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James Means Collection

Topic:
Aeronautical Annuals (annual)
Creator:
Means, James, 1853-1920  Search this
Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Aero Club of America  Search this
Aero Club of Washington  Search this
Aeronautic Society of New York  Search this
United States. Army. Signal Corps  Search this
Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Lilienthal, Otto  Search this
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924  Search this
Maxim, Hiram S., 1840-1916  Search this
Means, James, 1853-1920  Search this
Zahm, Albert Francis, 1862-  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Cubic feet ((4 legal document boxes))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Publications
Photographs
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Date:
1892-1913
bulk 1895-1897
Summary:
James Means (1855-1920) was an American industrialist who sacrificed his business to devote himself to the promotion of aviation. The collection consists of correspondence, publications, photographs, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of correspondence and scrapbooks. The correspondence is arranged into 15 sub-series: Aerial Experiment Association, Aero Club of America, Aero Club of Washington, Aeronautic Society of New York, Aeronautical Annuals, Octave Chanute and his daughters, Glenn Curtiss, House Resolution #7653, Ernest Jones, Otto Lilienthal, Henry Cabot Lodge, Hiram Maxim, Technical Matters, U.S. Signal Corps, and Albert Zahm. Of the three scrapbooks, one is a photograph album containing early glider photos and travel postcards. The second contains photos and news clippings regarding aviation in the 1890's, especially the work of Langley and Maxim with kites, balloons, and aerial bicycles. Clippings are in English, French, Spanish, Italian, German and Dutch. The third scrapbook is labeled 'James Means 1892' and consists of photos, letters, manuscripts, clippings in English and German, copies of legislation, and book excerpts.

Note: The digital images shown for this collection were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product which did not reproduce all materials found in this collection; some items have not been scanned.
Arrangement:
The James Means Collection is arranged by content type.
Biographical / Historical:
James Means (1855-1920) was an American industrialist who sacrificed his business to devote himself to the promotion of aviation. Determined to disseminate information on flying, he collected and edited the most significant works of Otto Lilienthal, Octave Chanute, Samuel Langley and others, producing the 'Aeronautical Annuals' which appeared in 3 volumes in 1895, 1896 and 1897. Dr. Means studied bird-flight, kites and gliders, and designed model gliders in the early 1890s. He was awarded patents for his aircraft smoke signal device (1909), his aircraft launcher (1909), and his simplified control column for airplanes (1909-1911).
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
James H. Means, gift, unknown, XXXX-0394, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- pre-1903  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airships  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Kites  Search this
Gliding and soaring  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Publications
Photographs
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Citation:
James Means Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0394, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0394
See more items in:
James Means Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0394
Online Media:

Roger B. Whitman Early Aviation Photograph Collection

Creator:
Whitman, Roger B.  Search this
Names:
Blériot, Louis, 1872-1936  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Farman, Henry  Search this
Latham, Hubert  Search this
Paulhan, Louis  Search this
Whitman, Roger B.  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet ((7 folders))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1909-1911
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 163 photographs, collected by Whitman, covering early aviation activities in predominantly the United States and France. Aircraft manufacturers represented include: Wright, Curtiss, Bell, Bleriot, Antoinette, Deperdussin, Farman, Voisin, and other American, French, and British designers of the period 1909-1911. The following events are represented: 1909, 1910 Grande Semaines d'Aviation, 1910 Quinzaine de la Baie de la Seine, 1909 meet at Blackpool England and the 1910 meets at Belmont Part Long Island, Nice and other locations. Flights represented include: Bleriot's Channel flight, Latham's flight over San Francisco and flights in and around New York and Paris. Aviators represented include: the Wright Brothers, Henry Farman, Louis Bleriot, Hubert Latham, Glenn Curtiss, Louis Paulhan, and other French and American pilots.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The Roger B. Whitman Early Aviation Photograph Collection is arranged in its original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Roger B. Whitman was a prominent photographer who maintained a lifetime love of aviation. During World War I he was in the Air Service and established the first school of aerial photography. Whitman was later the Associate Editor of the American 'Country Life.'
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Herbert S. Whitman, Gift, 1979, XXXX-0517, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Bell Aircraft Family  Search this
Bleriot Aircraft Family  Search this
Curtiss, General, Aircraft  Search this
Antoinette Aircraft Family  Search this
Voisin Aircraft Family  Search this
Deperdussin Aircraft Family  Search this
Aeronautics -- France  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Roger B. Whitman Early Aviation Photograph Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0517, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0517
See more items in:
Roger B. Whitman Early Aviation Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0517
Online Media:

Glenn Curtiss Early Aviation Photography Collection

Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Gordon-Bennett Trophy Race  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (4 folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postcards
Photographs
Date:
bulk 1904-1920
Summary:
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (1878-1930) is best known as an aviation pioneer and inventor and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. This collection consists of fifty-four images, predominantly photographs printed as postcards. The postcard images feature subjects relating to Glenn Curtiss and his aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of fifty-four images, predominantly photographs printed as postcards. The postcard images feature the following subjects relating to Glenn Curtiss and his aviation career: early Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) and Curtiss aircraft predominantly at Hammondsport, New York (H. M. Benner photographs) but also elsewhere (including one image of flight at Atlantic City dated 1920); International Air Meet (Los Angeles, 1910); US Army airship Signal Corps No. 1 (Baldwin); Gordon Bennett Aviation Trophy; ice boats on Lake Keuka, Curtiss "wind-wagon;" Curtiss motorcycles (with G. H. C. team); Glenn Curtiss with others (including Mrs. Curtiss, Louis Paulhan); group photographs which probably show Curtiss employees; and informal Curtiss family photographs.

All images have received minimal subject headings, but only some have had additional captions added.

Note: The digital images in this finding aid were repurposed from scans made by an outside contractor for a commercial product and may show irregular cropping and orientation in addition to color variations resulting from damage to and deterioration of the original objects.
Arrangement:
The fifty-four photographs have been assigned "7A" image numbers. They are arranged in numerical order (some images were assigned multiple numbers). Some photographs are in sleeves that hold two images.
Biographical / Historical:
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (1878-1930) is best known as an aviation pioneer and inventor and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. Initially a bicycle repairman and designer, by 1902 Curtiss had begun to manufacture motorcycles using a lightweight internal combustion engine of his own design and founded the Curtiss Manufacturing Co. By 1904, Curtiss' engine had been co-opted by Thomas Baldwin for his airship experiments. This activity led to a connection between Curtiss and Alexander Graham Bell and, in 1907, to the foundation of the Aerial Experiment Association. In 1909, Curtiss joined with Augustus M. Herring to form the Herring-Curtiss Co to manufacture powered vehicles, but Herring's unsubstantiated claims to priority over the Wright Brother's aeronautical patents led to the Wright and Curtiss patent suits which continued until the merger of Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor with Wright Aeronautical in 1929. Curtiss and Herring split after the Wright's filed suit and Herring sued Curtiss, claiming that Curtiss had failed to turn his air race winnings over to the company. Despite these, and other, suits, Curtiss continued to advance the cause and technology of aviation, founding the first public flying school (1910) and later a chain of schools across the US, inventing the aileron (1909), the dual-control trainer (1911) and the hydroaeroplane (1911). In 1920, Curtiss retired from active aviation pursuits.
Provenance:
Unknown - found in collection, Unknown, Unknown, NASM.XXXX.0682.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Curtiss, General, Aircraft  Search this
Motorcycles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Photographs
Citation:
Glenn Curtiss Early Aviation Photography Collection, Acc. XXXX.0682, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0682
See more items in:
Glenn Curtiss Early Aviation Photography Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0682
Online Media:

Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion [Henri Fabre] Manuscript

Creator:
Fabre, Henri.  Search this
Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Paulhan, Louis  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1966
Summary:
Henri Fabre was an engineer trained at l'Ecole Supérieure d'Electricité who made the first seaplane flight in 1910 in an aircraft he designed and built. This collection consists of a manuscript, entitled Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion, by Henri Fabre that contains Fabre's account of flights he made in his seaplanes between 1906 and 1910 as well as information about other seaplanes and flights made in them by other pilots through 1911.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a manuscript, entitled Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion, by Henri Fabre. The manuscript is 59 pages long, plus a title page with a preface on the reverse, and is bound inside a glossy cardstock cover with plastic spiral binding. The manuscript is dated March 30, 1966 and is marked No. 16 on the reverse of the last page. Inside the front cover there is a lengthy inscription, in French, from Henri Fabre to the Smithsonian, dated June 2, 1966. The manuscript contains Fabre's account of flights he made in his seaplanes between 1906 and 1910 as well as information about other seaplanes and flights made in them by other pilots through 1911. Most pages are copies of handwritten text and photographs but some pages contain original handwriting. Depicted in the photographs are various aircraft as well as pilots including Fabre, Louis Paulhan, and Glenn Hammond Curtiss. Each page of the manuscript has been translated by an unidentified person and these translations, marked by page number, are included in the collection.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
Henri Fabre was an engineer trained at l'Ecole Supérieure d'Electricité who made the first seaplane flight in 1910 in an aircraft he designed and built. Henri Fabre began experimenting with seaplane design in 1906 and patented a system of hollow, wooden floats. After several failed attempts, Fabre succeeded on March 28, 1910 with the 1910 Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane), powered by a Gnome 50 h.p. engine and using the flotation devices he had patented earlier, and made four successful flights and landings from the water on the Étang de Berre. This aircraft was later piloted by Louis Paulhan. Glenn Hammond Curtiss and Gabriél Voisin both used Fabre's floats in their own aircraft. The 1910 seaplane was wrecked in May of that year with Fabre, who was unhurt in the crash, at the controls. Fabre introduced a new version of the Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane) in Monaco in 1911 but it was wrecked there during a series of aquatic races. Fabre subsequently set up a company that supplied his floats to various aircraft manufacturers and also manufactured seaplanes during World War I.
Provenance:
Henri Fabre, Gift, 1966, NASM.XXXX.0933
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Seaplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Fabre 1911 Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane)  Search this
Fabre 1910 Goeland (Gull) (Canard Seaplane)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Premier Naufrage D'Un Hydravion [Henri Fabre] Manuscript, NASM.XXXX.0933, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0933
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0933

Charles F. Willard Biographical Material

Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Newspaper clippings
Date:
1909-1977
Summary:
This material relates to the aviation career of Charles F. Willard.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of newspaper articles, correspondence, the publication by Martin Cole and H. L. Schreiner entitled, "Charles Willard: The Exhibition Years," and three photos related to Charles Willard's aviation career.
Arrangement:
No arrangement; just one folder.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles F. Willard (1883-1977) was a pioneer aviator taught to fly by Glenn Curtiss in 1909. Willard participated in the 1910 Dominguez Air Meet, where he won the spot landing award. Among his flying accomplishments was that he was the first to fly in Vermont After his exhibition flying career ended in 1911, he remained involved in aviation as an engineer. He worked for a number of aviation companies, including Wright-Martin Aircraft Aircraft Co; Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co; LWF Engineering Co; and the Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company. He was a founder member of the Early Birds.
Provenance:
Byron Walls, Gift, 2018, NASM.2018.0014
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Charles F. Willard Biographical Material, NASM.2018.0014, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2018.0014
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2018-0014

Glenn Hammond Curtiss Photographs [Lawrence]

Creator:
Deike, Ruth  Search this
Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1910
Summary:
On August 31, 1910, Glenn Hammond Curtiss set a record for flight over water by flying from Euclid Beach, Cleveland, Ohio to the Cedar Point resort in Sandusky, Ohio in an hour and fifteen minutes in his Curtiss Hudson Flyer. This collection consists of eight photographs of Glenn Hammond Curtiss flying into Cedar Point resort on that day.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of eight photographs of Glenn Hammond Curtiss flying into Cedar Point resort, Sandusky, Ohio on August 31, 1910. The photos, believed to be taken by Ruth Deike, show Curtiss in the air in his Curtiss Hudson Flyer; Curtiss at the controls with a bicycle inner tube wrapped around him as a life preserver; views of the aircraft on the ground; and some close-up candid shots of Curtiss after he has exited the aircraft. The photographs are black and white and vary in size from approximately 1.5 by 2.75 inches up to approximately 3.5 by 3.5 inches and are borderless, having been trimmed by hand. The photos have been pasted onto black card stock mounts (possibly cut from a larger scrapbook page) with two of the photographs on one and the remaining six on another. One of the pages is labeled in white pencil with "Glen Curtis [sic]" and the slightly incorrect date of Sept. 1910.
Arrangement:
Collection is in original order.
Biographical / Historical:
On August 31, 1910, Glenn Hammond Curtiss set a record for flight over water by flying from Euclid Beach, Cleveland, Ohio to the Cedar Point resort in Sandusky, Ohio in an hour and fifteen minutes in his Curtiss Hudson Flyer. Cedar Point manager George Boeckling had offered a prize of $15,000 for an aviator to fly there, and Curtiss was the one to complete the challenge. When Curtiss landed that afternoon, he was greeted by Boeckling and thousands of spectators. Curtiss returned to Cleveland via the same route the following day. Ruth Deike was on hand at Cedar Point to witness Curtiss' historic flight.
Provenance:
Watts Lawrence, Gift, 2016, NASM.2016.0015
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Curtiss Hudson Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Glenn Hammond Curtiss Photographs [Lawrence], NASM.2016.0015, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0015
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0015
Online Media:

Glenn Hammond Curtiss (1878-1930) and Albert Francis Zahm (1862-1954)

Creator:
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Subject:
Zahm, Albert Francis 1862-  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints; 4 x 5;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Place:
Hammondsport (N.Y.)
Date:
1914
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27F_156]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
No Copyright - United States
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_404363
Online Media:

Modified Langley Aerodrome

Creator:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Physical description:
5 x 7;
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1914
June 2, 1914
Topic:
Aircraft  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU000095 [SIA_000095_B27C_132]
Restrictions & Rights:
No access restrictions. Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at osiaref@si.edu
Copyright Undetermined
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_403980
Online Media:

The Relations Between the Smithsonian Institution and the Wright Brothers

Author:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Subject:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur 1867-1912  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Physical description:
Number of pages : 27; Page numbers : 1-27
Date:
September 29, 1928
Topic:
Inventions  Search this
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Wright Brothers  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Langley Medal  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Awards  Search this
Medals  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, DC : Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_11222

The 1914 Tests of the Langley "Aerodrome"

Author:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Edition:
Eighth edition
Date:
1942
Topic:
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2907

1914 Tests of the Langley "Aerodrome"

Author:
Abbot, C. G (Charles Greeley) b. 1872  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Wright, Orville 1871-1948  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 111-118
Date:
1943
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Inventions  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Langley Aerodrome  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Tests  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Wright Flyer (Airplane)  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_2908

First Man-Carrying Aeroplane Capable of Sustained Free Flight-- Langley's Success as a Pioneer in Aviation

Author:
Zahm, A. F  Search this
Subject:
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Physical description:
pp. 217-222
Topic:
Biography  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Publisher:
Washington, D.C
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_3630

Curtiss & Eiffel Awarded Langley Medal

Subject:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Eiffel, Gustave 1832-1923  Search this
Samuel P. Langley Gold Medal for Aerodromics  Search this
Date:
1913
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Awards  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_203

Rehabilitation of Langley Aerodrome Finished

Subject:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927  Search this
Date:
May 28, 1914
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Controversies  Search this
Science--Experiments  Search this
Langley-Wright Controversy  Search this
Research  Search this
Secretaries  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_451

Langley Experiments Scrapbooks

Creator:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1914-1915
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two scrapbooks kept by Glenn H. Curtiss and filled with photographs of himself and Samuel Langley. The photos show the two men and their experiments with Langley's aircraft, the Langley Aerodrome. The trial flights were conducted on Lake Kewka, near Hammondsport, NY. Each photo is labeled with a caption and a date. The second (chronologically) book of the set is a continuation of the photos of the Langley experiments by Glenn H. Curtiss, and while the photos are numbered, they have no captions or labeling on them. Some dates are available on the photos. Curtiss' autograph appears inside the cover of one scrapbook.
Biographical / Historical:
Nine days before the Wright brothers' first successful flight, Smithsonian Secretary Samuel Langley had the trial for his steam-powered machine, called the Great Aerodrome. Heavily funded by the United States government, the Aerodrome broke apart almost immediately upon takeoff in a highly-publicized event, and Langley and the Smithsonian Institution suffered embarrassment over the incident. After Langley passed away in 1906, his successor, Charles Walcott, claimed that although Langley may not have flown that December morning the Aerodrome was certainly capable of it. Walcott's "proof" was in a rebuilt version of Langley's Aerodrome, which was later successfully flown by American airplane manufacturer Glenn Curtiss. Curtiss, who was engaged in a patent suit with the Wright brothers, rebuilt and flew Langley's Aerodrome with 1914 modifications with the hope of showing the courts that the Wrights did not invent the airplane. While Curtiss eventually lost the patent suit, the flight was used by the Smithsonian to redeem Langley's role in the history of flight.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Glenn H. Curtiss, gift, unknown, XXXX-0294, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Family  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A (Great Aerodrome, Man-Carrying Aerodrome)  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A, Curtiss 1914 Rebuild  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0294
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0294

Charles M. Manly Papers

Creator:
Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927  Search this
Names:
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Lahm, Frank Purdy, 1877-1963  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927  Search this
Myers, Carl, 1842-1925  Search this
Post, Augustus  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Extent:
0.9 Cubic feet (2 legal document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Publications
Correspondence
Programs
Clippings
Notebooks
Date:
1895-1925
bulk 1903-1915
Summary:
This collection consists of material relating to Manly's aeronautical career, specifically his work with Samuel Langley's Aerodrome. The material consists of programs, publications, newspaper clippings, work notebooks, waste books, (mostly letterpress) and correspondence between Manly and the aviation and Smithsonian communities, circa 1885-1925. Correspondents include the following personalities: Glenn Curtiss, Carl Myers, Charles Walcott, Frank Lahm, Cyrus Adler, Augustus Post, and Samuel Langley.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to Manly's aeronautical career, specifically his work with Samuel Langley's Aerodrome. The material consists of programs, publications, newspaper clippings, work notebooks, waste books, (mostly letterpress) and correspondence between Manly and the aviation and Smithsonian communities, circa 1885-1925. Correspondents include Samuel Langley, Charles Walcott and Richard Rathbun of the Smithsonian; Cyrus Adler, Glenn Curtiss, Benjamin D. Foulois, Carl Myers, Frank Lahm, and Augustus Post. Of particular interest is the correspondence between Manly and Smithsonian Secretary Charles Walcott on Manly's work on the preparation of the Langley Memoir on Mechanical Flight for publication between 1908 to 1911; and his correspondence with Glenn Curtiss concerning the test flights of the rebuilt Great Aerodrome on Lake Keuka, Hammondsport, New York, in 1914, and the resulting controversy between the Smithsonian and Orville Wright.

Researchers may also wish to consult the National Air and Space Archives Division's Samuel P. Langley Collection (Accession No. XXXX-0494), and these collections held by the Smithsonian Institution Archives:

Record Unit 31, Office of the Secretary, Correspondence, 1866-1906, with related records to 1927.

Record Unit 34, Office of the Secretary, Correspondence, 1887-1907

Record Unit 7268, J. Elfreth Watkins Collection, 1869, 1881-1903, 1953, 1966 and undated.
Arrangement:
The Charles M. Manly Papers are organized in three series:

Series I --Letter Copy Books and Notebooks

Letter copy books were used to make and preserve copies of letters and memoranda --one placed a sheet of oiled paper under a page of the copy book, dampened the tissue copy page, then laid the original letter in the book under pressure for a few seconds. The quality of the copies ranges from quite readable to very faint. Because of the fragility of the paper, Archives Division staff should be consulted before working with the material.

The two notebooks in the series (Folder 4) were carried by Manly in his day to day work on the Aerodrome project and contain his notes on the progress of the work.

Series II --Correspondence

Letters in this series are arranged by year.

Series III --Additional Material

Newspaper clippings, Manly Family records, a photograph of Langley's Aerodrome No.5 in flight, and miscellaneous material.
Biographical/Historical note:
On May 9, 1898, Smithsonian Secretary Samuel P. Langley wrote to Professor Robert Thurston of Cornell University, looking for a "young man who is morally trustworthy ('a good fellow') with some gumption and a professional training" to serve as Langley's assistant in his aeronautical work. Thurston recommended a senior majoring in electrical and mechanical engineering, Charles Matthews Manly (1876-1927) of Staunton, Virginia. Langley hired Manly and placed him in charge of the construction of his Great Aerodrome, the large manned aircraft being built under the sponsorship of the Army's Board of Ordnance and Fortification. One of Manly's main contributions to the project was his vastly improved redesign of Stephen M. Balzer's five-cylinder water-cooled radial gasoline engine. Manly piloted the Great Aerodrome on its two unsuccessful launch attempts in 1903. He resigned from the Smithsonian in 1905. Manly served as a consulting aviation engineer for different government agencies and corporations, including the British War Office, 1915; the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Corporation 1915-1919 (from 1919-1920 as the assistant general manger); and as a member of the US Commission to the International Aircraft Conference, London, 1918. Manly also completed and edited Langley's Memoir on Mechanical Flight which was published by the Smithsonian in 1911. Manly was granted over fifty 50 patents relating to automotive transportation, power generation, and transmission. In 1929, Manly was posthumously awarded the Langley Medal for outstanding aeronautical achievements.
Provenance:
Brian Bailey, gift, 1998, 1999-0004, deed pending.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Test pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Correspondence
Programs
Clippings
Notebooks
Citation:
Charles M. Manly Papers, Acc. 1999-0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsoinan Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1999.0004
See more items in:
Charles M. Manly Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1999-0004
Online Media:

Victor Vernon Scrapbooks

Creator:
Vernon, Victor  Search this
Names:
American Airlines  Search this
Colonial Airlines  Search this
Curtiss Flying School  Search this
Oregon-Washington-Idaho Airplane Company  Search this
Acosta, Bert  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Mitchell, William, 1879-1936  Search this
Smith, C. R.  Search this
Vernon, Victor  Search this
Extent:
0.71 Cubic feet (2 flatboxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Correspondence
Date:
1903-1948
bulk 1915-1920
Summary:
Victor Vernon was an aviation pioneer, flight instructor, U. S. Navy aviator, and airline executive. This collection consists of three scrapbooks that chronicle Vernon's aviation career.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of three scrapbooks that chronicle Victor Vernon's aviation career and include numerous photographs, with an emphasis on Curtiss flying boats, the Curtiss Model H America, the Curtiss rebuilt Langley Aerodrome, and Curtiss tractor type aircraft. Besides the photographs, the scrapbooks contain many newspaper clippings covering Vernon's involvement with Curtiss, and his association with the Oregon-Washington-Idaho Airplane Company, as well as correspondence with William (Billy) Mitchel, Glenn Curtiss, and C.R. Smith. Miscellaneous items include route charts, correspondence, and photographs relating to Colonial Airlines and American Airlines, photographs of Bert Acosta and Vernon's naval aviator certificates. There is also material relating to Vernon's hydroaeroplane.
Arrangement:
Scrapbooks are in original order, additional material is arranged by type.
Biographical / Historical:
Victor Vernon was an aviation pioneer who began his career on Curtiss flying boats. In 1915 Vernon went to Toronto, Canada with the Curtiss School to teach Canadian pilots. During World War I, Vernon served with the U. S. Navy as an aviator and test pilot for the Naval Aircraft Factory. From 1919-1920, Vernon was instrumental in forming the Oregon-Washington-Idaho Airplane Company. In 1930 Vernon joined Colonial Airlines, a division of American Airways. He remained with American Airlines as Personnel Director and Assistant to the President until his retirement in 1948.
Provenance:
Victor Vernon, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0221.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Curtiss Model H "America" (H-1)  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A, Curtiss 1914 Rebuild  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Correspondence
Citation:
Victor Vernon Scrapbooks, NASM.XXXX.0221, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0221
See more items in:
Victor Vernon Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0221
Online Media:

Theodore G. Ellyson Correspondence

Creator:
Ellyson, Theodore Gordon, 1885-1928  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Ellyson, Theodore Gordon, 1885-1928  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1911-1914
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of copies of letters written between Ellyson and others concerning then-Lieutenant Ellyson's aviation experiments of 1911-1914. Many of the letters are directed to Captain Washington I. Chambers and include monthly progress reports and travel and expense statements.
Biographical / Historical:
Theodore G. 'Spuds' Ellyson (1885-1928), Glenn Curtiss' first seaplane pupil, became the first United States Naval Aviator. Ellyson flew the first night flight by a naval seaplane (the Curtiss A-1) and the first successful catapult launch from an anchored barge. Commander Ellyson made many significant contributions in naval aviation before his death in 1928, in an airplane crash off Hampton Roads, Virginia.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, unknown, unknown, XXXX-0615, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Seaplanes  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Curtiss A-1 (AH-1) Type  Search this
Naval aviation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0615
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0615

Glenn H. Curtiss Collection

Creator:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Herring-Curtiss Co.  Search this
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Herring, Augustus Moore, 1867-1926  Search this
Extent:
2.7 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Financial records
Date:
1905-1931
bulk 1911-1930
Summary:
This collection consists of documents and memorabilia relating to Curtiss during the years of his active aviation pursuits. The bulk of the material relates to patent suits, including Wright v. Curtiss, Herring v. Curtiss, and Curtiss v. Janin.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the personal papers of Glenn H. Curtiss. These papers relate to his career as an aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturing business owner. This collection also includes a small amount of personal correspondence. Moreover, materials pertaining to patents filed by Curtiss and the Wright brothers, as well as legal documents and testimony, are found in this collection.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Professional materials

Subseries 1.1: Corporate correspondence

Subseries 1.2: Personal correspondence

Subseries 1.3: Miscellaneous corporate materials

Subseries 1.4: Patent materials

Subseries 1.5: Reports

Subseries 1.6: Photographs

Subseries 1.7: Menus, programs and tributes

Subseries 1.8: Books, journals, newsletters, and miscellaneous materials

Subseries 1.9: Newspaper clippings and articles

Series 2: Legal materials

Subseries 2.1: Curtiss versus Herring

Subseries 2.2: Curtiss versus Wright Brothers

Subseries 2.3: Lena P. Curtiss versus Herring
Biographical/Historical note:
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (1878-1930) is best known as an aviation pioneer and inventor and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. Initially a bicycle repairman and designer, by 1902 Curtiss had begun to manufacture motorcycles using a lightweight internal combustion engine of his own design and founded the Curtiss Manufacturing Co. By 1904 Curtiss' engine had been co-opted by Thomas Baldwin for his airship experiments. This activity led to a connection between Curtiss and Alexander Graham Bell and, in 1907, to the foundation of the Aerial Experiment Association. In 1909 Curtiss joined with Augustus M. Herring to form the Herring-Curtiss Co to manufacture powered vehicles, but Herring's unsubstantiated claims to priority over the Wright Brother's aeronautical patents led to the Wright and Curtiss patent suits which continued until the merger of Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor with Wright Aeronautical in 1929. Curtiss and Herring split after the Wright's filed suit and Herring sued Curtiss, claiming that Curtiss had failed to turn his air race winnings over to the company. Despite these, and other, suits, Curtiss continued to advance the cause and technology of aviation, founding the first public flying school (1910) and later a chain of schools across the US, inventing the aileron (1909), the dual-control trainer (1911) and the hydroaeroplane (1911). In 1920 Curtiss retired from active aviation pursuits. After Curtiss died, his wife continued the legal fight on her husband's behalf until a judge decided in Herring's favor (1931).
Provenance:
Glenn H. Curtiss, Jr., gift, 1963, XXXX-0053
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Patent suits  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Financial records
Citation:
Glenn H. Curtiss Collection, Acc. XXXX-0053, National Air & Space Museum, Smithsonian Inst.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0053
See more items in:
Glenn H. Curtiss Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0053
Online Media:

Professional materials

Collection Creator:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
This series contains correspondence, miscellaneous corporate materials, reports, photographs, menus, programs, tributes, books, journals, newsletters, newspaper clippings, patent materials and a scrapbook. Correspondence, miscellaneous corporate and non-corporate materials, reports, menus, programs, tributes, and legal documents are organized chronologically. Journals, newspaper clippings, newsletters and articles are arranged by title of publication. Photographs are grouped by subject and then chronologically. Patent materials are organized into two groups: patent applications filed and issued to Curtiss and those filed by and issued to the Wright brothers.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged into subseries:

1) Corporate Correspondence

2) Personal Correspondence

3) Miscellaneous Corporate Materials

4) Patent Materials

5) Reports

6) Photographs

7) Menus, Programs and Tributes

8) Books, Journals, Newsletters and Miscellaneous Materials

9) Newspaper Clippings and Articles
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Glenn H. Curtiss Collection, Acc. XXXX-0053, National Air & Space Museum, Smithsonian Inst.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0053, Series 1
See more items in:
Glenn H. Curtiss Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0053-ref10

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