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Folder 17 C. Drexler, 1860

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 561, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, Correspondence and Memoranda
See more items in:
Correspondence and Memoranda
Correspondence and Memoranda / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0561-refidd1e412

Curators' Annual Reports

Creator::
United States National Museum  Search this
Extent:
49 cu. ft. (98 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Date:
1881-1964
Descriptive Entry:
The administration of the United States National Museum required curators to submit regular reports on the activities of the departments, divisions, and sections. Prior to about 1900 these reports were often made monthly and semiannually as well as annually. The reports were traditionally submitted to the Director of the National Museum to be used in preparing the published Annual Report of the United States National Museum. The individual reports, however, were not reproduced in their entirety in the published Annual Report and generally contain more information than is to be found in the published version.

Reports were stored by the Office of Correspondence and Reports (later known as the Office of Correspondence and Documents), and then by the Office of the Registrar.

Includes reports submitted to the Director of the United States National Museum by curators and administrators.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 158, United States National Museum, Curators' Annual Reports
Identifier:
Record Unit 158
See more items in:
Curators' Annual Reports
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0158
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Correspondence

Creator:
United States National Museum, Taxidermist  Search this
Extent:
0.3 linear meter.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1883-1889
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
This record unit includes an alphabetical file of correspondence of William Temple Hornaday as taxidermist and curator of living animals. The correspondence deals mainly with the collecting and shipping of specimens and live animals, Hornaday's trip to Montana in 1886, taxidermy, and the operations of Hornaday's departments. Correspondents include museum officials, collectors, shippers, and taxidermists.
Historical Note:
The history of taxidermy in the Smithsonian Institution, in its early years, closely parallels the development of the public exhibition role of the United States National Museum. Prior to 1858, specimens in the possession of the museum were made up chiefly for purposes of scientific study where the art of the taxidermist was not in great demand. The transfer of the national collections, including that of the Wilkes Exploring Expedition, from the Patent Office to the Smithsonian in 1858 formed the initial impetus for the development of the United States National Museum's exhibition series and of the skills needed to properly prepare and maintain it.

In 1858, the museum expended money for outside contractors to do taxidermic work and for the hiring of a staff member skilled in the art. C. Drexler, of Philadelphia, joined the museum staff in November of 1858 and remained on the payroll until 1860. Although he was not salaried staff after 1860, he continued to do piece work for the museum until 1866.

Taxidermic work lagged at the museum from 1866 to 1869. This apparently was due to the fire of 1865, which held up much new work at the Museum while the staff labored to repair the damage. In 1869, a small amount of work was contracted out, and a staff member, Jose Zeledon, was hired, who apparently did some taxidermic work from 1869 to 1872.

Increased appropriations from Congress in 1872 allowed the hiring of a permanent taxidermist, Joseph Palmer. Palmer was originally from England, where he assisted B. Waterhouse Hawkins with the restoration of extinct animals for the Crystal Palace. In 1868, Hawkins received a commission to perform similar work for Central Park in New York City and came to the United States accompanied by Palmer and his family. After the project was abandoned, Palmer stayed on as taxidermist at the Park, general assistant at the museum and later as head of the zoological garden. He left this position in 1872 to join the United States National Museum. In 1874, his son William also joined the taxidermic staff. Both Palmers continued their association with the Smithsonian until their deaths, Joseph in 1913 and William in 1921. In his later years, Joseph Palmer worked chiefly with the Department of Anthropology, modeling figures for exhibit.

William Temple Hornaday became taxidermist in 1882 and remained with the museum until 1889. Born in Indiana in 1854, he later moved to Iowa and entered Iowa State College. While there, Hornaday became interested in zoology and taxidermy and left college without graduating to study at Ward's National Science Establishment in Rochester, New York. In 1874, Ward's sent him on the first of his many collecting expeditions. These expeditions took him to Florida, Cuba, the West Indies, South America, and Asia.

When the position of chief taxidermist was offered to him in 1882, Hornaday accepted the appointment. In the course of his taxidermic work at the museum, Hornaday began to collect live animals to serve as models for his mountings. The public interest that these animals generated led to the creation of the Department of Living Animals in 1888 with Hornaday as its first curator. This eventually became the nucleus of the National Zoological Park, which was started in 1890. Hornaday was named the first superintendent, but policy differences arose that eventually led him to resign in 1890, and he moved to Buffalo, New York. In 1896, he became director of the New York Zoological Park and held that position for 30 years. On Hornaday's resignation, William Palmer was appointed chief taxidermist.
Topic:
Taxidermy  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 210, United States National Museum, Taxidermist, Correspondence
Identifier:
Record Unit 210
See more items in:
Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0210

Lasionycteris noctivagans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Sex:
Female
Place:
Moose Factory, Ontario, Canada, North America
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae, Myotinae
Published Name:
Lasionycteris noctivagans
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5295
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3912d3fdd-8c50-4869-ab7d-29bb7928d836
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7533063

Ictidomys tridecemlineatus

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Stage:
Juvenile
Place:
Upper Platte, Nebraska, United States, North America
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Ictidomys tridecemlineatus
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
4837
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3713f9aaa-055d-4d59-8390-60ebaa9cb4c7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7429732

Xerospermophilus spilosoma obsoletus

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Stage:
Juvenile
Place:
Upper Platte, Nebraska, United States, North America
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Xerospermophilus spilosoma obsoletus
Spermophilus spilosoma obsoletus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
4838
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/359ff2363-c22b-4144-9860-0671b8cdf40b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7429733

Pusa hispida

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Skin
Sex:
Unknown
Stage:
Young
Place:
Canada, North America
Collection Date:
10 Jul 1860
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Carnivora, Caniformia, Phocidae
Published Name:
Pusa hispida
Phoca hispida
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
4582
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36bf2ac95-bda3-43d8-b271-18bfe6193938
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225300

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
abdominal viscera removed
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5952
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/38c6f7d8b-b54a-44b7-9fb9-e6085dc9358d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225512
Online Media:

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
abdominal viscera removed
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5953
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3fd6aab04-d859-4a37-8ec1-ddeebaf07071
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225513
Online Media:

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Mounted Skin
Remainder in Fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5955
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30102c9bb-21ff-4adb-83ed-0206d4dccd12
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225515
Online Media:

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
abdominal viscera removed
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5956
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/36e2c0d88-f971-410e-8e43-07baa422eeda
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225516
Online Media:

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
body only, no skin or skull
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5957
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/34fe16df9-9fb4-4a52-9bfb-84097bf1c6aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225517
Online Media:

Urocitellus armatus

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus armatus
Spermophilus armatus Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5959
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3b3ae2edb-9bfb-4a11-8ac1-a4f3c83d93bf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225518
Online Media:

Urocitellus armatus

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus armatus
Spermophilus armatus Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5960
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/361bc1006-6b54-4bee-971c-8fcea4414ae1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225519
Online Media:

Myotis lucifugus lucifugus

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Skull
Remainder in Fluid
Sex:
Male
Place:
James Bay, Hudson Bay, Quebec, Canada, North America
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae, Myotinae
Published Name:
Myotis lucifugus lucifugus
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
Other Catalog Number : A0038595
USNM Number:
5376
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3630b10a0-5b4b-4f69-a65d-f490a29ee67e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225415

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Skull
Remarks:
skin only in fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
Other Catalog Number : A0004814
USNM Number:
5950
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/325262114-c435-4a71-b8bb-4122e82b3aec
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225510
Online Media:

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
abdominal viscera removed
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5951
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30bce27d9-412b-4c31-8aa1-46c1711b8e28
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225511
Online Media:

Urocitellus elegans elegans

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
abdominal viscera removed
Sex:
Unknown
Stage:
Young
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans elegans
Spermophilus elegans Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5954
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/393aaaa27-e84e-463a-ad76-218fde6f36c1
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225514
Online Media:

Urocitellus armatus

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Fluid
Remarks:
skin only in fluid
Sex:
Unknown
Type Citation:
Kennicott, R. 1863 Jun 30. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 15: 158.
Type Status:
Syntype
Place:
Fort Bridger, Uinta County, Wyoming, United States, North America
Collection Date:
1858
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Eutheria, Rodentia, Sciuromorpha, Sciuridae, Xerinae
Published Name:
Urocitellus armatus
Spermophilus armatus Kennicott, 1863
Other Numbers:
Mammals Field Number : No Number
USNM Number:
5961
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Mammals
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Mammals Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f24576e4-a38b-453a-8ce7-e20ca2c6a5bb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_7225520
Online Media:

Nyctea scandiaca

Collector:
C. Drexler  Search this
Preparation:
Skin: Whole
Sex:
Female
Stage:
Adult
Type Citation:
Ridgway, R. Jan 1874. History of North American Birds (Land Birds). History Of North American Birds (Land Birds). 3: 70.
Type Status:
Cotype
Place:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
4 Dec 1858
Common name:
Snowy Owl
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Aves, Strigiformes, Strigidae
Published Name:
Nyctea scandiaca
Nyctea scandiaca arctica "Gray (Ms.)" Ridgway in Baird et al.
Other Numbers:
Field Number : 11
USNM Number:
A12058
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Birds
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Birds Division
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/30008e3c9-a87a-4967-acca-27c943898f07
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_4139022

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