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Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)

Bay/Sound:
Chesapeake Bay  Search this
Collector:
Charles W. Potter  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay  Search this
Length - Total:
252 cm
Preparation:
Skull
Anatomical
Remarks:
left flipper
Sex:
Male
Place:
Fort Story, Hover Craft Ramp., Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
15 Aug 1987
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Cetacea, Odontoceti, Delphinidae
Published Name:
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)
Tursiops truncatus coastal
Accession Number:
379697
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : CWP 263
Other Number : MME02662
USNM Number:
571041
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36205f85c-0ef6-41ea-89e8-062f4e243cb3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7022150
Online Media:

Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)

Bay/Sound:
Cheapeake Bay  Search this
Collector:
Dolphin Response Team  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
North Atlantic Ocean, Cheapeake Bay  Search this
Length - Total:
226 cm
Preparation:
Skull
Anatomical
Remarks:
right flipper
Sex:
Female
Place:
Fort Story, Off Hover Craft Landing Ramp., Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States, North America, North Atlantic Ocean
Collection Date:
6 Oct 1987
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Cetacea, Odontoceti, Delphinidae
Published Name:
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)
Tursiops truncatus coastal
Accession Number:
379697
Other Numbers:
Whale Field Number 1 : VB 87-009
Other Number : MME03064
Other Number : Q
USNM Number:
571195
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3cc33179c-2005-404c-99be-b04be6429ad7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7022302
Online Media:

James Library Building: a view of the library building, which houses the Museum of Early Trades & Crafts. The building was opened on May 30, 1900 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Collection Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print ((mounted on cardboard), black and white, mount 8.5 x 10.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
James Library Building (Madison, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Morris County -- Madison
Date:
1907 Aug.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Sidewalks  Search this
Streets  Search this
Elm  Search this
Curbs  Search this
Libraries  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Company Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF, Item NJ077001
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland Company collection
J. Horace McFarland Company collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States / New Jersey / NJ077: Madison -- James Library Building
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mcf-ref10100

Oconomowoc -- Tatterdemalion

Former owner:
Cran, C. R.  Search this
Sherry, Avery  Search this
Beverung, William  Search this
Landscape architect:
Griggs, Judson  Search this
Consultant:
Sproule, Michael  Search this
Gardener:
Johnson, Kyle  Search this
Johnson, Trevor  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Tatterdemalion (Oconomowoc, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Oconomowoc
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a worksheet and narrative description, a copy of the garden plan, and a plant list. The garden is noted for its Edwardian strolling garden, boxwood plantings, and roses, all complementing the arts and crafts style lakeside cottage.
General:
The gardens of Tatterdemalion, situated on a two-acre site, are designed to complement this 1907 arts and crafts style lakeside cottage. The wrap-around porch is surrounded by a stone terrace edged with tea roses and a lavender hedge. Steps to the west lead across the drive to an Edwardian strolling garden, bordered by an antique 1850 wrought iron fence, acquired in Madison, Indiana. Gently curving paths radiate from a circular path which encloses a weeping crabapple tree surrounded by lamb's ears. A low box hedge curves around in a flowing line to define the lawn. A semi-circle of purple lilacs and white Blanc Double de Coubert roses frame a bronze statue of Mercury.
Hemlocks and viburnums screen the adjoining property and form the backround for antique rose bushes, the mainstay of the garden. Flowering continues throughout the summer with the addition of pastel old-fashioned flowers. A dooryard fern garden on the north side of the house faces a small orchard. To the east is a Victorian reflecting pool centered in a semi-circular enclosure of shrubs. A wisteria and rose-covered arbor frames the view into the garden.
Persons associated with the property include: C. R. Cran (former owner, 1907-1939); Avery Sherry (former owner, 1939-1957); William Beverung (former owner, 1957-1986); Judson Griggs (landscape architect, 1987-1998); Michael Sproule (consultant, 1995-1997); Kyle Johnson (hardscape gardener, 1998); and Trevor Johnson (hardscape gardener, 1998).
Related Materials:
Tatterdemalion related holdings consist of 1 folder (29 35 mm. slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Oconomowoc  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File WI025
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11680

[Tatterdemalion]: a front view of the arts and crafts style lake cottage.

Photographer:
Sproule, John  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Tatterdemalion (Oconomowoc, Wisconsin)
United States of America -- Wisconsin -- Waukesha County -- Oconomowoc
Date:
1998 Oct.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Wisconsin -- Oconomowoc  Search this
Houses  Search this
Cottages  Search this
Trees  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Picket fences  Search this
Shrubs  Search this
Porches  Search this
Entrances  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Walls, stone  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Gates  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item WI025002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Wisconsin / WI025: Oconomowoc -- Tatterdemalion
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref11779

Newport -- Wildacre

Former owner:
Olmsted, Albert H.  Search this
Greeley, Howard  Search this
Bennett, Thomas  Search this
Newlin, Lilian  Search this
Fissell, Ethel  Search this
Claggett, C. Thomas  Search this
Bove, Maria  Search this
Bove, Michael III  Search this
de Savary, Peter  Search this
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Garden designer:
Hamilton, Dorrance H.  Search this
Architect:
Gill, Irving, 1870-1936  Search this
Spencer, Madison  Search this
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, Frederick Law, Jr., 1870-1957  Search this
Olmsted Brothers  Search this
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903  Search this
Gardener:
Quarry, Dave  Search this
Landscape designer:
Flanagan, Mary Ellen  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Wildacre (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, oversize photocopies of original plans, images, and articles.
General:
The Olmsted Brothers' 1901 design for the one-acre gardens within a seven-acre seaside property exemplified the great interest in Japonism at that time, featuring a koi pond, tea shelter, and thatch roofed parasols. The landscape design complemented California architect Irving John Gill's 1902 house, described as an Arts & Crafts variation on the New England shingle style with oriental features. The site is a rocky outcropping above a salt water cove and the gardens highlighted natural features such as rocky outcroppings while preserving the wild character of the location. Wildacre, also known as the Japanese garden, was designed as a strolling garden with both open views of the ocean and composed garden rooms. Nearly 100 years later the garden was rejuvenated with reference to the original Olmsted plans and drawings.
The restoration included planting replacement specimen trees and adding a mixed layer of deciduous and evergreen trees as a privacy barrier along the road since the property had been reduced to 2.5 acres. A dense privet hedge clipped to resemble waves that acts as a buffer against the ocean was restored, and a gravel bocce court was installed nearby. Mostly white flowering trees, shrubs, bulbs and perennials were included in the predominantly green planting scheme. Gardens include the Japanese-themed entrance garden with a momi fir planted by Olmsted, a new Zen garden, a wisteria-covered tea shelter and surrounding garden, a pond garden, iris garden, peony garden, mountain garden and mountain top built from local rock. Many varieties of hosta, ferns, ornamental grasses, succulents, mosses, azaleas and conifers were planted throughout the property.
Persons associated with the garden include Albert H. Olmsted (1842-1929) (former owner, 1901- ); Howard Greeley (former owner, 1924- ); Thomas Bennett (former owner, 1929- ); Lilian Newlin (former owner, 1932- ); Ethel Fissell (former owner, 1935- ); C. Thomas Claggett (former owner, 1945- ); Maria Bove (former owner, 1953- ); Michael Bove III (former owner, 1982- ); Peter de Savary (former owner, 1997- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (former owner, 1998- ); Irving John Gill (1870-1936) (architect, 1902); Madison Spencer (restoration architect, 1998); Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. (1870-1957) (landscape architect, 1902); Dave Quarry (head gardener, 1998-2013); Mary Ellen Flanagan (landscape designer, 1998- ); Dorrance H. Hamilton (garden designer, 1998-2013).
See also 35mm copy of 1919 postcard in the Richard Marchand Historical Postcard Collection. Image number RI091004.
Related Materials:
Wildacre related holdings consist of 3 folders (4 35mm slides; 20 digital images)
Records related to this site can be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 02221, A. H. Olmsted.
See others in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection, circa 1900s-1970s, bulk 1920-1940s.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI091
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10570

Newport -- Warren House-Tunnard Garden

Former owner:
Tanner Family  Search this
Gardner, Samuel F.  Search this
Lawton, Robert  Search this
Lawton, Penelope  Search this
Austin, Samuel Reverend  Search this
Henderson, Francis  Search this
Brinley, Fanny S.  Search this
Lawrence, Sallie C.  Search this
Paul, Allen G.  Search this
Paul, Florence S.  Search this
Warren, George  Search this
Warren, Katherine Urquhart  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Gardener:
Pleitez, Eusebio  Search this
Landscape designer:
Tunnard, Christopher  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles.
General:
This Modernist garden was created right after World War II, designed by Christopher Tunnard. It still survives today, perhaps the only existing commissioned landscape design by the man who influenced many of the United States most celebrated postwar architects and landscape architects. At only 65' x 42', the garden has an extreme austerity in design with a hint of luxury in its fountains, thick hedges and sculpture. The plants are cut and trimmed into an ordained shape, and the pattern is designed to be seen from the ground, where its curves interlock and turn back on themselves. Only two kinds of trees are used - lime (Tilia) and arbor vitae (Thuja); and three kinds of permanent plants - ivy (Hedera), box (Buxus) and yew (Taxus). The lime trees will eventually be pleached into an architectural block to throw the ground pattern into even greater contrast. The ivy is in slightly raised mounds, edged in places with small summer flowers. The bedding plants are purple and white petunias with carnations and lemon-yellow thunbergias." The sculpture, 'Chimerical Font,' by Jean Arp, is golden bronze centered on a plinth in a black lacquered rectangular pool. The other pools (two circular, one biomorphic) are shallow and painted white. Of note are the unusual shapes of the pruned boxwoods in the shapes of question marks and semi-colons; the colorful flowers; and the 6th linden along the left and end wall, now covered in Boston ivy, and originally painted white to complete a design that very much relied on strong figure-ground relationship.
Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979) was born in Canada, moved to England in 1929 and received a diploma from the Royal Horticultural Society the following year. The period of the eclectic Arts and Crafts movement (which he characterized as "romantic trivialization" of garden design) prompted him to introduce his Modernist views of landscape design. This approach avoided decoration, sentimentality and classical allusion "in favor of functional minimalist designs that provided a friendly and hospitable milieu for rest and recreation." After 10 years practicing garden and landscape work, he immigrated to America at the invitation of Walter Gropius to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design (1938-1943). Following the War, Tunnard taught city planning at Yale, advancing to professor and chairman of this department; he did little garden design from that point forward, making this 1949 garden probably one of his last commissions. For the final thirty years of his life, Tunnard put his energies into urban planning and the preservation of historic buildings; his publications in this area include "Man-made America: Chaos or Control?" (1963) which won the 1964 National Book Award in Science, Philosophy and Religion. It is perhaps ironic that Christopher Tunnard ended up of very much the same sentiment as his American patron, Mrs. George W. (Katherine) Warren, founder of the Preservation Society of Newport County (1945). In "Pioneers of American Landscape Design," (2000), Lance Neckar notes that "by the time of his death, he had come full circle to be identified with conservation-and-preservation-oriented attributes toward city revitalization which were antithetical to the Modern movement" that Tunnard had originally espoused.
Tunnard's patrons, George and Katherine Warren, who purchased the property on Mill Street in 1933, chose a part of Newport that was then considered "the other side of the tracks" by their social set, most of whom resided out on Ocean Drive. In New York, where the couple lived "off season," Katherine Warren collected modern art and was on the Advisory Committee of the Museum of Modern Art. Interesting to note that the garden was commissioned in 1949 and distinguished by its functional, minimalist modern design in sharp contrast with its early Federal-style house. The Warrens also added two glass-enclosed rooms on the first and second floors of their home on the garden side, presumably to enjoy this new garden to its full extent. Mrs. Warren died in 1976, bequeathing her home to the Preservation Society of Newport County, which moved its offices to this location in 1977. While the Preservation Society of Newport County owned the property, the garden was heavily shaded by a large beech tree and had become overgrown. It was maintained as they found it without major renovation. The current owner moved into the Mill Street house in 1994 and restored the Tunnard garden in 2001 and has proven to be a conscientious caretaker of this rare, nationally significant garden.
Persons associated with the garden include Tanner Family (former owners, 1776-1807); Samuel F. Gardner (former owner, 1807-1809); Robert Lawton (former owner, 1809-1810); Penelope Lawton (former owner, 1810-1822); Reverend Samuel Austin (former owner, 1822-1826); Francis Henderson (former owner, 1826-1857); Fanny S. Brinley (former owner, 1857-1863); Sallie C. Lawrence (former owner, 1863-1886); Allen G. Paul (former owner, 1886-1916); Florence S. Paul (former owner, 1916-1932); George and Katherine Warren (former owners, 1932-1977); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1977-1994); Christopher Tunnard (landscape designer, 1949); Eusebio Pleitez (gardener, 2001- ).
Related Materials:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 digital images)
Additional photographs are also located in the collections of the Preservation Society of Newport County.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI201
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10575

South Kingstown -- Croftmere Garden

Former owner:
Cocroft Family  Search this
Architect:
Sheldon, Walter G., 1855-1931  Search this
Landscape architect:
Smith, Sibley Coslett  Search this
Garden installation:
Whaley, Carder  Search this
Restoration garden designer:
Lapin, Linda  Search this
Gardener:
McCloskey, Brenda  Search this
Fence restoration:
McCluster, Glen  Search this
Provenance:
South County Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Croftmere Garden (South Kingstown, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Washington County -- South Kingston -- Matunuck
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of original plants lists and orders.
General:
Croftmere's sunken garden has been restored to the Arts & Crafts style designed in 1915 by landscape architect Sibley C. Smith. Adjacent to the 1906 wood shingle-style house the 44 by 74 feet garden room is part of an eight acre property that was part of a larger tract divided in the early 1900s among family members. The sunken garden is entered by descending three rough cut granite steps and surrounded on three sides by crisscross cedar fencing set on stone walls and supported by rough stone columns. At the far end of the garden room steps lead to a stone pergola draped with roses and wisteria. Small millstones are used for tables and a large one is sited on the grass terrace between the house and garden. A rectangular stone-lined lily pond with its original fountain is in the center of the garden room and deep beds of perennial flowers have been planted between the fences and the lawn as part of the restoration. Trimmed boxwood and viburnum, clematis and roses grow on the terrace and on an arbor alongside the house.
Persons associated with the garden include members of the Cocroft family since 1906; Walter G. Sheldon (1855-1931) (architect, 1906); Sibley C. Smith, ASLA (landscape architect, 1915); Carder Whaley (garden installation, 1916); Linda Lapin (restoration garden designer, 2000); Brenda McCloskey (gardener, 2005- ); Glen McCluster (fence restoration, 2015).
Related Materials:
Croftmere Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (8 35mm slides; 35 digital images; 4 reference prints)
See others in:
Eleanor Weller collection, circa 1978-2006.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- South Kingstown  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI149
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10580

Middletown -- Belle Grove Plantation

Former owner:
Hite, Isaac, Jr  Search this
Hunnewell, F. W. (Francis Welles)  Search this
Brumback family  Search this
Restoration landscape architect:
Favretti, Rudy J.  Search this
Owner:
National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States  Search this
Creator:
Garden Club of Virginia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Belle Grove (Middletown, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Frederick County -- Middletown
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles about the property.
General:
Major Isaac Hite Jr., who fought with the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, and his first wife Eleanor (Nelly) Conway Madison, a sister of President James Madison, built the Federal style house beginning in 1794, using limestone quarried on the 483 acre property. The landscape plan included groves of trees for shade and was influenced by the less formal 18th century English gardens that complement rather than contrast with the natural setting. The fields would have been planted in grain for livestock, including cattle and Merino sheep. During Hite's lifetime the property was expanded to 7,500 acres and included a distillery and several mills. The house has a south façade of dressed limestone, and is in the pavilion style favored by Thomas Jefferson. There are several outbuildings. The only records of the garden show light foundation plantings around the house and a latticework fence.
During the Civil War, Belle Grove Plantation was the setting of the Battle of Cedar Creek on October 19, 1864, in which Union General Philip Sheridan defeated Confederate General Jubal Early.
The Brumback family owned the property from 1907 to 1929. Francis Welles Hunnewell purchased the property in 1929 and bequeathed it to the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 1964.
In 1983, the Garden Club of Virginia voted to restore the gardens at Belle Grove Plantation, using funds raised in their annual garden walks. The gardens were restored to the style of circa 1820. University of Connecticut Professor Emeritus Rudy J. Favretti (Fellow in the American Society of Landscape Architects) designed the restoration. Restoration included pruning the trees to restore light to the house and open the view of the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains and replacing the large foundation plantings including diseased boxwoods with low-growing plants. In addition, an overgrown herb garden was converted to a demonstration garden comprised of plants used in cooking, medicine and commerce in the 19th century, with restored latticework fencing on three sides and post and rail fencing on the fourth side.
Belle Grove Plantation, now 283 acres, is operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and open to the public. Sites on the grounds include the ice house, old hall, dairy, smokehouse, blacksmiths shop, demonstration garden, slave cemetery, and agricultural fields. There is also a library of local, architectural, crafts and agricultural history, and an artifacts collection.
Persons associated with the property include Major Isaac Hite (former owner, 1794-1836) and descendents of the Hite family, the Brumback family (former owner, 1907-1929), Francis Welles Hunnewell (former owner, 1929), Rudy J. Favretti (1983, restoration landscape architect) and the National Trust for Historic Preservation (owner, 1964-present)
Related Materials:
Belle Grove Plantation related holdings consist of 2 folders (1 3 x 4 in. lantern slide and 3 35mm slides)
See also the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
See others in:
Hollerith Collection, ca. 1970?
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Middletown  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA094
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18856

Newport -- Bellevue House Gardens

Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Former owner:
Codman, Martha  Search this
Langley, Jane Pickens  Search this
McCormack, Marcella  Search this
Architect:
Codman, Ogden, Jr.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Duchêne, Achille, 1866-1947  Search this
Creator:
Kimball, Fiske, 1888-1955  Search this
Garden designer:
Couture, Jon-Paul  Search this
Fleming, Ronald Lee  Search this
Gardener:
Khut, Horus  Search this
Gowen, Kidder  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- New Port County -- Newport
Bellevue House Gardens (Newport, Rhode Island)
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 19 digital images (2016-2018).
General:
The Colonial Revival Newport cottage was designed by architect Ogden Codman Jr. for his niece Martha circa 1910 with gardens designed by Achille Duchêne. The 3.7-acre property is enclosed in brick walls, with historic specimen trees that predate the mansion; it is a certified Level 1 arboretum with more than 50 cultivars. There are 12 garden rooms, several follies, more than 60 monkey-themed artifacts, and numerous references to Pomona, the goddess of the orchard and abundance as well as Pomona College, the owner's alma mater. The owner describes his gardens as the narrative of himself and his family with spaces for history, celebration, storytelling and reflection. Garden rooms with water features include the American renaissance water garden with layered borders on either side of a rill, an Oriental water garden with a red Chinese Chippendale style footbridge modeled after the design of Englishman James Paine, an Arts and Crafts garden and south pool with a lotus fountain and other stylistic nods to Sir Edwin Lutyens, and another pool on the east side of the property with cabanas and a pavilion of pleasure used for family gatherings.

Features remaining from the original designs include a 5-sided lattice gazebo, an excedra in the same style as Edith Wharton's, and a pergola. A 20 -foot square tea house added in 1926 replicates the 1793 Derby summer house designed by Samuel McIntire. Additional follies and outbuildings that have been added in the 21st century include a summer house and a ground level cupola, with plans for a greenhouse/library that will be accessible to the public. The rhombic-shaped property is organized by crossing axes; the north-south axis starts at the gazebo next to the outer wall, dropping to the tea house and tea house allée with another gazebo marking a crossing point. Other garden rooms include pollarded hornbeam, a sprawling beech that shades the moss garden, a kitchen garden, and a keyhole garden. The classic formal style of structures and plantings contrasts with contemporary statues and bronzes, some of which were designed by or depict family members; one sculpture is named "The Social Contract".

Persons associated with the garden include: Martha Codman (former owner, 1907- ); Jane Pickens Langley (former owner, 1964-1992); Marcella McCormack (former owner, 1995-1999); Ogden Codman Jr. (1863-1951) (architect, 1910); Achille Duchêne (1866-1947) (landscape designer); Sidney Fiske Kimball (1888-1955) (teahouse architect, 1926); Jon-Paul (JP) Couture (garden designer/architect); Ronald Lee Fleming (garden designer, 1999- ); Horus Khut (gardener, 2014- ); Kidder Gowen (gardener, 2014- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI214
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32883

Houston -- Orchid Garden

Provenance:
Garden Club of Houston  Search this
Photographer:
Brennan, Fran  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Texas -- Houston -- Houston
Orchid Garden (Houston, Texas)
Scope and Contents:
1 folder and 12 digital images. Images 001-012 copyrighted by Fran Brennan.
General:
An urban patio garden with approximately 1,400 orchids, ponds, furnishings and decorative items, and 30 more mostly tropical plants is a conservatory. Previously the owner was a tenant in one of five modern one-story apartments that were arranged in a horizontal row, each with its own brick walled patio. He bought the building and eventually converted all the apartments into his home while the five patios were reconfigured into one 97-foot-long by 12-foot-wide garden room. An outer walkway that used to lead to each patio entrance now is a plant nursery backed by a tall wooden fence with acrylic greenhouse roofing covering the whole structure. Fans, vents and heaters are used to control the temperature. The brick walls between the old patios were partially disassembled into steps that hold plants, suggesting ruins. Leftover bricks were re-used as table supports and as paving material. The orchid collection was started in 1967 with one plant that didn't survive. Now potted orchids hang from the metal beams that support the roof, some in baskets fashioned from wire mesh that also forms shelves on the boards used as tabletops. More pots of orchids are attached to the standing brick walls, all in staggered patterns to improve air circulation. Complementary tropical plants are in pots or planted in beds. The garden room furniture and features mostly came from Mexico, Guatemala, and Spain, in rustic or hand-crafted styles.

Persons associated with the garden include: Joseph A. Ralmutto (former owner, 1960-1964); Bill Bartlett (owner, planner, designer, 1964- ).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX206
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33213

Lookout Mountain -- Bluffside

Topic:
Bluffside
Provenance:
Garden Club of Lookout Mountain  Search this
Photographer:
Laney, James C. R  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Hamilton County -- Lookout Mountain
Scope and Contents:
18 digital images and 1 folder
General:
This ¾ acre property, established in 1997, is positioned on a bluff that overlooks the Tennessee River and Smokey Mountains and contains multi-level gardens. It features a grand Arts and Crafts, Tudor style home that had belonged to one of the owner's family and was sold in the 1950s. When the current owners acquired the property, they had to irradicate invasive species such as English ivy, Japanese Honeysuckle, Wisteria, and Euonymus that covered the bluffside. The flat front yard is lined by a well-maintained hedge and floral beds. A stone walkway flanked with flower beds leads from the house to the backyard. A shrub-lined archway also acts as an entryway to the backyard. The back of the property is lined with curving flowerbeds containing vibrant purple and yellow flowers, with dense woodlands on either side. The sloped lot has various tiers containing beds of native and perennial shrubs and bulbs lined with a stacked stone border. The main focal points of the property are its astonishing views, the stone staircase that leads down to different levels of the property, and modern stone sculptures throughout the gardens. One stone sculpture is positioned on a stope outcrop at the bluff's edge.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Lookout Mountain  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN123
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33227

Erie -- A Touch of Williamsburg

Former owner:
Griswold, Tracy  Search this
Griswold, Maryann  Search this
Sculptress:
Goodacre, Glenna  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
A Touch of Williamsburg (Erie, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Erie -- Erie
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
General:
In 1970 the owners built their house on two and one-quarter acres in a new subdivision on land that had been agricultural, and their growing family played sports in the yard. In the late 1980s the owners began changing the landscape and house to reflect their interests, especially after studying English gardens at Cambridge University, England, and many visits to the recreated colonial gardens in Williamsburg and Monticello in Virginia. The property was planned and planted as a whole, with formal gardens including a kitchen garden replicating the Taliaferro-Cole garden in Williamsburg with its multi-level picket fence. The garden inside the fence is rectilinear with an armillary sphere in the center watched over by the sculpture "The Dog" by Glenna Goodacre. The straight-edged beds are planted in flowers and vegetables, espaliered apple and pear trees and pollarded linden trees along the fence. This part of the property is conceived on a short axis that ends in an obelisk. The long axis of the plan starts at the street and traverses through an allée of crabapple trees towards a reproduction 18th century statue called "Taste." An outbuilding that is used for storage copies the design of a colonial kitchen. A tennis court is flanked by fruit orchards, and an alpine trough garden leads to the garage.
The paths in the fenced garden are comprised of silica and brick, which along with tall hedges, create a micro-climate in the courtyard that is ten degrees warmer than outside the fence. Thus the planting season starts earlier and last longer, and species such as southern magnolia can be grown. Although most of the construction and garden ornaments reflect the colonial style of this garden there are two Lutyens style benches inside the fenced garden from the Arts & Crafts period, and a brightly painted cottage Windsor chair for resting. Rose pots, painted red, are hoisted on top of poles add height and whimsy to the garden.
To keep the garden looking fresh big plants are replaced, especially with one that have sentimental value to the owners. The garden has been photographed, written about and studied by horticultural groups, and the owners are active in local gardening organizations.
Persons associated with the garden include: Tracy and Maryann Griswold (former owners, 1925-1967); Glenna Goodacre (sculptress, 1999).
Related Materials:
A Touch of Williamsburg related holdings consist of 1 folder (41 digital images; 1 photographic print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Erie  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA727
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16457

McKean -- Raku Place

Artist:
Kemenyffy, Susan Hale.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Kemenyffy, Susan Hale.  Search this
Sculptor:
Kemenyffy, Steven, 1943-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Raku Place (McKean, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- McKean -- Erie
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, a copy of a book of Susan Hale Kemenyffy's drawings dedicated to Carrie T. Watson Garden Club member Lynn Perry Alstadt, and a copy of "Drawing: The Purpose," edited by Leo Duff and Phil Sawdon. The latter includes a chapter by Susan Hale Kemenyffy titled, "Landscape - Drawing - Drawiing - Landscape' (2008).
General:
The 47 acre property in western Pennsylvania had been logged, stripped of topsoil and used as a dump for garbage and burned out cars when the land and 1950's house were obtained in 1974 by two artists. Mature trees, weeds and enormous mud puddles comprised the landscape. The site has been developed with 18 named gardens, channeled water courses with a string of pools and two ponds to ameliorate the property's tendency to flood every spring, numerous hand-built bridges, and intersecting paths totaling about one mile of walkways. Outbuildings include a chicken house, a Hungarian Tea House cantilevered on a cliff in a conifer forest that overlooks one of the pools, and two artists' studios. Garden structures and outdoor furniture are painted in blues and greens that contrast with and stand out from the lushly planted grounds while sculptures created by the owners have been nestled into the landscape. Hundreds of rocks, slabs and boulders have been dug up and re-positioned to form or edge paths and ponds. Positions have been found for objects including discarded aluminum playground horses that rear up among the trees. Ceramic tiles and sculptures made by the artists contribute to the unique landscape.
An early entrance garden included climbing hydrangea, bergenia lining the walkway, pachysandra and ferns to obscure the front of the house. Later a wider walkway was dug and laid with slabs of Pennsylvania bluestone over gravel, decking and brick walls were built, and 100 feet of climbing hydrangea have been trained around the house and deck. The owners describe their highly personal gardens as naturalized Arts and Crafts designed to suit the topography. They have given fanciful names to their gardens, such as giraffe's place, polka dot garden, alpine forest, great meadow, sky garden, primrose-less path, and Steven's mountain with an elevated metal sculpture "Sirius Dog House" to mark the juncture of earth and sky and the conclusion of the garden.
Raku Place has been shared with many groups for events and has participated in Garden Conservancy Open Days.
Persons associated with the garden include Donald and Sharon Williams (former owners, 1966-1974); Steven Kemenyffy (sculptor, 1974- ); Susan Kemenyffy (artist and landscape designer, 1974- ).
Related Materials:
Raku Place related holdings consist of 1 folder (85 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- McKean  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA825
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16460

Girard -- Falls Run

Former owner:
Wadlinger, Fred  Search this
Provenance:
Carrie T. Watson Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Falls Run (Girard, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Erie County -- Girard
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, and additional materials.
General:
Falls Run is a 13-acre property with a contemporary house and studio, five acres of garden rooms and eight acres of new and old growth woodlands. The garden design is a fusion of Arts & Crafts and Asian styles, with collections of perennials, specimen trees, mature bonsai in containers, and ornamental grasses. The gardens were established by the owner in 1988, who designed Falls Run to complement a bonsai collection by adding raised beds, removing a wooden boardwalk and installing flagstone walkways. Topsoil was brought in for the raised beds since the native soil is clay. There is a large pond and a smaller pond near the house with custom built platforms for some of the bonsai, and the ponds themselves are planted water gardens. There is a Zen rock garden with a bed of dwarf conifers under planted with thyme. Perennial shade and flower gardens are situated in a dry river bed, with a cluster of ferns at the edge of the woodlands. Future plans include planting more perennial woodland gardens.
Falls run has participated in Garden Conservancy Open Days in 2012 and 2013.
Persons and groups associated with the garden include: Fred Wadlinger (former owner, 1974-1982).
Related Materials:
Falls Run related holdings consist of 1 folder (3 photographic prints; 11 digital images)
See others in:
Garden Club of American collection, ca. 1920- [ongoing].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Girard  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA728
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16468

Philadelphia -- Krisheim

Former owner:
Woodward, Gertrude  Search this
United Presbyterian Church  Search this
Woodward, George, Dr.  Search this
Ornamental ironwork designer:
Yellin, Samuel  Search this
Creator:
Mercer, Henry  Search this
Sculptor:
Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901-1998  Search this
Selmer-Larsen, Johan  Search this
Landscape designer:
Fleming, Robert  Search this
Schneider, Nina  Search this
Landscape architect:
Dawson, James F. (James Frederick), 1874-1941  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Krisheim (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Philadelphia
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopy of articles and a DVD entitled, "John Selmer Larsen: The Truth of All Things Natural."
Varying Form:
Woodward Garden, formerly known as.
General:
The landscape design was planned for this property by the original owners and landscape architect James Frederick Dawson, consulting for 15 years before the half-timbered Jacobean Tudor mansion was finished. During that time Krisheim was an arboretum open to the public who could "respect the trees and shrubbery". Their vision was to create a garden suburb in the city comprising a densely wooded entrance with a long driveway leading to parkland in front of the house, sweeping lawns directly behind the house to give an unobstructed view of the Wissahickon Valley, formal gardens on three levels beside the house, more private lawn below as well as cutting and vegetable gardens, and woodland gardens. The massed trees and native Wissahickon schist used throughout for walls, paths and the house itself were to give the impression of a woodsy retreat rather than the great estate they actually built. The original 40 acre property has been reduced to 14 acres and beginning in 1988 features of the original Olmsted Brothers hardscape and plantings have been restored.
At the top level of the formal garden there is a long pool used for swimming laps, fed from the wall fountains above that are run by a contemporary recycling pump. Dogwood trees are espaliered on the Wissahickon schist wall behind the pool which has cantilevered steps so workers could climb in from the service area on the other side of the wall. A wooden arbor and benches in an alcove above that wall recently were rebuilt following the original Olmsted Brothers designs. The second level of the formal garden has a rectangular reflecting pool in the center planted with iris and tulips, with Walter K. Hancock's sculpture "Boy with Squirrel" placed on the rim of the pool. Four parterres surrounding the pool contain dogwood and crabapple trees with bordering boxwoods and clusters of arborvitae at the corners of the pool. The lowest level walled garden was designed for contemplation with a long bench and two large specimen euonymus trees. In the wall behind the bench a saying from the Songs of Solomon is carved: "Awake O North wind and come south. Blow upon my garden that the spices thereof may flow out." Walkways in the formal terraces are brick with a mosaic stone path at the upper level.
Other features include a log house copied from a vacation house in Wyoming under tall pine woodlands and a tea house at the end of a newly planted hydrangea walk at one side of the second formal terrace. Additional benches and Adirondack chairs are placed under the trees in the front park and around a fire pit. Artifacts from the Arts and Crafts era include a Moravian tile floor in the tea house depicting symbols of the zodiac, containers for planting, Samuel Yellin ironwork, and a bronze sculpture of a boy with a ball sited under the arbor, by Johan Selmer-Larsen.
Persons associated with the garden include Dr. George and Gertrude Woodward (former owners, 1895-1961); United Presbyterian Church (former owner, 1961-1983); Peabody & Stearns (architects, 1910-1911); James Frederick Dawson (1874-1941) (independent and with Olmsted Brothers) (landscape architect, 1895-1910); Samuel Yellin (ornamental ironwork designer); Henry Mercer (Moravian ornamental tiles in the tea house and house); Walter K. Hancock (1901-1998) (sculptor); Johan Selmer-Larsen (1876-1967) (sculptor); Robert Fleming (landscape designer, 1988-1989); Nina Schneider (landscape designer, 2011-2012).
Related Materials:
Krisheim related holdings consist of 2 folders (1 lantern slide, 9 photographic prints mounted on board and 51 digital images)
Additional materials also located in Olmsted Archives, Brookline, Massachusetts (job number 03223).
See others in:
J. Horace McFarland company collection, 1899-1974.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA213
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16520

Pittsburgh -- Cherrytree House

Architect:
Drake, Sarah  Search this
Button, Lamont Hartung  Search this
Landscape architect:
LeGall, Jöel C.  Search this
Metal work:
Weaver, Rob  Search this
Former owner:
Button, Lamont Hartung  Search this
Button, Blanche  Search this
Wiggins, Albert  Search this
Criss, Nicholas  Search this
Criss, Louise  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Allegheny County  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Cherrytree House (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Allegheny -- Pittsburgh
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, copy of a Lamont Button Christmas card, and other photocopies.
General:
Architect Lamont H. Button built this house for his family in the late 1920s, on a 60 by 175 foot lot that had belonged to a farm with a cherry orchard on the edge of town. Re-using discarded Belgian blocks from a street project in Pittsburgh he built a tall house with European arts and crafts features such as the deeply inset arched front door with a ceramic tile attributed to Pewabic Pottery set in a millstone as the stoop. The house is adjacent to Frick Park and landscaping of the sloped site blurs the transition between its grounds and the park. The garden in front of the house is densely planted with Japanese maples, a weeping weigela, magnolia, holly, lace-cap hydrangea and Japanese snowbell. There are stone paths and a stone bridge across a dry river rock stream that leads to a stone bench set among white azaleas. Under plantings in the front yard include pachysandra, Lenten rose, geranium, epimedium, strawberry, spring bulbs, Japanese anemones, and daisies. The doorway is wreathed by ivy and a climbing rose arches over a bay window.
There is a narrow walkway to the rear garden between the house and a grape arbor. The bluestone patio is shady and has a wall fountain with a rill cut into the patio and down the steps to the park. Plants include hosta, fern, cyclamen, lilies, astilbe, and white climbing hydrangeas, with pots on the steps and a window box filled with colorful annuals. Wisteria and fall clematis grow on an iron trellis. Steps lead down to a lower green garden paved with river gravel with a bench between two green Asian rice pots. There is an ancient oak tree thought to be at least 125 years old anchoring this garden with an understory of Solomon's seal, jack in the pulpit, and ferns. Wind chimes in the trees and a hammock for reading are in another secret garden further down the hill.
Persons associated with the garden include: Lamont Hartung and Blanche Button (former owners, 1927); Albert and Wiggins (former owners, dates unknown); Nicholas and Louise Criss (former owners, 1958-1995); Lamont Hartung Button, AIA (architect, 1920s?); Sarah Drake, AIA (architect, 1995); Joel C. LeGall, ASLA (landscape architect); Rob Weaver (metal work)
Related Materials:
Cherrytree House related holdings consist of 1 folder (22 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA753
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16555

James S. Plaut papers, [ca. 1929]-1980

Creator:
Plaut, James S. (James Sachs), 1912-1996  Search this
Plaut, James S. (James Sachs), 1912-1996  Search this
Subject:
Adenauer, Konrad  Search this
Bernstein, Leonard  Search this
Breuer, Marcel  Search this
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David)  Search this
Gandhi, Indira  Search this
Wright, Frank Lloyd  Search this
Gropius, Walter  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
Ruckstull, F. W. (Fred Wellington)  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph)  Search this
Berman, Eugene  Search this
Kirstein, Lincoln  Search this
Kokoschka, Oskar  Search this
Milles, Carl  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Institute of Modern Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
World Crafts Council  Search this
Expo 67 (Montréal, Québec)  Search this
Exposition universelle et internationale (1958 : Brussels, Belgium)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Sound recordings
Place:
Israel
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9561
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211762
AAA_collcode_plaujame
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211762

Norcross Greeting Card Collection

Collector:
Norcross, Arthur Dickinson, d. 1968  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Extractive Industries  Search this
Rust, Fred Winslow, 1877?-1949  Search this
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company (Dedham (Mass.))  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Extractive Industries  Search this
Designer:
Tuck, Raphael, fl. 1880s  Search this
Prang, Louis, fl. 1880-1900  Search this
Chase, Ernest Dudley, fl. 1920s  Search this
Manufacturer:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.))  Search this
Rust Craft Publishers (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Extent:
202 Cubic feet (179 boxes, 362 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lithographs
Business records
Chromolithographs
Color slides
Greeting cards
Valentines
Trade cards
Postcards
Motion pictures (visual works)
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Slides (photographs)
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 20th century
Boston (Mass.) -- 1910-1950
Date:
1800-1981
bulk 1880-1881
Summary:
Collections consists of the records of both the Norcross Greeting Card Company founded in New York City in the 1920s and The Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, founded in Kansas City, Missouri, 1906. Both the Norcross and Rust Craft companies collected antique greeting cards. Also includes a small number of modern cards by other manufacturers, circa 1930-1980. Collection represents development of the greeting card industry, social trends in the United States and technology of the printing industry from 1924 through 1978.
Scope and Contents:
The Norcross Greeting Card Collection consists of cards and a few records of both the Norcross Greeting Card Company and the Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, circa 1911 1981; antique greeting cards, circa 1800 1930 (bulk 1880 1900) collected by both these companies and their executives; and a small number of modern cards by other manufacturers, circa 1939 1960. According to Norcross Company officials in 1978, this collection represents "not only a history of the development of the greeting card industry but also a history of social trends in the United States" and gives "an indication of the quality and technology of the [printing] industry from 1924 through 1978."
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into six series.

Series 1: Norcross Company Records, 1920-1981

Series 2: Antique Greeting Card Collection, circa 1800-1930 (bulk 1880-1990)

Series 3: Rust Craft Company Records, circa 1920-1980

Series 4: Greeting Cards by Other Manufacturers, 1939-1960

Series 5: Norcross Company Permanent Files, 1911-1981

Series 6: Rust Craft Company Permanent Files, 1927-1981
Biographical / Historical:
Arthur D. Norcross founded the Norcross Greeting Card Company in New York City in the nineteen twenties. From the start Norcross cards had a "look" which contributed to their selling success although, through the years, the company commanded only a small share of the greeting card market. In 1974 the company relocated to West Chester and Exton, Pennsylvania, where in 1981 Norcross and the Rust Craft Greeting Card Company merged to form divisions of a parent company.

At some point, Norcross executives realized the value of collecting and preserving antique greeting cards. The company built a large collection of antique cards, a number of which traveled in shows around the country bringing attention not only to the cards themselves but also to the Norcross Company.

Arthur Norcross died in 1968, and the company had four owners from then until 1982. One of the owners, the Ziff Corporation, a New York publisher, picked up the Norcross Company to augment the floundering Rust Craft Greeting Card Company that it had purchased primarily for its television holdings. Finally the Norcross and Rust Craft combination was acquired by Windsor Communications, Inc., a privately held company. In August 1981 Windsor entered into Chapter 11 proceedings under the Federal bankruptcy law and ceased producing greeting cards. Factors leading to bankruptcy included the expensive consolidation of Norcross and Rust Craft, a doubtful marketing strategy, and unsuccessful efforts to continue producing two distinct lines of greeting cards.

The Rust Craft Greeting Card Company, some of whose records are contained in this collection, was begun as a little bookshop by Fred Rust, (1877? 1949) in Kansas City in 1906. Later that year he created a plain Christmas folder which he called a "letter," perhaps a forerunner of the greeting card. These "letters" proved successful sellers prompting Rust to increase his publications over the years and expand his line to include post cards, greeting cards with envelopes, calendars, and blotters, in addition to lines of cards for New Year's and birthdays. Donald Rust, his brother, soon joined him to take over manufacturing, and in 1908, Fred Rust, seeking to increase distribution, carried his line to Boston while Donald carried his to California. The original bookshop was retained until 1910 when all retailing was discontinued. After building a considerable volume of business, the firm was consolidated in Boston in 1914 and became known as Rust Craft Publishers.

Sales mounted as the company issued cards for various seasons. Many of the sentiments were written by Fred Rust himself. Around 1927 Ernest Dudley Chase joined the firm as an associate in charge of creation and advertising. In the 1950s the company relocated to Dedham, Massachusetts and finally in 1981 merged with the Norcross Company in West Chester and Exton, Pennsylvania.

A popular innovation of the Rust Craft Company was a card bearing the sentiment printed on the card itself with four or five extra sentiments tucked in as part of the message and design. This card was so popular that it was patented with the name Tukkin. The Rust Craft Company also collected some antique greeting cards.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

AC0109 Division of Domestic Life Greeting Card Collection, circa 1854-1975

AC0126 Burris and Byrd Family Card Sample Case, circa 1920

AC0263 Susie Paige Afro-American Greeting Card Collection, 1900-1984

AC0376 Olive Leavister 19th Century Handmade Valentine Collection, 1830-1880

AC0404 Archives Center Business Americana Collection, circa 1900-present

AC0530 Beatrice Litzinger Postcard Collection, 1900-1990

AC0468Archives Center Scrapbook Collection, circa 1880-circa 1960

AC0579 Greeting Card Collection, 1920s-1970s

AC0886 Ernest Dudley Chase Papers, 1930s-1940s

AC1198 Beatrice Morgan Steyskal Collection of Greeting Cards, 1958-1970

AC0060 Warshaw Collection of Business Americana

AC1251 L.F. Pease Greeting Card Company Collection, circa 1908-1913

AC 1252 Sandford Greeting Card Company and Family Papers, circa 1840-1990

AC 0062 Hoffmania (or Hoffman Collection

AC0295 Rocky Herosian Collection, 1910-1943

AC0674 Jean Clairmook Radio Scrapbook, 1930-1932

AC0136 Celia K. Erskine Scrapbook of Valentines, Advertising Cards, and Postcards, circa 1882-1884

The Valentine & Expressions of Love [videocassette], 2000 within the Archives Center Miscellaneous Film and Videotape Collection, (AC0358)
Provenance:
Norcross Greeting Card Company, West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1982-1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270. Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Genre/Form:
Lithographs
Business records -- 20th century
Chromolithographs -- 1880-1900
Color slides
Greeting cards -- ca. 1800-1980
Valentines
Trade cards
Postcards
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 1960-1980
Advertisements
Scrapbooks
Slides (photographs) -- 1950-2000
Citation:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0058
See more items in:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0058
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Online Media:

Invitations

Collection Collector:
Norcross, Arthur Dickinson, d. 1968  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Extractive Industries  Search this
Rust, Fred Winslow, 1877?-1949  Search this
Rust Craft Greeting Card Company (Dedham (Mass.))  Search this
Collection Designer:
Tuck, Raphael, fl. 1880s  Search this
Prang, Louis, fl. 1880-1900  Search this
Chase, Ernest Dudley, fl. 1920s  Search this
Collection Manufacturer:
Norcross Greeting Card Company (New York (N.Y.))  Search this
Rust Craft Publishers (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Container:
Box 1263-1264
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270. Viewing the film portion of the collection without reference copies requires special appointment, please inquire.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Norcross Greeting Card Collection
Norcross Greeting Card Collection / Series 5: Norcross Company Permanent Files / 5.1: Cards Standard Line
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0058-ref1581

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