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MS 482 Creation Myth

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
47 Pages
Culture:
Onondaga  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1889
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 482
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 482, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS482
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32259e116-40ae-4862-a954-039e51602391
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms482
Online Media:

MS 2358 Kanu'ta, the small dose medicine, method of administering

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
11 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1889
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2358
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2358, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2358
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3433eab45-fd46-46ab-8c44-7358819c342a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2358
Online Media:

MS 3501 Miscellaneous notes on Rituals, marked "Current Translations" / "Over the Grand Forest. A Chant"

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
27 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1931
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3501
Local Note:
See Number 1059, 1067, Cayuga Number 3477.
Topic:
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3501, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3501
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw302c7e405-fd55-4e3c-8636-2cc94cc5d775
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3501
Online Media:

MS 3512 Requickening Address

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Extent:
56 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1926
Scope and Contents:
Written by J.N.B. Hewitt in ink and pencil, and also typewriting.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3512
Citation:
Manuscript 3512, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3512
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3582ffc0a-5e31-4c88-b577-d7ede997b12f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3512
Online Media:

MS 3518 Iroquois text and notes

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Skye, David, Chief  Search this
Jacobs, Joseph  Search this
John, David  Search this
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
34 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1931 ?
Scope and Contents:
Contents: New Face, Mother of Nations. 1. Skanya'da dji'wak and Djigon' sa se' 13 pages. 2. Djigon' sa se' by John Buck (1931), 3 pages. 3. Djigon' sa se' by Jacobs, Skye and Buck- 2 pages. 4. Ca. references to clans. 2 pages. (Cf. Explor. Volume 1931) (names)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3518
Other Title:
New Face, Mother of National
Djigon
New Face, Mother of Nationa
Skanya'da dji'wak
Djigon' sa se'
Topic:
Kinship -- Iroquois  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3518, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3518
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw343dff567-9f92-4514-a336-785f693b33af
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3518
Online Media:

MS 2342 The myth of Hadjisah

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
33 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
June, 1928
Scope and Contents:
2nd version, by John Buck. Add. from 3522 (A)-- the man-being. 7 pages text June 1916 (1928).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2342
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Folklore -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2342, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2342
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30264f04c-11b1-4c80-bcb3-622388db0080
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2342
Online Media:

MS 3590 Tuscarora adoption historical tradition

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Gibson, John Arthur, 1849-1912  Search this
Translator:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
14 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1899-1882 (1921) 1927
Scope and Contents:
From John A. Gibson, 1899- translated into Cayuga by Chief John Buck, Jr (1917); Legend of Ka-hwi'-ya (Phebe bird), Mr Buck; Creek Song, Bear, December 19, 1882, copied 1921.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3590
Topic:
Folklore -- Iroquois  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3590, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3590
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32d84ac65-f353-4ddf-9dc5-dc20d1aed2e3
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3590
Online Media:

Chiefs of the Six Nations in Council explaining their wampum belts

Creator:
Edy, James N.  Search this
Names:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Deyonhehgon, Mohawk  Search this
Hahriron, Onondaga  Search this
Hill, Isaac  Search this
Johnson, George H. M.  Search this
Johnson, John Smoke  Search this
Johnson, Seneca  Search this
Kanonkeredawih, Seneca  Search this
Kawenenseronton  Search this
Sakayenkwaraton, Mohawk  Search this
Skanawatih, Onondaga  Search this
Snow, Joseph, Onondaga  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Mohawk  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
Sep 14 1871
Scope and Contents:
Beauchamp, page 417, records that the photograph was procured by Horatio Hale in September 1871. He quotes a note by Horatio Hale on the back of the photograph used in his article: "This picture represents the chiefs of the Six Nations, on their reserve near Brantford in Canada, explaining their wampum belts. (Sept. 14, 1871). These chiefs were [left to right]: (1) Joseph Snow (Hahriron), Onondaga chief; (2) George H. M. Johnson (Deyonhehgon), Mohawk chief and government interpreter. Son of Number 4; (3) John Buck (Skanawatih), Onondaga chief and wampum keeper: (4) John Smoke Johnson (Sakayenkwaraton), Mohawk chief and speaker of the council; (5) Isaac Hill (Kawenenseronton), Onondaga chief and fire keeper; (6) Seneca Johnson (Kanonkeredawih), Seneca chief."

All are seated except John Smoke Johnson. All are holding wampum belts and all are wearing contemporary occidental dress, except that Seneca Johnson is wearing a turban-like headgear, probably a finger-woven sash, wrapped around his head.
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer: James N. Edy, Brantford, Ontario.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.9384300

OPPS NEG.961 C 2
Local Note:
Original cabinet photo by James N. Edy, Brantford, Ontario is owned by Musee du Seminaire, Quebec (Album 6-G, page 109). This cabinet has the notations by Hale on the reverse. Beauchamp's quotation above varies slightly--Indian names are added, the exact day in September noted and name of #6 is rearranged. Copy of Hale's notation is in photo information file. Xerox copy of cabinet provided by W. C. Sturtevant.--PJF 7/78
Black and white copy film negative
Topic:
Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Edy, James N.
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37b6f6179-463d-4d5c-a386-fb07db8fee35
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref9368

MS 1067 Original of "Over the Grand Forest" chant

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1917 (1926, 1928)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1067
Local Note:
See Number 1059, and Cayuga Number 3477.
Citation:
Manuscript 1067, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1067
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3fb174a65-4b75-4a66-93ae-83f9c2d252d2
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1067

J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois people on the Six Nations Reservation, circa 1897-circa 1937

Creator:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Names:
Abram, Charles, Chief  Search this
Buck, Emeline  Search this
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Buck, Joshua  Search this
Buck, Susan  Search this
General, Mrs.  Search this
General, Myrtle  Search this
Gibson, Simeon, 1889-1943  Search this
Hill, George  Search this
Hill, Simon  Search this
Jamieson  Search this
Jamieson, Clara Miss  Search this
Jamieson, James Mrs  Search this
Sandy, William  Search this
Sandy, William Mrs  Search this
Extent:
307 Photographs (2 document boxes, silver gelatin)
305 Negatives (3 negative boxes, nitrate)
Culture:
Iroquois [Six Nations/Grand River (Brantford, Ontario)]  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Cayuga  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Oneida  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Negatives
Date:
circa 1897-circa 1937
Summary:
Photographs documenting Iroquois people made circa 1897-circa 1937 on and near the Six Nations Reserve by J.N.B. Hewitt, linguist with the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology.
Scope and Contents note:
Hewitt's photos primarily depict Mohawk, Cayuga, Seneca, Onondaga, Tuscarora, Oneida, and Tutelo peoples. There are also a few images of Iroquois houses and other structures, Hewitt's mask collection, and Onondaga Chief John Buck and family, Seneca Chief John Arthur Gibson and family, Cayuga Chief James Jamieson and family, and Cayuga-Seneca Chief Simeon Gibson. Most of the photographs were taken during several trips between 1897 and 1937, on and near the Six Nations Reserve in Ontario (Oshweken, Deseronto, and Brantsford), and New York (Niagara Falls, Nedrow, and Syracuse).
Arrangement note:
For Photo Lot 155 Hewitt's original arrangement and numbering has been maintained. The order of the photographs does not follow the chronology that they were taken; for instance there are often several photographs of an individual that were clearly made in different years. The original negatives also represent a variety of film and camera types.

The arrangement and numbering for MS 4596, established at an unknown time, was maintained.
Biographical note:
J.N.B. (John Napoleon Brinton) Hewitt (December 6, 1859-October 14, 1937) was a linguist and ethnographer who specialized in Iroquoian and other Native American languages. Born on the Tuscarora Reservation near Lewiston, New York, his mother was of Tuscarora, French, Oneida, and Scottish descent. His father's heritage was English and Scottish, but he was raised in a Tuscarora family. Hewitt spoke English growing up, but when he left the reservation to attend schools in Wilson and Lockport, he learned to speak the Tuscarora language from other students. Hewitt grew up planning to become a physician, like his father. However, the course of Hewitt's interests changed when, in 1880, he was hired by Erminnie A. Smith of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of Ethnology (now the Bureau of American Ethnology) as an assistant ethnologist tasked with collecting myths among the Iroquoian tribes of New York. He continued this work from 1880-1884, and then was briefly employed by the Jersey City Railways Co. (1884-1885) and Adams Express Co. (1885-1886). Upon Smith's death in 1886, Hewitt returned to the BAE to continue her work, remaining employed there until his death.

Over the course of his career, Hewitt became the leading authority on the organization of the Iroquois League and the ceremonials, customs, and usages of the tribes composing it. He acquired an intimate knowledge of the languages of the League, including a speaking knowledge of Mohawk and Onondaga, and also became acquainted with several Algonquian dialects. On February 28, 1914, in recognition of his services in preserving for posterity a knowledge of the history and ethnology of the Iroquoian people of New York state, he was awarded the Cornplanter medal for Iroquois Research.

Additionally, he was a founder of the American Anthropological Association and an active member of the Anthropological Society of Washington and the American Museum of Natural History, serving as both treasurer (1912-1926) and president (1932-1934) of the latter. Hewitt also contributed over one hundred articles for the Handbook of American Indians (Bulletin 30) and published the two volume Iroquoian Cosmology (1903 and 1928).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Wampum  Search this
Trade, gifts and other exchanges -- Wampum  Search this
Wampum -- Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 155, J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois people on the Six Nations Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.155
See more items in:
J.N.B. Hewitt photographs of Iroquois people on the Six Nations Reservation, circa 1897-circa 1937
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw38ee2f67f-149c-4cbd-8b0c-fd3fdfdedceb
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-155

MS 427 "Creation Myth" and "Cosmogonic Myth in Onondaga"

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Informant:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Jones, Abbet  Search this
Extent:
36 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1888-1889, 1897
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 427
General:
Previously titled "Creation and Cosmogonic (translation) Myths."
Topic:
Religion -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Cosmology -- Iroquois -- Onondaga  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 427, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS427
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3525d7f8a-4051-4e6f-8551-92c4763117cf
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms427

MS 4375 The Holy Communion in Mohawk and Office for the Visitation of the Sick

Collector:
Hayward, William Stone, 1839-1927  Search this
Correspondent:
Hayward, William Stone, 1839-1927  Search this
Addressee:
Geist, Mr  Search this
Creator:
Abbott, Dr.  Search this
Stoddard, Francis H.  Search this
Names:
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Johnson, E. Pauline -- biographical note  Search this
LaFlesche, Susan -- biographical note  Search this
Extent:
188 Pages
2 Notebooks
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
American Indian -- population  Search this
American Indians -- Religions  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
American Indians -- population  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Notebooks
Maps
Date:
1906 ?
Scope and Contents:
Copy in hand of J.N.B. Hewitt. Also typed copy of first 23 pages.
Also newsclippings on the following: Biographical note on Dr Susan LaFlesche. Biographical note on Miss E. Pauline Johnson, Indian poet. Letter from W.S. Hayward to Mr Geist, relative to his missionary work among the Six Nations (Lancaster, New Era, January 28, 1902). Article on the Iroquois wampum, in New York Tribune Illus. Supplement- includes illustration of Chief John Buck, "of the fourth generation of wampum keepers". Dr Abbott's Lowell Lectures, by Rev Julius H. Ward, from the Christian Union, February 6, 1892. Illus. of Drexel Institute. Distribution of Indians in the United States, with map. The Christian Union, October 10, 1891. Map showing percentage of increase in public school enrollment, 1880-1890, increase of total population, etc. Article on Co-ordination in Education, by Prof. Francis H. Stoddard, of the University of the City of New York. Part of article on Aboriginal Religions of America, showing entrance to ancient Mexican Temple.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4375
Topic:
Religion -- American Indian  Search this
Wampum -- Iroquois  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 4375, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4375
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ff490c80-fcab-499c-88e3-9fe22aa54eb0
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4375

MS 3908 Statement concerning of Tuscaroras, Delawares, Tutulies (Tutelos) and Nanticokes

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Creator:
Monture, James  Search this
Buck, John, Chief  Search this
Extent:
3 Pages
Culture:
Iroquois  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Nanticoke  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1885
Scope and Contents:
Made by James Monture, Cayuga Chief, and confirmed by John Buck, the Firekeeper at Oshweken Council House, Brant County, Ontario, July 17, 1885.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3908
Local Note:
In hand of Seth Newhouse.
Topic:
Lenape  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3908, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3908
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw399e60228-6054-43b8-be4a-b3a6860f1a2c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3908

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