Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
494 documents - page 1 of 25

Virginia Drew Watson papers

Creator:
Watson, Virginia  Search this
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009  Search this
Cole, J. David, 1941-  Search this
Extent:
8.13 Linear feet (20 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Brazil
Papua New Guinea
Mato Grosso (Brazil : State)
Papua New Guinea -- Social life and customs
Papua New Guinea -- Antiquities
Date:
1930-2001
Summary:
Virginia Drew Watson was a cultural anthropologist best known for her work in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. Her papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. The majority of the field work relates to her work in Papua New Guinea, both with her husband (James B. Watson) and with J. David Cole, but there are also materials related to her work in Brazil.
Scope and Contents:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers attest to a variety of interests related to culture and culture change, drawing on resources both archaeological and ethnographic. Her work could be conveniently separated into four areas: Brazil, Plains and Caddo Indians, Papua New Guinea ethnographic, and Papua New Guinea archaeology with Cole. This collection contains catalogs, correspondence, drawings, field notes, grant proposals, manuscripts, maps, photographs, publications, reports, and slides. Most of the correspondence is with colleagues doing related work in other museums or universities in the United States or Australia. A small part of the correspondence is with friends, including missionaries, who report relevant information of interest. The collection includes original field notes from Brazil, including notes from a lecture by Radcliffe-Brown in 1943. There are also original field notes from the Tairora, Agarabi, and Gadsup groups in Highland New Guinea. In addition, this collection includes a list of Watson's publications, a copy of most of them, and some reviews.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: (1) Correspondence, 1930s-2000; (2) Brazil, 1943-1955, 1966; (3) New Guinea, 1949-2000; (4) Manuscripts, 1939-2001; (5) Books/Monographs, 1942-1977, 1997; (6) Slides of PEHNG Archeological Sites, 1965-1973, undated
Biographical Note:
Virginia Drew Watson was born on June 17, 1918, in Tomah, Wisconsin. Her undergraduate work was completed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she received a PhB in Sociology (1940). She conducted graduate work for both AM (1943) and PhD (1965) degrees at the University of Chicago. She was a Fellow of both the American Anthropological Association and the Royal Anthropological Institute.

Virginia Watson's early work was in archaeology, but later she pursued both archaeology and socio-cultural anthropology. She married James B. Watson, a cultural anthropologist, in 1943. During that year they went to Brazil, where Virginia Watson's work was primarily ethnographic among the Cayua Indians of Mato Grosso. On the trip returning from the field to Sao Paulo the Watsons stopped at the archaeological site of Ciudad Real del Guayra. From 1944 to 1945 Watson worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The Watsons made two trips to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. The first, 1954-1955, was funded by the Ford Foundation. Watson focused on socio-cultural aspects of the Tairora and Agarabi groups, and her work resulted in the 1965 publication of her dissertation, "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change." The Watsons' second Papua New Guinea trip was in 1963-1964. It was sponsored by the National Science Foundation and focused on the Tairora and Gadsup groups. For Virginia Watson, the second trip was partly connected to archaeological work previously carried out by J. David Cole. Due to illness, he was unable to analyze the mass of material (25,000 objects) that he had collected. Watson analyzed the material and produced publications, one of which was in collaboration with Cole.

Virginia Watson often held one or more part-time positions. As a graduate student in 1942, she was a part-time Lecturer in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. On returning from Brazil, the Watsons moved to Oklahoma University in Norman for one year. There, Watson supervised archeology students in sorting and putting in order the university collection of artifacts as well as directing them in the field. From 1948 to 1953 Watson was a Lecturer at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, and she also directed students in field work. During the St. Louis years the Watsons spent two summers studying the Anglo-Spanish community in Colorado. From 1957 to 1963 she was a Lecturer at Seattle University and from 1961 to 1971 she was also an Occasional Lecturer at the University of Washington, Seattle. From 1969 to 1989 Watson held the position of Affiliate Curator at the Burke Museum, University of Washington. After she retired, Virginia Watson spent her winters in Florida and her summers in Boulder, Colorado.

Virginia Watson died in 2007.

Sources Consulted

Watson, Virgina Drew. "Curriculum vitae, 2001, For National Anthropological Archives." Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

"James Watson III." Bangor Daily News, December 10, 2009.

Chronology

1918 -- Born on June 17 in Tomah, Wisconsin

1940 -- Earned PhB in Sociology from University of Wisconsin-Madison

1942 -- Lecturer in archaeology at the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago

1943 -- Earned AM from University of Chicago Married James B. Watson Field research of the Cayua Indians, Mato Grosso, Brazil

1944-1945 -- Worked in the Cultural Relations Department of the American Consulate General in Sao Paulo, Brazil

1947 -- Special Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oklahoma, Norman

1948-1953 -- Lecturer in anthropology and archaeology at Washington University in St. Louis

1949-1950 -- Field research of the Anglo-Spanish community, Del Norte, Colorado

1953-1955 -- First field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1957-1963 -- Lecturer in anthropology at Seattle University

1961-1971 -- Lecturer in anthropology at the University of Washington, Seattle

1963-1964 -- Second field research trip to the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea

1965 -- Earned PhD from the University of Chicago Published dissertation: "Agarabi Female Roles and Family Structure, a study of socio-cultural change"

1969-1989 -- Affiliate Curator of Melanesian Archaeology at the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington

2007 -- Died
Related Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives also has the papers of Virginia D. Watson's husband, James Bennett Watson.
Provenance:
Virginia Drew Watson donated her papers to the National Anthropological Archives in 2002.
Restrictions:
The Virginia Drew Watson papers are open for research.

Access to the Virginia Drew Watson papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Citation:
Virginia Drew Watson papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2002-12
See more items in:
Virginia Drew Watson papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2002-12

MS 254 People and Language of the Adai of Louisiana

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
43 Pages
Culture:
Caddo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Biographical / Historical:
Submitted for publication
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 254
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 254, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS254
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms254

MS 256 Caddoquis language vocabulary

Creator:
Sibley, John, 1757-1837  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Caddo -- vocabulary  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1804
1879
Scope and Contents:
Original 2pp. Reprint by Dr. Sibley, "agent for the Caddos," from the American Naturalist, December, 1879, with corrections by A. S. Gatschet.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 256
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 256, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS256
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms256

MS 258 List of Caddo clans and tribal divisions, with notes on languages

Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Caddo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1891
Scope and Contents:
Also 1 page rough notes by Mooney from which the proceeding was prepared, with additional brief notes apparently on Caddo informants , but headed, "Biloxi and Pascagoula".
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 258
Citation:
Manuscript 258, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS258
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms258

MS 245 Kiowa, Comanche and Wichita Agency; printed ration lists, with Indian and English names for Caddo, Tawakoni, Wichita, Kichai, and Waco Indians

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Creator:
United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Kiowa Agency  Search this
Extent:
1 Sheet
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Tawakoni Indians  Search this
Kichai  Search this
Waco Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Keeche Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
dated 188-
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 245
Local Note:
Printed forms
Citation:
Manuscript 245, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS245
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms245

MS 243 Caddo vocabulary

Creator:
Macgowan, Daniel Jerome, 1815-1893  Search this
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Annotator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Caddo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
September 1865
Scope and Contents:
Two copies, as follows: 243-a. Original, in printed Smithsonian outline. 10 double pages. (10 microframes.) 243-b. Copy in hand of George Gibbs. 6 pages. On page 6, the entries for the numerals 1-10 are questioned and marked, "Shawnee?" in the hand of John R. Swanton; he has added two columns giving the numerals in Yatasi and Caddo.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 243-a-b
Topic:
Numbers -- Caddo  Search this
Numbers -- atasi  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 243-a-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS243
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms243

Necklace

Culture/People:
possibly Caddo (attributed); collected from the Oklahoma Delaware  Search this
Previous owner:
Ahpahmala Drum, Oklahoma Delaware  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Necklace
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/1140
Barcode:
021140.000
See related items:
Caddo
Oklahoma Delaware
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_22453
Online Media:

Caddo Indians Chasing Buffalo, Cross Timbers, Texas

Artist:
George Catlin, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1796-died Jersey City, NJ 1872  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
19 5/8 x 27 1/2 in. (49.7 x 70.0 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1846-1848
Topic:
Figure group\male  Search this
Animal\horse  Search this
Occupation\hunter  Search this
Animal\buffalo  Search this
Landscape\Texas\Cross Timbers  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
Object number:
1985.66.589
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7827afce4-dd11-435e-bd9a-9760c939eec5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1985.66.589

Bead Necklace Made By Woman

Collector:
Dr. Edward Palmer  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Edward Palmer  Search this
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Object Type:
Necklace
Place:
Not Given
Accession Date:
1868
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
001317
USNM Number:
E6958-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f4bb5205-4137-48e9-bcf8-5d7d1ca5c7bc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8475286
Online Media:

Ceramic vessel: "Hasinai Twins"

Collector:
Dr. J. D. Rogers  Search this
Donor Name:
Jereldine Redcorn  Search this
Circumference - Widest Point Of Vessel:
ca. 63.5 cm
Diameter - Mouth Opening Of Vessel:
ca. 11 cm
Diameter - Base Of Vessel:
ca 6 cm
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Object Type:
Vessel
Place:
Norman, Oklahoma, United States, North America
Accession Date:
30 May 2014
Collection Date:
1 Oct 2007
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2060431
USNM Number:
E432917-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b2c556be-c9f7-4d15-9bbc-29f6d99e7e1a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_10296258
Online Media:

Ceramic vessel: "Panther Rattlesnake Bottle"

Collector:
Dr. J. D. Rogers  Search this
Donor Name:
Jereldine Redcorn  Search this
Circumference - Widest Point Of Vessel:
ca. 68.5 cm
Diameter - Mouth Opening Of Vessel:
ca. 5.7 cm
Diameter - Base Of Vessel:
ca 9 cm
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Object Type:
Vessel
Place:
Norman, Oklahoma, United States, North America
Accession Date:
30 May 2014
Collection Date:
1 Oct 2007
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2060431
USNM Number:
E432918-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f401dbb0-eb99-45b4-a387-92da9c3809f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_10296259
Online Media:

Ceramic vessel: "Bell Dance"

Collector:
Dr. J. D. Rogers  Search this
Donor Name:
Jereldine Redcorn  Search this
Circumference - Widest Point Of Vessel:
ca. 68.5 cm
Diameter - Mouth Opening Of Vessel:
ca. 4.8 cm
Diameter - Base Of Vessel:
ca 10 cm
Culture:
Caddo  Search this
Object Type:
Vessel
Place:
Norman, Oklahoma, United States, North America
Accession Date:
30 May 2014
Collection Date:
1 Oct 2007
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
2060431
USNM Number:
E432919-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/372a01b6e-03ab-4c05-8024-6563a94c77dc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_10296260
Online Media:

Caddo Indian Mounds

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 16: Division of Archaeology / 16.5: Reference Files / Texas
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref11096

Swanton, John R. "Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians"

Collection Creator:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Container:
Box 20
Type:
Archival materials
Scope and Contents:
Includes plate 16.
Collection Restrictions:
Some materials are restricted.

Access to the Department of Anthropology records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Department of Anthropology Records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Department of Anthropology records
Department of Anthropology records / Series 22: Photographs of Specimens and Other Subjects (Processing Laboratory Photographs) / 22.2: Photographs arranged by publication / Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletins / BAE-B 132
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-xxxx-0311-ref14596

Fan (No image available)

Culture/People:
Caddo  Search this
Previous owner:
Joe Adman, Caddo  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Fan (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Bird wing
Techniques:
Wrapped
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Native Term:
na kin on on' a
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/2353
Barcode:
022353.000
See related items:
Caddo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_23805

Headdress (No image available)

Culture/People:
Caddo  Search this
Previous owner:
R. W. Dunlap, Caddo  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Feather/feathers
Techniques:
Wrapped, tied
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Native Term:
bat t!s
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/2348
Barcode:
022348.000
See related items:
Caddo
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_23800

Shinney/Shinny stick (No image available)

Culture/People:
Caddo  Search this
Previous owner:
Jenny Douglas, Caddo  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Shinney/Shinny stick (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
Native Term:
na ki ne tsus
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/2414
Barcode:
022414.000
See related items:
Caddo
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_23470

Roach and roach spreader (No image available)

Culture/People:
Caddo  Search this
Previous owner:
Harry White Bread, Caddo  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Roach and roach spreader (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Wood, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Native Term:
bat!o
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/2134
Barcode:
022134.000
See related items:
Caddo
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_23576
Online Media:

Arrow (No image available)

Culture/People:
Caddo  Search this
Previous owner:
Jo-o'i, Caddo  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Arrow (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Native Term:
ba' ha koc
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/2288
Barcode:
022288.000
See related items:
Caddo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_23736

Rattle (No image available)

Culture/People:
Caddo  Search this
Previous owner:
Jo-o'i, Caddo  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Rattle (No image available)
Media/Materials:
Gourd, wood, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Bead-wrapped
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Native Term:
kwi i ni
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/2235
Barcode:
022235.000
See related items:
Caddo
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_23681

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By