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Oral history interview with Charles Alan, 1970 August 20-25

Interviewee:
Alan, Charles, 1908?-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-1997  Search this
Subject:
Allen, Lawrence  Search this
Baker, Richard Brown  Search this
Davis, Stuart  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor  Search this
Hirshhorn, Joseph H.  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Landau, Felix  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin)  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Marin, John  Search this
Marin, John, Jr.  Search this
Root, Edward Wales  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph)  Search this
Zerbe, Karl  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Conner, Bruce  Search this
Harnett, William Michael  Search this
Askew, R. Kirk (Ralph Kirk)  Search this
Breinin, Raymond  Search this
Levy, Julien  Search this
Washburn, George  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Yale School of Drama  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Quotes and excerpts must be cited as follows: Oral history interview with Charles Alan, 1970 August 20-25. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Set designers -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11699
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212203
AAA_collcode_alan70
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212203
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Charles Alan

Interviewee:
Alan, Charles, 1908?-1975  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul  Search this
Names:
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Yale School of Drama -- Students  Search this
Allen, Lawrence  Search this
Askew, R. Kirk (Ralph Kirk), 1903-1974  Search this
Baker, Richard Brown  Search this
Breinin, Raymond, 1910-  Search this
Conner, Bruce, 1933-2008  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
Geddes, Norman Bel, 1893-1958  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Harnett, William Michael, 1848-1892  Search this
Hirshhorn, Joseph H.  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Landau, Felix, 1924-2003  Search this
Levi, Julian E. (Julian Edwin), 1900-1982  Search this
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Levy, Julien  Search this
Marin, John, 1870-1953  Search this
Marin, John, Jr., 1915?-1988  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Root, Edward Wales, d. 1956  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Washburn, George  Search this
Zerbe, Karl, 1903-1972  Search this
Extent:
37 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1970 August 20-25
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Charles Alan conducted 1970 August 20-25, by Paul Cummings, for the Archives of American Art.
Alan speaks of studying scene and stage design; attending Yale School of Drama; doing illustrations for various publications; traveling and studying in Europe; working as a set designer for MGM and Warner Brothers; his experiences working at the Downtown Gallery; his thoughts and recollections about Edith Halpert; leaving Downtown Gallery and starting his own gallery; his opinions on the future of small galleries in New York; museum purchases; Edith Halpert's art collection; selling his gallery to Felix Landau; and various thoughts concerning the art world. He recalls Norman Bell Geddes, Edith Halpert, Stuart Davis, Julien Levy, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Kirk Askew, Raymond Breinin, Ben Shahn, George Washburn, Edward Root, Joe Hirshhorn, John Marin, John Marin Jr., Lawrence Allen, Georgia O'Keeffe, William Harnett, Julian Levi, Jack Levine, Karl Zerbe, Bruce Conner, Richard Baker, Paul Sachs, and many others.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Alan (1908?-1975) was an art dealer from New York, New York. Alan attended Horace Mann School, graduating in 1924. Attended Yale School of Drama in 1925, then worked as a set designer for MGM and Warner Brothers. In 1930, Alan became a theatrical set designer and director. After serving in the Army in World War II, he worked for Edith Halpert at the Downtown Gallery. In 1952, he opened the Charles Alan Gallery, specializing in contemporary art. Alan closed the gallery in 1970 to become a private dealer.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 2 hrs., 58 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives' Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Set Designers -- United States -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.alan70
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b58bbd57-ca81-4a18-a614-fc868226702e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-alan70
Online Media:

Oral history interview with John Stephan

Interviewee:
Stephan, John Walter, 1906-1995  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Art Institute of Chicago  Search this
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
Fairleigh Dickinson University -- Faculty  Search this
Hunter College  Search this
Public Works of Art Project  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Bennett, Rainey  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Breinin, Raymond, 1910-  Search this
Bulliet, C. J. (Clarence Joseph), 1883-1952  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Calas, Nicolas  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Coryllis, Peter  Search this
Cunningham, Inez  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Denby, Bill  Search this
Ernst, Max, 1891-1976  Search this
Fabian, John  Search this
Flaherty, Robert Joseph, 1884-1951  Search this
Gendel, Milton  Search this
Goossen, E. C.  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Guggenheim, Peggy, 1898-1979  Search this
Harrison, Caleb  Search this
Johnson, Ben  Search this
Jones, Jack  Search this
Kiesler, Frederick  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Knopf, Alfred  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
Levy, Julien  Search this
MacLeish, Norman, 1898-1949  Search this
Matta, 1912-2002  Search this
Miller, Edgar, 1899-1993  Search this
Millman, Edward, 1907-1964  Search this
Moran, Connie, 1898-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Nathanson, Winn  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso, 1916-1990  Search this
Ott, Peterpaul, 1895-1992  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Praz, Mario, 1896-1982  Search this
Robinson, Increase, 1890-1981  Search this
Rosenberg, Harold, 1906-1978  Search this
Rothko, Mark, 1903-1970  Search this
Sebartes, Jaime  Search this
Shapiro, Myra  Search this
Siporin, Mitchell, 1910-1976  Search this
Stephan, Dart  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-1980  Search this
Torres, Jesús  Search this
Walgreen, Ruth  Search this
Watson, Dudley Crafts, 1885-  Search this
Watson-Schütze, Eva, 1867-1935  Search this
Weisenborn, Rudolph, b. 1881  Search this
Wheeler, Monroe, 1899-  Search this
Wilhelm, Jerry  Search this
Zadkine, Ossip  Search this
de Diego, Juan  Search this
Extent:
10 Items (Sound recording: 10 sound files (6 hr., 54 min.), digital, wav)
100 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1986 May 20-1987 May 7
Scope and Contents:
Interview of John Walter Stephan, conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, at Newport, Rhode Island, on May 20, 1986 and May 7, 1987.
Stephan speaks of Chicago childhood and adolescence; life during the Depression; the Art Institute of Chicago; the 1930s Chicago leftist movement; the WPA and PWAP; The Tiger's Eye art magazine; Rome artistic and literary society; the New York School of artists; Betty Parsons Gallery; the Surrealists; teaching at Fairleigh Dickenson University; Hunter College; and his critiques of Pop and contemporary artists. Stephan also recalls Ruth Walgreen, Dart Stephan, Rainey Bennett, Clyfford Still, Juan de Diego, Caleb Harrison, Aaron Bohrod, Dudley Crafts Watson, Jack Jones, George Constant, Connie Moran, CJ Bulliet, Rudolph Weisenborn, Inez Cunningham, Eva Watson-Schütze, Jesus Torres, Edgar Miller, Katherine Kuh, Increase Robinson, Peterpaul Ott, Mitchell Siporin, Raymond Breinin, Holger Cahill, John Fabian, Eddie Millman, Winn Nathanson, Fairfield Porter, Norman MacLeish, Ossip Zadkine, Betty Parsons, Alfonso Ossorio, Max Ernst, Julien Levy, Peggy Guggenheim, Bill de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Franz Kline, Barney Newman, Nicolas Calas, Bob Motherwell, Monroe Wheeler, Myra Shapiro, Clement Greenberg, Harold Rosenberg, Alfred Knopf, Robert Flaherty, Jaime Sebartés, Frederick Kiesler, Robert Matta, Mario Praz, Bill Denby, Ben Johnson, Milton Gendel, Walter Auerbach, Jerry Wilhelm, Eugene Goossens, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
John Walter Stephan (1906-1995) was a painter.
General:
Originally recorded on 6 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 10 digital wav files. Duration is 6 hr., 54 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Painters -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Great Depression  Search this
New York school of art  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.stepha86
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw99597ee0d-a705-446d-af03-ff9fce4f051e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-stepha86
Online Media:

Breinin, Raymond

Collection Creator:
Bulliet, C. J. (Clarence Joseph), 1883-1952  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 70
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1939-1948
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
The C. J. Bulliet papers, circa 1888-1959. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
C. J. (Clarence Joseph) Bulliet papers
C. J. (Clarence Joseph) Bulliet papers / Series 4: Artist Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9fb00c99a-799c-4b9c-90b3-841b4575443e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bullclar-ref556

Open Door

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, American, b. Vitebsk, Russia, 1910–2000  Search this
Medium:
Gouache on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 19 7/8 x 30 in. (50.5 x 76.2 cm) image: 18 1/4 x 30 in. (46.4 x 76.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981
Accession Number:
86.567
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py25ed6ba4c-19e9-403c-a915-9c6d90ca33b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_86.567

Raymond Breinin

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Sitter:
Raymond Breinin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
60.5cm x 51.2cm (23 13/16" x 20 3/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1960-1965
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Scarf  Search this
Self-portrait  Search this
Raymond Breinin: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Raymond Breinin: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Academy of Design
Object number:
1669-P-1249
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e23b3d9b-40c8-462a-a445-eef28eedab6f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1669-P-1249

Jean Piccard

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Sitter:
Jean Piccard, 1884 - 1963  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
118cm x 89.2cm (46 7/16" x 35 1/8"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1946
Topic:
Jean Piccard: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Object number:
1948.2 PAFA
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm445770952-055e-4d07-9665-307d6dc4ce56
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1948.2_PAFA

Girl in Costume

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, born Vitebsk, Russia 1908-died Scarsdale, NY 2000  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
39 7/8 x 30 in. (101.3 x 76.3 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1938-1940
Topic:
Figure female  Search this
Dress\costume  Search this
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\Illinois  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from General Services Administration
Object number:
1971.447.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk79ecbc224-e07b-4835-b547-275bc6801405
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1971.447.10

Yellow Sky

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, born Vitebsk, Russia 1908-died Scarsdale, NY 2000  Search this
Medium:
watercolor
Dimensions:
16 1/4 x 25 3/4 in. (41.3 x 65.4 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Topic:
Landscape  Search this
Landscape\tree  Search this
Architecture\detail\fence  Search this
Architecture Exterior\domestic\house  Search this
Architecture Exterior\domestic\shed  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from General Services Administration
Object number:
1971.447.11
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7e145c096-f8ad-4b28-b426-e56f54ed7e0c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1971.447.11

The Bridge

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, born Vitebsk, Russia 1908-died Scarsdale, NY 2000  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
30 x 40 1/8 in. (76.1 x 101.8 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Topic:
Architecture\bridge  Search this
Architecture\religious\church  Search this
Architecture\domestic\house  Search this
Animal\dog  Search this
Figure male\full length  Search this
Landscape\town  Search this
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\Illinois  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from General Services Administration
Object number:
1971.447.9
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk720b15917-c970-4067-b30e-a1f010316f3a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1971.447.9

Near the Woods

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, born Vitebsk, Russia 1908-died Scarsdale, NY 2000  Search this
Medium:
opaque watercolor and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 19 1/8 x 30 in. (48.5 x 76.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Topic:
Landscape\tree  Search this
Landscape\farm  Search this
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\Illinois  Search this
Architecture Exterior\domestic\farmhouse  Search this
Architecture Exterior\farm\silo  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1974.28.148
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7a83b01d1-3c06-4e06-998c-1187d2de708a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1974.28.148

In a Garden [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1945
Topic:
Figure female--Nude  Search this
Landscape--Garden  Search this
Animal--Deer  Search this
Figure group  Search this
Architecture--Monument--Fountain  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120013
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120014

Sleep [drawing] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1961
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
State of Being--Other--Sleep  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120014
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120015

Self Portrait [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Subject:
Breinin, Raymond  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Ca. 1960s?
Topic:
Portrait male--Bust  Search this
Portrait male--Self Portrait  Search this
Occupation--Art--Painter  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120015
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120016

Self-Portrait with Bronze Bird [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Title:
Self-Portrait with White Turban [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)
Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Subject:
Breinin, Raymond  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1968
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Animal--Bird  Search this
Portrait male--Self Portrait  Search this
Object--Art Tool--Artist's Brush  Search this
Figure female--Nude  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120016
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120017

They Ride by Night [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1962
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Animal--Horse  Search this
Landscape--Time--Night  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120017
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120018

Richard Pick [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Subject:
Pick, Richard  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1953
Topic:
Portrait male--Waist length  Search this
Performing Arts--Music--Guitar  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120018
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120019

Backward Glance [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1958
Topic:
Figure group  Search this
Landscape--Town  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120019
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120020

Korean Girl (Portrait of Young Ae Kong) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Subject:
Kong, Young Ae  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Ca. 1967
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Portrait female--Knee length  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120020
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120021

Korean Girl (Portrait of Young Ae Kong) [painting] / (photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son)

Artist:
Breinin, Raymond 1908-2000  Search this
Subject:
Kong, Young Ae  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
Ca. 1967
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Portrait female--Knee length  Search this
Image number:
JUL J0120021
See more items in:
Photograph Study Collection
Data Source:
Photograph Study Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_jul_120022

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