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MS 2346 The Sun-man Being

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
May 1917
Scope and Contents:
Obtained from Joshua Buck, revised with John Buck. Revised May, 1929.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2346
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2346, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2346
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2346
Online Media:

MS 2347 Hadu'go na- The Great Hunch-back

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
35 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- False Face  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
Opening speech of False Face. Trans. 1/15/41. VI-A- Opening address of semi-annual meeting with original legend and explanation of classes of masks.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2347
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Masks -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2347, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2347
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2347
Online Media:

MS 2314 The Twelve Brothers

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
46 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Mohawk  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Mohawk Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1897
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2314
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Mohawk  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2314, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2314
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2314
Online Media:

MS 2344 Ganon-si-de or Long Lodge

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
15 Items (1/2 pages)
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1929 ? 1931 ? 1932 ?
Scope and Contents:
Corrected May, 1929, and 1931, by John Buck. "Faces" (?) written in red pencil on face of manuscript. Number C "Faces, 1931; texts 1932.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2344
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2344, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2344
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2344

MS 1427 Seneca tradition of the League

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
13 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917
Scope and Contents:
Marked by Mr Hewitt- "horribly mixed."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1427
Topic:
Government and politics -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1427, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1427
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1427
Online Media:

J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois Indians on the Six Nations Reservation, circa 1897-circa 1937

Creator:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Buck, Emeline  Search this
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Buck, Susan  Search this
General Mrs  Search this
General, Myrtle  Search this
Gibson, Simeon, 1889-1943  Search this
Hill, George  Search this
Hill, Simon  Search this
Jamieson  Search this
Jamieson, Clara Miss  Search this
Jamieson, James Mrs  Search this
Sandy, William  Search this
Sandy, William Mrs  Search this
Extent:
307 Photographs (2 document boxes)
305 Negatives (3 negative boxes, nitrate)
Culture:
Iroquois -- Six Nations Reserve -- Wampum  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Iroquois -- Tuscarora  Search this
Iroquois -- Cayuga  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cayuga Indians  Search this
Iroquois -- Seneca  Search this
Iroquois -- Mohawk  Search this
Six Nations  Search this
Iroquois -- Six Nations  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Iroquois -- Oneida  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Mohawk Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Negatives
Date:
circa 1897-circa 1937
Summary:
Photographs documenting Iroquois people made circa 1897-circa 1937 on and near the Six Nations Reserve by J.N.B. Hewitt, linguist with the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology.
Scope and Contents note:
Hewitt's photos primarily depict Mohawk, Cayuga, Seneca, Onondaga, Tuscarora, Oneida, and Tutelo Indians. There are also a few images of Iroquois houses and other structures, Hewitt's mask collection, and Onondaga Chief John Buck and family, Seneca Chief John Arthur Gibson and family, Cayuga Chief James Jamieson and family, and Cayuga-Seneca Chief Simeon Gibson. Most of the photographs were taken during several trips between 1897 and 1937, on and near the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario, including in New York (Niagara Falls, Nedrow, and Syracuse) and Ontario (Oshweken, Deseronto, and Brantsford).
Arrangement note:
For Photo Lot 155 Hewitt's original arrangement and numbering has been maintained. The order of the photographs does not follow the chronology that they were taken; for instance there are often several photographs of an individual that were clearly made in different years. The original negatives also represent a variety of film and camera types.

The arrangement and numbering for MS 4596, established at an unknown time, was maintained.
Biographical note:
J.N.B. (John Napoleon Brinton) Hewitt (December 6, 1859-October 14, 1937) was a linguist and ethnographer who specialized in Iroquoian and other Native American languages. Born on the Tuscarora Indian Reservation near Lewiston, New York, his mother was of Tuscarora, French, Oneida, and Scottish descent. His father's heritage was English and Scottish, but he was raised in a Tuscarora family. Hewitt spoke English growing up, but when he left the reservation to attend schools in Wilson and Lockport, he learned to speak the Tuscarora language from other students. Hewitt grew up planning to become a physician, like his father. However, the course of Hewitt's interests changed when, in 1880, he was hired by Erminnie A. Smith of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of Ethnology (now the Bureau of American Ethnology) as an assistant ethnologist tasked with collecting myths among the Iroquois tribes of New York. He continued this work from 1880-1884, and then was briefly employed by the Jersey City Railways Co. (1884-1885) and Adams Express Co. (1885-1886). Upon Smith's death in 1886, Hewitt returned to the BAE to continue her work, remaining employed there until his death.

Over the course of his career, Hewitt became the leading authority on the organization of the Iroquois League and the ceremonials, customs, and usages of the tribes composing it. He acquired an intimate knowledge of the languages of the League, including a speaking knowledge of Mohawk and Onondaga, and also became acquainted with several Algonquian dialects. On February 28, 1914, in recognition of his services in preserving for posterity a knowledge of the history and ethnology of the Indians of New York state, he was awarded the Cornplanter medal for Iroquois Research.

Additionally, he was a founder of the American Anthropological Association and an active member of the Anthropological Society of Washington and the American Museum of Natural History, serving as both treasurer (1912-1926) and president (1932-1934) of the latter. Hewitt also contributed over one hundred articles for the Handbook of American Indians (Bulletin 30) and published the two volume Iroquoian Cosmology (1903 and 1928).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Wampum  Search this
Trade, gifts and other exchanges -- Wampum  Search this
Wampum -- Iroquois  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 155, J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois Indians on the Six Nations Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.155
See more items in:
J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois Indians on the Six Nations Reservation, circa 1897-circa 1937
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-155

MS 466 The Great War Medicine

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
36 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Songs  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Great War Medicine  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1896
Scope and Contents:
Songs also translated.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 466
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 466, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS466
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms466
Online Media:

MS 3512 Requickening Address

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
56 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Mohawk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Mohawk Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Written by J.N.B. Hewitt in ink and pencil, and also typewriting.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3512
Citation:
Manuscript 3512, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3512
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3512
Online Media:

MS 1281-b Chant of the Eulogy of the founders of the league

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
24 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1923
Scope and Contents:
Also two additional texts- one 13 pages by ? and one 4 pages by Van Every, 1917.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1281-b
Citation:
Manuscript 1281-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1281B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1281b

MS 2883 Pigeon song

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
14 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Seneca Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1896
Scope and Contents:
Text and translation.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2883
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Seneca  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2883, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2883
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2883
Online Media:

MS 2226 The vice-chiefs

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
7 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- vice chiefs  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2226
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2226, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2226
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2226

MS 444 Text of material on Festivals, by Joshua Buck

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
34 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1895
Scope and Contents:
Partly translated W.N.F., 1941.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 444
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 444, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS444
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms444
Online Media:

MS 2345 Ga sa gen'da- "Our grandmother, Medicine"

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
28 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
June 1916
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2345
Local Note:
From Joshua Buck.
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2345, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2345
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2345
Online Media:

MS 2343 Hadjihsah Thokstenha/"The Eldest Husk-Face"

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
June 1916
Scope and Contents:
Onondaga myth text; from Mr Joshua Buck.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2343
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2343, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2343
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2343
Online Media:

MS 1648 Origin of corn, a legend

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
4 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1916-18 ?
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1648
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1648, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1648
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1648

MS 1401 Revised version of the legend of Hosina

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
10 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1919
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1401
Local Note:
See Number 1366.
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1401, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1401
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1401

MS 1366 The legend of Hosino

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
29 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917-1928
Scope and Contents:
Tradition only.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1366
Local Note:
See Number 1401.
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1366, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1366
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1366

MS 2588 Onondaga and Mohawk Notes

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Davey, Robert  Search this
Gibson, Simeon, 1889-1943  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Extent:
74 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Folklore  Search this
Iroquois -- Mohawk -- months  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Adonwa  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Little Water Medicine  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- White Dog Sacrifice  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- bowl game  Search this
Iroquois -- Handsome Lake  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Medicine  Search this
Irouqois -- Onondaga -- Tobacco  Search this
Iroquois -- Genesis story  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1916
Scope and Contents:
Notes on: Proscription following taking the Little Water Medicine (Onondaga text); Josha Buck's list of texts of myths relating to faces (False-faces); text (Acts XVII); Adonwa; Onondaga Bowl Game; footnotes on a text of White Dog Sacrifice (Onondaga); fragment of White Dog Sacrifice announcement (Manuscript by an Indian ?); names of months in Mohawk; note on Handsome Lake. 34 pages miscellaneous. Also text, Medicine and Tobacco, Onondaga, by S. Gibson, 1936/ 5 pages- interlinear by W. N. Fenton. Note to Genesis Story, native, 2 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2588
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Calendar -- Iroquois -- Mohawk  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2588, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2588
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2588
Online Media:

MS 3587 Dehadoda 'ho' Text

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- De'hadodaho  Search this
Iroquois -- Onondaga -- Dehadadaho  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1917
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3587
Topic:
Government -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3587, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3587
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3587

Hononwie-di legend 1918

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B (John Napoleon Brinton) 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Physical description:
3 pages
Culture:
Iroquois Onondaga Hononwie-di  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1918
Topic:
Folklore--Iroquois--Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA MS 1365
See more items in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_83461

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