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Machito: A Latin Jazz Legacy

Directed by:
Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican, 1947 - 2008  Search this
Subject of:
Machito, Cuban American, 1908 - 1984  Search this
Tito Puente, American, 1923 - 2000  Search this
Ray Barretto, American, 1929 - 2006  Search this
Dizzy Gillespie, American, 1917 - 1993  Search this
Dexter Gordon, American, 1923 - 1990  Search this
Produced by:
Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican, 1947 - 2008  Search this
Written by:
Bruce Spiegel  Search this
Medium:
polyester film
Dimensions:
Duration (Reel 1): 24 Minutes
Length (Film): 850 Feet
Duration (Reel 2): 28 Minutes
Length (Film): 1000 Feet
Type:
sound films
color films (visual works)
16mm (photographic film size)
Cultural Place:
Cuba, Caribbean, Latin America, North and Central America
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1987
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Conductors (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Latin jazz (Music)  Search this
Musical films  Search this
Profile films  Search this
Salsa (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2017.55.67.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Icarus Films, ©1987. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
DC Public Library Film Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Film and Video
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd58c746c65-fca6-4707-b69c-8f0265e83960
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.55.67.1ab

Duke Ellington Collection

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Musical History  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Musical History  Search this
Creator:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Names:
Duke Ellington Orchestra  Search this
Washingtonians, The.  Search this
Ellington, Mercer Kennedy, 1919-1996 (musician)  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Extent:
400 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Phonograph records
Papers
Photographic prints
Posters
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Music
Clippings
Awards
Audiotapes
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 20th century
Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- 20th century
Washington (D.C.) -- 20th century
Date:
1903 - 1989
Summary:
The collection documents Duke Ellington's career primarily through orchestrations (scores and parts), music manuscripts, lead sheets, transcriptions, and sheet music. It also includes concert posters, concert programs, television, radio, motion picture and musical theater scripts, business records, correspondence, awards, as well as audiotapes, audiodiscs, photographs, tour itineraries, newspaper clippings, magazines, caricatures, paintings, and scrapbooks.
Scope and Contents:
Dating approximately from the time Duke Ellington permanently moved to New York City in 1923 to the time the material was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1988, the bulk of the material in the Duke Ellington Collection is dated from 1934-1974 and comprises sound recordings, original music manuscripts and published sheet music, hand-written notes, correspondence, business records, photographs, scrapbooks, news clippings, concert programs, posters, pamphlets, books and other ephemera. These materials document Ellington's contributions as composer, musician, orchestra leader, and an ambassador of American music and culture abroad. In addition, the materials paint a picture of the life of a big band maintained for fifty years and open a unique window through which to view an evolving American society.

The approximate four hundred cubic feet of archival materials have been processed and organized into sixteen series arranged by type of material. Several of the series have been divided into subseries allowing additional organization to describe the content of the material. For example, Series 6, Sound Recordings, is divided into four subseries: Radio and Television Interviews, Concert Performances, Studio Dates and Non-Ellington Recordings. Each series has its own scope and content note describing the material and arrangement (for example; Series 10, Magazines and Newspaper Articles, is organized into two groups, foreign and domestic, and arranged chronologically within each group). A container list provides folder titles and box numbers.

The bulk of the material is located in Series 1, Music Manuscripts, and consists of compositions and arrangements by Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn and other composers. Series 6, Sound Recordings also provides a record of the performance of many of these compositions. The materials in Series 2, Performances and Programs, Series 3, Business Records, Series 8, Scrapbooks, Series 9, Newspaper Clippings, Series 11, Publicity and Series 12, Posters provide documentation of specific performances by Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Ellington was a spontaneous and prolific composer as evidenced by music, lyrical thoughts, and themes for extended works and plays captured on letterhead stationery in Series 3, Business Records, in the margin notes of individual books and pamphlets in Series 14, Religious Materials and Series 15, Books, and in the hand-written notes in Series 5, Personal Correspondence and Notes.

During its fifty-year lifespan, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra were billed under various names including The Washingtonians, The Harlem Footwarmers and The Jungle Band. The soloists were informally called "the band", and Series 3 includes salary statements, IOU's, receipts and ephemera relating to individual band members. Series 1, Music Manuscripts contains the soloists' parts and includes "band books" of several soloists (for example; Harry Carney and Johnny Hodges) and numerous music manuscripts of Billy Strayhorn. The changing role of Strayhorn from arranger hired in 1938 to Ellington's main collaborator and composer of many well-known titles for Duke Ellington and His Orchestra including "Take The A' Train" and "Satin Doll" can be traced in these music manuscripts. Series 7, Photographs and Series 2, Performances and Programs contain many images of the band members and Strayhorn. This Collection also documents the business history of Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Series 3, Business Records contains correspondence on letterhead stationery and Series 11, Publicity contains promotional material from the various booking agencies, professional companies, and public relations firms that managed the Orchestra.

The materials in the Duke Ellington Collection provide insight into public and institutional attitudes towards African Americans in mid-twentieth-century America. The business records in Series 3 beginning in 1938 and published sheet music in Series 1 depict Duke Ellington's progression from an African-American musician who needed "legitimization" by a white publisher, Irving Mills, to a businessmen who established his own companies including Tempo Music and Duke Ellington, Incorporated to control his copyright and financial affairs. Programs from the segregated Cotton Club in Series 2, Performances And Programs and contracts with no-segregation clauses in Series 3: Business Records further illustrate racial policies and practices in this time period. The public shift in perception of Duke Ellington from a leader of an exotic "Jungle Band" in the 1930s to a recipient of the Congressional Medal Of Freedom in 1970 is evidenced in Series 2, Performances And Programs, Series 12, Posters, Series 7, Photographs and Series 13, Awards. Reviews and articles reflecting Ellington's evolving status are also documented in Series 8, Newspaper Clippings, Series 9, Scrapbooks, Series 10, Newspaper and Magazine Articles.

The materials in the Duke Ellington Collection reflect rapid technological changes in American society from 1923-1982. Sound recordings in Series 6 range from 78 phonograph records of three minutes duration manufactured for play on Victrolas in monaural sound to long-playing (LP) phonograph records produced for stereo record players. Television scripts in Series 4, programs in Series 2 and music manuscripts (for example, Drum Is A Woman) in Series 1 demonstrate how the development of television as a means of mass communication spread the Orchestra's sound to a wider audience. The availability of commercial air travel enabled the Ellington Orchestra to extend their international performances from Europe to other continents including tours to Asia, Africa, South America and Australia and archival material from these tours is included in every series.

Series 4, Scripts and Transcripts and Series 6, Audio Recordings contain scripts and radio performances promoting the sale of United States War bonds during World War II, and Series 7, Photographs includes many images of Duke Ellington and His Orchestra's performances for military personnel revealing the impact of historic events on Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Series 2: Programs and Performances, Series 9, Newspaper clippings and Series 8, Scrapbooks document the 1963 Far East tour aborted as a result of President John F. Kennedy's assassination.

The Duke Ellington Collection contains works by numerous twentieth-century music, literature, and art luminaries. Series 1, Music Manuscripts contains original music manuscripts of William Grant Still, Eubie Blake, Mary Lou Williams, and others. Series 4, Scripts and Transcripts contains a play by Langston Hughes, and Series 12, Posters contains many original artworks.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Music Manuscripts, circa 1930-1981, undated

Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1973, undated

Series 3: Business Records, 1938-1988

Series 4: Scripts and Transcripts, 1937-1970

Series 5: Personal Correspondence and Notes, 1941-1974, undated

Series 6: Sound Recordings, 1927-1974

Series 7: Photographs, 1924-1972, undated

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1931-1973

Series 9: Newspaper Clippings, 1939-1973, undated

Series 10: Magazine Articles and Newspaper Clippings, 1940-1974

Series 11: Publicity, 1935-1988

Series 12: Posters and Oversize Graphics, 1933-1989, undated

Series 13: Awards, 1939-1982

Series 14: Religious Material, 1928-1974

Series 15: Books, 1903-1980

Series 16: Miscellaneous, 1940-1974
Biographical / Historical:
A native of Washington, DC, Edward Kennedy Ellington was born on April 29, 1899. Edward was raised in a middle-class home in the Northwest section of Washington described by his sister Ruth--younger by sixteen years--as a "house full of love." Ellington himself wrote that his father J.E. (James Edward) raised his family "as though he were a millionaire" but Edward was especially devoted to his mother, Daisy Kennedy Ellington. In 1969, thirty-four years after his mother's death, Ellington accepted the Presidential Medal of Freedom with these words, "There is nowhere else I would rather be tonight but in my mother's arms." Both his parents played the piano and Ellington began piano lessons at the age of seven, but like many boys he was easily distracted by baseball.

In his early teens, Ellington sneaked into Washington clubs and performance halls where he was exposed to ragtime musicians, including James P. Johnson, and where he met people from all walks of life. He returned in earnest to his piano studies, and at age fourteen wrote his first composition, "Soda Fountain Rag" also known as "Poodle Dog Rag." Ellington was earning income from playing music at seventeen years of age, and around this time he earned the sobriquet "Duke" for his sartorial splendor and regal air. On July 2, 1918, he married a high school sweetheart, Edna Thompson; their only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington, was born on March 11, 1919. Duke Ellington spent the first twenty-four years of his life in Washington's culturally thriving Negro community. In this vibrant atmosphere he was inspired to be a composer and learned to take pride in his African-American heritage.

Ellington moved to New York City in 1923 to join and eventually lead a small group of transplanted Washington musicians called "The Washingtonians," which included future Ellington band members, Sonny Greer, Otto Hardwicke and "Bubber" Miley. Between 1923 and 1927, the group played at the Club Kentucky on Broadway and the ensemble increased from a quintet to a ten-piece orchestra. With stride pianist Willie "The Lion" Smith as his unofficial guide, Ellington soon became part of New York's music scene; Smith proved to be a long-lasting influence on Duke's composing and arranging direction. At the Club Kentucky, Ellington came under the tutelage of another legendary stride pianist, "Fats" Waller. Waller, a protege of Johnson and Smith, played solos during the band's breaks and also tutored Ellington who began to show progress in his compositions. In November 1924, Duke made his publishing and recording debut with "Choo Choo (I Got To Hurry Home)" released on the Blu-Disc label. In 1925, he contributed two songs to Chocolate Kiddies, an all-black revue which introduced European audiences to black American styles and performers. By this time Ellington's family, Edna and Mercer, had joined him in New York City. The couple separated in the late 1920's, but they never divorced or reconciled.

Ellington's achievements as a composer and bandleader began to attract national attention while he worked at the Cotton Club in Harlem, New York City, from 1927 to 1932. The orchestra developed a distinctive sound that displayed the non-traditional voicings of Ellington's arrangements and featured the unique talents of the individual soloists. Ellington integrated his soloists' exotic-sounding trombone growls and wah-wahs, their high-squealed trumpets, their sultry saxophone blues licks and Harlem's street rhythms into his arrangements. In the promotional material of the Cotton Club, the band was often billed as "Duke Ellington and His Jungle Band." With the success of compositions like "Mood Indigo," and an increasing number of recordings and national radio broadcasts from the Cotton Club, the band's reputation soared.

The ten years from 1932 to 1942 are considered by some major critics to represent the "golden age" for the Ellington Orchestra, but it represents just one of their creative peaks. These years did bring an influx of extraordinary new talent to the band including Jimmy Blanton on double bass, Ben Webster on tenor saxophone, and Ray Nance on trumpet, violin and vocals. During this ten year span Ellington composed several of his best known short works, including "Concerto For Cootie," "Ko-Ko," "Cotton Tail," "In A Sentimental Mood," and Jump For Joy, his first full-length musical stage revue.

Most notably, 1938 marked the arrival of Billy Strayhorn. While a teenager in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Strayhorn had already written "Lush Life," "Something To Live For" and a musical, Fantastic Rhythm. Ellington was initially impressed with Strayhorn's lyrics but realized long before Billy's composition "Take the A' Train" became the band's theme song in 1942 that Strayhorn's talents were not limited to penning clever lyrics. By 1942, "Swee' Pea" had become arranger, composer, second pianist, collaborator, and as Duke described him, "my right arm, my left arm, all the eyes in the back of my head, my brain waves in his head, and his in mine." Many Ellington/Strayhorn songs have entered the jazz canon, and their extended works are still being discovered and studied today. Strayhorn remained with the Ellington Organization until his death on May 30, 1967.

Ellington had often hinted of a work in progress depicting the struggle of blacks in America. The original script, Boola, debuted in Carnegie Hall in November of 1943, retitled Black, Brown and Beige. The performance met with mixed reviews, and although Ellington often returned to Carnegie Hall the piece was never recorded in a studio, and after 1944 was never performed in entirety again by the Ellington Orchestra. Nonetheless, it is now considered a milestone in jazz composition.

After World War II the mood and musical tastes of the country shifted and hard times befell big bands, but Ellington kept his band together. The band was not always financially self-sufficient and during the lean times Ellington used his songwriting royalties to meet the soloists' salaries. One could assign to Ellington the altruistic motive of loyalty to his sidemen, but another motivation may have been his compositional style which was rooted in hearing his music in the formative stage come alive in rehearsal. "The band was his instrument," Billy Strayhorn said, and no Ellington composition was complete until he heard the orchestra play it. Then he could fine tune his compositions, omit and augment passages, or weave a soloist's contribution into the structure of the tune.

In 1956, the American public rediscovered Duke and the band at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island. The searing performances of tenor saxophonist Paul Gonsalves on "Diminuendo and Crescendo In Blue," his premiere soloist, alto saxophonist Johnny Hodges on "Jeep's Blues", and the crowd's ecstatic reaction have become jazz legend. Later that year Duke landed on the cover of Time magazine. Although Ellington had previously written music for film and television (including the short film, Black and Tan Fantasy in 1929) it wasn't until 1959 that Otto Preminger asked him to score music for his mainstream film, Anatomy of a Murder, starring Jimmy Stewart. Paris Blues in 1961, featuring box-office stars Paul Newman and Sidney Poitier in roles as American jazz musicians in Paris, followed.

Ellington's first performance overseas was in England in 1933, but the 1960s brought extensive overseas tours including diplomatic tours sponsored by the State Department. Ellington and Strayhorn composed exquisite extended works reflecting the sights and sounds of their travels, including the Far East Suite, 1966. They wrote homages to their classical influences; in 1963, they adapted Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite and celebrated Shakespeare's works with the suite Such Sweet Thunder in 1957. With Ella Fitzgerald, they continued the Norman Granz Songbook Series. Ellington also began to flex his considerable pianist skills and recorded albums with John Coltrane (1963), Coleman Hawkins (1963), Frank Sinatra, and Money Jungle (1963) with Charles Mingus and Max Roach. The First Sacred Concert debuted in San Francisco's Grace Cathedral in 1965. In his final years, Ellington's thoughts turned to spiritual themes and he added a Second (1968) and Third (1973) Concert of Sacred Music to his compositions.

In his lifetime, Duke received numerous awards and honors including the highest honor bestowed on an American civilian, the Congressional Medal Of Freedom. In 1965, Ellington was recommended for a Pulitzer Prize to honor his forty years of contribution to music but the recommendation was rejected by the board. Most likely he was disappointed, but his response at the age of sixty-six was, "Fate is being kind to me. Fate doesn't want me to be famous too young."

Ellington never rested on his laurels or stopped composing. Whenever he was asked to name his favorite compositions his characteristic reply was "the next five coming up," but to please his loyal fans Ellington always featured some of his standards in every performance. Even on his deathbed, he was composing the opera buffo called Queenie Pie.

Duke Ellington died on May 24, 1974 at seventy-five years of age. His funeral was held in New York's Cathedral of St. John The Divine; he was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. His long-time companion Beatrice "Evie" Ellis was buried beside him after her death in 1976. He was survived by his only child, Mercer Kennedy Ellington, who not only took up the baton to lead the Duke Ellington Orchestra but assumed the task of caring for his father's papers and his legacy to the nation. Mercer Ellington died in Copenhagan, Denmark on February 8, 1996, at the age of seventy-six. Ruth Ellington Boatwright died in New York on March 6, 2004, at the age of eighty-eight. Both Mercer and Ruth were responsible for shepherding the documents and artifacts that celebrate Duke Ellington's genius and creative life to their current home in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

William H. Quealy Collection of Duke Ellington Recordings (AC0296)

Rutgers University Collection of Radio Interviews about Duke Ellington (AC0328)

Duke Ellington Oral History Project (AC0368)

Duke Ellington Collection of Ephemera and realated Audiovisual Materials (AC0386)

Annual International Conference of the Duke Ellington Study Group Proceedings (AC0385)

Robert Udkoff Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0388)

Frank Driggs Collection of Duke Ellington Photographic Prints (AC0389)

New York Chapter of the Duke Ellington Society Collection (AC390)

Earl Okin Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0391)

William Russo Transcription and Arrangement of Duke Ellington's First Concert of Sacred Music (AC0406)

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0415)

Music manuscripts in the Ruth Ellington Collection complement the music manuscripts found in the Duke Ellington Collection.

Carter Harman Collection of Interviews with Duke Ellington (AC0422)

Betty McGettigan Collection of Duke Ellington Memorabilia (AC0494)

Dr. Theodore Shell Collection of Duke Ellington Ephemera (AC0502)

Edward and Gaye Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0704)

Andrew Homzy Collection of Duke Ellington Stock Music Arrangements (AC0740)

John Gensel Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC0763)

Al Celley Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (AC1240)

Materials at Other Organizations

Institute of Jazz Studies
Separated Materials:
Artifacts related to this collection are in the Division of Culture and the Arts (now Division of Cultural and Community Life) and include trophies, plaques, and medals. See accessions: 1989.0369; 1991.0808; 1993.0032; and 1999.0148.

"
Provenance:
The collection was purchased through an appropriation of Congress in 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but the original and master audiovisual materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Copyright restrictions. Consult the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.

Paul Ellington, executor, is represented by:

Richard J.J. Scarola, Scarola Ellis LLP, 888 Seventh Avenue, 45th Floor, New York, New York 10106. Telephone (212) 757-0007 x 235; Fax (212) 757-0469; email: rjjs@selaw.com; www.selaw.com; www.ourlawfirm.com.
Occupation:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Topic:
Big bands  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Bandsmen -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- Performance  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
African Americans -- History  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Phonograph records
Papers
Photographic prints
Posters
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Music -- Manuscripts
Clippings
Awards
Audiotapes
Citation:
Duke Ellington Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0301
See more items in:
Duke Ellington Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0301
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Hilton Rufty, 1963 November 16

Interviewee:
Rufty, Hilton, 1909-1974  Search this
Rufty, Hilton, 1909-1974  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Subject:
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts  Search this
Music and state -- Virginia  Search this
Musicians -- Virginia -- Interviews  Search this
Theme:
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13088
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213783
AAA_collcode_rufty63
Theme:
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213783

Joseph Schillinger papers, 1934-1948

Creator:
Schillinger, Joseph, 1895-1943  Search this
Schillinger, Joseph, 1895-1943  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8610
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210790
AAA_collcode_schijose
Theme:
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210790

Paul Cadmus letters to Webster Aitken, 1945-1979

Creator:
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999  Search this
Subject:
Kirstein, Lincoln  Search this
Kirstein, Fidelma  Search this
Aitken, Webster  Search this
Topic:
Pianists  Search this
Art -- Technique  Search this
Musicians  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5622
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208456
AAA_collcode_cadmpaul
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208456
Online Media:

Fluted Perfume Bottle from the Short Film Date with Duke by George Pal

Maker; producer:
Pal, George  Search this
User:
Walter Lantz Production  Search this
Maker:
Pal, George  Search this
Physical Description:
adhesive (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
paint (overall material)
sequins (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/4 in x 3 1/2 in x 2 1/4 in; 10.795 cm x 8.89 cm x 5.715 cm
Object Name:
figure, animation
Date made:
1947
Subject:
Animation  Search this
Music  Search this
Motion Pictures  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Elisabeth Pal
ID Number:
1983.0361.05A
Accession number:
1983.0361
Catalog number:
1983.0361.05A
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Movies
Jazz
Movie Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-4beb-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1182907

Octagonal Perfume Bottle from Animated Film Date with Duke by George Pal

Maker; producer:
Pal, George  Search this
User:
Walter Lantz Production  Search this
Maker:
Pal, George  Search this
Physical Description:
adhesive (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
sequins (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 3/4 in; x 9.525 cm
Object Name:
figure, animation
Place made:
United States: California, Los Angeles
Date made:
1947
Subject:
Animation  Search this
Music  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Elisabeth Pal
ID Number:
1983.0361.05B
Accession number:
1983.0361
Catalog number:
1983.0361.05B
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Movies
Popular Entertainment
Jazz
Movie Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b2-8349-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1182908

Perfume Bottle Heads from Animated Film Date with Duke by George Pal

Maker; producer:
Pal, George  Search this
User:
Walter Lantz Production  Search this
Maker:
Pal, George  Search this
Physical Description:
glass (overall material)
adhesive (overall material)
plaster (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
felt (overall material)
sequins (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 1/2 in x 5 1/4 in x 1 3/4 in; 11.43 cm x 13.335 cm x 4.445 cm
Object Name:
figures, animation
Place made:
United States: California, Los Angeles
Date made:
1947
Subject:
Animation  Search this
Motion Pictures  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Elisabeth Pal
ID Number:
1983.0361.05C
Accession number:
1983.0361
Catalog number:
1983.0361.05C
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Entertainment
Movies
Popular Entertainment
Jazz
Movie Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-4e55-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1182909

Verdi - Aïda (Highlights)

Published by:
RCA Records, founded 1901  Search this
Recorded by:
Leontyne Price, American, born 1927  Search this
Jon Vickers, Canadian, 1926 - 2015  Search this
Rita Gorr, Belgian, 1926 - 2012  Search this
Robert Merrill, American, 1917 - 2004  Search this
Giorgio Tozzi, American, 1923 - 2011  Search this
Medium:
magnetic tape, paper, plastic
Dimensions:
Diameter (tape reel): 7 × 1/2 in. (17.8 × 1.3 cm)
H x W x D (reel box): 7 7/16 × 7 7/16 × 3/4 in. (18.9 × 18.9 × 1.9 cm)
Type:
audiotapes
Date:
1962
Topic:
African American  Search this
Classical (Music)  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Opera (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.68.10ab
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Audio Recordings
Exhibition:
Musical Crossroads
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5bcc15e3c-c60a-437e-9cb4-6ada0e255568
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.68.10ab

Three Times A Lady

Published by:
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc., founded 1919  Search this
Composed by:
Lionel Richie, American, born 1949  Search this
Recorded by:
Commodores, American, founded 1968  Search this
Subject of:
Motown Record Corporation, American, founded 1959  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 12 × 9 1/16 × 1/16 in. (30.5 × 23 × 0.2 cm)
Type:
sheet music
Date:
1978
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Funk (Music)  Search this
Soul (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.68.4
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Sheet music
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd537c6f2b3-502b-46b5-954f-87c2eb62425d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.68.4

Lester Bowie, Sweet Basil, NYC

Photograph by:
Anthony Barboza, American, born 1944  Search this
Subject of:
Lester Bowie, American, 1941 - 1999  Search this
Sweet Basil, American, 1974 - 2001  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (sheet): 14 × 11 in. (35.5 × 27.9 cm)
H x W (image): 8 × 12 7/16 in. (20.3 × 31.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place captured:
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1980s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Nightlife  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.99.25
Restrictions & Rights:
© Anthony Barboza
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5b6b712b8-07d5-4cf1-bcb3-dc8a2c786fff
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.99.25
Online Media:

Sun Ra at Knitting Factory

Photograph by:
Anthony Barboza, American, born 1944  Search this
Subject of:
Sun Ra, American, 1914 - 1993  Search this
Created by:
Knitting Factory, American, founded 1987  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (sheet): 7 15/16 × 9 7/8 in. (20.2 × 25.1 cm)
H x W (image): 5 1/2 × 8 1/16 in. (14 × 20.5 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Date:
late 1980s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2016.99.5
Restrictions & Rights:
© Anthony Barboza
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5a628282d-6cec-4717-91e6-ba9403f6b1d6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2016.99.5
Online Media:

Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award issued to Ella Jenkins

Created by:
The National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences, American, founded 1957  Search this
Subject of:
Ella Jenkins, American, born 1924  Search this
Medium:
crystal (material by form) with plastic, reflective glass, foam and adhesive
Dimensions:
H x W x D (.1a Crystal): 5 3/4 × 4 1/8 × 4 in. (14.6 × 10.5 × 10.2 cm)
H x W x D (.1b Base): 3/4 × 5 1/4 × 5 1/4 in. (1.9 × 13.3 × 13.3 cm)
Type:
trophies (prizes)
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
2004
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Folk (Music)  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Ella Jenkins
Object number:
2018.7.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© The National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Awards and Medals
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5f50b5053-3670-4839-baab-25266911c363
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.7.1ab
Online Media:

You'll Sing a Song and I'll Sing a Song

Produced by:
Smithsonian Folkways, American, founded 1987  Search this
Distributed by:
Rounder Records, American, founded 1970  Search this
Recorded by:
Ella Jenkins, American, born 1924  Search this
Photograph by:
Bernadelle Richter, American, born 1939  Search this
Medium:
2018.7.2a: vinyl with ink on paper;
2018.7.2bc: ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (.2a LP): 11 7/8 × 11 7/8 in. (30.2 × 30.2 cm)
H x W (.2b Jacket): 12 3/8 × 12 1/4 in. (31.4 × 31.1 cm)
H x W (.2c Informational Insert): 9 1/16 × 7 7/8 in. (23 × 20 cm)
Type:
record covers
long-playing records
Place made:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1966; reissued 1989
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Folk (Music)  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Spirituals (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Ella Jenkins
Object number:
2018.7.2abc
Restrictions & Rights:
Audio recording © 1989 Smithsonian Folkways
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Audio Recordings
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5891d4780-83fe-4d93-ac03-4d2b6b1d9e92
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.7.2abc
Online Media:

Sony microphone used in the studio by Luther Vandross

Manufactured by:
Sony Corporation, Japanese, founded 1946  Search this
Owned by:
Luther Vandross, American, 1951 - 2005  Search this
Used by:
Luther Vandross, American, 1951 - 2005  Search this
Medium:
a. ink on plastic with metal, rubber, foam, and leather;
b. ink on plastic with metal and foam;
c. ink on plastic with metal;
d. metal;
e. plastic with metal;
f. plastic
Dimensions:
H x W x D (a: case): 12 1/2 × 17 1/2 × 7 in. (31.8 × 44.5 × 17.8 cm)
H x W x D (b: microphone): 7 1/2 × 9 1/2 × 2 in. (19.1 × 24.1 × 5.1 cm)
H x W x D (c: circular topper): 7 × 3 3/4 × 2 in. (17.8 × 9.5 × 5.1 cm)
H x W x D (d: silver cylinder): 2 7/8 × 1/2 × 1/2 in. (7.3 × 1.3 × 1.3 cm)
H x W x D (e: black small cylinder): 1 × 3/4 × 3/4 in. (2.5 × 1.9 × 1.9 cm)
H x W x D (f: small black circle): 1/2 × 15/16 × 15/16 in. (1.3 × 2.4 × 2.4 cm)
Type:
microphones
Place used:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1980s - 1990s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Rhythm and blues (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Seveda Williams in Celebration of the Musical Legacy of her Uncle, Luther Vandross
Object number:
2018.86.1a-f
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Tools and Equipment-Audiovisual
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd521735f5c-9c8f-49c0-a3a3-aaeab5546475
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.86.1a-f

Suit jacket worn by Luther Vandross

Created by:
Tony Chase, American, 1952- ca. 1990  Search this
Owned by:
Luther Vandross, American, 1951 - 2005  Search this
Worn by:
Luther Vandross, American, 1951 - 2005  Search this
Medium:
polyester, silk, rhinestone, plastic, and thread
Dimensions:
H x W: 30 1/2 × 22 1/2 in. (77.5 × 57.2 cm)
Type:
jackets
Date:
1980s
Topic:
African American  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Costume  Search this
Rhythm and blues (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Seveda Williams in Celebration of the Musical Legacy of her Uncle, Luther Vandross
Object number:
2018.86.2
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Costume
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd599eb84ef-b643-4e5a-89d2-bd784e21700e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.86.2
Online Media:

Lyrics for “Dance with My Father” handwritten by Luther Vandross

Written by:
Luther Vandross, American, 1951 - 2005  Search this
Owned by:
Luther Vandross, American, 1951 - 2005  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 5/8 × 5 7/8 in. (19.4 × 14.9 cm)
Type:
songs
Date:
2003
Topic:
African American  Search this
Children  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Families  Search this
Fatherhood  Search this
Religion  Search this
Rhythm and blues (Music)  Search this
Singers (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Fonzi Thornton in Memory of Luther Vandross
Object number:
2018.87
Restrictions & Rights:
© Estate of Luther Vandross. Permission required for use.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Sheet music
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd51fb8d47e-6801-43a2-934d-6f57ff062b29
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.87
Online Media:

Grand piano owned and used by Thelonious Monk

Manufactured by:
Baldwin Piano Company, American, founded 1862  Search this
Used by:
Thelonious Monk, American, 1917 - 1982  Search this
Medium:
wood, iron, metal, ivory, ebony
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 38 5/8 × 58 1/2 × 70 in. (98.1 × 148.6 × 177.8 cm)
Type:
grand pianos
Place made:
Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1962
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of T.S. and Gale Monk in memory of Thelonious Monk
Object number:
2018.89.1
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Musical Instruments
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd527481cda-7a75-4789-b739-2570d1f070fe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.89.1

Piano bench owned and used by Thelonious Monk

Manufactured by:
Baldwin Piano Company, American, founded 1862  Search this
Used by:
Thelonious Monk, American, 1917 - 1982  Search this
Medium:
wood, metal, foam, vinyl
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 19 5/16 × 33 7/16 × 15 9/16 in. (49 × 85 × 39.5 cm)
Type:
benches
grand pianos
Place made:
Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1962
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of T.S. and Gale Monk in memory of Thelonious Monk
Object number:
2018.89.2
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Musical Instruments
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd54b907b96-9a7c-440c-96ff-405e94813aae
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2018.89.2

Alto saxophone owned and played by Charlie Parker

Manufactured by:
H. N. White Company, American, 1893 - 1965  Search this
Otto Link & Co. Inc., American, founded 1931  Search this
Rico, American, founded 1928  Search this
Used by:
Charlie Parker, American, 1920 - 1955  Search this
Owned by:
Charlie Parker, American, 1920 - 1955  Search this
Medium:
brass (alloy), silver, mother of pearl, cork (bark)
Dimensions:
H x W x D (assembled saxophone): 26 3/4 × 5 1/8 × 13 3/4 in. (68 × 13 × 35 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1a): 22 1/16 × 8 7/8 × 4 3/4 in. (56 × 22.5 × 12 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1b): 7 1/2 × 1 15/16 × 1 9/16 in. (19 × 5 × 4 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1c): 7/8 × 1 3/16 × 1 3/16 in. (2.2 × 3 × 3 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1d): 3 1/8 × 1 × 1 in. (8 × 2.5 × 2.5 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1e): 2 9/16 × 9/16 × 1/8 in. (6.5 × 1.5 × 0.3 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1f): 3 1/8 × 1 3/16 × 1 3/16 in. (8 × 3 × 3 cm)
H x W x D (2019.10.1g): 13/16 × 1 3/16 × 1 3/16 in. (2 × 3 × 3 cm)
Type:
saxophones
Place made:
Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1947
Topic:
African American  Search this
Composers (Musicians)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz (Music)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2019.10.1a-g
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Musical Instruments
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e3f589a6-d9da-4cda-8dc0-4f40cb8d268f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2019.10.1a-g
Online Media:

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