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James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West

Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Army  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Crook, George, 1829-1890  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Hickok, Wild Bill, 1837-1876  Search this
Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872  Search this
Kinman, Seth  Search this
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Richard, Louis  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Photographer:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), b. ca. 1836  Search this
Ebell, Adrian J. (Adrian John), 1840-1877  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Pywell, Wm. R. (William Redish), 1843-1886  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Extent:
4 Tintypes
3 Chromolithographs
3 Lithographs (3 chalk-manner lithographs)
1 Print (photogravure)
118 Pages (Scrapbook)
685 Prints (circa, albumen)
80 Items (circa 80 relief prints (including woodcuts and wood engraving))
30 Items (circa 30 intaglio prints (including etchings and engravings))
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Fox  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tintypes
Chromolithographs
Lithographs
Prints
Pages
Photographs
Newspapers
Woodcuts
Place:
Mexico
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
California
Oregon
Fort Davis (Tex.)
New Mexico
Fort Snelling (Minn.)
Arizona
Texas
San Juan Pueblo (N.M.)
Zuni (N.M.)
Kansas
Colorado
Date:
circa 1863-1900
Summary:
Scrapbook entitled "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War: Surveys, Expeditions, Mining and Scenery of the Great West," compiled by James E. Taylor, possibly as a source for his own illustrations.
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook entitled "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War: Surveys, Expeditions, Mining and Scenery of the Great West," compiled by James E. Taylor, possibly as a source for his own illustrations. The album includes photographs (mostly albumen with three tintypes), newsclippings, wood engravings, and lithographs, some of which are reproductions of Taylor's own illustrations and paintings. Photographs depict American Indians, US Army soldiers and scouts, historical sites, forts, and scenery. Some were made on expeditions, including the Hayden and Powell surveys, and created from published stereographs. Many of Taylor's illustrations are signed, and some are inscribed with dates and "N. Y." The scrapbook also includes clippings from newspapers and other written sources relating to illustrations and photographs in the album.
Biographical Note:
James E. Taylor (1839-1901) was an artist-correspondent for Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper from 1863-1883. Born in Cincinatti, Ohio, he graduated from Notre Dame University by the age of sixteen. Taylor enlisted in the 10th New York Infantry in 1861 and the next year was hired by Leslie's Illustrated newspaper as a "Special Artist" and war correspondent. In 1864 he covered the Shenandoah Valley campaign, and was later one of the illustrator-correspondents at the 1867 treaty negotiations at Medicine Lodge, Kansas. He soon earned the moniker "Indian Artist" because of his vast number of drawings of American Indians. In 1883 Taylor retired from Leslie's to work as a freelance illustrator. Colonel Richard Irving Dodge used Taylor's drawings to illustrate his memoir, "Our Wild Indians: Thirty-three Years' Personal Experience among the Red Men of the Great West" (1882).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4605
Related Materials:
The National Anthropolgical Archives holds additional photographs by photographers represented in this collection (including original negatives for some of these prints), particularly in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 87.

Additional photographs by Whitney, Gardner, and Barry held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 80-18.

Julian Vannerson and James E. McClees photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4286.

Pywell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4498.

O'Sullivan photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 4501.

Additional Hillers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 83-18 and Photo Lot 87-2N.
Provenance:
Donated or transferred by John Witthoft from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, April 14, 1961.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Church buildings  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Dance  Search this
White River Massacre, Colo., 1879  Search this
Painting  Search this
Washita Campaign, 1868-1869  Search this
Mormon Church -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Newspapers
Woodcuts
Tintypes
Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33fa281bf-1e72-4f26-ae86-8c8389244b4e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4605
Online Media:

Archives Center Wild West Collection

Creator:
Sapienza, Anthony  Search this
Names:
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Pawnee Bill, 1860-1942  Search this
Extent:
0.66 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Comic books
Design drawings
Itineraries
Programs
Sheet music
Date:
1884-1917, undated
Summary:
The collection consists of printed materials and ephemera relating to "Wild West" shows.
Content Description:
The collection consists of printed materials and ephemera relating to "Wild West" shows. It primarily includes dime novels, programs, sheet music, advertisements, artwork, and publications.
Arrangement:
Collection arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Wild West shows were performed across the United States from circa 1870-1920. The shows introduced the American West to a wider audience and primarily featured cowboys and Native Americans, loosely based on historical events. In addition, Wild West shows offered actors opportunities to display skills of showmanship.
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, NMAH.AC.0060

L.F. Foster Wild West Scrapbooks, Photographs, and Copy Negatives, NMAH.AC.1289

Sonora Carver Papers, NMAH.AC.0521
Provenance:
Collection donated by Anthony Sapienza in 2018.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Cowboys -- United States  Search this
Illustrated books, Children's  Search this
Rodeos -- United States  Search this
Western shows  Search this
Wild west shows  Search this
Genre/Form:
Comic books
Design drawings
Itineraries
Programs
Sheet music -- 20th century
Citation:
Archives Center Wild West Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1466
See more items in:
Archives Center Wild West Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8cacea61f-c70e-4546-be0a-bfe7cb4721cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1466

Matie Barry Moore collection of David F. Barry copy prints

Creator:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Names:
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Curly, approximately 1856-1923  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Gall, approximately 1840-1894  Search this
Goff, O. S. (Orlando Scott), 1843-1917  Search this
Grass, John Chief  Search this
Joseph (Nez Percé Chief), 1840-1904  Search this
Rain in the Face, approximately 1835-1905  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Extent:
40 Copy prints (black and white, 8x10 )
Culture:
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Date:
1874-1897
Summary:
This collection includes 40 copy prints of David F. Barry photographs which had been held by David Barry's sister, Matie (Barry) Moore. These were later copied by her brother-in-law Herbert O. Peterson. The copy prints include many of Barry's most famous portraits of Lakota leaders from at the end of the 19th century such as Tatanka Iyotanka (Sitting Bull) [Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)], Rain in the Face (Iromagaja/Ito-na-gaju/Ite-Mahazhu/I-Te-Amaghazhu/Exa-ma-gozua) [Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)], and Chief Gall (Pizi) [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)], among others.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 40 copy prints of David F. Barry photographs which had been held by David Barry's sister, Matie Barry Moore. It is likely that some of the photographs were originally shot by Orlando Scott Goff and later attributed to Barry, who may have printed them at a later date. The studio portraits of Native leaders include—Tatanka Iyotanka (Sitting Bull) [Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)], Rain in the Face (Iromagaja/Ito-na-gaju/Ite-Mahazhu/I-Te-Amaghazhu/Exa-ma-gozua) [Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)], Chief Gall (Pizi) [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)], Chief John Grass (Charging Bear/Mato-Wata-Kpe/Pah-zhe/Matowatakpe/Pehzi/Pe-ji/Used As A Shield), [Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)], Chief Joseph (Hinmuuttu-yalatlat [Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain]/In Mut Too Yah Lat Lat) [Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)], Chief Goose (Goos) [Ihanktonwan Nakota (Yankton Sioux)], Curley (Ashishishe) [Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)], Red Cloud (Makhpiya-luta [Scarlet Cloud]/Mahpina Luta) [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)], Crow King (Kangi-yatapi/Ka-Ge-Tou-Cha) [Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)], Chief Wild Horse [Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)], and Good Horse with his wife [Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)].

Additional non-Native portraits include—Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer, General F.W. Bentun, Captain Tom McDougal, Col. William F. Cody ("Buffalo Bill"), Matie Barry Moore, and Judge Kenshaw Landis. There are also a number of outdoor shots made in Dakota territory which include views of Sitting Bull's log cabin, Sitting Bull's camp, census taking on the Standing Rock reservation, Reno Crossing and Fort Lincoln in the snow. There is also an image of Barry's studio set up in Fort Buford. One image has been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Prints include catalog numbers P23561 - P23599.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
David Frances Barry (1854-1934) was a photographer who is most noted for his photographs of famous Native American leaders at the end of the 19th century. Growing up in Columbus, Wisconsin, Barry was hired by photographer Orlando Scott Goff, with whom he eventually partnered. From 1878 to 1883, Barry traversed Dakota Territory and Montana making many of his most widely known photographs of Native American leaders, such as Sitting Bull, Rain in the Face, and Chief Gall, as well as photographing forts and battlefields, military officers, and other people in the region. In 1883, Barry opened a new studio in Bismarck, where he began photographing members of Cody's Wild West Show. In 1890, Barry returned to Wisconsin where he operated a successful gallery in the city of Superior until his death in 1934.

Barry's sister, Matie (Barry) Moore, retained a collection of photographs made by her brother which were eventually copied and donated to the National Museum of the American Indian.
Separated Materials:
A folder of newspaper clippings regarding the life and work of David F. Barry were donated by Herbert Peterson along with the photographic prints. These are in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001) in Box 289, Folder 1.
Provenance:
Donated by Herbert O. Peterson, brother-in-law to Matie Barry Moore, in 1991. Matie Barry Moore was sister to the photographer David F. Barry.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Matie Barry Moore collection of David F. Barry copy prints, image #, NMAI.AC.334; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.334
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45a80fee0-7174-4620-8c3e-547e4ee354ed
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-334

Alphaeus P. Cole papers

Creator:
Cole, Alphaeus Philemon, 1876-1988  Search this
Names:
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Angel, John, 1881-1960  Search this
Benjamin-Constant, 1845-1902  Search this
Borglum, Solon Hannibal, 1868-1922  Search this
Bransom, Paul, 1885-  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Cole, Timothy, 1852-1931  Search this
Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933  Search this
Crane, Bruce, 1857-1937  Search this
Curran, Charles C. (Charles Courtney), 1861-1942  Search this
Drake, Alexander, 1843-1916  Search this
Ertz, Edward Frederick, 1862-1954  Search this
Higgins, Eugene, 1874-1958  Search this
Laurens, Jean-Paul, 1838-1921  Search this
Low, Will Hicok, 1853-1932  Search this
Murphy, Hermann Dudley, 1867-1945  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Rio, Anita, 1873?-1971  Search this
Ryder, Chauncey F., 1868-1949  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Strode, Hudson, 1892-1976  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P. (Ruel Pardee), 1878-1954  Search this
Young, Mahonri Sharp, 1911-1996  Search this
Extent:
4.5 Linear feet ((on 12 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Date:
1885-1988
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; diaries; correspondence, financial material; notes; writings; art work; printed material; and photographs
REEL D30 (fr. 420, 521, 542): Three letters from Bruce Crane, 1930, mentioning his election to the Allied Artists of America, from Will Hicok Low, 1930, concerning Cole's election into an art organization, and from Chauncey Foster Ryder, 1921, saying "You may count on me."
REEL 420 (fr. 453-652): Letters written by Timothy Cole, 1885-1928, primarily to Alphaeus and to painter Edward Ertz of Sussex, England, discussing engraving, work for the CENTURY, World War I, and personal matters; a letter to Alphaeus from sculptor John Angel, 1946, discussing Alphaeus' portrait of him; a poem and notes for a speech by Timothy Cole; writings by Alphaeus describing his engraving techniques and his recollections of his father; printed material, including a program for a dinner honoring collector Alexander Wilson Drake, 1913, an address by Timothy to the National Arts Club, 1916, 11 exhibition catalogs for Timothy, 1927-1931, and for Alphaeus, 1922-1952, a catalog from the Grand Central School of Art, and a few clippings; and 2 photos of Alphaeus, ca. 1912 and 1970.
REEL 3481 (fr.467-700): 64 letters, 1910-1927, and 2 sonnets from his father Timothy Cole and a letter to his future daughter-in-law regarding her upcoming marriage to Alphaeus; a letter to Timothy Cole from Calvin Coolidge thanking him for an engraved bookplate; 12 letters to Cole, 1931-1964, from Maurice Bloch, Paul Bransom, A. B. Butts, Will H. Low, Hermann Dudley Murphy, Hudson Strode, R. P. Tolman, and Mahonri Young; a typescript of an article by Cole on Charles C. Curran; 2 photographs of Cole at work, and a photograph of 26 members of the National Academy of Design, ca. 1925, including 19 autographs on the mat; and miscellaneous printed material and writings.
REELS 4783-4791: Biographical accounts and documents; 70 diaries, 1889-1982, containing accounts of Cole's daily activities and 7 photographs; correspondence, 1891-1988, including letters from his father, Timothy Cole, and other family members, 2 notes from Jean Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant, comments by Cole about his colleagues in 1901-1902, Solon Borglum, Joseph Pennell, Edward Steichen, and a Mr. Yeats, and a description of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, 1902; receipts for art expenses and doctor bills; 4 income tax returns, 1936-1980; an address book, ca. 1933; 6 notebooks on the German language, travels in Orvieto, religious symbols in art, and art history, 1889-1898;
writings by Cole and others, including poems to Eugene and Anita Higgins; prints and drawings by Cole, 1899-1958, including a self-portrait and a portrait drawing of Jean Paul Laurens; 2 prints by John W. Evans, 1935, and Keith Shaw Williams; 26 prints of religious paintings by Italian masters; printed material, including clippings, exhibition catalogs for others, reproductions of art work, material concerning Anita Rio, a postcard album, 1901-1934, and picture postcards, and miscellany; and photographs of Cole, Anita Rio, family, friends, models, residence, travels, art work by Cole and others, and gallery installations.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, portrait painter; New York, N.Y. Born in New Jersey, Cole was the son of wood engraver Timothy Cole. After studying under Isaac Craig in Italy, he began studies at the Academie Julian in 1892, under Jean Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant. His painting of Dante was exhibited in the Paris Salon of 1900. He moved to England and married sculptress Margaret Ward Walmsley in 1903. They moved to the United States in 1911, where Cole joined the Salmagundi Club, 1918, and served as president of the New York Water Color Club from 1931 to 1941. He taught at Cooper Union, 1924-1931, and was elected a National Academician in 1941. A widower in 1962, Cole married Anita Rio, the widow of painter Eugene Higgins.
Provenance:
Material on reel D30 donated 1955-1962 by Charles E. Feinberg, an active donor and friend of the Archives of American Art. Material on reels 420, 3481, and 4783-4791 donated 1965-1989 by Alphaeus Cole, in part through his nephew Orlando, and by his estate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
AAA.colealph
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw994f82a50-b5be-4b80-97c1-2a0ad5336a9d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-colealph

Photograph of frontier celebrities in "Scouts of the Plains"

Names:
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Hickok, Wild Bill, 1837-1876  Search this
Omohundro, John Burwell, 1846-1880  Search this
Extent:
1 Copy print
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1873
Scope and Contents note:
Photograph made from a tintype depicting Texas Jack Omohundro, Buffalo Bill Cody, and Wild Bill Hickok, with two other men, probably Eugene Overton and Elisha Green. The men wear fringed buckskins and hats and carry rifles.
Biographical/Historical note:
In fall 1873, Wild Bill Hickok joined Buffalo Bill Cody and Texas Jack Omohundro in the western melodrama, "Scouts of the Plains." In March 1874, he quit the show and returned to the frontier.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81-17
Reproduction Note:
Copy print probably made by Joseph G. Rosa, 1981.
General note:
Information on original tintype taken from February 7, 1981 letter from Joseph G. Rosa, Wild Bill Hickok biographer.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Digital surrogate held by Denver Public Library.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81-17, Photograph of frontier celebrities in "Scouts of the Plains", National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81-17
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3fe0d9900-de9e-4be0-99d8-d082fd92ad25
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81-17

L. F. Foster Wild West Scrapbooks, Photographs, and Copy Negatives

Photographer:
Foster, L. F.  Search this
Collector:
Foster, L. F.  Search this
Names:
101 Ranch Wild West Show  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Pawnee Bill  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (5 boxes)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- 1890-1920  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Bills
Clippings
Photographs
Date:
1888-1921
Summary:
Collection documents Wild West Shows in Oklahoma and Washington, particularly the career of Lewis Frederick Foster who was known for his showmanship and skills.
Scope and Contents:
Consists of two scrapbook albums documenting the career of Lewis Frederick Foster. Materials also relate to western shows, rodeos, Buffalo Bill Cody, Pawnee Bill, and the 101 Ranch Wild West Show. Many other individual showmen, including American Indians, are also represented. Information in the collection indicates that Foster was an amateur photographer. It is unclear if the photographs are the work of Foster or if he assembled the album himself.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Lewis Frederick Foster was born in Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts to James Foster and Elizabeth T. Frederick on September 19, 1861. He married Leona [Rosamond] Stockman on September 30, 1890 in Boston, Massachusetts. The Fosters had one daughter Leona Rosamond born in 1897. Foster performed on horseback in shows across the West including the Wild West Show in Oklahoma, the Frontier Show in Cheyenne, Washington, and the 101 Ranch Wild West Show. He was known as a 'Rough and Fancy Rider' and a 'Revolver Expert'. Foster died on March 4, 1924 at the age of sixty- two in Modesto, Stanislaus County, California and is buried in Acacia Memorial Park.
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Archives Center Wild West Collection, NMAH.AC.1466

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, NMAH.AC.0060

Sonora Carver Papers, NMAH.AC0.521
Provenance:
Donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1933 by Foster's sister, Louise T. Foster, and his brother, John H. Foster.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Cowboys  Search this
Cowgirls  Search this
Western shows  Search this
Rodeos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums
Bills
Clippings
Photographs -- 1890-1910 -- Black-and-white photoprints
Citation:
L.F. Foster Wild West Scrapbooks, Photographs, and Copy Negatives, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1289
See more items in:
L. F. Foster Wild West Scrapbooks, Photographs, and Copy Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep87c3e31c2-f071-4c3c-9993-ec9b747a6d27
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1289
Online Media:

Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show

Creator:
Lehner, Frank  Search this
Seiling, J.  Search this
Braithwaite, Charles Henry  Search this
Names:
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Ludwig, King of Bavaria, III, 1845-1921  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
43 Photographs
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Germany -- Bavaria -- Munich
Date:
bulk 1868-1926
Summary:
This collection consists of 38 photographic prints of Native and non-Native peoples involved with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, primarily in the years 1890-1891.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show collection consists of 38 photographic prints (and 5 copy negatives created at a later date by the NMAI staff). The images portray Native and non-Native peoples involved with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show primarily in the years 1890-1891, and include a number of publicity and studio portrait shots. Notable photographs include King Ludwig III of Bavaria and his daughter, Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria, visiting with and even photographing some of the Wild West performers in Munich, Germany, in 1890. Although the bulk of the photographs date to either 1890 or 1891, images in the collection encompass a time period of approximatey a half-century, from 1876 to 1926.

The specific identity of the photographers of these images is not certain. While these photographs have historically been attributed to Frank Lehner, it is more likely that he was the collector rather than the photographer. It appears that at least one image (P10215) was probably taken by Bavarian Royal Court Photographer J. Seiling, and one image (P10192) or possibly two (P10193) were taken by Charles Henry Braithwaite, a portrait photographer in Leeds, England, in 1891.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection are organized into folders.
Biographical / Historical:
William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody opened the first Wild West show in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1883. Within four years the fame of the Wild West had grown so great that Cody took his fellow performers on an international tour of Europe, performing between 1887 and 1906 in the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Austria, and a host of other countries.

Undeniably, Cody's Wild West constructed and promoted inaccurate views of Native Americans, defining "real Indians" as only those who lived in tipis, rode horses, and wore feather headdresses. Such stereotypes have sadly been perpetuated in dime novels, television shows, and major motion pictures down to the present, ignoring the staggering cultural diversity of the Indigenous peoples of North America.

In spite of the Wild West show's culpability in creating and perpetuating narrow views of who Native peoples are and what they look like, several recent scholars have argued that there were some upsides for those Native Americans who chose to perform with this traveling show. One of the major bonuses was the relative freedom Wild West performers experienced compared with their community members who had to remain on the reservations. L.G. Moses in Wild West Shows and the Images of American Indians, 1883-1933 and Michelle Delaney in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors both note Native performers' opportunities to not only see the world and earn an income, but also to practice their beliefs and live their days free from the interference of the ever-present missionaries, politicians, and BIA agents back at home.

In addition, Wild West performers experienced opportunities otherwise unimaginable to many Americans of their day, including being presented to Queen Victoria at her Golden Jubilee in London in 1887, attending the 1889 World's Fair in Paris with its debut of the newly constructed Eiffel Tower, and having their photograph taken by the daughter of the future King of Bavaria, Ludwig III, in Munich in 1890.
Provenance:
This collection was exchanged with Frank Lehner in 1932.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Wild west shows  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; 1890; Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, NMAI.AC.147; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.147
See more items in:
Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45af73618-484f-415b-9dcf-7d8e31b35291
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-147
Online Media:

Copies of David F. Barry photographs of Plains Indians

Creator:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Names:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Curly, approximately 1856-1923  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Low Dog (Dakota Oglala)  Search this
Rain in the Face, approximately 1835-1905  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Running Antelope (Dakota Oglala)  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Young Man Afraid of His Horse, ca. 1830-1900  Search this
Extent:
24 Copy prints
Culture:
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1870-1890
Scope and Contents note:
The collection is largely composed of photographs depicting Plains Indians, many of whom took part in the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Depicted individuals include Young Man Afraid of His Horse, Low Dog, Good Horse, Clear Eyes, Rain in the Face, Crow Flies High, Trail Hunter, Sitting Bull, Crow King, Red Cloud, White Faces, Running Antelope, Red Girl, Curly, John Grass, Gall, Spotted Tail, and a group of Ghost Dancers. There are also images of Barry, General Custer, the horse Comanche, and Buffalo Bill.
Biographical/Historical note:
David Frances Barry (1854-1934) was a photographer based in Bismarck, Dakota Territory, who is most noted for his photographs of famous American Indians. In 1878, he was hired by itinerant photographer O. S. Goff, with whom he eventually partnered. From 1878 to 1883, Barry traversed the Dakota Territory, making many of his most widely known photographs of American Indians, forts and battlefields, military officers, and other people in the region. In 1883, Barry opened a new studio in Bismarck, where he began photographing members of Cody's Wild West Show.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R81-71
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints made by Smithsonian Institution, 1981.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs by Barry, as well as originals of images in this collection, can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 80-18, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, MS 4559, and the BAE historical negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Comanche (Horse)  Search this
Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R81-71, Copies of David F. Barry photographs of Plains Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R81-71
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31387757f-7a51-4f08-9ac7-d3beb0000471
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r81-71

Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection

Creator:
Post, Marjorie Merriweather  Search this
Names:
Lehman & Duval Lithrs.  Search this
United States. Army. Signal Corps  Search this
Angeline, d.1896 (Suquamish Indian)  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
King, Charles Bird, 1785-1862  Search this
Picart, Bernard, 1673-1733  Search this
Extent:
2 Lithographs
1 Postcard
1 Engraving
1 Print (mounted in frame)
1 newspaper clipping in frame made from squirrel
9 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Apache  Search this
Duwamish (Dwamish)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lithographs
Postcards
Engravings
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Marjorie Meriweather Post relating to NAtive Americans. They include images of Post's home at Camp Topridge, Geronimo, Buffalo Bill Cody, Native chiefs and US officials at Pine Ridge in 1891, and Princess Angeline, daughter of Chief Seattle. Additionally, there are lithographs of Caa-tou-see and Shin-Ga-Ba-Wossinis, and a B. Picart engraving of Native Americans circling a burial mound and a newspaper clipping ("Out of Human Skin") in a frame made from a squirrel pelt.
Biographical/Historical note:
Marjorie Meriweather Post (1887-1973) was a Washington, D.C., businesswoman, philanthropist, and collector of decorative art objects. Her father Charles W. Post was the owner of Postup Cereal Company, later General Foods Corporation. In 1973, Marjorie Post's philanthropy earned her the first ever James Smithson Society Medal, the Smithsonian Institution's highest benefactor award. After her death, Post willed her Hillwood estate to the Smithsonian along with her American Native American collection at Camp Topridge.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 75-46
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Marjorie Merriweather Post papers (MS 7278).
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the records of Post's Hillwood Estate, 1960-1976 (SIA RS00740).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lithographs
Engravings
Citation:
Photo lot 75-46, Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.75-46
See more items in:
Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32481fa09-1206-4bd6-a263-107e7268a600
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-75-46

29c Nellie Cashman mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869k
Depicts:
Nellie Cashman, American, 1849 - 1925  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Women's Heritage  Search this
Health & Medicine  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.101
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm88b5406b4-600a-4fb8-bc8d-e34a865aad23
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.101
Online Media:

29c Charles Goodnight mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869l
Depicts:
Charles Goodnight, American, 1826 - 1929  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.103
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8435722f1-2e28-4db9-8e2c-3dfabc4cfbb2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.103

29c Geronimo mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869m
Depicts:
Geronimo, Native American (Chiricahua Apache), 1829 - 1909  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.105
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8522171e2-a002-4c7e-8cd9-da6851cc3f67
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.105
Online Media:

29c Kit Carson mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869n
Depicts:
Kit Carson, American, 1809 - 1868  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Military & Policing Forces  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.107
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8882c2703-d22b-4be4-af5a-33e667b7e4fe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.107
Online Media:

29c Wild Bill Hickok mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869o
Depicts:
Wild Bill Hickok, American, 1837 - 1876  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Military & Policing Forces  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.109
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm82d9c9610-1a1b-4965-aae7-da118200c6a7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.109
Online Media:

29c Western Wildlife mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869p
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Animals  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.111
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8a1021394-1f1c-4589-981f-ce84879e7e5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.111
Online Media:

29c Jim Beckwourth mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869q
Depicts:
Jim Beckwourth, American, 1798 - 1866  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Black Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.113
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm86b1765b6-2bec-4338-999e-6d678073a702
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.113
Online Media:

29c Bill Tilghman mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869r
Depicts:
Bill Tilghman, American, 1854 - 1924  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Military & Policing Forces  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.115
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm896117ca0-364f-4449-ab71-dd5756ea888a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.115
Online Media:

29c Sacagawea mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869s
Depicts:
Sacagawea, Native American (Shoshoni), c. 1787 - 1812  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
American Indian Heritage  Search this
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
Women's Heritage  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.117
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm8f2012dcc-4f67-49b4-bee5-afe324b2711f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.117
Online Media:

29c Overland Mail mini sheet single

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869t
Associated Person:
John Butterfield, American, 1783 - 1869  Search this
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolored); adhesive / photogravure
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Depicts:
Overland Mail Company  Search this
Topic:
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.119
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm85a8bc53c-788b-409b-8daa-372c17faa87a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.119
Online Media:

29c Legends of the West revised pane of twenty

Title:
Scott Catalogue USA 2869
Scott Catalogue USA 2869a
Scott Catalogue USA 2869b
Scott Catalogue USA 2869c
Scott Catalogue USA 2869d
Scott Catalogue USA 2869e
Scott Catalogue USA 2869f
Scott Catalogue USA 2869g
Scott Catalogue USA 2869h
Scott Catalogue USA 2869i
Scott Catalogue USA 2869j
Scott Catalogue USA 2869k
Scott Catalogue USA 2869l
Scott Catalogue USA 2869m
Scott Catalogue USA 2869n
Scott Catalogue USA 2869o
Scott Catalogue USA 2869p
Scott Catalogue USA 2869q
Scott Catalogue USA 2869r
Scott Catalogue USA 2869s
Scott Catalogue USA 2869t
Medium:
paper; ink (multicolor) / photogravure
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 7 7/8 x 7 1/2 in. (20 x 19.05 cm)
Type:
Postage Stamps
Place:
United States of America
Date:
October 18, 1994
Topic:
Contemporary (1990-present)  Search this
National Stamp Collection  Search this
U.S. Stamps  Search this
Credit line:
Copyright United States Postal Service. All rights reserved.
Object number:
1995.2075.80.1-20
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
On View:
Currently on exhibit at the National Postal Museum
Data Source:
National Postal Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/hm87f3ce51b-9286-4529-b192-15ac606fca0c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npm_1995.2075.80.1-20
Online Media:

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