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René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Subject:
Fosado, Víctor  Search this
Durieux, Caroline  Search this
d'Harnoncourt, Sarah  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel  Search this
Klumb, Henry  Search this
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys Iola  Search this
United States. Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sarah Lawrence College  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Topic:
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Art, Aboriginal Australian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Indian art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Cave paintings -- Austrailia  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5462
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209237
AAA_collcode_dharrene
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209237
Online Media:

René d'Harnoncourt papers

Creator:
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Sarah Lawrence College -- Faculty  Search this
United States. Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel, 1902-  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Durieux, Caroline, 1896-1989  Search this
Fosado, Víctor  Search this
Klumb, Henry, 1905-1984  Search this
Marriott, Alice  Search this
Tantaquidgeon, Gladys Iola  Search this
d'Harnoncourt, Sarah  Search this
Extent:
2.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Place:
Mexico -- description and travel
Date:
1921-1983
Summary:
The papers of art curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), document d'Harnoncourt's activities, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s, particularly as they relate to Mexican and Native American art. D'Harnoncourt's career, including his arrival in Mexico in 1925, his curation of the exhibitions, Mexican Art (1930-1932), and Indian Art of the United States (1941), and his work for the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, are documented in small amounts of biographical material and correspondence, published writings, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs of d'Harnoncourt and colleagues, and photographs of works of art. The collection also contains a drawing of d'Harnoncourt, and photocopies of caricatures of d'Harnoncourt and others.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of art curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), document d'Harnoncourt's activities, primarily in the 1930s and 1940s, particularly as they relate to Mexican and Native American art. D'Harnoncourt's career, including his arrival in Mexico in 1925, his curation of the exhibitions, Mexican Art (1930-1932), and Indian Art of the United States (1941), and his work for the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, are documented in small amounts of biographical material and correspondence, published writings, printed material, scrapbooks, photographs of d'Harnoncourt and colleagues, and photographs of works of art. The collection also contains a drawing of d'Harnoncourt, and photocopies of caricatures of d'Harnoncourt and others.

Biographical material consists of d'Harnoncourt's official Austrian departure documents for his travel to Mexico in 1925; pages of an appointment book from 1932; and notes on d'Harnoncourt's career that index publications in which he is mentioned amongst other things, prepared by Sarah d'Harnoncourt.

Correspondence and memoranda relate primarily to the Mexican Arts exhibition, (1930-1932) sponsored by the American Federation of Arts; the "Art in America" radio program, organized by the American Federation of Arts with the cooperation of the Museum of Modern Art; d'Harnoncourt's part time teaching position at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville; and his appointment as General Manager of the Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Later correspondence references research on d'Harnoncourt's work for the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and includes information on d'Harnoncourt, provided in response to inquiries about him.

Writings by d'Harnoncourt include published articles on Mexican and Indian arts and crafts, a 1969 reprint of d'Harnoncourt's and Frederic H. Douglas's expanded version of the catalog for Indian Art of the United States, a foreword, and two seminar/symposium papers. Unpublished writings comprise two typescripts. The series also includes several writings by others.

Printed material includes announcements and exhibition catalogs, documentation of the "Art in America Program," published books belonging to and/or referencing d'Harnoncourt, Department of Interior publications, including some issued by the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Museum of Modern art press releases, news clippings relating to d'Harnoncourt and his activities, and miscellaneous printed material.

Additional clippings from a dismantled scrapbook(s) document the Mexican Arts exhibition.

Artwork and artifacts include one original sketch in colored pencil of d'Harnoncourt by Austrian artist, Silverbauer, photocopies of caricatures and doodles by d'Harnoncourt, Miguel Covarrubias, and Caroline Durieux, and two Indian Arts and Crafts Board weaving samples.

Photographs are of d'Harnoncourt, Sarah d'Harnoncourt, and friends and colleagues. They include a photograph of d'Harnoncourt by Manuel Alvarez-Bravo; snapshots of others including Fred Davis; Sarah d'Harnoncourt and folk art specialist, Victor Fosado; fellow Indian Arts and Crafts Board members, architect Henry Klumb, Alice Marriot, and anthropologist, author, and tribal council member, Gladys Tantaquidgeon. Also found are three photographs of Mexican Art exhibition installations; fourteen photographs of Native Americans; three photographs showing covers and/or fronts pieces of d'Harnoncourts books Beast, Bird and Fish, Mexicana, The Hole in the Wall, and The Painted Pig; and photographs of artwork included in the Mexican Art exhibition and an exhibition of Australian Aboriginal Cave Paintings (1947).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as seven series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1925-circa 1978 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence and Memoranda, 1929-1981 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1928-circa 1970s (0.4 linear feet; Box 1, OV 4)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1921-1979 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 4)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, 1930-1933 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Artwork and Artifacts, circa 1926-circa 1950s (3 folders; Box 3)

Series 7: Photographs, 1930-1983 (0.25 linear feet; Box 3, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Art curator, lecturer, and museum director, René d'Harnoncourt (1901-1968), was an authority on Native American art and Mexican arts and crafts. He curated and toured with a traveling exhibition, Mexican Art, from 1930-1932, guest curated the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States, for the Museum of Modern Art in 1941, served on the Department of the Interior's Indian Arts and Crafts Board from 1937-1944, and was Director of the Museum of Modern Art from 1949-1968.

D'Harnoncourt was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1901. He left Austria for Mexico in 1925, and began working for American, Frederick Davis, who owned a shop that sold Mexican antiquities and folk art in Mexico City. At this time, d'Harnoncourt made many important connections, including meeting American Ambassador to Mexico, Dwight Morrow, and his wife, Elizabeth Morrow. D'Harnoncourt illustrated several books in the early 1930s, including The Painted Pig (1930) and Beast, Bird and Fish (1933), both written by Elizabeth Morrow, and The Hole in the Wall (1931) and Mexicana: A Book of Pictures (1931). According to Sarah d'Harnoncourt, her husband considered himself an amateur in the field of book illustration, which he enjoyed as a means of self-amusement.

In 1929, d'Harnoncourt was asked to curate an extensive exhibition of Mexican art to travel to major cities in the United States, sponsored by the American Federation of Arts. D'Harnoncourt toured with this exhibition, Mexican Art, for two years, beginning at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in October, 1930.

D'Harnoncourt visited Austria briefly in 1932, then returned to the United States in 1933 and married Sarah Carr the same year. He became a naturalized United States citizen in 1939.

Between 1933 and 1944, d'Harnoncourt directed the radio program "Art in America," organized by the American Federation of Arts in cooperation with the Museum of Modern Art. He also taught art history at Sarah Lawrence College from 1934-1937. In 1936 he began working for the Indian Arts and Crafts Board of the Department of the Interior, becoming General Manager in 1937, and the Board's Chairman in 1944. As General Manager he curated an exhibition on Indian art for the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939, and installed an expanded version of the exhibition, Indian Art of the United States, as guest curator for the Museum of Modern Art in 1940-1941.

In 1944, d'Harnoncourt joined the Museum of Modern Art as Vice President in charge of Foreign Activities, focusing his work on Latin America, and as Director of the Department of Manual Industries, responsible for the preservation of Native American art and culture. In 1949 he was appointed Director of the Museum of Modern Art, and served in this capacity until his death in an automobile accident in 1968.
Related Materials:
An oral history of René d'Harnoncourt, interviewed by Isabel Grossner in 1968, can be found at Columbia University, Oral History Research Office, 801 Butler Library, 535 West 114 Street, New York, NY 10027.
Separated Materials:
The bulk of René d'Harnoncourt's papers are in the Museum Archives of the Museum of Modern Art. The Museum's 59.25 linear feet document, in particular, d'Harnoncourt's years with the Museum from 1944-1968. That collection also includes papers donated by Sarah d'Harnoncourt which relate to d'Harnoncourt's time in Mexico, from 1925-1932, and his work in the United States from 1933-1944. While these holdings may overlap occasionally with the papers in the Archives of American Art (some items at the Archives of American Art, for instance, may be photocopies of originals at the Museum), the bulk of the Archives' d'Harnoncourt papers appear to be distinct from those at the Museum.

The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels 2919-2931) including papers generated by d'Harnoncourt during his professional affiliation with the Museum of Modern Art, such as, personal files, three appointment notebooks, professional files including Latin American correspondence, exhibition files, files documenting outside affiliations, and departmental and special event files. Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
D'Harnoncourt's widow, Sarah d'Harnoncourt, donated the René d'Harnoncourt papers to the Archives of American Art in 1975, 1981, and 1984. An additional eleven linear feet of material was lent by the Museum of Modern Art's for microfilming in 1983.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The René d'Harnoncourt papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art museums -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art museum directors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art, Mexican  Search this
Art, Aboriginal Australian  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Indian art -- Exhibitions  Search this
Cave paintings -- Austrailia  Search this
Curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Hispanic American art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Drawings
Citation:
René d'Harnoncourt papers, 1921-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.dharrene
See more items in:
René d'Harnoncourt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-dharrene
Online Media:

Miguel Covarrubias, caricature artist of 1920s America

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Video recordings
Podcast
MIME Type:
video/quicktime
Uploaded:
Tue, 17 Jul 2012 14:00:00 EST
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more episodes:
Face-to-Face, from the National Portrait Gallery
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:podcasts_66daeb66ea1d5f261b5f3b77bbf17a10

Howdy from Arizona the land of the Sun [picture postcard]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Collector:
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Collection Creator:
National Philatelic Collection, Smithsonian Institution.  Search this
Blenkle, Victor A., Dr., 1900-1978 (physician)  Search this
Collection Source:
Extractive Industries, Division of.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (color; Ink on paper, 3.5" x 5.5".)
Container:
Box 1, Item Grouping U.S.A.--Arizona.
Culture:
Mexicans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Picture postcards
Postcards
Place:
Arizona
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
A map of Arizona, highlighting famous sites in the state. The images range from a "Mexican Smuggler" to an Indian saying "Geronimo, Geronimo, Rah! Rah! Rah!" and serve as caricatures of features throughout the state.
Local Numbers:
AC0200-0000046 (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Maps  Search this
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Tourist trade -- Maps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection, c. 1880-c. 1970, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution,
See more items in:
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection
Victor A. Blenkle Postcard Collection / Series 1: Geographical Locations within United States / Arizona - Specific geographical locations
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0200-ref2185

Rearview Mirror Decoration "Colgadera" Or "Colgante"

Collector:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Length - Object:
7 cm
Width - Object:
6 cm
Culture:
Mexican  Search this
Object Type:
Ornament
Place:
Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
29 Jun 1982
Collection Date:
1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
350956
USNM Number:
E422488-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/388d3eb17-d744-4795-85b8-1258642eeb93
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8455392

Souvenir Pencil "Lapiz"

Collector:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Length - Object:
19 cm
Width - Object:
4 cm
Culture:
Mexican  Search this
Object Type:
Pencil
Place:
Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
29 Jun 1982
Collection Date:
1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
350956
USNM Number:
E422489-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/39ee5c268-5e2c-46f0-b252-f4a783d7cc20
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8455393

Souvenir Pen "Pluma"

Collector:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Length - Object:
16.5 cm
Width - Object:
3.5 cm
Culture:
Mexican  Search this
Object Type:
Pen
Place:
Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
29 Jun 1982
Collection Date:
1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
350956
USNM Number:
E422490-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35578d606-ae4a-4746-b5ec-1008a0d11244
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8455395

Souvenir Backscratcher "Manita Para Rascar"

Collector:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Length - Object:
40.5 cm
Width - Object:
4 cm
Culture:
Mexican  Search this
Object Type:
Back Scratcher
Place:
Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
29 Jun 1982
Collection Date:
1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
350956
USNM Number:
E422491-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34be285ad-c456-4636-9e60-0dc8571936bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8455396

Souvenir Bookmark "Separador De Paginas"

Collector:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Length - Object:
18 cm
Width - Object:
3.5 cm
Culture:
Mexican  Search this
Object Type:
Bookmark
Place:
Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
29 Jun 1982
Collection Date:
1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
350956
USNM Number:
E422492-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/327095a84-9e35-41d6-95d8-b0831b871f8e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8455397

Doll Keyring "Llavero Tarahumara"

Collector:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. William L. Merrill  Search this
Length - Object:
12.5 cm
Width - Object:
8 cm
Culture:
Mexican  Search this
Object Type:
Key Ring
Place:
Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Accession Date:
29 Jun 1982
Collection Date:
1981
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
350956
USNM Number:
E422493-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/354c4eaba-99f1-44b1-9e46-b1d1005ff4a9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8455398

Gordo / Gus Arriola

Author:
Arriola, Gus  Search this
Bookseller:
Smith, Ray  Search this
Subject:
Arriola, Gus Gordo Selections  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged) : chiefly ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Caricatures and cartoons
Date:
1950
C1950
Topic:
Mexicans--Social life and customs  Search this
American wit and humor, Pictorial  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.A7748x A77 1950
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_632878

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