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MS 4891 Reprint of "Notes on Chickasaw Ethnology and Folklore" annotated by John R. Swanton

Creator:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Culture:
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Reprint of "Notes On Chickasaw Ethnology and Folk-Lore," pages 50-58, Journal of American Folk-Lore, Volume XX, 1907, Washongton, D. C. Printed document with A. notations by John R. Swanton. Also bibliographic reference to the Chickasawa in Pennsylvania with the Shawnees. No date. Autograph document by John R. Swanton. 1 slip.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4891
Local Note:
printed document with A. notations
Topic:
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4891, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4891
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4891

Herman J. Viola photograph collection of Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA

Creator:
Viola, Herman J.  Search this
Names:
American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Smithsonian Institution, Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Native American Cultural Resources Training Program  Search this
Hunt, Wolf Robe, 1905-1977  Search this
Photographer:
Genete, Rev. Salvatore  Search this
Krantz, Victor  Search this
Neufeld, Harry B.  Search this
Warren, Dave.  Search this
Extent:
120 Negatives (circa, 35 mm)
31 color slides
300 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
310 Negatives (circa, acetate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oneida Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Spokane Indians  Search this
Makah Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Sihasapa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Coos Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Wyandot Indians  Search this
Clallam Indians  Search this
Kiowa Apache Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Missouri Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Nisqually Indians  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Southern Paiute Indians  Search this
Puyallup Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
White Mountain Apache Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Wampanoag Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Cayuga Indians  Search this
Tulalip Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Color slides
Prints
Photographs
Date:
1970-1991
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Herman J. Viola, depicting the 1973 Institute of American Indian Art meeting, Wolf Robe Hunt and his Acoma pottery, the transfer of Blue Eagle collection from Mae Abbott home to National Anthropological archives, and the 1974 Star Hawk Pow Wow in Watonga, Oklahoma. Additionally, there are photographs of NAA staff and the 1974 Acee Blue Eagle reception at NAA, possibly made by Viola. The collection also contains some photographs of Wounded Knee taken by Rev. Salvatore Genete, and copies of official portraits of Governor Aquillar of San Ildefonso Pueblo made by Harry B. Neufeld. There are also National Archives photographs of Chinese Boxer Rebellion prints, and Young watercolors and Alden sketches of American landscapes.

Much of the collection consists of portraits of participants in the NAA's American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program made by Smithsonian photographers, including Victor Krantz. These individuals include: Harry Walters, Navajo; Anna Walters, Otoe-Pawnee; George Sutton, Southern Arapaho; Sarah Yazzie, Navajo; Rubie Sootkis, Norther Cheyenne; David Fanman, Cheyenne; Augustine Smith, Navajo; Lorraine Bigman, Navajo; Jim Jefferson, Southern Ute; Rose Marie Pierite Gallardo, Tunica-Biloxi; George Horse Capture, Gros Ventre; Violet Zospah, White Mountain Apache; Gloria Anderson, Mille Lacs; Wenonah Silva, Wampanoag; Claire Lamont, Oglala; George Wasson, Coos-Coquille; Virginia Martin, Yakama; Gary Roybal, San Ildefonso; Richard Ground, Sihasapa; Almeda Baker, Hidatsa; June Finley, Hidatsa; Lida Young Wolf, Hidatsa; Christine Webster, Menominee; Rose Marie Roybal, Puyallup; Vivienne Jake, Kaibab-Paiute; Kim Yerton, Hupa; Dean Jacobs, Ojibwa; Lois Nowlin, Shawnee; Bonita McCloud, Nisqually; Gloria Maude Blackbird Cheswalla, Osage; Emily Peake, Ojibwa; Gordon McLester, Oneida; Mary Seth, Nez Perce; Bill Tohee, Oto-Missouria; Frank LaPena, Wintu; Juanita McQuistion, Wyandot; Carson Waterman, Seneca; Elton Stumbling Bear, Kiowa Apache; Patrick Chief Stick, Chippewa-Cree; Lynne Walks-on-Top, Spokane; Ethelyn Garfield, Paiute; Nora Dauenhauer, Tlingit; Caroline B. Jones, Tulalip; Grace F. Thorpe, Sauk and Fox; Dixie Lee Davis, Yavapai; Lynn D. Pauahty, Kiowa; David Lee Harding, Ojibwa; Robert V. Bojorcas, Klamath; Patty Leah Harjo, Seneca-Cayuga; Steven DeCoteau, Clallam; Robert Van Gunten, Ojibwa; Danny K. Marshall, Steilacoom; Meredith P. Flinn, Makah; Rhonda Hulsey, Chickasaw; Betty J. Brown, Choctaw; Vernon Calavaza, Zuni; Jack Bowen Jr., Upper Skagit; and Harry William Jr., Pima.
Biographical/Historical note:
Herman Joseph Viola is a historian of the American Indian who was director of the National Anthropological Archives from 1972-1989 and founding editor of Prologue: The Journal of the National Archives. In 1973, he launched the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, designed to entice American Indians into becoming professional archivists, librarians, curators, and historians through research and internships at the NAA.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 74-17
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds Viola's papers from 1980-1981.
Records relating to the American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the Records of the National Anthropological Archives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Archives -- Acquisitions  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 74-17, Herman J. Viola photograph collection of Star Hawk Pow Wow, American Indian Cultural Resources Training Program, and acquisition trips for NAA, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.74-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-74-17

Woman's leg rattles (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Previous owner:
Billie Wall, Oklahoma Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Leo Walker, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's leg rattles (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, turtle shell/carapace, hide, pottery, glaze
Techniques:
Perforated, tied
Dimensions:
38.5 x 30.5 x 10.5 cm
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/8387
Barcode:
028387.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29988

Paint (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Wesley Smith, Oklahoma Chickasaw  Search this
Object Name:
Paint (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Paint
Techniques:
Ground
Object Type:
Materials: Raw
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
3/2688
Barcode:
032688.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Materials: Raw
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35021

Girl's leg rattles (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Girl's leg rattles (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Hide, turtle shell/carapace
Techniques:
Perforated, tied
Dimensions:
20 x 23 cm
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/8386
Barcode:
028386.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29987

Drumstick (No image available)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Drumstick (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/8354
Barcode:
028354.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Music and Sound
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29871

Indian Folk Lore Pictures Painted by F. Overton Colbert, Chickasaw Indian

Container:
Box 3, Folder 38, Item 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 5-20, 1923
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection, 1813-1953, bulk 1915-1925. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection / Series 5: Art Exhibition Catalogs: M-O / Montross Gallery, 372 5th Ave., New York City
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-archamea-ref674

James E. Curry papers

Correspondent:
Paul, William L. Jr  Search this
Creator:
Curry, James E., 1907-1972  Search this
Names:
Rosebud Sioux Tribe  Search this
Three Affiliated Tribes  Search this
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bingham, Jonathan  Search this
Cohen, Felix  Search this
Cohen, Henry  Search this
Extent:
121.7 Linear feet
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Muckleshoot  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Missouria (Missouri)  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Coeur d'Alene  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Haida [Kasaan]  Search this
Salish (Flathead)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik) [Gambell, St. Lawrence Island]  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota [Standing Rock]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe]  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota [Flandreau]  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Yavapai [Fort McDowell]  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Cocopa  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Wesort  Search this
Tillamook  Search this
Nisga'a (Niska)  Search this
Stockbridge Mahican  Search this
Quinault  Search this
Lummi Indians  Search this
Walapai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Taos -- Pyote clan  Search this
Tesuque  Search this
Shawnee -- Eastern  Search this
Shoshoni -- Fort Hall  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Seminole -- Florida -- Oklahoma  Search this
Dakota -- Big Foot  Search this
Dakota -- Cheyenne River  Search this
Coeur d'Alene Indians  Search this
Croatan  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cocopa Indians  Search this
Chickahominy  Search this
Chippewa -- Lac Courte Oreilles  Search this
Cheyenne -- Northern -- Southern  Search this
Bannock -- Fort Hall  Search this
Alaskan natives  Search this
Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands)  Search this
Fort Sill Apache  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Arapaho -- Oklahoma  Search this
Dakota -- Crow Creek  Search this
Yuma  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Seri Indians  Search this
Sia  Search this
Yaqui Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
Kansa Indians  Search this
Tsimshian [Metlakatla]  Search this
Tlingit -- Angoon -- Craig -- Juneau -- Kake -- Ketchikan -- Klawak -- Klukwan -- Taku -- Wrangell  Search this
Ute -- Uintah-Ouray  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Colville Indians  Search this
Havasupai Indians  Search this
Kutenai Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Place:
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina
Santa Clara
Date:
1932-1958
Summary:
These are the papers of Washington, D.C. attorney James E. Curry, whose legal career included work both as a government attorney and in his own private practice. The bulk of the papers reflect his private practice in the area of Indian affairs.
Scope and Contents:
The material in the collection includes documents relating to many aspects of Curry's career but most of it relates to his work with Indian tribes and the National Congress of American Indians. For the most, the collection is made up of such materials as letters exchanged with government officials, Indians, and other attorneys; copies of legal documents; published government documents; notes; and clippings and other printed materials. Of particular significance is a subject file relating to Indian affairs. It includes material concerning affairs of Alaskan natives and the Aleut (Akutan, Pribilof Islands), Apache (including Fort Sill, Jicarilla, Mescalero, San Carlos White Mountain), Arapaho (Southern), Assiniboine (Fort Belknap, Fort Peck), Bannock (including Fort Hall), Blackfeet, Caddo, Catawba, Cherokee (Eastern), Cheyenne (Northern, Southern), Chickahominy, Chickasaw, Chippewa (including Lac Courte Oreilles), Choctaw, Cochiti, Cocopa, Coeur d'Alene, Colville, Comanche, Creek, Croatan, Crow, Dakota (Big Foot, Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Devil's Lake, Flandreau, Fort Totten, Lower Brule, Mdewakanton, Oglala, Rosebud, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, Standing Rock, Yankton), Delaware, Eskimo (including Gambell, Kiana), Flathead, Fox, Haida (including Kasaan), Havasupai, Hopi, Iroquois (Caughnawaga, Seneca, St. Regis), Isleta, Jemez, Kalilspel, Kansa (Kaw), Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klamath, Kutenai, Laguna, Lummi, Maricopa (Gila River, Salt River), Menominee, Missouria, Mohave (Fort Mohave), Mohave Apache (Fort McDowell), Muckleshoot, Navaho, Nez Perce, Niska, Nooksak, Omaha, Osage, Oto, Papago, Paiute (Fallon, Fort McDermitt), Moapa, Pyramid Lake, Shivwits, Walker River, Yerington), Pima (Gila River, Salt River), Potowatomi, Quinaielt, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Sandia, Sauk, Seminole (Florida, Oklahoma), Seneca, Seri, Shawnee (Eastern), Shoshoni (including Fort Hall), Sia, Spokan, Stockbridge, Taos (Pyote clan), Tesuque, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa), Tillamook, Tlingit (including Angoon, Craig, Juneau, Kake, Ketchikan, Klawak, Klukwan, Taku, Wrangell), Tsimshian (Metlakatla), Umatilla, Ute (including Uintah-Ouray), Walapai, Washo, Wesort, Winnebago, Wyandot, Yakima, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni. There are also materials relating to Curry's work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and National Congress of American Indians, and material that reflects his interest in conditions and events in given locations (often filed by state) and in organizations with interest in Indians. The material relating to Curry's work in Puerto Rico has been deposited in the Archivo General de Puerto Rico, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, in San Juan.
Arrangement note:
The James E. Curry Papershave been arranged into 6 series: (1) Daily Chronological Files, 1941-1955; (2) Subject Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1935-1955; (3) Miscellaneous Files Regarding Indian Affairs, bulk 1947-1953; (4) Non-Indian Affairs, n.d.; (5) Puerto Rico Work, 1941-1947; (6) Miscellany, undated.
Biographical/Historical note:
James E. Curry was trained in law in Chicago and practiced in that city from 1930 until 1936, serving part of that time as secretary of the local branch of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1936 to 1938, he was an attorney with the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs, being largely involved with matters of credit affecting Indians. From 1938 to 1942, he continued service with the Interior Department but worked in several capacities involving the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration, the department's Consumers' Counsel Division, and the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority.

In 1945, Curry returned to Washington and set up private practice, also maintaining for a time an office in Puerto Rico. In Washington, he became the attorney for the National Congress of American Indians and from that time until the 1950s his practice increasingly involved representation of American Indian tribes, mostly in claims against the federal government. In this work, for a time, he was involved in business relations with a New York Law firm that included Henry Cohen, Felix Cohen, and Jonathan Bingham.

He also often worked closely with lawyers who lived near the tribes he represented, William L. Paul, Jr., of Alaska, for example. This aspect of his practice--representing Indian tribes--was largely broken up during the early 1950s when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs began to use his powers to disapprove contracts between Curry and the tribes. In 1952 and 1953, his official relationship with the National Congress of American Indians was also ended. After this, while Curry continued until his death to act as a consultant in Indian claims with which he had earlier been involved, his career and life developed in a different direction.
Related Materials:
Additional material relating to James E. Curry can be found in the records of the National Congress of American Indians, also located at the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center.
Provenance:
The Curry papers were originally donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James E. Curry's daughter Mrs. Aileen Curry-Cloonan in December 1973. In 2007 The Curry papers were transferred from the National Anthropological Archives to the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center along with several other records concerning American Indian law and political rights.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indian claims  Search this
American Indians -- Credit  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Letters
Clippings
Legal documents
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); James E. Curry papers, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.015
See more items in:
James E. Curry papers
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-015

John Reed Swanton photograph collection of illustrations for "The Indians of the Southeastern United States"

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Artist:
McKenney & Hall  Search this
De Batz, A.  Search this
Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques, 1533?-1588  Search this
Tidball, J. C.  Search this
Trumbull, John, 1756-1843  Search this
Names:
Catlin, George, 1796-1872 (painter)  Search this
Le Page du Pratz, -1775  Search this
Romans, Bernard  Search this
Verelst, Willem (painter)  Search this
White, John (painter)  Search this
Extent:
80 copy prints (circa)
Culture:
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Atakapa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Chitimacha Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Houma Indians  Search this
Koasati Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Natchez Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
Timucua Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Paintings
Sketches
Illustrations
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs used to illustrate John Reed Swanton's "The Indians of the Southeastern United States" depicting American Indians of the Southeast and their dwellings, food preparation, and ceremonies.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Reed Swanton (1873-1958) was an ethnologist and ethnohistorian with the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) from 1900 until his retirement in 1944. Swanton spent his first few years at the BAE studying the Haida and Tlingit groups of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and published a number of significant articles on the language, ethnography, and folklore of Northwest Coast Indians. His focus then shifted to the American Indians of the Southeastern United States, where his interest remained for the rest of his career. In addition to conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the Southeast, Swanton studied extensively the history of the area in order to better understand its indigenous cultures and is considered a pioneer in the field of ethnohistory. During his career Swanton published numerous articles and several major works on Southeastern American Indians, including the reference work The Indians of the Southeastern United States (1946), a Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin (No. 137).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R87-2Q
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs published in BAE Bulletin 137 can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 80-39.
Photographs made by Swanton can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 76 and the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives hold more than 200 manuscripts created or collected by Swanton, in the Numbered Manuscripts.
Objects collected by Swanton, including potsherds from various sites in Southeastern United States can be found in the Department of Anthropology in accessions 111748, 113252, 122679, 129788, 165802, and 062577.
Contained in:
Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology photograph collections, undated
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints in this collection that represent photographs not held by the National Anthropological Archives are for reference only.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paintings
Sketches
Illustrations
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R87-2Q, John Reed Swanton photograph collection of illustrations for "The Indians of the Southeastern United States", National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R87-2Q
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r87-2q

John Reed Swanton photographs of Southeastern American Indians

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
174 lantern slides
415 Prints ((duplicates not counted), silver gelatin)
601 Negatives (nitrate)
Culture:
Creek Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Chitimacha Indians  Search this
Creoles  Search this
Houma Indians  Search this
Natchez Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
Taensa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Pascagoula Indians  Search this
Koasati Indians  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Atakapa Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Coosa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Prints
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900s-1910s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of Southeastern American Indian people, homes, ceremonial grounds, and events made circa 1900s‐1910s by John Reed Swanton. The lantern slides, probably used for lectures, include images of Southeastern rivers and bayous and historical maps. Additionally, there are a number of slides with notes and charts relating to linguistic comparisons.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Reed Swanton (1873‐1958) was an ethnologist and ethnohistorian with the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) from 1900 until his retirement in 1944. Swanton spent his first few years at the BAE studying the Haida and Tlingit groups of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and published a number of significant articles on the language, ethnography, and folklore of Northwest Coast Indians. His focus then shifted to the American Indians of the Southeastern United States. In addition to conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the Southeast, Swanton studied extensively the history of the area in order to better understand its indigenous cultures and is considered a pioneer in the field of ethnohistory. During his career Swanton published numerous articles and several major works on Southeastern American Indians, including the reference work The Indians of the Southeastern United States, in 1946, a Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin (No. 137).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 76
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives Numbered Manuscripts include more than 200 manuscripts created or collected by Swanton.
Photographs relating to Swanton's work with the Tlingit are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.
The Department of Anthropology ethnology collections also holds objects collected by Swanton, including potsherds from various sites in Southeastern United States (accessions 111748, 113252, 122679, 129788, 165802, and 062577).
See others in:
John Reed Swanton photographs of Southeastern American Indians, circa 1900s-1910s
Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and not available for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Dance  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Games  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs of Southeastern American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76
Online Media:

MS 606 Muskoki or Creek. Words, grammatical elements and texts collected by Albert S. Gatschet. Vol. 1

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
1 Volume (274 pages)
Culture:
Alibamu  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Apalachee Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Koasati Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Timucua Indians  Search this
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1878-1891
Scope and Contents:
Title on back of binding reads, "Maskoki I." Dates within the notebook range from December 23, 1878, to January 8, 1891. Includes much of material from other sources as well as material collected by Gatschet himself. Most of the material is Creek or Hitchiti, but other Southeastern Indian languages and a few Plains Indian languages are represented. (See Gatschet's index on pages 271-274, and list of contents following main entry; copy filed with volume.) Includes list of gentes, colors, birds, insects, local names, numerals, personal names, and grammatical material as well as notes on the Red Stick War, mythology, etc. Also notes on Samuel Perryman (Thenahta Tustenugga) and a list of songs.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 606
Other Archival Materials:
See MS 2503 for Volume II of the same title.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Languages  Search this
Creek language  Search this
Hitchiti language  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 606, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS606
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms606
Online Media:

Smithsonian Institution Press illustrations for Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology

Collector:
Smithsonian Institution. Press  Search this
Names:
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
200 copy prints (circa)
50 Items (circa 50 drawings, diagrams, and maps)
5 Prints (halftone)
2 copy negatives
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Atakapa Indians  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Natchez Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
Timucua Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Houma Indians  Search this
Koasati Indians  Search this
Chitimacha Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Prints
Copy negatives
Illustrations
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
The collection is made up of illustrations prepared for new printings of James Mooneyʹs "Calendar History of the Kiowa Indians," John Reed Swantonʹs "Indians of the Southeastern United States," and John C. Ewers's "The Horse in Blackfoot Indian Culture" in the Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology series. It includes images of maps, Kiowa, Blackfeet, and Indians of the American Southeast, and American Indian artwork and other artifacts. Images of Indians include photographs, portraits, and drawings. There are also textual publication materials, including layout and notated reprint, available with the collection.
Biographical/Historical note:
The aim of the Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology series, which is comprised of reprinted BAE publications, was to appeal to a more popular audience. The series began in 1979 with the publication of "Calendar History of the Kiowa Indians" and "Indians of the Southeastern United States." "The Horse in Blackfoot Indian Culture" was published the following year.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 80-39, NAA Photo Lot 80-6
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, circa 1979.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photo Lot 80-6 has been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 80-39. These photographs were also made and collected for the Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology publications and form part of this collection.
Originals for some of these images, as well as additional photographs by John Swanton, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 76 and 87-2Q.
Originals for some of these images, as well as additional photographs by James Mooney, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 74 and 14 as well as NAA MS 2531.
Originals for some of these images, as well as additional photographs by John C. Ewers, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the papers of John Canfield Ewers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Illustrations
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 80-39, Illustrations for Classics of Smithsonian Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.80-39
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-80-39

Comparative Southeast ethnographic material (Series 10)

Creator:
Taylor, Lyda Averill  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, Lyda Averill  Search this
Culture:
Alibamu  Search this
Alibamu  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Koasati Indians  Search this
Chitimacha Indians  Search this
Natchez (tribe)  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Tunica Indians  Search this
Yuchi Indians  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Articles
Notes
Scope and Contents:
Includes: Ms. on comparative Southeast ethnography, with information from the Alabama, Catawba, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati, Natchez, Seminole, Tunica, and Yuchi. (Koasati material from field work; data on the rest of the tribes from published sources). 73 pages; typed, with pages 3-40 missing (this seems to be the Koasati data, probably among notes loaned to Dan Jacobson by LAT). Also includes 4 pages trait list. List of clans present in tribes listed above. 2 pages with 2 carbon copies. List of dances present in tribes listed above. 2 pages comparative Seminole-Chickasaw ethnography. 27 pages.
Arrangement:
Comparative southeast ethnography 75 items
Dr. Swanton 53 items
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4658 (10)
Topic:
Dance -- Southeast Indians  Search this
Social organization -- Southeast Indians  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Notes
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4658, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4658 Field notes and ethnographic material on Alabama, Choctaw, and Koasati (latter incomplete), plus a partial Southeast comparative ethnology of southeastern U.S.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4658-ref6

William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians

Creator:
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Photographer:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
J. Gurney & Son  Search this
Savage & Ottinger  Search this
Bell, C. M. (Charles Milton), approximately 1849-1893  Search this
Carter, C. W., 1832-1918  Search this
Chamberlain, W. G. (William Gunnison)  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
Shindler, A. Zeno (Antonio Zeno), 1823-1899  Search this
Ulke, Henry, 1821-1910  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Westmann, Orloff R.  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Names:
Hayden Survey  Search this
Powell-Thompson Survey  Search this
Extent:
9 Albums (circa 4000 prints, albumen (some copies))
Culture:
White Mountain Apache Indians  Search this
Warm Spring Apache Indians  Search this
Wahpeton Indians  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
Yampa Indians  Search this
Wyandot Indians  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Stockbridge Indians  Search this
Sisseton Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Uinta Indians  Search this
Tonkawa Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Yanktonai Indians  Search this
Montauk Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Brotherton Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Miniconjou Indians  Search this
Missouri Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Chiricahua Indians  Search this
Miami Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Keeche Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Jicarilla Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Iowa Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Sihasapa Indians  Search this
Choctaw Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Date:
circa 1877
Scope and Contents note:
Albums probably assembled by William Henry Jackson, mostly containing portraits of American Indian delegates in Washington, D.C. and photographs made on US Geological Surveys (including the Hayden and Powell surveys). Photographs from the field include John K. Hillers' photographs of the Southwest, photographs of Fort Laramie (possibly by Alexander Gardner), Orloff R. Westmann's photographs of Taos Pueblo, and Jackson's photographs of Crow, Shoshoni, Pawnee, and Nez Perce Indians and related sites. Most of the photographs were made circa 1860s-1870s.

The albums were likely made by Jackson while working under Ferdinand V. Hayden for the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. The reason for their creation is uncertain, though it may have been a project set up by Hayden or a continuation of William Henry Blackmore's tradition of publishing albums. Some of the albums include captions pasted from Jackson's Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians (1877) while others have handwritten captions.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Henry Jackson (1843-1942) was an American painter, photographer and explorer. Born in New York, he sold drawings and retouched photographs from an early age. After serving in the Civil War, he opened a photography studio in Omaha, Nebraska, with his brother Edward. As photographer for the US Geological and Geographical Surveys (1870-1878), he documented the American west and published the first photographs of Yellowstone. When the surveys lost funding in 1879, Jackson opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, and also worked for various railroad companies. Many of Jackson's photographs were displayed at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago (1893), for which he was the official photographer.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4420
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Original negatives for many of the photographs in this collection can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the BAE historical negatives.
The National Museum of the American Indian Archives holds William Henry Jackson photographs and negatives.
Additional Jackson photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4605, MS 4801, Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 29, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 93, Photo lot 143, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 87-20, and Photo Lot 90-1.
Correspondence from Jackson held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4517, MS 4881, MS 4821, and collections of personal papers.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, circa 1877
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4420, William Henry Jackson photograph albums based on his Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of North American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4420
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4420

MS 4300 Title pages of legislative publications of selected American Indian groups

Collector:
Hargrett, Lester, 1902-1962  Search this
Culture:
Choctaw Indians  Search this
American Indians -- tribal legislation  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: General laws passed by the Legislature of the Chickasaw Nation, during the years 1867, 1868, 1869 and 1870. Constitution and Laws of the Choctaw Nation, Boggy Depot, Choctaw Nation, 1861. Laws of the Osage Nation passed at Pawhuska, Osage Nation in the years 1883, 1884 and 1885. Constitution and compiled laws of the Creek Nation, printed at Fort Scott, Kansas, in 1881. Acts and Resolutions of the Choctaw Council of the Sessions of 1876 and 1877. Printed at Atoka, Choctaw Nation, in 1878. Acts and Resolutions of the Cherokee Council of the Sessions of 1854 and 1855. Printed at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation in 1856.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4300
Local Note:
Photographic copies
Topic:
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4300, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4300
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4300

MS 3716 Letter to Professor Henry

Creator:
Gibbon, Lardner  Search this
Addressee:
Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878  Search this
Culture:
Cherokee  Search this
Chickasaw Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Place:
Saluda River -- Archeology
South Carolina -- Archeology
Date:
November 30, 1871
Scope and Contents:
Incloses sketches of arrowheads found on the Saluda River, South Carolina. Also historical notes relating to the above tribes, reference to the various tribes, of South Carolina, etc.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3716
Topic:
Tools and implements -- arrowheads  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 3716, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3716
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3716

Rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Gourd, wood
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/8360
Barcode:
028360.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29961

Shaman's sucking tube (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Previous owner:
Mrs. Johnson, Oklahoma Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Leo Walker, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's sucking tube (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/7500
Barcode:
027500.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_28907

Rattle (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Previous owner:
Wesley Smith, Oklahoma Chickasaw  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Gourd, wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
3/2678
Barcode:
032678.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_35011

Shaman's sucking tube (Image withheld)

Culture/People:
Chickasaw  Search this
Previous owner:
Mrs. Johnson, Oklahoma Chickasaw  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Leo Walker, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's sucking tube (Image withheld)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/7501
Barcode:
027501.000
See related items:
Chickasaw
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_28908

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