3 x 4.7 cm (4 1/16 x 1 7/8 in)
Type:
Drawing
Origin:
Iran
Date:
mid 17th century
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
man  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number:
F1907.765
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1907.765

Horseman with dead body of enemy

Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 9.6 x 15.8 cm (3 3/4 x 6 1/4 in)
Type:
Drawing
Album
Origin:
Isfahan, Iran
Date:
mid-17th century
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
horse  Search this
death  Search this
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
Iran  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
horseman  Search this
study  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1953.47
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1953.47

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