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Newport -- Warren House-Tunnard Garden

Former owner:
Tanner Family  Search this
Gardner, Samuel F.  Search this
Lawton, Robert  Search this
Lawton, Penelope  Search this
Austin, Samuel Reverend  Search this
Henderson, Francis  Search this
Brinley, Fanny S.  Search this
Lawrence, Sallie C.  Search this
Paul, Allen G.  Search this
Paul, Florence S.  Search this
Warren, George  Search this
Warren, Katherine Urquhart  Search this
Preservation Society of Newport County  Search this
Gardener:
Pleitez, Eusebio  Search this
Landscape designer:
Tunnard, Christopher  Search this
Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden (Newport, Rhode Island)
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport -- Newport
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, site plans, photocopies of articles.
General:
This Modernist garden was created right after World War II, designed by Christopher Tunnard. It still survives today, perhaps the only existing commissioned landscape design by the man who influenced many of the United States most celebrated postwar architects and landscape architects. At only 65' x 42', the garden has an extreme austerity in design with a hint of luxury in its fountains, thick hedges and sculpture. The plants are cut and trimmed into an ordained shape, and the pattern is designed to be seen from the ground, where its curves interlock and turn back on themselves. Only two kinds of trees are used - lime (Tilia) and arbor vitae (Thuja); and three kinds of permanent plants - ivy (Hedera), box (Buxus) and yew (Taxus). The lime trees will eventually be pleached into an architectural block to throw the ground pattern into even greater contrast. The ivy is in slightly raised mounds, edged in places with small summer flowers. The bedding plants are purple and white petunias with carnations and lemon-yellow thunbergias." The sculpture, 'Chimerical Font,' by Jean Arp, is golden bronze centered on a plinth in a black lacquered rectangular pool. The other pools (two circular, one biomorphic) are shallow and painted white. Of note are the unusual shapes of the pruned boxwoods in the shapes of question marks and semi-colons; the colorful flowers; and the 6th linden along the left and end wall, now covered in Boston ivy, and originally painted white to complete a design that very much relied on strong figure-ground relationship.
Christopher Tunnard (1910-1979) was born in Canada, moved to England in 1929 and received a diploma from the Royal Horticultural Society the following year. The period of the eclectic Arts and Crafts movement (which he characterized as "romantic trivialization" of garden design) prompted him to introduce his Modernist views of landscape design. This approach avoided decoration, sentimentality and classical allusion "in favor of functional minimalist designs that provided a friendly and hospitable milieu for rest and recreation." After 10 years practicing garden and landscape work, he immigrated to America at the invitation of Walter Gropius to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design (1938-1943). Following the War, Tunnard taught city planning at Yale, advancing to professor and chairman of this department; he did little garden design from that point forward, making this 1949 garden probably one of his last commissions. For the final thirty years of his life, Tunnard put his energies into urban planning and the preservation of historic buildings; his publications in this area include "Man-made America: Chaos or Control?" (1963) which won the 1964 National Book Award in Science, Philosophy and Religion. It is perhaps ironic that Christopher Tunnard ended up of very much the same sentiment as his American patron, Mrs. George W. (Katherine) Warren, founder of the Preservation Society of Newport County (1945). In "Pioneers of American Landscape Design," (2000), Lance Neckar notes that "by the time of his death, he had come full circle to be identified with conservation-and-preservation-oriented attributes toward city revitalization which were antithetical to the Modern movement" that Tunnard had originally espoused.
Tunnard's patrons, George and Katherine Warren, who purchased the property on Mill Street in 1933, chose a part of Newport that was then considered "the other side of the tracks" by their social set, most of whom resided out on Ocean Drive. In New York, where the couple lived "off season," Katherine Warren collected modern art and was on the Advisory Committee of the Museum of Modern Art. Interesting to note that the garden was commissioned in 1949 and distinguished by its functional, minimalist modern design in sharp contrast with its early Federal-style house. The Warrens also added two glass-enclosed rooms on the first and second floors of their home on the garden side, presumably to enjoy this new garden to its full extent. Mrs. Warren died in 1976, bequeathing her home to the Preservation Society of Newport County, which moved its offices to this location in 1977. While the Preservation Society of Newport County owned the property, the garden was heavily shaded by a large beech tree and had become overgrown. It was maintained as they found it without major renovation. The current owner moved into the Mill Street house in 1994 and restored the Tunnard garden in 2001 and has proven to be a conscientious caretaker of this rare, nationally significant garden.
Persons associated with the garden include Tanner Family (former owners, 1776-1807); Samuel F. Gardner (former owner, 1807-1809); Robert Lawton (former owner, 1809-1810); Penelope Lawton (former owner, 1810-1822); Reverend Samuel Austin (former owner, 1822-1826); Francis Henderson (former owner, 1826-1857); Fanny S. Brinley (former owner, 1857-1863); Sallie C. Lawrence (former owner, 1863-1886); Allen G. Paul (former owner, 1886-1916); Florence S. Paul (former owner, 1916-1932); George and Katherine Warren (former owners, 1932-1977); Preservation Society of Newport County (former owner, 1977-1994); Christopher Tunnard (landscape designer, 1949); Eusebio Pleitez (gardener, 2001- ).
Related Materials:
Warren House-Tunnard Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (10 digital images)
Additional photographs are also located in the collections of the Preservation Society of Newport County.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI201
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref10575

Vol. 2 (AGO Vol. 24)

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
Jan. 1–Dec. 31, 1866
Collection Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commercial use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Collection Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M999, File 11.1.2
See more items in:
Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Tennessee, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1869
Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Tennessee, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1869 / Series 11: Issuances / 11.1: Special Orders and Circulars Issued
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-fb-m999-ref58
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Vol. 2 (AGO Vol. 24) digital asset number 1

Miscellaneous Records

Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1864–68
Scope and Contents:
Unbound miscellaneous records, 1864–68, are arranged by type of record. The series consists of charges and specifications; leases for houses, lands, and tenements; affidavits; transportation reports; papers relating to court cases; and lists of property in the possession of the Bureau.
Collection Restrictions:
Freedmen's Bureau Digital Collection, 1865–1872, is a product of and owned by the National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution. Copyright for digital images is retained by the donor, FamilySearch International; permission for commerical use of the digital images may be requested from FamilySearch International, Intellectual Property Office, at: cor-intellectualproperty@ldschurch.org.
Collection Citation:
Courtesy of the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration, FamilySearch International, and the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.FB.M1909, File 4.30.18
See more items in:
Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872
Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865–1872 / Series 4: Subordinate Field Offices / 4.30: Newberne (Superintendent – Eastern District)
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmaahc-fb-m1909-ref423
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Miscellaneous Records digital asset number 1
  • View Miscellaneous Records digital asset number 2
Online Media:

Anacostia in “A Right to the City” Exhibition at the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum

Creator:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-06-13T16:27:27.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
See more by:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research
YouTube Channel:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_r0t3Mb0XHjE

Chinatown in “A Right to the City” Exhibition at the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum

Creator:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-06-13T16:39:34.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
See more by:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research
YouTube Channel:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Ixf8QfUfsas

Brookland in “A Right to the City” Exhibition at the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum

Creator:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-06-13T16:34:12.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
See more by:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research
YouTube Channel:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_gTH-OiP1rXw

Southwest DC - “A Right to the City” Exhibition

Creator:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-06-04T18:43:40.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
See more by:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museums Collections and Research
YouTube Channel:
Anacostia_Community_Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_pwpjtazATeg

The Inka City of Cusco: Planning and Water Management

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2015-11-05T21:02:34.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_ZCnpFP_udTk

Imperial San Francisco : politics and planning in an American city, 1897-1906 / Judd Kahn

Author:
Kahn, Judd 1940-  Search this
Physical description:
263 pages, 4 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
San Francisco
San Francisco (Calif.)
San Francisco, Calif
Date:
1979
©1979
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Stadtplanung  Search this
Call number:
HT168.S2 K34X
HT168.S2K34X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_122128

L'Espace urbain en URSS, 1917-1978 : [exposition], Centre national d'art et de culture Georges Pompidou, Centre de création industrielle, [du 14 juin au 18 septembre 1978 : catalogue / conçu sous le forme de dialogue entre Alexeï Gutnov et Jean-Louis Cohen]

Author:
Gutnov, A. Ė (Alekseĭ Ėlʹbrusovich)  Search this
Cohen, Jean-Louis  Search this
Centre de création industrielle  Search this
Physical description:
52 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Expositions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
Soviet Union
URSS
Date:
1978
[©1978]
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Urban renewal  Search this
Rénovation urbaine  Search this
Urbanisme--Expositions  Search this
Call number:
NA9211 .E8X
NA9211.E8X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_122348

The rise of modern urban planning, 1800-1914 / edited by Anthony Sutcliffe

Author:
International Conference on the History of Urban and Regional Planning (1st : 1977 : London, England)  Search this
Sutcliffe, Anthony 1942-  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 235 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Date:
1980
19th century
Topic:
City planning--History  Search this
Regional planning--History--Congresses  Search this
Call number:
HT166 .I6113 1977X
HT166.I6113 1977X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_133049

Venise aujourd'hui : dix siècles d'histoire face à l'urbanisme moderne : exposition à Strasbourg, 17-27 Septembre 1962

Author:
Italia nostra (Association) Sezione di Venezia  Search this
Bellavitis, Giorgio  Search this
Physical description:
73 p. : ill., maps, plans ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Italy
Venice
Venice (Italy)
Date:
1962
Topic:
Urban renewal  Search this
City planning  Search this
Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
NA109.I8 I88
NA109.I8I88
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_133943

Washington, design of the federal city / National Archives and Records Service

Author:
United States National Archives and Records Service Office of Educational Programs  Search this
Physical description:
95 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Case studies
Place:
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1981
C1981
Topic:
City planning  Search this
City planning--History  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
HT168.W3 W37X
HT168.W3W37X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_139764

Urban design : the architecture of towns and cities / written and illustrated by Paul D. Spreiregen

Author:
Spreiregen, Paul D  Search this
Writer of foreword:
Blessing, Charles A.  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 243 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Texts
Date:
1965
[©1965]
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Stadtplanung  Search this
plattelandskern  Search this
rural settlement  Search this
steden  Search this
towns  Search this
stedelijke planning  Search this
urban planning  Search this
dorpen  Search this
villages  Search this
Urban Plans  Search this
Stedelijke plannen  Search this
Call number:
NA9031 .S76
NA9031.S76
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_14556

Arts of the environment. Edited by Gyorgy Kepes

Author:
Kepes, Gyorgy 1906-2001  Search this
Physical description:
244 pages illustrations 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
[1972]
1945-
Topic:
Art and society  Search this
City planning  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Art et société  Search this
Urbanisme  Search this
Écologie humaine  Search this
Kunst  Search this
Omgeving  Search this
Ecologia humana  Search this
Cidades  Search this
Sociedade  Search this
kavels  Search this
allotments  Search this
architectuur  Search this
Architecture  Search this
kunst  Search this
Arts  Search this
gebouwen  Search this
buildings  Search this
ontwerp  Search this
design  Search this
land  Search this
landschap  Search this
landscape  Search this
landschapsarchitectuur  Search this
landscape architecture  Search this
ruimtelijke ordening  Search this
physical planning  Search this
plattelandskern  Search this
rural settlement  Search this
steden  Search this
towns  Search this
stedelijke gebieden  Search this
urban areas  Search this
stedelijke planning  Search this
urban planning  Search this
dorpen  Search this
villages  Search this
landschapsbouw  Search this
landscaping  Search this
tuinen  Search this
gardens  Search this
districten  Search this
districts  Search this
Landscape Architecture (General)  Search this
Landschapsarchitectuur (algemeen)  Search this
Call number:
N72.S6 K38
N72.S6K38
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_24781

The architectural planning of St. Petersburg, by Iurii Alekseevich Egorov. Translated by Eric Dluhosch

Author:
Egorov, IU. A (IUriĭ Alekseevich)  Search this
Physical description:
xxix, 237 pages illustrations, map, plans 25 cm
Type:
Texts
Place:
Soviet Union
URSS
Date:
1969
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Urbanisme  Search this
Call number:
NA9211 .E413X
NA9211.E413X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_25

The model company town : urban design through private enterprise in nineteenth-century New England / John S. Garner

Author:
Garner, John S. 1945-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 288 p. : ill. ; 19 x 24 cm
Type:
Case studies
Place:
New England
Massachusetts
Hopedale
Date:
1984
1984, c1982
19th century
Topic:
Company towns--History  Search this
City planning--History  Search this
Call number:
HT123.5.A11G37 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_270751

Archigram. Edited by Peter Cook [and others]

Editor:
Cook, Peter 1936-  Search this
Author:
Archigram (Group)  Search this
Subject:
Archigram (Group)  Search this
Archigram (Groupe)  Search this
Physical description:
144 pages illustrations 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
[1973]
20th century
20e siècle
Topic:
Architecture, Modern  Search this
City planning  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA680 .A68 1973X
NA680.A68 1973X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_31418

Die Zukunft der Metropolen, Paris, London, New York, Berlin : ein Beitrag der Technischen Universität Berlin zur Internationalen Bauausstellung Berlin, Berichtsjahr 1984 : Katalog zur Ausstellung : ... 20. Oktober bis 16. Dezember 1984 in der Technischen Universität Berlin / [von Karl Schwarz]

Author:
Schwarz, Karl 1938-  Search this
Technische Universität Berlin  Search this
Bauausstellung Berlin GmbH  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Paris (France)
London (England)
New York (N.Y.)
Berlin (Germany)
Date:
1984
20th century
Topic:
City planning--History  Search this
Architecture, Modern  Search this
Art, Municipal  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
NA9016.G3B479 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_317259

La Ricostruzione della città : Berlino-IBA 1987 / a cura di Marco De Michelis [and others]

Author:
De Michelis, Marco 1945-  Search this
Triennale di Milano (17th : 1985 : Milan, Italy)  Search this
Physical description:
191 pages : chiefly illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
Germany
Berlin
Milano
Berlin (Germany)
Date:
1985
©1985
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Urban renewal  Search this
Esposizioni  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Buildings, structures, etc  Search this
Call number:
NA9200.B4 T82 1985
NA9200.B4T82 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_327051

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