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W. A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album

Creator:
Hunt, Mary Alice Minear  Search this
Hunt, George Laird  Search this
Fishbaugh, William Arthur  Search this
Minear, A. Bruce  Search this
Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Engineering and Industry  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Engineering and Industry  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Panama Canal (Panama)
Panama -- 1900-1910
Date:
1905-1908.
Summary:
Photograph album of commercially-produced photographs of Panama Canal construction.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection consists of a photograph album of one hyndred commercially produced views of Panama Canal construction. Also included are some views of life in the Canal Zone, including hospitals, villages, street scenes, jungles, cemeteries, animal life, and bullfights. The album was assembled by A. Bruce Minear, who was sent to Panama by President Theodore Roosevelt to develop the YMCA for the men working on the canal. Most photographs are captioned.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in one series.

Series 1, Photograph Album, 1905-1907
Historical:
On November 18, 1903, the United States and Panama negotiated the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, which granted the United States permission to construct a canal that would join the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Construction for the Panama Canal began on May 4, 1904. The large workforce (at its highest population in 1913 it numbered 44,733 men, not including those sick, on leave, or otherwise absent) had a great impact on Panama. As there were not enough amenities to accommodate them when they arrived, they built entire communities, paved streets, improved communication systems, and installed water and sewage systems. Likewise, the railroad was improved for more efficient transportation of supplies, labor, food, and equipment. Much to the credit of Chief Sanitary Officer Dr. William Crawford Gorgas, yellow fever was completely eradicated on the Isthmus and malaria cases greatly reduced. Native villages and towns along the planned construction route were required to relocate.

The first self-propelled, ocean-bound vessel traveled on the canal on January 7, 1914, and the canal was formally opened in August of that year. The Panama Canal construction project was the most expensive construction project in United States history to that date, costing $375,000,000.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

W. P. Stine Panama Canal Papers (NMAH.AC.1039)

John Frances Little Panama Canal Scrapbook Photograph Albums (NMAH.AC.0708)

Katherine Kingsford Panama Canal Photograph Album (NMAH.AC.1040)

A.R. Van Tassell Photograph Albums (NMAH.AC.1015)
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the National Museum of American History's Division of the History of Science and Technology, Engineering and Industry Collections by Mary Alice Minear Hunt and George Laird Hunt, 1987.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Villages -- Panama  Search this
Streets -- Panama  Search this
Hospitals -- Panama  Search this
Jungles -- Panama  Search this
Animals -- Panama  Search this
Bullfights  Search this
Canals -- Panama  Search this
Cemeteries -- Panama  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
W.A. Fishbaugh Panama Canal Photograph Album, 1905-1908, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1021
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1021
Online Media:

Callisia ciliata Kunth

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Moist shaded slope  Search this
Place:
Mount Hope Cemetery, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
28 Dec 1923
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Commelinales Commelinaceae
Published Name:
Callisia ciliata Kunth
Barcode:
00046212
USNM Number:
1154251
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36eac3097-d8f6-4b00-8511-ecb7d85aa198
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2581378

Gibasis geniculata (Jacq.) Rohweder

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Moist thicket  Search this
Place:
Mount Hope Cemetery, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
28 Dec 1923
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Commelinales Commelinaceae
Published Name:
Gibasis geniculata (Jacq.) Rohweder
Barcode:
00158439
USNM Number:
1154240
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3acfec3ba-e7ae-4ad9-84d5-3f3c64befb1a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2581379

Heliconia latispatha Benth.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Place:
Mount Hope Cemetery, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
28 Dec 1923
Common name:
Platanillo
expanded lobsterclaw
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Zingiberales Heliconiaceae
Published Name:
Heliconia latispatha Benth.
Barcode:
00063221
USNM Number:
1154230
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/376fbc41a-0080-4fcc-9b17-89a466e7519d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2581376

Heliconia wagneriana Petersen

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Place:
Mount Hope Cemetery, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
28 Dec 1923
Taxonomy:
Plantae Monocotyledonae Zingiberales Heliconiaceae
Published Name:
Heliconia wagneriana Petersen
Barcode:
00082539
USNM Number:
1154245
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38341e7bc-7d7c-4d8e-95bb-e2a7f093b601
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2581377

Triumfetta lappula L.

Biogeographical Region:
80 - Central America  Search this
Collector:
Paul C. Standley  Search this
Place:
Mount Hope Cemetery, Panama, Central America - Neotropics
Collection Date:
28 Dec 1923
Common name:
"Mozote"
"cadille"
Caballusa
Mozote
Pega Pega
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Tiliaceae
Published Name:
Triumfetta lappula L.
Barcode:
00577913
USNM Number:
1218331
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/315224771-af9d-4c1b-9f31-ea7d9a97455c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2042001

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