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Rachel's Farewell

Type:
albums (bound) & books
Book
Object Name:
Book
Made in:
France
Date:
ca. 1855
Accession Number:
1947-130-1
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1947-130-1

Oral history interview with Peggy Bacon, 1973 May 8

Interviewee:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Lie, Jonas  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew Michael  Search this
Brook, Alexander  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Printmakers  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12376
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211938
AAA_collcode_bacon73
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211938
Online Media:

Jacob Getlar Smith papers, 1919-1966

Creator:
Smith, Jacob Getlar, 1898-1958  Search this
Subject:
Halper, Nathan  Search this
Matulka, Jan  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
Fiene, Ernest  Search this
Tamotsu, Chuzo  Search this
Stone, Irving  Search this
Scaravaglione, Concetta Maria  Search this
Cadmus, Paul  Search this
Chain, Jack  Search this
Criss, Francis  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Genauer, Emily  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Edie, Stuart  Search this
Gershoy, Eugenie  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Sepeshy, Zoltan L. (Zoltan Leslie)  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Topic:
Drawing  Search this
Watercolor painting  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7452
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209610
AAA_collcode_smitjaco
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209610

Bernard J. Reis papers, circa 1913-1983

Creator:
Reis, Bernard J., 1895-1978  Search this
Subject:
Rothko, Mary Alice  Search this
Ray, Man  Search this
Rothko, Mark  Search this
Pepper, Beverly Stoll  Search this
Rattner, Abraham  Search this
Birnbaum, Abe  Search this
Vail, Sinbad  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Albee, Edward  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Reis, Rebecca G.  Search this
Guggenheim, Peggy  Search this
Read, Herbert Edward  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Poe, Barbara Reis  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Dallas Museum of Fine Arts  Search this
Marlborough Gallery  Search this
Peggy Guggenheim Foundation  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8398
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210572
AAA_collcode_reisbern
Theme:
The Art Market
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210572
Online Media:

Fred Nankivel papers, 1899-1973

Creator:
Nankivel, Fred, 1876-1950  Search this
Subject:
Cooke, Claudine Nankivel  Search this
Newell, Peter S.  Search this
Topic:
Artists' studios  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Illustrators  Search this
Artists' illustrated books  Search this
Artists as authors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9078
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211271
AAA_collcode_nankfred
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211271

Antonio Sotomayor papers, circa 1920-1988

Creator:
Sotomayor, Antonio, 1904-1985  Search this
Subject:
Gerstle, William Lewis  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Franco, Johan  Search this
Pflueger, Timothy Ludwig  Search this
Morley, Grace  Search this
Von Hagen, Victor Wolfgang  Search this
Long, Emilie  Search this
Salinger, Jehanne Bietry  Search this
Moya del Pino, J. (José)  Search this
Sotomayor, Grace  Search this
Reed, Alma M.  Search this
Entenza, John  Search this
Oldfield, Otis  Search this
Little, Philip  Search this
Salinger, Pierre  Search this
Labaudt, Lucien Adolphe  Search this
Fried, Alexander  Search this
Farr, Fred  Search this
Robinson, Elmer E. (Elmer Edwin),  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Sauer, Carl Ortwin  Search this
Delphic Studios  Search this
Pan American Union  Search this
Type:
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Illustration  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5549
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212812
AAA_collcode_sotoanto
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
Sketches & Sketchbooks
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212812
Online Media:

Enrique Riverón papers, 1918-1990s

Creator:
Riverón, Enrique, 1902-1998  Search this
Subject:
Cantinflas  Search this
García Lorca, Federico  Search this
Orozco, JosÔe Clemente  Search this
Kiki  Search this
Cugat, Xavier  Search this
Gómez Sicre, José  Search this
De Diego, Julio  Search this
Lozano Castro, Alfredo  Search this
Tamayo, Rufino  Search this
Prohias, Antonio  Search this
Reed, Alma M.  Search this
Gattorno, Antonio  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Baker, Josephine  Search this
Pidgeon, Walter  Search this
Carreño, Mario  Search this
Yunkers, Adja  Search this
Waguermert, Luis Gomez  Search this
Hughes, Langston  Search this
Neruda, Pablo  Search this
Peláez, Amelia  Search this
Sicre, Juan José  Search this
Milland, Ray  Search this
Rebajes, Pauline  Search this
Bermúdez, Cundo  Search this
Salinas, Baruj  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Russell, Rosalind  Search this
Wichita State University  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Cuban American art  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Magazine illustration  Search this
Cuban American artists  Search this
Hispanic American artists  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5433
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216020
AAA_collcode_riveenri
Theme:
Latino and Latin American
American Art and Artists in a Global Context
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216020
Online Media:

Gyorgy Kepes papers, 1909-2003, bulk 1935-1985

Creator:
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
Subject:
Mead, Margaret  Search this
Chermayeff, Serge  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Arnheim, Rudolf  Search this
Entwhistle, Clive  Search this
Boghosian, Varujan  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, László  Search this
Eames, Ray Kaiser  Search this
Burgess, Lowry  Search this
Burnham, Jack  Search this
Blee, Michael  Search this
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Johnson, Philip  Search this
Hélion, Jean  Search this
Ts?ai, Wen-ying  Search this
Osborn, Robert Chesley  Search this
Tange, Kenzo  Search this
Tovish, Harold  Search this
Nusberg, Lev  Search this
Lynch, Kevin  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Read, Herbert Edward  Search this
Gropius, Walter  Search this
Calder, Alexander  Search this
Kowalski, Piotry  Search this
Kepes, Juliet  Search this
Steinberg, Saul  Search this
Wolff, Robert Jay  Search this
Brazdys, Konslancija  Search this
Hayter, Stanley William  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster),  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl  Search this
Wurster, William Wilson  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Richards, I. A. (Ivor Armstrong),  Search this
Zvilna, Jekabs  Search this
Takis, Vassilakis  Search this
Dreyfuss, Henry  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
McLuhan, Marshall  Search this
Piene, Otto  Search this
Tacha, Athena  Search this
Egawa, Kazuhiko  Search this
Center for Advanced Visual Studies  Search this
Illinois Institute of Technology  Search this
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Saidenberg Gallery  Search this
Triennale di Milano  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Sketchbooks
Topic:
City planning  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Art  Search this
Times Square (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7252
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209402
AAA_collcode_kepegyor
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Movements and Schools
Architecture & Design
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209402

Jack and Rhea Case papers, 1917-1979

Creator:
Case, Jack  Search this
Case, Rhea, 1913-2005  Search this
Subject:
Arensberg, Walter  Search this
Wood, Beatrice  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Arensberg, Louis  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Brancusi, Constantin  Search this
Scheyer, Galka E.  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Ceramics  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7348
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209501
AAA_collcode_casejack
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209501

On Miguel Covarrubias

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2012-07-16T18:46:52Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Cic8qRfzBJo

Conan O' Brien As Seen by Artist John Kascht

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-03-25T18:25:22Z
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
NatlPortraitGallery
YouTube Channel:
NatlPortraitGallery
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_IpUE-oMpjNE

Theaster Gates - Processions: Plantation Lullabies

Creator:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2018-03-05T16:44:06Z
Topic:
Art, modern  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
hirshhornmuseum
YouTube Channel:
hirshhornmuseum
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_S7u6WiNjvrU

Bob's School Days

Maker:
McLoughlin Bros., Inc.  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
cotton (book binding tape material)
attached with string (overall connector/connecting technique)
printed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 27.3 cm x 23.4 cm x .5 cm; 10 3/4 in x 9 7/32 in x 3/16 in
Object Name:
book
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
circa 1880
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Richard Lodish American School Collection
ID Number:
2017.0095.008
Accession number:
2017.0095
Catalog number:
2017.0095.008
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Education
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746b3-7d5a-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1842662

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) advertising lithographs, actors, caricatures

Collection Source:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 28
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942-1943
Collection Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Collection Citation:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection / Series 3: Motion Pictures, Publicity Stills, Advertisements, and Souvenir Programs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1471-ref32

Esquire Magazine, Il Duce, caricature, Arthur Szyk, artist

Collection Source:
Sardino, Robert C.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942
Collection Restrictions:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research.
Collection Citation:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection
Robert L. Sardino Movie Theater Collection / Series 1: Personal Papers and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1471-ref5

Humphrey Family Postcard Album

Collector:
Humphrey, Joseph  Search this
Humphrey, Marion  Search this
Humphrey Family  Search this
Names:
Humphrey, Charles Frederick, General  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Cubic feet (1 box)
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Greeting cards
Postcards
Picture postcards
Date:
ca. 1905-1906.
Summary:
An album of postcards dating from 1903 to 1907, including some that are unsent and undated. Many are addressed to members of the Humphrey family, but the individual who created the album is unknown.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of a single album of postcards that are both correspondence and blank. Postcards that were mailed are dated from 1903 to 1906; others are undated. Many of the postcards are reproductions of scenic images from places including, but not limited to, New York City, New York, Atlantic City, New Jersey, Annapolis, Maryland, and Nice, France. Other postcards are Christmas holiday cards, and there are several cartoon postcards of the story Madame Butterfly. There are four "real photo" postcards on photographic postcard paper. The recipients of the postcards vary, and there is no information as to who compiled the album. Several addressees of the postcards are members of the Humphrey family.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1: Postcard Album, 1903-1907
Biographical / Historical:
Many members of the Humphrey family experienced long and distinguished careers in the military. Charles Frederick Humphrey Sr. was born in Tioga County, New York on September 2, 1844. His military career began at the age of eighteen when he enlisted in the Fifth Artillery, regular army, in March 1863, as a Private. Humphrey married Juanita Foster DaCosta and the union produced five sons; Evan Harris, Charles Frederick Jr., Julian F., Marion Bell and Joseph DaCosta. Humphrey's military service spanned forty four years. He was the first recipient of the Civil War Campaign Medal and also received the Medal of Honor and Distinguished Service Cross. When Humphrey retired on July 1, 1907, Congress honored his service with the rank of Major General, mostly based on the recommendation of President Taft. After retirement Humphrey resided in Washington, D.C. and his five sons continued the tradition of long military service.

Sons Evan Harris (March 5, 1875-August 30, 1963) and Charles Frederick Jr. (August 11, 1876-January 22, 1968) retired as Brigadier Generals of the United States Army. Another son, Marion Bell Humphrey (September 15, 1887-August 20, 1953) retired as a Colonel of the United States Marine Corps. Julian F. Humphrey retired from the United States Merchant Marine and lastly Joseph Da Costa Humphrey also retired from military service. Charles Frederick Humphrey Sr. died on June 4, 1926 at the age of 81 at Walter Reed General Hospital and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors. Other members of the Humphrey family are also buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Provenance:
Provenance unknown. The album was found in the collections of the National Air and Space Museum Archives.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. : Album pages are slightly warped, and some are torn where they secure the postcards; some postcards are worn around the edges and slightly torn.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Wit and humor  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Tourism  Search this
Caricatures and cartoons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums -- 1900-1920
Greeting cards
Postcards -- 1900-1910
Picture postcards -- 1900-1920
Citation:
Humphrey Family Postcard Album, ca. 1905-1906. Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1196
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1196

Pete Claussen Collection of American Flag Magazine Covers

Creator:
Claussen, Pete  Search this
Extent:
7 Cubic feet (21 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Magazines (periodicals)
Date:
1941-1943
Summary:
American magazines and magazine covers dating from 1941 through 1943 with illustrations of the American flag collected and donated by Pete Claussen.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains American periodicals and periodical covers dating from 1941 through 1943 that depict the American flag. There is one cover dating from 1941. Series one consists of the periodicals and periodical covers. Oversized materials are located at the end of the collection but are alphabetized in the container list. Series two is composed of period ephemera related to the flag.

The artwork on the covers illustrates the flag in a variety of styles, from a small inset on an unrelated image to a color spread encompassing nearly the entire cover. In some instances, the flag appears in patriotic scenes of American life on the home front while in others it appears in battle or in close proximity to specific factories or consumer products.

Beyond their covers, the periodicals contain a snapshot of American life during the middle years of the Second World War. They include an extremely broad range of interests and topics ranging from embalming practices to railroad employee journals. War-related themes are conveyed in the form of patriotic articles, practical advice and knowledge, jokes, and caricatures of enemies. Photographs provide a visual depiction of day-to-day life during the period. Periodicals in the collection include magazines, comic books, community newspapers, and story collections. Most are imprinted with a date of publication or copyright and many include the "United We Stand" slogan. Non-periodical materials in the collection include a "United We Stand" postcard, an Indiana public schools syllabus entitled "Character Education," and a booklet entitled "Make and Mend for Victory" with instructions for making clothing wear longer. A reprint of a letter of appreciation for high achievement in the production of war equipment sent to the White Motor Company by the Under Secretary of War is included, along with a similar letter to the Hoover Company. Also part of this series is a 1942 magazine which captures the patriotic spirit of the time but does not depict the American flag.

This collection represents a contribution to the understanding of American patriotism and patriotic symbolism in American life, as well as mutually beneficial collaboration between the United States government and private industry.

In July 2002, Mr. Pete Claussen, a member of the Museum's National Board, viewed the exhibit July 1942: United We Stand (http://www.americanhistory.si.edu). The exhibition featured American flag cover art. Most of the covers in the exhibition were loaned to the Museum. Mr. Claussen became so interested in the covers that he began collecting them and donating them to the Museum.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in two series.

Series 1, Magazine Flag Covers, 1941-1943

Series 2, Ephemera, 1942-1943
Biographical / Historical:
The National Publishers Association coordinated a campaign with the United States Department of the Treasury in the summer of 1942 to feature the American flag on magazine covers. Paul MacNamara, a publicist with the Hearst Corporation in New York, conceived of the campaign. The magazine industry could demonstrate its patriotism and the importance of magazines to American morale and at the same time justify its use of paper and other resources in the face of rationing. The Treasury Department endorsed the program and assisted magazine publishers by organizing store displays designed to show off the covers to the public. The federal government benefited from the campaign as many magazines, at the request of the Treasury Department, ran advertisements for war bonds. About five hundred magazines participated in this campaign.

The campaign rules required that the flag was not to have any overprinting, was to be displayed according to flag protocol, and was to appear with the motto "United We Stand." The motto, long a part of American history, came from the 1768 ballad The Liberty Song by John Dickenson. The United States Flag Association, in support of the "United We Stand" campaign, selected winning cover designs and awarded its Patriotic Service Cross to eight magazines and the Cross of Honor to the grand prize winner. Harper's Bazzar, House and Garden, Infantry Journal, The Merck Report, Modern Industry, NYLIC Review, This Week and Time earned the Patriotic Service Cross. The House and Garden cover, as the grand prizewinner, also was awarded the Cross of Honor.

The Treasury Department attempted to reprise the campaign again in 1943, but participation was scattered and not on the same level as the original 1942 campaign.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Ivory Soap Advertising Collection, 1883-1998 (AC0791)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana (AC0060)

Fred S. Rosenau Papers, 1944-1945 (AC0478)

Jes Wilhelm Schlaikjer Poster Collection, 1942-1952 (AC0546)

Some of the magazines in this collection are in bound editions in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries.
Provenance:
Donated by Pete Claussen in May 2004 and January 2007.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Copyright held by the Smithsonian Institution. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Topic:
Flags -- United States  Search this
Patriotism  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Magazines (periodicals) -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Pete Claussen Collection of American Flag Magazine Covers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0860
See more items in:
Pete Claussen Collection of American Flag Magazine Covers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0860
Online Media:

Leon Weinraub Chicago World's Fair Scrapbook

Collector:
Weinraub, Leon  Search this
Names:
Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Postcards
Menus
Scrapbooks
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Date:
1933
Summary:
One scrapbook, assembled by Leon Weinraub, documenting the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. The scrapbook contains postcards, photographs, menus, and other ephemera from the Fair.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a souvenir scrapbook printed by the organizers of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. Contents from the Fair include: Postcards, admission pass (signed by Jean Harlowe), photos, autographs, correspondence, menus, caricatures, and other ephemera. Leon Weinraub included additional material from 1924 and 1934-1937 (not inclusive). These items are an address book, photos, correspondence and newspaper clippings. Materials consist of approximately 1 cubic foot.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Leon Weinraub was born in 1910. He was a member of the Evening Sun Newsboy's Band in Baltimore Maryland. In 1933 he was in Chicago attending the University of Chicago art school. He was also an employee at the Antiseptic Super Bandage exhibit at the World's Fair. After the fair ended, he worked for the Typewriter Specialists and changed his name to Leon Traub.
Provenance:
Leon Weinraub's daughter, Ms. Gail Leon of Bethesda, Maryland, donated this scrapbook in 2000.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- Chicago (Ill.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Postcards -- 1930-1940
Menus
Scrapbooks -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Leon Weinraub 1933 Chicago World's Fair Scrapbook, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0746
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0746

Martin M. Branner Collection of the "Winnie Winkle" Comic Strip

Creator:
Branner, Martin M.  Search this
Source:
Graphic Arts, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Former owner:
Graphic Arts, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
8 Cubic feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Clippings
Reproductions
Comics
Date:
1920-1961
Scope and Contents note:
28 scrapbooks containing proofs and newspaper clippings (i.e., reproductions) of the comic strip "Winnie Winkle" from 37 complete years (1920, 1922-45, 1950-61) of daily black-and-white strips and color Sunday editions. Evidently, the clippings from 1946 1949 were lost at some point prior to the acquisition of this collection by the Smithsonian. This material is of significance as the cartoonist's own collection of his work.
Biographical/Historical note:
"Winnie Winkle, the Breadwinner" was a comic strip written and drawn by Martin M. Branner. The main character is Winnie Winkle, "a poor, but pretty working goil, [who] is struggling to support her little family." The concept was an untraditional one at the time of the strip's first appearance in 1920. The strip lasted in daily and Sunday newspapers until 1961.
Related Archival Materials:
Original pen drawings by Branner in Graphic Arts collections, NMAH (part of same accession).
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Martin M. Branner, October 1967.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Caricatures and cartoons -- 1920-1970  Search this
Cartoonists  Search this
Cartoon characters -- 1920-1970  Search this
Comic books, strips, etc. -- 1920-1970  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Reproductions
Comics -- 1920-1970
Citation:
Item title and date, Martin M. Branner Collection of the "Winnie Winkle" Comic Strip, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0265
See more items in:
Martin M. Branner Collection of the "Winnie Winkle" Comic Strip
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0265
Online Media:

Groucho Marx Collection

Artist:
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Collector:
Marx, Groucho (Julius Henry), 1890-1977 (comedian)  Search this
Names:
Four Nightingales  Search this
Marx Brothers  Search this
Paramount Pictures  Search this
RKO Pictures (studio)  Search this
Three Nightingales  Search this
United Artists  Search this
Warner Brothers  Search this
Marx, Chico  Search this
Marx, Harpo  Search this
Palmer, Minnie  Search this
Extent:
12 Cubic feet (39 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Personal papers
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Photographic prints
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Correspondence
Place:
Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Date:
1911-1978
Scope and Contents:
Series 1: Correspondence, 1932-1977 is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. In 1965, Marx gave the Library of Congress a portion of his correspondence with well-known personages. The majority of the correspondence in this collection dates from the post World War II era (Marx's early correspondence is located at the Library of Congress.) This series includes correspondence from well-known persons, fans, admirers and friends. There is an extensive amount of correspondence with the screenwriter Nunnally Johnson. The series includes letters concerning public relations, Walt Disney caricatures of the Marx Brothers, The Grouchophile permission letters, unidentified correspondence and one letter from Chico Marx to Gummo Marx.

Series 2: Publications, Manuscripts and Print Articles by Marx, 1930-1958, undated is arranged chronologically with circa and undated material placed before the book manuscripts. This series contains written material by Groucho Marx excepting scripts and sketches. The series includes articles written by Marx for national magazines, various speeches and manuscripts for three of Marx's books.

Series 3: Scripts and Sketches, 1939-1959, undated, is arranged alphabetically with television scripts and sketches placed before full-length movie and theatre scripts. This series contains television, motion picture and theatre scripts and sketches, monologues, and related written material pertaining to works starring or featuring Marx. It also contains scripts for the one theatrical play written by Marx, A Time for Elizabeth.

Series 4: Scrapbooks, 1923-1978 is arranged chronologically and contains sixteen scrapbooks spanning Marx's career from his first Broadway success, I'll Say She Is to the year after his death. Of particular interest are the early scrapbooks for the Marx Brothers career, a scrapbook spanning the years 1934-1958 complied by Marx himself for his daughter Melinda, a photographic scrapbook compiled by the staff of Life magazine documenting a 1963 magazine layout of Marx and his then wife Eden Hartford Marx. There is also a scrapbook devoted to Chico Marx's brief career as a bandleader in the mid-late 1940s.

Series 5: Music,circa 1930-1975, undated is arranged alphabetically and includes original music manuscripts written by Marx and songs for Marx's shows and motion pictures and unidentified manuscripts perhaps written by Marx, his friends, his daughter Melinda or her music teacher. It also includes commercially produced sheet music purchased by Marx, copies of songs featured in Marx's motion pictures, music from "Minnie's Boys the theatrical production based on the Marx Brothers and their mother, an autographed copy of "Stay Down Here Where You Belong" by Irving Berlin, songs written by Marx published commercially, and Marx's copy of a collection of songs by Gilbert and Sullivan.

Series 6: Publicity, ca. 1911-1977 contains theatre programs, motion picture reviews, newspaper clippings both foreign and domestic, record album covers, a book cover and one poster of the Marx Brothers. There are items related specifically to Chico Marx. This series is arranged chronologically.

Series 7: Artwork and Photographs, 1911-1976, undatedis arranged according to subject matter and includes artwork, features cartoons and caricatures of the Marx Brothers by various artists including the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer art department and Hirschfield, sketches of the Marx Brothers by Sheila Smith, Peggy Jacobs, Bridget Crowe and Mark E. Williams (all probably fans of the Marx Brothers), various candid photographs, publicity photographs and studio portraits of Marx, his brothers, his immediate family, correspondence and related images and photographic negatives and transparencies.

Series 8: Personal and Family Documents, 1925-1975, undated contains documents relating to Marx's personal life and his brothers Chico Marx, Harpo Marx, and his daughter Melinda. Of particular interest is Marx's copy of the transcript of his divorce deposition from Eden Hartford Marx, two proclamations from the City of Los Angeles and a portfolio cover made for him by his daughter Melinda. This series is arranged chronologically.

Series 9: Audiovisual, 1929-1970 includes home movies of Groucho, brothers Harpo and Chico, and Groucho's wife and children as well as film and kinescope copies of television programs featureing Groucho as the star or guest.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 9 series.

Series 1: Correspondence,1932-1977

Series 2: Publications, Manuscripts, and Print Articles by Groucho Marx, 1930-1958, undated

Series 3: Scripts and Sketches, 1939-1959, undated

Series 4: Scrapbooks, 1923-1978

Series 5: Music, circa 1930-1975, undated

Subseries 5.1: Original Music Manuscrpts

Subseries 5.2: Commercially Produced Sheet Music and Collections

Series 6: Publicity, circa 1911-1977

Series 7: Artwork and Photographs, 1911-1976, undated

Subseries 7.1: Artwork

Subseries 7.2: Photographs

Subseries 7.3: Photographic Negatives and Transparencies

Series 8: Personal and Family Documents, 1925-1978, undated

Series 9: Audiovisual

Subseries 9.1: Moving Images

Subseries 9.2: Sound Recordings
Biographical / Historical:
One of 20th century America's most enduring comics and cultural icons was Groucho Marx. Julius Henry Marx, better known as Groucho, was born in New York City on October 2, 1890. He was the third of five sons born to Minna and Samuel Marx. Minna's brother, Al Shean, was a part of the well-known vaudeville team, Gallagher and Shean.

The Marx family consisted of five boys: Leonard (Chico), Arthur (Harpo), Julius (Groucho), Milton (Gummo) and Herbert (Zeppo). The family lived in the Yorkville section of New York City. Groucho had a high soprano singing voice and his first job was singing in the choir of an Episcopal church. He joined Gus Hall and his vaudeville troupe when he was eleven. Groucho attended P.S. 86 but never went beyond the 7th grade. Minna organized the Three Nightingales with Groucho, Gummo and a girl singer. The girl was eventually replaced by a boy tenor and Harpo joined the troupe. The name of the group was changed to The Four Nightingales. Minnie acted as the group's manager. The group became known as the Marx Brothers with everyone except Gummo taking part in the act. The family moved to Chicago ca. 1904 where their grandfather lived.

The brothers toured the South and Midwest performing a vaudeville skit called, "Fun in Hiskule". It is noted that the comedy act began in Nacogdoches, Texas. The Marx Brothers first big success came in 1919 with their vaudeville act entitled "Home Again". In 1920, they were booked into the Palace Theatre in New York City and played there for thirteen months. They were later banished from the circuit due to a contract violation - they had accepted employment without Albee's permission. Groucho married Ruth Johnson on February 4th, 1920 and divorced her in July 1942. They had one daughter, Miriam and one son, Arthur born in 1921.

In 1923, they toured with the show, "I'll Say She Is", a collection of vaudeville routines that Groucho had written in collaboration. The show ran on Broadway for thirty-eight weeks. On December 8, 1925, the brothers (using their nicknames professionally for the first time) opened on Broadway in "The Cocoanuts". The play was written expressly for them by George S. Kaufman and Morris Ryskind with music by Irving Berlin. The brothers made a silent film circa 1924 called "Humor Risk" but it was never released. "Animal Crackers" opened on October 23, 1928. It was in this show that Groucho created one of his most famous characters, Captain Spaulding, the African explorer. Groucho was by this time paired with Margaret Dumont, stooge and foil, whom Groucho claimed never, really understood the Marx Brothers comedy.

On the strength of their success in "The Cocoanuts", they were signed to a film contract. In 1929, they made the film version of "The Cocoanuts" while performing "Animal Crackers" on the stage. Their mother, Minna Marx died the same year. The following year they starred in the film version of "Animal Crackers". Both films were made in New York City. In 1931, Groucho moved to Hollywood where The Marx Brothers made thirteen films. The brothers signed with Paramount Pictures and made "Monkey Business" (1931), "Horsefeathers" (1932) and "Duck Soup" (1933) while at the studio. In 1933, Zeppo left the troupe and Samuel Marx died.

In February 1934, Groucho and Chico teamed up in a radio program called, "Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel", about characters who were comic lawyers. In March 1934, they replaced Ethel Waters on a weekly radio series sponsored by the American Oil Company. In 1935, the brothers starred in "A Night at the Opera" for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, a film produced by Irving Thalberg and a sequel, "A Day at the Races" (1937). In addition to working for MGM, the brothers starred in "Room Service" (1938) for the RKO studio.

The brothers discontinued the act in September 1941 but reunited for the film "A Night in Casablanca" (1946) and "Love Happy" (1949). Groucho found work as a solo artist making films for RKO, Warner Brothers and Paramount. In March 1943, the Pabst Blue Ribbon Brewery sponsored a half-hour variety show on CBS starring Groucho. Groucho married his second wife, Catherine "Kay" Gorcey in July 1945, they had one daughter Melinda. They divorced in 1951. Groucho continued to guest on many radio shows and continued to be at his peak when ad-libbing. John Guedel created "You Bet Your Life" for Groucho in October 1947. The show aired over the ABC radio network. It moved to CBS and in 1950 it was purchased by NBC and ran on television until 1961. The show ran for a total of four years on radio and eleven years on television. Groucho won radio's Peabody Award as best comedian on radio in 1948; an Emmy award in 1951; and the Motion Picture Daily Annual TV poll from 1951-1954.

Groucho was also musical. He played the guitar, but never as part of his shows. He was also an author and a playwright. He wrote the stage play, "A Time for Elizabeth", in 1948 with Norman Krasna. The play ran for eight days on Broadway but had longer runs in summer stock. In July 1954, Groucho married his third and final wife Eden Hartford. They divorced in December of 1969. In 1967, Simon and Schuster published excerpts from letters Groucho had donated to the Library of Congress in 1965. The book was entitled The Groucho Letters. Groucho authored other books, Groucho and Me (1959) his autobiography, The Secret Word is Groucho (1976) with Hector Arce and The Grouchophile (1976).

Groucho retired in 1961 but in 1972 with the help Erin Fleming, his companion and manager since 1969, he toured in a solo act. The show entitled, "An Evening with Groucho" played Carnegie Hall in New York City in May 1972. Groucho was made a Commander of the French Order of Arts and Letters at the Cannes Film Festival in 1972. In 1974, Groucho received an honorary Academy Award (Oscar) for the contribution of the Marx Brothers to the art of film. Marx died on August 19th, 1977.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Julius H. (Groucho) Marx, through the Estate of Groucho Marx, August 5, 1987.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Reference copies of audiovisual materials must be used.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Comedians -- 1920-1970  Search this
Entertainment  Search this
Radio comedies  Search this
Comedy  Search this
Theater  Search this
Radio programs  Search this
Vaudeville  Search this
Television programs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Personal papers
Photographs -- 20th century
Motion pictures (visual works)
Photographic prints
Scrapbooks
Sheet music
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Groucho Marx Collection, 1911-1978, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0269
See more items in:
Groucho Marx Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0269
Online Media:

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