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Biographical Sketches

Collection Creator:
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1947-1961
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Ben Shahn papers, 1879-1990, bulk 1933-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Ben Shahn papers
Ben Shahn papers / Series 1: Biographical and Family Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9502c0fb0-3856-4a02-9c19-a02a46d276c0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-shahben-ref17
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Oral history interview with Saul Steinberg, 1971

Interviewee:
Steinberg, Saul, 1914-1999  Search this
Interviewer:
Glueck, Grace  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12966
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213137
AAA_collcode_steinb71
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213137

Oral history interview with Robert Beverly Hale, 1984 Mar. 7

Interviewee:
Hale, Robert Beverly, 1901-1985  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F  Search this
Subject:
Barr, Alfred H., Jr.  Search this
Bridgman, George Brant  Search this
Coyle, Terence  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Geldzahler, Henry  Search this
Hirshhorn, Joseph H.  Search this
Huxley, Julian  Search this
Klonis, Stewart  Search this
McNulty, William Charles  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Priest, Alan Reed  Search this
Rockefeller, David  Search this
Root, Edward Wales  Search this
Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph)  Search this
Russell, Bertrand  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Columbia University  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Arts administrators -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Drawing -- Technique  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13205
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212259
AAA_collcode_hale84
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212259
Online Media:

Oral history interview with George Biddle, 1963

Interviewee:
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Interviewer:
Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington),, 1920-  Search this
Subject:
Bacon, Peggy  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Billings, Henry  Search this
Bruce, Edward  Search this
Cahill, Holger  Search this
Demuth, Charles  Search this
Evergood, Philip  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Robinson, Boardman  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Sterne, Maurice  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Weber, Max  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Art -- Censorship  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12696
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213269
AAA_collcode_biddle63
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213269

Thomas Nast letters, 1874-1896

Creator:
Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902  Search this
Subject:
Hart, Charles Henry  Search this
Moore, William A.  Search this
Topic:
Drawing -- Technique  Search this
Engraving -- Technique  Search this
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10318
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213520
AAA_collcode_nastthom
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213520

Jay P Kinney primers on drawing, 1890-1906

Creator:
Kinney, Jay P, b. 1875-1975  Search this
Topic:
Drawing -- Study and teaching -- United States  Search this
Drawing -- Technique  Search this
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6037
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)239315
AAA_collcode_kinnjay
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_239315

Gifford Beal sketches, sketchbooks, and papers, 1889-2001, bulk 1900-1954

Creator:
Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956  Search this
Subject:
Davies, Arthur B. (Arthur Bowen)  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Beal, Maud Ramsdell  Search this
Cox, Edward  Search this
Bruce, Edward  Search this
Watson, Forbes  Search this
Wortman, Denys  Search this
Hancock, Walker Kirtland  Search this
Pennell, Joseph  Search this
Rowan, Edward Beatty  Search this
Federal Art Project  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Travel diaries
Love letters
Drawings
Prints
Diaries
Paintings
Photographs
Topic:
Drawing -- Technique  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Pennsylvania -- Allentown  Search this
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
Audio - Visual  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10981
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214824
AAA_collcode_bealgiff
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214824
Online Media:

Leonard Bocour papers and business records, 1933-1993

Creator:
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Subject:
Bocour Artist Colors (Firm)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Diaries
Topic:
Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Paint industry and trade -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Drawing -- Technique  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Painting -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education  Search this
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6446
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215590
AAA_collcode_bocoleon
Theme:
Diaries
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215590
Online Media:

Minerva Chapman Self-Portrait

Artist:
Minerva Josephine Chapman, 1858 - 1947  Search this
Sitter:
Minerva Josephine Chapman, 1858 - 1947  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 31.6 × 24 cm (12 7/16 × 9 7/16")
Mat: 45.7 × 37.1 cm (18 × 14 5/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1906
Topic:
Self-portrait  Search this
Minerva Josephine Chapman: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Minerva Josephine Chapman: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; the Ruth Bowman and Harry Kahn Twentieth-Century American Self-Portrait Collection
Object number:
S/NPG.2002.226
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm431f8e053-d0a9-427f-82f3-8088a38ccdf6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2002.226

Drawing from nature / by Jim Arnosky

Author:
Arnosky, Jim  Search this
Physical description:
[64] p. : ill. ; 21 x 26 cm
Type:
Juvenile literature
Date:
1982
C1982
Topic:
Landscape drawing--Technique--Juvenile literature  Search this
Nature (Aesthetics)  Search this
Animals in art--Technique--Juvenile literature  Search this
Zoological illustration--Technique--Juvenile literature  Search this
Call number:
NC795.A7 1982X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_388402

70 instructions on how to make certain drawings Irene Siegel

Author:
Siegel, Irene  Search this
Author:
Smithsonian Libraries Artists' Books DSI  Search this
Visual Studies Workshop Press  Search this
Physical description:
70 leaves illustrations 14 x 21 cm
Type:
Books
Artists' books (books).)
Artists' books (books)
Artists' books
Place:
New York (State).)
New York (State)
Date:
1979
20th century
Topic:
Drawing--Technique  Search this
Livres d'artistes  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.S582 V8
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_120682

Sketching interior architecture by Norman Diekman and John Pile

Author:
Diekman, Norman 1939-  Search this
Author:
Pile, John F  Search this
Physical description:
173 pages illustrations (some color) 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
Topic:
Interior architecture in art  Search this
Drawing--Technique  Search this
Architekturzeichnung  Search this
Innenarchitektur  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architectural rendering  Search this
Drawing  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1111616

12 bigger monsters a portfolio of twelve larger than usual daily monster drawings by Stefan G. Bucher

Title:
Portfolio of twelve larger than usual daily monster drawings
Twelve bigger monsters
Illustrator:
Bucher, Stefan G.,  Search this
Author:
344 Design  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries Artists' Books DSI  Search this
Tobu Print Group  Search this
Photographer:
Jason Ware Imagery  Search this
Printer:
Typecraft Wood & Jones  Search this
Physical description:
12 unnumbered plates black and white illustrations 42 cm
Type:
Specimens
Artists' books (book)
Artists' books (books).)
Artists' books
Date:
2010
Topic:
Artists' books  Search this
Drawing--Technique  Search this
Monsters in art  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1041565

Andre Joseph Villard

Artist:
David Boudon, Swiss, born Geneva, Switzerland 1748-died 1816; last known residence Chillicothe  Search this
Sitter:
Andre Joseph Villard  Search this
Medium:
silverpoint and watercolor on paper
Dimensions:
sight 2 7/8 x 2 1/4 in. (7.3 x 5.7 cm) oval
Type:
Painting-Miniature
Date:
1810-1812
Topic:
Portrait male\bust  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Frederick W. Cron
Object number:
1961.9.1
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7837b3e21-f3df-4da0-b54d-eb957944fb9d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1961.9.1

Sketch of Egyptian Jackals

Artist:
Paul Manship, born St. Paul, MN 1885-died New York City 1966  Search this
Medium:
watercolor, gouache and pencil on paper
Dimensions:
sheet: 6 3/4 x 12 in. (17.1 x 30.6 cm)
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1924
Topic:
Study  Search this
Animal\jackal  Search this
Study\sculpture study  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Paul Manship
Object number:
1966.47.237
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk76a8e108d-c4fc-4afd-8221-d922922fd445
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1966.47.237

Paul Bransom papers

Creator:
Bransom, Paul, 1885-  Search this
Extent:
10.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Illustrated letters
Date:
1862-1985
Summary:
The papers of wildlife illustrator, painter, and cartoonist Paul Bransom measure 10.1 linear feet and date from 1862 to 1985. Almost half of the collection is comprised of Bransom's correspondence, which is particularly rich in documenting his early career as an illustrator, and his relationships with authors, art editors, and publishers from the 1900s to the 1940s. Correspondence also contains a wealth of cards, many of which bear reproductions or original artwork by his many artist friends. Also found in the papers are biographical essays, certificates and awards, memorabilia, writings and notes, business files, bibliographies, an artwork inventory, exhibition catalogs, clippings, printed illustrations, pamphlets, photographs, scrapbooks, and original artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of wildlife illustrator, painter, and cartoonist Paul Bransom measure 10.1 linear feet and date from 1862 to 1985. Almost half of the collection is comprised of personal and professional correspondence. Also found in the papers are biographical essays, certificates and awards, memorabilia, writings and notes, business files, bibliographies, an artwork inventory, exhibition catalogs, clippings, printed illustrations, pamphlets, photographs, scrapbooks, and original artwork.

The correspondence is particularly rich in documenting Bransom's early career as an illustrator, and his relationships with authors, art editors, and publishers from the 1900s to the 1940s. Correspondence also contains a wealth of cards, many of which bear reproductions or original artwork by his many artist friends. Correspondence often bears notes made by Bransom about the correspondent. Further documentation of Bransom's career is found in Notes and Writings, including narrative writings and lists of artwork and contacts; and in Personal Business Records, which contain records of transactions with various clients and galleries, as well as bibliographies of works illustrated by Bransom, and an art inventory created posthumously by Mario Cesar Romero.

Printed materials include exhibition records, which are often annotated, and copies of Bransom's illustrations and cartoons as they appeared in print. Also found are clippings about Bransom and other artists he knew; newsletters, pamphlets, and other materials related to organizations with which he was involved; and a copy of his book on animal drawing technique. Photographs depict Bransom, his childhood and family, homes and studios, friends, travels, and other events. Many of the photographs bear identifications by Bransom. The collection has a voluminous Artwork series, which includes two sketchbooks and hundreds of original sketches, drawings, and designs by Bransom, as well as a series of prints and original artwork by others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1862-1979 (Box 1, OV 12; 6 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1903-1984 (Box 1-5; 4.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, circa 1927-1973 (Box 5, OV 12; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1912-1981 (Box 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 5: Printed Materials, circa 1905-1985 (Boxes 6-7, OV 12; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1885-1976(Boxes 7-8, 10; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, circa 1880s-1970s(Boxes 8 and 11; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Artwork, 1903-1976 (Boxes 8-9, OV 13-22; 1.7 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Wildlife illustrator, painter, and cartoonist Paul Bransom was born in 1885 in Washington, D.C., and grew up sketching animals in his yard and at the National Zoo. He began work as a draftsman for the U.S. Patent Office at age 13, and went on to produce technical drawings for the Southern Railroad Co. and General Electric. He moved to New York City in 1903 and worked for the New York Evening Journal from 1904 to 1907, where he produced the comic "News from Bugville" and other cartoons. During this time, he befriended several New York artists in the cartoon trade, including James Swinnerton, Charles Sarka, T.S. Sullivant, Walt Kuhn, Rudy Dirks, and Gus Mager. He was a member of the Kit Kat Club and joined in their sketch classes and annual skelters. He sketched frequently at the New York Zoological Park, and was eventually invited by the director to use a room in the lion house as his studio. He married Grace Bond, an actress, in 1906.

Bransom's break as an illustrator came from art editor George Horace Lorimer of the Saturday Evening Post, who bought several of his drawings for Post covers around 1907. Bransom began illustrating animal stories regularly in magazines such as Delineator, Country Gentleman, An American Boy, Good Housekeeping, and Ladies Home Journal. In 1912, he illustrated a special edition Jack London's Call of the Wild, and soon after that, the first illustrated edition of The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame. During his career, Bransom illustrated 45 books and was a regular contributor to 35 magazines, illustrating works by popular writers such as Albert Payson Terhune, J. Frank Dobie, and Emma-Lindsay Squier. He also created animal scenes for advertisements.

In 1917, Bransom built a studio on Canada Lake, NY, in the Adirondacks and he and his wife split their time between the Canada Lake home and a winter apartment on 67th Street in New York City. In 1949, he bought a second summer home near Jackson Hole, Wyoming, in what is now the Grand Teton National Forest. In Wyoming, Bransom hosted artist friends and taught outdoor classes for the Teton Artists Associated until 1962, when his health forced him from the high altitudes back to Canada Lake, NY.

Bransom held his first solo exhibition in 1925 at Arden Gallery in New York City, and had at least 18 solo exhibitions around the country throughout his life, including at the Warren E. Cox Gallery (1929), Charles Scribner's Gallery (1935), the New York Zoological Park (1942), the Society of Illustrators (1942), the Denver Museum (1950), and the Woodmere Gallery in Philadelphia (1963). He often exhibited in the annual group exhibition of the Society of Animal Artists, a group he co-founded in 1960 and served as its second president, from 1968 until his death. Bransom was also a member of the American Watercolor Society, the American Artists' Professional League, the Salmagundi Club, the Dutch Treat Club, and the Boone and Crockett Club. In 1974 Bransom was granted an honorary Doctor of Art degree from Weber State College in Ogden, Utah. In 1975 he won the Benjamin West Clinedinst Memorial Medal for Distinguished Achievement in Painting.

Paul Bransom died in 1979 at the age of 94.
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art holds the Helen Ireland Hays papers related to Paul Bransom, which contains 36 audio cassette recordings of Hays interviewing Bransom, among other materials. The Special Collections Division of the Stewart Library at Weber State College in Ogden, Utah holds the Paul Bransom Collection, a collection containing artwork, books from Bransom's personal library, manuscript material and photographs donated by Bransom in 1972 and 1974.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of 17 items lent for microfilming (reel D254). Some of this material was later donated to the Archives, portions of which were then transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum/National Portrait Gallery Library and are available in their vertical file on Bransom. Loaned material is not described in this finding aid.
Provenance:
The material on reel D254 was lent for microfilming in 1966, portions of which were subsequently donated along with additional papers by Bransom between 1972 and 1975, and by his nephew's wife, Althea Bond, in 1980. Mario Cesar Romero, identified by an AAA collector as the "Curator of the Bransom collection" and creator of an inventory of Bransom's artwork, donated additional materials to the Archives in 1983 and 1986, including printed materials, photographs, correspondence, records from the artwork inventory project, and scrapbooks. In 1985, James Zayicek donated 11 sketches and eight greeting cards via Helen Ireland Hays, a writer and a noted friend of Bransom's.
Restrictions:
The bulk of the collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Animals in art  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Animal painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Illustrated letters
Citation:
Paul Bransom papers, 1862-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.branpaul
See more items in:
Paul Bransom papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94fa5ed99-03a5-4b29-af69-6e1ffb4c704f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-branpaul
Online Media:

Leonard Bocour papers and business records

Creator:
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Names:
Bocour Artist Colors (Firm)  Search this
Extent:
11.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Diaries
Date:
1933-1993
Summary:
The papers of American art collector, paint manufacturer, lecturer, and painter, Leonard Bocour measure 11.8 linear feet and date from 1933 to 1993. Found within the papers are biographical material; miscellaneous correspondence with artists and colleagues, including Helen Frankenthaler, Chaim Gross, Philip Guston, Alex Katz, Jack Levine, Morris Louis, David Oxtoby, and Philip Pearlstein; diaries, daily calendars, notes and writings; personal business records and the business records of Bocour Artist Colors, Inc.; transcripts of interviews with Bocour; and printed material.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of American art collector, paint manufacturer, lecturer, and painter, Leonard Bocour measure 11.8 linear feet and date from 1933 to 1993. Found within the papers is biographical material, including identity cards, membership cards, and award certificates. Miscellaneous correspondence is primarily with artists and colleagues, including Helen Frankenthaler, Chaim Gross, Philip Guston, Alex Katz, Jack Levine, Morris Louis, David Oxtoby, and Philip Pearlstein and discuss exhibitions and other art-related topics. Also found are diaries and annotated daily calendars; personal business records regarding personal finances, donations, and lectures; business records for Bocour Artist Colors, Inc., including contracts, business correspondence, financial documentation, and printed material; notes and writings including address books and writings by Bocour and others; transcripts of interviews with Bocour that discuss his early career; and printed material including clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, booklets, and brochures.
Arrangement:
The collection has been arranged into eight series primarily according to type of material. Materials within each series have been arranged chronologically, except for the Receipts for "Private Deals" and the Business Card File which are arranged alphabetically. Oversized material from various series has been housed in Box 13 and OV 14 and is noted in the Series Description/Container Listings Section at the appropriate folder title.

Missing Title

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1940s-1990s (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 2: Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1950s-1990s (Box 1-4, 13, OV 14; 3.8 linear feet)

Series 3: Diaries and Annotated Calendars, 1955-1987 (Box 4-5; 19 folders)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1961-1992 (Box 5-7, 13; 2.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Business Records for Bocour Artist Colors, Inc., circa 1942-1992 (Box 7-9, 13; 2.3 linear feet)

Series 6: Notes and Writings, 1960-1993, undated (Box 9-10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Interview Transcripts, 1970s-1980s (Box 10; 5 folders)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1933-1993, undated (Box 10-13; 1.8 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
American art collector, paint manufacturer, lecturer, and painter, Leonard Bocour (nèe Leonard Bogdanoff) was born in 1910 in New York City. He studied at the National Academy of Design and at the Art Students League. In 1928, he met German artist Emil Ganso who taught him how to make artists' colors.

In 1932, Bocour established Bocour Hand Ground Artist Colors and sold paint directly to artists, greatly increasing his contacts and acquaintances in the art community. In this Depression era, Bocour often gave away paint to struggling artists who later became successful. Because artists would sometimes trade art work for tubes of paint, Bocour was able to build an impressive art collection that he would later loan for exhibition. He also donated numerous works of art to schools and museums.

Over the years, Bocour maintained a close relationship with artists, most notably Helen Frankenthaler, Philip Guston, Jack Levine, Morris Louis, and Philip Pearlstein. In the late 1930s, Bocour decided to increase his business by selling through retailers and wholesalers, gradually building a successful business.

From 1945 to 1955, Bocour joined the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine and for many years taught a summer technical course. In 1947, he developed Magna, an acrylic resin miscible with oil or turpentine that had the same consistency as oil paint, but dried in a fraction of the time. In 1960, Bocour introduced Aqua-Tec which is an acrylic polymer emulsion miscible with water.

From 1952 to 1970, Samuel Golden was Bocour's partner in the capacity of production manager. A merger with Zipatone, Inc. was carried out in 1982, but was dissolved in 1987. Zipatone, Inc. moved the company to Chicago, but Bocour remained in New York as president and consultant.

Beginning in the early 1960s, Bocour lectured at art schools and various arts organizations, discussing drawing, painting, and different art media as well as demonstrating his own products. He was a member of the National Art Materials Trade Association (NAMTA) and was president of the Art Material Manufacturers' Association, inducted into its Hall of Fame in 1974. Leonard Bocour died on Labor Day 1993.
Related Material:
Additional Leonard Bocour papers may be found at the Syracuse University Library, Special Collections Research Center.
Provenance:
The Leonard Bocour papers and business records were donated by his widow, Ruth Bocour, in 1994.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Paint industry and trade -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Drawing -- Technique  Search this
Painting -- Technique  Search this
Painting -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Diaries
Citation:
Leonard Bocour papers and business records, 1933-1993. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bocoleon
See more items in:
Leonard Bocour papers and business records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ded7b721-76fa-44e2-bf0f-1cbaaf079c25
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bocoleon

Press Releases

Collection Creator:
Woman's Building (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
Container:
Box 10, Folder 50
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1985-1987
Collection Citation:
Woman's Building records, 1970-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Woman's Building records
Woman's Building records / Series 2: Education Programs / 2.1: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90cd41293-1f32-474b-91a9-c26f0f1a79c3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-womabuil-ref483
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Oral history interview with George Biddle

Interviewee:
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Interviewer:
Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington), 1920-  Search this
Creator:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Names:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Billings, Henry, 1901-  Search this
Bruce, Edward, 1879-1943  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Demuth, Charles, 1883-1935  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Grosz, George, 1893-1959  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente, 1883-1949  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Robinson, Boardman, 1876-1952  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino, 1899-  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
261 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1963
Scope and Contents:
An interview of George Biddle conducted in 1963, by Harlan Phillips, for the Archives of American Art.
Biddle speaks of his background in Philadelphia; his Harvard education in preparation for a law career; literary acquaintances; travel; the beginning of his art career; his preoccupation with portraiture; his tragic and pleasant works; the importance of mood; his drawing techniques; drawing from nature; color experimentation; Stieglitz's circle; the susceptibility of artists to change during the 1930s; his involvement with the Public Works of Art Project; government censorship of his murals; his involvement with artists overseas during World War II; and his aesthetic philosophy. He recalls Max Weber, Maurice Sterne, George Grosz, William Zorach, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Peggy Bacon, Marsden Hartley, Charles Demuth, Edith Halpert, Boardman Robinson, Reginald Marsh, Thomas Hart Benton, Henry Billings, Ned Bruce, Holger Cahill, Philip Evergood, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Siqueiros, and Rufino Tamayo.
Biographical / Historical:
George Biddle (1885-1973) was a painter and sculptor, in Croton-on-Hudson, New York.
General:
Originally recorded 3 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 9 digital wav files. Duration is 13 hr., 56 min.
Provenance:
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Topic:
Art -- Censorship  Search this
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.biddle63
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bb4fdb2d-29ab-4c56-bcef-655c27a0afb8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-biddle63
Online Media:

Serra, Richard, Fabrication

Collection Creator:
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 52, Folder 85
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1986-1992
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in OV 240.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leo Castelli Gallery records
Leo Castelli Gallery records / Series 3: Exhibition Files / 3.5: Solo Shows
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9e7c85b96-961c-4b70-99e5-f739d19f14d9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-leocast-ref10110
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Serra, Richard, Fabrication digital asset number 1

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