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Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records

Inventor:
Del Mar, Bruce  Search this
Source:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Former owner:
Del Mar Avionics Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Date:
1951-2011
Summary:
Collection documents the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity for an extended period, through engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials.
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes engineering logbooks, drawings, operator manuals, correspondence, photographs, sales brochures and catalogs, biographical information about the engineering staff who worked on the monitor, patents and trademarks, and marketing and sales materials documenting the development of the Holter Monitor, a portable device for continuously monitoring heart activity.

The records document the successful collaboration of an independent inventor and a manufacturing firm to identify problems, develop solutions and bring to market diagnostic technologies. Bruce Del Mar's role as an innovator and collaborator with Holter is especially important, because Del Mar's work spurred the development of an entire diagnostic industry. In addition, the records also chronicle how "Holter technology" was affected by progressive technological innovations in the industry, as vacuum tubes were replaced by transistors, as microprocessors gave way to microchips and circuit boards, and as analog recordings were replaced by digital formats.

Documenting manufacturing developments (highs and lows) and marketing considerations is an important element in better understanding the invention process. Del Mar Avionics was the first to design and manufacture instrumentation for long-term monitoring of the human heart for the medical profession. Today, Holter Monitors continue to be an important diagnostic tool for monitoring the health of the heart.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated, consists of biographical materials for Bruce Del Mar, founder of Del Mar Avionics, company histories, copies of the Del Mar Avionics newsletter Pacemaker, employee information, newspaper clippings and ephemera, and photographs of some employees. The employee information contains a 1979 handbook, explaining company policies and the benefits of employment with Del Mar Avionics and a 1951 memo detailing overtime working hours for women, presumably from Douglas Aircraft, where Bruce Del Mar was employed.

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976; Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969; and Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968. The documentation consists primarily of correspondence from the engineering department, 1965 to 1976, related to the development, design, budgeting, testing, and marketing of the Holter Monitor. The majority of the documentation is correspondence and is written by engineering staff members, but also included are quotation requests, trip reports, and technical reports. Correspondence between Holter and Del Mar about the development of the Holter Minotor is in Series 6. The drawings, 1958-1968, include six drawings (22" x 34" or smaller) for Avionics Research Products projects (panel assembly, chassis assembly, and battery chargers for model 602), and Electromation Company (degausser single coil).

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated, consists of copies of patents by Norman J. Holter, W.E. Mills, and W.E. Thornton, Cliff Sanctuary. and Isaac Raymond Cherry related to the development of the Holter Monitor. Also included are lists of United States patents issued to Del Mar Avionics employees, as well as lists of registered trademarks and activities for Del Mar Avionics and copies of trademarks issued to the company.

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated, consists of product literature for Del Mar Avionics products and some of its competitors. The product literature for Del Mar Avionics is arranged chronologically by model number, and the competitor literature is arranged alphabetically. All of the product literature is related to medical instrumentation with the exception of the Hydra Set, a precision load positioner which is the only product Del Mar Avionics sells today.

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985, consists of price lists, price catalogs (both domestic and international) and sales objectives for medical instrumentation sold by Del Mar Avionics.

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005 and undated, is divided into three subseries, Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005 and undated; Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978; and Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated, and consists of materials documenting the relationship between Norman J. Holter, an inventor, and Del Mar Avionics.

Holter and Wilford R. Glassock were issued United States Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means. Dr. Eliot Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968 which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

The materials include biographical materials about Norman J. Holter, journal articles about the Holter Monitor, correspondence, engineering notebooks, a licensing agreement, product literature, reports, price lists, catalogs, operating manuals and specific information about the Dynamic Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977, and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both models were developed by Del Mar's medical device manufacturing staff. The licensing agreement and correspondence detail in chronological order the relationship between Norman Holter and Del Mar Avionics, specifically president Bruce Del Mar, in the rapid commercial marketing and development of Holter's electrocardiorecorder. Although Holter assigned exclusive rights to his patent to Del Mar Avionics, he was involved in the design and development process, albeit from a distance. The engineering staff at Del Mar kept Holter informed, and it is clear that Holter regularly visited the company.

The engineering notebooks relate to the models 445 and 660. The notebooks were maintained by engineering staff members D. Anderson, N. Mohammedi, Ray Cherry and Fike. The notebooks are handwritten, although in some instances memos and other information have been inserted. For example, N. Mohammedi's notebook documenting Model 445 contains black-and-white prints, magnetic tape samples, and recorder tape (EKG graph paper) samples with data from the monitor. The notebooks are bound and paginated, and individual pages are stamped sequentially.

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s, consists of color slides used for presentations by Del Mar Avionics staff to discuss and promote the marketing of the Holter Monitor.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seven series.

Series 1, Historical Background, 1951-2010 and undated

Series 2, Del Mar Avionics Engineering, 1958-1976

Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1965-1976

Subseries 2, Reports, 1964-1969

Subseries 3, Drawings, 1958-1968

Series 3, Patents and Trademarks, 1965-2002 and undated

Series 4, Product Literature, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 1, Del Mar Avionics, 1968-2010 and undated

Subseries 2, Competitors, 1974 and undated

Series 5, Sales, 1967-1985

Series 6, Holter Monitor Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 1, Background Materials, 1958-2005

Subseries 2, Model 445, 1974-1978

Subseries 3, Model 660, 1967-1978 and undated

Series 7, Slides, circa 1990s
Biographical / Historical:
Norman Jefferis "Jeff" Holter (1914-1983) was born in Helena, Montana, to a prominent Montana pioneering family. After attending public schools in Helena, he earned master's degrees in chemistry from the University of Southern California (1938) and physics from the University of California, Los Angeles (1940). During these years Holter also organized Applied Micro Sciences, a scientific photography business, and began working with Dr. Joseph A. Gengerelli of UCLA on nerve stimulation in frogs and brain stimulation in rats. Holter's interest in studying electrical activity in humans in their daily activities without touching them, spawned his lifelong pursuit to develop the Holter Monitor.

During World War Two, Holter served as a senior physicist for the U.S. Navy's Bureau of Ships, conducting research into the behavior of ocean waves in preparation for wartime amphibious operations. After the war, in 1946, Holter headed a staff of oceanographic engineers at Bikini Atoll during Operation Crossroads, the first postwar atomic bomb tests, measuring wave actions and underwater disturbances caused by the explosions.

Because of demands of his family's business affairs, Holter returned to Helena in 1947 to continue his research activities. In 1947 he formed the Holter Research Foundation, with a laboratory originally located in the rear of the Holter Hardware Company building. From 1956 to 1971 the laboratory facilities were located in the Great Northern Railroad depot building in Helena. The foundation was initially funded by Holter and other members of his family, but in 1952 Holter began to receive grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Holter continued his collaboration with Dr. Gengerelli of UCLA in attempting to transmit information, primarily brain waves, by radio. Holter turned his attention from the brain to the heart because the heart's greater voltage made the electronics easier, and because heart disease was far more prevalent than cerebral disease. Holter's introduction to Dr. Paul Dudley White (1886-1973), a renowned physician and cardiologist, helped convince him to focus his research on recording electrical activity from the heart. Holter's goal was to radio broadcast and record the more obvious electrophysiological phenomena occurring in humans while carrying on their normal activities, rather than having to lie quietly on a couch.

The first broadcast of a radioelectrocardiogram (RECG) took place circa 1947 and required eighty to eighty-five pounds of equipment, which Holter worn on his back while riding a stationary bicycle. This was not practical and in no way could be worn by a patient. The initial transmitter and receiver required that the subject remain in the general area of the laboratory, so a portable and lighter RECG receiver-recorder had to be developed.

Next, Holter created a briefcase-like device that could be carried by a patient. By using very thin magnetic recording tape, twenty-four hours of RECG could be captured on a reel five inches in diameter. The initial method of examining the voluminous records from the tape recordings developed by Holter was called Audio-Visual Superimposed ECG Presentation (AVSEP). AVSEP made it possible to examine twenty-four hours of RECGs in twenty minutes, with signals being presented visually on an oscilloscope and audibly through a speaker.

With the development of transistors, radioelectrocardiography was made obsolete, and it became possible for the amplifier, tape recorder, temperature-control circuits, motor speed control circuits, and batteries to be placed in a single unit small enough for a coat pocket or purse. In 1952, Holter succeeded in creating a small unit that weighed 1 kilogram. Wilford R. Glassock, a senior engineer working with Holter, traveled to Cedars of Lebanon Hospital (now Cedars-Sinai Hospital of Los Angeles) in 1962 to demonstrate the Holter monitor system and discuss making it more practical. At Cedars, Dr. Eliot Corday observed the practicality of the system and not only embraced the technology, but collaborated with Holter's team and was an early promoter of the technology to both industry and physicians. Holter and Glassock were issued US Patent 3,215,136 on November 2, 1965 for the Electrocardiographic Means.

As articles describing the foundation's invention of these devices began to appear in the professional literature, there was considerable demand from doctors and hospitals for the equipment. Dr. Corday introduced Holter to Bruce Del Mar, founder of the Del Mar Avionics Corporation in Irvine, California. Del Mar engineers developed the "electrocardiocorder" for clinical use, producing a commercially viable monitor which came to be known as the Holter Monitor Test. Further refinements led to the creation of a "minimonitor" in 1968, which was described by Holter as being the "size of a cigarette package." Commercial production of the Holter minimonitor, AVSEP, Jr., began in 1969. The Holter Research Foundation ultimately sold exclusive rights to their patents to Del Mar Engineering Laboratories.

Later known as Del Mar Avionics, a team of engineers diverted their attention from successful manufacturing of military weapons training devices to focus on improving the speed and accuracy of computerized ECG analysis and they became the acknowledged leader in Holter monitoring technology for over 40 years. In 1969, because of the increased amount of required paper work and red tape, Holter canceled the grant funding his foundation had been receiving from NIH. He was also in constant conflict with the Internal Revenue Service over the foundation's non-profit status, rights to patents, and commercial production of equipment. The foundation continued to maintain a laboratory and conduct varied scientific work, but on a much smaller scale. The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was dissolved in 1985, two years after Holter's death.

Del Mar Avionics was founded on January 9, 1952, as Del Mar Engineering Laboratories in Los Angeles, California by Bruce Del Mar, who led the development of aircraft cabin pressurization systems. Del Mar was born in Pasadena, California in 1913. An engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and businessman, Del Mar graduated from the University of California, Berkeley (1937) with a Bachelor of Science degree. Del Mar worked for Douglas Aircraft (1933-1951) as a research engineer on many projects before founding Del Mar Engineering Laboratories. In 1938, Del Mar married Mary Van Ness. The couple had two daughters, Patrica Jean Parsons and Marna Belle Schnabel.

In 1958, Del Mar formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Electromation Inc., which manufactured tape recording and communication equipment. He later established, Aeroplastics Corporation to manufacture plastic products and Avionics Research Products Corporation to develop and produce biomedical instrumentation. By the mid-1960s, the company had become a leading U.S. Defense Department prime contractor in the development and production of aerial tow target systems for weapons training and instrumented ground targets for scoring air-to-ground automatic weapons delivery. It also produced helicopter target drones and helicopter flight trainers for the U.S. Army.

In 1961, the company entered the growing medical instrumentation market with the development of the first long-term ambulatory monitoring systems.

In 1965, the company introduced the Hydra Set Load Positioner that controls the precise vertical positioning of loads up to 300 tons (272,000 kg) in increments as small as 0.001 inch (0.025mm). This unique product, mounted between the load and the crane (or hoist), permits precise mating and de-mating of critical components, thus eliminating unforeseen damage to valuable loads. Hydra Set Load Positioners are in use worldwide in the aerospace, military/commercial aviation, nuclear and fossil fuel power generating industries and in various industrial applications. In 1975, the company, then re-named Del Mar Avionics, moved to its current location in Irvine, California.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Project Bionics Artificial Organ Documentation Collection [videotapes], 2002 (AC0841) documents the invention and development of artifical internal organs through oral history interviews with scientists and others involved.

The James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D., Papers, 1948-1951 (AC0200) documents Halkett and Wesolowski's experiments on an early mechanical heart. Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols.

The George Edward Burch Papers, 1984-1986 (AC0316) documents Burch's pioneering work in clinical cardiology and research through technical notes, diagrams, and correspondence regarding laboratory work on the "2-pump heart model," 1984-1986.

Wilson Greatbatch Innovative Lives Presentation, 1996 (AC0601) documents the invention of the implantable cardiac pacemaker in 1958.

The Ronald J. Leonard Papers, circa 1980-1997 (AC1109) documents Leonard's development of pumps and oxygenators used in cardio-pulmonary bypass surgery.

Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The Division of Medicine and Science holds two monitors: the Dynamic and the Del Mar Avionics ElectroCardioCorder (Model 445), 1977 and the ElectroCardioScanner (Model 660), 1971. Both were developed by Del Mar's Medical Device Manufacturing staff. See accession #: 2011.0196.

Materials at the Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives

Holter Family papers, 1861-1968

Includes documentation about the Holter Research Foundation, Inc.

Holter Research Foundation, Inc. records, 1914-1985

The Holter Research Foundation, Inc. was a private, non-profit, scientific research foundation started in Helena, Montana, in 1947 by Norman J. "Jeff" Holter. Records (1914-1985) include correspondence, financial records, laboratory records, subject files, photographs, etc. Also included are subgroups for N.J. Holter; his work in the U.S. Navy on bombs and waves; his work as assistant chancellor at University of California, San Diego; and the Society of Nuclear Medicine.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Del Mar Avionics through Bruce Del Mar, President on September 12, 2011.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical innovations  Search this
Patents  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1249
See more items in:
Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1249
Online Media:

Chuck Hoberman Innovative Lives Presentation

Creator:
Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.  Search this
Hoberman, Chuck  Search this
Names:
Hoberman Associates, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Oral history
Interviews
Videotapes
Date:
1996-05-08
Summary:
This collection contains original videos documenting Chuck Hoberman, inventor the Hoberman Sphere.
Scope and Contents note:
Original videotapes documenting Chuck Hoberman, inventor of expandable geodesic domes and spheres. Hoberman invented the Hoberman Sphere, Iris Dome, and a collapsible frisbee, tent and briefcase.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Original Videos

Series 2: Reference Videos

Series 3: Photographs and Slides
Biographical/Historical note:
Chuck Hoberman was born in 1956 and attended Brown University and holds a B.F.A. from Cooper Union and a M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Columbia University. He also holds four patents on ways to pleat sheets (of metal, plastic, or paper), and two patents on truss structures (structures that are based on series of triangles joined together). Hoberman has built expandable geodesic domes and spheres, including a motorized geodesic sphere that expands from 4.5 feet in diameter to 18 feet in diameter. Another dome, the "Iris Dome," could be used for emergency shelters and portable exhibition spaces. He named the dome after the iris of an eye, which also expands and contracts proportionally. Besides the Iris Sphere and a small toy called the Hoberman Sphere, Chuck Hoberman has invented a collapsible frisbee, a collapsible tent, and a collapsible briefcase. Hoberman combines aesthetics (the art of making things look pleasing to the eye) with engineering with problem-solving. His intriguing creations, based on both basic geometry and complex mathematics, solve problems or offer opportunities in the real world. In 1990, he founded his own company, called Hoberman Associates, Inc.
Provenance:
This collection was created by the Innovative Lives Program of The Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation on May 8, 1996. The Innovative Lives series brings young people and American inventors together to discuss inventions and the creative process and to experiment and play with hands-on activities related to each inventor's product.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Signed copies of release on file.
Topic:
Sphere  Search this
Inventors -- 1990-2000  Search this
Geometry -- Descriptive  Search this
Geometry -- Modern  Search this
Inventions -- 1990-2000  Search this
Domes  Search this
Flying discs (Game)  Search this
Frisbees  Search this
Geodesics (Mathematics)  Search this
Architectural design  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Slides  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 1980-2000
Videotapes -- 1990-2000
Citation:
Chuck Hoberman Innovative Lives Presentation, 1996, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0604
See more items in:
Chuck Hoberman Innovative Lives Presentation
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0604

McDonald's briefcase

Collection Creator:
Wood, Arthur Bernie, 1921-1986  Search this
Container:
Box 14
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
A. Bernie Wood papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
A. Bernie Wood Papers
A. Bernie Wood Papers / Series 3: McDonald's Corporation / 3.6: Sales materials
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0962-ref254

Sales materials

Collection Creator:
Wood, Arthur Bernie, 1921-1986  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963
undated
[1972?]
1964
Scope and Contents:
The subseries consists of a property checklist and a lease. The property checklist was to be completed by real estate personnel, and it detailed traffic, distance to business activities, land information, zoning data, and general site information such as water, sewer, natural gas and wiring lines. The lease is an example of what terms were agreed to between the "lessor" and McDonald's System, Inc. The bulk of the sales materials include proposals developed by Wood in five areas: System of Success, Public Relations, Sales Areas, Sales Promotions, and Miscellaneous. The "System of Success Communication Within and Without" is a proposal that addresses the issue of troubleshooting and training personnel. Wood's method is based on check chart comparisons and communication ideas. This proposal contains a McDonald's organizational chart. The second proposal is "Public Relations" and contains Wood's outline for "nostalgic paraphernalia" or a "longing for the good times." The "Sales Area" proposal details the sales success system for certain sales territories in the United States and for how McDonald's can succeed. Sales Promotion defines the objective and a plan for approaching it in very general terms. Lastly, the miscellaneous file holds a drive-in restaurant industry consumer survey conducted by the Consumer Research Section at WCOL radio in Cincinnati, Ohio. This survey also contains three articles from operators of coffee houses and drive-in restaurants discussing the services, food and coffee quality, and associated costs and profits. There are some examples of "tests" given to window men to check their speed and accuracy in calculating the cost of food and in making correct change.

There is one black, plastic vinyl briefcase emblazoned with the McDonald's logo.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
A. Bernie Wood papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0962, Subseries 3.6
See more items in:
A. Bernie Wood Papers
A. Bernie Wood Papers / Series 3: McDonald's Corporation
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0962-ref29

Handwritten Diary

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 6-8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref265
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Handwritten Diary digital asset number 1

Diary

Collection Creator:
Craton, Forman H., 1902-1983  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 2-3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Forman H. Craton Collection, 1902-1983, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Forman H. Craton Papers
Forman H. Craton Papers / Series 1: Memoirs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0454-ref269
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Diary digital asset number 1
  • View Diary digital asset number 2

Emmy Lou Packard Papers

Creator:
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Names:
American Civil Liberties Union  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Edmunds, John, 1913-  Search this
Kahlo, Frida  Search this
Lange, Dorothea  Search this
O'Gorman, Juan, 1905-  Search this
O'Higgins, Pablo, 1904-  Search this
Refregier, Anton, 1905-  Search this
Reynolds, Malvina  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Extent:
9.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Date:
1900-1990
Summary:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers measure 9.4 linear feet and date from 1900 to 1990, and focus on the career of painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor Emmy Lou Packard. Also found are extensive materials relating to Packard's personal and professional relationship with muralist Diego Rivera and painter Frida Kahlo, with whom Packard lived for one year in Mexico. Papers include correspondence, financial records, notes, writings, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material.
Scope and Contents note:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers measure 9.4 linear feet and date from 1900 to 1990, and focus on the career of painter, printmaker, muralist, and sculptor Emmy Lou Packard. Also found are extensive materials relating to Packard's personal and professional relationship with muralist Diego Rivera and painter Frida Kahlo, with whom Packard lived for one year in Mexico. Papers include correspondence, financial records, notes, writings, exhibition files, photographs, and printed material.

Biographical materials include resumes, personal forms, and certificates. Correspondence is with family, friends, and colleagues, including muralist Anton Refregier, songwriter Malvina Reynolds, and composer John Edmunds. There is one letter from Dorothea Lange. Also found is correspondence with various political and arts organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union and the Russian magazine Soviet Woman. Much of the correspondence discusses personal relationships and political and art-related activities. Additional correspondence with and concerning Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo is arranged in Series 6.

Personal business records found within the papers include studio real estate and rent records, insurance records, price lists for artwork, consignment records, and miscellaneous receipts. There is one interview transcript of an interview with Packard for the Radical Elders Oral History Project. The papers include a series of notebooks/diaries, address lists, and other notes.

Packard's reference files and personal papers documenting her professional and close personal relationship with Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo are arranged into a separate series. They include her research files for a planned book on the two artists, personal letters between Packard and the couple, as well as several interesting photographs. Also found in this series are notes, writings, and printed materials relating to Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo, and other Mexican artists, such as Covarrubius, Juan O'Gorman, and Pablo O'Higgins.

The collection also includes typescripts and additional writings by Packard and others. Artwork consists of orginal drawings and prints by Packard and others not directly associated with projects. Exhibition and project files for many of Packard's commissioned projects are also found within the collection, including her files for the restoration of Anton Refregier's Rincon Annex Post Office mural in San Francisco and the Coit Tower murals in San Francisco. Many of the project files contain correspondence, reports, contracts, printed material, photographs, and artwork.

The papers also include photographs of Packard, her family, residences, artwork, friends, and colleagues, including Cesar Chavez, Juan O'Gorman, Malvina Reynolds, Charles Safford, Ralph Stackpole, and Tennessee Williams. Two scrapbooks are found, as well as additional printed materials such as clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs. There are also two artifact items, a vinyl record of Malvina Reynolds and a political campaign button.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into fifteen series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1942-1985 (Box 1; 1 folder)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1919-1990 (Box 1-3; 2.6 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1945-1985 (Box 3; 21 folders)

Series 4: Interview Transcript, 1979 (Box 3; 1 folder)

Series 5: Notes, 1900-1985 (Box 3-4, 10; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 6: Reference Files on Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo, 1929-1986 (Box 5, 10, OV 11; 0.9 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings by Packard, 1953-1984 (Box 6; 17 folders)

Series 8: Writings by Others, 1955-1984 (Box 6; 19 folders)

Series 9: Artwork, 1921-1976 (Box 6; 10 folders)

Series 10: Exhibition Files, 1950-1964 (Box 6, OV 11; 5 folders)

Series 11: Project Files, 1953-1985 (Box 6-7, 10, OV 11; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 12: Photographs, 1914-1982 (Box 8, 10; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 13: Scrapbooks, 1947-1950 (Box 8, 10; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 14: Printed Material, 1936-1988 (Box 8-9, 10; 1 linear foot)

Series 15: Artifacts, 1984 (Box 9-10, OV 11; 2 folders)
Biographical/Historical note:
Emmy Lou Packard was born in Imperial Valley, California on April 15, 1914, to Walter and Emma Leonard Packard. In the late 1920s she lived with her family in Mexico City where she became acquainted with Diego Rivera, from whom she received regular art criticism and encouragement. She graduated from the University of California, Berkeley and completed courses in fresco and sculpture at the California School of Fine Arts in 1940. That year and the next, Packard worked as a full-time painting assistant to Rivera on his 1,650 square-foot fresco at the World's Fair in San Francisco. During this project, Packard became very close to Rivera and Frida Kahlo and returned to Mexico with them and spent a year living with the couple.

From then on, except for in 1944-1945 working for a defense plant, Packard worked and grew in various aspects of her art. In addition to her work in fresco, Packard is known for her work in watercolor, oil, mosaic, laminated plastic, concrete, and printmaking, both in linocuts and woodblocks. She received numerous commissions that included installations for ships, hotels, and private homes for which she executed large woodcuts and mural panels. During the 1950s and 1960s, Packard was hired to restore several historic murals, most notably the Rincon Annex Post Office mural by Anton Refregier and the Coit Tower murals in San Francisco.

Between 1966 and 1967 she was commissioned by architects to design and execute a number of concrete and mosaic pieces, one of which went to the Mirabeau Restaurant in Kaiser Center, Oakland. She also designed and executed a mural for the Fresno Convention Center Theater during that same period. In 1973-1974, she designed and supervised a glazed brick mural for a public library in Pinole, California.

Packard had one-woman shows at the San Francisco Museum of Art, Raymond and Raymond Gallery (San Francisco), Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, Mass.), Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, Pushkin Museum (Moscow), and March Gallery (Chicago). Emmy Lou Packard died in 1998.
Related Archival Materials note:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Emmy Lou Packard conducted by Mary Fuller McChesney in 1964.
Provenance:
Emmy Lou Packard donated her papers to the Archives of American Art from 1984-1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Emmy Lou Packard papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Sculptors -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Printmakers -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Painters -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, Mexican  Search this
Muralists -- California -- San Francisco  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketches
Photographs
Interviews
Diaries
Citation:
Emmy Lou Packard papers, 1900-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.packemmy
See more items in:
Emmy Lou Packard Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-packemmy
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  • View Emmy Lou Packard Papers digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Man with Briefcase

Artist:
Jonathan Borofsky, born Boston, MA 1942  Search this
Medium:
Cor-Ten steel
Dimensions:
320 × 94 1/2 × 2 3/4 in. (812.8 × 240.0 × 7.0 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1987-1988
Topic:
Dress\accessory\hat  Search this
Figure male\full length  Search this
Dress\accessory\handbag  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Thelma and Melvin Lenkin and Julie Walters and Sam Rose in honor of Elizabeth Broun, Director from 1989 to 2016
Object number:
2016.48
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Exterior, East Side
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7bbfec443-d84b-4f5b-a74b-b4c7bbc3ba0f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2016.48

Untitled (Clouds and Briefcase)

Artist:
Jerry N. Uelsmann, born Detroit, MI 1934  Search this
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Type:
Photography
Date:
1982
Topic:
Cityscape  Search this
Cityscape\weather\cloud  Search this
Object number:
1984.10.5
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk76d603de6-2e6f-4bfa-a1e7-f26f6411ce5b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1984.10.5

The West Point Outrage-The Court of Inquiry in Session

Alternate Title:
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker
Artist:
William Allen Rogers, 1854 - 1931  Search this
Sitter:
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker, 23 Aug 1858 - 31 Jan 1931  Search this
Medium:
Wood engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 28.4 × 39.8 cm (11 3/16 × 15 11/16")
Type:
Print
Date:
1880
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Military  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Top hat  Search this
Container\Pitcher  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Lamp  Search this
Print  Search this
Interior\Academic  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drinking vessel\Glass\Goblet  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Blotter  Search this
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker: Male  Search this
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker: Military\Soldier  Search this
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker: Military\Cadet  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Col. David B. Des Roches, USMA 1986
Object number:
NPG.2018.21
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm47d5c0c8b-2a16-4a82-af05-d428ec3f4877
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2018.21

Viscount and Viscountess Lee of Fareham, the Last Days at Chequers

Alternate Title:
Lord and Lady Lee of Fareham, the Last Days at Chequers
Lord and Lady Lee of Fareham in the Great Hall at Chequers
Artist:
Philip Alexius de László, 1869 - 1937  Search this
Sitter:
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham, 1868 - 1947  Search this
Ruth Moore Lee, Viscountess of Fareham, 1869 - 1966  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 91 × 91cm (35 13/16 × 35 13/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1920
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Chandelier  Search this
Home Furnishings\Lighting Devices\Lamp  Search this
Artwork\Portrait  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Architecture\Fireplace  Search this
Container\Box  Search this
Artwork\Needlework\Embroidery  Search this
Ruth Moore Lee, Viscountess of Fareham: Female  Search this
Ruth Moore Lee, Viscountess of Fareham: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Male  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Visual Arts\Founder  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Visual Arts\Art Collector  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Society and Social Change\Philanthropist  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Visual Arts\Art Patron  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Military\Officer  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Rulers and Nobility\Aristocrat\Viscount  Search this
Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount of Fareham: Rulers and Nobility\Aristocrat\Baron  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Administrative Trustees of the Chequers Estate
Object number:
2 ATCE
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm499da5d12-40ee-4cf7-8161-c7da1b0c2672
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_2_ATCE

John Cage

Artist:
Joan Logue  Search this
Sitter:
John Cage, 5 Sep 1912 - 12 Aug 1992  Search this
Medium:
Single-channel video (color, sound); transferred to digital
Dimensions:
Duration: 30 sec.
Type:
Time-Based Media
Date:
1981
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Printed Material\Book\Notebook  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
John Cage: Male  Search this
John Cage: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Composer  Search this
John Cage: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
John Cage: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
John Cage: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher  Search this
John Cage: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
John Cage: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2014.92
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 1982 Joan Logue
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d74aa9f8-ac2d-46da-bf22-fbc4658b4fac
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.92

Study for Moynihan: A Senator

Artist:
Patrick Oliphant, born 1935  Search this
Sitter:
Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 16 Mar 1927 - 26 Mar 2003  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 30.2 × 22.5 cm (11 7/8 × 8 7/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1991
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Bowtie  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Male  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Literature\Writer  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\US Representative to United Nations  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Education\Educator\Professor\Political Science  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Patrick and Susan C. Oliphant
Object number:
S/NPG.2013.14
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 1991 Patrick Oliphant
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49b51a6d1-dd0d-4ad2-96b8-d657ee6066cb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2013.14

Patrick Moynihan - A Senator

Artist:
Patrick Oliphant, born 1935  Search this
Sitter:
Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 16 Mar 1927 - 26 Mar 2003  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
With Base (Verified): 47 x 16.5 x 12.7cm (18 1/2 x 6 1/2 x 5")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1991
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Male  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\US Senator\New York  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Literature\Writer  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador\United Nations  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Politics and Government\US Representative to United Nations  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Education\Educator\Professor\Political Science  Search this
Daniel Patrick Moynihan: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquired through the generosity of Peter and Isobel Malkin, in honor of Richard Moe
Object number:
NPG.2010.84
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© 1991 Patrick Oliphant
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm435268ae0-6913-46ec-8a40-3e9b00313afe
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2010.84

Portrait of a Jewelry Salesman

Artist:
Robert H. Vance, 1825 - 1876  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Hand-colored daguerreotype
Dimensions:
7.1 x 5.9cm (2 13/16 x 2 5/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1853-1854
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: J. Paul Getty Museum
Object number:
84.XT.1565.18
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40cd3623e-0e5e-42b2-9259-2f2d918e0499
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_84.XT.1565.18

January 22, 1998: "State of the President"

Artist:
Herbert Lawrence Block, 13 Oct 1909 - 7 Oct 2001  Search this
Sitter:
William Jefferson Clinton, born 19 Aug 1946  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on paper
Dimensions:
Sheet: 56 x 38.1cm (22 1/16 x 15")
Mat: 71.1 x 55.9cm (28 x 22")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1998
Topic:
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Cartoon\Political  Search this
Human Figures  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Male  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Politics and Government\Governor\Arkansas  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Politics and Government\State Attorney General\Arkansas  Search this
William Jefferson Clinton: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Object number:
EXH.BL.40
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm48efea500-a8f7-425b-a89f-0a3cdf7cf04e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.BL.40

Self-Portrait in a Cheval Glass

Artist:
Margaret Fitzhugh Browne, 1884 - 1972  Search this
Sitter:
Margaret Fitzhugh Browne, 1884 - 1972  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
55.9 x 43.2cm (22 x 17")
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1930
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Stool  Search this
Artist's Effects\Palette  Search this
Artist's Effects\Paintbrush  Search this
Home Furnishings\Mirror  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookshelf  Search this
Margaret Fitzhugh Browne: Female  Search this
Margaret Fitzhugh Browne: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Object number:
DLR00377
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4a3113ada-c41d-463b-9a80-e0cf2cdca881
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DLR00377

Election Strategy

Alternate Title:
Jimmy Carter (with Harold Brown, Robert Strauss, Zbigniew Brzezinski and Edmund Muskie)
Artist:
Patrick Oliphant, born 1935  Search this
Sitter:
James Earl Carter, Jr., born 1 Oct 1924  Search this
Harold Brown, 19 Sep 1927 - 4 Jan 2019  Search this
Robert S. Strauss, 19 Oct 1918 - 19 Mar 2014  Search this
Zbigniew Brzezinski, 28 Mar 1928 - 26 May 2017  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie, 28 Mar 1914 - 26 Mar 1996  Search this
Medium:
India ink over pencil
Dimensions:
Sheet: 28.6 x 43.9cm (11 1/4 x 17 5/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1980
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Home Furnishings\Globe  Search this
Cartoon\Political  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Male  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Literature\Writer  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Georgia  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Society and Social Change\Founder\Charity  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Politics and Government\State Senator\Georgia  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Nobel Prize  Search this
James Earl Carter, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Harold Brown: Male  Search this
Harold Brown: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Harold Brown: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist  Search this
Harold Brown: Education\Administrator\College\President  Search this
Harold Brown: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Defense  Search this
Harold Brown: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Male  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Politics and Government\Presidential Candidate  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Environmentalist  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Politics and Government\Vice-Presidential Candidate  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Politics and Government\US Senator\Maine  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Politics and Government\Governor\Maine  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Maine  Search this
Edmund Sixtus Muskie: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Robert S. Strauss: Male  Search this
Robert S. Strauss: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Robert S. Strauss: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Ambassador  Search this
Robert S. Strauss: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Robert S. Strauss: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist  Search this
Robert S. Strauss: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Zbigniew Brzezinski: Male  Search this
Zbigniew Brzezinski: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
Zbigniew Brzezinski: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Susan Corn Conway, in honor of Alan Fern, on behalf of Patrick Oliphant
Object number:
NPG.2002.144
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Pat Oliphant
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm475177fe3-f090-4f92-a5a1-3871a92d6a92
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2002.144

The Watergate Bug

Alternate Title:
Richard Nixon (with Harry Haldeman)
Artist:
Patrick Oliphant, born 1935  Search this
Sitter:
Richard Milhous Nixon, 9 Jan 1913 - 22 Apr 1994  Search this
Harry Robbins Haldeman, 1926 - 1993  Search this
Medium:
India ink over pencil
Dimensions:
Sheet: 29.3 x 44.9cm (11 9/16 x 17 11/16")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
1973
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Costume\Footwear\Shoes  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Insect  Search this
Nature & Environment\Bone  Search this
Cartoon\Political  Search this
Harry Robbins Haldeman: Male  Search this
Harry Robbins Haldeman: Law and Law Enforcement\Criminal  Search this
Harry Robbins Haldeman: Politics and Government\Chief of Staff  Search this
Harry Robbins Haldeman: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Aide  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Male  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Literature\Writer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\Vice-President of US  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Richard Milhous Nixon: Politics and Government\US Congressman\California  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Susan Corn Conway, in honor of Alan Fern, on behalf of Patrick Oliphant
Object number:
NPG.2002.176
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Time Inc.
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f4cc5b13-061c-4af8-a9a8-5c59c8ee1d1b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2002.176

Mercury Seven Astronauts

Artist:
Flip Schulke, 24 Jun 1930 - 15 May 2008  Search this
Sitter:
Malcolm Scott Carpenter, 1 May 1925 - 10 Oct 2013  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr., 12 Mar 1923 - 3 May 2007  Search this
Virgil Grissom, 3 Apr 1926 - 27 Jan 1967  Search this
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr., 18 Nov 1923 - 21 Jul 1998  Search this
Unidentified Man  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr., 18 Jul 1921 - 8 Dec 2016  Search this
Donald Slayton, 1 Mar 1924 - 13 Jun 1993  Search this
L. Gordon Cooper Jr., 6 Mar 1927 - 4 Oct 2004  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Mount: 50.8 x 40.6 cm (20 x 16")
Mat: 55.9 x 71.1 cm (22 x 28")
Image/Sheet: 21.7 × 33.5 cm (8 9/16 × 13 3/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\Florida\Brevard\Cape Canaveral
Date:
1961
Topic:
Baggage & Luggage\Briefcase  Search this
Printed Material\Map  Search this
Home Furnishings\Telephone  Search this
Vehicle\Spacecraft\Rocket  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Male  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Military\Navy\Pilot  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Science and Technology\Engineer\Aeronautical  Search this
Walter Marty Schirra, Jr.: Military\Navy\Officer\Captain  Search this
Malcolm Scott Carpenter: Male  Search this
Malcolm Scott Carpenter: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Malcolm Scott Carpenter: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Malcolm Scott Carpenter: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
Malcolm Scott Carpenter: Military\Navy\Pilot  Search this
Malcolm Scott Carpenter: Natural Resources\Explorer\Ocean Explorer  Search this
L. Gordon Cooper Jr.: Male  Search this
L. Gordon Cooper Jr.: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
L. Gordon Cooper Jr.: Military\Air Force\Officer\Pilot  Search this
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr.: Male  Search this
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr.: Business and Finance\Businessperson  Search this
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr.: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr.: Military\Navy\Officer\Rear Admiral  Search this
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr.: Military\Navy\Pilot  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Male  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Military\Marine Corps\Officer\Pilot  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Military\Marine Corps  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
John Herschel Glenn, Jr.: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Virgil Grissom: Male  Search this
Virgil Grissom: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
Virgil Grissom: Military\Air Force\Officer\Pilot  Search this
Donald Slayton: Male  Search this
Donald Slayton: Science and Technology\Scientist\Astronaut  Search this
Donald Slayton: Military\Air Force\Officer\Pilot  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.99.163
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
©Flip Schulke Archives
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f010028f-8adb-4c77-b21b-1e2a8ba189b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.99.163

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