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[Civil War Memorial]

Publisher:
G. C. Robinson, Haverhill, [Mass.]  Search this
Designer:
Weeks, Calvin H.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (black and white)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Date:
circa 1869-1875
General:
Historic Series title : Haverhill and Vicinity
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Monuments  Search this
statues  Search this
Urban parks  Search this
Fences  Search this
Trees  Search this
People  Search this
Men  Search this
Women  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic Gardens Stereograph Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.STR, Item STR011019
See more items in:
Historic gardens Stereograph collection
Historic gardens Stereograph collection / Gardens and Landscapes / United States / Massachusetts / Haverhill -- Civil War Memorial
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6c875dcc9-6c3e-421f-90f8-cb08b7d236b5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-str-ref4478

Haverhill -- Civil War Memorial

Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic Gardens Stereograph Collection.
See more items in:
Historic gardens Stereograph collection
Historic gardens Stereograph collection / Gardens and Landscapes / United States / Massachusetts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6729fffb9-534f-4f28-b015-342926bf05b8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-str-ref4477

Civil War Newspaper clippings (Chas. Bedman)

Collection Owner:
Bedman, John  Search this
Bedman, James  Search this
Bedman, Joseph  Search this
Bedman, Frank  Search this
Bedman, Charles  Search this
Collection Founder:
Bedman, William  Search this
Collection Creator:
Bedman Brothers Rahway, New Jersey.  Search this
Bedman Brothers  Search this
William Bedman Seed Company (Rahway, New Jersey)  Search this
Collection Investor:
Thorburn, James  Search this
Container:
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
circa 1860s
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Bedman Brothers Company Records.
See more items in:
Bedman Brothers Company records
Bedman Brothers Company records / Series 5: Scrapbooks
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb694fbf721-6eda-42c7-a479-218dc5bc8989
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-bed-ref259

Memphis -- Annesdale

Former owner:
Snowden, Robert Boagardus Col  Search this
Brinkley, Annie Overton  Search this
Todd, Thomas H. Jr.  Search this
Snowden, J. Bayard  Search this
Provenance:
Memphis Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Annesdale (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennesee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and additional information.
General:
This garden was designed by an unknown Italian landscape designer with an additional re-design executed during the 1920s and 1940s. The Italian-style antebellum home, once a country estate, is set on a hill in the heart of the city of Memphis. It was screened from urban traffic by a dense grove of magnolias, tulip poplars and oaks. The property was named 'Annesdale' by Colonel Robert Bogardus Snowden after his wife, Annie Overton Brinkley of Nashville in the mid to late 1800s. The original farm included vegetable and flower gardens tended by Itailian gardeners. Plantings included roses and peonies.
In the 1970s, Annesdale was comprised of eight acres. A two-story ornamental iron balcony overlooked formal flower beds outlined by curving pathways. On the west side of the porte-cochère are two wrought iron gates opening on the boxwood allee leading to the circular pool and fountain.
In 2005, the garden still included elements of the original Italiante design. Portions of the garden were surrounded with brick walls and garden features included two ornamental pools and nineteenth century statuary.
The tower on the front of the house was used as a lookout during the Civil War. Like many other Southern mansions, Annesdale was used as a hospital during the Civil War.
Persons associated with the property include: Col. and Mrs. Robert Bogardus Snowden (former owner, mid to late 1800s), Mr. and Mrs. J. Bayard Snowden (former owner, dates unknown), Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Todd, Jr. (former owner, 1950s?-2010).
Related Materials:
Annesdale related holdings consist of 2 folders (8 35 mm. slides (photographs))
See others in:
Hollerith Family slide collection, 1952-1998.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TN005
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6f7f6d5ca-7336-4618-a947-b160c99b28a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10902

Memphis -- Annesdale

Creator:
Snowden, Robert Boagardus Col  Search this
Brinkley, Annie Overton  Search this
Todd, Thomas H. Jr.  Search this
Snowden, J. Bayard  Search this
Memphis Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hollerith family  Search this
Hollerith, Herman, 1860-1929  Search this
Garden Club of America  Search this
Georgetown Garden Club  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Hollerith, Lucia Beverly, 1891-1982  Search this
Hollerith, Nannie Talcott, 1898-1985  Search this
Hollerith, Virginia  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Annesdale (Memphis, Tennessee)
United States of America -- Tennessee -- Shelby County -- Memphis
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and additional information.
General:
This garden was designed by an unknown Italian landscape designer with an additional re-design executed during the 1920s and 1940s. The Italian-style antebellum home, once a country estate, is set on a hill in the heart of the city of Memphis. It was screened from urban traffic by a dense grove of magnolias, tulip poplars and oaks. The property was named 'Annesdale' by Colonel Robert Bogardus Snowden after his wife, Annie Overton Brinkley of Nashville in the mid to late 1800s. The original farm included vegetable and flower gardens tended by Itailian gardeners. Plantings included roses and peonies.
In the 1970s, Annesdale was comprised of eight acres. A two-story ornamental iron balcony overlooked formal flower beds outlined by curving pathways. On the west side of the porte-cochère are two wrought iron gates opening on the boxwood allee leading to the circular pool and fountain.
In 2005, the garden still included elements of the original Italiante design. Portions of the garden were surrounded with brick walls and garden features included two ornamental pools and nineteenth century statuary.
The tower on the front of the house was used as a lookout during the Civil War. Like many other Southern mansions, Annesdale was used as a hospital during the Civil War.
Persons associated with the property include: Col. and Mrs. Robert Bogardus Snowden (former owner, mid to late 1800s), Mr. and Mrs. J. Bayard Snowden (former owner, dates unknown), Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Todd, Jr. (former owner, 1950s?-2010).
Related Materials:
Annesdale related holdings consist of 2 folders (8 35 mm. slides (photographs))
See others in:
Garden Club of America collection, ca. 1920-[ongoing].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Tennessee -- Memphis  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Hollerith Family Slide Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HOL, File TN005
See more items in:
Hollerith Family slide collection
Hollerith Family slide collection / Gardens and Sites / Tennessee
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb60bfa234e-8e4d-4b4c-8acc-5a44758aa467
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-hol-ref312

Goose Creek -- Medway Plantation

Architect:
van der Gracht, Ides  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shipman, Ellen  Search this
Creator:
Little Garden Club of Rye--provenance.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Medway Plantation,(Goose Creek, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Berkeley County -- Goose Creek
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, plant lists, and photocopies of articles.
General:
Medway Plantation comprises 6700 acres of longleaf and loblolly pine, live oaks, tupelo, swampland and lakes as well as the oldest masonry house in South Carolina. An ornamental garden with irregularly-shaped beds and serpentine paths, known as Miss Lou's garden, was redesigned in the 1930s by Ellen Biddle Shipman. The earlier garden was described as a bird sanctuary and nursery growing anise and Chinese bay trees, azaleas, fringe trees, roses, flowering almond, lilacs, spireas, myrtle, and yellow Jessamine, with wisteria growing up into deciduous trees. The surplus from Miss Lou's garden was planted in long borders alongside three shallow brick terraces, and along paths that led to a schoolhouse on the property. The current drive to the house has double borders of live oak trees hung with Spanish moss that were first planted after the Civil War. In the 1930s architect Ides van der Gracht designed a greenhouse with stepped gables, echoing that feature from the house, and added serpentine brick walls surrounding a garden of flowers and vegetables, on the site of the historic kitchen garden. Prior to the Civil War rice was cultivated at Medway Plantation, followed by cotton and the current crop, timber.
Medway Plantation was first organized as a land grant to Johan (or Jan) van Aerssen in the last quarter of the 17th century. He started the original house which during its long history was burned and rebuilt, nearly abandoned and used only as a hunting lodge, and finally renovated. The house has unusual stepped gables in the Dutch style, reflecting the van Aerssen heritage. After van Aerssen's death circa 1867 and the remarriage of his widow, Sabina de Vignon to Thomas Smith in 1689, the property came into the prominent South Carolina Smith family.
In the early days land parcels routinely were acquired and sold and the dimensions of Medway Plantation changed frequently, finally ending up at 6700 acres under the ownership of Sidney J. and Gertrude S. Legendre in the 20th century, who had purchased and annexed neighboring plantations. Before her death in 2000 Gertrude Legendre put the property in a non-profit foundation with a conservation easement to preserve the pine forests, wetlands, and wildlife. It is recognized as a breeding site for endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers, bald eagles, wood ducks and wintering ring-necked ducks, and provides habitat for deer, turkey and quail.
Persons associated with the garden include Johan van Aerssen (former owner and builder of original house, 1686-circa 1688); Sabina de Vignon, (former owner, 1688-1689); Thomas Smith and members of the Smith family (former owners, 1689-1701); Edward Hyrne (former owner, 1701-1711); Peter Gaillard Stoney and family (former owners, 1833-1930); Sidney J. and Gertrude Sanford Legendre (former owners, 1930-1993; Ides van Waterschoot van der Gracht (architect, 1930s); Ellen Biddle Shipman (landscape architect, 1930s).
Related Materials:
Medway Plantation related holdings consist of 2 folders (2 35mm slides (photographs), 34 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- South Carolina -- Goose Creek  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File SC082
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6eef92d46-4ed6-41e2-8ee9-f17ee6b00d50
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12480

[Miscellaneous Sites in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania]: State Street from North Third Street

Collection Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print ((mounted on cardboard), black and white, mount 8.5 x 10.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Dauphin County -- Harrisburg
Date:
08/15/1905
General note:
Grace United Methodist Church seen on the right. The Dauphin County Veteran's Memorial Obelisk can be seen in the background. This monument was originally erected in the middle of a park located at North Second and State Streets as a tribute to Dauphin County's Civil War soldiers. The monument was moved in 1960 to Third and Division Streets in the Uptown section of Harrisburg.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Obelisks  Search this
Church buildings  Search this
Trees  Search this
Avenues  Search this
Memorials  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Company Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF, Item PA297002
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland Company collection
J. Horace McFarland Company collection / Series 1: Garden Images / United States / Pennsylvania / PA297: Harrisburg -- Miscellaneous Sites in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66b8ae167-a367-4ddc-b15d-8a064d684ff9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mcf-ref13492
Online Media:

Charles City -- Hickory Hill

Former owner:
Wickham, Henry T. Mrs  Search this
Landscape architect:
Shurcliff, Arthur A. (Arthur Asahel), 1870-1957  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hollerith family  Search this
Hollerith, Herman, 1860-1929  Search this
Garden Club of America  Search this
Georgetown Garden Club  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Hollerith, Lucia Beverly, 1891-1982  Search this
Hollerith, Nannie Talcott, 1898-1985  Search this
Hollerith, Virginia  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Hickory Hill (Charles City, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Charles City County -- Charles City
Scope and Contents:
Folders include work sheets and copies of articles.
General:
Hickory Hill was once an addition to Shirley-on-the-James. The house and garden were begun in 1820, when William Fanning Wickham and his wife, Anne Carter, moved on the estate. The grounds and garden were laid out on broad and long lines with avenues lined with cedar and box. The garden is a rectangular plot 355 feet by 440 feet. (Christian and Massie, 1962) A central focal point is a "box-walk" of Sempervirens boxwood. The gardens were damaged during the Civil War when armies swept over the property, but subsequent attempts were made at restoration.
Persons associated with the property include: William Carter Wickham (former owner); Captain Williams Carter Wickham (former owner); and Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. Wickham (former owners).
Related Materials:
Hickory Hill related holdings consist of 1 folder (4 glass lantern slides and 1 35 mm. slide)
See others in:
Garden Club of America Collection, ca. 1920-[ongoing].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Charles City  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Hollerith Family Slide Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HOL, File VA005
See more items in:
Hollerith Family slide collection
Hollerith Family slide collection / Gardens and Sites / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb682215b58-37d1-4cc4-a1ab-bb864f3687ad
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-hol-ref610

Moncks Corner -- South Mulberry Plantation

Former owner:
Broughton, Philip S.  Search this
Barker, Sanford W.  Search this
Chapman, Clarence  Search this
Provenance:
Little Garden Club of Rye  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
South Mulberry Plantation (Moncks Corner, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Berkeley County -- Moncks Corner
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, and other information.
General:
Located on nine hundred and one acres, South Mulberry Plantation was established in 1809 and created out of the larger Mulberry Plantation when Philip S. Broughton inherited the tract from his father. Broughton's son-in-law and botanist Dr.Sanford W. Barker, constructed the house on South Mulberry Plantation around 1835 and probably laid out the formal garden west of the house which remains to this day. The garden has borders of boxwood and pittosporum growing along the original pierced brick wall that edges the entire garden area. A path leading through the center of the garden is flanked by semicircular areas of flowering plants that mimic those found in the original garden. A reflecting pool is at one end accompanied by a bench and potted palms. A sweet potato vine climbs an arbor outside the garden wall.
The house retains much of its original interior fabric. Side additions were added before the Civil War and a rear wing was added at the turn of the century by a duck hunting club. Other buildings on the property include: a guest house, ice house, chicken coop, barns and an old slave cabin turned art studio. A pecan grove, pastures, woodlands, fields, pond and lagoon are also part of the plantation landscape. Fallen into disrepair by the 1980's, the property was once more reunited with its parent Mulberry and has been carefully restored and furnished by the current owners.
Persons associated with the property include: Philip S. Broughton (former owner, 1809-1835), Dr. Sanford W. Barker (former owner, 1835-1915), Clarence Chapman (former owner, 1915-1987).
Related Materials:
South Mulberry Plantation related holdings consist of 1 folder (14 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- South Carolina -- Moncks Corner  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File SC104
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb67684740c-2077-4dc5-9160-365dc4cd32c9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12490

North East -- Grimshaw Glen

Former owner:
Grimshaw, Benjamin  Search this
Grimshaw, Sarah  Search this
Grimshaw, William  Search this
Grimshaw, Jane  Search this
Grimshaw, Robert  Search this
Grimshaw, Beulah  Search this
Provenance:
Carrie T. Watson Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Grimshaw Glen (North East, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Erie -- North East
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, historical images and a bibliography.
General:
This property has been owned by members of the Grimshaw family since the Civil War and has been the site of a water-powered woolen mill, a cider mill, and a winery. The one-acre garden still has mature nut and locust trees planted by previous generations but their fruit trees and plants have been replaced by more than 200 varieties of rhododendron and azaleas and a hosta collection that thrive in the dappled shade. Ivy-draped ruins of industrial buildings remain as does the Craftsman-style family home that was built in stages using wood from the property. In 2015 the current owners purchased the adjacent hill, four acres of vineyards and a winery that were part of the original holding. The tailrace of the old mill has become a bog garden planted with marsh marigold, yellow flag iris, Joe Pye weed, primula and ligularia. Wildflowers border the banks of the creek that runs through the property.
In 1845 a water-powered wool mill was built and business thrived until the mill burned down in 1883. A water-powered cider mill was built on the same location, and due to the proliferation of local concord grape vineyards the business turned to making wine by 1906. Production was halted by Prohibition in 1919 when federal agents were said to have dumped 50,000 gallons of wine into the creek.
Persons associated with the garden include Benjamin and Sarah Grimshaw (former owners, 1864-1873); William and Jane Grimshaw (former owners, 1873-1911); Robert and Beulah Grimshaw (former owners, 1911-1976).
Related Materials:
Grimshaw Glen related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- North East  Search this
Bog gardens  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File PA821
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6df31c0fb-118e-4d86-9060-3fc0769c23b3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16492

[United States Arsenal at Augusta]: copy of photograph?

Provenance:
Bush, William G., Mrs.  Search this
Creator:
Maxwell, Jeff  Search this
United States Arsenal  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (lantern slide, hand-colored, 3.25 x 4 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Georgia -- Augusta
United States of America -- Georgia -- Richmond County -- Augusta
Date:
[between 1914 and 1949?]
Former Title:
Augusta College

Augusta State University campus house present name.
General:
The Augusta Arsenal was the only U.S. arsenal built in the southeast. The United States Arsenal at Augusta was built in 1819 at a site located on the Savannah River. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War the arsenal was turned over to the Confederacy and remained in the possession of the Confederate States until the end of the war when it was returned to the federal government. The 1930's HABS survey notes that a rose garden with a stone sundial in the center existed next to the men's library building.The Augusta Arsenal remained in operation until it was closed in 1955. The arsenal is now part of Augusta University.
Mount reads: "Montely (in type on the slide)."
Historic plate number: "15."
Historic plate caption: "On the slide: Armory of the United States Arsenal."
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Historic buildings  Search this
Ordnance  Search this
Trees  Search this
Cannonballs  Search this
Gardens -- Georgia -- Augusta  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item GA018001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Georgia / GA018: Augusta -- United States Arsenal at Augusta
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6c0198066-1c64-4059-b22d-078b247003be
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref23487

Natchez -- Longwood Plantation

Architect:
Sloan, Samuel  Search this
Owner:
Pilgrimage Garden Club  Search this
Nutt, Haller  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
United States of America -- Mississippi -- Adams County -- Natchez
Longwood Plantation (Natchez, Mississippi)
General:
Longwood Plantation was located on eighty-six acres south of Natchez, Mississippi. The property was purchased in 1850 by Haller Nutt (1816-1864), who earned his fortune farming sugar and cotton in Louisiana and Mississippi. The purchase of Longwood was inspired by his wife Julia, who had always been fond of Natchez. From 1860 to 1873, Longwood was the site of geometrically-patterned gardens, trees and allées following the drive, and vast rose gardens. The gardens once covered fifteen acres of the land surrounding the house, with a full ten of the acres planted in roses. Anecdotes state that the gardens were so large that Julia Nutt had to take a horse and carriage out whenever she wanted to pick flowers. The grounds also included a small bowling alley for the family's amusement and large peach and pear tree orchards and vegetable gardens, which Julia used to feed her family when they had fallen on hard times. Surviving records suggest that Mark Kyle, a Philadelphia gardener and landscape architect had a hand in the creation of the gardens at Longwood. When the home was designed, it included four verandas overlooking the gardens and shaded by the ancient oak trees that grew on the plantation.

The house on Longwood Plantation, also known as the Octagon House or Nutt's Folly, was designed by the Philadelphia architect Samuel Sloan beginning in 1859. The octagonal house design was popular during the 1850's throughout the United States, and the form was praised for its utility and cheapness. Longwood is the largest and grandest of the octagon houses built in the United States. The Oriental Revival style residence uniquely combines both Moslem and Italianate architecture with the eclecticism and exotic romanticism, which flourished in mid-nineteenth-century American architecture. Constructed from 1860 to 1862, the palatial structure is an eight-sided, two and one-half story, brick house over a full basement and topped with a large onion-shaped "Moorish" dome. The scale of the house is immense, spanning 30,000 feet, and including thirty-two rooms, eight verandas, four porches, 115 doors, twenty-six fireplaces, twenty-four closets, twenty-six coal-burning fireplaces, and a rotunda that opens to the cupola. Construction was halted in 1861 when the Civil War broke out, with only the exterior and nine rooms on the basement level completed. In 1862, Nutt finished the basement level, and the family moved into this completed section of the mansion. The estate also included several planned outbuildings, many of which were never used for their intended purpose. These structures, still standing today, include the kitchen, necessary (privy), slave's quarters, carriage house, and stables. The Nutt family's cemetery was also kept on the grounds at a considerable distance to the southwest of the mansion.

From the first floor up through the third, the house remained an incomplete, empty shell due to the severe financial losses caused by the Civil War. By the time of his death in 1864, Nutt was deeply in debt and his unfinished home came to be known as Nutt's Folly, a symbol of his financial fall. Haller Nutt died in the home in 1864, and his wife, Julia, remained in residence until her death in 1897. The property remained in the possession of the Nutt family until 1968, when it was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Kelly McAdams, who in turn sold it to the Pilgrimage Garden Club of Natchez. In 1969, Longwood was added to the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. Sadly, during this time the once spacious and well-tended gardens fell into a state of disrepair, with only the path of the driveway remaining from the original garden plan. When the Pilgrimage Garden Club began restorations there were no visible surface signs of the former gardens of Longwood Plantation. The Pilgrimage Garden Club still owns Longwood today and operates it as a historic house museum and offers tours. Despite the fact that Longwood was never completed on the interior above the basement level, the exterior detailing has survived in an amazing state of preservation. The vast upper stories remain just as the workmen left them in 1861, which provides an opportunity to see a mid-19th-century house under construction. Together with the papers of the owner, Haller Nutt, and the architect, Samuel Sloan, Longwood offers a comprehensive view of the creative process and architectural theory of the period.

Persons associated include: Haller Nutt (former owner), Samuel Sloan (architect), Mark Kyle (possibly landscape architect), Mr. and Mrs. Kelly McAdams (former owner), and the Pilgrimage Garden Club (owner).
Postcard circa 1915-1950.
Varying Form:
Also known as Nutt's Folly and the Octagon House.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Mississippi -- Natchez  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Spanish moss  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Rose gardens  Search this
Architecture, Moorish Revival  Search this
Domes  Search this
Plantations  Search this
Live oak  Search this
Porches  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File MS030
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / Mississippi
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb632167fa4-33cb-4e81-992b-0b0fbf4c44f4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1455

Edisto Island -- Oak Island Plantation

Creator:
Seabrook, William E.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Oak Island Plantation (Edisto Island, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Edisto Island
General:
See the Western Reserve Historical Society for the original images.
Further sources of information about Oak Island Plantation include: Garden Club of America. Gardens of Colony and State: Gardens and Gardeners of the American Colonies and of the Republic before 1840. New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1931-1934.
Related Materials:
Oak Island Plantation related holdings consist of 4 35mm slides (photographs) and 1 file folder.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Garden houses  Search this
Aerial views  Search this
Porticoes  Search this
Colonnades  Search this
Men  Search this
Civil war -- South Carolina  Search this
Plantations  Search this
African Americans  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File SC056
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6738c8990-e7a8-4a38-a7f1-b0d874bb022f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12500

Oak Island Plantation: approach and formal garden as seen shortly after occupation by Union Troops.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (black-and-white.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Oak Island Plantation (Edisto Island, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Edisto Island
Date:
1865
General:
See book about Edisto by Nell Saunders Graydon, 1968.
Further sources of information about Oak Island Plantation include: Garden Club of America. Gardens of Colony and State: Gardens and Gardeners of the American Colonies and of the Republic before 1840. New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1931-1934.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Formal gardens  Search this
Urban parks  Search this
Men  Search this
Plantations  Search this
Civil war -- South Carolina  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC056001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC056: Edisto Island -- Oak Island Plantation
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6e9eba18b-456b-421c-9398-80b9129c3793
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12919

Oak Island Plantation: woman carrying long hoe used to cultivate cotton.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (black-and-white.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
Oak Island Plantation (Edisto Island, South Carolina)
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Edisto Island
Date:
1900
General:
Further sources of information about Oak Island Plantation include: Garden Club of America. Gardens of Colony and State: Gardens and Gardeners of the American Colonies and of the Republic before 1840. New York: C. Scribner's sons, 1931-1934.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
African-American gardeners  Search this
Agricultural land  Search this
Rivers  Search this
Piers  Search this
Hoes  Search this
Women  Search this
Men  Search this
Plantations  Search this
Civil war -- South Carolina  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC056002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC056: Edisto Island -- Oak Island Plantation
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb66d35b7bc-3066-46de-b1d6-d37f3b7bd287
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12920

Washington -- O Street, Georgetown Garden

Former owner:
Little, Louis General USMC  Search this
Thayer, Robert H. Hon.  Search this
Wilmerding, John  Search this
Brown, Carter, Mrs.  Search this
Landscape architect:
Wheeler, Perry H., 1914-1989  Search this
Garden designer:
Garden Gate Landscaping  Search this
Provenance:
Georgetown Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
O Street, Georgetown Garden (Washington, D.C.)
United States of America -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles and other information. See the Perry Wheeler Collection for correspondence with Thayer.
General:
Around the time of the Civil War, this 18th century property was established by the Tenney sisters as a school for young ladies in the main house; and a kindergarten for boys, attended by the son of General Grant, in the outbuilding that is now an artist's studio. A stone channel leads from the southern wall across the lawn to a cistern in the basement to collect rainwater for use in cleaning and laundry. A pump found on the property was used to obtain drinking water from a private well where the rocky waterfall is now located. By the time the current owners took possession in 2001, a terrace and some low walls had been added, connecting the old house architecturally to the garden. Since then the property has been developed by its current owner into a colorful and vibrant space for entertaining and peaceful enjoyment.
The private areas of the property were divided by the current owner into four discrete sections, all lush with plantings and reflecting the originality of the owner, an artist. A fence and gate screen off the first area, a courtyard with converted artist's studio, from the street. Holly, nandina and vinca minor soften the perimeter, and the studio entry is framed by a stand of bear's breeches. Rounding the corner of the house is the koi waterfall garden with a "natural spring," inspired by the old pump, culminating in a fish pool. There is a Fullmoon maple and various woodland perennials such as Dixie wood fern, cinnamon fern, hellebore, sweet box, astilbe and sedum, grow among the rocks, while the studio is fronted by white camellia japonica.
A short flight of brick steps leads to a larger area with a large lotus pond (unusual in Georgetown) with a simple waterfall. A changing palette of blooming plants such as iris and peony, buddleia, Shasta daisies, black-eyed Susans, and phlox that were originally white have now turned pink, surround the pool. A wide trellis breaks up the expanse of brick wall that forms the rear garden boundary. An abutting wall, forming the garden's western boundary, features a trompe l'oeil mirror and trellis that contribute light and depth, in addition to supporting red honeysuckle and morning glory. Through an entry in a low brick wall parallel to the lotus pond is a terrace and the fourth garden area and the only section that predates the current owner. There a hybrid apple tree presents a magnificent espalier against the wall of the house next door. Dusty Miller billows at the base of the apple tree.
Persons associated with the garden include General Louis Little, USMC, (former owner, circa 1930s); the Hon. Robert H. Thayer, Ambassador to Romania (former owner, circa 1950s-1960s); John Wilmerding (former owner, dates unknown); Mrs. Carter Brown, (former owner, 1990-2001); Garden Gate Landscaping (garden designer, 2001); and Perry H. Wheeler (landscape architect, 1964-1966).
Related Materials:
O Street, Georgetown Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (9 digital images)
See also the Archives of American Gardens, Perry Wheeler Collection.
See others in:
Perry H. Wheeler Collection, ca. 1880-1984.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- District of Columbia -- Washington  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File DC113
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / District of Columbia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b88d3184-4123-4a4d-a4d0-5d68d6dfa898
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref5939

Millwood

Creator:
Weller, Eleanor C.  Search this
Hampton, Wade General, 1818-1902  Search this
Finlay, Kirkman, Jr  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
South Carolina -- Columbia
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Richland County -- Columbia
Date:
04/01/1984
General:
House burned in Civil War. National Register.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Ruins  Search this
Columns  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC053001
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC053: Columbia -- Millwood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb604c38854-773a-4f51-99f8-29431b8be112
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12764

Millwood

Creator:
Weller, Eleanor C.  Search this
Hampton, Wade General, 1818-1902  Search this
Finlay, Kirkman, Jr  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
South Carolina -- Columbia
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Richland County -- Columbia
Date:
04/01/1984
General:
House burned in Civil War. National Register.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Dovecotes  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC053002
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC053: Columbia -- Millwood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb63b0beb14-c220-461c-8f5c-e4fa66b43ec6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12765

Millwood

Creator:
Weller, Eleanor C.  Search this
Hampton, Wade General, 1818-1902  Search this
Finlay, Kirkman, Jr  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Place:
South Carolina -- Columbia
United States of America -- South Carolina -- Richland County -- Columbia
Date:
04/01/1984
General:
House burned in Civil War. National Register.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Plan views  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item SC053003
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / South Carolina / SC053: Columbia -- Millwood
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb67d770606-62aa-4823-a419-af30a284f03d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref12766

Claremont -- Claremont Manor

Landscape architect:
Hopkins, Alden  Search this
Parker, Donald H.  Search this
Former owner:
Cocke, William H.  Search this
Cocke, Ann O.  Search this
Carter, James Walter  Search this
Rogers, Millicent  Search this
Owner:
Kirby, Lewis  Search this
Kirby, Ann  Search this
Former owner?:
Davies, Marion  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Claremont Manor (Claremont, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Surry County -- Claremont
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles about the property.
General:
The land on which Claremont Manor was built came into the possession of the Allen family in 1681. The property was passed down to the Allen family descendents for 205 years, and became prosperous with 12,000 acres for growing tobacco, and hundreds of slaves to work the fields, until the Civil War. Portions of the property were sold by several owners following the Civil War, becoming the town of Claremont, Virginia or smaller farms.
The Georgian style brick manor, which includes several outbuildings, was built in ca.1740, was expanded and altered over time. The manor is sited at the top of a terraced lawn about 100 feet above the James River at its confluence with Upper Chippokes Creek. Old trees, including magnolias, frame the garden, which is itself bordered in boxwood. The extensive grounds were divided into garden area by grass walkways, later paved or bricked, and a variety of brick walls. The ornamental plantings were organized in garden rooms, with boxwood borders, and fruit arbors. There are two lanes of linden trees leading to the James River, one to a wooded dell that fronts the boat landing.
The garden was restored in the 1930s under the ownership of General William H. and Ann Cocke and again in the 1950s during James Walter Carter's ownership. Major changes during the 1930s included the addition of mature trees and shrubs and the public road was moved away from the house. A swimming pool and tennis court, designed by William Lawrence Bottomley, was added during the ownership of Millicent Rogers, 1940-1950.
During the Carter ownership (1950-1964), landscape architect Alden Hopkins of Williamsburg redesigned the gardens, changing and paving walkways and adding mature trees. The Ardibel Carpet at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London was the source of the design of the kitchen garden, using herbs and vegetables. Other trees planted in the 1950s included crepe myrtles and starlight magnolias. The home was occupied by the Felician Sisters and used as a convent during the mid-1960s and 1970s. In 1982, Lewis and Ann Kirby bought and added back 68 acres that were once part of the original property.
Persons associated with the property include Arthur Allen II (former owner 1681-1710); John Allen (former owner, 1710-1741); William Allen (former owner, 1741-1793); William Allen II (former owner, 1793 - 1831); William Orgain Allen (former owner 1831-1875); William Allen IV (former owner 1875-1886); J. Franklin Mancha (former owner, 1886-1887); A.B and Edward Randall (former owner, 1887-1888); A. B. Randall (former owner, 1888-1894); Benjamin F. Hilt (former owner, 1894-1900); Elizabeth G. Winter (former owner, 1900-1909); Harry C. Burdick (former owner, 1909-1919); Eleanor C. Johnston (former owner, 1919-1928); General William H. and Ann O. Cocke (former owner, 1928-1940); Millicent Rogers (former owner, 1940-1950); James Walter Carter (former owner, 1950-1964); Felician Sisters Convent (former owner, 1964-1976); Lewis and Ann Kirby (current owner, 1976- ); Alden Hopkins (landscape architect, 1950s-1960s) and Donald H. Parker (landscape architect).
Related Materials:
Claremont Manor related holdings consist of 1 folder (16 glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Claremont  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA040
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6dbf1cd14-0e25-4321-b2cb-785ae28624d1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18816

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